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newspapers : 1913 

Newspapers : 1913.


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The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 13 January 1913 page  5.


Mr Fred Notting, who was accompanied by his dog Tasker, gave a daring exhibition in his “Big Risk” surf canoe.
The huge crowd roared on one occasion when the small craft toppled over and was water-logged, but when he righted (?) the canoe the cheering was deafening.
The display was a sensational xxx (?) of watercraft and clearly demonstrated that Mr. Notting to be adept in his surf canoe.

Saturday Referee and the Arrow
Saturday, 18 January 1913, page 4.



The Manly Life-Savlng Club's annual surf carnival on Saturday last was tbe best ever witnessed on the beaches of New South Wales.
The chief organiser waa Mr. Arthur Holmes, an old hon. secretary of the New South Wales Rowing Association, who is to be congratulaed on the throughness with which it was carried out.
An exhibition was given by Mr. Fred. Notting in his canoe, called the Big Risk.
He was accompanied his dog, 'Stinker.'
An exhibition was also given by Mr. T. Walker in shooting the breakers on a large board.

Altogether the carnival was a great success attracted huge crowds, and was highly enjoyed by everyone, participants and spectators alike.

1913 'THE SURFERS AT PLAY AND SPORT.', Saturday Referee and the Arrow (NSW : 1912 - 1916), 18 January, p. 4, viewed 1 November, 2013,

Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, January 21, 1913, page 8.


All the most interesting scenes and everts at the other islands have been brought here to Honolulu for the tourist for next Thursday evening and may be seen at the Popular theatre on Hotel Street, opposite the Y. M. C. A.
The volcano in full action and the wonderful surf-riding scenes of Waikiki; the beautiful floral parade of 1912, scenes and incidents on a sugar plantation: the great sheep industry of Hummula, and a great lot of choice old time scenes; these being only a few of the  great lot to be shown next Thursday evening at the Popular.
An Evening in Hawaii.
Reserved seats are now to be had at  the Promotion Committee rooms.

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, January 21, 1913, 2:30 Edition, Image 8

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Evening News
22 January 1913, page 10.


The bathing inspector under the jurisdiction of the Manly Council, wrote to the aldermen at the last meetIng, asking that they should consider the advisableness of having a portion of the beach set apart for the shooting of breakers with boards.

Many are being used at present by bathers who fringe the crowd.
Those who are unaware of the restrictions use a board in the thickest of the bathing crowd.
If the suggestion were carried out, it would relieve the congestion in the southern corner of the beach.

Dr. Neale was opposed to the use of boards in the surf.
They were, in his opinion, very dangerous.
He had been struck in the back whIle bathing, and it was the reverse of pleasant.
He moved that the bathing inspector be instructed to enforce the regulation dealing with using boards while shooting the breakers.

Alderman Paterson seconded the motion.
The practice of taking boards into the surf should not be allowed.

Alderman Heaton was of the opinion that a portion of the beach should be set apart for the sport of shooting the breakers with boards.
There were many young fellows who like the pastime.

The motion was carried.

Alderman Quirk said that he had witnessed a clever exhibition by a young man who "shot" the breakers with a board.
For fully 100 yd he came in standing on the board, and was loudly applauded by a thousand people for his feat.

- Noted in S&G Champion: Drowning, Bathing and Life Saving (2000) page 179.

The Sun
Sydney,  23 January 1913, page 9.

."Board-shooter" writes: — , ' .
"In the Sun's' edition of January 22 I read with much regret that the Manly Council intend to suppress the splendid sport of surf
board shooting.
"I more than agreed' with Alderman Heaton when life said that a number of young fellows get excellent sport from the boards,
and if they keep away from the crowd they can't do any harm."
"I and my six brothers have been board-shooters for over seven years, and have never had or caused an accident to anyone.
"In my opinion, board-shooting is infinitely safer than the ordinary method of shooting, as a man with a board never has to bury his head, and can therefore see all the time where he is going, which is not the case without a board.
"Again, a man who can use a board can steer as well, as if he were in a boat: I, or any of my brothers, would undertake to steer through the thickest of crowds without touching a soul.
"It seems hard that the king method of breaker-shooting should be abolished, by a few too old to acquire the art.
"Besides, surely Manly Beach is large enough to permit of both classes of sport; why then be dog-in-the-manger, and prohibit board-shooting by reserving the beach for the paddlers?
If Alderman Neale had his way, he apparently would stop shooting altogether, and consequently surf bathing.
"I noticed in your issue of some months past that Mr. Cecil Healy mentioned that board-shooting was indulged in in South Africa. Why not here?"

1913 'SURF-BOARD SHOOTING.', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 23 January, p. 9. (FINAL EXTRA), viewed 05 Nov 2016,

Sydney Morning Herald
24 January 1913, page 7.


The Manly Council has instructed the bathing inspectors to see that the ordinance relating to the practice of surf-board shooting at Manly is in the future enforced.
Alderman Neale stated that he had seen no fewer than 10 surfboards in the thick of bathers.


The Manly Council has decided to take action against sun-bakers.
At the last meeting Alderman (?) moved that a portion of the beach be set apart for sun-baking.
It was decided to enforce the regulations in regard to the practice.

- Noted in S&G Champion: Drowning, Bathing and Life Saving (2000) page 179.

The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People
Sydney, Saturday 25 January 1913, page 5

Tells of Fun in Surf Board Riding.
Says That To Be Skilful In the Hawaiian Sport One Has to Develop Certain Muscles

 Waikiki lk-ach, where surf board : '?-?:» tr may be witnessed in its per ^'tion, is some three miles from '??' centre of Honolulu, and is '??'? ilv reached by train. It is cir ???I . .1 i urve in the shore ftontinK' ??????« 'iy ii|H)n the vast Pacific ,??''. yet protected by a Rreat co 1 ('' !'? ft' iii-nrly u mil.- frum th :i- Ajuinst this barrier the ???^?hty rollr-rs from the sea stub ''. :r to./-., so to speak, and pitch

? '« mi iuam trcsica nuKis ??' ,'°---: the lagoon' and on to the co , nid of the beach. The great '? '- -' ride upon the first or ' w.ivr; tl''' be carried by those ' ? ??'iti^cciueritly form riRht on to 1 !' 'each. 1 I'- Wuards used are of liKiit m;i '''? -''V, some six feet in length by '^'hti'.n inches wide. Upon this ''?Hi craft the heaviest man may f -;!'1 if he knows how, while the ' '? nf the wave is behind him, ''it m quiet water it will readily pnk under the weight of a child. ? ike every other kind of sport, surf ''?ircl ruling requires a certain *'T'k. and the knack here is to .'?mi your hoard shooting through 11111 wnter at tho riulu moment and

at llir r iK hi speed. To do this re. illy -.m i e-stully you must deve lop re.itnin muscles hi the ami* ami shoulders. \*su must Ic.irn hrst how. to lie on the board in deep water, how to balance your self when then-, and now to Mind th(- frail iTiifi forward liv u-iii^ and working your Ick^ like the your arms like a pair of windmills paddles of a canoo. Jluvint; inii-uc-ied tli ;.m point.-', ,\-iu start foi the long rolleis beyoiM the breakers. As the waves lolled over you, you dip the boss 'I -'-n board and go through tin in. Uiur out where the big rollers begin t' form, you mount your IamkI »ju-,t us a wav« with a feathvi- .1 eil-;e vomes along. The moment bcfoie it reaches you you throw yuur .itm. round rap.dly, pusiiinj; vcui itait forwaid as t.iM .is you can. us it to escape the wave behind. If you have judged the light moment and nre speeding your board fast en ough, the oncoming wave will carry you belnre it, and on thai grea't sloping wall of water you keet» slipping down and clown, but never ciuite reaching the bottom of no In my abv.--- Then the way breaks, and you ate flung before it with -the speed o! a cannon ball to ward the sandy beach. You throw your legs to right or left, accord ing to the direction you wish to go, \ntl keep your arms rigid, grasp ing the edges of your board, if ly ing down. If you wish to rise to vour feet you must do so in the flash of a second, and then balance yourself.


1913 'Tells of Fun in Surf Board Riding.', The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People (Sydney, NSW : 1900 - 1918), 25 January, p. 5, viewed 7 November, 2013,

Clarence and Richmond Examiner
Grafton, Tuesday 28 January 1913, page 5.

Frequenters of Manly are up in arms at the action of the local Council in suppressing surf-board shooting on the ground that it is dangerous to other bathers.

Honolulu Star-bulletin.
Honolulu, January 28, 1913, page 3.

Duke and a 'Man-Eating Eel' Do Battle in Print - Quick, Officer, the Padded Cell.

Duke Kahanamoku's terrific battle with a high-powered, man-eating eel described in a front page story in the morning paper, is branded by Duke himself as untrue and a fake.
That story of a fight for life ten feet beneath the water, of his choking the sea-monster to death and thus freein g his body from it boa-constrictor embrace is a subject for laughter today and anger on the part of many people who declare that the yarn hurts Waikiki beach and its reputation as an unusually safe bathing place.

The horrible injuries sustained by the world's champion swimmer turn out to be a comparatively slight scratch on the index finger of his right hand, whose only seriousness lies in the fact that it was not immediately treated.

To tell the whole story briefly, Duke was nipped by a small eel when he stuck a finger into a crevice in the coral.
The rest of the yarn is, says Duke, hot air and imagination.

Duke sat at his desk in the public works department this morning.
The index finger of the right hand was bandaged, but it didn't seem to interfer much in the exercise of the pencil  with which he was working on a mass of mysterious figures.

"I think I saw the eel, but I'm not certain," he said, "it was perhaps two feet long.
I was bitten by something,
I learned that when I felt a tug at the finger and on examining it found a little piece or skin had been cut  off, as with a knife.

"I was just playing around the raft, diving down to the bottom and running my hands around the rocks, when something nipped the  finger.
I came up at once and examined it.
There was a little blood, and as I glanced down I thought I saw an eel wriggling off through the water."


SAN FRANCISCO. Cal. Jan. .18.
Beaming with joy over the success of her trip to Honolulu, but still glad to get back to San Francisco, Miss Mae Josephine Bennett, winner of the Call's girl wage earner beauty contest, returned home on the steamship Sierra.
(Commenting one of of several gentlemen with whom see was romantically linked:)
"The duke was all, right until I went surf-riding with him at Waikiki beach, and then he let me fall off the outrigger.
I grabbed. his hair, and held on till he yelled for mercy."

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, January 28, 1913, 2:30 Edition, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Advertiser,
Adelaide,  Wednesday 29 January 1913, page 8.


The thousands of visitors who flock to the beaches near Sydney to view the surf bathing are often amazed (says the "Daily Telegraph") at the remarkable feats performed by bathers, who shoot the breakers with surf boards.
Many expert "board shooters" can rise on the crest of a breaker a quarter of a mile out and travel to the beach with torpedo velocity.
The sport is exhilarating and fascinating, but the practice is roundly condemned by surf bathers who shun the board-shooter as they would a shark.
Several accidents have happened in the breakers through a board striking bathers whilst the user of it was performing some daring exploit through the crowd of bathers.
So dangerous has the practice become at Manly that the council's beach inspector reported to the aldermen at their last meeting that some action should be taken in the matter.
He suggested that the council set apart portion of South Steyne for board-shooters alone, as it was impossible to check the nuisance.
The aldermen did not adopt this view of the question.
They discussed the matter warmly, and made it plain that the council had the necessary power to prosecute offenders. Regulations had been passed giving the officials power to warn bathers who indiscriminately used these boards to the danger of other bathers, and to prosecute if necessary.
In future, a close eye will be kept on bathers who enter the water at Manly armed with the surf board, and if they decline to dispense with the board the offenders are to be prosecuted.

1913 'GENERAL NEWS.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 29 January, p. 8, viewed 7 September, 2012,

Reprinted in:
Coolgardie Miner, WA, 10 May 1913, page 2.
1913 'DANGEROUS SURFING BOARDS.', Coolgardie Miner (WA : 1913 - 1917), 10 May, p. 2, viewed 7 September, 2012,

Sydney Morning Herald
Wednesday 29 January 1913, page 16.

Sir,- Permit me to make a few remarks in regard to a paragraph which appealed in a recent issue of your paper in relation to the use of surf boards.
Alderman Neale, of Manly, staets that he has seen as many as 10 boards in use at the same time in the midst of bathers.
This statement must appear incredible Io anyone who is the habit of frequenting our beaches, so incredible, indeed, that it would appear to suggest a vision of the imagination- or perhaps, like stage soldiers, each board may have been countered several times.

Under the existing ordinances, the authorities of the beach do have the discretionary power to prohibit the use of boards if the safety of any bather is in jeopardy, and it must be admitted by any reasonable person, both in justice to the authorities, and to the users of boards themselves, that this power has been properly exercised, if indeed it has ever proved necessary to do so, for the crowd is the shooters' greatest terror.

