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newspapers : 1916 

 Newspapers : 1916.

See: Newspaper Menu : Introduction.
It could be expected that there would be fewer  of newspaper reports from 1917 due to Australia's commitment to the war in Europe.


Sydney, Wednesday 12 January 1916, page 10.

But we had a real Sydney
day in Wellington (N.Z.) last Sunday week, and instead of resting my knee I went out surfing on a new American surf board, and had the misfortune to capsize myself and put ray knee out, so at present I am a bit of a cripple.

1916 'HANNAN v. FOGWELL', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 12 January, p. 10. , viewed 17 Apr 2016,

Sydney Sportsman
19 January 1916, page 6.


The Welsh singing boxer, Fred Dyer, wrote me a charming letter from Honolulu.
He tells me that he got ashore, only to be bailed up by a big theatrical manager, and signed on for a three weeks' vaudeville engagement.
 Dyer is dead struck on the surf-board game, and says Duke Kahamamoku is a wonder at it.
He attributes Duke's tremendous arm stroke to the exercise of swimming out to sea on these boards for the run in on a breaker.

1916 'FRED DYER WRITES.', Sydney Sportsman (Surry Hills, NSW : 1900 - 1954), 19 January, p. 6. , viewed 17 Apr 2016,

Sydney, Wednesday 26 January 1916, page 16.

Anniversay Swimming Carnivals



There will be plenty to occupy the attention of the swimmer and surfer to-day.
In both circles
the season so far has been quiet from a carnival standpoint, but this afternoon no fewer than four big events will be carried out throughout the State.
The surfers have been
even quieter than the swimmers, who have kept the members busy with club races.
ever, outside patrol work and a few patriotic calls on surfers, the clubs on the beaches have not been active:
Don. Mclntyre is to-day in
tent on helping the Venetian Carnival at Manly, and for the purpose will bring the Freshwater surf crew and surf-board exponents around to the main beach to give an exhibition.
The function is to be held in con
junction with the carnival arrangements for the benefit of the local hospital, .and the energetic Surf Association secretary fells sure that if the weather and waves are at all good, the v?. ??om the adjoining beaches will give an exhibition on the big shooting boards which will be second only to fine fine display of the Famous Duke Kahanamoku himself.
since the Hawaiian gave his first show at Freshwater, which, by the way, he pronounced as being a worthwhile beach for this class of work, the club members have been particularly keen on showing that the lessons he gave were not lost.
The result has been that many are expert bo
ard manipulators, and are capable of standing erect on a swiftly-shooting wave for a great distance.
Some of the other tricks of t
he great Duke have also been mastered, and Mr. Mclntyre promises a very fine entertainment.
The Manly Life-saving Club
members, who are also good on the board, will take part and an invitation is issued to all surf clubs to be represented.
Especially is this so to all surfboats, and a muster of all the surfboats at manly, combined with a shooting display, would be much appreciated by the organizer.
It will practically be the only surf function of the year k
'of III threglrd tO 'i1 SUrf b*ts.Pand a* muster busy with boxes.
A special arJa has bn so
ss^FaSFir0' and proccedin? wT

The peaceful scene usually noticeable about the Woolloomooloo Bay on Saturday afternoon was disturbed about 4.30 on Saturday last, when a number of natives from the South Seas gave a fine exhibition of jumping and water sports on the bay from the steamer Pacifique.
Most of them were of fine stature, and swam
all over the bay in utter disregard of sharks.
They climbed the rigging and jumped in Alick
Wickham fashion from some great altitudes, many entering the water with hardly any splash, and with a noise like the plunk of a stone.
Going through the air they went
through many antics that amused the few hundred spectators who were fortunate enough to witness the show.
The doubling up of the
legs as in the case of Wickham was the most common.
After swimming across the bay to the
beach alongside the ladies' baths, the islanders returned to the vessel's side, where they re raincd the deck in monkey-like fashion up the rope.
They clearly enjoyed the escapade, and
their laughter and song could be heard a long distance away.
Such a show repeated at a
carnival would greatly please the crowd.

