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newspapers : 1912 

Newspapers : 1912.


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The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 1 January 1912, page 12.


With a black north-easter blowing, rain falling and the sea becoming rougher and rougher, the North Steyne Surf and Life-saving Club was unfortunate in connection with its fifth annual gala.
Despite the conditions, however, about 1000 people paid for admission to the carnival on the beach, and there were many more outside the enclosure.
Whilst the fourth event was in progress rain fell, and most of the spectators left.
At this stage it became necessary to postpone the water events as a strong current was sweeping from north to south along the beach at a very fast rate, and in the rescue drill, great difficulty was experienced by the swimmers in making the buoy.
The current took them a good deal out of their way, and unless they were fortunate enough to reach it at the first attempt, there was no possiblity of again getting there.
All the beach sports, however, were carried out, and the arrangements generally were complete.

Events were ahead of schedule time in the majority of instances, results and happenings were clearly announced by megaphone, and the result board was placed in a most prominent position.

In the adverse circumstances the club did well to make a success of the gala.

The officials were:- Director, O. G. H. Merrett; assistant director, L. V. Hind; referee. J. Lord; starter L. W. Abel; check starter, R. D. Doyle; time keepers, F. C. Williams, G. Cohen, A. A. Watson; judges for water events, C. D. Patterson, I. Hayden, D. Slyer, S. Fullwood; judges for beach sports, C. Martin, L. C. Ormsby, W. Kellam; megaphone operator, E. H. Reeve; result steward, W. C. Fisher; ??? secretary, E. M. V. Shorewell.

Grand parade and march past of surf clubs in costume, and with all lifesaving gear and appliances. Five teams turned out, and both North Steyne at Manly Life-saving clubs made a very effective display.
The judges awarded first prize to the former and second to the latter.
Junior Alarm Reel Race (under 16 years of age).-
The reels were placed some distance up the beach, and the teams mustered at water's edge.
At the starting signal the teams rushed to the reel, and the beltman was required to swim to buoy anchored about 20 yards out.
Two teams competed- North Steyne and Manly Seagulls.
At the first attempt neither beltman reached the buoy, and, as the current was rapidly sweeping both farther away, the effort had to be abandoned.
At the second attempt, however, Manly Seagulls' representative reached the buoy, and thus won.
Fancy Dress Parade.-
Eight characters paraded, the award of the judges went to R. O. Farrell (clown).
Rescue and Resuscitation Competition for Begg's Shield.-
Owing to the heavy current running from north to south, the reels had to be placed at the extreme north of the beach, whilst the buoy, at which the rescue had to be made was anchored at the southern end.
Only two heats were disposed of, and it was then decided, owing to the heavy and dangerous seas, to postpone the final until a future date.
As this is one of the most important surf competitions of the year, it is regrettable that the conditions were such as to make this course necessary.
First heat: North Steyne (holders of shield), North Bondi, 2.
Second heat: Freshwater, 1; Coogee Surf and Manly  Life-saving, dead heat, 2.
Wheelbarrow Race.- A. F. Davis and W. Allison (North Steyne), 1; W. R. Davis and R. T. Beale (North
Steyne), 2.
300 yds Beach Relay Race.-
First heat: J. W. Wilkins, W. Morgan, E. Nicholls, H. Nicholls (North Steyne), 1; S. M'Kelvey, K. G. Childers, R. Miller, F. Lancellen (Manly L.S.C.), 2.
Second heat: S. C. Wright, A. Wright, J. B. Westwood. V. Rowlands (Manly L.S.C), 1; A. Kelly, W. H. Allison, F. Bruce, H. Taubmaan (North Steyne), 2.
Third heat: A. F. Davis, H. Davis, H. J. Filschie (?), C. Hind (North Steyne), 1; C. G. R. Wilson, G. M'Kay, R. T. Beale, G. H. Betts (North Steyne), 2.
Fourth beat: F. H. Falls, P. Thompson, N. Holmes, W. P. Pigott (Manly L.S.C.), I; P. Piddington, H. Crispe, C. Michelson. H. Skinner (Manly Seagulls), 2.
Final: JF. W. Wilkins, W. Morgan, E. Nicholls, H. Nicholls (North Steyne), 1; S. C. Wright, A. Wright, J. B. Westwood. V. Rowlands (Manly L.S.C), 2; C. G. R. Wilson, G. M'Kay, R. T. Beale, G. H. Betts (North Steyne), 3.

The surf boat display by Mr. Fred Notting in the 'Big Risk' canoe, and the display by Mr. T. Walker on the Hawaiian surf board had to be abandoned, owing to the unsuitable weather.
Mr. Notting rowed his boat from South Steyne, but, in attempting to come in on a wave, was upset, and he seemed at one time to be in difficulties.
The North Steyne team prepared to go to his assistance, but Mr. Notting reached the shore unaided by clever use of the current.
A display, however, was out of the question.

Obstacle Race.- H. Davis (North Steyne), 1; J. W. Morgan (Manly L.S.C.), 2.
Pillow Fight.- B. Kirke (Manly L.S.C.) and F. A. Davis (North Steyne), tie.
Tug of War.- North Steyne defeated South Steyne.
The alarm reel race and the surf and beach race had to be abandoned, but several prominent surf swimmers gave an exhibition of shooting the waves.

The Hawaiian Star.
Honolulu, January 4, 1912, page 3.


It looks, from present indications,that unless some steps are taken at once to secure funds to send Duke Kahanamoku, Jr., to the Coast to take part in the Olympic trials next month the project will fall through.
There is about $230, the proceeds of a benefit sporting event, to the credit of the fund, and the Hui Nalu are thinking of giving a benefit performance of some kind in the near future.
George Freeth is also trying to get Duke to the Coast to fill a position in connection with one of the California baths.

It would be a good thing for Hawail from an advertising standpoint if Kahanamoku were sent to San Francisco to take part in the trials.
Win or lose, he can be relied on to make a creditable showing.
If he goes up, however, a manager must accompany him, who will look after his interests and put him next to the wiles and wrinkles of important amateur athletic competitions as conducted on the mainland.

In the coming trials competition will be as keen as mustard, and a little Intelligent coaching by one who knows is apt to make all the difference between winning and losing on the Hawaiian's part.
A trick of the game overlooked might put the local man in the background instead of in the limelight, where many think that he rightly belongs.
Kahanamoku's coach would have to see that his charge in no way violated his amateur status, a thing which, on account of his practical ignorance of the game, he might very easily do, and with the best intentions in the world.

George Freeth undoubtedly means well by offering to take Duke under his wing, but it is a safe bet that he would be classed as a professional within a month after his arrival in California.
Freeth sees a chance for the native to make a nice piece of money in California aquatics and incidentally an opportunity to profit
himself through intelligent exploitation of Duke.
Of course, from a professional stand point, this is all well and good, but  if Kahanamoku is to go to San Francisco and perhaps later to Stockholm on an amateur errand he must leave Hawaii under proper auspices.

There is reason for believing that W. T. Rawlins, an old Yale man, an admirer and believer in Kahanamoku, and one well versed in every phase of amateur athletics, contemplates a trip to the Coast shortly.
It would be an excellent thing, providing the financial obstacles were overcome and Mr. Rawlins were willing to have him take Kahanamoku under his wing and esquire him while away.
A thousand dollars is needed to send Duke away and to bring him back again.
An extra five hundred wouldn't hurt a little bit.
If Kahanamoku would make a proposition to swim a trial hundred yards before the best dockers in town, and succeeded in coming reasonably near to his recent record-breaking figures, there is no doubt that the necessary funds could be raised within a week.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, January 04, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Sydney Morning Herald
8 January 1912 , page 12.


The members of the newly formed Manly Life-saving Club held their first annual carnival at Manly on Saturday afternoon.

The beach presented a very pretty scene, and thousands of spectators followed the fancy dress procession along the route
The life-saving contributions were the best seen for some seasons, and the rescue and resuscitation event was keenly contested.
North Steyne were defeated on this occasion.
In the surf race some capital swimming was witnessed, notably that of L.V. Hind, who won the coveted trophy.
The results of the competitions were as follow -

Grand parade and march past of all surf clubs, Manlv Life-saving Club and North Steyne, dead heat.
Best comic character, Basil Kirke.
Best sustained character, H, Davies.
Wheelbarrow race, T.  Walker and L. Weeks (North Bondi), 1; J Morgan and H. Kelly (North Steyne), 2.
Rescue and resuscitatition competition, Bondi Surf Bathers, 1; Manly Life-saving Club, 2; Freshwater Surf Club, 3.
Surf race, L. V. Hind (North Steyne), 1; C. D. Bell (North Steyne), 2; S. M'Auliffe (Manly Life-saving Club), 3.
Three legged race, K. and H Nicholls (North Steyne), 1.
Pillow fight, W. Neve (Newcastle), 1, W. Knight (Little Coogee), 2.
Tug of war, North Steyne, 1.

1912 'MANLY CARNIVAL.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 8 January, p. 12, viewed 9 June, 2012,

The Hawaiian Gazette.
Honolulu, January 9, 1912, page 7.


The (Foral parade) poster for 1913 in all will embody a suggestion of Waikiki Beach and give a water scene such as a surf board rider coming in on the crest of a wave.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, January 09, 1912, Image 7

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Sun
Sydney, 11 January 1912, page 2.

Notwithstanding repeated cautions, a number. of surfers will persist in using surfboards, and a few Instances have occurred recently where people have been badly bruised by careless breaker-shooters.
The offenders usually chose a time when the police are away from the beach.
The members of the life-saving clubs check the practice as far as possible.

1912 'AMONG the BREAKERS', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 11 January, p. 2. , viewed 05 Nov 2016,

Clarence and Richmond Examiner
Grafton, 11 January 1912, page 8.

Swimming Carnival

The swimming carnival, promoted by Messrs. McGrath Bros. of Grafton, lessees of the Grafton Baths, was held yesterday at the foot of Duke-st, and attracted, about 700-people.
Most Comical Dive.- M. Walker
Musical Life Buoys.- E. B. Biden 1, C. Walker-; 2. About 20 entered.
This was conducted along the same principal as musical chairs in a parlour game.

1912 'Swimming Carnival.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), 11 January, p. 8, viewed 9 June, 2012,
Also note:


Centrals v. Railway Workers, at Grafton Oval, to-day:
Centrals will be represented by: ...  C. Walker,

1912 'Football.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), 15 June, p. 11, viewed 9 June, 2012,


Tho following is the list of further donations received in aid of St. Mary's now church up to, and including Friday, 23 rd May:-
Mr. C. Walker, sen. 16 - 6- 6.

1913 'St. MARY'S CHURCH.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), 27 May, p. 2, viewed 9 June, 2012,

Fire at Dorrigo.

Last week at Dorrigo, a building known as, the Shack, evidently the abode of a number of voung bachelors, and owned by. H Mr. F. Harrigan, was burned to the ground.
Mr. C. Walker was the sole occupant of the building when the fire was noticed (about 3 a.m.), by Mr. Spratt. and the sleeper was quickly aroused.
About  £70 worth of wearing apparel was lost, also £20 in notes, some silver, beds, bedding, tables, chairs, crockery, gun, School of Arts secretary's books; etc.
Besidès this, Mr. Chas. Walker, local officer in connection, with the forestry Department, lost valuable forestry books and papers. The building was insured, but the bachelors are mourning their losses.

1913 'Fire at Dorrigo.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), 21 June, p. 4, viewed 9 June, 2012,


Kyogle, 702 tons; Capt. Farrell, crossed the bar at 6 a.m. yesterday.
Passengers - ..., C. Walker,

1913 'SHIPPING.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), 12 August, p. 4, viewed 9 June, 2012,

Grafton Rowing Club.

The monthly meeting of committee was held at the Club shed last evening, Mr. C. G. Norrls, (hon. treasurer) presiding.
The following new members were elected : Active, H. C. Makinson, F. J. Barnard and J. Anderson. Honorary, C. Walker and E. Syer.

1913 'CRICKET.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), 2 December, p. 8, viewed 9 June, 2012,

Grafton Rowing Club.

... and C. Walker was transferred from the honorary to the active list.

1914 'Grafton Rowing Club.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), 6 January, p. 7, viewed 9 June, 2012,

The Brisbane Courier
Friday 12 January 1912, page 4.


Electors of the Clarence have subscribed a New Year's gift of £180 for Mr J. McFarlane, M.L.A., in appreciation of services rendered by him in the capacity of Parliamentary representative for 27 years.

Owing to the absence ot rain, the early maize crops on the Clarence have been greatly depreciated, and in places are being cut down for stock.

Copmanhurst Shire Council have levied a rate of 2d in the £- on unimproved values, and Grafton Municipal Council a rate of 4d in the £.

The lighthouse keepers on South Solitary Island, near Woolgoolga, have presented Mr. C. S. McKay with a surfing canoe as a surfing gift tor Christmas, in recognition of his services in furnishing them with information by means of the Morse flashlight svstem.
The islanders are seven miles from the land on almost unapproachable rock, and are very much isolated, so that news communicated to them in any form is greatly appreciated.

The Hawaiian Star
Honolulu, January 15, 1912, page 3.

Tho Public Service Association
places today at tho disposal of the
comltteo for raising funds to send
DukeKahanamoku East, resk room
and a stenographer.
In addition, it is sending out a re
quest to each of tho allied organiza
tions of tho public service that they
make appropriations.
It is practically certain that tho
Trail and Mountain Club, the Outrig
ger Club, the Boy Scouts, tho Hands
Around the Pacific Club, tho 100,000
Club, nnd possibly tho Civic Federa
tion will ench contribute a specified
Members of the allied organizations
will also be aBked to contribute. Fran
cis Bodge", who Joined the Trail and
Mountain Club ns a junior member,
has started tho ball rolling in that
organization with a five-dollar sub
scription, and Mr. Dickey of the Civic
Federation has sent his check for a
larger amount. The Trail and Moun
tain Club will probably make Its ap
propriation today, as will the 100,000
Club. The directors of tho Outrigger
Club meet Wednesday when tho mat
ter will bo brought up.
Anyone wishing to phono encour
agement can do so by calling up 330C
or calling In person nt the Public
Service rooms on King street.
John Sopor, of the A. A. U., B. von
Damni of the Promotion Committee,
and A. Q. Marcallno, of the Hut Nalu,
will receive and solicit subscriptions.
"There is somo talk of sending
'Dude' Lemon, the ex-champion surfer, with Duke to tho coast," said Alex
ander Hume Ford this morning.
" 'Dudo' Is still tho most skilful canoe I
man nt Walklkl, and one of thebcst
swimmers nnd trainers In the islands;
moreover, ho has uphold the reputa
tion of Hawaii many times in tho
states as a marksman In rifle contests.
His services can be secured as ho is
the constant chum of Duke, and he is
an efficient trainer."

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, January 15, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Evening Bulletin.
Honolulu, January 16, 1912, page 7.


The Hui Nalu Club of which Duke kahanamoku is a member, has set the evening of Saturday, January 27, as the date for its dance,
proceeds of which are going to the Duke traveling fund.
The entertainment will be given at the Young roof garden, and tickets will be $4 each.

Chronicling America
Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, January 16, 1912, 3:30 EDITION, Image 7

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Hawaiian Star.
Honolulu, January 16, 1912, page 3.

The Hui Nalu plans to give a dance in aid of the Duke Kahanamoku fund at the Young Hotel, January 27.

The Hui Nalu is not a rowing club at present.
Later on its members may take up that sport.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, January 16, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Evening Post
Wellington, New Zealand, Volume LXXXIII, Issue 17, 20 January 1912, page 14.

(By "Breaststroke")

The New Zealand Swimming Championships, beginning on 15th February, and continuing over four days, are apparently going to be every bit the suncess they deserve to be.
The Christchurch centre, which has, of course, the management of the tourney is hard at work with the many arrangements to be made.
The programme for the entertainment of the visitors will be a varied and comprehensive one, and will include driving picnics, harbour excursion, visits to Sumner, New Brighton, Belfast, Kaiapoi Woollen Mills, Islington, Riccarton Racecourse, and several of the sporting stables at Yaldhurst, with a theatre party, and probably a cricket match and "social."
One of the most pleasing as well as instructive items at a recent Kaiapoi carnival was "the exhibition of life-saving given by six members of the Christchurch Ladies' Life-Saving Club.
The methods of release and rescue of drowning persons were thoroughly depicted, and the rescued and rescuers were loudly cheered at the conclusion of the display. .
The team was under the command of Mr. G. E. Billson, instructor in life-saving.

This week there appeared a number of photographs in one of the New Zealand illustrated papers showing bathers using surf boards at New Brighton beach.
Perhaps a word of warning would not be out of place.
Some swimmers have imagined themselves in a very heaven of surfing lying, kneeling, standing on surf -boards and flying before the long low combers toward the beach.
And all this the experienced surfer can accomplish without danger.
In the hands of a tyro, however, the surf-board becomes an engine of destruction.
Imagine a board about five feet long, and an inch thick, weighted with an eleven-stone man, hurtling down towards the small of some unwary bather's back, and it is not difficult to understand wherein the trouble lies.
Only last week Sydney Sun had a word or two to say on the subject: "Notwithstanding repeated cautions, a number of surfers will persist: in using surf -boards, and a few instances have occurred recently where people have been badly bruised by careless breaker-shooters.
The offenders usually choose a time when the police are away from the beach.
The members of the lifesaving clubs check the practice as far as possible.
Let's hope they'll "keep off the grass" in Wellington.

Arrangements are well forward in connection with the combined carnival of the Worser Bay Swimming Club and the Seatoun Athletic Club, to be held at Worser Bay on Anniversary Day.
The entries for the swimming events are very satisfactory, and include several well- known swimmers from the town clubs.
During the afternoon an exhibition of life-saving will be given.
The foundation stone of the swimming club's new shed will be laid by Mr. W. H. D. Bell, M.P.

A week ago last Tuesday there was a mock sensation at Coogee, and the few people on the beach witnessed what they at first thought to be a surf tragedy, but which afterwards turned out to be merely a thrilling incident in a biograph picture.
A well-known city moving' picture company was busy preparing a big film, in which a surf; tragedy is one of the features, and in order that the acting would be done properly the services of four of the members of the Coogee Surf Club were requisitioned.
Shortly after 4 o'oclock Messrs. Frank Baker, Jim Slattery, Arthur White, and Jim Hughes went into the burf in a fishing boat, which was capsized close to the rocks under the Surf Club.
There were cries from the beach, and as the quartette played the parts of drowning men a good deal of apprehension was felt on shore as to their safety.
But while they were still struggling in the breakers the biograph man shut off his camera and the surfers climbed on to the rocks without any trouble.
There they stretched themselves out, and as the waves splashed on to them the moving picture operator turned his handle again.
The incident caused a sensation, at the outset, but the excited spectators were quick to realise what was going on in front of them, and afterwards enjoyed the acting that was neceseary to complete the picture.

National Library of New Zealand : PAPERSPAST
Evening Post, Volume LXXXIII, Issue 17, 20 January 1912, Page 14

The Daily Telegraph
27 January 1912, page 21.

(Freshwater Carnival)

A clever exhibition of surf board shooting was given by Mr. Walker, of the Manly Seagulls Surf Club.
With his Hawaiian surf board he drew much applause for his clever feats, coming in on the breaker standing balanced on his feet or his head.
The Sydney Morning Herald

Saturday 27 January 1912, page 18.


The annual Freshwater surf and life-saving carnival was held at Freshwater Bay yesterday.
The event was a decided success, and some excellent life-saving exhibitions were given by the various clubs

The starting point of the carnival was the Manly Pier, where a fancy dress procession was drawn up prior to marching through Manly to the beach at Freshwater.

A large crowd assembled to witness the carnival, its cliffs and hills overlooking the beach being thronged.
The various events were keenly contested and some fine feats were performed by the visiting surf clubs.

The competition for the Begg's Whisky Shield was decided and on this occasion the trophv went to Bondi.
North Steyne Life Saving Club were the previous holders of the shield.
A fine exhibition of surf-shooting was given by Mr. Fred Notting in the canoe "The Big Risk."
A programme of music by the band of the First Australian Contingent was rendered during the evening.

The results of the competitions were: -
Fancy dress parade: Indian Troupe 1; Best costume "The Rajah"; Best sustained character J. Walker. wal»" Grand parade of surf clubs: Manlv Life Savining, 1; North Steyne Life Saving Club, 2; Freshwater Surf Club, 3.
Treacle Apple race - E. Reddy (Freshwater), 1; Nicholls (N.S.), 2.
Rescue and Resuscitation Competition - Bondi, 1 (Team T. Walker, G. Lindsay, K. Grieve, J. Hunter, A. McPherson, J. J. Brown, A. M. Langon), Manly A team, 2; Manly B team, 3.
Carry-your-chum Race- R. Bowden and C. Neilson (North Steyne), 1; W. Allison and A. Davis  (North Steyne), 2.
Obstacle  Race- A. F. Davis (N. S.), 1; V. Allison (N.S.), 2.
Alarm Reel Race - Manly No. 1 team, 1 (A. Wright, K. Childers, N. McMillan, S. McCauliff) vii! <T->
Manly No. 2 team, 2; North Steyne No. 1 team, 3.
Cockfighting on Back- Weiks and W. Walker (North Bondi), 1; A. F. Davis and W. Allison (North Steyne), 2.
Pillow Fight- A. F. Davis
Surf Race- L. A. Hind (Norlh Steyne), 1; C. D. Bell (North Stevne), 2.
Twent seven entered the competition for the surf race which the winner succeeeded in pulling off with a good margin.
Pushball Competition - Freshwater No. 1 team, 1; North Steyne No. 2, 2, North Steyne No. 3, 3.

The West Australian
Perth,  Monday 29 January 1912, page 9.


The Victor Picture Company reopened Queen's Hall on Saturday evening.
Always interesting, "Pathe's Gazette," both of Australian happenings and affairs abroad, were budgets of topical brevities of the most attractive order, included among the collection being views of surf-bathing at Manly, following the hounds in England, English steeple chasing, novel torpedo flights through the snowy plains of Norway, and the burning down of one of Melbourne's old landmarks.