I am a regular attendant at the beaches, and also an old hand on the board, and can honestly say that I have never seen the boards used in the midst of the bathers.
The real menace in the surf is the novice, who bumps his way blindly into a crowd of bathers, with his head enveloped in foam,  and not the graceful "board-shooter," whose head is above water, with a weather eye on his course.

I feel assured that all experienced surfers will endorse these sentiments.
I am, etc ,                                                                               DUMPER.

Long Beach Press
29 January, 1913, page ?


As a result of a battle to the death with a ten-foot eel, the largest ever seen here, Duke Kahanamoku, who won the world's championship at Stockholm, is today minus the index finger on his right hand and his swimming prowess may be permanently impaired.

The swimmer encountered the eel while practicing for the Australian swimming championships off here, and after a fight lasting several minutes, choked it to death.
He was exhausted when he reached the shore, with the eel's body in tow.

The Salt Lake Tribune.
Salt Lake City, February 2, 1913, page 34.
Kanaka Swimmer Has No Equal 
in the Water
This Hawaiian A Human Fish.

Duke Kahanamoku, Who Made the Fastest Swimmers 
of the World Look Foolish at the Stockholm Olmypiad, 
Was Reared in the Surf of His Island Home and as 
a Boy Dodged Sharks for Sport.

(Copyright by The Philadelphia. Inquirer Co.)

Image right:
Surfrider (cropped), one of three images of
Duke Kahanamoku accompanying this article.

It is a copy of the cover of
Mustek, John R.: 
Hawaii- Our New Possessions.
Funk & Wagnalls, New York, London, 1897.

The Mermaid, being a poetic myth and a fictitious character of the artists favored imagination, the next nearest thing to a fish that masquerades in human form are the islanders of the Southern Pacific ocean, who can truthfully be said to be rnore at home in the water than on the land.
On land the South Sea islander is an indolent, shiftless being, the height of whose ambition appears to be to see how long he can lie undisturbed on the velvety raanienio gratis on the shady side of a grass house or propped up against the butt end of a feathery cocoanut palm, but in the shark-infested waters of his native islands he apparently realizes for the first time what his hands and foot are hitched onto his dark body for, and he is all action and exhibits a skill that is little less than marvelous.

The largest and most generally known of this group of islands is Hawaii. one of Uncle Sam's new possessions, and transpacific travelers touching at Honoluln have become pop-eyed with amazement at the aquatic skill displayed by the native boys who swarm the docks of Honolulu harbor and swim out to meet the iucorainir steamers to dive for nickels and dimes thrown from the dock to sbimmor down through the green water in the very midst of the dark moving shapes of the man-eating  "leopard" shark. -nnHxm nVill 5: n. matter of wonder to the mam who from infancy
has kept his foot incased in patent leather shoes and who has always looked upon water as a liquid to be used exclusively as a "chaser" to his favorite brand of poison, it is but common nativo talent to the "brown skinned hydro-man who has been reared to look upon the wild orpansc of sea that incased his island home as his special field of conquest.
The Soth Sea islander's contest with the sea, necessitated by his craving for what the sea could supply, has, from early days, been the chief stimulus in the development of Hawaiian character.
It has Ijoott about; the only thing he has had to call out his skill, courage, sagacity, ingenuity and ability to endure and conquer.
It has created in him, not only a wonderful ability in his bodily contact with the waves, but has promoted a knowledge of navigation, and led to minute and accurate observation of winds and currents, lent scope and fervor to the imagination, and set aflame the poetic spirit of the race.

Their old songs and most cherished native traditions are replete with references to the sea.
The sea is the Hawaiian's classic, from which have come to him the seven wonders of the legendary world, and its foam-crested billows have furnished him with his means of livelihood, his sport, his all.
It is little wonder, then, that the greatest swimmer the world of sport has over seen should come from Hawaii.
Over in Honolulu lived a dark-skinned boy, son of Honolulu's chief of police,  one of the brown naked kids who habitually swarm, over the docks and swim through the shark infested waters of the harbor in search of silver coins thrown from the docks of the incoming steamers who showed an a!bility to surpass even the wouderful feats of the rest of these Kitriakk Idda in their water sports.
This little brown Kanaka boy was a wonder even among a nation of wonders.
His name was Duke P. Kahanamoku.

At surf-riding the national sport of the Hawaiians, which consisting of riding a long, thick plank with rounded ends over the great billows as they sweep shoreward this little Kahanamoku boy performed wonders and eclipsed all other Kanakas at the sport.
Surf-riding is an old and heroic sport for which Hawaians have always been noted.
In ancient times it was practiced in honor of the lords and chiefs, but has since become a royal sport on its own account, and at this sport, standing erect on his surf-board with folded arms, complete master of the waves, which he appeared to be driving before him like chariot steeds, young Kahanamoku was monarch of the rolling breakers.

At dodging sharks in the waters of Honolulu harbor with his mouth filled with coins tossed from the deck of the steamers this young son of Honolulu's chief of police was also the peer of. all the Kanaka boys.
Probably many a trans-Pacijic traveler has leaned over the rail of an incoming steamer toseing coins into then water and wondering at the dnnncr aquatic feats of this brown Kanaka boy, without knowing that he was looking on what was destined to be known the world over as the world's greatest swimmer.

In Honolulu it is said of Kahanamoku that as a boy, he tempted fate from the mouths of sharks in the harbor merely as a matter of sport and an exhibition of his daring and prowess, frequently approaching one of these monsters and playing hide and seek with the man-eater in the water for the deIeotation of the horrified passengers on some incoming steamer.
It is said that when, approached by a shark Kahanamoku would "tread water" and gaze down-into the water with his keen eyes intent on the tactics of the 'onoinv. and
just as the shark would turn on his back to snap, the little brown boy would dive beneath the monster, and the great jaws would come together with nothing between them.
He would repeat this until he gained a rope dangled from the side of  the shark
would then frequently drop back to repeat the performance.

This was the stuff of which the world s greatest swimmer was eventually made.
As he grew older and the era of progress that had set in in Hawaii promoted, a better organized condition of affairs.
Kahanamoku became a member of the Hui Nalu Swimming club of Honolulu, and in the com....

Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate
Thursday 6 February 1913, page 3.

Alderman Asher drew attention to the dirty state of the surf-bathing shed on Monday last and to the dangerous practice of bathers using surf boards, and also to the nuisance caused by the sanitary cart being kept in the council chambers yard.
[Alderman Fulton] He intended to speak to them about the use of surf-boards.

1913 'STOCKTON COUNCIL.', Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , 6 February, p. 3. , viewed 19 Apr 2016,

Northern Star
Lismore, 14 February 1913, page 6.

Beautiful Hawaii.

Describing his holiday in Hawaii, Mr. John Burroughs,of the "Century Illustrated," says he had gone to Honolulu reluctantly, but tarried there joyfully.
One of the novel pleasures in which most travellers indulge while in Honolulu is surf-riding at Waikiki, near Diamond Head.
The sea, with a floor of lava and coral, is here shallow for a long distance out, and the surf comes in at intervals like a line of steeds cantering over a plain.
We went out in our bathing-suits in a long, heavy dugout, with a lusty native oarsman in each end.
When several hundred yards from shore, we saw, on looking seaward, the long shining billows coming, whereupon our oarsmen headed the canoe towards shore, and plied their paddles with utmost vigour, uttering simultaneously a curious excited cry.
In a moment the breaker caught us, and, in some way holding us on its crest, shot us toward the shore like an arrow.

The sensation is novel and thrilling.
Tho foam flies; the waters leap about you.
You are coasting on the sea, and you shout with delight, and pray for the sensation to continue, but it is quickly over.
The hurrying breaker slips from under you, and leaves you in the trough; while it goes foaming on the shore.
Then you turn about and row out from shore again, and wait for another chance to be shot toward the land on the foaming crest of a great Pacific wave.

1913 'Beautiful Hawaii.', Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954), 14 February, p. 6, viewed 9 June, 2012,

Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, February 18, 1913, Sports, page 9.

Hold on tight.
This story makes Duke Kahanamoku's giant eel look like a bait worm.

According to aSunday story in the Philadelphia Enquirer of, February Duke.'s favorite sport Is playing tag with man eating sharks while, according to the text, the big Hawaiian is so out of. his element ashore that he can ; hardly drag one foot after the other.
In an introduction to the great performances of. Duke in the east and at Stockholm, and accompanying two good pictures of the champion, the Enquirer prints the following:
The mermaid, being a poetic "myth and a fictitious character of the artists' fevered imagination, the next nearest thing to a fish that masquerades in human form are the islanders of the Southern Pacific Ocean, who can truthfully .be said to be more at home in the water than on the land.
On land the South Sea islander Is an
indolent, shiftless being, the height of
whose ambition appears to, be to see
how long he'ean lie undisturbed on
the. velvety manienle ' grass on . the
shady side, of a grass hbuse or "prop
ped up against , the . butt end of a
feathery cocoahut palm, but in the
shark-infested waters of his native
islands he apparently realizes, for the
first time .what, his hands and feet
are hitched Onto, his dark body for,
and he is all action and exhibits a
skill that is little less, than marvelous.
The largest and . most generally
known of x.this gronp of 'islands Js
Hawaii, one of Uncle yarn's new pos
sessions, and trans-Pacific travelers
touching at Honolulu have become
pop-eyed with amazement at ' the
aquatic skill displayed by the native
boys who swarm the docks of Hono
lulu harbor and swim 5. out to meet 4
the., incoming. steamers , to dive for
nickels aid.Bimes thrown from the
ends i over, the' great billows as: they
sweep shoreward fhls little Kahana
moku bov ix-rf ormed . wonders and
"will consist of a free supper, patriotic dark moving shapes of the man-eaM eclipsed all other; Kanakas at - the
music and stories of Washington and ing "leopard" shark. . 1 sport Sutliidlng is an old and heroic
While this native skill is a matter
of wonder to the man who from in
fancy ; has" kept , his feet incased in
commemoration of the birthdays of deck to swimmers down 'through the
these two great heroes. The program green water in the very midst of the

e used exclusively as a "chaser" to
his favorite brand Of poison, it is but
common native talent, to the brown
skinned hydro-man who has been
reared to look upon the wide expanse
of : sea tuat incased his 'island home
as his special flein of conquest The
South Sea Islander's contest with the
sear necessitated .craving for
what the .sea could supply .as, from
early, days been . the chief-, stimulus
in the development of Hawaiian char
acter.' It has Jbeen .about the . only
thing he haa had to, call out his skill,
couragesagacity, Ingenuity and abili
ty; to endure i and :; conquer, . It v-has
created in him not only a wonderful
ability in his bodily contact with, the
waves, but,' has promoted a knowl
edge of navigation, and led to a min
ute and accurate v observation ; of
winds and currents, - lent scope and
fervor to the . Imagination. - an4. set
aflame the poetic spirit of .the race.
Their old songs and most cherished
native traditions are. replete ..with ref
erences to the sea.;. The sea Is the
Hawaiian's classic, from which have
come to him the seven wonders otthe
legendary world, and its foam-crested
billows have furnisned him with his
means of livelihood, his sport, his all.
- It is little wonder, then, that the
greatest swimmer the world of 4 sport
has ever seen should come from Ha
waii. Over In Honolulu .lived a dark
skinned boyr son of Honolulu's, chief
of. pol ice one of the. brown naked
kids who habitually swarm over the
docks and swim through the shark in
fested w aters of the narbor in search
of silver coins thrown from the decks
of . the incoming steamers-7-who
showed an ability to. surpass even the
wonderful feats of the rest of. these
Kanaka kids in their water sports.
This little brown -Kanaka boy was a
wdnder even among a nation of won
ders. His name was Duke P. Kahana
ni9ku. . . j '
At surf-riding the national sport of
breakers. ;, ;,,. r.;i!r-'v..;' v.'
; At dodging sharks in the waters of
Honolulu harbor wltn. ills jnouth filled
with .coins tossed from the deck jof
the steamers this tyoung son of. Hono
lulu's chief . of police was . also ? the
peerof i all. the Kanaka poy8.:Proh
ably many a trans-Pacific traveler has
leaned, over . the , raiL o an, incoming
steamer tossing coins into the water,
and wondering at the daring aquatic
feats of this brown Kanaka boy. with
out knowing that, he 'was looking on
what was destined known the
world oyer as . the world's c greatest
syflmmer. v A - 'v ;Z;
in !Honor-irir-!Iof Kahana
moku that as a boy he. tempted fate
from the mouths of sharks in. the hat-
bor merely as a matter of-jsport and
an exhibition of.. his daring : and
prowess, frequently' approaching one
of . these r monsters Aa"nUy playing hide
and seek with the man-eater In the
water for the delectation of the horri
fied i passengers . on - seme incoming
steamer. It Is said taatwhen ap
proached , by a shark iKahanamoku
would "tread water" and gaze down
into the water with hb keen, eyes
Intent on the tactics oj the enemy.
ana just as .tap snarK vtouid turn on
bis back to snap the litte brown boy
would . dive beneath the monster,, and
the great jaws would :ome together
with nothing between) them. He
would repeat this untilne gained a
rope dangled from the sie of the shlD
and would then f frequency drop back
to, repeat the performance.
..y This was . the stuff which the
world's greatest swimme! was eventu
ally made. , As he grew ilder and the
era of progress that hd set in -in
Hawaii . promoted a; bettr - organized
condition of affairs, Kaknamokn be
came a member of te Hui Nalu
Swimming Club of Hontulu, and In
the competitions of thisclub he per-

