is one man only in Australia at the present time who can get aboard a breaker.
He is Duke
Kahanamouku, the human motor boat from Honolulu, one of the world's champion swimmers, who is in our midst now
forthcoming swimming carnivals.
Up till recently we had known him only by repute; we had seen him in picture in one of
attitudes--standIng on his surfboard, being
borne shorewards on the crest of a wave, a smile on his dusky countenance, and there were a lot of us who imagined the
poster to be
grossly exaggerated; too theatrical, in fact.
CARRYING THE IMMENSE BOARD
ON WHICH HE CARRIES OUT
HIS WONDERFUL WATER FEATS. It measures 8ft 6in by 2ft. is
3in through at its thickest part, and weighs over 70lb.
But we are wrong.
The man on the poster is the Duke all right, but the picture errs on
It should have shown him balancing himself on his head on the board.
This was one of the attitudes he struck at a private display of his wonderful surfing prowess given before a small gathering at Freshwater, Sydney, last week.
Nothing more remarkable in the way of a natatorial exhibition has ever been seen locally.
Standing on the beach and looking seaward, all ones could see was a towselled
head, 300 or 400
It belonged to the Duke.
rose on the next wave one could see his long dusky body stretched flat on his surf board, which was heaving and tossing like a cork on the face of the ocean.
A moment or two
later there was a wild whoop of joy from the Hawaiian native, who could he seen scrambling on to his knees.
He got there at last,
paddled frantically for a few yards, anid then stood up.
For the fraction of a seconds he poised, and then, giving the board beneath
dextrous twist of his foot, shot over thesurface
of the water at a tremendous rate of speed.
So lightning-like was the movement that all one could see was a dark figure - it might have been a post for all
spectators knew - flying through space.
distance of 100 yards - a very small shoot for the Duke - took but a few seconds to
What a picture he presented as he stood upright, the breakers curling beneath him, a smile on his face.
Then he moved his feet again, and turning the board completely round, dived backwards into the boiling surf.
later his dark body glistening in the sun light come to view again beside his
And then the process was repeated all over again.
The manner and rapidity with which Kahanamouku goes to sea on his board is truly marvellous.
The board is 8ft. 6in.
long, Ifts wide, and three inches through at its
It reminds one of a coffin lid, the only difference being that it tapers at either
end, more so at
the front, however, in order to mount the breakers.
A little more wood is left in the lower half of the board
for purposes of
Its shellac surface is as
slippery as a
dancing floor, and altogether it weighs about 70lb.
It is not the Duke's private board,
though, for it was made locally from sugar pine.
Kahanamouku's own board is
redwood, and is about 10lb. lighter, but he is immensely pleased with the local
says that after he has rubbed sand into its surface
liberally that it will be equal to his.
Despite its great weight and awkward shape, the Duke shoulders his board jauntily until he reaches the shore.
He gives it a hefty push, and throws himself flat on it.
As soon as he gets
into a foot of water he begins to work his arms, breast stroke - a method of propulslon that sends him out to sea about
as quickly as a man swimming at his fastest rate of speed.
Last week some of the
best local swimmers tried to keep pace with him, but he left them hopelessly behind.
To balance himself on the board
places the left leg forward.
The right is ten
inches behind in a diagonal position.
In such a
posture he has complete control of the craft, and can, by using his feet, twist it
direction he wishes.
He can even wheel it round
in the water like a flash.
The best time to indulge in the sport, says Kahanamouku, is when there is a
swell on thesurface of the ocean, and when
there is an
almost complete absence of surf.
It is then that
the dusky native is seen in his most picturesque attitude - balancing himself
on his bead
on the board, and allowing
the waves to bear
Under the same conditions the Duke performs another remarkable water feat.
He takes a boy
out to sea with him, and mounting hisboard
allows the youngster to climb on to his back.
In this fashion Kahanamouka and his passenger are brought in.
Of course, it would be a rare occasion when he would be able to perform this
feat round the
Though there are dozens of natives at Honolulu who can ride a surfboard with
almost the same dexterity as the Duke, not one of them can maintain his balance on the board and carry a passenger as well.
Once one has become expert in this form of sport in the water he forsakes body
surfing for ever,
why, it can readily be understood.
faster in every respect, is not nearly so tire some, and as for exhilaration, well
there is the same
diiference as between cycling and motoring.
EXHILARATING PASTIME OF SURF
Kahanamouku, world's champion swimmer, standing on his surf
board shooting the breakers at Freshwater. -"Sunday Times," photo
[reprint, not 1915 newsprint copy]
course, there is a good deal of danger in the sport, especially if there he
other swimmers in
Provided, however, that various portions of the beaches round Sydney are set apart for the express purpose
riding, there is no reason why it should not become popular locally.
Kahanamouku's remarkable display last week, one of the local swimming enthusiasts
"I'm.giving up surting; I'm going to duck into the bush right now to search for a' piece of bark;" and he wasn't the
only one in the
vicinity filled with the same ambitions.
1915 'The Wonderful Water Feats of Duke
Kahanamouku.', The Globe and Sunday Times War Pictorial (Sydney,
NSW : 1914 - 1917), 2 January, p. 3, viewed 22 August, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100570993
Although unacredited, this is clearly a
first person account of the Duke's first "private" surf riding
exhibition at Freshwater Beach on 24th
December, 1914, and published four days
Importantly, this is the only press
account that most accurately reports the board's length (actually
8 ft 6.5 in), and the actual details of Duke's technique are
Note that the board was "made locally from sugar pine" and not, as often reported, "made
from local sugar pine."
shellac surface is as
slippery as a dancing
floor," before riding the board Duke "rubbed sand into its surface
liberally" for grip.
This information was apparently considered so basic, that it
does not appear to be reported anywhere else in the literature.
The photograph of surf
riding has been widely reprinted and is
accredited as Cronulla by Thoms in Surfmovies
(2000) page 22),
however this contemporary publication confirm that both can only be taken at Freshwater.