1912 'ENTERTAINMENTS.', The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), 29 January, p. 9, viewed 9 June, 2012,

The Sun
Sydney, Monday 29 January 1912, page 8.


Mishaps arising from the dangerous practice of shooting the surf on a board have been so numerous at the various beaches this season that drastic action on the part of the authorities seems necessary.
Yesterday a young lady was surfing at Coogee, when she was stunned by the blow of a reckless surf-shooter's board.
She was struck with considerable force, and knocked over in the water.
On being carried out and placed in the casualty-room it was found that the girl had collapsed, and the members of the life-saving brigade were on hour and a half in resuscitating her.

1912 'DANGER OF SURF-SHOOTING.', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 29 January, p. 8. , viewed 19 Apr 2016,

The Sun
Sydney, 31 January 1912, page 3.

One of the most urgent necessities In connection with surfing is the appointment of surf Inspectors, and delay in this respect is responsible for a number of abuses creeping into the pastime.
The surf-board fiend, the reckless breaker shooter, the hatpin danger, the indecent sunbaker, and the flimsily-costumed surfer require controlling.
These evils would speedily disappear if a number of members of the life-saving clubs were empowered to take action, and remove or prosecute people guilty of any offence detrimental to the good order of the beach and the
safety of the bathing public.

1912 'AMONG The BREAKERS', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 31 January, p. 3. , viewed 05 Nov 2016,

National Advocate
Bathurst, Wednesday 31 January 1912, page 3.

Dangerous Surf Boards
- SYDNEY, Tuesday.
Surf bathers are demanding that some action should be taken against the dangerous practice of shooting the surf by the aid of a board.
Bondi is the centre of the trouble.
A year ago the Council and surf clubs took action and made it known that no boards were to be brought into the surt on any pretence whatever.
They disappeared for the season, but this summer the danger is more prevalent than ever.
On Sunday very many were in evidence, and the owners shot hither and thither among the crowd like so many hydroplanes.
Scratches and bruises were sustained.
Once, however, a schoolboy, Frank O'Keefe, who lives at Botany-road, Waverley, was hit in the small of the back with considerable force.
The impact of the sharp--edged board cut through his costume, and cut and bruised his body severely.
Later a young lady, also a resident of Botany-street, was knocked on the head and stunned.
She sank immediately, and was submerged when several young men. noticed her plight.
The unfortunate girl was assisted ashore, where, with the aid of restoratives, she soon recovered.
Miss Polly Nelson, of Dawes Point, while surfing at Coogee on Sunday, was another victim to the reckless shooter with the surf-board.
She was knocked over in the water, and had to be carried out.
The St. John's Ambulance (Randwick division) were communicated with.
 She had collapsed utterly, and it took the members of the brigade an hour and a half's hard work before their patient had sufficiently recovered to return to her home.

1912 'Dangerous Surf Boards', National Advocate (Bathurst, NSW : 1889 - 1954), 31 January, p. 3. , viewed 19 Apr 2016, 

The Hawaiian Star
Honolulu, February 5, 1912, page 6.

You go and dive for my father, low water Was reached at last and
ho Is drowning, I'll tako the woman
Thcso wore tho words of little ftalph
Williams, tho nowest member of the
Outrigger club as ho strove to savo
tho life of Mrs. Carlson at Waiklkl
beach Saturday afternoon while ho
pleaded with his companion to savo
the life of a man who had sunk be
neath tho waters and whom ho be
lieved wan his father.
It was a dramatic rescue from start
to -finish. Thrco months ago young
Baluh Williams, the son of the new
Episcopal rector of St. Clements,
could not swim a stroke. Lately ho
has been ono of the Outrigger young
sters who go out dally to battle the
waves. Ralph had Jiwt come In at
sundown from the big surf nnd was
dragging his board up on tho beach,
when from far out came cries for help.
Tho boy thought someono was playing
In tho surf.
Alexander Hume ford was also on
tho beach In his bathing suit nnd,
seizing tho smallest canoe on tho
beach by Its outriggers, ho ran down
tho strand with It and plunged into
the water. Calling to young Williams
Duke Kahannmoku came up and took
tho woman on his board until he could
lift her In his arms and wado to the
beach, tho man In tho meantime seek
ing to caro for himself, but tired out
ho was seized with cramps and again
tho little ennoo had to go to his res
cue Finally both tho drowning people
were Enfely brought to the beach and
the native boys were sent out In a
canoe to noarch for tho missing body
of tho drowned man, who It was learn
ed from White, who was rescued, -was
bugler Shaffer from tho Colorado. Tho
two men from the Colorado were In
swimming and heard tho cry of a wom
an In distress. They put out In her di
rection and found Mrs. Carlson strug
gling in tho waves far beyond her
depth. White wns the better swim
mer and took chnrge of tho woman,
lie know his ch'um was drowning, but
could not let tho woman go. He called
for help, but tho place was far out and
It Is probable that tho first cries were
not heard.
The natlvo boys searched for the
body In a canoe, but on account of
the muddlness of tho water believed
to follow on his board he paddled for, tQ and
it.n l An .In Hint linlUinM 1111 ntlfl ' c
tho two heads that bobbed up and
down at sea.
It was seen now, by those ashore,
that there were three drowning peo
ple, two men and a woman. From
everywhero people now hurried to the
beach. The little canoe and the board
raced for the drowning trio. Tho ca
noe reached ono man and the woman
as the man' had given up and wis
going down while the woman floated
for a moment nnd sunk. Ford suc
ceeded In supporting the man ani
woman by holding on to the canoo
until Ralph Wllllums arrived with the
board, when placing the unconscious
woman on tho board ho turned to the
"Never mind about me," cried tho
feel along the bottom. A patrol was
sent from Uie Colorado to search for
tho body, but up to thto morning It
had not been recovered.
Speaking of the rescue this morning
Alexander Hume Fora said: "To re-
. allze that a thirteen-year-old boy could
display the true grit and bravery
shown by young Williams must make
every member of tho Outrigger club
feel proud or th0 organization that
develops sucb youngsters. The little
chap believed that his father was
drowning, but he had been given the
duty of saving tho life of a woman
and he stuck to it. Alone for at
five minutes this little fellow In water
beyond his depth kept an unconscious
woman on his surf board, while a

drowning man. "I'll try to hold on to (lrownlng nlnn aiso clung to the little
tno uoara, out mere s a man out mere, rlnnk an(1 he (lrovo that 1)oard wlth
ho's gone down."
"My father is out there, there Is no
ono else," cried young Williams. "Yon
tho woman in."
Ford know that ho could leave both
tho man and tho woman to such a boy,
so ho clambered Into the cockle shell
canoo and paddled out to dive for the
man who had given his life In an at
tempt to save a woman. But the water
was murky, and after, ono leap in the
its human freight toward shore and
reached shallow water before any
crown ncrson was succc.isiui in
and dive for my father, I'll tako u out t0 glvo a hand It ls some.
thing for a small boy to have to his
credit that, now to the ocean, he has
saved two human lives, but, come to
think of it, it has invariably been the
small boys at Waikiki that have done
the life saving. There aro the Hus
taco boys with a score of life savings
in thAlr credit, and none of them twen-
water Ford found that, where it had ty years of nR0 yet nt j takc off my
hnt tn voiinn Italnh Williams. He be-

been .-shoulder deep a fow weeks ago,
an ocean current had washed away
tho sand until It. was beyond his depth.
Onco more ho got Into' the canoe nnd
paddled back, to secure the native div
ing boys. Ho found young Williams
still handling tho two drowning peo
ple, tho woman on his board and tho
man clinging to It, tho boy pushing thP
board forward as hard as ho could
through water beyond h'.i depth. Shal-
lieved his father was drowning but did
not tor a moment desert tho woman
under his charge or swerve a second
from his dutv. I am proud of the Out
rigger club and tho manly boys it

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The Hawaiian star.
Honolulu, February 5, 1912, page 3.


No cable relative to the dates of the Olympic Games swimming trials is received by the local A. A. U. officials today.
Duke Kahanamoku and Vincent Genoves will leave for the mainland by U. S. S. Sierra sailing tomorrow morning.
Now that the money for their expenses has been subscribed the Hui Nalu members are strongly in favor of getting the swimmers away tomorrow in order that no chances may be taken on missing the dates of the try outs.

The A. A. U. people at this end are up in the air as far as definite information as to the dates of the Olympic trials is concerned.
They cabled for the dates of the "swimming championships" and have received them.
Now the question that is agitatlong them is whether the Olympic trials will be combined with the annual A. A. U. championships or will be a separate competition.
If the former is the case Kahanamoku and Genoves will be out of the Pittsburg events on February 22, which will consist of the 220 and 500 yards.
Entries for these races may be in a week ahead and this puts the local boys out of it good and effectually.
In Chicago on the 28 inst will be contested the 50 and 100 yards events.
Kahanamoku will be able to swim in these events but there will be nothing for Genoves except to keep Duke company and cheer him up.
W. T. Rawlins will accompany the swimmers and he is busy today purchasing seasonable clothes for them and other necessary supplies.


At a swimming carnival held last month In Sydney for the benefit of a fund for the purpose of sending a team of Australian swimmers to Stockholm to compete in the Olympic Games in July, some fine performances were put on record.
W. Longworth won the 440-yards championship of New South Wales in 5: 26 2-5.
His  time is only 2 3-0 seconds outside Frank Beaurepaire's world's record, equaled T. S. Battersby's English record and was some seconds better than the American record held by C. M. Daniels.
In the mile race, Longworth  won again his time being 24minutes  45 seconds.
The Australian record is to the late "Barney" Keirnan's credit at 23 minutes 16 4-5 seconds.
The 220-yard race was also won by Longworth.
Time 2: 27 2-5.
This constitutes an Australian record.
In the 100-yard championship Longworth swam the distance in 56 2-5 seconds, setting a new Australian record for the distance.


In the presence of about 2000 persons Duke kahanamoku and Vincent Genoves gave a free swimming exhibition in the Bishop slip yesterday.
Duke swam 100 yards in 57 2-5 seconds and fifty and fifty yards in twenty-five seconds.
Vincent swam half a mile in 14:56 1-2.

The following figures will be interestlng for purposes of comparison:
100 Yards
Kahanamoku's record  ...                       55 2-5.
Yesterday's time           ...                         57 2-5.
American amateur record, in tank ...    56.
50 Yards.
Kahanamoku's record  ...                        24 1-5.
Yesterday's time ...                                    25.
American amateur record, in tank ...     25 4-5.
Genovos' record ...                                 13.36 1-5.
Yesterday's time ...                                  14:56 1-2.
American amateur record, in  tank ...  11:44 4-5.

The timers were Messrs. Chilton, Hollinger, Hustace, Farron, Mayne, Lightfoot and Johnson.
The exhibition was conducted under the auspices of the Hui Nalu.
Major Hill of tbo U. S. S. California acted as starter.
H. Blackstone of the S. S. Kukui presided at the finish and John C. Anderson was the announcer.

the Y. M. C. A. ...
The first meeting will be held tomorrow afternoon at 3 o'clock and thereafter there will be regular class hours when the boys will be instructed in the manipulation of tools ...  and construct their surfing boards, furniture, wireless ... , boats, or whatever else incliation dictates.
The water carnival in connection with the Floral Parade festivals will be hold on the night of the 20th inst.
It is expected that more than 100 boats will be in line.
The Outrigger Club is making plans for its members to patrol Waikiki beach during the height of the tourist season.

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The Hawaiian Gazette.
Honolulu, February 6, 1912, page 3.

Colorado Seaman Drowns at Walkiki in Effort to Save Woman From Same Fate.
Volunteers From Fleet Search All Night for Body, but Without Success.
(From Sunday's Advertiser.)

In an effort to rescue a woman from drowning before their eyes late yesterdayafternoon, one seaman of the Colorado was drowned off the Moana Hotel and another came so closo to death that for n time it looked as though he, too, was to die.
The dead man is Frederick Shaffer, aged 26, a bugler on the cruiser, and his mate, who risked his life to aid him, is E. Wright, another bugler of the same ship.
The woman whoso danger led Shaffer to his end is Mrs. Carlson.

Late last night she was reported to be recovering from the shock to her nerves and the sea water she swallowed.
Although a patrol party of twenty men, under the command of Midshipman Esling, sent out to patrol tho beach from the Seaside Hotel to the Inn, stripped and swam and dove all over the section ot water between tnose two points inside the reef the body of Shaffer bad not been recovered at the time of going to press.
The work of the patrol lasted for hours under the light of the early moon, and will be resumed again this morning.

Screams for Help.

Mrs. Carlson's screams for help and her frantic efforts to lift herself out of the water when she found herself going down attracted the attention of a large crowd at the beach shortly after five o'clock.
Shaffer nnd Wright were nearest to the sinking woman and without hesitation they dashed into the sea.
She was then about one hundred yards off the end of the concrete wall that runs into the sea.
A number of other bathers also nuiflo for the woman but Shaffer and Wright reached her first.
Neither or the men were good swimmers apparently, for hardly had they got their hands upon her when they all three sank.
Wright, the stronger, managed to struggle to the surface, still clinging to the woman, just as Alexander Hume Ford in an outrigger canoe, came surging up beside him.
Ford sjiranc out of his canoe into the wnter and swimming an overhand stroke, reached Wright and his burden in time to keep the bugler from sinking a second time.

Boy to the Rescue

When he left the shore at the first alarm Ford had had presence of mind enough to call out to Ralph Williams, a boy who had been a member of the Outrigger Club but a month, to come out with a surfboard.
Williams obeyed and paddled out to the struggling trio just as Ford was himself becoming exhausted with his efforts to support the other two.
Mrs. Carlson was still struggling wildly with her rescuers and it was with dtfflculty that young Master Williams and Ford managed to get her on the surf board.
Then, while Williams and Wright paddled slowly back to shore Ford began the search for Shaffer's body.
Even in the excitement of the moment Wright did not forget his companion and begged Ford to save Shaffer.
In the meantime Duke Kahanamoku had been summoned from the bathhouse where he had been changing his clothes, and arrived at the beach in time to aid Williams and Wright, almost spent, struggling in towards shore.
He went Into the water and helped them ashore with their load.
He picked up the unconscious woman and carried her into the hotel where she was at once taken upstairs to a room and cared for by the housekeeper.
Later in the evening she was brought into town.

No Trace of Shaffer.

Duke, after leaving the woman in good hands, went back to where Ford and a number of other bathers were busy trying to find the body of Shaffer, who had never shown his head above water after the fatal last time down.
Other Hawaiian swimmers joined in the search, but do what they could they could not discover a trace of the body.
As soon as the accident was reported on the Colorado, volunteers were asked for to patrol the beach, and twenty men were selected of the crowd that came forward.
They did not know what they were going for, but volunteers were asked and every man of them was ready for work of any kind.

Esling In Command.

Midshipman Esling took command of the party, which arrived at the beach before soven o 'clock, and started in their gruesome work.
Men were detailed in twos to patrol duty, others were told to wade out as far as they could, and still others, the best swimmers, went out farther and by diving tried to locate Shaffer's body.
For two hours they kept up the diving work, and then patroled the beach for five hundred ynrds in each direction for hours watching for the first glimpse of the body to be given up by the waves.
Shaffer was born in Wilkesbarre.
He had served in the navy for three years and seven months and was a bugler on board the cruiser.
It is expected that the body will be found today and burial will take place in the narval plot in Nuuanu cemetery.

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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, February 06, 1912, Image 3

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The Hawaiian Gazette.
Honolulu, February 6, 1912, page 5.


Serious criticism has been aimed at young Duke Kahanamoku for an alleged refusal on his part to dive for the body of Roderick Shaffer, the navy bugler drowned at Waikikl Saturday, when there was still a possible chance that the man's life could be saved.
Statements havo been freely made that young Duko based his refusal on the ground that the water was too muddy and that he would be unable to see.
Duke's statement was taken yesterday.
He says:
"I was, in the Moana dressing to go downtown," said Duke, yesterday, "when some one rushed in and said that there was a woman drowning, asking me to come out and 'get' her, I went outside and saw her struggling in the water and at once rushed in and put my tights on, got my surf board and started out after her.
"I reached the spot at the same time that Ford and Ralph Williams did.
I got the woman's arms around my neck and was helped in with her by the others.
They were slow and she was becoming unconscious as I finally got her to the bath-house.
Some one dressed her and I was asked to carry her up to a room in the Moana which I did.
Then I went out again and I heard there was a man missing.
I and other Hui Nalu boys saw two sailors on surfboards a long way out and drifting out to sea.
They were unable to get back and so I and the others went out and brought them back.
"I was asked to dive for the other man as I was carrying the woman in.
The water was very muddy and I knew that nothing in it could be seen, and as I went I told the other Hui Nalu boys who were on the beach to keep a watch all over and look for any commotion anywhere.
Thrre -were plenty of other people on the beach."

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The Hawaiian Star.
Honolulu, February 7, 1912, page 3.


Duke Kahanamoku, Jr., and Vincent Genoves will leave for the mainland by the S. S. Honolulan sailing tonight.
They will be accompanied by Lew G. Henderson and "Dude" Miller.

It was decided at the Iast moment to send Miller along.
He knows the boys intimately and can talk Hawaiian, a fact which should be of great help to the expedition as far as Kahanamoku is concerned.
Miller is president of the Hui Nalu, under whose auspices the two local boys are being sent to the mainland.

Entries were cabled last night by John Soper as follows:
Kahanamoku 50, 100 and 220 yards.
Genoves 500 yards and 800 yards should there be a race at the latter distance
Henderson and Miller will have their expenses paid, but will receive no remuneration in the way of salary

The following subscriptions to the expense fund were received yesterday:
Morris Rosenbledt, $10; Good Friend, $20; Woman's Auxiliary of the Outrigger Club, $25.

While there has been some rather pointed discussion as to whom should accompany tho swimmers to the mainland and some little criticism, it should be remembered that the boys are being sent away by public subscriptlon and that they are going under the auspices of the HUI NALU, to whom the fund will be turned over, and NOT under the auspices of any local promotion body.

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The Sun
Sydney, 7 February, page 9.

Saturday and Sunday were ideal days, for surfing, and there were record attendances at all the beaches.
On Sunday at Bondi Beach a woman surfer collapsed in the water through being bumped by a reckless breaker-shooter, and was removed from the beach for medical attention.
In view of the increase in the number of accidents in this direction, and, the escape of offenders, it is not unlikely that the male friends of ladies who suffer at the hands of "shooters" will use forcible or other means to check the dangerous practlce.

There is ample room on this fine stretch of beach for "shooting the breakers," and no excuse can be found for persons indulging In the pastime among crowds of women, children, and timid bathers.
The members of the life saving clubs helped to check the surf-board fiend, who was also in evidence on Sunday.

1912 'AMONG THE BREAKERS.', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 7 February, p. 9. , viewed 05 Nov 2016,

The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser
Wednesday 7 February, p. 53.

About once a month, while the nor'-easters prevail, the surfer manages to get a really good sea for surfing on sheltered beaches, but on those which present a bolder front to the ocean the sport is more frequently obtained.
On a few beaches surf-boards have been in use, but these should be stopped at once, before anyone is killed.
No matter how skilfully they may be used, surf-boards in a crowd are highly dangerous.
In Samoa and other islands where surfing is carried on cleverly with boards, men stand erect upon them, and even stand on one another's shoulders as they glide gracefully shoreward on the crests of combers.
They have brought the sport to perfection in Samoa, but they never get closer to each other with the boards than about 25 yards apart.

1912 'IN THE WORLD OF SPORT.', The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), 7 February, p. 53. , viewed 19 Apr 2016,

The Hawaiian Star.
Honolulu, February 8, 1912, page 3.


The Hui Nalu and several hundred of the general public were present at the Matson wharf yesterday afternoon when the S. S. Honolulan pulled out  for San Francisco with the Olympic games swimming expedition aboard.

Duke Kahanamoku and Vincent Gonoves were literally smothered with leis and were the recipients of countless good wishes from friends and well-wishers.

Lew G. Henderson and "Dude" Miller went with the swimmers in the capacity of guides, philosophers and friends.

Duke and "Zen" promised the crowd that they would do their best and Henderson said that he would see to it that they did, in as far as lay in his power.

The Hui Nalu gave their club yell, a quintette club sang "Aloha Oe,'' Berger's band struck up "Auld Lang Syne," and it was off and away with the speedy water artists on whom the Territory is banking to bring her much fame and advertisement.

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The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, February 08, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 3

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The party also included a "paid" journalist from the Hawaiian Star.

The Sun
Sydney, 14 February 1912, page 5.


Owing to the vigilance exercised by the members of the life-saving clubs at Bondi, no surf boards were used on Saturday and Sunday.
The surf-board maniac was in evidence on the beach at Freshwater for about a quarter of an hour on Sunday, but the prompt action of the "man in blue" prevented any likelihood of danger to bathers near the shore.
The careless "shooters'.' should also
be looked after.