There has been some very exciting sport in Manly Cove during the past two Saturdays.
Members of the Manly Swimming Club have
been trying the motor towed planing board dashes around the bay.
Thanks to the invi
tation of Mr. J. O. Hansen, owner of the speediest launch around the district, the sport was given a good try-out.
Messrs. O. G. H.
Merrett, H. Hay, C. D. Bell, J. Huie, F. C. Williams, and N. E. Row have all tried the nerve-trying experiment of balancing on the board while going full pace behind the boat.
In some cases, notably that of Huie, the practice of standing on the swift-moving surf board stood them in good stead.
A few spills
and much wobbling and uneasiness occurred, but generally all were successful, and enjoyed the sport so much that it is likely to grow greatly in popularity.
It is very exciting for
both performer and spectator.
Now that Mr.
Hansen has made a start with his boat, many other motor-boat owners are expected to help along the sport, which has more thrills to it than perhaps any other water game.

1916 'Anniversary Swimming Carnivals.', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 26 January, p. 16, viewed 22 August, 2013,

The Sun
Sydney, Wednesday 26 January 1916, page 5.


Manly is having a great holiday this afternoon,
The reserves and beaches are crowded.
Carnival proceedings opened with a surf-board and surf-shooting exhibition.
The Freshwater Surf Club display at the South Steyne was witnessed by an immense gathering.
To-night a. procession of decorated motor cars and fancy costume merry-makers will parade the streets,and afterwards  a continental will be held on the oval.

1916 'MANLY CARNIVAL', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 26 January, p. 5. , viewed 17 Apr 2016,

Sydney, Wednesday 2
February 1916. page 16.


Don. Mclntyre, the energetic hon. secretary
of the Surf Bathing Association, was congratulated on all sides in connection with the Surf- Show he arranged on Wednesday, to help the Hospital Fund at Manly.
Surf Boards
and Surf Boats Show want favorable weather, and this was not forthcoming on the day.
wind the night before bringing in 'dumpers,' when the time came for the surfers to try their hand as controllers of the power that the waves possess.
It was bad luck for the
many thousands who attended, as well as the exponents of the art whom the energetic Don. had gathered together.
However, they tried
their hand and took a chance to show the public, that something at any rate could be done with the boards and boat in such a surf.
board show naturally was not up to the expectation's of the promoter, who knows what the Freshwater boys have been doing on their own beach shooting the waves on the Kahanamoku Board.
However, the people looking
on got an excellent display, nevertheless.
gave a promise of something much better when the weather is good, and Mr. Mclntyre is sure to be asked to repeat the show.
Freshwater boys turned up in good numbers, and out of the ten boards seven came from that beach.
Messrs. Dowling (North Steyne)
and Walker (Manly), also helped while Miss Isma Amor, whose shooting with both the body and the board everyone admired, also helped the good cause.
She has shown many
very neat and excellent displays in the casual sort of way while bathing and her first public appearance, it is hoped will not be her last as few can execute the good plain shooting as neatly as she can.

The Surf Boat gave a remarkably fine exhibition and under Captain 'Dick' Matterson, a Freshwater crew illustrated clearly what splendid use can be made of this method of facing the surf on its roughest day.
surf boat is going to be an institution on our beaches.
Matterson and his crew gained ap
plause by fine shooting and their work of launching.
This particularly difficult feat pro
vided the tit-bit of the show.
It was smartly
and effectively done: In an emergency the Freshwater crew need not fear any sea.
show this by. their daring.
On Wednesday
they rowed from Freshwater across to Manly.
On Saturday night they did even better and
faced the long Ocean and Harbor row from Freshwater around through the Heads to take part in the Venetian Carnival.
There is a
great future in the idea and when the time comes again, when spirited competition can be talked between the different beaches, the surf boat crew contests should not be the least attractive of the items.
The collection boxes were busy the whole
time the carnival progressed, and it is satisfactory to note that something in the region of 20 will be handed to the Carnival Fund in aid of the hospital. ....

1916 'Fanny Durack is Still Champion.', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 2 February, p. 16, viewed 22 August, 2013,

Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
February 2, 1916, page 12.

Champion Girl Swimmer of Hawaii Will Begin Work in Tutoring at Once.

Miss Ruth Stacker has forsaken the amateur ranks.
This statement means that Honolulu will not have the pleasure of watching the champion swimmer of Hawaii compete agains Miss Frances Cowells.
That Miss Stacker would have made a great race against the San Francisco girl is the consensus of opinion among all devotees of the aquatic sport.

Miss Stacker has made the fastest time ever made by a girl swimmer in Hawaii in the 50 yards, negotiating the distance in 31 seconds.
She also made an A. A. U. record for the 440 in minutes and 8 seconds.
She has been caught three times in practise by three watches in 28:4, which betters the world record.