The posted image is from a reprint and not the
poor defintion newsprint copy.
The photograph of Duke carrying the board,
while similar to a commonly reprinted
image, has not (I think) been
The reference to Duke's skill at tandem
surf riding at Waikiki strongly
indicates that the Isabel Letham was not a participant at the 1914
Referee and the Arrow
Sydney, Saturday 2 January 1915, page 3.
THE SURF AND
The president (Mr. C.
D. Patterson) and officers
of the Surf-balhinE Association desire to express, through our columns, their appreciation of the work of club members during the past year, and hope that they will
have a highly
successful New Year, and personally wish them a Happy and Prosperous one.
Full advantage was
taken of the beaches during
the holidays, and the improved accommodation, particularly at Coogee, was much
appreciated by the
public, and as far as the writer's knowledge extends, no complaints
The lookout kept by the
various clubs, on their
particular beaches, was also the means of the festive period passing off without any accidents.
In several instances
bathers were carried
out, but in every case speedily rescued by the members of the life-saving ciubs.
At Cronulla, members
of the local life-saving club, who happened to be in the vicinity at
the time of an alarm,
rushed to render assistance
without divesting themselves of their clothing
Their promptitude and unselfishness was heartily, commended by visitors' who
'What's the boat for,'
queried the Duke, in a
surprised tone, when he espied the Manly L.S. Club's surf boat putting into
Freshwater on Thursday
''We got them to bring
it round to pull your
board out for you,'' replied Don Mclntyre, beaming with pride and delight at the thought that his favorite haunt was
to be the scene of the
famous Kahanamoku's first
exhibition in Australia.
greeted this information with a roar of laughter.
for his irrepressible mirth was not apparent at that particular moment to
aware, and duly impressed, with the fact that the plank in question weighed
action, of course, in arranging to have the boat in attendance was
dictated by overlooked
that the Honolulu marvel is not a normal being, as far as his
capabilities in the water are concerned.
enlightened as to this when they saw him take possession of what they fondly imagined
would be an
encumbrance in the breakers and make off with it seawards at such a rapid
rate as to leave
one of our crack swimmers far in the rear.
Then they realised where the joke camepr'cciatcd it quite as much as the Duke
Members of the Freshwater Club
were fully conscious of the honor conferred on their beach by its having been selected as the rendezvous for the distinguished visitor's initial
display, and the
committeemen saw to it that ample refreshments were provided.
Press folk and officials privileged to view the exhibition.
The supplement to the Surf-Bathing Association's handbook is now ready, and will be in the hands of all clubs this week. Conditionslaid
down will govern all future examinationsuntil further notice.
1915 'THE SURF AND SURFERS', Saturday Referee and the Arrow
(Sydney, NSW : 1912 - 1916), 2 January, p. 3. , viewed 22 Apr
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. January 2, 1915, page 1.
DUKE WINS SWIMMING RACE IN
Duke P. Kahanamoku, who set a new world's record
in Sydney today and showed he has not "gone back."
is Second, While the Australasian Crack, Barry, is Third. SYDNEY, Australia, Jan.; 2. Results of hundred: Duke, Cunha, Barry. Time, 53 4-5 seconds.- "Evans."
The above, brief cable, received this morning by W. T. Rawlins,
chronicles a great victory for Duke Kahanamoku and George Cunha
in their initial appearance in Australian waters.
The time sets a new world's record, putting
a full second off Duke's own mark made here 21st February last;
and the fact that; George Cunha finished ahead of Barry,
Australia's crack sprint swimmer, makea it notable that the
Healani swimmer also covered the distance in faster time than
The conditions of the race were 100 yards straightaway.
Duke Kahanamoku set the mark of 54 4-5 seconds here on February
21 last, at the carnival swimming meet.
On June 11 last he equaled this mark, and was closely pressed
by, Cunha in the race.
Kahanamoku and Cunha will swim another Australian meet January
4, and with both men in fine form, it seems likely that all the
Australian records thet they go against are in imminent danger
of being fractured.
annual, aquatic carnival was held in the Yamba Bay on New
Year's Day. The weather
was everything that could be desired and an enormous crowd
lined the shores of the bay. As soon as the
boats arrived the contests were commenced, but owing to the
tide being unfavourable some of the races had to be abandoned. It is a great
pity that such was the case as the championship race caused
much disappointment and ill-feeling, a protest having been
entered against the winner, which the committee has set aside
for hearing. Otherwise the
sports on the whole were up to expectations.
officiated: Judges, Messrs. A. McLachlan and W. Peoples;
starters, H. M. Henderson and W. Craig; committee, Messrs. E.
J. Gibson, T. Walker, H. Till, W. Craig, L. McDonald, H.
Smith, H. Englert, P. Kingsbury, C. G. Englert (secretary), O.
Campionship, 15 years and under, 5O yds.- M. McDernid and J.
Englert (dead heat) for first; Bawden second. Youths
Handicap, 15 years and under, 50 yds.- V. Shore, 1 sec, 1; M.
McDermid, scr., 2. Won by a yard. 100yds
Championship of Clarence River, trophy valued £2 2s.- G.
Phillis (Harwood), 1; A. Henry (Grafton), 2. Time, 1.14. Other
starters: C. McGrath, A. Saul, Jack Spring, A. Evans, Rowell. A protest was
lodged against winner.
Ràce, 200yds.- 1. Englert and V. Shore, 1; Henderson and S.
Keogh, 2. 100yds.
handicap had to be abandoned owing to insufficient water being
in the bay. After lunch
sports were held on the ocean beach. The members of
the Surf Club gave a very creditable exhibition of life saving
and shooting the breakers, T. Walker being very brilliant in
his surf board display
Trove 1915 'LATE
SPORTING. YAMBA SURF LIFE SAVING BRIGADE.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), 5
January, p. 7, viewed 5 January, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61643604
Evening News Sydney, Thursday 7 January 1915,
SWIMMING. DUKE KAHANAMOKU
BEATEN. HOW ADRIAN DID IT. A MAGNIFICENT FINISH. NEW RECORD TIMES.
a great finish, Tommy Adrian, of Manly, beat Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, the
celabrated Hawallaii swimmer, at the Domain Baths last night.