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, February 18, 1913, 2:30 Edition, Page of Sports, Image 9

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, February 21, 1913, page 1,


Tire flotilla ofwar-fanfs rpafhln; WalkikI beacli.
From The
The Belize
Warrior s
The KInj? and bis rornl retinae approaching orer the sands oMValklki beach. The gtratlc Harare In ad
rancr, over nhom kahliis are bo rue, I j Palonana, who impersonated Kamcbanieha at the pageant this mornjng.
Immense Throng Gathers at Beaches to ee Picturesque Pro-
cession of War-Canoes Filled with - Hawaiian's-. Event
Delayed ta Give Passengers orv'Mongolia - Chance ;To''Be'M
1 WWW! I k
live the King!
3 j
The King. Is dead. Long
Oahru Is Kamehameha's! f
-The battle af Nuuanu Pali is over. Kamehameha, the victor, his wives
' r and his warriora have feasted, and the great pageant at Waikiki : beach is
a thing of the past, a colorfnl, picturesque memory for those thousands
. who saw It, a regret for those who did not All credit to John H. . Wise,
jv chairmail of the Tegatta comUiIttee, an I his Meutenants for making the affair
' r the undoubted" success it was desplts the manifold difficulties with which
V they found themselves confronted at every stage of the preparations. All
jwL credit to Director Chillingworth, who stood behind hid assistants, cjirect
mJJ ing the work, fitting the multiplicity of detail into a beautiful, birmoni
; ... 4 ous whole. . . " . ) " !'--:::-
! Kamehameha and his warriors were late landing. It was at first intend-
? ed that the canoes bearing the brown soldiers shoald reach the beach be
tween the Outrigger club grounds and the Moana hotel at 9 o'clock, but
cne delay after another came up, the greatest of which was the tardy
' arrival of, the Pacific Mall steamer Mongolia, aboard of which were 134
passengers who had come 'all the way from San Francisco on purpose to
witness the pageant. The landing was held an hour for them, so that it
was three minutes afier 10 o clock when the faint boom of the cannon
mounted on the bows of the big sing'e canoe announced " that the flotilla
had passed the outer line of the surf and was preparing to land on the
sand. - .- . -0-..t..'-:-.:; ; " r . ,'. "'; .
Thousands There to Se. - : -
Thousands of people poured In by trolley and motor car, had by, this
time packed the grounds of the Seaside hotel, the Outrigger club and the
Moana hotel, Until there was barely room for the camera men, who bad
swarmed there from all over the world to get the first pictures of the
event. Captain Baker, "of the police, and four of his men were on hand
to care for the crowds and to keep the folk In place, but they proved utter
ly Insufficient for the demands of the occasion, and the mob wandered
pretty much whersoever It wanted, surging backward and forward over the
tracked and beaten sand until it was almost as hard as a board floor. A
conservative estimate of the numbers w ho witnessed the landing of the
King of Hawaii placed It at between six and seven thousand people, with
another couple of thousand on the way to the spot i ;
The Camera Brigade Busy.
If there was-a Ingle owner of a camera, big or little, who :was not
on the ground it was because he was sick-a-bed. There were cameras of,
all sorts and shapes and sizescameras without-: guardians, standing on.,
catacornered tripods, leering out across the sea. with an almost drunken
stare; neat, well-behaved little cameras, who minded their own business .
closely and sat at ease in the shade, waiting a chance to get busy; saucy
cameras, big lurching cameras, blacV cameras, yellow cameras and a dun- :
colored affair that pretended to be a camera and so got within the charmed -enclosure.
There were moving picture cameras that purred like: gigantic
cats while the operators grunted an 1 sweated behind them. Not a single
feature of the pageant escaped the eves that winked and blinked in the
brilliant sunshine', fixing for the rest of the world to see the landing of
Kamehameha the Great on this, his Island of Oahu. . i

If. like another Rip Van Winkle,
old King Kamehameha . I could have
coine out of the great slumber this
morning, cne hundred and eighteen
yearrr after that first epoch-making
landing on Walkiki's coral strand,
and Kone down to that .., beach he
ould have been far more startled by
wrought than the fictitious Rip" we s.
In the place where only grass-covered
huts of the natives and the rest
ing house of King Kalanfkupule stood
then, half hidden in the bosky shades
tf giant monkey-pods and cocoanut
palms, he would have seen today the
long line of glittering, painted hotel
fronts, and massed in front of these,
tier upon tier extending right" down
to the edge of the lapping waves, a
throng of humanify. a beautiful spec
tacle flaunting all the colors of the
And he would have seen visions of
his dreams. His dearest friend ana
most Intimate chief could never have
convinced him that this was the scene of his great triumph and that all these
people, of white skin and clad in still whiter garments, really existed and had come down to do honor to his memory.

Kamehameha Reincarnated.

Perhaps he would have smiled slightly when told that the line of tnwny-haed ' canoes slowly- working their way in from the south represented the historic coming of his own legions.
That is, he might have smiled when the little fleet was at a distance, because of its meagerness and inadequacy of size and numbers.
But on its nearer approach the old warrior would have experienced a change of opinion.
He might even have rubbed his eyes to make sure he was not reincarnated and that the real Kamehameha was not the noble figure standing upright in the big double canoe.
Some of the other men, lesser chiefs and valiant warriors, he also might have been inclined to recognize as his own, so big and stalwart and brave looking were they in their mimic war apparel.

Weather God Smiles Serene.

As for the weather, this second famous landing was destined! from the beginning to be perfect, if balmy skies, gentle zephyrs and a friendly,
low-rolling surf mean anything to Hawaiian canoeists.
It seemed that

(Continued on Page 6) [sic, actually page 8]


(Continued from Page 1)
the personal deity which guided the
great Kamehameha in all his pugna
cious undertakings, assuring him safe
journeys acros3 long waste3 of ocean
waters in his frail crafts and made
his landing against Oanu's hostile
forces so successful more than a cen-
! tury hgo, had come, back to hover
Iroodingly over the greates. ceieora
tion in honor of his memory. In
short, "cutting out" the persiflage,
the day was perfect.
'The crowd, filled every available
foot of seaside standing room from
the long wooden .pier extending, out
from the Moana Hotel, to the hora
of the Outrigger Club. If it is possible
to pack men, women and children in
that space to the number of 10,000,
then that number was there.
Great Masses of White
The predominant shade was white.
Had King Kamehameha been con
fronted, at the time of his invasion, by
a spectacle-, of., that character it is
odds that great great warrior's pre
siding deity would have taken flight
! in confusion and that the old . savage
himself would have turned toll and
fled out to sea as fast as his paddlers
could wield their oars. The shimmer
of white and the receptive attitude
j of 'the jthrong would have so astonish
ed him that he undoubtedly would
have concluded he'd invaded a new
country. Whether he would have
"taken a chance" is extremely doubt
ful; : -- ' ..:.; '',"'' - - '-
. Kamehameha's modern 'double,"
being a modern man, accustomed to
she wlerd rites of our so-called
cIviil2ation, did : not display the- least
confusion in fulfilling his part of the
program, : In the crowd . of onlookers
were hundreds -of tourists. . Rarely
one of these was unarmed with ' a
kodak. The others ran here and .there?
perched on r all ' high, points, rushed
out dauntlessly into the water to meet
the oncoming force of spear-armed
natives and it is safe to say our mod
ern hero was shot fully 1000 times.
But, as remarked before, t he is ' a
sturdy man; accustomed to this Sort
of indignity. ; ."y. -. - ', " :
Risks . Much for a Picture' ' ' r ; '
Kamehameha L" knew the danger of
guns -when in the hands of enemieB.
He knew the world moved, well as
some others day realize, the fact. He
was quick to pick up new methods
of warfare and to fear novel methods
until he understood them thoroughly.
How he would have felt, had : be
seen that f rail'little. white man wad
ing out fearlessly into i water to his
neck, holding high above his head a
little black, ominous-looking box, can
be only conjectured. Thinking it an
other ' form' of cannon and that the
bearer intended harm, he probably
would have had the intrepid bather
l speared or shot at once. But the
man shot out Kamehameha with per
fect, safety. ' J. .
Immediately after the ceremony of
landing most of the crowd returned
to town, though a large number gath
ered on the -beach around the army
of natives and were awarded by wit
nessing tne hula dance.
Other sports had been planned, but
the chush of people was so great, the
policing: facilities so Inadequate, that
these were declared off. The cere
mony therefore ended at It o'clock. " :
At Work In the Dark.
It was long before sun-up that John
Wise and his assistants reached the
grounds of the Outrigger club and set
to work putting the final touches to
the pageant which they had been
working upon for weeks.! Then for
the first time they realized the diffi
culty of their task. The men and boys
who had promised to be there for the
affair failed to show up, and Wise
started his lieutenants out on - a still
hunt for others to take their places.
The Hui Nalu jumped into the breach
and filled seventeen canoes with Stal
warts and the lads of the Outrigger
club proved their willingness to aid,
for with a coating' of grease paint, a
malo and a flashing paddle, they made
the finest kind of Hawaiians so far as
outward appearance went. The Out
riggers sent twelve canoes to join the
flotilla: ; o
Under the command of Kamehameha
the Great, who in private life is Offi
cer Palcnapa, of the Honolulu police
force, the canoes paddled forth into
the very eye of the morning, back of
gloomy old Diamond Head, to await
for the signal to return in triumph.
I Hardly had the last of the canoes left
j the land when the ladies who were to
j play the part of wives and favorites
! of the King, arrived, headed by Mrs.
iBlaisdell, costumed to the full as an
ancient Hawaiian princess.
Forty in Flotilla.
In all there were in the flotilla
about forty canoes, big and little, and
as they paddled away in the gloom of
the early morning each canoe was
loaded to the guards. Not a phase of
the old conflict had been forgotten and
as many of the features that made the
flotilla of Kamehameha the Great
unique had been placed aboard the
canoe3 as could be got together in the
short time : allowed the manager? of
the pageant. There were the tabu
sticks, carried by the Puloulou, or cus
todian of the sacred things, there were
the feathered tufts or the kahilis, sign
of royalty, there: were the pauas or
bows, and the puas or arrows, the
deadly little poisoned darts, the head3
made of the split, leg-bone of a chick
en, and dipped in a brew made of a
moss that grows on Maul and Hawaii
and nowhere else in the islands; there
were muskets that looked like they
might have really made the landing
with the great chter, and there was the
fac simile of the cannon manned by
Davis and Young, the white men ac
companying Kamehameha. which
drove the warriors of Kalaniknpule,
king of Oahu, back from the beach and
afterward destroyed them on the
heights of Nuuanu Pali. Also there
were slings made just as the ancient
slings of the Hawaiians were made,
each with its black and blessed stone,
a venomous-looking little stone such
as David might nave used to slay his
Goliath of Gata. 1
ririse-. Tells, tke Story cf Landing.
In a brief summary of the story of
the landing of Kamehameha I, John
Wise", tn .whose hands the entire work
of preparing for the pageant lay. said
this morning while he waited for the
coming of the canoes:
"It was In 1795 that Kamehameha
landed here. He had been King of
Hawaii island, and had Just proved vic
tor of Maui In a hard-fought battle,
near Wailuku.. Fortunately for him,
he had surprised and captured the
sloop Snow, commanded by the son of
Captain Metcalf, of the schooner,. Eli
core, and with her managed to get
hold f two cannon and .a number of
muskets. These won bis fight for
him. -v'.-'--;" "-.,'.' -:;

KAMEHAMEHA the Great suffered heavily in the surf this morning when the big breakers outside the reef proved too mighty for four of the smaller canoes and they came dragging in to land after the pageant was over,. the hula danced and the crowd dispersed.
No one was hurt and the canoes themselves, save for the wetting inside and out, went scathless.

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Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle
New Zealand, Volume VIII, Issue 407, 4 March 1913, page 7.