Miss Stacker has decided to take up teaching, and has made all arrange ments to teach tank and open water swimming.
She will also tutor in diving and surf board riding.
She will have classes in both the Gerrit Wilder and Pleasanton tanks.
Miss Stacker's nation-wide reputation as a swimmer has been a big help in forming classes, and already a large number have asked for an opportunity to learn the aquatic sport.

Those who have watched Miss Stacker on a surf board know that she is capable of teaching the art of riding the breakers, and inasmuch as this sport is growing in favor, a large number of pupils is expected in this department of aquatics.
Miss Stacker will devote her entire time to the work, and although the swimming fans will regret that she will be unable to appear in the amateur events, it is certain that they will watch her work in developing new champions.
The champion swimmer was trained by the Hui Nalu swimmers, and she owes a great amount of her success to their efforts in teaching her the proper method of swimming.

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, February 02, 1916, 3:30 Edition, SPORTS, CLASSIFIED AND SHIPPING SECTION, Image 12
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Honolulu Star-Bulletin
Honolulu, February 8, 1916, page 9.

A. A. Wilder Suggests Feature
Hui Nalu Approval

A Big Water Carnival at Waikiki wlll be a big feature of the opening of the Carnival this year.
Yesterday noon W. T. Rawlins, chairman of the swimming committee and president of the Hui Nalu Club, decided that the famed Water Carnival, which had been a feature in past years, will be revived this year.
A. A. Wilder, who has been interested in the advancement of water sports, has suggested the renewal of the feature, and Mr. Rawlins at once began work on the plan for a real old time water exhibition.
The Hawallans will have the day for themselves and many of the best swimmers will compete for various prizes.
The preliminary plans as outlined by Mr. Rawlins will consist of a water parade in which many canoes will form the line, and after the opening event on the program canoe races, canoe sailing races, swimming events and surf-board riding will be staged.
Cash prizes will be given to the winners of the events and as outlined the program will consist of events for both men and women.

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, February 08, 1916, 3:30 Edition, SPORTS, CLASSIFIED AND SHIPPING SECTION, Image 9
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Sydney Morning Herald
Friday 10 March 1916, page?


Starting to-morrow, Bondi will be en fete for a week, and many of the attractions offered are entirely new.
The carnival week opens with a procession from Queen street, Woollahra, at 2 p.m.
Among the items are tableaux (on lorries), representing the Allies, the Dolly Vardens, the Dickens, France as it was yesterday, to-day, and to-morrow, Returned soldiers, Tingira boys, friendly societies, sporting bodies, tramway tableaux, etc., and numerous brass bands will be present at the beach.
The programme includes the Freshwater Duke surf board display, surf events by leaders, surfers, athletic events and novelties by East Sydney Amateur Athletic Club, "The Anzac Derby," physical culture display by Tingira boys, greasy poles, duck hunts, etc.
In the evening a Scotch concert will be held.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 13 March 1916 page 8.


The carnival week at Bondi Beach, which has been arranged in aid of the Mayor of Waverley's patriotic fund for wounded or distressed soldiers or dependants, opened on Saturday.
A procession marched from Ocean-st, Woollahra, to the beach, the streets through which it passed being well lined with people, who evinced great interest in the pageant,.
It was headed by a military band, and comprised some striking tableaux, one by the Anti-German League attracting a great deal of notice.
A company of French soldiers with a field gun were well received.
Prizes were given for the best arranged displays, that representing Father Neptune being placed first, Nurse Cavell second, and France third.

Arrived at the beach, the sports programme was carried out, also exhibitions of life-saving by the Bondi club, and a surfing board display by members of the Freshwater Club.
A number of boys from the Tingira also gave an exhibition of physical culture drill.
In the evening a Scotch concert was held.
The carnival will be held each evening till Sunday next, when there will be a "gold rush" on the beach.

1916 'BONDI CARNIVAL.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 13 March, p. 8. , viewed 17 Apr 2016,

Honolulu Star-Bulletin
Honolulu, March 24, 1916, page 1.