The race wasfor the 440 yard, championship or New South Wales, and how
tor won is likely to be talked about for a long time.
And It deMrrsi to be, the fttrnggle over the last SO yards
being muni ncent.
Nothing better could have seen vlshud tor. W. Longirorlh. the holder ol the
title, was unable to defend It, owing to rudden lUneaa. It «as a serere blow to tlr: winner
championships, irbo had devoted considerable attention to nui prcparalloa for
the event. He was looked upon a* the man wfco could prob ably down tbo Hawaiian, no] when
Longwo.-tii could not swim, Doke wu regaided aa a cer tain wlnupr by enthuslarts
generally, thoufili they hoped to see Adrian Klve -.ht
Tlsltor a h r 1 race. Hut at one stase they teemed to be In for a big dlsappolntmeit, and for
the greater pan of the time the crsrl of about MOO was comparatively quiet. Kauanamoku, F. PitU (BaM Sydney),
-Mnnl-), rage (Randwlclc and Coogee). and C. Tbom.ts (Fydney) were thu t-la;tcrs,
and that was
the order In which Hit sto ij on tbc starling board. After Duk... naJ
-lived Into the nat»r to prt wet. a prarllce be follows
etartinB In any race, Mr. A. C. W. Hill sent tlie men away cxcL-ilmtly. It
waa er.*y to
plrk out Kahanamoka. There vas an «6 aence ot any fptasb from bis feet,
but the sante could not bo tald abo'it Che jthero. Uulu vent along wlthnut any tppjrent
rffort. Thi'r. a««med to be no DustK- u the in9tvoiABt of
'Thomas lrais Mirlan la second, and Duke third,' callr,! uut Mr. fni.
WlUlame. the man with the negation'', as the swimmer* com pletrd thn flrei lap ul uo rards.
Half way down
the jrrond lap Tliomas was .till aheao, but Kahtnamoku bad mt-v..J Into
second placa. ?torn was nttl- rxritomrm. tbe general lm prasalon being that ta-- Hawaiian,
who was go lnc along In »?»»- Mik, ».i« simply waiting.
tbo pare was noi sl^n. th« time ror no yards being only If. m« onds boblnd
tbe world's record lor th» 'clistan. ??? At the end of
lap. howrrir, thore was a mighty change In tbe attitude of tlie nnlookerfi. 'Adrian l« first,' railed out Ur.
Williams a. tin men turnni for th-- la-i 110 yarda. His other words were drowni-l hy the
'Tommy, vou beamy:' -Adrian wins!' shout ed witod spei-iainr*. although he
had only a slight lead ot Kabauomoku. That Aid not mat ter. The Manly FWlmmer was ahead.
One well known
enthusiast from -the vnl»|e' really vent mad. Me Fhniitr-1. iJaneed,
flung his anuu sbout. and se.ir-i] Ilki-lj to fall Into the
bih exoltetneal '?Come on, Tommy.' be yelled. Adrian was going a£ fast a» he possibly i-ould,
beran«:Kahanamoku ».b only a yard away.
The other tw-
c.tninien «cre forgotten. TOUi bad liven u? at the bair-dlsuncc. Adrian and
Duke were cIoeo
togrihir, and on they went at top paic tbo former maintained his lead until
with 60 yaids
to k«-. Then Duke mado a tremcudous itfort, and Ineb by Inch be galnod
on the leader. Thtf Euap^nbe waa awlul for the Manly cham pion's admirers. They saw bis
advantage grad ually disappearing, and lac ilnfeblng board
peared such a long way off. Kabanamoku waK poinp
great guns, and Adrian eouia noi go any fabter. A yard remained, and even
Tlallor looked like touching first, but It *a.s not to be, Adrian doing so Jutit a
fraction ahead of Ibo Hawaiian, with Thomas third. The announcement that Adrian was
the. win ner
was greeted with cheers of a dcafanlne i'ha ractor, and ae tbc cbsmpion was
assisted from tt4 water— be bad used up all bit} energy— there was another demonstration. lie
a good rare, and Duke admitted ufler wards that Adrian was a good
6Wlmmer. The time was 5raln Slisee, wbU'h was slow rom i pared with tb« world's record of
5mln ^3ticr, vMan-llEhcd by Bcaurepalrc, of Victoria, In
June, 1910. The «0 yards race sent the crowd
away In a good
humor. It had been disappointed ovibk to Barry and Cunha having failed to
gain vlnees Id their heals In the 110 yards Intcrclub
dlcap, n great race In tbe final between the pair having been expected. Cunha
distant-? In record time for Australia— linin 3 3-5sec— two-fifths of a second
swam on Saturday In the relay race, but he rould not give J.
ncxter iRaad wick and Coogee) fsec start, J. Lovelace
and J. Hulc (Manly), lOser. The three nn. lsbed In lhat order. G. Lyons
(Sydney), !Mt':. H. M. Hay (Manly), 3mc. and S. r. Ottoo (North Sydney), Ssee, were the
plaeegetleni In Barry's heat. The nnal went to Cotton, with Lyons second and Lovelace third, the
]mln 9scc. the race being a very so*' E. C. Finlay, holder of tbo
Australian tuic. had no difficulty In annexing the 330 yards breast stroke championship of
N.S.W., In re cord time ror the Slate, 3mln ITsec. Tbe pre vious beet was 3mln 17 :-Efcc,
though Flnlay'ii own Australian record Is 3mln lOser. H. I.. ntt (North Sydney) was second, and
K. A Ball
(North Sydney) third. In the third beat or the :» yards
handicap there wa» a splendid finish be tween A. J. Pool lY.M.C.A.) and A.