There is only one spot where this fascinating sport can be seen and indulged in at its best, says H. J. Shepstone, in the 'Wide World Magazine,' and that is at Waikiki Beach, not far from Honolulu, the capital of Hawaii.
True, attempts have been made to introduce the sport into the United States and other countries, particularly in Australia, but they have invariably failed.
A few seasons ago a number of surf-board enthusiasts appeared at Atlantic City.
They manfully rode over the breakers, but faled to induce the people to take up the pastime seriously.
Then, at San Francisco, a Hawaiian youth was specially brought from Honolulu to teach Americans how to ride upon the waves, but he soon returned home disgusted at the little interest taken in his exploits.
These failures, however, arose from a variety of causes.
The conditions of Atlantic City, and also at the resorts upon the Pacific Coast of North America, are not the same as those found at Honolulu.
Moreover, the sport is one that demands nerve, pluck, tact, quick judgment, and the exercise of considerable patience.
You cannot hope to become even a third-rate surf-board rider under a couple of months' constant  practice.
Indeed, it takes a whole season to master the intricacies of the art.

Waikiki Beach, where this wonderful sport may be witnessed, is some three miles from the centre of Honolulu, and is easily reached by train.
It is virtually a curve in the shore fronting directly upon the vast Pacific Ocean, yet protected by a great coral reef nearly a mile from the shore.
Against this barrier the mighty rollers from, the seas stub their toes, so to speak, and pitch headlong m foam-crested ridges across the lagoon and or to the coral sand of the beach.
The great trick is to ride upon the first or outer wave and be carried by those that subsequently form right on to the beach.
The boards used are of light mahogany, some 6ft in length by 18in wide.
Upon this frail craft the heaviest man may stand, if he knows how, while the force of the wave is behind him, but in quiet water it will readily sink under the weight of a child.
Like every other kind of sport, surf-board riding requires a certain knack, and the knack here is to send your board shooting through the water at the right moment and at the right speed.
To do this really successfully you must develop certain muscles in the arms and shoulders.
You must learn first how to lie flat on the board m deep water, to balance yourself when there, andl how to send the frail craft forward by using your arms like a pair of windmills and working your legs like the paddles of a canoe.

National Library of New Zealand : PAPERSPAST
Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle, Volume VIII, Issue 407, 4 March 1913, Page 7.

Queensland Figaro
Brisbane, Thursday 13 March 1913, page 11.


On Saturday there was a very large attendance at the Booroo dabin Baths to witness, the Carnival.
This event has been looked forward to with much interest amongst swiintmers, and the knowledge that Misses Fanny Durack (the world's lady chamipion) and M. Wylie (N.S.W.) were taking part also contributed to the interest.
This was the first time for years that the sterner sex have been allowed to be present, and it was evident the favour was appreciated.
Miss F. Durack's first appearance was loudly applauded, and her style was greatly admired, as was also Miss Wylie's.
The winners were as follows :-
100 yards championship of Australia.- Misses F. Durack (N.S.W.) 1, M. Wylie 2.
30 yards junior championship of Queensland.- Misses I. O'Neill 1, A. Alexander 2.
150 yards team, championship of Australia.- N.S.W. (Misses F. Durack, capt., M. Wylie, I. Amor) 1, Queensland (Misses L. Spottiswood, capt., M. Springfield, J. King) 2.
60 yards handicap- Misses N. Badger 1, K. Irvine 2, and M. Grant 3.
Novelty musical lifebuoys- Miss J. King.
Miss M. Springfield won, but was disqualified, owing to being directed over the course, which certainly was not I her fault.
The event was very amiusing.
Junior dive- Misses Greenhill 1, I. Connell 2.
The arrangements fbr the carnival were well carried out, and the races followed each other without delay.
In the evening the visiting lady swimmers were entertained at Cafe Eschenhagen by members of the Ladies Commercial Swimming Club.

Queensland Figaro, Brisbane, Thursday 13 March 1913, page 11.

Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, May 22, 1913, page 9.

Aquatic Speed Marvel Opens Eyes of Cricketers From Kangarooland.

With the Moana pier and beach thronged with interested townsfolk and tourists, including the members of the crack Australian cricket team, who were through passenger on the new R. M. S. Niagara enroute to Canada and the United States for a series of matches, Duk Kahanamoku, champion short-disiance swimmer of the world, yesterday afternoon gave his firsyt public swimming exhibition  since his return to Honolulu from Stockholm and the Olympic games.

It was at the request of the Australian cricket team that Duke gave the exhibition yesterday, the members sending a wireless message to W. T. Rawlins, setting forth their desire to see the champion in action.
Duke's appearance at the beach was a signal for all local swimmers to turn out, and for two hours after the time set for the beginning of the exhibition the water was dotted with hundreds of bathers.
The tourists of the Niagara also turned out in full force to watch the local crack, and to enjoy a dip at the famous beach, and canoes and surfboards were in demand throughout the afternoon.
Prior to the starting of the exhibition, a battery of cameras, in the hands of tourists and local photographers, assailed Duke, and he was forced to pose for more than half an hour.

Duke Easy Winner.

A large outrigger canoe manned by several members of the Hul Nalu carried Duke and another local swimmer  out Into the water near the end of  the breakwater between the Moana  and the Outrigger Club, and a course  from that point to the Moana pier was laid out.
This race, like all others, was purely exhibition, there being no starters nor timers.
The first race was between Duke and three other Hawaiians running a relay, in which Duke won out by several feet.
The following events consisted of races between the champion and his team-mates, and in each case he gave them considerable handicap, winning out each time.
The last race, which showed Duke's power as a swimmer, was against another husky lad, the champion swimming on his back and the other in regular fashion.
With arms threshing like the paddles of a windmill, the champion ran away from his opponent before the latter had fairly started.

Cricketers Try Surf.

Following the swimming  exhibition three large canoes were brought out, and manned by the Hui Nalu.
In Duke's canoe were the members of  the cricket team, while the other contained tourists ahd local persons
The canoes were taken far out into the water where the surf was breaking at its best and there followed a spirited race to shore, the three outriggers running abreast.
Other members of the Hui Nalu gave exhibitions of surf riding.

In all, the exhibition was a success, serving to show the tourists what Hawaii has to offer In the way of swimming material.
The Australian cricketers expressed themselves as being well pleased with the affair, although somewhat disappointed because of the fact that the champion was not able to come to Australia to participate in the swimming contests which were recently held there.

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, May 23, 1913, page 2.

A letter received yesterday by Alexander Hume Ford, editor of the Mid-Pacific Magazine, from Percy Hunter, who is now In Great Britain, is to the effect that the Australian publicity hound and writer intends establishing in London a tourist bureau which will feature the Hawaiian islands as an attractive winter resort.
Hunter suggests that literature and photographs be forwarded him as soon as he has the matter well in hand, and Mr. Ford will take the matter up with the promotion committee.

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, May 31, 1913, page 5.


Tonight will be the last chance Honolulu will have to see Cressy and Dayne.
The couple has made a lasting impression on local theater goers and there are many funny things Cressy has said that will never be forgotten.
During the short time he has been in Honolulu he has tried to master


the art of surf riding.
As yet he has not been able to stand on his head while the board is afloat, though he has managed to do it several times when the breakers have taken possession of both himself and the board.
It has been intimated that there is soon to be a Cressy skit, the scene laid somewhere between two waves in the surf. .
Professor Anger will also be a feature of tonight's performance.
He has become quite a favorite here and his part in the Cressy and Dayne engagement has been welcome.

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, June 17, 1913, pages 1 and 3.

Page 1

"Go on the stage?" laughed? Duke Kahanamoku this morning, when questioned by a Star-Bulletin reporter regarding a statement in the morning paper (The Adveriser ?) that he was considering a vaudeville offer, of magnificent proprtions.
"They haven't talked to me about it.
It's nothing but hot air."

Possibly fifty of Duke's friends had hailed him as a prospective matinee idol, almost as soon as he came down town this morning, and he was becoming tired of denying the soft impeachment.

He made the positive statement not only to a Star-Bulletin man, but also to W.T. Rawlins, president of the Hui Nalu, and also president of the H. A. A. and to John P. Soper, chairman of the registration committee of the latter organization, that there was absolutely no truth in the vaudeville yarn.
Nor has he any intention of turning professional.

(Continued on Page Three)

Page 3

(Continued from page one)

"Where are there any professional swimming meets, I'd like to know?" said Rawlins.
"Certainly there are not enough for a man to make a very good living out of them.
I know though, that some persons here, have tried to get hold of Duke to make a few dollars out of managing him for a while, but thev haven't been manly enough to come out in the open with their propositions.
As to going on the stage, Duke isn't just cut out for an actor.
There is nothing to that story."

"I'd like to meet the guy that wrote that story about me getting an offer of $1000 a week for 58 weeks to appear on the stage," commented Duke.

"Maybe he can tell me where to find the man that made the offer.
I never heard of it before, and I'd kind of like to get such an offer, believe me.
Gee!, I'd hate to think what I wouldn't do for 58,000 simoleons!
That's an awful lot of coin."

"No," Duke said, in answer to a query, "I've not received any theatrical offer of any kind yet I've never heard a proposition of that kind, until one of the boys told me about that story in the morning paper today."

However, the theatrical offer or the lack of it isn't worrying the champion to any extent.
In fact Duke is fortunate in the possession of a temperament that refuses to be inflicted by worry on any count

He now his two swimmlng ambltions- one, to cut down existing world's records in the short distances at the San Francisco meet to a point where they are likely to stand unchallenged for many years to come; the other is to do something worthy of note in the long-distance events.

After the San Francisco contest he expects to go to Long Beach, and says he wants to see what he can do in a race scheduled for that place over a three-quarter-of-a-mile course in the open salt water.

Reminded that the water probably will be pretty rough there for record-smashing, Duke said: "I don't mind that I like the rough water and somehow I feel more at home in it than in the still water.
I've never tried for a record in rough water and I'd like to make the attempt, just to see what I can do."

Duke yesterday picked out his special surfing board from among the lot at Waikiki and will take it to Long Beach, where his performances in the surf should prove an enormous attraction to the Californians.

Duke also has an ambition to visit the beach resorts of Florida with his beloved surfing-board, but he doubtless will have to forego that pleasure a few months, as few people visit the Florida coast in the baking hot summer months and the big hotels are virtually closed until late in the fall.

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, June 18, 1913, page 9.

A Few Genuine Facts Are Smothered in a Maze of Inaccuracies,
Untruths and Pure Bunk - Pictures Good and Interesting but
Apparently Taken Many Miles Away from These Islands

Special Star-Bulletin Corresponent.

There has lately been showing in one of Los Angeles finest theatres a moving picture panorama of the Hawaiian Islands, heralded as "A $100,000 Trip Through Hawaii."
I went the other evening, and don't remember ever having heard so much pure bunk, and so many inaccuracies as the Illiterate lecturer poured forth to my astonishment and grief.
There were one or two genuine facts presented, one or two Hawaiian words spoken correctly, but that's was all.

The pictures were wonderful, and so far as they went gave one an Inaccurate though interesting Idea of what the Sandwich Islands might be, I say inaccurate because when the show was over, the desire aroused to visit the Islands would be coupled with a feeling that the trip couldn't be taken without an adequate arrangement for gun bearers and guards.
With one exception, the show was of "Hawaii primeval."
Then began the moving picture.
What was evidently a canoe passing Cocoanut Island off Hilo was introduced to us as "a scene on one of the small lakes near Honolula the islands abounding with these small lakes."
As a passing commentary the lecturer informed us that "Honolula was on the island of Ohew."

Boys sliding down a grassy slope on ti-leaves made a pretty picture, and I learned they were on their way down the bank into "another one of the many lakes found in Hawaiia."
 An exquisite picture of Japanese maidens wandering through a Japanese garden brought applause from the spectators.
The Bonine pictures of the natives surfing were among the most interesting and best-llked, and I discovered the surfing trips were much longer than in the old days, the natives "riding the boards in from two or three miles off shore."
The surf-riding on boards was described as being very dangerous and many were kilied at the sport.

Sharks Invade Homes

The only worse feature in the islands, according to the imaginative lecturer, was the sharks, discussed as a Young Bros, shark-fishing expedition was thrown on the screen.
"Many a native home had been darkened by the sudden rush of a man-eating shark" when the bread-winner or poi-pounder
was enjoying a surf-ride or a brief dip.

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Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu, June 19, 1913, page 9.


The Hawaiian swimmers that left here yesterday morning for San Francisco, ought to be able to clip most if not all of the coast records.
A summary of the records, as well as the conditions, of the big-meet on the afternoon and evening of July 4 is to be held in the Sutro baths was  received by  W. T. Rawlins, president of the Hui Nalu, from W. M. Cortman, the San Francisco promoter, just before the former's departure on the Wilhelmina.