1912 'AMONG The -- BREAKERS', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 14 February, p. 5. , viewed 12 Apr 2016,

The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, February 14, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 3

With tho assistance of tho ProniO'
Hon Committee and the Public Serv
Ice Association the Outrigger Club"dTd
its sharo In entertaining tho Clevc-
landers. Arrangements were mads
with Ell Crawford to bring a village
full of his Kallhl canoeists and their
families to populate tho grass houses
at tho Outrigger grounds and pull oft
all kinds of native canoe races, but
Ell fell down on his part of the pro
gram and It was necessary to send a
hurry call to Oahu College for young
Mnrston Campbell and his cohorts to
come' down and operate their surf
boards and canoes In the waves.
Crawford did, however, work per
sonally like a Trojan, and later in tho
day several of his standbys sauntered
down to tho club grounds to help him
prepare and eat the pig and pol. Ern
est Kant sent his famous quintet, and
when tho Clevolanders finished their
round of the city at noon they were
landed at Walklki Jn time to so Craw.
ford put the finishing touches on lils
Imu and bury tho taro with tho hot
stones under the sand. After lunch
the pig was put In tho bed of hot
stones and sand-was piled over Mr.
Pig on his bed of leaves.
While the pig was being baked un
derground the youngsters on tho club
got out their canoes and surfboards
and did stunts In tho surf. The Kn
mehameha Aquatic Club boys were
afraid to bring their canoes around
from Kallhl, but the Outrigger young
sters made nothing of toying with the
biggest waves in sight with their
smallest surfboards.
J When It came to digging up the taro
pondlng It into pol with tho old
. inntlve stone pounders, the Cleveland-
to taking the pig out of the imu, every
photographer from the big cruiser
seemed to be present. Everyone had
a taste of the pig, and everyone de
clared that never was there such a
pig. Many tried pol but there were
I more frequent comebacks for the pig.
Ernest Kaal's quintet bethought them
of playing and singing dance music
on the big lanal, and the Clevolanders
'took to the Idea with a vim. In the

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The Sun
Sydney, 14 February 1912, page 5.


It is to be hoped that the lead given by the police at Freshwater In ridding the beach of the surf-board maniac will be followed
at every other bathing centre.
As is usual in all such cases the pest is essentially a selfish individual.
He shows no consideration for the pleasure and safety of others.
As long as he is able to obtain a good "shoot" he cares not for anybody.
These boards have been responsible for many cases of injury in the surf, and it is to be hoped that they will be removed before a fatality occurs.

It would be the simplest thing imaginable for a board to rupture the kidneys or some other organ, and that is what will happen unless the authorities interfere.
The Helensburgh and Stanwell Park Surf Club launched their new surf-boat In the presence of a large gathering of members and
Mrs. A. Williams gracefully performed tho ceremony of naming the boat the Grace Darling, and Mr. Nicholson, M.L.A., President Kirton, and Councillor Yullo (of the shire council), Mr. John Robertson (president of the surf club), and others expressed their pleasure at the prosperity of the club.

1912 'AMONG The BREAKERS', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 21 February, p. 9. , viewed 05 Nov 2016,

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 26 February 1912, page 13.?


The fourth carnival of the Manly season was held at South Steyne on Saturday afternoon when the Manly Seagulls held their first meeting.
A big crowd witnessed the events, and the competitors had a very rough time owing to the heavy sea breaking in at the southern end of the beach.

Several visiting surf club teams competed.
The beach had been roped off with the permission of the local council.
The surf race provided some very good swimming, and considering the heavy rollers coming in, the competitors put up a splendid performance.
S. Wright (Manly Surf Club) won the event with L. V. Hind (North Steyne) a close second.

The ground parade and march past was a striking feature of the carnival evoking applause from the spectarors.
The comic element was largely introduced into the proceedings.
The winners of the first prize in the fancy dress procession had a tableau entitled "Caught 'pinching' in the Surf Club sheds."

The submarine explosion conducted by the Royal Australian Engineers was a decided novelty and passed off very successfulIy.
Results :-

The Sun
Sydney, 28 February, page 9.

Though the practice of using surf-boards among the bathers on the beaches has been condemned in this paper time and again, it still continues, though not to such an extent as in previous years.
Serious accidents have been caused in this mariner, and the police and councils should use their powers to the utmost extent in putting down the.evil.

1912 'AMONG The BREAKERS', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 28 February, p. 9. , viewed 05 Nov 2016,

The Hawaiian Star.
Honolulu, March 1, 1912, page 3.


The revenue cutter Thetis' pet bear will take the water at the Waikiki Inn tomorrow afternoon.
By this be it known that he will take the sea water and at anything in the aerated line, thank you.
The bear, whose name is Theophilus, named after the most excellent Theophilus, is chiefly responsible for any measure of fame which may attend the Thetis outside of Sailor Jenson, who challenges.
It will ride on a surf-board tomorrow, catch and devour a live chicken on the silvery, sllvery sand, play with the children, say its prayers, chew tobacco and perform a number of other interesting feats.
Come early and stay all the afternoon watching the instructive and diverting antics of the only bear in Christendom who puts on and takes off his own bathing drawers!

Chronicling America
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McMaster University

The Sydney Morning Herald
Friday 1 March 1912,
page 8.

Messrs. J. E. West and Robert Howe, Ms.P.,
have booked passages by the Steamer Makambo, leaving at 10 a.m. to-morrow for the New Hebrides, via Lord Howe and Norfolk islands.
The steamer will also carry Mr.
and Mrs. C. D. Paterson and a party of tourists arranged for by the Government Tourist Bureau.

1912 'PERSONAL.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 1 March, p. 8, viewed 30 August, 2013,

VIRGINIA BEACH, Va. - A celebration of 100 years of surfing at Virginia Beach starts week at the Old Coast Guard Station.

The station chose August to begin honoring James Matthias Jordan Jr.'s introduction of surfing to the Atlantic coast. He received a surfboard from an uncle in 1912.

The Virginian-Pilot ( reports an exhibit at the station includes old photos, surfboards and images of some of Virginia Beach's surfing legends.

The exhibit opens Tuesday and runs through Oct. 14. It costs $4 for adults, $3 for seniors and military members, and $2 for children under 18. It's free for children under 6.

The Hawaiian Star.
Honolulu, March 6, 1912, page 3.


According to Lew G. Henderson, manager of the Hawaiian swimming expedition, Secretary Levy of the 1915 exposition states that he will put on an exhibition of surf-riding, canoe surfing, body surfing and diving and swimming during the fair and that an expert team from Honolulu will be invited to visit the Coast to take part in these aquatics.

The reason why Kahanamoku and Genoves will swim in Chicago on March 12 and 13, is that President E. C. Brown announced that the Chicago tests for the Olympic swimming team would be held on March 12.
This announcement caused Manager Henderson change plans to have his man in Chicago on that date to compete.

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The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, March 12, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 3

M. Frlotcls, tho
record holder, is
local athlcto
in receipt of
, tho folIowinB letter from his brother,
Dr. H. E. Frlcscl of Pittsburg, dated
February 20:
I Denr trank: Messrs. Henderson,
didn't look mo up, so I had Charlie
i Miller, who is now director of nth
letlcs at the University of Pittsburgh
land who was referee at the races
He swam well with them but lost
ono and one-half to two yards on
every turn. Ho would swim up to the
wall, then a yard along the wall anil
than out.
Ho was beaten about twenty-five
yards in lite heat, but as there were a
good many turns you can see where
he lost out. Also the officials missed
the count and uis heat ran eleven
trips, instead of ton. I kept count
myself and was probably the only one

horo who knew of the error.
l talked to Duko on Friday night
nnd told Mr. Henderson how to watch
him on his enting especially when ho
is getting strango cooking every day.
Advised him to cut his rations In half.
I guess It must hnvo helped his con
dition some as he certainly mado
good Saturday night, by winning his
heat in tho fifty yards by four yards
In tho finals he won the fifty yards
and tho 100 yards by about two feet
each. He was swimming against a
Chicago Athletic Club man who, I un
derstand, holds the A. A. U. record at
fifty yards.
The place was filled with a nice
crowd of spectators, and Duko was
brought out wrapped in tho American
flag and introduced by A. R. Hamil
ton. He had the crowd with him from
tho start, and he certainly can swim.
Ho only did fnlr on tho turns but
mado up on tho straight-nway. The
Chicago man was awful close to him,
We invited the whole party over to
Asplnwall for dinner on Sunday, but
as Mr. Henderson was anxious to take
them to Philadelphia, and wanted to
make a daylight trip of it, we didn't
have the pleasure of entertaining
them ns we would have liked.
Duke showed mo his picture album.
When he gets homo I want you to
have him autograph ono of those
large photos showing him standing on
his head on a surf board, and send it
to me so I can frame it for the of
fice. Your brother,

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, March 12, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 3

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Evening Bulletin.
Honolulu, March 12, 1912, page 6.


Mrs. Grace A. Fendler Says He ...

Chronicling America
Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, March 12, 1912, 3:30 EDITION, Image 6

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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, March 22, 1912, Image 5


Duke and Genoves Remain for a Few Days - Henderson on Honolulan.
Lew Henderson, manager of the Hawaiian swimming exhibition  mhln.i to John  Soper yesterday that he is coming home.
Lew apparently is passing up no more bots in the matter of cabling the important things regarding the trip!
His brief message, dated San Francisco, follows:
"Henderson returning Honolulan
Duke Zon next Lurhuc.'
This information also arrived in Honolulu on Monday's mail through a postal card addressed to A. Q. from Philadelphia!
it is supposed that Duke and Genoves
have some exhibition races on in San Francisco, and that they have remained several days longer to add still further laurels to those already won by the expedition, Genoves had a arrangement for a swim with 'oinroy, the Olympic Club expert, and Duke also probably has hit up an
arrangement for competition with some of the Coast short distance men.

There isn't any place in America now that hasn't heard of Hawnii's world-beating swlmmor, and challengers will be legion.
This is the way the press heralded the appronch of Duke in Chicago, after his races in the west:
"Duke Kahanamoku, the Hawaiian swimmer, accompanied by his manager, Lew Q. Henderson, E. K. Miller; president or the Hui Nau ("Ocean Wave" Club) of Hawaii and Vincent Genoves, a distance swimmer, arrived in Chicago yesterday. will practise nightly in the new C. A. A. tank for the 100 and 50 yards National  A. A. U. swims in which he will compete, March 13.

"Kahanamoku, is considered one of the best swimmers in the world and his style is different from anything ever seen before in this country. Unaccustomed to indoor swimming, which differs considerably from that of outdoor, the dusky Hawaiian has won every race which he entered in since his arrival in this country, with the exception of a 220-yard swim at the Pittsburgh Athletic Club, Feb. 22.
On this occasion he was taken with cramps in the nun lap and quit, in an invitation meet, Feb. 25, he led the spocdioU of the Pittsburgh swimmers to the tapo in tho nnd tho 100-yard
dashos, making 0:25 and 0:57 2-5 respectively.
In a Tnca with Goodwin
and Frizdllo at tho City Athletic Club
meet in JNcw York no won tlio 100-yard
swim in 0.57 2-5.

' ' An idea of what the Hawaiian wonder can do in a straightaway race may bo obtained by what he accomplished in an Invitation meet at the University of Pennsylvania tank Feb. 27.
This tank is 100 foot long and in a match with Shyrock, the eastern uiu ciitiuiiuuu, nu swam mo iirsc 1UU
foot in 0:1'4 1-5 and won tho raco With
a mnrk .of 0.50 2-s.
"Kahnnamoku'8 first raeo tigninst
timo wns Aug. 12 at Honolulu. Until
that timo tho swarthy natator was
satisfied to surf rldo with tho natives
and swim occasional match races
against thorn. Although ho is pear of
tlio Hawaiian swimmers thoro aro, according
to hia ninnugor, ninny moro in
Hawaii who could comparo favorably
with tho best in America,
Surf riding is the national sport, and it is to early practise at the game that Kahanamoku attributes his skill in the water.
From earliest youth the natives of these islands swim in the surf and thus acquire phenomenal skill as swimmers, canoe paddlers and divers.
"Duko Kalmnamoku is not a nativo
nobjo ns is generally supposed, Dako
being his first name. Ho is 21 years
old, six foot tall and weighs 185
pound. It is thh intention' of his manager,
to ontor him in tho National A.
A. U. contests with tho object of
sending him to Stockholm with tho
American Olmpic team to compete, (n
tho fifty and 100-yard swim evunts
"E. K. Miller has promised S. Levi of the 1915 San Francisco Panama Exposition committee, to bring over a number of the representative divers, swimmers, surf riders and canoe riders from Hawaii for exhibitions and contests with the native 'waterdogs.' "

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, March 22, 1912, Image 5

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The Hawaiian Star.
Honolulu, March 26, 1912, page 3.


The A. A. U.'s board of governors met yesterday afternoon and discussed the date for this year's swimming championships.
June 11 has been favorably considered as a date for the natatorial competitions.
Representatives of the Healanis, Myrtles, Puunenes and Hui Nalu will get together in a few days to make definite arrangements with regard to the meet.
The rowing championship will be decided as usual in September.
Last year's swimming championships were held in August.

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The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, March 26, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 3

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The Sun
Sydney, 27 March 1912, p. 12.

The police on duty at Bondi Beach on
Saturday and Sunday kept a good look-out for the indecent-costumed individual and surf-board fiend, and the latter, when detected and his surf-board smashed, and was warned that a repetition of the offenoe would involve the offender in trouble.
vigilance of the police in the control of the beach is praiseworthy, and has caused this surfing resort to be considered the best conducted in the State.


1912 'AMONG -- BREAKERS', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 27 March, p. 12. (FINAL EXTRA), viewed 12 Apr 2016,

The Sydney Morning Herald.
Thursday 28 March 1912, page 10.


The Government has gazetted an ordinance relating to public baths and bathing-places, but the only new feature is that which governs surf shooting.
Clause 10 reads as follows: "Where any inspector considers that the practiceof surf shooting (I.e.. riding on the crest of the breaking wave), whether with or with-out a surf board, is likely to endanger or inconvenience other bathers, such inspector may order bathers to refrain from such practice or to remove to a place where such practice will not cause danger or inconvenience.
Bathers shall comply with such orders.
Any inspector may take possession of any surf board used in contravention of his or another inspector's orders, and retain it until the bather from whom it was taken resumes his ordinary dress, or until such inspector considers that surf boards may again be used without endangering or inconveniencing the public."

1912 'NEW SURFING REGULATIONS.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 28 March, p. 10. , viewed 05 Nov 2016,

Sydney Morning Herald
29 March, 1912, page ?


The already large nod constantly increasIng public interested In our ocean beahes should welcome the bathing regulations gazetted this week.
They cover a good deal of ground, and, what is more important, in doing so they touch most of the defects arising from lax supervision of the benches.
Many of the prohibitions are merely those which have long been operating- in respest of public baths.
But, very properly, the expansion ot the public bath into the national recreation of surfing has been regarded as giving suftlclent reason for extending those rules of the bath to the open beaches.
Other of the regulatIons are quite new, and as to those it is satlsfactory to find that an embargo has been laid upon the offensive surf-shooter.
While and wherever surf-shooting is practised in an open bathing space, collisions wilI sometimes be unavoidable.
The breakers are no respecters or persons, and are not by any means to be handled by government regulatlon.
Very otten it is the sheer sportiveness of the incoming wave that projects the shooter upon his unwary victim.
But occasionally it is malice aforethought that sends a swimmer hurtling upon the crest of a wave
straight and swift to collision.
It is right that a watch should be kept upon the practice.
As to the use ot the surf board, it should not be allowed at all where a number of bathers are congregated.
It was never intended for crowded beaches, and its use by skilled native swimmers as at Honolulu, Is safeguarded in the first place by their skIll, and in the second place by the fact that there are no such crowds to be negotiated as is the case here.
Useful provisions are to be noted also in regard to costumes, sun-basklng, and the privacy
of enclosures.
The regulations repeat certain well recognised rules of behaviour in public bathing places.
As to that, perhaps the most frequent source or complaint now existing is due to the presence or a rough element in the sheds and enclocures.
It should be made an important functIon of bath supervision to handle any offensiveness so arising with summary vigour and despatch.
Surf-bathing is much too valuable a recreation to be spoiled by the hoodlums who are, after all, in a large minority by comparison ith the beach-using public.
Many things remain to be done, or course, before our surf-bathing can be regarded as more than primitive in its establishment.
We have ideal beaches, splendid water, and unsurpassed natural surroundings generally.
What we lack is the enterprise to turn them to best account.
The beach provision in the continent of Europe and Amerlca would astonish the municipal authorities of our ocean suburbs.
With scarcely any of our natural provision to work upon, enterprise and organisation have established in the thousand places in other countries waterside resorts or superb attractiveness. With us,  Manly and Coogee and Bondi remain very largely in their natural state, or, what is far worse,
are disfigured by the gross vandalism of the sheds that are the only beach structures we appear to have thought of.
A seawall cannot equip a beach as a recreation resort while there remain above and beyond it desolate wastes ot rock and sand, or unlovely lines of weatherboard shop fronts and fragmentary trees.
We badly need a landscape gardener for the beautification of many aspects of Sydney.
Our beaches in particular would provide him with a great opportunIty.
But their worst need, at present, is an enlightened municipal control, far-seeing enough to discern in them the possibilities that have been so finely utilised in other beaches on other oceans.

- Noted in S&G Champion: Drowning, Bathing and Life Saving (2000) page 179.

Sydney Mail
17 April 1912, page 48.

Duke Kahanamoku, the sensational Ha
waiian swimmer, who is likely to be at the
Olympic Games, is a product of the famous
Waikiki beach resort. The 'Duke' is a
native born Hawaiian, just 21 years of age,
and a perfect specimen of athlete. He stands
six feet tall, and weighs, in swimming cos
tume, 175 pounds.
Since a mere boy, Kahanamoku . has spent
most of his days in the sheltered waters of
Diamond Head, where, as a surf rider, he
became expert in that spirited form of plea
sure. As his athletic frame matured with
hours of exposure and his dally contact with
the surf increased his strength, Kahana
moku mastered the open waters in the vl*
cinity of Honolulu Until his phenomenal
speed proved him a human fish.
In July of last year the Hawaiian branch
of the Amateur Athletic Union was or
ganised, and in August the first swimming
tournament Was held under the auspices of
that body. All of the courses were
covered in open water, and straightaway be
tween the docks at Honolulu. This was
Duke Kahanamoku's first appearance as a
competitor. In all three events in which
he participated he outdistanced the best of
the Hawaiian swimmers by 20 yards, and
was timed by five watches as follbws:— Fifty
yards,. 0.24 1-5; 100 yards, 0.55 2-5; and the
220 yards, 2.42 3-B.
Although a native of Porto Rico, Vincent
Genoves,. the Duke's swimming, partner,
owes his development to th&; companion/ship
of the Hawaiian swimmers.

1912 'HAWAIIAN HUMAN FISH.', Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), 17 April, p. 48. , viewed 06 Nov 2016,

The Hawaiian Star.
Honolulu, May 7, 1912, page 3.


The Hui Nalu, made famous by reason of the membership of Duke Kahanamoku, intends to branch out in the near future.
It intends to foster in the near future swimming, canoeing, rowing and athletic sports generally.
At a recent meeting the following officers were elected:
President, W. T. Rawlins; vice-president, Lew G. Henderton; secretary, William King; treasurer, Alex. May.
The club has decided to look after the expenses of Duke Kahanamoku out of its own treasury and will not appeal to the public again for funds unless such becomes absolutely necessary.
There will be a meeting of the club tomorrow night.
The club intends to play a strong hand in the coming water carnival at which the A. A. U. swimming championships will be decided and expects to uncover another Kahanmoku in the sprint events.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, May 07, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 3

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The Hawaiian Star.
Honolulu, May 10, 1912, page 8.


The bear mascot from the Thetis who afforded so much amusement to the onlookers at the beach several weeks ago is scheuled to make a second appearance in front of the Waiklki Inn at one o'clock tomorrow afternoon, from which time until four he will bathe in the surf, ride the breakers and otherwise prove his entertaining qualities.
Visitors are requested to equip themselves with a plentiful supply of peanuts.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, May 10, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 8

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Evening Bulletin.
Honolulu, May 15, 1912, page 5.


The night of Saturday, May 25, is the time finally set by the Hui Nalu Club for the benefit dance which it is to give to raise further funds for Duke Kahanamoku's trip to Stockholm.
The affair is to be held at the Outrigger Club, and tickets will be sold at 50 cents each.
W. T. Rawlins, Lew Henderson, Alex. May and E. K. Miller form the committee that has been attending to the arrangements.

Chronicling America
Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, May 15, 1912, 3:30 EDITION, Image 5

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Evening Bulletin.
Honolulu, May 16, 1912, page 5.

An unusually large number of surf board riders were in evidence at Waikiki yesterday
The surf was running very high.

Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, May 16, 1912, 3:30 EDITION, Image 5
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The Sydney Morning Herald
Friday 24 May 1912, page 8.

Their Excellencies the Governor-General and Lady Denman, attended, by Lord Richard Nevill and Captain Nutting, were present at the Commemoration at the University yesterday afternoon.
The Lord Mayor, Alderman G. T. Clarke, entertained the members of the executive committee of the Hospital Fund at dinner at the Town Hall last night.
The following
gentlemen were present:- ... , C. D. Paterson, ...

1912 'PERSONAL.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 24 May, p. 8, viewed 30 August, 2013,

Evening Bulletin.
Honolulu, June 8, 1912, page 6.


The Hawaii Promotion Committee yesterday received communication from the Hul Nalu acknowledging with thanks the action of the committee in appropriating $25 a month toward the expenses of Duke Kahanamoku, the Hawaiian swimmer now in the East and a prospective entrant  at the Olympic games in Stockolm.
The committee appropriated the money some weeks ago

Chronicling America
Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, June 08, 1912, 3:30 EDITION, Image 6

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The Sydney Morning Herald
12 June 1912, page 19.

SUEZ, May 11.
Tho voyage of the Osterley from Colombo, has been marked by no untoward incident.
Since leaving Ceylon the weather has continued very warm, reaching its climax on the first day in the Red Sea, when the moist and clammy heat prevented any activity at all.
The team thoroughly enjoyed the day's stay, at Colombo, coming, as it did. after a nine days' spell on the water.
At Mount Lavinia, about seven miles from Colombo, the sight of an oxpitnso of beach, with the surf rolling in, was too much for the swimmers, who promptly stripped and plunged in.
Their example was followed by the others of the team, and a pleasant half hour was spent in shooting the waves of the Indian Ocean.
Unfortunately, Longworth managed to cut his foot slightly on a piece of rock, and the wound has given him some inconvenience, but is now almost healed.
The surf-bathing at the Mount is very popular in Colombo.
The appointments aro up-to-date, including; a dressing-shed, showers, and a small springboard extending over the surf.
The spot waa visited later in the day by the other members of tho swimming section.
Cecil Healy, who was the guest of business people in the city, and the popular captain of the Manly Surf Club, greatly enjoyed the dip.