(IDaal Sydnerl. Th-y swam level for fully 30 yards, Foot Just getting his hand
on tl'o board
first at tbo flnlsb. Tho final uas won by 3. Eve and G. Snell (Moiman),
Idscc, with G. Doran and E. Robinson (Woolwich), ISnor. second, and A. J. Foot and E.
Cornish (V.M-C.A.) lOsm. third. Tbe time was 2mln 33
ladles' Invitation handicap of U0 yards resulted In a win lor Miss L.
Fevyer. llspc, ?with Miss B. Lovelace. Msec, and (Ml«s O.
S2aec, a dead heat for second place. Miss Fanny Durark competed, and though
she Hud to
concede big starts, she was not far behind the place-getters at the finish. There waa a good deal of dlvlng-a
little too much In fact. Besides a display hy HCarthy and his troupe, two competitions
were decided. H. Wann (Mosman) was declared the winner of that off the low springboard,
with R- Provan (Sydney) second, and R. Eve (Hosmaoi tilrc. Tbe verdict was hooted, the general
opinion fav oring Eve. The high sprlngbosrd competition went to L. MCarthy (SMneyl. O. Bell
roont) being nocond. and II. Provan third. F. Lough (Manlyl won the chase the glow
worm. Trove 1915 'GREAT
News (Sydney, NSW
: 1869 - 1931), 7 January, p. 3, viewed 5 January, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article114241650 Evening News Sydney, Thursday 7 January 1915,
WANT MORE RECORDS. PROCEEDS OF THE CARNIVALS.
Already Kahanamoku has
broken one world's record In Sydney, and Cunha, his
companion, has captured an Australian record, but they are not satisfied.
At the carnival to be beld on Saturday at the Domain Baths, Cunha
will at tempt
to lower the existing time for 60 yards, and on the form he is showing he
should be successful.
If he is, all the sprint records will belong to tht visitors.
Kahanamoku, while giving every praise to Adrian for his win in the
quarter-mile championship, has an idea he can lower
the world's record tor the distance.
He did not swim the Oral hair or the distance in th.
tluyds race on Wednesday nlgnt as laat as he was capaole ol doing, ano when he returns to Sydney
Brisbane h. will try to lower the record.
hoped that Longvorth will then be able to meet him In a race over the
Longworth is making good progress.
He is out
of bed, and says he feels well enough to swim on Saturday, but it will not be
known if he
will swim until to-morrow, when the doctor will give bis opinion.
The success of Adrian in the quarter-mile event is a tribute to a plucky
He has an awkward style, but he kept on plugging away, and has been
Tommyis the first Manly swimmer to secure a State championship.
The takings on Wednesday night's carnival amounted lo £160, a total ot £750
for the two fixtures.
It has been stated that Kahanamoku
recieve a big percentage of the receipts, but those who talk like that are making
At a fact, the visitors do not handle a single penny.
Their fares and expenses for board are being paid, but the
money is not touched br them.
The officials of the aasociation in the State where the Hawaiians
competing have the bill sent to them.
is not even allowed any pocket money.
Mr. W. W. Hill. hon. secrotary of the Australian Swimming Union, made the
clear this afternoon.
He said the American authorities in guaranteeing
Kahanamoku's amateur status, asked that the governing
should see that It was not affected.
we would do that.' added Mr. Hill, 'and we intend to keep our word.'
Alvin D. Keech nr.d Kelvin K. Keech. former Honolulu boys,
are visiting their old home after having made a success in
business in California. The Keech boys are conducting a music house in San
Francisco, which developed from a one-room salesroom to its
present proportions of a six-story Keech building, the
greater part of which is occupied by the offices and salesrooms
of the Keech enterprise. The Keech store carries all lines of music and musical
instruments, making a specialfy of the guaranteed Hawaiian-made
Hawaiian ukulele. The present trip Jo Honolulu is made for a combination of
business and pleasure, the renewal of old acquaintances being a
happy feature. The young men are making their home at the Hustace villa
and will return to San Francisco by the Matsonia. Chronicling
Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii)
1912-current, January 07, 1915, 3:30 Edition, Image 8
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa;
Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014682/1915-01-07/ed-2/seq-8Northern
Lismore. Saturday 9 January 1915, page 4.
SHOOTlNG THE SURF.
At Yamba on
New Year's Day Sam Waker, a member of the Life Saving Club
there, gave an interesting exhibition of shooting the
breakers on a redwood surf board 11 ft. long and 3 ft. wide. Getting well
out on the edge of the break, Walker mounted his board,
whistled "Tipperary" for a few seconds, and then found himself back
on the beach again. It was fine
to see him standing (sometimes on his head) on the board,
sailing in at a fast rate of speed. It is
remarkable to see him maintain his balance on the board, for
a person would have to be an athlete as well an being an
expert surfer. We can
safely say that in Sam we have a great rival of "Duke"
Kahanamoukua, who is at present creating such a sensation amoungst the
surfing fraternity of Sydney, remarks the "Advocate."
The Maui News. Wailuku, Maui, January 9, 1915, page 6.
Fighting Amusement Program.
fight is on in Honolulu on the matter of the proposed
amusement pier, application for a permit for which is now
before the Harbor Commissioners. Advocates
for the project claim that it will be an asset, while
opponents hold that It will mar the beauty of Waikiki and
interfere with bathing and surfing. .... Duke Breaks
Own Record. A cable
message from Sydney announces that Duke Kahanamoku had made
100 yards in the remarkable time of 0:53 4-5, or a full
second less than he made the distance in Honolulu last June. Cunha, who
is also participating in the Australian swimming meet, also
defeated Barry, the crack Australian swimmer, according to
Sunday Times Sydney, Sunday 10 January 1915,
KAHANAMOKU, SONGSTER SINGS
IN HAWAIIAN. LAST NIGHT'S RECEPTION
Paoa Kahanamoku can do two
He can swim and sing.