Here are the coast records: .
50 yards 26 seconds.
100 yards 60 seconds.
'220 yards 2 min 36 2-5 sec.
440 yards 5 min 31 sec.
880 yards 12 min 21 2-5 sec
50 yards back stroke 34 sec. 1
50 yards breast stroke 38 3-5 sec.
No records for the 300 yard relay race are available, writes Coffman.

The Hawaiian swimmers should easily excel the various marks above.
Duke Kahanamoku has made much better time for all the events, up to and including the 440 yards.
The tank where the big swims are to be held is 75 yards straightway, and 75 feet wide.
The salt water will be heated to a temperature of 70 degrees, only two degrees cooler than the local sea water.
The baths have a seating capacity of 7,000 people.

Will Feature Appearance of Duke and Fellow Swimmers at Southern California Beaches

Los Angeles well as San Francisco is interested in the California invasion of the Hawaiian swimmers who left yesterday on the Wilhelmina.
The promised appearance of Duke and his fellow water speeders at the Southern California beach resort has  caused no end of excitement and it now looks as though the Hawian contingent would be the making of quite a meet in the south.

The Los Angeles Examiner, of June 9, has the following to say of the coming of the Hawaiians:

T A. Henry, chairman of the swimming committee of the Los Angeles Athletic Club, is in receipt of a letter from William T. Rawlins, of the Hui Nalu, a Honolulu athletic organization, stating that he expects to bring a team of seven Hawaiian swimmers to San Francisco to compete at the meet at the Sutro Baths on July 4 and would like to enter his men in. the L. A. A. C. swimming meet on July 10 and 11 and in the Ocean Park rough water race on July 13.

Rawlins requested that Henry deputize some one in the northern city, to act for him to arrangie the details of the trip to Southern California and said that he expected to bring the whole team here if satisfactory.
The original intention of the local committee was to obtain the entry or Duke kahanamoku only, the addition of six other crack Hawaiians will make the Hui Nalu entry a formidable one.

The swimmers wish to do some surf riding at Long Beach and some of the other local beaches when they come south and it is probable that arrangements will be made for some kind of a water carnival, probably at  Long Beach, where the breakers usually are heavy and suitable for this kind of sport.
Henry will take up the matter at once with the Hawaiian manager and probably will be ble to arrange for at least a week's stay for the visitors, which will give them a chance to see the sights and compete in the various water carnivals to be arranged for their benefit.
If the team is brought here for the Athletic Club meetlng it will prove the biggest feature ever incorporated in the program of a swimming meet in Southern California and a great boost for water sports.

Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, June 19, 1913, 2:30 Edition, Image 9
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Los Angeles Herald
Number 226, 21 June 1913, page 21.

Opening of Summer Season

Saturday and Sunday JUNE 21“ 22 nd
Band Concerts, High and Fancy Diving, Fast and Fancy Swimming, Surf Board Riding, Life Saving Drill, etc.

California Digital Newspaper Collection

Los Angeles Herald, Number 226, 21 June 1913, page 21.

The Times Dispatch
Richmond, Virginia, June 29, 1913, page 21.

In the Spring the Bather's Fancy Lightly Turns to Dreams Like This
MISS NELL BRINKLEY'S Pictorial Phantasy of Surf Bathing in Hawaii
Copyright. 1913. International News Service.

May is a laggard to the chap and the girl who love the surf and live in a bathing suit from dawn till dark the dog days come.

A lover of the water and far Hawaii (restless under the cool days of May who moseys along stooping to look into the eyes of the flowers April gave her), longing for the sting of the breakers and the restless, deepful bosom of the sea, said fretfully:
"There's a land for you- keeu!
Summer all year, water like velvet, and the rollers that come marching in from the coral reef, holding hands and breaking for a mile!
Why, you can't even, when your summer does come, ride a surf-board in these short broken breakers"
And I admitted it was pitifully true- for haven't we tried it here on our gray Atlantic and capsized- both on the narrow bit of mahogany eighteen inches wide and six feet long, and in the enterprise?
But I will be very, most awfully, grateful for just the days when I can kick my heels in sea-water and rise to big, green rollers
even if our surf won't let us ride a furious little Hawaiian surf-steed.

Chronicling America
The times dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, June 29, 1913, Image 21
Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA
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Nell Brinkley (1886 – 1944) was an American illustrator and comic artist who was sometimes referred to as the "Queen of Comics" during her nearly four-decade career working with New York newspapers and magazines.
She was the creator of the iconic Brinkley Girl, a stylish character who appeared in her comics and became a popular symbol in songs, films and theater.
wikipedia: Nell Brinkley

Los Angeles Herald
Number 235, 2 July 1913, page 7.

Hydroplane Races and a Boxing Bout Staged in the Bay Are to Be Features

The newly formed Booster club of Balboa, East Newport and Balboa Island, has gotten busy with a vengeance.
There will be canoe races, swimming races, fancy high diving and other aquatic sports, Including water polo, canoe tilting and motor boat races between the speediest of the South coast hydroplanes and motor boats.

In addition to a
surf board riding exhibition by Wilbur White, who won the championship of the Hawaiian Islands and who, among other daring feats, rides a surf board standing on his head, there will be a tug of war, relay races, greased pole, walking contest, a six-round boxing contest to take place on a float which will be anchored in tho bay.
The committee says this will be one of the star events of the day.

California Digital Newspaper Collection

Los Angeles Herald, Number 235, 2 July 1913, page 7.

Daily Telegram (Honolulu)
12 July 1913, page ?


Pete Lenz, captain of the local Long Beach high school swimming team, proved a worthy opponent of Duke Kahanamoku, the famous Hawaiian swimmer, last night in the 220-yard race at the Los Angeles Athletic Club, the Hawaiian finished less than a half-tank length ahead of the Long Beach boy.
The winner's time was 2 minutes, 41 seconds.
The Hawaiian walked away with the 100-yard event, in which Crary and Howard, of L.A.A.C. were his only opponents, his time being 55 1/5.

The great Hawaiian swimmer and six members of the Hawaiian team spent several hours in Long Beach yesterday.
They came upon the invitation of Pete Lenz.
They couldn't resist the surf and the Duke gave a thrilling exhibition of surfboard riding.
Thousands of people enjoyed watching him.
Many people here have expressed a wish that the Bath House company would present frequent surfboard riding exhibitions such as was offered yesterday.
It is believed they would prove a big card.

Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Honolulu July 21, 1913, page 9.

Victorious Hui Nalu Men  Are Home Again
Duke Kahanamoku and Robert Kaawa Remain on the Coast but Team Mates Return with Trophies.

President William T. Rawlins and his victorious swimmers of the Hui Nalu returned home this morning on the Oceanic liner Sierra, having made what amounts to a clean sweep of two big meets on the coast at San Francisco and Los Angeles.
The lads and Rawlins were given an ovation at the dock by hundreds of friends and admirers, and everywhere they went today were stopped by acquaintances and congratulated on the remarkable showing that the Hawaiian swimmers made-in: competition with the best the coast could send against them.

Duke Kahanamoku, the world's champion, and Robert Kaawa did not return.
Duke will be home in about a week, said Rawlins, but it is reported that Kaawa has yielded to the lure of the footlights and will go into vaudeville.
Those who returned today were H. W. D. King, Lukelai Kauplko, D. Keaweamahi, H. Kahele, C. W. Hustace, Frederick Wilhelmn and J. B. Lightfoot.
"We cleaned ; up practically ; every thing we entered on the coast; Duke doing remarkably fast work, but of course you. know about that.
In Los Angeles he went; into the fifty-yard breast-stroke for the first  time and won it nicely, though he has never practiced that style.
He surprised all of us by his versatility.
Then a week ago yesterday at Los Angeles he went into the ocean swim for three-quarters of a mile, against Ludy Langer, the southern crack: Duke had never tried this distance before.
I told him  to lay back off Langer and close to him all the way and gauge his speed that way."
''Well, Duke, swam a perfectly judged race.
He kept just behind Langer's elbow all the way and then in the last twenty-five yards he gave a couple of kicks and went ahead, winning in 16 minutes 32 seconds and chopping two and a half minutes off Langer's record.
We went around to Long Beach, Redondo and Venice and the work of theboys attracted much attention and favorable comment.
At Venice Curtis Hustace and Duke gave an exhibition ported that Kaawa has yielded to the eyes of the people there. (sic)
Hustace came in on the surf -board standing on his head about twenty times, and twenty thousand people went wild.

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, July 21, 1913, 2:30 Edition, Image 9
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The Tacoma times.
Tacoma, Washington, July 21, 1913, page 1.

Tacoma Elks, Lady Elks, and Kiddies Play in Ocean Surf

Five hundred Tacoma Elks, with nearly twice as many relatives and friends, went to sea yesterday.
They saw; they bathed: they frolicked.
And they returned late last night begrimed, dusty and tired, but effervescing with the joy of a pleasant day pleasantly spent.
The big excursion of Tacoma Elks lodge to the sea at Moclips was a huge success.
Two great excursion trains, containing nearly 1,400 persons, left Tacoma at 7 o'clock in the morning, spent all afternoon on the soft, velvety sands of the ocean beach, and returned late in the evening.
The raptures of the ocean surf carried away the crowds with frank enthusiasm.
Old men and women, piping children, sedate society matrons and well groomed business men - in fact, practically everybody at the beach - forgot his modesty for the day and jerked off shoes and stockings to wade out in the foamy water.
Hundreds of people went in bathing, and lolled about on the sands after their plunge in the cool ocean waves.
The Quinault Indians gave an exhibition of surf riding in a big Indian canoe.
Icecream stands were sold out early in the day, and ice water was at a premium.

The Tacoma Elks were augmented at the beach by an excursion train filled with Elks from Hoquiam, Aberdeen. Elma and Centralia.
It was one of the largest crowds ever gathered at Mociips, and the weather man produced one of the most beautiful days of summer for the jolly Elks.
Exalted Ruler George McCarthy forgot his dignity and dabbled in the waves.
"Doc" Austin, the biggest Tacoma Elk present, lost himself in a bathing suit and forgot about tooth-pulling, while he dove head-first through huge breakers.
There was a baseball game, too, but it broke up suddenly when somebody started a hike for the bathhouse.
Tom Desmond taught the younger fellows how to keep cool under a green umbrella and enjoy the sight of others in the surf, and Alonzo Condon was busy with a big smile reconnoitering the refreshments.
Clinton Manley, the most important man present, and yet the most inconspicous, remained in a baggage car and furnished lemonade and soda thirst quenchers to the crowds - when he wasn't thwarting a strike movement among the kid vendors.
Altogether, it was a grand old time!

Chronicling America
The Tacoma times. (Tacoma, Wash.) 1903-1949, July 21, 1913, Image 1

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA
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The San Francisco Call.
San Francisco, July 22, 1913, page 14.

Sanction Is Granted for Swimming Meet

The Pacific association yesterday granted a sanction for the holding: of a swimming meet at Santa Cruz next week.
All the best local swimmers have been invited to compete, including Ernie Smith, Linc Johnson, Walter Pomeroy, Masten, Lindsay and others.
Duke Kahanamoku, who is at present sojourning at Monte Rio, has also been invited to take the trip to the summer resort town and will be on hand to compete in the events.
It is possible that the duke will also give exhibitions of surf riding.

Chronicling America
The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, July 22, 1913, Image 14

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
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The San Francisco Call.
San Francisco, July 26, 1913, page 11.

Duke Kahanamoku
Champion Swimmer of the World
together with all the crack swimmers and divers of
the coast, in races, high and fancy diving, surf riding.
Your last chance to see this speed wonder before he
returns home.
Saturday and Sunday, July 26th and 27th.
Sunday Excursion; Round Trip. $2.00.

Chronicling America
The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, July 26, 1913, Image 11

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
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Northern Star
Lismore, NSW, Saturday 26 July 1913, page 2.