1912 'OLYMPIC TEAM.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 12 June, p. 19. , viewed 09 Nov 2016,

The Hawaiian Gazette
Honolulu, June 14, 1912, page 7.

Hui Nalu ..35 Points
Henlauis . .,33
Myrtles , ..10
Punahou , .. 3

The second annual A. A. U. swim.ming meet yesterday was a marked success and though no world records were smashed, fair time was made in a number of the events.
The day was a fine one and the attendance was very good, something like a thousand people viewing the sports with uveiled gusto.
The officials
Raco Hul Nalu
PI. Pt.
440-yard ,.1-3 0
50-yard ,,2-3 4
880-yard ..1 5
. ... .1
Plunge 0
220-yard 0 0
Milo 1 5
Relay . 1 10
Total 33
nado tho proceedings interesting as
thoy tolerated no long delays and the
wholo program whs fono through without
n hitch or change, nnd but with
ono elimination, tho fancy diving, in
which thero had been but two entries,
Vincent Genoves easily carried off
the honors of tho day for tho Hui Nalu
Club, winning throo first placos.
Frank S. Kruger, Lawreuco Cunlia,
Marston Campbell Jr., nnd Curtis W.
Ilustacc, had the spectators with thorn
all through the morning. Young Campbells,
grit and endurance, coupled with
his youth and slenderness of nhvainnn.
gavo tho Punahou hoys n good deal of
pleasure and a chanco to cheer and
get off their college yoll.
In tho run for points tho twentv.flvn
yard nnd fifty yard races for boys under
fifteen did not count in the compo-
"""" iuug mu senior ciuii cntrios.
In tho latter, in all but tho relay raco,
the points' woro: First nlncn. fi. ..
ond, 3 and third 1. In tho relay tho
points were, respectively, 10, 0 and 2.
The Races,
1. Four hundred niul fnrfv.mni
swim Ounoves (Hui Nalu), won in
0:10 Kruger (II), second asd E.
Kitto (H N), third. Campbell, Crozior
and C. Dyer (M. Y. & B. C), finished
HcalaniH Myrtles Punahou
P.' Pt. PL I't. PI. Ft.
2 3 0 0
15 0 0
2-3 4 0Q 0-0
2.3 4 0 0
2-3 4 "15-
1-3 0' 2 3
3 1 0 0 2 3
2 0 3 2
33 10
next In tho order tamed. Kniger
a hard try for flmt place and OcnavM
had to oxtend hlnnolf to win.
!!. Twnty.flvo.yiril wlm for boyi
under fifteen years Won by Vm. Hnr
ri (M.), In 14 tint. Frank Cnnlu (It.),
second, nnd (loo. Koawoainnhl (. N.),
third. This wnii n pretty rneo, with
good start and n closo finish,
3. Fancy diving. Omitted.
4. Fifty-yard swim Won by
Ciinlm (II.), in 20 2-5. "Duke
time last year was 24 1-5
for tho same distance. Seccond, Harold
1. lluntaco (U.N.); nnd third, L.
Knupiko (H.N.). Cunlia had nn easy
victory In this ovont.
5. ElRhty hundred nnd
swim (lenoves (II. N.), won handily
in 13:4!i 1-G. Frank S. Kruger (IL),
second, in 13:40 3-5. E, Hcdemnnn (II.),
third. Mnrston Cnmpboll. Jr.,
nnd Campbell Crozior (J!.), fin
ished next in tho order named.
0. Ono swim Won by
Curtis W. Hustnco (11. N.), in 02 4-5.
George Cunlm (II.), second and Lawrence
Ctinha (II.), third. In this raco
ono of tho Cunlrns got off his beat and
sought shelter unwittingly under tho
wharf hut got buck nnd still mndo good
though first placo wont to tho IIul Nalu
7. l'lungo for distnnco C. P. Davis
(M.), got first pluco with C5 feot to
his credit, his plunges being f5, 13, SI.
Second, J. II. LiKhtfoot (II.), 54 foot.
His plunges wero 52.0 48.8 and 54.
Third, Prank K. Fuller (II.).
8. swim for boys under
fifteen years William Harris (M.),
won in 80 2-5. Second, Harold Kiugor
(umittnclud) nnd third, Frank Cuuha
0. Two hundred nnd twenty-yard
swim IAwrciico Cunha (II.), flnishod
first in 2:fll), only a couplo of feet nhend
of 0. 1). Center (M.), who camo in second.
Geo. Cunha (II.), third. This rnco
wns the closest of nil the events nnd
the finish especially wns pretty nnd
exciting. Just five yards from the fin
ish Center was slightly in tho lend but
Lawrcncco Cunlm gradually forcod
nhend winning as stated abovo by about
a couple or lect. Center's Tim went
hard with him for ho was takon out of
tho water exhausted and hurried nvtay
bv his friends.
10. Tho big raco of tho incot was
tho one-mile ovent which GenovoH
(II. N.), won easily In 28:41 1-5, just
ns the noon whistlo was blowing. Ho
lapped nil tho contestants and somo of
them woro oy ucnovos.
Mnrston .Campbell, Jr., (Run.), won second
placo in 32:31 from Chas. V. Brown
(II.), who mndo tho milo in 32:35. Tho
rnco for second placo between Camp-Loll
nnd Brown wns hard fought from
start to finish nnd tho young winner had
tho crowd with Jam, cheer niter cucor
being givon when, on tho last lnp, it
wns evident that tho young follow
would got in ahead of Brown.
11. One of tho hoBt events of tho
meet and ono which was full of
and action wns tho rolay rnco "in which
tho IIul Nnlui nnd Myrtles ontcrod
slnglo teams whllo tho Hoalanis got in
n double shift. There wns some dispute
ovor tho henvy entry of tho Hcnlauis,
it being claimed that undor a previous
arrangement ngroed to each club would
only ontor a team. Finally the raco
camo off according to tho entries
of whntovor understanding
thero had been made previous to that.
Tho raco wb for 300 yards in 50-yard
relnys. Tho Hui Nalu team won first
place with tho Hcalnnl nnd Myrtlo
tenuis second nnd third.
This closed tho ovouts of this yoaT's
swimming meet.
It Hhould bo stated that Punahou
had only ono participant in tho races
Mnrston Campbell, Jr., in tho 880-yard
and the milo rnco. llnrold Kruger
entered unattached in tho 25 nnd 50
yard rnco for boys under fifteen. Tho
'ilenlnni, Myrtlo nnd Hui Nalu clubs
wero represented in iili tho events.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, June 14, 1912, Image 7

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The Hawaiian Star.
Honolulu, June 17, 1912, page 4.


 The well equipped workshop of the ( Y.M.C.A.) association in the basement will be under the direction of A. M. McClure.
Classes will be held Tuesday and Friday mornings and the boys will be taught to make boats, surf boards, aeroplane models and useful articles.
The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, June 17, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 4
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The Hawaiian Star.
Honolulu, June 29, 1912, page 16.


Is Expert In the Surf.

Mrs. Crocker, after whom one or the fastest yachts on the island waters is named, is an expert In the surf and had little difficulty in initiating her husband in the somewhat difficult feat of "hoing" out through the big combers and riding back on the crest of the rollers, standing erect on the surf board.

The Outrigger Club, the Myrtle Rowing Club and the Yacht Club out did themselves in offering hospitality to the Crockers.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian star. (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, June 29, 1912, SECOND EDITION, SECOND SECTION, Image 16

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Los Angeles Herald
Number 241, 3 July 1912, page 5.

Redondo Beach

Free Attractions Throughout the Day.
DAY and NIGHT Fireworks Aquatic Sports And Feats of Daring
Life Saving Drills - Surf Board Riding - Swimming Races
Big Base Ball Game - Bathing and Fishing

California Digital Newspaper Collection

Los Angeles Herald, Number 241, 3 July 1912, page 5.

Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, July 05, 1912, 2:30 Edition, Image 4
Waikiki beach is one of the safest places- in natural conditions - in the world.
It is practically free from a deadly undertow, there are relatively few "holes" to be dreaded by the timid or unskilled bather, and the water is pleasantly warm that the danger of cramps is at a minimum.

form floated for perhaps ten minutes on top of
the water before he was noticed: And then it
was too late. . .;. ' y
Waikiki should have ia. beach patrol, either
public or private. . Thereshould- be h, system of
guarding the beacfrsp that any accident to batht
ers- instalitly : noticed: " Three ;; weeks
ngo'ap'arty of. canoeists i found a girl practicdilly
helpless on a surf -board,' having succumled to
led (lis- wliat is? tu6tgit to ihave beenan: apoplectic at:
X , ? n4eira& fgscttdd" ih the 1 nick of time.
Honolulu iiiaj j usu ucci pi vuij v 1 1 uini .
attractiveness and natural safety: .That js no
reason for not providing -every additional safe
?uard that care and intelligence suggest. - A
fechvpatrot 'would r riot - be necessary all J the
PaIi iin. pvprv dnv- Riit certainlv on
every' Holiday; when thousands go into ; the wa:
ter, many of them unskilled swimmers oc in no
physical condition to meet .the shock of battling
with the waves, a patrol should be established.
Statements of eye-witnesses of yesterday's
tragedy are to the effect that Meyer, the victim,
was found floating face;dpwnward on top orthe
water. One witness told. Star-Bulletin last
night tkat the body was afloat on top of the
water for probably ten minutes; before .the bath
ers, who were all- arounuj; noticed i anything
rnt Wre be an vthimr more pitifully
sive in the wav of annimenfelldi? L patrol (t)ian
that a strong young man should go to his death
with holiday crowds, all about him and none to
see his helplessness? " J: ,:h" ::' '-: u-

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, July 05, 1912, 2:30 Edition, Image 4

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The San Francisco Call.
San Francisco, July 8, 1912, page 6.

Stockholm Olympic Games
Jim Thorpe, Indian, Wins Pentathlon; Donahue of Los Angeles Stands Third

July 7.—Realising their determination to astonish the natives of the Olympic staduim, the American team signalized the second day's athletic tournament by a clean sweep of the 100 meters race and a bumper crop of other notable victories.
Duke Kahanamoku came home first in the second heat of the 100 meters swimming race, free style, doing the aquatic sprint in 1 minute, 3 4-5 seconds.
The semifinal heats of the 100 meters swimming proved a fiasco, as the Americans, McGillivray, Huszagh and Kahanamoku, who had qualified by winning their heats in the previous round, remained on the steamer Finland in the belief  that the event was to be contested Monday.
Some of the competitors protested against the semifinals being held, saying that they would be valueless without the three fastest competitors.
The round, however, was completed.

Healy of Australia won the first heat in 1 minute 5 3-5 seconds, Bretting of Germany swam over in the second heat in 1 minute 4 3-5  seconds.
Through this failure of understanding, whether on the part of the Swedish committee or the American managers, the Americans may lose the final of this event.
The Hawaiian, Kahanamoku, is the talk of the town today, not only for what he does, but for the easy, nonchalant way in which he does it.
He has caught the popular fancy, and the president of the British Life Saving society has offered a him a valuable cup if he swims 100 meters in 1 minute during the contests.
He established a world's record when he won his trial heat in the 100 meters in 1 minute 2 2-5 seconds.
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The San Francisco Call.
San Francisco, July 9, 1912, page 1.

The semifinal heats of the 100 meters swimming are to be contested again with the United States participating.
The American delegation protested yesterday's race on the ground that the absence of the American swimmers was due to a misunderstanding and the Olympic committee has decided that the heats should be reswum, probably at the end of the meeting.
Otto Wahle, who is managing the swimming team, declared that the directorate of the meeting informed him that the semifinal would be abandoned last night because only seven swimmers were left to compete.
It was for this reason that the American swimmers were absent.

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The Hawaiian Gazette.
Honolulu, July 9, 1912, page 3

Carries Star, of His Native City to the Front
Uncle Sam Runs Away With Almost All Firsts.
STOCKHOLM, Sweden, July C
Duke Kahanamoku, of Honolulu, member of the American team in the Olympic games, today set a new -world's record for 100 meters, hanging up a mark of 02 2-5 seconds.
Hawaiian, Duke Kahanamoku 's smashing of tho world's record yesterday in the hundred meter swim at Stockholm, makes him a top notcher at once and for all time.
Hawaii has
never had any doubt as to chance of winning this in the Olympic meet this year in far away Stockholm.
Everybody here who has
followed Duke's career since he first came into prominence only a short time ago felt certain that this son of
the soil would carry the American colors to victory when he competed with the world's foremost swimmers.
It was only on August 12 of last year
that Kahannmoku astonished Hawaii
and. tho athletic world nt largo with his
phenomenal finish in tho fifty yard
swim hero in 24 1-5 seconds, which
boat Daniel's world record by 1 3-5 seconds.
Amorican athletic authorities
would not boliovo the story when tho
cablo sent tho news broadcast throughout
the land. It couldn't bo possiblo,
thoy said. Affidavits from this end certifying
to the correctness of tho timo
and distanco wero of no avail. Duke
did not then belong to tho A. A. TJ. and
that settled it. Ho broko no record
as far ns recognized records wero concerned.
The local athletes started in
real earnest to organize a local branch
of tho A. A. U., which was soon accom
Duko -was sent on to the states ana
what ho did there, inexperienced in
tank Bwimming, a stranger in a strange
land, all llawnii knows. Ho went up
timo and again against tho best swimmers
of the Innd and, though a stranger
to tanks and corner turners ho easily-proved
his superiority to tho satisfaction
of tho officials in charge of the se
lection of tho members which wero to
constitute tho American team. at tho
great Stockholm meet which was inaug
urated yesterday.
kn mado tho lull-yard dash hero in
65 2-5 seconds. Tho previous best world
rocord for the straightaway was ono
minute flat mado by Daniels and Scott
Lenry jointly. Tho same day Duko
swam tlio 220-yard event in 2 minutes
and forty-two and two-fifths seconds,
only two seconds more than tho -world
Duke is rather tall, oven for a Hawaiian,
stands six feet and two inches
and weighs 188 pounds. Ho is now entering
his twenty-second year.
Duko uses his own stroke in swimming.
During his mainland visit,
for Stockholm he was trained by
iQcorgo Kisler, swimming instructor of
tho university ot 1'cnnsyivania.

WMm3W Sffl
STOCKHOLM, Sweden, July 8. Ow
ing to a misunderstanding regarding tho ho
semifinals in the hundred meter swimming
races, America may loso what she
hns already won through the efforts of
Duke Kahnnamoku, the wonderful in
swimmer from Honolulu. The misunderstanding
appenrs to have nriseu over
tho dates of the semifinals. Efforts are
being mado to straighten matters out
nnd it is possible that they will bo successful.
Duke himself has carried tho the city
nnd its thousands of visitors by storm.
He is easily the most popular of the
swarms of athletes hero from all over
the world. His work in tho water is
appreciated here most thoroughly nnd
ho is being asked out as if hi) wero a
social lion.
The president of tho British Life
Saving Society yesterday visited him at
his quarters on tho Finland, and offered

That American athletic associations
and .American athletes of all description
have gono wild over Duko
's mainland performances is tho
story brought back to Hawaii from
Chicago by A, Q. Marcallino. Through
tho courtesy of E. C. Brown, formerly
of Honolulu, the Hawaii delegates to
tho Chicago convention were extended
the house privilegos of tho Chicago
Athletic Club.
When tho members of this club found
out that tho delegates were from Hawaii
and wero personal friends of
"Tho Duko," thoy immediately got in
touch with tho boys and would talk
nothing but Kahannmoku and
's work.
Duke having gono to Chicago a
stranger ono would havo imagined that
ho" would not havo beon very well received
especially after ho defeated

him an extremely handsome gold cup if
succeeds in covering tho one hundred
mcto'r swim in n minute flat.
moku may take up the offer later.

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The Washington Times.
July 10, 1912, page 5.

One of the most talked of athletes competing here is Duke Kahanamoku, the Hawaiian, who is taking part in the swimming competitions.
So interested has King Gustav become in the record breaking water feats of the dark-hued American that he had a prlvate swimming match arranged, in which the Hawaiian went through a number of difficult swimming feats in the water.

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The San Francisco Call.
San Francisco, July 10, 1912, page 13.

Yankees Qualify 9 More Men In Day's Olympic Trial Heats
George Bonhag Cheered to Victory in 5,000
Meter; McClure of Portland Scores Honors
[Special Cable to The Call]

STOCKHOLM. July 9.—The American team qualified nine men for the semi finals in the trial heats contested to day, two being placed in the 5.000 and seven in the 1,500 meters.
The strong lead of the United States was maintained.
In the fourth heat of the women's 100 meter swimming race. Miss Fanny Durack, the Australian, finished in 1 minute, 19 4-5 seconds, a new record for women.
The committee arranged a compromise in the matter of the semifinals of the 100 meter swimming competition which was accepted in a sportsmanlike manner.
The Americans, by a misunderstanding, had failed to appear for the semi finals, which were contested on Sunday.
The international Jury declared this morning that an extra heat, consisting of the three Americans, "Duke" Kahanamoku, Kenneth Hustagh,  Perry McGillivray, and Massa of Italy, should be contested this evening, and if they beat the arbitrary standard of 1 minute 6 1-5 seconds the first two men should qualify for the final.

The Hawaiian, Kahanamoku, was easily first in 1 minute 2 2-5 seconds, which equals the world's record he made in winning his trial heat.
He led all the way.
Huszagh beat McGillivray by a few feet and qualified for the final.

There has been some criticism as to whether the Hawaiian should compete as an American, but it is pointed out that he is in the same position as the Indian, Ranji, who for years represented England in cricket.

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
July 11, 1912, page 1 and 3

Idea of Substantial Gift for the Great Swimmer Is Indorsed

The first local contribution to the Duke Kahanamoku fund came early this morning, when the Clarion sent $10 in gold to the Star-Bulletin to help along the movemeht launched yesterday for a substantial gift for the great Hawaiian athlete now winning honors in the Swedish Olympic games.
Suggested by two sportsmen of liana, Maui, whose letter enclosing a check for $15 reached the Star-Bulletin yesterday and was published yesterday afternoon, the fund has struck the popular, note.
As soon as its object is understood, it is freely predicted by the friends of the crack swimmer that the public response will be more than hearty.
Like Idea of Gift
It has been suggested that the gift take the form of a house and lot to be presented tor Duke when he gets back from his sensational string of victories.
The form of the gift will be determined later by a committee of well-known citizens who will decide how best to put the fund to use in order- to show Hawaii's a lasting
ut?iui way. ior xne young swimmers ,
work wherever he has been.
The idea of a house and lot struck the popular fancy, because it means something permanent and so that will be of use to Duke and not merely a big celebration or a costly ornament.
Plan Indorsed.
W. T- Rawlins, who first suggested the sending of Duke to the Olympic

(Continued from Page 3)

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The Hawaiian Gazette.
Honolulu, July 12, 1912, page 2.

After a Record
Snapshot of Duke Kahanamoku, taken just before he left for the mainland and Stockholm. Note his wake.

Proving his consistent speed as a swimmer, Duke Kahanamoku of the American Olympic team yesterday equaled his own world's record in the 100 meter swim and quailified for the final, which will be held on Saturday.
The Americans athletes are jubilant and the young Hawaiian is the lion of the hour.

The Americans were permitted to swim an extra heat following the decision in their favor and against the protest of the German entries on the basis that the heat in which Kahanamoku made his first world's record was irregular,
Huszagh of Chicago came in second in the heat and both he and the winner will race in the finals.
The Hawaiian is now almost conceded first place in the finals.
The Merchants' Association yesterday forwarded to Duke Kahanamoku one hundred dollars to be used in making an exhibition at Atlantic City upon his return to this country.
The members of the organization believe that everyone has now heard of the great record made for this country by Duke and will want to have a chance to see him in action.
He will visit Atlantic City at the conclusion of the games at Stockholm and as it will be at the height of the season at the popular sea coast resort it is expected he will make a great hit with the throngs.

A. J. Gignoux, of the Merchants' Association, stated yesterday that the members feel that this is an admirable way to advertise Honolulu in connection with the general promotion work being carried on.

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, July 12, 1912, page 5.


A most Worthy step and one enouiu prove  coined, is the on which the Outrigger club in contemplating in the mat- corous dances are passing out and K A. w J a. a. a a J Vr
:tr of caring for the wives and slaters ci members who a.iiot jfar enough il. the lis of aphcunts' for 'membership in the Ladies' Auxiliary to have
Hai Nalu and Outrigger.

Girls who patronize the sea which dabbles abound the beach at Walkiki remember with kindest feedings all that Duke Kahanamoku has done for them in teaching them how to swim, how to surf with board and with canoe.
The reason for his absence from membership of the Outrigger Club has never been made public, and will not be on this occassion.
That there was a reason for so many good swimmers remaining out many know, but more do not and the writer of this is with the latter.
It would seem to most Honolulu residents that to have had him a member of the canoe club would have been a good thing from the point of view of the promoter of tourist travel to the islands.
The Outrigger Club now has a wide reputatlon.
It may be presumed that this is international and to have it known  that this young son of Hawaii, and best of all a pure Hawaiian type, is a member of the club, would be good advertising for Outrigger without in any way detracting from the boy himself.

The movement apparently started on Maui to give Duke a memorial of some character is a good one.
It is said that the Greek who won a marathon race in Greece was made independently wealthy by his government, or the people.
Will Hawaii make a showing for Duke?
Here is an oppurtunity for the people to show their spirit.

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The Hawaiian Gazette
Honolulu, July 12, 1912, page 6.