He swam- yesteraay atfernoon, and he sang last night
at the reception tendered him by the Swimming Association
There may doubts about his swimming being orthodox, but there are
none about his singing; neveitnciessi he
received a ucaten inu roar ot appltuse, Uucaiue ic was
his way at ivaponding tu the -toast ot his health. 'bing, Duitc, sing 1' roareti tne
gat,jKring v/hen the ausky Hawaiian rose 'to respond, aomc body pushed a \veird-loo/.ing native
instrument into tne Duke'a hand, and tne next moment ths swimming giant burst into song to
paniment ot the wierd-est- strains one ever lis tened to. It was something between
pitched notes ot a moiiqu'lo and the angry hum of a swarm of bees on the wing, but
it earned a
wonderful reception. Give us more !' yelled thf jatheving. This time the
Duke came down
to civilisation and sang 'By the Sea,' and n tew venturesome sports, helped
him along.. 1'ina.^y the Du;e thanked his entertainers
and s .t
it was Ge6rge CunhaV turn. ? He
greeted the eathering i 1 .Hawaiian, but cries of 'No sa/ree r rang- oi; -.'. Then he
? murmured suinc 11. 3re Hawaiian and. brought down the house by asking :.'D_- you. get me?'
uidn't, and he, too, re-jumed his seat.
The Port Macquarie News and
Hastings River Advocate Saturday 16 January 1915,
Surf Carnival. The
Port Macquarie Surf and
Life Saving Club. ? ? ?— Wl HOU) A — GRAND CARNIVAL , — OK —
Anniversary Day,, January 26th, PROGRAMME AS FOLLOWS :
1. Exhibition of Coogee Life-Saving Club, Methods of Release and RsM^Hland
2. Exhibition of Coome Club j^HSlif e-S»ving with Life-line, and Reeus^^HT
3. Alarm Reel Race, Port BgBKe v. Coogee.
4. Surf Raoe, ISOyds.,
aU-oiHs. Trophy, £1 Is. \
5. Surf Raoe, IGOyds., ^B-
Ohampionuhip.. Trophy, £1 Is. w 1 '
6. Shooting the Breakers,
7. 6wimmrag Rue, 100 yds., handicap, Trophy. I & Swimming Race, 60yda , Boys,
handicap. I Trophy. ' 1 9. Swinmring Rate, 50yds, Old
Buffers, handicap, I Trophy. 10. Tiupof-war, teams o( 6 men
Foot Raoe, 100yds., handioap. Trophies let and 2nd. la Obstacle Raoe, land and water. Trove 1915
Port Macquarie News and Hastings River Advocate (NSW : 1882 - 1950), 16 January, p. 5,
viewed 5 Jan, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119157577 The
Sun, Sydney. 24 January 1915 page 4.
STRUCK BY SURF BOARD. WOMAN'S
continual outcry against surf-boards, the danderous aids to
shooters are still being used, and one last night at Coogee
hit Mrs. Martha Green, aged 60, with such force that she is
now in Prince Alfred Hospital with her right leg broken in
who lives in Burren-street, Eskinville, was enjoying a dip
close in shore, about half-past 8, when a shooter, some distance out
with a board, caught a forceful breaker. In the dark
Mrs. Green could not see him coming in, and the man crashed
into her leg, board first. She was
knocked over and endevored to struggle to her feet, but
finding the task beyond her, cried for help. Two men
carried her to shore, and the Civil Ambulance rendered first
aid. She was then
taken to hospital.
Goulburn Evening Penny Post Saturday 23 January 1915, page 2.
a fine number, shows the country week tennis carnival, Kahanamoku winning the 220yds. championship, some military
views, and several other topical "bits" of interest, and
"Gaumont" contributions are, as usual, up to top notch.
Trove 1915 'EMPIRE
Evening Penny Post (NSW
: 1881 - 1940), 23 January, p. 2 Edition: EVENING, viewed 30 Dec,
2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article98848289 The
Sun, Sydney. 29 January 1915 page 2.
DANGEROUS SURF BOARDS. USERS TO
Alderman Railton drew the Manly Council's attention to the
dangers resulting from the careless use of surf boards at
South Steyne. He asked the
council to prohibit the surf boards altogrther on the beach,
as the people who used them would not keep outside the area of the
ordinary bathers, as instructed. Ultimately it
was resolved to issue instructions to the bathing inspectors
to enforce strictly the rule. Anyone,
therefore, using the boards in the vincinity of the surf
bathers will be prosecuted.
Melbourne, Tuesday 2 February 1915, page
Kahanamoku, the famous Hawaiian
arrive by the Sydney express on Friday, February 12.
He will be met at the station by the committee of the Melbourne Swimming Club,
subsequently entertained at luncheon.
Kahanamoku will be G. Cunha, his swimming companion, who will compete in the
Kahanamoku will make his first appearance in Melbourne on the following Saturday,
will compete in the 100 yards championship of Victoria and other races.
Interest will he lent to the
íncctfmr by the annennmec of the New South Wales champions, A. W. lïuro*. T.
Adrian, and Harold
Hardwick, and other New South Wales swimmers.
Kahanamoku will attack his KW-yimln world's record, made in Sydney on January 2,
City llaths, Swanston street, on Monday, February 16.
Sydney Morning Herald Wednesday 3rd February 1915, page 7.