High overhead a brazen sun broiled in a copper sky, and the long, oily swell of the Pacific seemed struggling and heaving in vain against the shackling heat rays.
A lone outrigger canoe rose and fell listlessly on the surges, a faint line of uncoiling, bubbling foam in its wake showing bare headway.
(An ill or injured"white man" is paddled by two "Kanakas" in an outrigger canoe towards Ohau ...)
(Meanwhile at Waikiki)
The usual Sunday crowd of bathers assembled at Waikiki at the usual hour.
The sky was a flawless blue.
The Moana boat house was filled to overflowing and the sands of the beach from the Queen's Surf to the Hau Tree covered an over with an ever-shifting kaleidoscope of brilliant color.
The sea was as clear as crystal, and the surf had never been better.
Eel-like Harold Hustace, as brown as any Hawaiian, was there with his surf-board, and that bronze Apollo, Duke Kahanamoku, who was later to win enduring fame at Stockholm for his prowess in the water.
There were myriads of lesser lights and enthusiasts, from experts to the most bungling tyros at the great game.
Canoes, gorgeous in the Royal Hawaiian black and gold, and loaded to the gunwales with shrieklng women and ackwardly paddling men, were shooting in from the surf, past the little pier with its mirthful audience, and clear up to the sands of the beach itself.
Beyond the surf, waiting for a roller, lay a big canoe, and the men of her were overboard in the cool, deep water beyond the bar, swimming and sporting in the smaller waves and sitting and standing on the outrigger and forcing it beneath the surface until the women passengers cried out in real alarm.
At  last there was a warning cry, the men scrambled hastily aboard, and with desperate and too often useless paddles churning the water to foam, they caught a huge billow, and came roaring in, escorted by daring surf-board riders and a swarm of lesser craft.

Suddenly a woman on the Moana pier stood up and pointed, and all the others stood up and pointed with her.
Far, far out, so that at times it was lost to sight beyond the waves, was a small canoe, rising and falling with the swell.
In it two tiny black automatons were faintly visible, and now a third appeared, and he seemed a shade lighter than the others.
He hoisted a rag on a stick, and waved it and the ladies on the pier very gracefully and prettily waved their handkerchiefs in return.
And they laughed and chatted and exclaimed, How far out it was! and they hadn't seen it go out! and who could it be?

(The Waikiki locals fail to recognise the sailors' difficulty, the outrigger canoe is swamped in the surf, and the three men perish.)

 - By H. Miller in the "Argonaut."

Northern Star, Lismore, NSW, 26 July 1913, page 2.
1913 'THREE BLACK DOTS.', Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954), 26 July, p. 2, viewed 7 September, 2012,

Reprinted in:
Chronicle and North Coast Advertiser, Queensland, 1 August 1913, page 6.
1913 'Three Black Dots.', Chronicle and North Coast Advertiser (Qld. : 1903 - 1922), 1 August, p. 6, viewed 7 September, 2012,

The article originally appeared as A Futile Struggle- The Tragedy of a Voyage Under a Tropical Sun.
by H.W. Miller, San Francisco, November 1912.
The Argonaut,
Alfred Hollman (editor), San Francisco.
Volume LXXI, Number 1862,  November 30, 1912, page 362.

The Maui News.
Wailuku, Maui, August 9, 1913, page 3.



Words comes from Australia that "Our Duke'' is wanted there just to show how well a man can swim when he tries.
The Australians say they will pay the expenses of Duke, his manager and trainer and Rawlins who has Duke under wing will probably start with his protege within a month.

Down in the Solomon Islands, where the great Wickman came from, there are swimmers who can take the bush from anything so far discovered.
The women have never been in a contest away from home, but it is said if they were to come to Hawaii they would swim circles around anything Honolulu has so far produced.
The famous Duke kick is native, not to say indiginous (sic), to that section of the world and the women all use it.
Honolulu has been very warm for several days and the beach has
been well patronized in consequence.
Surfing and swimming have been popular diversions with kamaainas and malihinis alike, for it seemed the only relief from a
temperature of 90 degrees, which we have had.
Trades today make it cooler.

The Schooner "King Cyrus" due the middle of the month with
A Million Feet of

Get your plan ready for that New House
Kahului Railroad Co.
Merchandise Department
Kahului, Maui, T. H.

Chronicling America
The Maui news. (Wailuku, Maui, H.I.) 1900-current, August 09, 1913, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
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The Salt Lake Tribune.
Salt Lake City, Utah, August 17, 1913, page 30.

Hawaii Welcomes Nordica.

Hawaii's floral beauties were strikingly manifested in the islands' welcome to Mme. Lillian Nordica, and the artists of her party.
Paul Dufault, Franklin Holding and Romayne Simmons, with whom she appeared in two concerts at the Hawaiian opera house during a fortnight's stay in July.

At the first concert Mme. Nordica. received a floral offering possible in few other parts of the world, and possible in Honolulu only on certain occasions.
At the conclusion of one of her songs, twelve beautiful blossoms of the nlght-bloomlng cereus were passed over the footlights.
Mme. Nordica's momentary bewilderment as she took the huge, strange bouquet in her arms, and her evident appreciation of it greatly pleased the audience.
It was a greeting from the "Lily of Hawail," as the blossom is sometimes called, to the "Lily of the North."

At both concerts the opera house was filled to its limit, and Mme. Nordica graciously responded to enthusiastic encores at almost every number.
This was Mme. Nordica's first visit to the Islands and she declared she found it quite the paradise that she had heard it to be.
She found the bathing and surf riding especially irresistible, and the artists spent many delightful hours in the waters of the famous Naikiki (sic) beach, in front of their hotel.

Mme. Nordlca and her party were the guests of ex-Queen Lilioukalani one afternoon at her home, Washington place, Honolulu,.
A stringed quintette played Hawaiian airs and Nordica sang two Japanese songs by Charles Wakefield Cadman.
Ex-Queen Lilioukalani Is her self a musician and is the composer of some of the best-loved Hawaiian songs.

Chronicling America
The Salt Lake tribune. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1890-current, August 17, 1913, Second News Section, Image 30

Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library
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The Maui News.
Wailuku, Maui, September 13, 1913, page 6.

Doubt Duke's Big Records

Duke Kahanamoku's records are almost smiled at in Australia, and some of the fast swimmers there say that Duke's time is impossible.
W. L. West, of Waikiki, who met a number of the sporting crowd in Sydney, of course, stuck up for the Hawaiian's records.
Some of the swimmers "down under" declared that they would like to have an Australian timer keep tab on the native.
West astounded them all by replying that one of the official watch holdors is an Australian and a man who has had considerable experience with the stop watch, both in these islands and in Australia.
This statement seemoed to stagger the doubters, and they began to think that perhaps Duke's figures for the various distances were correct.

Longworth, the wonderful swimmer over all distances, would like to have a go at Duke.
There are others, too, who think that they could make the Hawaiian wonder stretch himself.
''Alright," said West to a sporty bunch in Sydney, "wait till Duke comes and wins everything from twenty-five yards up to the three-quarter mile.
Then you will admit that the Hawaiian is a wonder, and that the timers, official course measurers and starters of Hawaii know the game."  

Chronicling America
The Maui news. (Wailuku, Maui, H.I.) 1900-current, September 13, 1913, Image 6

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
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Sydney, 24 September 1913, page 20

By Harold W. Baker

as a pastime is not, as we understand it, a new-fangled idea.
It is a prac
tice centuries old.'. The natWes or Hawaii many,
many years ago, ? under 'the giant . shadows tt
Diamond Head, held high carnival in the surf,
perhaps the ideal surfing stretch in the Whole
world is Waiklkl Beach, near Honolulu, Hawaii.
Here centuries ago; was born the sport; ot tur
ning, footraces upon the create of. the foaming
billows, and hero hronKfi-Hkinnrtrl nntlveft vie tn
day with the white, mad, for honors In aquatlo
sports, once exclusively Hawaiian, but in which
the white man now rivals the native.
There are great, long, regular eWeeplng bil
lows after a storm at Waiklkl, that wilt carry
a surf- rider in from ? more than- a mile out to
aea ; . there--are rollers after a big 'kona'
storm that sweep across Helo Bay, on the; big
Island of Hawaii that . carry native surf board
riders for five miles at a run, and on the island
of Nlihaw, there- even more wonderful; -surf-*
board feats are performed.- . The famous iDuk^e
Kahanamoku is. a hatiye of this' p'articulair5 spot,
and is considered, outside ; his' ability' as a
swimmer, to be' the finest exponent of surf
riding in Hawaii..^ .;?'?;. ; ;-v- \V '.??':. ' y: x^'-l.^
1j Surf-bijard riding is an art edsy/tb thb' lew,
and' difficult to the many. -The natlved ??'perform,
V3ome wonderful tricks 'Oh them; ho'wbynfjVMirlc
Twain tried to maBter the slirf ibpard ? tanny
years ago; He describee I ;«u:;VlvM'-'p'eniPtcturrs
the'HaWailan boys and girla, Wlib-diincod^ipon
the tip Of the biggest breakers, and hpyhts
hoard, started by. a kanaka, baiight a waye' p'rfd
shot- -with express', .speed' toward 'the--' beach,
while So shot with equal rapidity down . toward
the cbral bed beneath' . VaA -waters of WalWUI
?Bay.! ?;?//? ;'. .5 .. ??:}'::.- ??'/.'? T '-;??' ???';? ?/; :°''i:i
; 'iwb jrt'AUBtraila'ide i iibt tobw surfing as they
db in' HaWall. ? Ou^beaches-are flbt adupted to
surfing as nilowed at Walklkl. Our own nborl
glnaW^n Bomb instance, used, to shbot as; \\e
,do on the beached around our coast i but niost
of them; driven by the innxch of the niultttudo
Into. the Interior, hiiye teased to; '
''?±'^r:'r ?'''[ '?'? .'?? fl^l^i^wfc/ :;;^'-iH u-^ -
\There !are v many '; nrgUwenis, «i)olh tot^ and
agalaBt surf-bathlngt as an radjuhct- to baih
swimming. Some mairitain that' It slows you
Up yery much, whilst bthersf including nlnongst
them Cecil Healy) , b,bld sthat ; It has ^ the,' ^oppo-
site.; effect;' 'The ^ sea .B\yltom|ng may h'vyo rtho
tendency to dull your movements lii'ttb. waiter,
but: it moBt certainly VBtrbtfgthenB^bUr arm
work and ppwer to klcfc- Personally; I d6' not
think- that it would -materially, handicap birb to
follow ^ the siirt whilst getting fit for bath wbrk.
1, prpved this bo onlyMaat yea;r. ;vl had been
absent from baths for; about four years,' doing
nothing but; Burf-Bwimmjiig; I Jumped;' into lUe
Cobgeb Aquarium one day' against the Watch dnd
swam a . hundred; '- 1, vw'aa ' astbundb'd ' when ;«told
that my time wasi if anything,; faster than ? when
I. Was -actively ; engaged in racing. ; Anyhbw,r: ye,
aa-a swimming nutlon, bavo Httlb ',tp: fear trom
surf, bathing, fpr. with enbtt -iCgdlSxy :,of tolbnt
nbout; us as.Vwb ; Jiave tit fprese^t,,1 our. ,prcfjtlKo(
as ; --pr.euib.i- 'sWimmlpg:«j?untry/,of :\ ttie':'-ty6.r)(LV-be- '
Vbmb|»:;auybrlta^)|^-«braj(tia^^(;«^-vfe;^ - j

1913 'SWIMMING IN AUSTRALASIA ?? >•??•. »? r-: .;?>•: ?.-.'•. \»', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 24 September, p. 20. , viewed 29 Jun 2016,

The Sydney Morning Herald
Saturday 20 September 1913, page 21.


It is now practically assured that Duke Paoa Kahanamoku will visit Australia for the coming swimming season, and compete in the Australian championships at Sydney and Brisbane, and most likely swim at the other large centres in the Commonwealth.
An announcement to that effect was made at the council meeting of the New South Wales Amateur Swimming Association on Thursday evening by Mr. W. W. Hill, hon. secretary of the Australian Swimming Union, who has been conducting the negotiations with the famous swimmer on behalf of the State Swimming Association.

The Olympic Games champion has expressed his acceptance of the invitation, and is willing to come with his manager and companion, so as to arrive here early in December.
The local body is, however, suggesting that his first appearance should be made early in January, and that he should arrive here about ten days or a fortnight before the first race.
The itinerary will most likely include Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Adelaide, Tasmania, and New Zealand, and the Australian Union is desirous of increasing the interest in swimming throughout Australasia, and the visit of the world's sprint champion should give it the needed impetus.

The tour will be managed by Mr. William T. Rawlins, president of the Hui Nalu Club of Honolulu, who has written to Mr. Hill as follows:
"Duke P. Kahanamoku, having recently returned from California, this club has taken up with him the matter of his visiting Australia to compete in the swimming championships, and Duke has expressed the wish to make the trip.
He has been absent on the mainland since June 18, and we have delayed writing to you with, reference to the matter until we had an opportunity to talk to him in regard to the trip.
The club has attended to all matters pertaining to the trips made by the Duke, and it is our desire that Duke visit Australia.
We will secure the sanction of the Amateur Athletic Union of the United States immediately on receipt of a cable from you that the trip is on.
Duke had a most successful trip in San Francisco, during which he broke many records, among them the 100yds record held by your Wickham.
He is going to San Francisco again on October 8 to compete in the swimming championships during Fortoia Week, and if the trip to Australia is made we will start for Sydney the first week in November."