Walter G. Smith, the publicity agent and lecturer of the promotion committee, will ascend Haloakea, the largest extinct volcano in the world.
Mr, Smith has witnessed the activity of Kilauoa and is desirous of seeing the greatest iload volcano, before he departs from the islands in order to have comparative data.
The films which Mr. Smith will use on his lecture tour will include pictures of "A Trip to the Volcano," surf riding and a number of interesting scenes in and out of Honolulu, and will be displayed a few evenings before he leaves on the Sierra.
The promotion committee has prepared a upoclnl letter which it will hand out by thousands, to ronldenU of the ritle he is to visit.
Those letters will be sent out not only by the promotion committee but by business men, clergymen and all who are interested in Mr. Smith's tour.

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, July 16, 1912, page 1.

Associated Press Cables That Kahanamoku Won in 63 and 2-5 Seconds.

San Francisco, Cal., July 16.
Star-Bulletin, Honolulu:
Duke won July 10. Time, 1 minute 3 2-5 seconds.

Duke Kahanamoku Jr. is champion swimmer of the world.
He won the title on July 10, when he finished first in the 100 meter swim at the Swedish Olympic games at Stockholm.
The Star-Buletin ascertained this today by cabling to the Associated Press, at San Francisco.
On the morning of July 11, the morning paper carried an alleged cablegram to the effect that Duke was ''brought into the stadium to hear the announcement of the result Of the swimming heats," and that the announcer gave Duke as the winner of the heat.

On account of the mix-up earlier in the games, when-Duke, after winning the 100 meters, was compelled to reswim it, and the uncertainty whether Duke on July 10 had won the preliminaries, semifinals or finals, the Hawaiian lad's friends here have been very much up in the air.
This morning the news was published that the American team, after winning the meet, was to sail homeward,
Nothing was said about the swimming finals.
So the Star-Bulletin, to clear up the uncertainty, cabled the Associated Press at San Francisco as follows:
"Did Duke win 100-meter final Stockholm?"

A few hours later the Associated Press cabled to this paper the message given above.
It would appear that the cabled news on the night of July 10 was misinterpreted or incomplete.
At any rate, Duke is the champion sprint swimmer of the world.
He has met the best the world could send against him, and he has distanced them all.
His record, made in a preliminary heat of 62 2-5 seconds for the hundred meters, may stand.
This will not be known until later on.

Duke Fund Is Growing Fast

Steadily the fund for a gift for Duke Kahanamoku is growing.
Today W. T. Rawlins, who has been in charge of 'the special fund to pay Duke's. expenses at Stockholm and on hisVreturn trip, including a visit to Atlantic City, reported that all the subscriptions for this purpose were in, and that, with $50 yet to come from the promotion committee.
Duke's expenses are fully paid back to the United States. and right to Hawaii.

This clears the boards for the fund to buy Duke a modest house and lot out near the beach or somewhere else and present it to him as a token of Hawaii's appreciation for the great work he has done.

The committee that will handle this fund, and to which the Star-Bulletin will turn over the subscriptions it is receiving, will be announced within a day or two.
So, far, no effort has been made to organize a campaign because of the other fund that was to be completed, but now that is taken care of and Hawaii can get busy on the gift.

Mayor Fern is handling one of the subscription lists himself and said this morning that the city hall is going to do its share.
"Duke deserves a $5,000 house and lot," said the mayor.
"Maybe we can't raise that much, but we can raise a good deal."
The board of health employes have started a subscription list.
It was started today, and several others are ready to be started at once.
This morning a gentleman dropped into the Star-Bulletin office and held out $5.
"Just put this on the Duke fund," he said, and when asked if he wished any name to be given, said: "No, just mark it 'Sport.
That's what it's for, clean sport."
This is the spirit in which the Duke fund has been started and is proving popular with everyone.
The Star-Bulletin is receiving subscriptions.
Those mailed should be addressed "Duke Kahanamoku Fund, Care Star-Bulletin, Honolulu, T. H."

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The Hawaiian Gazette.
Honolulu, July 19, 1912, page 3.


Duke Kahanamoku will return to Honolulu August 23 on the steamship Lurline, and will be given an ovation in which his club, the Hui Nalu, will take a leading part.
A "Duke Kahanamoku Fund" committee was organized by the Star-Bulletin yesterday to receive contributions to the fund which is being raised in Honolulu to be presented to the champion swimmer of the world, the gift probably to take the form of a house and lot, in addition to a purse.
The committee is composed of the following:: W. T. Rawlins, chairman; J. Kuhio Kalaniannole, Delegnte to congress; Mayor Joseph T. Pom, A. L. O. Atkinson. A. L. Castle, Chas. F. Chillingworth, Arthur A. Wilder, Alexander Hay and Lew G. Henderson.

A meeting of the committee will be held at four o'clock this afternoon in the office of Mr. Rawlins, Judd Building, to select a secretary and treasurer and to lay out a definite plan of subscription lists will be prepared and placed all over the city in the hands of competent hustlers, and the campain for funds will go on merrily.
As Duke will not be here for about six weeks the committee believes it can raise a very substantial fund.
liana, Maui, admirers of the "Duke" suggest that the hookupu be reserved until the very last when the house and lot are ready and the will be used to furnish the house in the good old Hawaiian way.

The Maui people believe $2000 can be raised on Maui.
Archie Robertson of T. H. Davies & Company circulated a list among of the lionso and raised $23 which was turned in yesterday.
The Advertiser receives contributions to the fund.
These may be left either with the editor or with the business office.

Success on the mainland did not turn Duke's head and it is not likely that his by far greater success at Stockholm will do that either.

Duke is very regular in his correspondence and there is not a mail comes in from the Coast, but brings letters and postals to his
loved ones here.
He always concludes with "Aloha to all and regards to the boys."

Here are a few samples from postals received yesterday;

To his father and dated at sea, June 24:

"Here at sea, having a good time and all well aboard.
Rained this morning quite a lot but it's over now.
Have been swimming in a little tank (aboard).
Some traveling,  Daddy!
Bought a little camera in New York.
Hope results will be good throughout.
Fine bunch of athletes.
Sang Aloha Oe for Colonel Thompson on last night on board.
He appreciated it very much and shook hands with us.
The boys also appreciated my singing.
Aloha all and regards to the boys.

On the reverse side of the card were the autograph signatures of "the boys," including Duke's in full, as follows:
Duke P. Kahanamoku, Otto Wahle, James H. Reilly, T. Nerich, M. McDermitt, Ken Huzagh, Harry Hebner, Perry McGillivray, Arthur
McAleeman Jr. and O. W. Gaidzik.

On a postal dated June 20, also to his fathier, the world champion swimmer says:
"Arrived at Antwerp at 10 a.m.
Went all round the city.
Had a swim in a tank swam 100 meters in 00 -1-5.
Will sail for Stockholm on Wednesday.
All well.
Best regards to all.
Aloha nui.
'Duke.' "
In still another postal Duke says that he met George Macfarlane in New York and he was glad to see me.
So was I to see him, you bet!"
To his mother he writes: "I am anxious to get into the water."
To his sister he says that they were eight days out from New York.

Duke will probably visit Germany, France and England before starting on the way home.
He will go to Atlantic City where the crowds will see him on the surf board, something he likes and on which he is a past master.  

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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, July 19, 1912, Image 3

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, July 19, 1912, page 3.

Duke's Pictures
To help the ''Duke Fund, we are selling hand-painted Postals of '"Duke" in some of his swimming and surf-riding stunts.
10c Each
Entire proceeds to bo turned over to the fund.
Honolulu Photo Supply Co.,
'Everything Photographic"

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These advertisements ran for abot the next two weeks.

Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, August 3, 1912, page 16.

Californian Girls Learn Art of Hawaiian Surfboard Riding
George Freeth, Former Honoluluan, Is Busy With Redondo Nymphs.

The exciting Hawaiian sport, surf-board riding, so easy for the native Hawaiian, and so difficult for the American, has been taken up by some of the summer girls here ; and judging by their preseverance they mean to master the feat or die in the attempt.
These girls are probably the only women in the country who ride the surf board and but a few men have learned the art of handling the board.

Miss Dolly Mings, Miss Birdene Packson and Mrs. Hattie Whitney are the young women, and may be seen almost any mornlng learning the tricks of the sport under the instruction of George Freeth, the Hawaiian swimming instructor.

Miss Packson, a pretty blonde, who came here recently from San Franciso descrbes surf-boarding as the "best sport" she knows of.
She says "you feel just as though you were riding through the air in an aircraft when you are riding the breakers."
Miss Packson has heen swimming but three months, but in that time has learned to do no end of things in the swimming line.
She swims well, does high and fancy diving and has become adept at swinging through the air on the rings in the plunge, a feat of which she is most proud, as she is the only girl among the swimmers who does this.

Miss Mings who holds the Pacific Coast and Southern Californian women's championship fifty yards, is the best and strongest swimmer here and her fancy diving is equalled by none of the other swimmers.
Surf-board riding is the latest accomplishment. acquired by this attractive little swimmer, who keeps up her swimming winter and summer.

Mrs. Whitney has so far proven the most expert with the surf board, as she has given the most time to it .
All of the girls agree that the sport is difficult to learn, but very delightful.

Requires Nerve.
George Freeth, the instructor, says: "Surf-board riding requires unlimited nerve, and is much like mastering a bucking broncho.
You never know just what will happen.
But the only really difficult or dangerous thing about It is when you attempt to ride the board standing, after the manner of the Hawaiians." .

When you hear Freeth describe how to ride a surf board you feel as though you could do it, whether you are a swimmer or not, but the girls
who have tried it say it is quite different when, lying on the board which appears to be determined to throw one.

At any rate, here are Freeth's methods as described by him:
First, when leaving the beach you carry the board until beyond you (sic) depth, but hold the board off to one side, headed into the breakers, otherwise the breaker may catch .the board and send you sprawling.
Second, lie flat on the board with the feet just hooking over the end and paddle with the arms as if they were oars.
At the sime time balance the board by pressing down with the chest on whichever side the board should be directed.
Third, start to paddle about twenty feet from the breaker, and keep paddling until you have fully caught the breaker.
Then slide backward off the board until the end of it strikes bettween the knees and hips to remove the weight from the front of the board to prevent it from running Into the sand.
As the board rides over the breakers and up to the beach use the feet as a rudder with which to steer it, and as you are carried into shore hold to the board with both hands.

There are just four things to avoid to prevent danger according to Freeth.
"First, the rider must never get between the breaker and the board, or there is danger of being hit by the heavy board
Another thing to watch is that you paddle until fully up to the breaker.
Above all things the rider should remember not to slide off the board too far when taking the breaker; that is, the foot of the board should touch the legs of the swimmer between the hips and. the knees; otherwise the board might strike the swimmer; in the body.
The last thing, but mosl important to remember, is never to let go of the board.

The surf boards used by Freeth and his pupils are of redwood and weigh about forty pounds.
The dimensions are eight feet long, twenty-four inches in width and two inches thick.

Athletic Girls.
Although not many of the girls at the beach have been brave enough to attempt the surf board yet the majority this year are ambitious swimmers or divers and each one seems to have some particular stunt in aquatics in which she excels.
No one seems content merely, to jump the breakers and lounge on the sand in a stunning bathing suit .
It may be that the girls are eager to vie with the different holders of championships In their swimming stunts, of whom: there are several here.
Lady Langer (sic), holder of the 220, 440 and 880 Championship for Southern Californio (sic); Cliff Bowers, Pacific Coast champion diver; Tommy Witt, champion child diver, are all here this year.

Among the girls who do fancy diving stunts, distance: or fast swimming are Miss Dolly Connolly, a pretty Redondo Beach High School girl; Miss Pearl Hutchinson of Los Angeles, Miss Norman Bennett and Mrs. T. B. Bassett.

The art of riding the surf board in a standing position, which is done by balancing the body on the board, was revived by Freeth in Honolulu in 1900.
Although Hawailans generally rode the surf board; up to that time they rode only by lying on the board although they knew that their early ancestors had ridden in a standing position.
Freeth, who now has one of the old surf boards, given him by a native prince which had been handed down from the early days, as a boy persisted in trying to ride the breakers in a standing position as he had heard of from the old natives stories.

The board given him by the prince was sixteen feet; long and about four inches thick and after many falls and calculations, Freeth figured out that his board was too long for the breakers, as it couldn't take the curve of the combers.

He finally worked out the dimensions that are used now in the boards in Hawaii, eight feet long, and twenty four inches, by four inches thick.
Now, many of the Hawaiians ride the surf board standing and carry a second person on their shoulders.

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The San Francisco Call.
San Francisco, August 14, 1912, page 7.

Soft Winds From the Sea Temper the Heat of the Sun on the Islands

The native sports of the islands show the character of the climate.
The native Hawaiian is a natural swimmer.
At the Olympic games just concluded in Stockholm, Sweden, far from the sunny shores of his native seas, a native Hawaiian swam against the world and won the prize for the Americans.
Sports of the sea are the delight of the people,and Americans and Europeans coming to the islands quickly become fascinated with the surf sports of the people and become expert in the surf, although few ever achieve the success of the natives.
Swimming is the national and international sport of the islands.

This is the climate which is to make Hawaii the mecca for all persons in the world who would free themselves of the thralldom of the fogs of London or the snows of winter in New York, who would seek a larger region than Florida affords, who would join to the temperateness of the sun a warm sea where bathing is a delight and a joy, with no dlsasterous chill to follow a dip in the surf.
This is the land which will, when the Panama canal Is open and the ships of Europe and the Atlantic seaboard of America can pass directly from their own sea to the Pacific, this is the land, be it said, which will draw the tourist who loves the sun and the simple processes of nature.
The bathing beach at Waikiki, five miles to the south of Honolulu, is world famed for its beauty, the even temperature of its water and the unique sports there indulged, surf boating and surf board riding.
The temperature of the water is close to 78 degrees the year round.
The beach is almost entirely free from inequalities, running out slowly to deep water.
There is no undertow, so bathers are absolutely safe.
From the outer reef to the shore surf boating forms the principal sport.
The sharp outrigger canoes of the Ha waiian natives, guided by an expert, are so turned in front of a breaker that the wave furnishes the impetus which drives the canoe straight toward the shore, the breaking roller tumbling beneath the stern, the prow tossing a cloud of spray high in the air.

Photograph, top: Village of Waiuku...
Quotation from Mark Twain.
Photograph, bottom: Swimming is the national and international sport of the islands(Waikiki Beach).

Chronicling America
The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, August 14, 1912, Image 7

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The Evening World.
New York, August 16, 1912, page 9.

Duke Coasts Atop Breakers

Duke P, Kahanamoku, the young Hawaiian who smashed the world's swimmlng record at the Olymplc games in Stockholm arrived here yesterday.
He brought with him two of the surf riding boards used by the Hawaiians.
The City Commisson forbids the use of boards in the ocean, but has granted him permission to employ the surf runners two hours a day.
Kahanamoku shoots to the beach on a board atop huge combers while standing erect.

Chronicling America
The evening world. (New York, N.Y.) 1887-1931, August 16, 1912, Final Edition-Extra, Image 9
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The Sydney Morning Herald
Wednesday 21 August 1912, page 9.


Australian sportsmanship is highly praised in the "Dagens Nyheter," the special paper, at the Olympic Games, published at Stockholm.
In the issue of July 8 a difficulty in regard to the swimming of the semi-flnal of the 100 metres race is referred to.
A misunderstanding on the part of the Americans as to when they were to compete led to their missing the qualifying round.
The Americans, Kahanamoku, Huszagh, and McGillivray, who had swum at noon, understood that they had passed through the semi-final, and they consequently adjourned until the evening for the final.

The misunderstanding was caused by thé difference in two programmes, the one that they saw scheduling the final for the night.
Therefore, when the call was given for the semi-final none of the Americans were there, nor was the Italian, Mario Massa.
Healy refused to accept the victory, and asked that the heat be swum over again.
The paper further stated that it was hoped the matter would be straightened out, but that the Americans would abide by the officials' decision.
If, however, it was decided not to swim it off, it would be a severe blow to the team, as they were counting on Kahanamoku for a sure first, and the others for possible places.

On the next day the "Dagens Nyheter" stated that the final of the 100 metres had been postponed, and it was understood that the International Jury had left it to Germany, and Australasia, as the nations with competitors in the semi-finals, to agree to a re-swim, at the same time exonerating the Swedish officials from any blame in the matter.
At that stage it was not known whereof, Germany would agree, but the Australasians had given their consent to a re-swlm.
Eventually a compromise was effected, it being arranged that the three Americans and Marlo Massa, the Italian, contest a special semi-final on condition that the two first be allowed to start in the final if they swam the distance in less than 66 seconds.
Kahanamoku did 62 1-5s, but the others failed to beat 66s, so did not qualify.
The final thus gave Duke Kahanamoku (U.S.A.), Cecil Healy (Australasia), K. Bretting and W. Ramme (Germany) a chance for the title, Longworth being too ill to start.
The American won, with Healy second.

On July 10 the paper congratulates both Australasian and German swimmers in the following terms:-
"Not only Stockholm, but the whole world of sport will ring with applause for your sporting action in permitting the semi-flnal of the 100 metres to be re-swum.
You, as well as anyhody, realise the prowess of the swimmers you have voluntarily admitted to the final contest.
You will have done more than win an olymplc event; you will have shown an unsurpassable example of sportsmanship for other olympians to emulate."

The Maui News.
Wailuku, Maui, August 24, 1912, page 2.


Now that the time for the return of Duke Kahanamoku is getting so close, it is up to the public spirited citizens of Maui to come through with their donations.
Duke has done some wonderful advertising for the Hawaiian Islands, and he is a world's champion at swimming.
It is no small thing to be proud of a world's championship and the lad who is bringing it back to Hawaii is deserving of recognition
by the people of the islands.
Get busy with a donation.

Chronicling America
The Maui news. (Wailuku, Maui, H.I.) 1900-current, August 24, 1912, Image 2

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The Tacoma Times.
Tacoma, Washington, August 26, 1912, page 7.


Loaded to capacity with timid but joyous excursionists, the Northern Pacific train pulled in at the depot last night without a single accident having marred the pleasure of the day at Moclips beach.
Surf riding by the Quinalt (sic) Indians was one of the entertainments of the day at the beach.
Dancing and other picnic sports occupied the day.
Another trip for next Sunday may be arranged.

Chronicling America
The Tacoma times. (Tacoma, Wash.) 1903-1949, August 26, 1912, Image 7

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1. Quinalt is now spelt Quinault.

"The area's indigenous people lived in permanent villages along rivers and lakes.
Water defined their economic and cultural lives.
They harvested salmon as they swam upstream to spawn, as well as whales and seals along the coast. In the summers, hunters ranged inland and into the Olympic Mountains for game and to trade with other tribal groups.
The Indians developed a high degree of skill with canoes carved from cedar trees in a variety of specialized designs adapted to swift-flowing rivers, broad estuaries, and the sea.
Although settled earlier by homesteaders such as Steve Grover in 1862, Moclips was not incorporated until 1905 with the completion of the Northern Pacific Railway and the first Moclips Beach Hotel built by Dr. Edward Lycan.
The hotel was a two story, 150 room beachside resort. It burned down in 1905, just months after it was completed.
Dr. Lycan then had a new, larger hotel built on the same site.
It was three stories high, a block long, it loomed from the dunes.
This Moclips Beach Hotel was completed in 1907 and advertised as having 270 “outside” rooms, with 2,000 ft (610 m) of 10 ft (3.0 m) covered veranda, and a perfect view of the Pacific Ocean, reported to be just 12 feet (3.7 m) from the hotel grounds.
This close proximity to the ocean, however, would prove its undoing.
Back then Moclips was publicized as a healthy get away from the toil and trouble of city life.
It was a health resort.
The moist salt air and bathing in the surf was touted as very medicinal.
A promotional pamphlet of the time purports Moclips’ climate to be 'simply perfect'.
Dr. Lycan believed that Moclips was the Mecca for health and pleasure of the Northwest.

Moclips grew into a sizable town with restaurants, hotels, a candy store, theater, canneries, and the M.R. Smith Lumber and Shingle Mill.
Many hotels, schools, canneries and shingle mills were quickly built.
Four schools once taught children from Taholah to Ocean Shores. Class schedules for the local schools were based on the clamming tides.
Two of these buildings exist today.

In 1911 Moclips was struck by a series of fatal storms, eventually washing much of the town away.
Moclips Beach Hotel stood in pieces.
By the end of 1913, there was nothing left of the hotel.
Fires destroyed much of Moclips along the beach."

3. Olympic Penisular Community Museum

4. Quinault Canoe Society.

5. First People.

6. Garry Trent Photography Canada

7. Library of Congress

8. Northern Pacific, Tacoma Division

Moclips is located near the mouth of Moclips Creek, between Sunset Beach and Taholah.
Founded by Dr Lycan and Mr. Chabot and platted on September 25, 1902.
The post office opened on April 19, 1905.
It was once a center of cedar shingle and shake manufacturing.
The word Moclips is Quinault meaning “quiet waters”.
Or is it a variation of the Quinault No-mo-Klopish, meaning “people of the turbulent water”.
The town was serviced by the Northern Pacific Railroad Company.
The M R Smith Lumber and Shingle Company was its biggest customer, along with the likes of the Hobi Timber Company.
The line between Aloha and Moclips was abandoned in 1978.
The line to Taholah had been abandoned prior to 1978.
In 1920, the town was to serve as the southern terminus of The Gray’s Harbor Northern Railway Company, a Northern Pacific Railroad Company subsidiary that was never built.
Also, the Olympic Peninsula Railway Company, another a Northern Pacific Railroad Company subsidiary that was never built.
Grays Harbor  (S8, T20N, R12W)  Tacoma Grays Harbor Line 16 WA Saint Clair 100.5"

The Hawaiian Gazette.
Honolulu, August 30, 1912, page 8


In short and breezy postals, Duke Kahanamoku keeps his family and friends here posted constantly as to what's doing where he happens to find himself.

One thing stands out prominently in all his writing and this is the absence of any attempt to "blow" himself.
He is certainly the most modest athlete with a world record to his credit, one can find these days of the big "L"

Duke was in Atlantic City August 11 where he met the Henderson family, which has been most solicitous toward the young Hawaiian.
He says they were all having a great time riding the surf.
His surfriding stunts were witnessed by thousands of people who crowded the "million dollar" pier in Atlantic City.