PAGE FOR WOMEN HOME AFFAIRS. THE SURF
AND THE SUN.
weather of last week had its dire effects on surfers,
especially on the younger members of Neptune's adopted
family, who come down annually from the country to pay their
visit to his watery realms. Father
Neptune and Father Sol had a merry time of it, and together
they basted and grilled many a poor back to torture point. Sunburn has
been causing real suffering in the ranks of surfers. Doctors have
been called on to proscribe for bad cases, and the only
alleviation of the pain is found in the fact that the doctor
sometimes prescribes no school until the burn is off - and
school began last week! So a few
more holidays are added to the already generous that, and
the envy felt of "Grammar" and'"High" scholars, whose term
began with the current month, is lessened along with the
fiery pain of the sunburn, which just now is making many
is responsible for most of this excessively painful effect. Some wise
folk rather frown upon the basking, and declare that our
youth, if they keep on at it, will develop into the
bone-laziness of the Italian larzaroni, who literally bask
in the sun as long as he is in the sky. It cannot be
denied that too much of the basking enervates the surfer,
and seems to cause an evaporation of all the invigoration of
the surf. But, of
course, a short spell and then a plunge back again into the
briny curlers will never cease to charm, and, as long as the
golden rule of moderation is observed, it may be used to add
to the gloriously healthful result from the surfing.
I may note that surfing is more popular than ever. Every season
sees an increase in the numbers of the family, alluded to
above, and this year promises to show the same rate of
progress. A proof of
the benefit which all derive from surfing is shown in the
number of middle-aged, and even elderly ladies who go in for
it in zest. Most readers
were struck with this on seeing the account of a painful
surfing-board accident recently, when the age of the victim
was given as 60. But this
poor lady- whose leg was broken by a surf-board which a
young man was using- is only one of many of that age, or
thereabouts who take thelr daily plunge, and would miss it
sorely if thelr annual month at Manly, or Coogee, or Bondi
did not include that joy. The effect
is seen in the bright eye, alert glance, and happy
expression of the bather. "It does
brighten one up wonderfully" is the general verdict, and the
popularity of the sport increases.
usually trying to acquire a lovely blown, and to help
forward this desirable end they use cocoanut oil, which is
about the best thing to employ to prevent painful sunburn. But the oil
should be applied first thing in the morning and last thing
at night. After the
burn has become acute oil is useless. The best
remedy is hot water and boracic when the blisters break,
which they should be encouraged to do, but not pricked. The water
should be as hot as it can be endured, and no clothing,
except a thin shirt or blouse, should be allowed to touch
the skin; legs and arms are better left bare, and it is
usually here that is found the painful part. Some cases
are so bad that patients must remain in bed, there being a
certain danger of blood-poisoning. For ordinary
tan and freckles, there are so many excellent face-creams
and ointments now on sale at the chemist's that any special
recipes of the old-fashioned, home-made type are not worth
the trouble of making up. A cream that
is non-greasy should be chosen.
have evidently to be reckoned with nowadays, for nearly
every small boy now rejoices on one. Those most
in use aré very small, some looking suspiciously like the
kitchen chopping-board, which, no doubt will be found
missing next time it is required in a hurry. These small
affairs really are only very slightly dangerous, being quite
unlike the huge board made popular by the Hawaiian Duke. - MARTHA.
Sydney, Saturday 6 February 1915, page 7.
KAHANAMOKU AT DEEWHY
. The Dee-why Surf Club held its second
carnival this afternoon in dull and pleasant weather.
There were about two spectators.
The chief attraction was a display on a surfboard by
Duke Kahanomoku, who performed all kinds of acrobatic feats on the board.
afterwards carried a lady passenger.
it was aniInteresting exhibition.
attractive feature was a hiunorout rro ctsslon, and 'Rickey's Hobos'
provided a lot ot
The march-past of the different surf clubs was a fine sight.
ORAKD PAiRADE OF OLTJBS.-Dee-Whr. 1: North Sterne, t
THRBB-LBOOED HACE.— Nonh Steynn (H. and r. NlehoUa), 1; Collaroy (N. Blaken and J. Bit), t. WWle the OanedlBS Highlanders wear
an «e tit, trcw, aad tarty as our own Hltnlaaosn, Mr IsOMaCt. It ntneh.
reeepUen the* 'wlll h»re tow the Chan »»!. thaw lhtat ponfiaWoitlcM ot
915 'SURF CARNIVAL.', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 -
1931), 6 February, p. 7, viewed 15 August, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115826398
Monday 8 February 1915, page 5.
A FINE DISPLAY.
great attraction at the Deewhy carnival on Saturday was Duke
went down to show the natives how to ride the surf board. Kahanamoku
went out on
it about a distance of half a mile.
he caught the breaker, and electrified the spectators by kneeling,
standing, and upending himself on the board, finishing up by dive somersault when the breaker
On one occasion he disappeared.
kept up these stunts for an hour and gave a great display.
For part of the time, he was accompanied by Miss Letham, of Freshwater, an
one occassion both swimmers stood riding the board for about two hundred yards. -
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu February 12, 1915, page 12.
HAWAII FACTS TO BE PRINTED IN MAGAZINE
The work of
the Mid-Pacific Magazine is getting recognition from
magazine men and boosters of the mainland. The
following letter from Franklin Adams, editor of the Pan
American Bulletin, shows the cooperation that the
Mid-Pacific Magazine and the "Hands-Around-thePacific"
movement are securing in influential quarters.
Ford; "I have been
thinking that It would be a very good plan for us to
publish, from month to month, under "Miscelanea," in the
Spanish, Portuguese and French editions of the Bulletin, a
little story dealing with some one of the countries on the
other side of the Pacific.
We aim to make this miscellaneous material of real interest
to our readers and as you possess some of the most
attractive pictures that have ever been produced I am
putting the matter, right up, to you. We would
like to have each month ssy, three or at the outside- four
pictures, some of the most, unusal one, to run with a small
amount of text. I have in
mind the surf-riding- pictures at Honolulu; then probably
some New Zealand pictures; then on around the circuit. We would
give due credit to the Mid-Pacific Magazine for their use
and see that they were returned just as soon as they left
the presses; agreeing, also, to keep them in good condition. Does the
proposition appeal to you?" ...
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, February 16, 1915, page 9.