At the time of the marriage of
resident" Wilson and Mrs. Gait the
51 Globo Club of the intermediate de
artment of the V. M. C. present
ed a gift of a Hawaiian surf rider
itatuette to Mrs. Wilson. This morn
ng the president of the club received
.he following appreciation from the
vVhite House:
"The President and Mrs. Wilson
greatly appreciate the good will which
irompted the sending of the statuette
f the Hawaiian surf rider, which
hey received, and they have asked
ne to convey to. everyone concerned
in expression of their warmest
hanks for the courtesy.
Secretary to the President."

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, March 24, 1916, 2:30 Edition, Image 1
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Hawaiian Gazette
Honolulu, April 7, 1916, page 3.


Joseph de Frenes, the moving picture man, will be at Waikiki Beach tomorrow afternoon to take pictures of the bathers and surf-board riders for the scenes of Hawaii that he is now preparing.
He expects a-big crowd there if the weather is good.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, April 07, 1916, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Evening News
Sydney, Wednesday 19 April 1916, page 6.


At the last meeting of the Waverley Council an application was received from Mr. F. Foran for permission to use a surf board at Bondi.
It was decided to inform the applicant that the practice of surf shooting by the means of a surf board was one that should not be encouraged, as it caused inconvenience and annoyance to the public.
The Inspectors were ordered to see that the practice was discontinued.

1916 'SURF BOARDS PROHIBITED.', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 19 April, p. 6. , viewed 17 Apr 2016,

Tweed Daily
Murwillumbah, Tuesday 25 April 1916, page 2.

bathing appeared to be the most popular pastime., the beaches being crowded throughout the day.
In connection with the surf bathing it might be mentioned that the practice of using surf boards is becoming very dangerous.
Persons using these should make it their particular business to keep away from the rest of the bathers.

1916 'Tweed Heads and Coolangatta.', Tweed Daily (Murwillumbah, NSW : 1914 - 1949), 25 April, p. 2. , viewed 17 Apr 2016,

Honolulu Star-Bulletin
Honolulu, May 19, 1916, page 2.

Hawaii will soon be on the movie screen in the United States.
H. J. Wurzberg of Chicago, who has been visiting here with Mrs. Wurzberg, has made an agreement with R.K. Bonine to show those pictures which the latter took here.
Mr. Wurzberg leaves on the Manoa next week with several thousand feet crammed full of Kilauea, Haleakala, lau-fishlng, surf board and Waikiki scenes.
More are to follow later.

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, May 19, 1916, 3:30 Edition, Image 2
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Los Angeles Herald
Volume XLII, Number 208, 30 June 1916.

Diving with a grace and finish never before seen in Southern California, Aileen Allen last night won tile national diving championship of the United States at the Los Angeles Athletic club plunge.
The competition for the title brought forth some of the best diving yet seen in the local tank.
Miss Meyer, who held the title up to last night, performed in a fashion to be expected from her advance notices.
But she was competing against too much class.
The diving of Miss Allen was flawless.
It was nervy and at the same time it was sylphlike in grace and finish.
The best dives of the evening were the running back somersault by Miss Meyer of the Multnomah club, and the back one and a half somersault by Miss Allen, who wears the colors of the Los Angeles Athletic club.

Another title came to the local club when Miss Dorothy Burns won the 180-yard backstroke event for the national championship.
Miss Burns had very little competition in this event and won by a lap and a half over Miss Richardson of Rimini.
A quartet of sprinters from the Los Angeles Athletic club succeeded in breaking the coast record for the four-man 400-yard relay.
The men were Lady Langer, Jerry Witt, Guy Sylvester and Bob Howard.
They hung up a new mark with the time of 4.10 1-6 tor the distance.
Ted Bums broke the old Southern California record In the 50-yard backstroke with a mark of 34 2-6 to his credit.
Other events on the program were the 50-yard breaststroke, which was won by Messenger in 35 3-5, with Haylock second and Vini a close third.
Herman Stearns failed to go more than 64 feet in the plunge for distance.
In practice Wednesday he did over 70 feet.
Blliy Williams, with a fancy diving exhibition; Cameron Coffey, the 4-year-old diver, Bowes and Gilbert in comedy diving, and Vance Velth in an exhibition of swimming strokes completed the events.

California Digital Newspaper Collection

Sydney, 2 August 1916, page 16.