The New South Wales Association has determined to support the union in arranging the trip, and will guarantee its financial share.
The other States are being communicated with, and it is expected will also fall into line.

Evening News
Sydney, Wednesday 24 September 1913, page 8.


The Local Government Association Conference commenced its meetings on Tuesday, and one of the matters discussed— or which rather was not discussed as it should have been— was the motion destine with surf bathing and surf-board shooting.
The matter of surtf accommodation has been a burning one at Rwdwlck for over two years,

. The present Mayor has openly accused the Minister tor Works of slde-stepping any forward policy,
but the only representative of Randwlck Council present at tbe conference has not a word to say on the subject.
It was left to the Mayors of Newcastle and Stockton to deal with this subject- one ot the most important matters brought forward at the conference— and not a Mayor or alderman from Manly, Randwlck, or Waverley raised a voice over this matter, though It affects hundreds of thousands of folks annually.
It really was the Government, and not the local parochial yearnings after roads and gutters which blocked proper surf bathing accommodation being provided, how was it, one would like to know, that the Mayor of Randwick in particular did not like the opportunity of telling the conference so, and show up tbe ineptitude of the Government he regularly complains of at the same time?


1913 'NOTES.', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 24 September, p. 8, viewed 28 October, 2013,

Sydney, 24 September 1913, page 20


as a pastime is not, as we understand it, a new fangled idea.
It is a practice centuries old.
The nattes or Hawaii many, many years ago, under the giant shadows of Diamond Head, held high carnival in the surf, perhaps the ideal surfing stretch in the whole world is Waikiki Beach, near Honolulu, Hawaii.
Here centuries ago; was born the sport; ot turning, footraces upon the create of the foaming billows, and hero hronKfi-Hkinnrtrl nntlveft vie tn day with the white, mad, for honors in aquatic sports, once exclusively Hawaiian, but in which the white man now rivals the native.
There are great, long, regular sweeping billows after a storm at Waikiki, that wiltl carry a surf- rider in from more than a mile out to sea; there are rollers after a big 'kona' storm that sweep across Hilo Bay, on the big Island of Hawaii that carry native surf board riders for five miles at a run, and on the island of Nlihaw, there even more wonderful; surf-board feats are performed.
The famous Duke Kahanamoku is a hatiye of this particular spot, and is considered, outside his ability as a swimmer, to be the finest exponent of surf riding in Hawaii.

Surf-board riding is an art easy to the few, and difficult to the many.
The natives perform some wonderful tricks on them; however Mark Twain tried to master the surf board many years ago;
He describee I ;«u:;VlvM'-'p'eniPtcturrs
the'HaWailan boys and girla, Wlib-diincod^ipon
the tip Of the biggest breakers, and hpyhts
hoard, started by. a kanaka, baiight a waye' p'rfd
shot- -with express', .speed' toward 'the--' beach,
while So shot with equal rapidity down . toward
the cbral bed beneath' . VaA -waters of WalWUI
?Bay.! ?;?//? ;'. .5 .. ??:}'::.- ??'/.'? T '-;??' ???';? ?/; :°''i:i
; 'iwb jrt'AUBtraila'ide i iibt tobw surfing as they
db in' HaWall. ? Ou^beaches-are flbt adupted to
surfing as nilowed at Walklkl. Our own nborl
glnaW^n Bomb instance, used, to shbot as; \\e
,do on the beached around our coast i but niost
of them; driven by the innxch of the niultttudo
Into. the Interior, hiiye teased to;

1913 'SWIMMING IN AUSTRALASIA', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 24 September, p. 20. , viewed 09 Apr 2019,

Sydney, 1 October 1913, page 16.

Duke, Kahanamoku

1913 'MELBOURNE THEATRES.', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 1 October, p. 16. , viewed 09 Apr 2019,

Sydney Morning Herald
Wednesday 1 October 1913, page 4.


article ...
The Hawaiian Gazette.

Honolulu, October 7, 1913, page 6.

J. T. Warren Believes an Oldtime Village Would Be Great Tourist Attraction.

A Hawaiian village, located preferably at the public baths beach at Waikiki, or in some convenient grove of cocoanuts, is the dream of John T. Warren of the Honolulu Photo Supply, until recently a member of the promotion committee.

He suggests that the scheme be taken up seriously by persons who would be able to work it out, involving the locating of a family of pure blood on the land with rent free and perquisites to some from visits of tourists.
The family would bo required to build houses thatched with pili grass, or grass similar to it, to cultivate taro and keep an outrigger canoe at the beach equipped with nets and spears and torches, to show tourists how the Hawaiians make fish hauls.
Mr. Warren says that almost every tourist who visits his place of business inquires if there is any place near, or in town, where old time native life can be seen to advantage.

"Almost every tourist who starts for Hawaii believes that there are still a part of the Hawaiian population living in grass houses and living quite close to nature," says Mr. Warren.
"They are generally disappointed when told that the grass house is now a museum feature and few such houses are used today for actual residence purposes, except in remote parts of the Island.

Had Surfing "Come Back."

"I base my belief on the success of this experiment from the manner in which the revival of surf-riding has taken such a hold upon the people.
That was an art which was dying out.
There were very few surf boards at the beach, and few canoes.
The establishment of the Outrigger Club revived the ancient surf-ridng and canoeing sport.
Today there are hundreds of surf boards along the beach and scores of persons competent to ride the waves as the ancient Hawaiians did.
It is an art by no means confined to Hawaiians, for their haole cousins are adept, and tourists are crazy about it, and a large number of them learn how to use the boards before they conclude their visits to the Islands.
The grass houses which were built at the Outrigger Club have always been popular with tourists and I see no reason why the Hawaiian village idea cannot be carried out.

"A family of Hawaiians, who can be depended upon, a family which is sober and upright, can make the thing a success.
They should plant native trees and plants and weave lauhalu mats and hats.
The men should show how the Hawaiians fish and they should dress in the malo.
The Hawaiians should not be ashamed to wear the malo.
Their haole cousins wear almost a malo, and probably would wear that in bathing if they were as adept in adjusting it as Hawaiians."

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, October 07, 1913, Image 6
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Sunday Times
Sydney, Sunday 2 November 1913, page15.

(By C.H.)

In competitive swimming circles, the prospective visit of Duke Kahanamoku, the undoubted champion sprint distance swimmer of the world, is regarded with the liveliest interest.
It is
looked upon as more than likely to prove the most sensational happening in the annals of the sport. It should be hailed with equal satisfaction by the surf-bathing fraternity, as the Duke won fame, as a wonderfully-dexterous performer on the surfboard, long before he was heard of as an exponent of fast swimming.
acrobatic feats, whilst dashing shorewards at an incredible speed, are said to be even more extraordinary than his other accomplishment.

Sydney surfers who have been to Honolulu express doubt whether it will be possible for him to negotiate our breakers in the same way as he does those that roll in on the Hawaiian beaches.
At the latter place they
bank up slowly and- do not form a crest until quite close to the shore.
There is not the same
amount of curl about them as there is, as a rule, with our coastal waves.
If it happens
to be blowing a light southerly, whilst he is here, Freshwater is most likely to provide him with rollers of the desired formation.
In the
event of him succeeding in giving one of his rare exhibitions for our edification, it is sure to create a keen desire, on the part of our ambitious 'shooters,' to emulate his deeds.
goes without saying that his movements will be watched intently, and personally I am convinced that it will not be long after before the natural amphibious aptitude of the Australians will enable one or other of them to unravel the .knack, and be in a position to cry 'Eureka ! ' to any innovation in the art of riding the waves that he may reveal.


If it should ever come to pass that this
form of the sport was found to be adaptable to our conditions, its practise would be fraught with a good deal of risk, as the boards used are massive and heavy, and calculated to cleft a person in twain did they strike him with full force.
Certain portions of the beach would,
therefore, have to be set apart for their special use, and a new set of regulations framed.
Kahanamoku endeared himself to all who
came in contact with him at Stockholm, both on account of his unassuming demeanor and his readiness to demonstrate the peculiarities of his stroke.
He was reputed to be "a sport
of the first water," and I do not for a moment doubt but that he will be only too pleased to give us all the hints he possibly can.
He will
be an enormous draw with the public, and the Association should approach the Swimming Association, who are arranging the details of his trip, to ensure his appearance at a specially-organised carnival.
If necessary, it would
be well worth their while to shoulder a portion of the guarantee covering his tour.
would be a gilt-edged security.

For several years past, the Manly Surf Club
has been endeavoring to secure either a site upon which to build larger premises, or else make some satisfactory arrangements for the purchase of one of the existing buildings.
land and property owners in the vicinity have placed a value upon their possessions, in the estimation of the committee, out of all proportion to a legitimate business transaction.
The members, for the most part, are men of
substance, and many of them have expressed a willingness to take up debentures to the extent of £100 each if necessary, but the financial advisers of the club have not felt justified in seriously recommending to their consideration any proposal so far submitted.
In order to re
lieve the already over-taxed accommodation, from further encroachment, as a last resort an entrance fee of £2/2/ was added to the yearly subscription of £1/1/.
But still they come.
less than 45 joined under these conditions last year.
Something, therefore, had to be done to
satisfy the insistent demand for more space.
The committee have at last hit upon a tem
porary expedient.
The walls of the building
were erected with a view to another storey being added, and permission has now been obtained to carry out this work.
The improve
ments contemplated include a spacious reading room, wide balcony, and a small residential quarter.
When this has been duly completed,
the hope is entertained that it will be found possible to pay more heed, in an unostentatious way, to the teaching of life-saving methods.
Though not now actively engaged in such
work, the club has been a good friend to Manly, inasmuch as it has represented the last link in the chain that has bound a good many people to the Village, who, in their turn, have assisted the shopkeepers to pay their rents.


Those who admire a good, genuine, sport lov
ing type of man must have been occasioned great regret when they learnt the tidings of Mr. H. N. Southwell's present illness.
It must
have caused them a surprise as well, because he always presented a bronzed and healthy looking countenance.
Bondi is noted for its
old-time surf-bathers, but few, if any, of the old brigade can boast of a longer association with the breakers than he.
Many years have come
and gone since he took his first plunge out there.
 In season and out of season he has
been a familiar and prominent figure on the beach, or wherever natatorial enthusiasts congregated.
His genial and attractive personality
made him welcome everywhere.
If any of the
clubs with which he was connected thought that he could further their interests in any way, they only had to mention the fact and the thing was done.
Many a time and oft his services
have been availed of to good advantage.
is, I know, a very sincere wish felt throughout the district that his recovery will be a speedy and a thorough one, and this sentiment I heartily subscribe.


The following clubs have affiliated to date :
Deewhy, North Bondi, North Steyne, Manly Life saving, Bondi Life-savers, Freshwater, South Steyne (late Manly Sea Gulls), Maroubra, Helensburgh, Stanwell Park Lifesaving, Coogee, Bronte, Little Coogee, North Narrabeen, Royal Lifesaving Society.
Carnival dates have been allotted as follows ;
Dec. 11, North Steyne Club ; New Year's Day, Cronulla Club ; Jan. 10, Manly Life Saving : Jan. 17, North Bondi Life.

The executive recommends that the trophy be
competed for on the occasion of the official opening of - the new dressing accommodation sheds at the South Steyne (Manly), which, it is expected, will be some time in January next.
The executive recommends that the event be
styled the Championship Surf Relay Race.
ditions : Teams of 10, each to swim 100 yards (same as last year's carnivals, viz., five to swim from shore to a moored boat, and five on boat to swim to shore, each to carry a small flag and pass on) ; open to all clubs affiliated to the S.B. Association of N.S. Wales.
winners to retain the trophy outright.
The adjourned meeting of delegates will be
held at the Sports Club to-morrow evening.


The newly-erected accommodation sheds at
North Steyne are to be officially declared open by the Mayor (Alderman Bonner) on Saturday afternoon next. In order to add to the importance of the occasion, the North Steyne Club are deciding two Alarm Reel Race competitions, open to members of affiliated clubs.
The hon. secretary, Mr. J.
B. Pym, has been working hard to ensure its success.
 As a result, he is able to report an
excellent entry for the events. All the leading . clubs are sending teams, and a good many of the State's best swimmers will be seen in action.
Up to the present, the club was under
the impression that the function was to be carried out under their auspices.
Now, it appears, the Council have signified their intention of attending to everything except the actual racing portion of the programme.
Some misunderstanding has arisen over their action in the matter.

1913 'SURF GOSSIP.', Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), 2 November, p. 15, viewed 27 August, 2014,

Sydney Morning Herald
Friday 5 December 1913 page 16.


A private cable message was received received yesterday Sydney Sydney from Mr. W. W. Hill, hon. secretary of the Australian Swimming Union, from Honolulu, to the effect that private business will prevent the world's Olympic champion.