NEW BUILDINGS AT OUTRIGGER READY IN A WEEK
directors of the Outrigger Canoe club met at dinner last
night on the grounds at Waikiki to outline the work for the
week it is expected that all of the new buildings on the
recently acquired property will be completed when there will
be room enough for more than 600 members in the men's
department. It was
decided last night that the new lanai overlooking the sea
should be turned into a smoking room, so that now the women
have their own exclusive lanai near the lagoon, while
the big hau tree lanai in the center of the grounds is
the common meeting place for both men and women
decided to enter canoes in the Carnfval water events.
meeting was devoted almost entirely to the proposed work of
the new house committee a speial meeting will be
called before long to take up active plans for
canoeing and surfing during the coming year.
sterilizing plant is to be placed on the grounds so that
every towel and bathing suit as it is washed, will be
commissary and kitchen will be housed in one building, which
closely adjoins the servants' quarters.
The Riverine Grazier
Hay, NSW, 16 February, page 2.
The Australian ' Gazette,' which includes Duke Kahanamoku
winning the 100yds. swimming championship, will also be shown, while another special item
'Wireless from the War.' Trove 1915 'THE "GRAZIER'S"
COUNTRY EDITION.', The
Riverine Grazier (Hay,
NSW : 1873 - 1954), 16 February, p. 2, viewed 30 Dec, 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article141105129 Referee Sydney, Wednesday17 February 1915,
The Duke and His
'We have had a fine time in Australia,' said Duke Kahanamoku, before leaving Sydney for
Melbourne, 'though I may
say that the programme
has been almost too severe a tax upon us.
I do not say this in complaining spirit, but to point out that we did not expect
this tour of pleasure
to be marked by such hard work.'
Nevertheless the Duke
did not look as if he
had wasted away, but frankly admitted that in the matter of weight he was all there.
'To judge by the
programme I have seen,
the task will be harder in New Zealand, where so much travelling will have to be done,'
continued the Hawaiian.
'I hope they
will be able to make
it a little less severe upon us over there'.
Yes, I know the
climate in New Zealand
is not so hot; but I do not mind the climate.'
The Duke looked very
fit as he left for Melbourne.
He had just returned
from the surf at Bondi,
after some hard battles with the rough breakers, which, he explained, were
vastly different from
those of his beloved Honolulu, which roll in with a long, steady,
The Duke likes the
surf play here; though
it is different from cavorting on the waves at Honolulu.
The Duke and his
companions will take away with them souvenirs of their visit in the
shape of albums,
containing photographs of scenes and races in which they have figured.
These will include the principal photographs
which have appeared in
He also takes all copies of this paper dealing with
his visit to Australia,
a fact which shows that the visit will rank as no mere passing hour in
the life of the
world's champion sprinter.
The Hawaiians will return to Sydney to-morrow,
and leave for New Zealand
Sydney Morning Herald Wednesday 24 February 1915, page 12.
DROWNED AT MANLY.
Saturday Neil Peter Nielson, 27, was drowned near North
Steyne, Manly, through being caught in the undertow. At an
inquiry held on Tuesday by the City Coroner, Alfred Ferns,
10, stated that he and Nielsen were bathing together. The former
was carried out about 200 yards, and the boy says that he
went out and tired to save him. Messrs.
Claude West and Williams went out with a line, and brought
the man and the boy in. The boy was
all right, but Nielson did not recover consciousness. A verdict of
accidental death was returned. At the
request of the relations of the deceased, further evidence
as to the accident will be taken on Thursday.
Sydney, Tuesday 23 February 1915, page 3.
A CRIPPLE AND A BOY GAVE EACH OTHER HELP. DROWNING
CASE AT MANLY.
unusual story was told to the City Coroner (Mr. Hawkins) this morning, when he
inquiry into the death of Niel Peter Nielsen, 27, a single man.
Ferns, a 10-year-old schoolboy, who lives at Queenscliffe, Manly, said
that on Friday afternoon he was in the water at North Steyne, when a wave knocked him over,
carried him out.
He called for help, and Nielsen assisted him out of the water.
they sat on the sand out of the water for about five minutes.
Nielsen went into the surf again, and called out.
Witness went to the spot, and saw him an the bottom in about four feet of water.
Bubbles were coming up, and witness held Nielsen's head up
to let go, because he had hurt his wrist.
Witness then tried to hold him up by the costume.
The life-savers afterwards came out, and both were brought ashore.
At the time they were 200 yards out, and the breakers
fairly big. Claude Leslie West, a clerk residing at 22 Australia-street, Manly, stated
that when he heard someone was in trouble in the water he ran along the beach with the reel,
and a man named
Williams took the belt out, witness going out as support.
A little boy and man were in the water, the former appearing
to be on top
of the water, and the man under it.
grabbed the boy just as be was going under, and the man came to the top.
just going under again, when witness got hold of him.
The suction of a wave carried witness and Nielsen ashore.
Efforts were made to revive Nielsen without
400 yards away from the ordinary swimming place where the accident
happened, and there were notices warning people not to
The water was over witness' head where Nielsen was recovered.
Rita Gladys Nielsen, deceased sister-in-law, gave evidence that he was lame, and
a very strong swimmer.
It was stated that a man named Collins had seen Nielsen and the boy struggling
in the water
for ten minutes before assistance was rendered, and the Coroner adjourned
until Thursday, in order that Collins could be called as a witness.
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, March 2, 1915, page 9.
CATCHER HENRY BOOSTS BASEBALL AS PLAYED IN
the Washington catcher who was here with the All-Americans
last December, took more than an average interest in local
baseball conditions and when he returned to the
mainland he was in a position to write and tell a lot about
the game inHawaii. The
following notes on Island baseball appear in Boston Herald
of recent date:
Washington Baseball Club
... Islanders Great Hosts May I say a
few words here to give an Idea of the appreciative way in
which the people of Honolulu enter tained us during our
all-to-short; two weeks there. ... The native
Hawaiian men took nearly all our party out surf riding in
outrigger canoes and some of the party tried the surf-board
riding by the help of the natives. This was a
fine afternoon's sport after which we sat down to the native
feast consisting of pigs roasted in the ground Hawaiian style,
sweet potatoes and poi, the native food, with many other
The usual monthly meeting of the above was held on Wednesday last, when the following were present:-. Messrs. :W. F: Cocks, (presiding),
kinson, G. Tory, M,. R. Ryan, .W,. Farqulhalon and P. Walker. Owing,, to his doparture from the. districti Mr. J. H. Saunders's
as committeeman was received with regret, and on the motion of Messrs. Walker and Tory, it was decided to recognise in some way, the valuable assistance he had rendered the cllub.