R. B. Benjamin, one of the leading managers
of sport celebrities in the game to-day, has robbbed the simon pure amateur ranks of one of their greatest stars.
Benjamin, who handles
Willie Hoppe, the billiard king, has signed Duke P. Kahanamoku, the famous Hawaiian swimmer.
Kahanamoku, the greatest speed swimmer the world has ever known, has competed in his last race as an amateur.
When the Duke won the
50yds National A.A.U. championship in the Illinois A: C. tank at Chicago recently it was his farewell to the cup lovers, although at that time he had no idea of deserting the ranks.
Benjamin took Hoppe to Hawaii on a dual billiard playing and rest-seeking trip of four months.
Kahanamoku arrived there, after a
trip through this country, the day Benjamin departed.
It took Hoppe's manager a few hours only to convince Duke that the stage offered more glory than the meets, and that ready cash
would inflate his exchequer much faster than cups and medals.
Duke signed.

Kahanamoku will join Benjamin in this city in a month.
Although no plans have definitely
been decided on, Duke probably will put in two months of outdoor work.
His opening
will be at Atlantic City or Newport.
The outdoor 'act' will consist of surf-boat riding and general exhibitions.
Duke has al
ready visited these parts, and is satisfied that the surf is large enough to permit him to show his skill on the Hawaiian 'skids.'
Benjamin has received three vaudeville offers for Kahanamoku.
He will accept one of these.

Duke's stage exhibition will be featured by a trick in which he supposedly bites off the head of a live fish, besides many other water eccentricities- known to the natives of Hawaii.

1916 'KAHANAMOKU TURNING PRO.', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 2 August, p. 16. , viewed 23 Nov 2016,

Honolulu Star-Bulletin
Honolulu, August 16, 1916, page 10.

Tourists Want
With Duke's
Surf Board
Latest Fad is Pose in Front of Board Owned By World's
A Champion Swimmer Many Tourists Send Photographs to
Mainland Great Publicity Move, S?.ys Taylor Stanford
Girl Caught Posing for Picture Says Duke Best Natator
- -" . - .
r Honolulu and Hawaii have boasted fcr her friend. Miss Hell has many
tf many publicity moves that have friends in Honolulu and during tier
brought the" attention of the tourist three months' visit here has become
the Islands. They have been written adept both at swimming and diving.
In ' long and story. In words like She has taken a deep interest in
Mark' .Twain's prose poem and -expres-j fwlmming and has followed the rec.
ords of the leading natators of -the
Miss Bell, in company with a n'ura
ler of other young ladies, expect to
remain here for some time and may
perhaps prolong their visit until after
the big September swimming meet
Miss Bell ia confident that Duke will
win all three events in the coming
meet and predicts new records in
both the 100 and 220-yard swims.
Naturally, being a Stanford girl, she
does not believe 'that Ludy Langer of
lions such as JLhe . Isles of Peace and
, the Isles of Perpetual Summer. Thea,
again, the climate, surfing, Volcano,
... Ukulele, polo, swimming and bun
. dreds of other things have added to
the stack of publicity that have been
nlven the Islands.
The latest thing In the line of fad
for tourists Is to have their pictures
taken standing up In front of Duke
Kahanampku'a surfboard. Dukei be
ing champion of the world. Is better
known to tourists than any other citi
zen of Hawaii. They have heard of j the University of California can wty
nis piauaua irom tne Atlantic to tne: from the world s champion.
Pacific, and ail' want something to
bring back to their friends to show
that they have not neglected the
aquatic feature of their stay.
A GIH Started It ; ,.;
One day Duke left his surfboard
resting against the pier In front of
the Moana and a youn lady, a tour
ist, walked up to the board while an
i tber, one mapped her posing In front
of the wave rider.
This was only the beginning, and
before the day was ever a score of
.:tourWs: had ; lined tip alongside'tha
beard and had their pictures snapped
lr , many ways. Following this Duke
wag;, besieged by . tourists to allow
theiri to" pose In Tront of the board
'"thd hundreds have been photographed
In the past week. ; '
Coott, Saya Taylor ' '
; These photographs will be mailed
, , , to frtenda throughout: the malnlaai
. and'- jrlll be an incentive to attract
, " visitors' ;.tp' tbe beach, at Walklki

Chronicling America
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, August 16, 1916, 3:30 Edition, SPORTS CLASSIFIED AND SHIPPING SECTION, Image 10
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Sydney,  30 August 1916, p. 16.