Says he, in a late postal to his father, Captain Kahanamoku:
"Having a great time here in Atlantic City riding the surf.
The Henderson family is also down here and all of us are haying a good time, and enjoying the surfriding stunts.
Thousands of people were on the Million Dollar Pier.
I was also down to Ocean City the other day and will be in New York on Friday (August 23) on the way for the big time at Philadelphia, August 20.
All well with us.
Best aloha to all and don't forget the boys.''

Duke is expected here about the end of the coming month and on the way home he will stop a few days in San Francisco and will possibly take in the great water sports the Bay City people are trying to arrange so as to see him and the Australian swimmiers in action.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, August 30, 1912, Image 8
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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, September 7, 1912, page 9.


He will go to New York on August 22.
He will leave for San Francisco no later than August 28 and expects to be home in Honolulu early in September.
Tomorrow the Duke will go to Atlanic Clty.
He will take with him one of his surf riding boards.
Surf riding is great sport in Hawaii.
The board is twenty-three inches wide and nine feet in length.
Surf riding has never been tried in America and the Hawaiian thinks that the element of danger of the sport will appeal to Americans.

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, September 07, 1912, 3:30 Edition, SPORTS, Image 9

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, September 9, 1912, page 7,


Duke Kahanamoku is giving Atlantic City a touch of Waikiki class.
Ever since two surf boards were shipped east for the Hawaiian swimming champion, people here have been anxiously awaiting news of his exploits.
The following in the New York Herald of August 16, under Atlantic City date line tells the story:
Amateur surf riders here are having a chance to learn points of the sport from an Hawaiian expert who is giving daily exhibitions at the beach adjoining Young's Pier.
Many of the bathers have provided themselves with surf boards and have displayed skill in riding the huge combers, but their spirit seems enough compared with the dexterity with which the Sandwich Island man glides on the crest of the breakers.

The expert is Kahanamoku, of Honolulu, a member of the American  team which took part in the Olympic games at Stockholm.
He has brought his own his own surf board, made after the pattern liked in his native land.
It is longer than the boards seen here.

This skillful surf rider sits on the board while he propels himself seaward, but when be is ready for the return he gives interesting and unusual exhibitions of fancy riding.
Sometimes he stands upright, balancing himself on the slender craft, while he varies his rides by going through athletic  movements.

Since the Hawaii's appearance a new impetus has been given to surf ridlng and boys and men may be seen at any hour of the day when the tide is just right for the fun trying their skill striding in with the waves.

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, September 09, 1912, 2:30 Edition, Image 7

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Evening News
Friday 27 September 1912, page 3.


Tee Uotrnin Clot, will bold iu annual mtet ln« at Dave Smith's Room, Spit Junction. KM man. on Tuesday, al t PJO. At tie Oral annual meetmc of tbt Manly SeagullsSurf and Ufa BaTlnf Club.
 iUum Otlivy
prtalded* over a Rood attendaoc*. Th. rcpon, u rwad by Mr. Walker (hon. secetary) staud tfcat the club was formed to promote rescue
and resuscitation work 1a conflvcUoa with .urf swUtoK. the cnembcra to be von. fide realdebts lUe club .tarted with u memben, ud tto roll aoar Bumb«rt 73. Tbe officers' «lec(«d are:— Patroa. Mayor of Manly (AMeTman Bonner); Unaldent, AUermaa A. Ojilrr; rtce-pr««l-lenu, Kesan W. BIWlIe. W. joaes. A_ Dartes, R. tyfurilL T. Ely; boo. ucnitrr, Mr. W. 11. Waller: too. treanrer, Mr. T. Elr: aiccotlv. commHrtt. Kuan. H. Sroni, R. B. Sarrldan, E. H. Klsc, o. B. Duwoodle. S. Rablissa. H. Orlap, asd 1!. Bind; trustees, M«aara. S. Q. Baker and J. W. Purres: captalo. Mr. R. Thais; «oe-»pUlo, Mr. A. UuldilB; delegates lo Surf Bathing Association. Kuin. w. EL Wai. ker and li Valentine: delegate to Roy*] Life Sinn* Society, Mr. A. Roberts; turn, aedlca! oOccr, Dr. St. VlnceM Welcli; its. lutrunsi, Mr. W, H. Walker.

1912 'SWIMMING.', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 27 September, p. 3, viewed 30 August, 2013,

Sydney Morning Herald
Saturday 28 September 1912 page 21.


Speaking to a Herald representative yesterday,  Mr. A. C. W. Hill, the swimming manager at the Olympic Games, said:—"There is a possibility of the brilliant American sprint swimmer Duke Paoa Kahanamoku visiting Australia at au ... 238 words 

Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, September 07, 1912, 3:30 Edition, SPORTS, Image 9

This decision allowed Kahanamoku to
wla the raco and give another Amer
' ."lean a chance to, win third. -If it had
. not been for the fairness of , the Aus
, trallan swimmers In Joining with the
. Americans in asking for the re-swim
- Kahanamoku and his trip to Stock
" holm would have been naught -UZ'-Pralts
Canadian. .' i ' ;; ...
' The Hawaiian said that the Austra
lian swimmers did not Impress him
.with-their greatness, as beeipected
greater things from them, but he had
only-the highest compliments to pay
to ilowdEon. the Canadian youth, who
wou the 1.C0O metre race. This boy
Is the best distance swimmer Kahana

Tomorrow the Duke will go to
AtlanUcXClty. He will take with him
one of Ws surf riding boards. Surf
riding ia Wat sport in Hawaii. The
board Is twenty-three Inches wide and
nlne,fecttln length. Surf 'riding has
never ben tried in America and the
Hawaiian thinks that the element of
danger U the sport will appeal to

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, September 07, 1912, 3:30 Edition, SPORTS, Image 9

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The Tacoma Times.
Tacoma, Washington, October 1, 1912, page 6.

Hawaiian Lecture

Walter Clifford-Smith, representing the Hawaii Promotion Company, will lecture Wednesday evening, October 2, at the First
Christian Church, South 6th and X streets, on "The Hawaiian Wonderland."
One hundred and twenty slides will be shown and
3000 Feet of Moving  Picture Film.
The motion pictures will include the opening of Pearl Harbor by the U. S. armored cruiser California; a passenger steamer leaving the port of Honolulu; shark fishing; surf-riding at the famous Waikiki beach; the annual floral carnival, the Kilauea volcano in action.
The San Francisco Chronicle of August 24 pronounced this volcano picture "the most wonderful thing ever seen" in that city.
The lecture will begin at 8 o'clock p. m.
Admission Free.
A cordial invitation extended to all.
Come and see and listen, adv.

Chronicling America
The Tacoma times. (Tacoma, Wash.) 1903-1949, October 01, 1912, Image 6

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, October 2, 1912, page 1.

Members of Cabinet Go Out on Tug Navajo To Look Over Work

Pearl Harbor is the Knox-Fisher program for this afternoon, when the two cabinet officers will together view Uncle Sam's Pacific naval strong hold, and see for themselves where and how the millions appropriated by Congress are being expended.
Knox Tries Surf.
Waikiki beach behaved like a spoiled child yesterday afternoon, refusing to "act up" for the benefit of the Knox party, who tested the pleasures and excitement of surf riding.
The Secretary, Mrs. Knox and Mr.: Miller got only a taste of the real thing, how ever, for the surf was running very
(Continue on Page 2)

Page 2

(Contlnued from Page 1)
sluggishly over the reef, and the waves that carried the canoe shorward were of tiny proportions.
The rush at express train speed in a smother of spume and flying spray that makes surfing at its best the most thrilling of experiences for tte malihini was lacking, much to the disappointment of the habitues, who were just as anxious for action as the visitors them selves were.

However, the Knox party thoroughly enjoyed themselves and went to their dressing rooms after an hour on the water well pleased with the afternoon's sport.
While in Honolulu on the outward voyage Secretary Knox watched surfing parties with great interest, and expressed a desire to
take a hand in the new game.
So yesterday came a wireiess from the Maryland engaging a canoe for 4 o'clock,
Everything was ready but the surf, and, as above mentioned, that acted in a very sulky and ungracious manner.

Page 4

Posters for the 1913 Mid Pacific Carnival and Eighth Annual Floral Parade were received this morning by the Promotion Committee from the Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
The new poster for the carnival season is one of the most effective that has ever been issued by the Promotion Committee and fits in with the surf-riding reputation which Duke Kahanamoku has made world renowned.
The design finally accepted was that of a German poster artist, and represents a powerful Hawaiian riding the surf.
The figure gives the true atmosphere of surfing action, and thepower and curl of the wave is force fully expressed.
Cards to be sent out carry on one side the surf-riding figure in colors, and the larger cards have a picture of Duke Kahanamoku, the champion short-distance swimmer of the world, with an appropriate text on the climate of Hawaii under the title, "Why Duke Kahanamoku?  Climate."
The smaller cards carry a strong Argument for visiting Hawaii this winter, appear under the title "See America First."

Unfortunately the limited means of the Promotion Committee has allowed only a limited number of the larger posters, but a fair quantity of the postcards.
These, besides being good advertising, because attracting immediate attention, are certain to have a splendid pulling power, as they are of an artistic merit that assures their being kept as souvenirs.

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, October 02, 1912, 2:30 Edition, Image 1

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Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, October 02, 1912, 2:30 Edition, Image 2
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Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, October 02, 1912, 3:30 Edition, Image 4
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The Hawaiian Gazette.
Honolulu, October 4, 1912, page 2.
Kahanamoku and welcome him home.

It was a democratic crowd of the world's swimming champion's admirers that waited for a sight of the game island boy, who, alone and in a strange land thousands of miles away from his native home, captured one of the most coveted honors competed for at the recent Olympiad.

The moment Duke landed he was taken up on the shoulders of a bunch of husky and stalwart fellow-members nftlic 11m Nam and carried through tho
wharf to n waiting automobile where his I
mother wa given her first ehitnco to '
greet him, though tho lady had been '
right at tlio loot ol tho gangway wnea
Hawaii's favored son again touched
bis nntlvo soil.
In tho automobile Duho shook the
bands of those nearest him and as noon
na tho machine could get away ho -was
driven to his homo nt Wuikiki.
Duke Oil Waikikl Early.
Tho good steamer Wilhehninn was off
port bright and early yesterday morning
and laid off quite inshore of Waikikl
for a considerablo lenetb of time Tho
nnd locomotives on tho Haiiroau
wharves, joined in tho noisy wolcomo
with tho luctory whistles of tho city.
Aloha Oe and Hawaii PonoL
As tho steamer wont alongsido tho
dock tho Hnwaiinn Band played Aloha
60 liko no other band in tho world can
piny it and tears came to Duko's eyes
'in grateful recognition of Honolulu's
wolcomo. Hawaii Fonoi followed and
"Duko '8 hat was tho first removed out
of respect to Hawaii's old-time anthem.
The wharf was crowded and it was
with dilliculty that one could move
about. Duho wns tho first passenger
ashore nnd tho moment ho reached tho
foot of tho landing cheer upon cheer
broko loo'O from tho crowd and tho
young world champion was caught up
nnd carried on tho shoulders of his waiting
fellow Hid Nalu members. A tall
mid husky Hawaiian foot policeman
forgot everything else, deserted his post
nf ilntv. nnd wan soon in tho middle of
tho Duke bearers. His arms held tho
island boy tho highest
After having spent n fow hours nt
homo with his folks, Duko camo back
into town and it was with illiucuity
that ho was shanghaied into Attornoy
l!"t W. T. I!n wlin's oflico whero
.-! 1.1... lllll.. rtlmt
per men uwaiivu mm ui .. i...u v
Thanks People of Hawaii.
"Tell the pcpplo of Hawaii, for mo,
that I feci more than I can express,
my gratitude to all for their kindness
during these months and their
warm welcome aloha given mo today
on my return to dear old Honolulu nnd
my native Hawaii," said Kahanamoku.
"It was too bad that I was ulono
over in Europo for many peoplo would
ask me any amount of questions about
this city and tho Islands and it was
impossible for mo to nuswer everything
and everybody.
"Say, but it feels good to get uacK
to Hawaii again. I had a pleasant
timo every moment sinco I left homo
eight months ago nnd everybody
treated mo well."
"Do you wnnt to go to tho next
Olympic meetf" wns asked him.
"Yen, if 1 may. I want to do that
and I will keep in trim until that timo
comes, but. before that, I want to
havo a relay team of Hawaiian swimmers
and some divers for tho creut
water carnival which will tako jdaco
in Kan Francisco nt thu timo of tho
1015 exposition. Hawaii can havo n
team thoro which will beat tho world.'
Pol and Royalty.
"Pol!" mid Duko gulped, "Well, I
had thu first t.iste of real pol nt homo
this morning after 1 Inndod. 1 tasted
tomcthiiig liko poi in Now York when
J camo across Denny Jones ami tho
Mlird of Paradise' people 0110 owning,
but it was u tamo article alongsido tho
lonl thing."
From pel, tho reporter skipped to
royalty Mini asked Duke how many
crowned bonds he had mitt over in old
"Oh, wiill, l iut two or three feliiKf
mill crown priiicw. I miii turn mm
was a klnir wud Mouther a (iuwiiii mm
oUht wtw a itiowu uriure nf hwio
where, but l forget of what," win th
uuulTitnd und attunUhiiiK rply of
th lud y,iuut th myuhy had takvn
y ilia limn) aim iwiiiir.! miii, in
The course had been measured thrco
was a'ro taken by ofllccrs of tho U.
S. cruisers then in port and found to
bo correct and coinciding with that
taken by others.
But tho branch of tho A.
A. U., was astonished and refuted to
bdiovo the story when it was flushed
across to the mainland.
It wns then decided to send Duko
to tho mainland where he could provo
his swimming ability. William T.
ltnwlins, now president of tho Hui
Nalu and chairman of tho Duko Kahanamoku
Fund, u's well its tho probable
next prrshlont of tho local branch
of tho A. A. U.. took tho matter up
burg, he again swam and
Travels in Old and New World.
"I went with tho American team
011 tho Finland which loft' from New
York," said Duko, yesterday. "Wo
stopped nt Antwerp nud from thoro
wont to Stockholm. After tho Olympic
moot a number of us went over to
Hnmburg whero I swnm again and
broko my own rocord. From Hnmburg
I . ... IVUnt... n.l.H n..n Wn-.a
Hitiu Mwlly and always with uu i
on tht unitt man Iu tho final liut
two in hit utty Into un uf thu worM'n at Stwkl.oliu Ibikc tutu l.u nrmi anil lavslml athletic lltln legs lo iti uu bun rni.l it Has
altogether different from that used by
all others whom ho swam against. Ho
has a clean cut-away swish motion of
tho arms which hardly ripples tho water
while tho others splash so much that
they m'ako progress but slowly.
Chairman Rawlins yesterday asked
Duho how would he like a trip to Maui
and Hawaii. "Just what I havo been
wishing for a long while, nothing better,
1 am sure," was Duko's quick response
and right then und there it was
fixed that Rawlins will accompany
Duko at an early dato on a visit to
Maui and Hilo, where tho world's
times boiorc the race and It was again chnmninn -will fivo a few exhibition
noiso tho like o which has not boon measured tho day lifter nnd tho stunts and in porson thank tho good
board here, passenger iiuicu juunu xuo wnicuca island people lor their generous
and tramps, coasting steamers, .v. ere tested again and found to bo' port
. .. .: . , -I zx:.. .. I. . a. . . . . w no.... . . a .iiv ... . 1 r. . j .... ..
launches of nil sires and descriptions,
MUlltlU 111 Jll'lll'b Ullli;! .ItlU L1IV1U tWIO
no question us to tho timers who officiated
for tho A. A. U., as tho timo
At Puuncno thero is a fino swimming
tank nnd nt Hilo tho Wailuku river is
just tho ideal placo for a
After tho European trip Duko visited
Atlantic City whero tho fino surfboard
sent from hero awaited him. Ho says
his surfboard water stunts took everybody
by tho car and thousands woro
out ovory timo ho surfed, to watch his
Gcorgo Preeth Sonic Diver.
In regard to diving stunts tho Island
lud does not think much of what ho
saw along this lino on tho mainland
nnd ho thinks floorgo Freeth can givo
them cards and spades and heat nil of
thorn in fancy and othor diving. Freoth
is now at Coronndo Beach, California,
and was ably seconded by A. Q. Mar-1 but is willing to represent Hawaii at
cnllino, Charles F. Cliilliugnorth, any timo ho is called upon to do so.
Charles B.irron, and a fow others. What Duko is now particularly inter-The
Oalm League camo bravely to the osted in is to tako in hand a relay
front and, through some exhibition I team of Island swimmers nnd iircnaro
games of baeball, started tho ball them for 1015. "It'll bo easy to beat
ing and contributed fivo hundred nnd. nil comers nt tho exposition," is what
fiftj dollars to tho fund necessary to 'Duko iya in this respect,
send Duho away to the States. I Asked if he trained down to too fino
ICnliananinkii went and his success ' a point, Duko said ho did not think
011 tho mninland, and how ho made tho so. He had somo littlo dilliculty at tho
American Olympic team, is n matter start to master 1110 turns in lanu .swim-
of lccciit hUtory too well known and ming. This he was novor called upon
not necessary to be repeated here. to negotiate nt Wnihiki and, in tho
Duko mndo nt Stockholm nnd ' ginning, it puzzled him. but ho soon
established a now world record In tho ' Gt it down pat. Bo did not complain
hundred metro raco and later, at Ham-1 about tho temperaturo of tho water at
broko his own , btocKliolni. There, when tho races
enmo off, it was from four to six do
grecs lower than nt wnikiki,
Samo Old Duke.
Duko Kahaiiniuoku looks tho snmo ns
when ho loft Hnwaii in
not a dnv older,
i tCMb IU V.VIUKHU. I.IVU VillllU iUlfP . I .. .. I"..!.. 4..1.... .. 1 1 1.
1 1 1.. I l..f f (....: . lB ilinu i unity us 111) un uiuuru I1D
Soutlmmi.lou und hero I nm. ! 8'l'edn couple of records over a year
"I was only three days in San Fran-
Ono very noticeable nnd pleasing
I thing nbout tho hid is that all of his
lato successes have not turned his head.
Ho is tho samo unassuming and rctir...

 After the European trip Duke visited Atlantic City where the fine surfboard sent from here awaited him.
He says his surfboard water stunts took everybody by the car and thousands were out every time he surfed, to watch his work.

ago in tlio local harbor.
Tll "l Nn, l'd char ot iho
oYiTl stay1
Cisco tloy wanted mo to
fe W e' un'm,tThorwant mc;''Uu,;i ''" rousing luau,
l,rt,i,nra ,0" for, wl,ic1', wcru ln ,cllarK
back, hoMover. I arrived there Sun-'
"hole week advance under the
1 ff in
day, September 22, and left iC8.
day September 25. While in tho city oia 0Lw,?.i?J ". U,S8.8l,orttll' Antona hnoo tho
I swam two exhibition
races and mndo them in 59 Hut each." """t1!"" " '""I 'B Jintauco
Kuhaunmoku thinks if ho had a full t'hnmpion.
Hawaiian relay team ho would havo i
a nnnn mnn
..,. RULE,
i I.. i. ..- i... i
nun mill itiiu in iiiu oiui niiuiiii iui iiiu i ,. . t. . , , ,
Mho ta rillo of homo
American.. Ho swnm tho last bin 111 your to keep
i i.i. ..,iv w i i. i... ,... .i,.. i..,i Chaiiinerlnlirs Colic, Cholera nnd
tho opposing nlmincr hud, in half, tho '"'' V,"'1"", ,n afeBunrd
.n..... ...7 . i.. .' i.i... .L ,. ngalnst bowel comidniuts. For snlo by
UIBIMllVU ,, ll.U nuui I UI nun U 'U t .. c...i,i. c. n lil ,. . -
able to owrtuku the other man. For '""' "'""" "K""1" ,ut
tho American relay toam 1'orry "nw""'
livary wns t no iirt man to start oil
and no was about a vnrd nhoad of his
.....,.. ..n....,..m.... it i .t.
iiruirpi i (iui.i:ii BWlllll liiu . i. ,,
' ' Yntl Kit mil in n tnv hut tirnlnr'n
second lup nud fliiikhed about oven with i ,, x., ii , ' "wt,ro'' ., , , ,
the oppoilng man but llarrv Horner.1. 1W'"' ' " ilnvotoa
who tm'k (ho third I.. Imt gVound and , ", , 1ll,neh ?I
mo!f. But that
Mklnr go.itlo.
flm.bml about uiur Urunds T after th
winner of (hi. Ip, or about ten yard,, ZhV'uXLlll filar "'"" '
Duko wont iu for tit fourth and last '"" ' """"'"Bton bUr.
lap but, though ho eut the lend of the "
other HWliiiiiior In hulf, bo eouhl not lit)
Uh fir.t.

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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, October 04, 1912, Image 2
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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, October 5, 1912, pages 9 and 16.

Local Swimmer Made Friends Everywhere, but San Franciscans Outdid Themselves at  the Time of His Last Visit - Was Fornunate in Living with Lew Henderson's People During Stay in Philadelphia.

Duke Kahanamoku made a host ot friends everywhere, he went during his mainland wanderings, but San Francisco seems to have given him an especially warm welcome, and he left there with the understanding that be could cross the Pacific and hang his
hat in the Bay City any old time he felt like it.

Most of the time that Duke spent in America was put in at Phlladeiphia, where he had the good luck to live with Lew G. Henderson's family and a great deal of his early success is undoubtedly due to the pleasant home surroundings which enabled him to forget his homesickness, and throw himself heart and soul into the task of perfecting his swimming style.

