surfing images : extra
and Houston (1996), pages 28 -29, note seven ancient breaks
identified at Hilo Bay, Hawai'i, which possibly rivaled Waikiki for surf-riding
There are two 19th century reports of surf-riding at Hilo Bay.
The first is by John Caton in 1880 and the second in 1880 by Thomas W. Knox.
Unfortunately, the surf-riding at Hilo Bay was terminated with the building of large breakwaters that turned the bay into a large harbour.
across Hilo Bay was begun in the 1900s and completed in 1929."
Having been devastated by tsunamis (seismic ocean waves) a number of times,
the townsfolk of Hilo finally constructed a huge breakwater that shields
the bay from not only devastating surf, but any and all surf. The water
in Hilo Bay is often murky and best for kayaking or swimming because of
extensive runoff from nearby streams and rivers. Directly in the line of
equatorial currents, Hilo Bay's highlight is beachcombing, as floatsam
from around the Pacific Rim can wash up here."
and scanned image in
Lueras (1984) Page 48.
Mr. and Mrs. Don Severson Collection.
"The oil painting ... was painted by an unknown artist who visited Hawaii about 1850.
It is painted on a biscuit tin and is titled : 'Hawaiian Surfing, ca. 1850, at Hilo Bay, Hawaii.'
The work was recently discovered in a New York art gallery by a Honolulu antiquarian who has since returned it to Honolulu." Lueras (1984) Page 49.
For full version see below.
Various resized and/or
cropped versions are also printed in
Lueras (1984) Pages 2 - 3.
a bathing scene, Lahaina, circa 1855."
Finney and Houston (1996) page 30, note four ancient breaks identified at Lahainai, Maui and two others, not located.
"As a working
geologist in the service of Her Majesty's government, James Gay Sawkins
traveled the world and co-authored several books that consisted of surveys
of the geology of various lands.
He was a fellow in the Geological Society (United Kingdom).
He was the Director of the British Guiana and Jamaica Geological surveys.
These surveys may be found in the British Library.
He is known to have traveled to British Guiana, Cuba, Demerara, Hawaii, Jamaica, the West Indies, Trinidad and Australia.
We know from family
correspondence that he "went to Italy to improve himself in the art of
James and Mary illustrated some of his geological surveys, and a book of watercolors of his Hawaii excursion has been published. Family members have some of the originals of his work."
There is one early report of surf-riding by Charles Stewart at Lahaina, Maui in 1824.
James Gay Sawkins
(1806 - 1878) : "Surfboard, a bathing scene, Lahaina, circa 1855."
National Library of Australia.
Possibly first printed
Sawkins, James Gay. A Pictorial Tour of Hawaii, 1850-1852.
Watercolors, Paintings & Drawings With an account of his life & travels by David W. Forbes.
Foreword by Richard H. Dillon
Book Club of California, San Francisco, 1991.
Forbes's introduction notes ...
Sawkins (1806-1878) was an Anglo-American geologist and amateur explorer who visited Hawaii as a tourist in the early 1850s. His watercolors and pencil sketches form "the most complete and important pictorial record of the 19th century Hawaiian landscape."
Also possibly printed
Forbes, David Encounters with Paradise Views of Hawaii and Its People 1778-1941
University of Hawaii Printing, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A., 1992
Illustrated with paintings, prints and drawings.
Scanned image from
Thoms (2000) Page 5.
"Sea side Photographer, circa 1900."
Stereoscopic View, Private collection.
Frizot, Michael (ed) : A New History of Photography.
Konemann Verlagsgesellsvhaft mbH. Bonner Str 126, D-50968 Kohn.
English Edition 1998. Page 182.