Fred Dyer, the Welsh singing boxer, writing
me from Honolulu, goes into raptures regarding; that island, its climate, its sun, and its wonderful swimmers and surfrshooters.
Dyer saw
a good deal of the Duke (Kahanamoku), and refers to his surf-board riding as astonishing.
''The people here think a lot or him,'' the letter goes on; ''but every man who knows anything about swimming whispers, when the Duke and his powers are the subject of conversation, that there is a lad in Honolulu who will surely take the number of Kahanamoku's mess when they get together as competitors.
So you had better
slip, a word to the Australian swimmers, and tell them to keep at it.''
Dyer thinks the surf
board excellent practice for swimming, particularly for the arm stroke; and says, that watching Kahanamoku in his shoot stunt, he felt satisfied that the work done by him on the board was what gave him the great, qnom de- power he exerts.
I was similarly impressed,
and said so in my notes, when Kahanamoiku did some surf-riding at Freshwater and Manly.


1916 'SWIMMING AND SWIMMERS', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 30 August, p. 16. , viewed 23 Nov 2016,

The Journal
Adelaide, 2 September 1916, page 9.

Dr. T. H. Hynes's Impressions.

In the opinion of Dr. T. H. Hynes among the places that Australians in need of a change may take in our winter season the Islands of Hawaii have a foremost claim.
Sea bathing is a special feature of a sojourn in the islands.
It seems to become a mania almost, with warm sea water, no extremes of weather, and no off days.
Canoe and surf riding constitutes a fascinating pastime among the breakers of the coral-bound shore.

1916 'A HOLIDAY IN HONOLULU', The Journal (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1923), 2 September, p. 9. , viewed 23 Nov 2016,

The Queenslander
Brisbane,  4 November 1916, page 27.


To water sports there has been added lately still another form of
diversion, namely, a, pneumatic coaster for surf riding.
It is a mat
tress-like raft, which is inflated with air.
Passengers ride on it much
in the same way as on a sled, while the tumbling breakers or waves cause the pneumatic coaster to glide up and down the hills and hollows of the surf.
The sport is fast becoming the vogue at many of the
leading American summer seaside resorts.

1916 'The Roll of honour.', The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939), 4 November, p. 27, viewed 15 September, 2014,

Sydney, Wednesday 15 November 1916, page 15.

Kahanamoku The Latest

The latest regarding Kahanamoku is come from San Francisco:-
Duke Kahanamoku has decided to turn professional.
Vance Veitch, of Los Angeles, received a letter from Honolulu containing this information.
"The famous Hawaiian swimmer has received tempting offers, both from vaudeville circuits and from motion picture studios.
His present plan is to take a whirl on a vaudeville circuit and then go into pictures for a short while
After that he will teach swimming.
At present his plan is to conduct a school for tourists in swimming and surf-board riding at the islands.
It is also understood that several offers have been made him by Eastern athletic clubs.
As a past master of the crawl he is in great demand."
We hear so much about Kahanamoku going to, and having, become a professional that most of us might feel satisfied he has been more or less a professional for quite a long time.

1916 'SWIMMING', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 15 November, p. 15. , viewed 17 Apr 2016,

Southern Cross
Adelaide, Friday
15 December 1916, page 25.


On the outskirts of Honolulu is the famous Waikiki Beach, where a magnificent ocean front in graceful curves stretches for miles.
The water is always warm, with never a cold wind or a chilly day.
 Nowhere is it surpassed as a bathing resort.
Not Manly, with its thundering swell of swirling waves, not Lido by Venice, in the Adriatic, not Atlantic City hard by New York, not Henley Beach at the close of a hot summer day.
It is the swimmer's paradise.
Surf board riding, too, is a novel and exhilarating sport.
You swim out as far as you dare, with your surf board under you, then mark the approach of some huge cresting wave, mount with your board on its back, then hold your breath while you dash shoreward with appalling rapidity.
And the next thing to do is to stand on your board.
Generally you don't.
Unless yon are an expert - and it takes a long time to become one - you fall ingloriously into the cushiony arms of Neptune.

1916 'The Isles of the Blest.', Southern Cross (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1954), 15 December, p. 25. , viewed 17 Apr 2016,

2 February 1916 : 
10 March 1916 : 
13 March 1916 : 
Surfer Ruth Stacker to Teach Swimming - Honolulu.
Surfboard Exhibition - Bondi. 
Freshwater Club Surfboard Exhibition - Bondi.



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Geoff Cater (1997-2019) : Newspapers, 1916.