But it was on the Coast, just before his return, that things were cut loose for Duke's benefit.
The papers all gave him plenty of space, and some of the sport writers spread themselves on his past history and future

The following story about Duke written by F. J. Mannlx, of the San Francisco Bulletin, is of considerable local interest:
All of which, however, goes by way of  of prefacing the announcement of the few facts that the duke, who has been in town for the last four or five days, consented yesterday to talk for the  brief space of ten minutes about himself and his art, and left this noon for his his home in Honolulu.
The duke will be remembered by American enthusiasts who followed the progress of the world's games at Stockholm a
short while ago as one of the brightest of the Olympic stars.
So bright was he, and is he , that he holds a mark of 55 2-5 second for the 100 yard distance.
In addition he swam the 100 meters at Stockholm in the phenomenal time of 1:02.2 and a few weeks later, at Hamburgh, chopped it down to 1:01.1.
From this it will be seen that there is hardly any need of saying that his reputation is pretty well established - foreign mermen are
only too anxious to concede the point.

One of the Duke's most striking characteristics is his modesty.
He is loath to expatiate on his prowess, and it is only by the closest kind of questioning that he can be drawn out and made to talk about his wonderful career, which is as brilliant as it is short.
Up until August of last year Duke had never participated in any sort of a swimming competition, and contented himself with riding the surf in the vicinity of his native Honolulu.
Duke - no one ever attempts to pronounce the last name - judged even from an Aryan viewpoint of physical pulchritude, borders on perfection.
Uses Crawl Stroke

Duke uses the "crawl stroke" almost exclusively.
He says he finds that with it the amount of power with the minmum amount of work is obtained.
He has not regard for any other method when there is any real work to be done although at times he uses the "trudgeon" and a number of other systems of similar ilk.
The Duke has a way of using his feet using his feet altogether new to this part of the globe.
Instead of kicking them like most swimmers in an effort see botw much water they can disturb, the Hawaiian Adonis moves them in a sort of propeller fashion, which he demonstrated last night, is sufficient to give more headway without the aid of his

(Continued on Page 16)

Page 16.

(Continued from Page 9)

arms than the average swimmer can secure with the use of all members.

Just to show that he has not retrograded since his appearance in Stockholm, last night, at the Olympic Club he chopped a second off the Coast record for the 100 yards held by Scott Leary, making; the distance in 59 seconds with the utmost ease and without anyone to sress him.
At the conclusion of the Olympiad, Duke, in company with three other members of the American swimming team, made a tour of all the big European cities, and in every place was accorded a magnificent reception.
On his arrival in America again he spent three weeks at Atlantic City surf riding, to the edification of some thousands of admiring spectators. Society gave him an open-armed reception, and he was every bit as much the idol with the fair four hundred misses as the raggedest little urchin that stared open-mouthed In admiration at what he would like to be when he grew up.

Swimmer to Return.

The Duke is in love with America, and particularly with California.
Although up until a few months ago he had spent all of his twenty-two years in his island home, his experiences in this country have infused him with a strong desire to make his permanent residence here.
He has been away from home for close on to eight months, and outside of his wish to see the "old folks," as he put it last night, he has no wish to return.

On his departure this morning a large delegation of local athletic lights accompanied him down to the pier.
He was plainly affected by the hospitality shown him, and expressed his thanks in a quivering voice.
As the steamer backed away from the wharf he leaned over the rail and cried out that he would be back at the first opportunity.
"I can't wait until 1915 boys.
I'm coming back just as soon as I can, and that is going to he sooner than you think."
As the liner turned up the bay he was still shading his eyes with his hands and gazing on one little group at the wharf.

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The Hawaiian Gazette.
Honolulu, October 11, 1912, page 7.

Promotion Committee Host for Editor Noyes and for Mr. Rayment
(From Wednesday's Advertiser)

The promotion committee entertained two distinguished visitors yesterday, Edward Rayment, present director of the New South Wales Immigration and Tourist Bureau, and Theodore William Noyes, editor of the Washington Star.
Mr. Rayment has been performing Percy Hunter's duties in Australia during Hunter's absence in Europe, and now Mr. Rayment goes to the great metropolis for a three years sojourn to represent Australia, while Hunter returns to Sydney, via Honolulu, arriving here during February and remaining for carnival week.
It was Hunter's praises of Honolulu that determined Mr. Rayment to go to London via Hawaii.
He was charmed with his stay in the city.

After lunch the visitors were taken out to the Pali, and then around Diamond Head and to the aquarium.
The wind-up was made at the Outrigger Club, where Duke Pauoa Kahanamoku held a conference with Mr. Raymont (about?) a visit of the Hawaiian swimming champion to Australia.
Both of the visitors spent the afternoon surfing in canoes and watching the Hawaiian boys and Outrigger members disporting themselves on the surfboards.
Neither of them wished to leave Honolulu.
They will both be great promotionists for the Islands hereafter.

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, October 16, 1912, page 1.

Judge , A. A. Wilder announced  this morning that $2600 has already been raised for the fund to send the Hawaiian polo team to California early next spring for the big polo series there.
He is very much gratified with the public response that is being  made.
Judge Wilder's activity in helping raise this fund follows close on the heels of the successful canvass he made for the Duke Kahanamoku fund, as the result of which the $2500 to buy Duke a house and lot has been practically all raised.

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The Maui News.
Wailuku, Maui, October 19, 1912, page 1.

"Our Duke" Made Good

Duke Kahanamoku has well repaid his friends on Maui by giving three good swimming exhibitions.
All those who donated money to the Duke Fund, and many others who did not give anything, have had an opportunity of seeing the World's Champion in action.
On Wednesday evening Duke swam and illustrated his strokes at Puunene.
There was a big crowd present, and the sport was enjoyed.
On Thursday afternoon Duke gave un exhibition in the Kahului Harbor.
He swam one hundred yards against two men in relays and beat them.
There were several hundred people congregated along the wharves and beach.
Duke got a great reception and was cheered for his performance.
It was at last night's exhibition in at the Puunene tank, however, that Duke put up the best showing of the present Maui tour.
The youth was like a fish in the water, and he, propelled himself as if he were motor launch.
The speed that he initiated in one of his wonderful.
Duke now makes the "turns" in a tank in true style.
He has mastered the art thoroughly.
There was a large and select crowd there last night and everyone managed to get a view of the exhibition.
W.T. Rawlins, Duke's manager, looked after things.
The party of swimmers spent yesterday at Mr. Searby's beach house.


On Wednesday evening there was another Republican Rally at Puunene, although Shingle and Breakons had returned to Honolulu, Kuhio and Desha were on the job.
There was a large attendance at the Puunene tennis courts, where a platform for the speakers had been erected. F. F. Baldwin introduced the orator and then the Delegate and Desha did their best.
Kuhio repeated, pratically, his Wailuku speech, and was will received.
He urged the Republican Voters to vote for the selected candidates.
Desha was eloquent, as usual, and he did good work.
W. T. Rawlins, who came to Maui with Duke Kahanamoku, had a few words to say.
He spoke of the good work done by Duke and declared that the Hawaiian Champion had done some great advertising for the islands.
The meeting adjourned at nine thirty and then Duke Kahanamoku gave an exhibition of swimming.

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, October 23, 1912, page 9.


Hilo was out in force to welcome the swimmer when Duke and his party arrived there Sunday morning on the Claudine.
The party was in charge of William Rawlins and consisted of Duke, Dude Miller, Kaupiko, Kaawa and Hustace.
 A committee of the Hiio Board of Trade met them at the wharf, which took the party to the Hilo Hotel in a machine.
During Sunday afternoon the party was taken to the volcano by Kealoha and his Hawaiian friends, who also entertained them at luncheon the following afternoon.
Duke's numerous medals and other trophies were brought along and these were displayed at the Hilo Emporium by Mr. Vicars, who provided an attractive setting for them.

The main event of the day was an exhibition race in the afternoon on the railroad wharf.
The course was laid out in the morning and the start was made from a scow which had been placed at the disposal of the world champion by D. E. Metzger, as well as a launch and crew.
The weather for the occasion was not of the best, but nevertheless a surprisingly large crowd turned out and crowded the wharf and the nearby boats.

The first event was a relay race between the champion and three of the best fifty-yard swimmers in the Islands.
This race was declared a dead heat by referee Rawlins.
No time was taken.
In the afternoon an other exhibition was given by Duke in the Wailuku river.
Conditions were not as good here as the water was fresh and icy cold.
A race was pulled off in which Duke swam across the river against a relay composed of Kaupiko and Kaawa.
It was an impromptu affair without start or finish marks, but was intensely interesting as an exhibition.

The Duke party returned yesterday.

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The Daily Telegraph
30th October, 1912, page ?



He is not really a duke.
Duke is his christian name.
He is the world's champion sprint swimmer, and is wanted in Australia - in Sydney.

Duke Paoa Kahanamoku is the greatest "speed merchant" the world has ever seen over 100 metres.

"We want the duke (sic)," said delegates in chorus at last week's meeting of the Amateur Swimming Association, when the question of inviting championship swimmers from overseas was being discussed.

Mr. A.C.W. Hill. manager of the Australian swimmers at the late Olympic Games, and late hon. secretary of the local association, was in the chair.
He explaned how when at Stockholm he had approached Kahanamoku, who entered the water for America; G. Hodgson (Canada), who won the world's distance championships at the games; and G. Hatfield (England), who has been clocked to do some fine times in England recently.
Hodgson and Hatfield could not ome to Australia, as already been explained in these columns.
But Kahanamoku - yes; he was willing to come, indeed anxious to make the trip to Australia.
It was only necessary, it seemed to him, to invite Kahanamoku, and he would come across.

Mr. "Cliff" Jones (Rose Bay), and hon. treasurer of the association, ever with an eye to the financial side of the question, pointed out that a flyer such as Kahanamoku would be sure to prove a great draw, and on his motion they have decided to ask Duke to pay us a call.
There is every probability that the invitation will be accepted, and local swimming fans can prepare themselves for the greatest swiming treat that has to date been served up in the Domain Baths.


The home of Duke is Honolulu.
He is Hawaiian pure blooded.
Never did an athlete have such a welcome home as Duke when he returned to Honolulu in October.
His words, "This is my own native land," made him the most popular man in all Hawaii.
He is only a young man, barely out of his teens.
He is big built and tall, he has a a very broad expanse of shoulders, and every inch of his body and limbs show that rounded muscular development so characteristic of a throughly-trained swimmer.
Yet withall he is slim.
Naturally long armed, he makes the best use of this feature of his build that nature has accorded him.
"He has abnormally big feet" - that is the impression he gave the Australian champion, W. Longworth.
All the Hawaiians swim.
They are fine swimmers, too.
They are not confined to baths, but swim far out into the Pacific.
They have no fear of sharks.
The Hawaiians are amoung the most accomplished surf-shooters in the world.
They have splendid breakers off their coast.
Should Kahanamoku come to Sydney (he is claimed to be the world champion surf-shooter in Honolulu), he will surely astonish local surfers with is (sic, his) evolutions in the breakers.


Kahanamoku's leap into prominance was almost as sudden as that of Longworth's.
The first heard concerning him outside Honolulu was when he was credited with covering 100yds. in 55 2-5sec., which equalled the world record of the American, C. M. Daniel's.
Honolulu officials immediately applied to the body that controls American swimming - the A.A.U. - to have the record chronicled.
Doubts were cast on the authenticity of the performance.
The watches were wrong.
The measurements of the course were incorrect.
Hawaii was highly indignant.
The Games were approaching.
A subscription list opened which was readily responded to.
Sufficient funds were quickly available to send Duke to the mainland to compete in the American national championships and tests for representation at Olympia.

His first appearance suprised swimming America, and the suprise grew to wonderment.
No longer was his record doubted, for he equalled it, and beat it, though not under championship conditions.
He went to Stockholm the hope of America.
America did not draw the colour line in this instance.
Duke is a coloured boy.
America wanted him, and shut her eyes to that fact.


Everyone in Sydney knows the Australian crawl - the regular arm work and neat, deliberate movement of the legs, which "plomp, plomp" in and out of the water in a vertical direction, sychronising with the arm movements.
But few have seen the American crawl - the Daniels crawl.
It is a stroke similar in many respects to the local style when mastered, but when seen for the first time rather unusual.
Here is seen the rapid double kick, and this is the great difference.
This double kick is very hard to master, and the majority of the front rank Americans have adopted its use.
But of them all Kahanamoku is the "king pin" of style.
High out of the water he swims and his legs twinkle up and down under the surface at an astonishing rate.
His is a continuous rapid vertical movement which is quite independent of his arm action and as for his arms he moves them in a comparatively deliberate and leisurely manner, and he makes his stroke by slipping the arms into the water with the hands turned sideways.
He glides along the surface at a speed that is said to be amazing, but as sustained action of this kind is very exhausting is seen to slow down considerably after negotiating 50 yards or more.


Kahamamoku's arm action is perhaps the most noticeable variation from the Cavill crawl to the close student of the art of swimming.
In the Cavill method the arms are brought over with with a snap, bent at the elbow.
In the "ducal" style the arms are brought over more slowly and extended practically to their limit for their plough through the water.
Then he changes his arms with a slower roll than did the Cavills.

Once under way, the duke (sic) rushes through the water at a great clip, slashing the brine into a turmoil and shovelling it back of him into a conglomeration of suds.
His leg action is the Cavill style down to the minutest detail, though if anything, the leg chop is closer to the surface.
The legs are worked fast, and he gets about twice as much action out of them as he does out of the arms.
He has acquired the art of turning nicely, and sneaks around the ends of the tank like an eel.


A well-educated young fellow is Kahanamoku.
He has been through the college course at Honolulu and he can speak several languages.
In manner he is free, easy and companionable, reminding me of Alex. Wickham.
He is of modest disposition.
With his great reputation he would, without doubt, draw great crowds to all the baths here in which he appeared.


The proposal is to get Kahanamoku here in time to compete in the State championship carnivals.
The question now arises, Will there be any swimmer in Australia capable of giving him anything like a race?
It looks as if there will be a dearth of real first-class sprinters this year.
A visit of a champion swimmer is just what is needed here to make the sport boom, and all swimmers will echo the sentiment expressed at the championship meeting of the association, "We want the duke (sic)."


The council concluded the meeting with a discussion on the question of inviting a foreign swimmer to Australia during the season, and as the only swimmer likely to accept an invitation was the 100 metres Olympic champion, Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, it was decided to invite him.
The control of international visits, however, is in the hands of the Australian Swimming Union with power to delegate same, and the hon. secretary was accordingly instructed to ask the union for power to extend the invitation.
If it is desired to have Duke here in time for the State championship, no time should be wasted, as the consent of the Amateur Athletic Union of the United States will have to be obtained.
His presence would undoubtedly prove a great attraction, and stimulate public interest in swimming in the achievements of this human flying fish.

The returned Olympic swimmers report that, in addition to being a phenomeon in the water, Kahanamoku, like the majority of Americans, is a fine fellow.
Besides being a marvellous performer over the shorter distances, the Hawaiian was also the fastest of the American team over 200 metres, and in salt water, with the long lap, would be on equal terms with our swimmers over that distance.

This document was provided courtesy of Ray Moran at the Australian Surfing Museum and Manly SLSC.

Image right:
The Hawaiian Swimmer
World record holder 100 metres,
Time 1 min. 2 3/5 secs.

Merman (W. F. C. Corbett): Wonderful Hawaiian - Duke Paoa Kahanamoku.
The Daily Telegraph, Sydney, 30th October, 1912.
Hopkinsville Kentuckian.
Hopkinsville, Kentucky, November 12, 1912, page 2.

The November Wide World Magazine.

One of the most interesting articles in the November Wide World Magazine is "The Surfboard Riders of Hawaii."
The author calls it "the king of summer sports" and few people reading his account of its delights and thrills will be inclined to cavil at the description.
Surf-riding is one of the most ancient pastimes of the Hawaiians, but the white man has taken to it with enthusiasm and bids fair to beat the native at his own game.

Another interesting article is "In Pursuit of Sllver-Tips," which recounts how a party of cow-punchers went after a couple of silver-tipped bears with their ropes and an old revolver minus a sight.
Nothing more exching than the sequel has ever happened in Wyoming.
Other articles which will be widely read are "With a Camera in Egypt," "To Menelik With a Motor," "The Pirates of the Neuvra Tigre" and "In the Heart of South America."

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, November 14, 1912, page 4.

Duke Kahanamoku has been invited to swim in Australia
That's easy.
Now if he had been invited to swim to Australia, it would have been something worth "the Duke's" effort.

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Sydney Morning Herald
1 December 1912, page 12.

The North Steyne Surf-bathers' Life-saving Club successfully held its sixth annual carnival at Manly on saturday.
It was estimated that 15,000 people witnessed the proceedings.
Every point of vantage overlooking the surf at North Steyne was occupied.
The Manly Band rendered selections during the afternoon.

Great interest was centred in the rescue and resusicitation competition for the Begg's Shield (valued at 100 guineas), which is to be won three times before coming the property of any club.
In 1911 North Steyne won, and in 1912 Bondi was successful.
The latter (A and B teams) were again victorious on Saturday, scoring first and second places with 54 and 52 points respectively; North Steyne being third with 49 points.
The winners hold the shield for 12 months.
The alarm race was also an exciting event, Dr. C.N. smith (North Steyne) defeating Cecil Healy (Manly Surf Club) by about 2s.

The grand parade and march past of clubs, with full life saving equipment, was a splendid display.
Bronte, Freshwater, Manly, North Steyne, Newcastle, Manly Life-saving Club, Bondi, Coogee and North Bondi were represented, the lattter winning the prize.

A special attraction was a team of a dozen Ellice islanders, who were picturesquely clad.
Their songs and war dances were performed admist much merriment.
Subsequently they gave displays in a surf boat.
Mr. Fred Notting also gave interesting displays in his well-known canoe Big Risk.

- Noted in S&G Champion: Drowning, Bathing and Life Saving (2000) page 177.

The Sun
Sydney, 3 December 1912, page 1.

Cecil Healy's Experiences.

Champion swimmer Healy, who looks hale
and hearty after his successful Olympic trip, did not neglect his other love, surf-bathing, during his eight-months' absence from Australia, and on the Manly chairs, after a dip in the briny which he said had been his most enjoyable surfing experience since he left Sydney for Stockholm, he was asked for a word or two about the British, and Continental surf-bathing centres he had visited while abroad.
"I went away," said Mr. Healy, "with the object of making every post, a winner and seeing as much as possible in the way of
scenery and everything of interest In the Old-World, i wanted to see the industrial side of life as well as the sporting, and having
kept In communication with my various Continental friends during the last five years, It was like going back to old chum.
Their hospitality and thoughtfulness were unbounded, and I bad the time of my life.
When we had fulfilled our swimming engagements and were asked by our friends whether there was anything else they could
do for us, we invariably requested to be conducted over the largest manufacturing concerns, with the Idea of being able to say
with Kipling's Tommy Atkins,''I learnt about women from her.''

"Regarding' surf-bathing resorts, I bathed in the' surf at Copenhagen, and at the leading pathlng centres " of Holland, Germany,
Belgium, Italy, Frarice, England, Scotland, and Ireland, and Colombo besides Capetown on my way back, so I had any amount of
experience of what the pastime is outside Australia.
"Scotland was the only country where I had any real surf-bathing, and the locality was Aberdeen: The beach Is a good one, and the waves were suitable for shooting.
It happened to be a boisterous day when I arrived; and It took me fully ten minutes before I could persuade the man at the dressing bo to let me go out.
It was the assurance that I came from .Australia, that
secured, rae -hls perrnissibn at last.

i rode a few waves he stood and gaped!
went down next day with some Scotch people interested in swimmlng with the idea of showlng them how to "shoot'' the waves, but was disgusted to find no surf at all!
"We have heard a lot," continued Mr. Healy, "about the indecency of the costumes worn here, but it might surprise many to learn what is permitted in this direction in Puritanical Scotland!
At Aberdeen the
men ' are allowed to bathe in the ordinary 'V' trunks.
 No neck-to-knee business, just the trunks, and they walk to and from the dressing boxes in this very primitive attlre.

"At Ostend the beach is sandy, but thewaves, are of no account.
They are only
baby waves.
You can't call It surf-bathing
The bathers only, bob up and down in the water, and the whole concern amounts to only a promenade show.
"Surf-bathing at Ostend, and, Indeed, the most of the British and Continental surfing centres, is not a pastime for the poor.
from the superiority of the Australian surfing waters, Australians should see what a costly sport it is abroad to recognise how lucky we are here.
At Ostend they charge from one franc to 15 for a cabin.
You have
| to ''tip' the man who draws you out to the water's edge and the man who hauls your box hack again.
The magnificent fellow who
stands in the water with a life-line tied round, his body, and numerous medals on his breast, blowing a horn on every occasion that he gets a chance when people go a little beyond a wave, has also to be tipped.
I may say that I gave him plenty of opportunity for exercising his lungs.
I nearly
forgot to mention that the individual who pushes the door of your bathing box open has likewise, to be remunerated.

"Vast sums of money," said Mr. Healy,"have been spent on these Continental resorts, and, they .have been beautified to a
wonderful extent.
Money has been lavished
to provide attractive, promenades, luxurious hotels, fascinating casinos, and every other inducement to spend one's cash, but as far as natural beauty is concerned, I am confident that Manly is unsurpassed anywhere.
There is nothing that I have seen to excel our lovely harbor and ocean views, while our beaches and surf cannot be beaten.
scemery of our surrounding country provides pretty and interesting drives not to be equalled elsewhere.

"At Mount Lavinia, near Colombo, on the way to Stockholm I took advantage of our stay and tried the surf there.
The waves
were capable of being shot, although small.
"While bathing there an amusing Incident occurred.
While I was in the water a
young native armed with a big knife kept running up and down the beach and throwing out his chest.
I was puzzled to know,his object, but after some time discovered that he was supposed to be protecting me from sharks!
On coming out of the water I was assailed by loud demands for remuneration for his services.
He got a coin
from me for the originality of his 'backsheesh' extracting business.