Evening News
Sydney, Friday 5 December 1913, page 15.


UtftLIng out quJcJO/ l-r in gi me to tbe d*r I bed at Mar^iibra *iUi Jack C^noot. We were baihlrtg about up to our hip* io Uu water; i hcj jubi thai ashore on a «mall breiker, asd do, at. iow water, when my trieod nubed at tne, aoO grabbed me to arrosi my progress, roaring at the top of hlsvoke at tbe aame time, 'L/ooki I looked, but Jack was off. It was a shark right, enough. — and a very large one, too. 1 lumen to follow, a ad espied tbe we N- known oomudlan going like mad, seeding the spray la all directions. He was uoi I'ouieui with, reaching the beach, -but kept running for some hundreds of yards to our camp, wuere he pro ceeded to dress, and Immediately lojH hia do panurc for home, having had tto lbc hie own words), an '-awiuliy dtfceai day at iUrjui/r*.' He has not been there since, though. The Rose Challenge Shield, which was to have ?been competed for toy Coogce Club merulx-ra. Has been postponed till ibe middle of January, of time to their pr(*-arjtlon. Arthur Browne. the club's instructor. Is bead over h*-cis in work with teams going for certlfloaw-s an-1 medallions. He has, In all. about 30 me^iberu going through. On Sunday, at Mttle roogtc. there w.-re numerous minor mishaps _to bath it.-. liilly HampsoD, tlic club't arnbulnnce man was' kcjil hufitliag all day. .iinnoing to Inj.iri.'e Mr. GforKe WlllUmt; took n squad la band on Sunday, and put iht'iu tbrough tho4r work. Tho lite saving etvretary spoke- higbl-* of the nun nrr Jd -.vhi.-h the hoys rtrliled. lie lacdvautly impancJ a lot of ust-ful information io ill-: nii-mbiTs on mntivrs not lUcnUmed In tbo l.fti &uA-ins handbook. We ntlll boar the howl of 'jrart-sj;p °n l-lc 'bra'h'-s.' The time haa now arrivt-d when renco to bump up agaioet a decayed (owl while Infrf^urntly bas to plough his woy tb rough a perfect tiria of aelu-s when taking a dip oil Almost any of the beaches. The whole? troirtilff serins to be In the fact that refuse punts are not lawod far enough to eoa to [ore ilunjplnK their cargoes. I understand thit the City routKil bus been approached, with a view to britipluB about some tort ot r^iticdy for this fast-KfOfftag oufsaDC0. It Is to be hoped tiXiC I'n- rrmrdy will soon be applied.

The dancer of using a surf -board on a beach that is crowded with swimmers was demonstrated last week at Bondl.
I happened to be having a swim in the centre of the beach amongst a number of people.
Everybody bad been considerably hampered while in the water by the presence of some 'galoot' who persisted in shootlng through their midst with a board out in front of him - always a dangerous practice on a crowd
This sort of thing went on for some time, until he eventually struck a Iady in the middle of the back with it.
She immediately collapsed, and was assisted out pf the water by some people who were bathing with her.
The fellow in the meantime slunk away, and was not seen afterwards.
I know of nothing more dangerous than this, yet it goes on almost every day.
At Maroubra it is a common practice.

The members of surf clubs should be down on board-shooters like the 'wolf on the fold '
Boad-shooting is splendid fun and I know of nothing quite so sensational; but stlll the average person's safety has to be studied.
Should people desire to use boards, let them get away from the crowd in some isolated spot and then enjoy all the fun that is to be had.
The practice is strictly prohibited on almost every beach, but unfortunately there is always that clever person who is 'agin' the Government to be contended with.

1913 'SURFING.', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 5 December, p. 15, viewed 7 November, 2013,

Sydney Morning Herald
Tuesday 23 December 1913 page 4.


Mr. W. W. Hill, secretary of the New South Wales Rugby Union, Australian Swimming Union, Olympic Fund Committee, and general all-round sporting enthusiast, returned to Sydney yesterday by the R.M.S. Niagara, after a brief visit to California.

The Sydney sportsman was specially invited by the Universities of California and Leland Stanford to referee their annual Rugby game, and he left Sydney, accompanied by Mrs. Hill, on October 4.
He officiated in that game and also refereed matches played by the New Zealand "All Blacks" against the All-American team, and California University, and also the annual fixture between Stanford University and the University of Southern California.
He accompanied the New Zealanders and refereed their game at Fiji.

... (Football)

Mr. Hill visited Honolulu, on his way home, to interview Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, the famous Hawaiian world's champion sprint swimmer, in regard to a visit to Australia.
Unfortunately, the "Duke" has some urgent private business to attend to.
When at Honolulu, Mr. Hill mastered the art of surf-board riding, and canoeing in front of the wave; which sport is made possible by the formation of the Waikiki beach, which brings in a long easy roll.
"There are some fine swimmers at Honolulu besides Kahanamoku," continued Mr. Hill, "and the Hawaiian Athletic Union wants to send a team to Australia next season.
George Cunha is the best, and has swam 100 yards in 57 seconds."

... (Baseball)

"Everywhere I went," concluded Mr. Hill, "I had an enjoyable time."

The Washington Herald.
Washington, D.C., December 25, 1913, page 4.

This Has Rounded the Cape

From the Cape Argus. (South Africa)
"Do you play golf?' he asked the little lady, as they started off on their Muizenberg run for a gambol with the merry surf boards.
"I could try, of course," she replied, "but I haven't had much experience.
I don't think I should even know how to hold my caddy."

Chronicling America
The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, December 25, 1913, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC
Persistent link:

Sydney Morning Herald
Wednesday 31 December 1913, page 5.


An Australian's first impression of the famous Waikiki beach at Honolulu is decidedly disappointing.
Waikiki, means "spouting water," and the world-famous bathing place is about 1 1/2 mile long; and many hotels and boarding houses are situated there, and some of the dining rooms reach over to the beach.

The sandy portion does not exceed 25 yards in width at any point; and the rise and fall of the tide is very slight.
However, it is the formation of the beach that has made the locality so famous.
Coral abounds on the bottom, and a reef stretches right across the bay about half a mile from shore. Inside the water is quite shallow, and swimmers are frequently seen two hundred yards from shore and when they stand up they are only waist deep in the water.
It is this shallowness and very gradual slope that gives the waves their long, easy, regular roll and makes surf- board riding and canoeing so delightful.

Tho board is about seven feet long, and eighteen inches wide, with a convex top.
About 300 yards out a wave is selected, and then, lying flat on the board with the arms used in paddle fashion, as much impetus as possible is gained before the wave reaches the surfer.
The position is maintained until one is certain that the wave is carrying its burden, when the enjoyment is increased by first assuming a kneeling position, and then standing erect in the centre of the board.
This is kept up for more than 200 yards; and sometimes those who can balance well, stand on their heads.
The experience is very pleasant; and, once the art is mastered, everything is forgotten in the keen enjoyment of the exercise.

The canoeing is performed in what are called outriggers.
These are dug out logs in which about six people are each provided with a seat and a paddle.
The outriggers stretch about 6ft out, and a smaller log joins them and balances the canoe.
The boat is paddled out to the wave, and the same process in starting is gone through as is done on the surf board.
Sufficient impetus is attained before the wave reaches the canoe; then the paddling ceases and the boat goes careering along at a terrific pace, with the water coming over the bow.

The man in the stern keeps the course, straight in front of the wave, with his paddle as a rudder; and sometimes when there are signs of the wave rushing past the boat, all hands resume paddling and the position in front is maintained.

With both surf board and the canoe there is plenty of pleasurable exercise.
These delightful pastimes have most deservedly made Waikiki world famous; and with an even temperature in the water of 74 degrees bathing Is enjoyable all the year round.


It was Waikiki that produced the greatest sprint swimmer that the world has yet known - Duke Paoa Kabanamoku.
He was named "Duke" after his father, who was given the name by a loving parent in honour of the visit of the Duke of Edinburgh, who arrived at Honolulu on the day that the first Duke Kahanamoku was born.
Paoa was the name of the grandfather of the champion, and "Kahanamoku," in the native language means "shipbuilder," from which occupation the family no doubt derived its name.

Twenty-three years of age, six feet one inch tall, and weighing in street attire nearly 14 stone, Duke, as he is known to everyone in the Islands, is the perfect type of an athlete.
He has large shoulders, upper arm, and chest, and is very clean limbed, and moves with ease and freedom.
Duke is a member of the Hui Nalu, which means "surf club," and the broad Pacific is his playground.

For some time he outpaced his fellows in both sprint and distance events; and at a carnival held In the Honolulu harbour in 1912 he won the 100 yards swim, in the world's record time for a straightaway course, viz., 55 2-5s.
The great swimmer secured a place in the United States team for the fifth Olympic Games at Stockholm.
His first essay gave cause for doubt, as he was forced to retire with cramp.
To one unused to turning, and to small bathing pools, and who had previously known only the ocean for his swimming practice, the new conditions were decidedly awkward.
However, his second trial silenced everyone; and he just showed his heels to all the great sprinters of the eastern part of the union and was selected.
Recently the Amateur Athletic Union of the United States placed seven more records to Duke's credit, and the world's record figures now against his name are as follow:-
50 yards.- 23 1-5s, at Olympic Club, San Francisco, July, 1913.
75 yards- 37 1-3s, at Olympic Club, San Francisco, July, 1913.
100 yards, straightaway- 52 2-5s, at Honolulu, June, 1912.
100 yards, one turn- 54 3-5s, at Satro Baths, July 5, 1912.
100 metres- 61 3-5s, Hamburg, Germany, July, 1912.

All the above times are seconds-foot fractions ahead of the next best swims for the same distance.

Duke is employed as a draughtsman in the Public Works Department of the Islands, and is very successful in his work.
He has a very retiring disposition, and one soon makes friends with him.

He will willingly exhibit his stroke and kick in the water to anyone who is interested.
Up and down the beach he will swim, with his long-reaching crawl stroke; flat on the water with an easy roll to one side, and an easier one to the other.
When asked how he "kicked," Duke was quite at a loss to explain; and he finally gave it up, and said he did not know, but just kept going naturally.

A close watch shows his right leg moving a little faster than his left, in the ratio of about three of the former to trwo of the latter.
In the longer distance work, he moves slower in all respects, and there is less disturbance in the water.


Kahanamoku Is very eager to visit Australia, and never seemed to tire of asking questions about the bathing enclosures and beaches.
He was surprised to hear of the enclosed baths, as, like all the natives, he has no fear of sharks.
The natives swim about everywhere without a second thought about sharks, although they are known to abound there.
Harpooning these monsters is one of the pastimes in which Duke and his friends fill in their week-ends.
A carcase is towed out into the deep water behind a boat, and, after hours and hours of watching and walting the sharks that had been swimming around the boat some distance away gradually begin to draw in closer.

Finally, one more game than the rest, will make a bite at the carcase and when it has assured itself that the animal is dead, it takes another bite.
Then the carcase is pulled in close to the boat, and the native throws his harpoon unerringly at the shark, striking between the fins.
Then the shark is pulled in, taken ashore and sold to the Chinese, who eat the flesh and fins.

It can be confidently anticipated that Duke will swim even faster in Sydney than he has done hitherto.
When the shallow, dragglng nature of the Waikiki beach, and the small indoor pools of San Francisco and Los Angeles are compared with the splendid 100 metres staightaway course at the Sydney Domain baths, everthing suggests faster times.
He should easily acclimatise and the temperature of the water and surroundings generally, should be in the champion's favour when he visits us in December next.
The Hawaiians are also eager to see their territory represented by a team of four, to engage our best men in a relay race.


13 January 1913 : 
22 January 1913 : 
24 January 1913 : 
28 January 1913 : 
29 January 1913 : 
29 January 1913 : 
29 January 1913 :
14 February 1913 : 
23 May 1913 : 
12 July 1913 : 
21 July 1913 : 
20 September 1913 : 
7 October 1913 : 
5 December 1913 : 
23 December 1913 : 
31 December 1913 : 
Notting's Big Risk Canoe, Manly.
Dangerous Surfboards, Manly. 
Surfboard Regulation, Manly.
Manly Boardriders Resist Regulation, Yamba.
Dangerous Surfing Boards, Manly.
Dumper Defends Board Riders, Manly.
Duke Battles Giant Eel, Long Beach.
Canoe Surfing at Waikiki, Lismore.
Hawaii Tourist Promotion, London.
Duke Surfboard Riding, Long Beach.
(20 Headstands) Hustace and Duke Surfboard Riding, Long, Redondo and Vience Beach.
Duke Coming To Australia, Sydney.
Surfboard Riding's Revival, Waikiki.
Duke Tour Cancelled, Sydney.
W. W. Hill Surfs With Duke, Waikiki.
Duke Profile, Sydney.



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