"I did not see Durban; . unfortunately, but saw some 'good surf-shooting at a seaside resort near Capetown.
Shooting the -waveswas very popular there, but , It was all donewith boards
. Only one. or two couid manlpu-.late >the -waves in our .style,, and these, were'Soqth- '-Africans who: had visited Australia'
and gone home enamored with our exhilarating pastime. . . . . ';/ .
"At Copenhagen, I;. forgot ,o mention,; wfl;vhiilng Iri- .regard to ocean haihlng.
 There, Isa huge enclosure, and the then and women bathe - quite : naked, but they ;aije lii.. a'rpasfully 300' ya'rds apart..
 . A. well-known Sydney swimmer .now resident in London- -'soineyears1' ago swam over in Ignorance to the ladles' quarters, apd had a very perplexing few minutes of It until he had got out of their neighborhood by a record sprint.
"The "many Australian friends," concludedMr. Healy, "of Mr. "W. Henry, hon. secretary ' of the Royal . Llfesavlng ' Society, .who
visited the Commonwealth two.-yeare ago, wUijbe learn thai'.'is"wefi, and that he affectionately remembers Australian surf
ers for the hospitality extended to him.
reel presented to Mr. Henry by the Surf-bathing Association of New South Wales has been constantly' In demand at the ' different carnivals held- in the London baths, and has never failed to draw forth hearty applause from the audiences.
 Mr. Henry and I had a very pleasant experience in Hamburg, when we .visited that city a few '.monthsi back. In 1806 we both were there together,and in return for the hospitality showeredon us on all sides we .gave a trophy— a' shield— for schools' competition. It was apleasant- surprise to find the - trophy, , which 'they, called the 'Healy-Henry,' had developedInto a big annual affair In connection withschool life. Twenty schools had entered,andi the winners were- regarded as heroes.
We landed on the very day of the fixture, and were present at the. contest."

1912 'SURF BATHING ABROAD.', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 3 December, p. 1. (FINAL EXTRA), viewed 05 Nov 2016,

The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, December 06, 1912, Image 7

Duke Kahanamoku's Honolulu
Records Are Finally
Accepted. .
mm 1 fl
Who congratulates Hawaii on Duke's
victories Dr. Luther was born in Honolulu,
December l, 1803, forty-seven
years ago yesterday.
,It tool, almost a year and n half, but,
after all, tho A. A. U. has finally recognized
Duke Kahanamoku's time in tho
fifty nnd hundred yards straightaway
swimming dashes made iu iu Honolulu
harbor August 12, 1011, when ho broke
tho world's recoids for both distances.
It was tho then refusal of tho organization
to accept Duke's timo in these
two water sprints which got local
sportsmen warmed up to tho extent of
tending Hawaii's champion to the mainland
to prove over again what ho had
accomplished at home. He did this nnd
more, for ,he was chosen a member of
the American swimming team, and at
Stockholm carried tho American colorB
to victory In tho hundred meters race.
At its recent meeting in" Now York tho
American Athletic Union of tlio Unitod
States named tho official amateur records
established during 1012 nnd
the two disputed records of Duko
Kihanmnoku mado in 1911 here in Honolulu.
Thcso nro final nnd
and were sanctioned by tho A. A.
tf. only nftcr each case had been investigated.
Tho list this year is a long
ono and contains, for tho first timo, of
I course, tlio name of n Hawaiian Duko
Lorrlrl Andrews, secretary of the
otal branch of the national body of
he A. A. U., received yesterday from
Dr. Luther II. Oulick, of New York, a
litter of congratulation together with
rortlflrd copits of the ncceptol record
which, beside DukoV Stockholm victory,
lncln.lo tho local records made
August IS, 1UU.
Dr. Luther II. Onlick's letter is as
Popnrtment of
00 Metropolitan Tower, Now York Cfly,
November 20, 1012.
Mr. lorrtn Andrew, Honolulu, Hawaii.
D6ar Mr, Andrews: T enclose a slip
giving tho new swimming records. I
want to congratulate you upon tho
wholo proceeding. It was a splendid
record, excellent not only in its phys
ical attainment, but excellent also in
tho impression which ho hns
mndo ns a sportsman. With very best
vrisiics, I am
Sincerely yours.
The swimminR records nbovo referred
to nro ns follows
CO yards, bath, two turns. 0:2S 3-5
Kenneth Hiis74igl, C. A. A., Illinois A
C. bnth, Chicago, Mnrch 12, 1012.
(50 yards straightaway, tidal salt
writ or, 0s24 1-5 Duke P. Knbanamoku,
H. S. C, Honolulu, H. T., August 12,
1011 (made nt high tido, not aided by
1U0 yards straightaway, tidal salt
water. 0:i."5 2-!5 Duko P. Kahnnnmoku.
il, a. u., Honolulu, ll. T., August J",
1011 (mado at high tido, not aided by
220 yards, open still wntcr, ono turn,
2:40 Duke P. Knhanamoku, II. 8. 0.,
Verona Lake, Montclair, New Jersoy,
dune 11, 1012. 1
440 yards, bnth, 21 turns, 5:23 2-C
Porry McGillivray, Illinois A. C, Illinois
A. O. bath, Chicago, October 31, 1012.
One mile, open, still salt water, 21
turns, 25:30 l-i L. IJ. Goodwin, N. Y.
A. C, Stecplcchaso Tark uatatoriiim,
Coney Island, New York, September IP,
1012. (
HnclvRtroke, 150 yards, bath, 7 turns,!
1:5211. .7. Hebncr, Illinois A. C. bath,1
I'liicngo, Febiuary 15, 1012.
Ureaststrolto, 200 yards, bath, 0 turns,
2:38 4-5 Michael JlcDermott, O. A. A.,
Chicago A. A. bath, Chicago, Illinois,
.March 13, 1012.
Itelny racing, 400 yards, four men, 100
yards each, 20 yard bath, 3:51 2-5 Illinois
A. C. team (T. W. Wiuans, 1:00
2-5; A. C. Itaithel, 0:58 1-5; H. J.
0:55 4-5; Perry McOlllivrny, 0:57),
Illinois A. 0. hath, Chicago, Illinois,
April 27, 1012.
Holny racing, 500 yards,
lenm, 100 yards each, 20-yard bath,
1:52 3-5 Illinois A. C. team (abovo,
and Itobert Foster. 1:01 1-5), Illinois A.
( bath, Chicngo, Illinois, April 27, 1012.
100 meters, backstroke, opon water.
straightaway, l':20 1-5 Hamburg, July
22, 1012.
Plunging, one-minute, time limit, bnth,
30 feet F. D. Wills, University of
Pennsylvania, U. of P. bath
phia, Pennsylvania, March 9, 1912.
100 meters, open, fresh water straight-
awav. 1:01 3-5 Duko Kahanamoku.
Hamhurc. Germany. July 21, 1912.
Olympic Records, Stockholm, 1912,
100 motors, opon, fresh wnter,
comin Mid-Pacific Carnival, which is
. . , ., . , , . ,
, w"ld P Pobrunty 22 in a blaze of
' glory and whatnot, n movement is be-
straightnway, 1:02 2-5 Duko Kahana-. Thero was nn awnkening among
Stockholm, 1912. len Bwiminors when littlo KuthWayson
100 meters, backstroke, fresh water, stacker dofeated Mrs. Terio Desch in
straightaway, 1:20 4-5 Harry J. Hib- a thirty-yard swim horo Homo months
ner, Stockholm, 191B. Il(,0) ,lIuj sinco then quito a number of
tho ceiitlo sex have been getting into

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, December 06, 1912, Image 7

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, December 21, 1912, 3:30 Edition, Image 10

 The -work of preparing for the big
Mid-Winter Carnival la now practi
cally completed, and if the plans go
not awry, the parade this year will be
far and away the- finest ever shown
here;.. tSo smuch became evident - yes
terday' afternoon,"" at the meeting of
the special finance committee, of
which Fred L. Waldron is the chair
roan, and the ' promotion committee
yesterday afternoon.:. Director-General
: Chillingworth, has outlined his
plans for a four-day celebration, wind
ing up with, the "Landing of Kame
bameba the ; Great" at -t Walkiki
beach, Washington's Birthday. ?. ;
- Kamehameba will be represented by
Palenapa, . who is , considerably over
six feet In height and weighs nearlr
three hundred pounds, but splendidly
proportioned.;- Wearing 2 the feather
cloalc and helmet vof , his t rank,. the
monarch wiU Jand on the shore be
tween the Seaside and Moana hotels,
where he will be received by the peo
ple of Oabn.:. A Hawaiian hookupu o:
gift ceremony will be., shown, when he
will be presented with fruits and taro
and pigs.-; - v. w -i f-i- ': ' -i
i There will be native houses and Ha
walians seen making - mats, ,tP8
pounding poi and living as Hawaiians
did one hundred years, ago.
-r All this is to be staged under the
direction of W Adam k. so: that the
entire .scene vwill . be .witnessed . from
afar nd the entire, setting wiU stand
out clearly .and; not be - marred . by
cloee. lines of spectators. In. order to
have, the double war: canoe. Prince
Kalanianaole's .canoe now at Kallua,
and 'another wUi be .brought . here
from Kallua. Hawaii, and lashed to
gether.;by a Hawaiian 1. who did the
same, for those, in the Bishop Museum,
'U There are also to he aquatic sports,
consisting of surf riding,' canoe races
and many stunts. Duke Kahanamoku
will be a star attraction la the surfing
and swimming performances.

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, December 21, 1912, 3:30 Edition, Image 10

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Persistent link:

The Hawaiian Gazette
Honolulu, December 24, 1912, page 6.

Arranqements Near Completion
for Great Mid-Winter
Landing of Kamehameha Will Be
. Great Spectacle Other
If enthusiasm counts for anything
the coming Mid-Pacific Carnival to bo
held in tho Washington Birthday week
in Tcbruary will bo ono of tho groatest
spectacles from first to Inst that has
ever been attempted in tho Hawaiian
Islands, not only as an attraction for
Islanders, but for tourists from all
pnrts of tbo world.
Director-General Chillingworth, appearing
before tho special finance committee,
of which Prcd L. Waldron is
chairman, and tho promotion committee,
yesterday aftornoon, explained along
general linos what ho proposed to offer
inr n fnnr flnva' tlin nrntirn.
ine event being the glorification of old-
time personalities which nmdo Hawaii,
a hundred ana more years ago, a key
to tho affairs of tho Pacific,
The "Landing of Kamehameha the
Great," at "Waikiki beach on Wellington's
Birthday, will be a spcctaclo
which will call for tho most caroful
of staging and will show tho great
Napoleon of tho Pacific skirting tho
shore of Onhu around Diamond Head
in his great doublo war-canoe, followed
by a largo number of canoes fillod with
chiefs, paddlcrs and warriors.
Great Pageant.
Kamehameha will bo represented by
a magnificent typo of Hawaiian, such
a typo as Kamehameha was, in tho person
of Pnlenapa, who is considerably
over six feet in height and weighs
ucnrly thrco hundred pounds, but
proportioned. Wearing tho feather
cloak and helmet of his rank and
surrounded by chiefs armed with spears
and by his two whito advisors, the,
monarch will land on tho shoro between
the Seaside and Moana hotels whore he
will bo received by tho people of Oahu.
A Hawaiian hookupu or gift ceremony
will bo shown, whon ho will bo presented
with fruits, .taro and pigs.
There will bo native houses and
seen making mats, tapa, pounding
poi nnd living as Hnwaiians did ono
hundred years ngo. All these features,
whilo in general chargo of Mr. Chilling,
worth, aro directly in charge of W. T.
Rawlins, who will bo assisted by a
in which will bo Duke
tho world's champion swimmor.
All this is to bo staged under tho
direction of W. D. Adams, so that tho
cntiro scene will bo witnessod from
nfnr nnd tho cntiro Betting will stand
out clearly and not bo marred by close
lines of spectators. In order to havo
the doublo war-canoe, Prince
canoe, now at Kailun, and another,
will bo brought hero from
Hawaii, and lashed togcthor by a
Hawniinn who did tho samo for those
in tho Bishop Wusoum.
There aro also to bo aquatic sports,
consisting of surf riding, ennoo races
nnd many stunts. Duke Kahanamoku
will bo a stnr attraction in tho surfing
and Bwimmiug performances.
Volcano in Eruption.
Ono evening will bo dovotod to an
eruption of Punchbowl, which is to
bo handled by 11. A. Lyon. This will
bo a rcnllsticvexhibition nnd it will bo
so nrrnnged thnt Punchbowl will appear
to bo nctually in eruption, with
lava pouring over tho rim down a
toward tho city.
The floral parade feature will bo historic,
for Hawaiian traditions aro to
bo exemplified in floats. Various societies
may look after tho various
floats. Ono will represent Knpiolani
defying l'elo. Mrs. Nnkuina, an authority
on Hawaiian matters, is working
out a themo for n float, whilo
and l.aio aro oxpcctcd to provide
floats telling some tradition of their districts.
Tho float which mado such a hit
in Inst year's parado, that of
will bo repeated next February.
John Hughes has chargo of, tho
Tho Island Princess section will bo
repeated. As this has bcconio ono of
the most attractive features of each
year's carnival, It will by givon a
prominent placo in tho colobration
Orond Boll Wlndup.
There will bo a grand ball, this to
conclude tho carnival, Tho Mooso organization
will pnrtlcipnte in some part
of tho carnival and will appear as a
uniformed contingent.
Thu finance committee nekod for a
maximum cstlmnto of expense which,
.Mr, (Jlillllngworth was unable to givo
although It Is known the committee will
huo to look n round for nt least seven
or eight thousand dollars, Another
meeting will bo held eurly In the weak,
when Mr Chillingworth, after going
Into details with thu heads of his
will bit li bin to urnku n report.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, December 24, 1912, Image 6

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Persistent link:

Sydney Mail
25 December 1912, page 30.


                                         Drawn by Agnes Gardner-King — Copyright.

EVERYONE has heard of the surf-riders of Honolulu.
Sydney got the idea from the South Sea Islands, but Australians, except on rare occasions, dispense with the board, and 'ride' the waves without artificial aid.
Miss Agnes Gardner-King, in contributing the above drawing, writes:-
'The natives take a long pointed board and, after giving it the necessary forward motion to start it on its journey on the crest of the wave, are able to enjoy a delicious ride sitting or even standing on their frail support, till the wave either loses itself or breaks on the beach.
The exquisite colouring of the blue water contrasting with the rich brown skins of the natives make the scene a lovely one.
Note the proud native turning sideways to receive the plaudits of our little group on the beach.'

1912 'RIDING THE SURF AT HONOLULU.', Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), 25 December, p. 30. , viewed 29 Jun 2016,

Clarence and Richmond Examiner
Grafton, 28 December 1912, page 4.

YAMBA, Friday.

The pleasures of Boxing Day at Yamba were sadly brought to a terrible carlye (?) in the afternoon by the xxx(?) escape of several surfers from drowning, one of whom, after continuous efforts at resuscitation, succumbed.

The first occurrence happened at a quarter to one, when Mr. George Mitchell, of Harwood, was carried out on thc outer breaker. For some time he was ably supported by Mr. Sailor Fitzgibbon, of Grafton, who had gone to his assistance, but it was noticed from the shore that the rescuer was tiring.
At this time Messrs. O. B. Notely and C. J. Englert, of Maclean, both members of the Club, arrived at the scene, and quickly proceeded to assist in the work of rescue with the line.
Prior to this Captain Redman, went out after Mitchell without the line, and on arrival at the spot found him struggling feebly, and succeeded in holding him up until the beltman arrived, who then, brought him ashore.
The rescued man was quite conscious, and after being attended to soon recovered  the shock.

Shortly after dinner William Murphy and J. Banney went into the surf, the former being abouty 100 yards out, ànd the latter 20 yards.
The current at this time was running out at the rate of about seven miles per hour.
The crowd on the beach soon realised that both were in difficulties, and Messrs. Notely and Englert were soon in the surf to effect a rescue.
Notely jumped in from the rocks on the southern side, and swam to Banney, and succeeded, in bringing him to the rocks. Excitement was intense, for at this moment a wave separated them, but Notely went after him again and, this time was successful in bringing him to the rocks, where he was assisted by Mr. A. Graham, of Maclean.

In the meantime C. J. Englert swam out from the rock's to Murphy, and for fully quarter of an hour succeeded in holding him.
The line was quickly run out, and Mr. E. White proceeded out as beltman, with Notely as first linesman.
When the beltman was about ten yards from Murphy, who was still being supported by Englert, the crowd thinking that he had reached him started to pull.
The mistake was soon noticed, and the line released, and the beltman once more proceeded to the rescue, but again the line was pulled in too soon by the public.
White again demonstrated his bravery and once more attempted to reach the men.
This time he was successful.
By this time J. Unwin and T. Walker (members) arrived, and took charge of the line, but being unable to keep thc crowd from the line, the men were drawn towards the beach for too fast, with the result that both were underwater most of the time.
Englert was pretty well exhausted through the suspended struggle of supporting Murphy; and lost the line.
From the inner breaker Murphy was carried ashore by Messrs. Unwin, Walker and Notely.
They instantly endeavoured to restore animation,using the Schaffer method.
Englert, in the meantime- the hero of the day finding the current too strong to swim directly to the .rocks, proceeded south with the current with the hopes of reaching the rocks lower down.
R. Miller, with the belt of No. 2 reel, which was in readiness on the beach, went to his assistance by means of a powerful swim, and both were eventually drawn to the beach.
The members of the Brigade demonstrated, their knowledge of "life work" in magnificent fashion.

After work had been in progress for three-quarters of an hour in the endeavour to restore Murphy, Dr. Macartney, Grafton, arrived on the scene, and rendered medical assistance.
Treatment was kept up for three hours; and after every effort had been utilised the Dr. pronounced life to be extinct.
The body was taken-charge-of by the police, and taken to the hotel.

The greatest praise, is due C. Englert for his splendid work of rescuing White.
He also showed great pluck in making a third attempt to reach Murphy.
Both bathers, said Captain Redman, were bathing outside danger signals, which were placed in position by him early in the morning.

On account of the sad fatality the Brigade postponed their social, which was to have taken place that evening.

1912 'FATALITY AT YAMBA.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), 28 December, p. 4, viewed 9 June, 2012,

The Sun
Sydney, 29 December 1913, page 7.

Interesting South Sea Islanders.

The North Steyne Surf Bathers' Lifesaving Club held their sixth annual carnival at the North Steyne yesterday afternoon.
The club had been consistenly unfortunate with its previous functions as regards the weather, but yesterday the threatening rain held off, and the conditions were pleasant.
Fully 1000 people watched the proceedings.
The Manly Borough Band's selections added to the enjoyment of the gathering.
A specially attractive feature of the afternoon's sport was the presence of a team of Elllce Island natives, who gave war songs
and dances, and treated the onlookers to several fine displays of surf-shooting In their ship's boat.
The brown men, who are fine physical specimens of humanity, looked well and picturesque in their waist adornments of variegated colored mats and ribbons, and made a brave show.
They arrived In Sydney by the steamer Kulambrongra, and appeared by the kind permission of Lover's Pacific Plantations, Limited, and Captain Menmuir.
They were in charge of Mr. C. Buchanan.
Mr. . Fred Nottlng also gave exhibitions, of shooting tho breakers In his little canoe-

Alarm Reel Race.— Final:
Dr, Cllve Smith (North Steyne), 1; Cecil. Healy (Manly Surf Club), 2; . L. Boardman (Manly Life-saving Club), 3.
Ellice Islanders' Surf Race.—
F. Talesiu, 1; F. Matalou, 2; F. Semisi, 3.
Surf and Beach Race.—
L. V. Hind (North Steyne), 1; R. Miller (Manly L.S.C.), 2; Cecil Healy (Manly Surf Club), 3.

1912 'SURF CARNIVAL.', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 29 December, p. 7. , viewed 05 Nov 2016,

1 January 1912 : 
8 January 1912 :
11 January 1912 : 
12 January 1912 : 
27 January 1912 : 
27 January 1912 :
29 January 1912 :
26 February 1912 : 
28 March 1912 : 
29 March 1912 :
3 August 1912 : 
16 August 1912 : 
21 August 1912 :
30 August 1912 : 
28 September 1912 : 
4 October 1912 : 
11 October 1912 : 
30 October 1912 : 
14 November 1912 : 
1 December 1912 : 
28 December 1912 : 
Big Seas Postpone Carnival Exhibition, North Steyne.
Inagural Carnival, Manly LSC.
Swimming Carnival, Grafton.
C. S. McKay Presented With Surfing Canoe, Woolgoolga NSW.
Tommy Walker Surfboard Exhibition, Freshwater.
Fred Notting Surf Canoe Exhibition, Freshwater.
Manly Surf Bathing Film, Perth.
Manly Seagulls Lifesaving Carnival, South Steyne.
Surfboard Regulations, Sydney.
Surfboard Regulations, Sydney.
George Freeth Instructs Californian Girls, Redondo Beach. 
Duke Surfs Atlantic City.
Duke and Cecil Healy Compete, Stockholm. 
Duke Writes of Surfing Atlantic City.
Duke May Visit Australia, Sydney.
Duke Sent Surfboard, Atlantic City.
Vistors Surf in Canoes, Waikiki.
Duke Profile, Sydney.
Duke Invited to Australia, Honolulu. 
Ellice Islanders at Surf Carnival, North Steyne.
Rescues and Surf Fatality, Yamba.



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home catalogue history references appendix

Geoff Cater (2010-2016) : Newspapers :1912.

Whalley, Fred L: Tales From Muizenberg
Rustica, 1905. Soft cover.  1st Edition.

Michael Walker.
Coastal memories : Muizenberg, St. James, Kalk Bay 1870-1920
St. James : M. Walker, 1999.
v, 275 p. : ill., maps, ports. ; 24 cm.

Muizenberg, Kalk Bay and St. James [Cape Town] : an ideal all the year holiday resort
Cape Peninsula Publicity Association. [1913]
40 p. : ill. ; 21 cm.
Cape Town General Collection
916.821 @@