The beach inspectors reported on the constant use of surfboards
certain bathers notwithstanding being warned on several occasions to the contrary. It was
decided after discussion; that if the practice is persisted in, the inspectors report the offenders to the Municipal Council.
Trove 1915 'KIAMA SURF CLUB.', The Kiama Independent, and
Shoalhaven Advertiser (NSW : 1863 - 1947), 10 March, p. 2,
viewed 15 August, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102406948The
Kiama Independent, and Shoalhaven Advertiser
Saturday 13 March 1915, page 3.
The war special included in to-night's progamme at the pictures is
the British and French in Flanders."
The feature film, "A man 'for a that," is described as one of infinite charms, with a very human
story in it.
A good list of comic and comedy items will also be screened.
Next Tuesday, "Dolly of the Dailies," festuring Miss MaryFuller, will be commenced, tIhe first two parts
that night, the 3rd on the 23rd March, the 4th on Saturday, April rd, and the remaining eight, on each Saturday night.
This serial, we are informed is extra to the usual programme, and will not take the place of the Star Picture.
In, the programme will be included another exceptionally interesting Australian Gazette, amongst other things showing champion motor boat races in Melbourne, Miss Fanny Durack, the Australian Lady swimmner, lowering a world's
record, the surf carnival at Dee Why, (Sydney), and Kahanamoku giving an exhibition on the surfboard.
picture is entitled, "The Masqueraders," and there will also be another Vitagraph, (A Lucky Elopement) and
screaming Keystone Comedy, (His Talented Wife.)
Trove 1915 'THE PICTURES.', The Kiama Independent, and
Shoalhaven Advertiser (NSW : 1863 - 1947), 13 March, p. 3,
viewed 15 August, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102406408Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, March 13, 1915, page 14.
Tales Out of School FROM PEGGY
March 8. ... I must tell
you, Polly, of two little girls who interest me greatly, as I
really believe that they are the coming, champions in swimming
and anything aquatic. The other
mermaids are already keeping shy of the beach when Sue Alston
MacDonald and Esther Hall are there, for there is not a thing they
will not attempt - They swim the crawl stroke, do all sorts of
diving and stand on the surf board. It is a
pleasure to watch them.
of diving reminds me there is a young Punahou Academy
girl who is quite the rage in diving, in fact she often
attracts an admiring audience when she is doing some of her
graceful stunts on the stand before the Outrigger Canoe
Club. A fraction
of this audience practises the dives early every morning so
that he may perform in her presence in the afternoon. She dives
better than a great many of the men. If there is
any interscholastic competition this year such as there was
last year the girl will carry off the honors.
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, March 15, 1915, page 6.
WERRIBEE IS HERE FLYING THE FLAG OF AUSTRALIA
freighter to call at Honolulu in more than a year flying the
five-starred pennant of the Australian commonwealth came
into the harbor when the steamer Werribee was brought
to the Inter-Island Steam Navigation buskers to discharge
4177 ton of coal.
Thompson last visited the islands ten years ago. Today he
found a totally different city. He was much
impressed at the facilities offered at the port for the
speedy handling of coal front ship to shore. He brought
news that Duke Kahanamoku sweeping everything before him in
the series of swimming contests in the Australian cities. The Werribee
is owned at Melbourne. It steamed
from Newcastle, N. S. W., Febuary, 20, taking 23 days to
complete the voyage.
Launceston. Tasmania, Tuesday 16 March 1915, page 6.
are maintaining their reputation for high-class programmes. At the
Princess Theatre the new bill presented last evening
embraces some very fine subjects. The feature
of them is the Spencer exclusive art film, "The Children of
Captain Grant," adapted from Jules Verne's great story. It is 5000
feet in length, and is shown in seven parts. The story
deals with an expedition which has associated with it many
adventures, earthquakes, escapes from death, the taking of a
child into the air by a condor, and other sensational
events. It is a
highly interesting production. "The Unknown
Country" is another drama of much merit. It featured
happenings of an entertaining and thrilling character. A war
topical subject which is more than usually attractive is
"With the Belgians in Action," while the picture "Bully Boy"
depicts the No. 4 series of war cartoons which have been
cleverly executed. The only
humorous feature is "Biff! Bangl Wallop!" an amusing item. The
"Australian Gazette" embraces the following topical
subjects:- Sydney- Delfosse Badgery, the Australian aviator,
does some most sensational flying at Victoria Park,
including bomb-dropping. Melbourne- The state championship
carnival; Duke Kahanamoku gives exhibitions on the surf
board; and cartoons by Harry Julius, which form an
entertainment by themselves. The new
programme will be repeated this evening, and finally to
Sydney Morning Herald Wednesday 17 March 1915, page 8.
SWIMMING. KAHANAMOKU'S RECORDS.
Saturday at the Freshwater Club's Carnival the club won Mr.
Arthur Griffith's trophy for the 1000 yards surf relay race. This was the
second consecutive win. The race was
won fairly easily, and as all the members are young, the
prospect for future years seem very bright. Manly also
gathered the senior and novice alarm reel races. The display
given by T. Walker on a "Duke" surf board was very good
indeed. The canoe
and surf boat competitions provided some good exhibitions.
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu March 22, 1915, page 3.
YOUTH OF HAWAII WRITES ARTICLES ON ITS
management of the Mid-Pacific Magazine announces that from
now on this interesting journal will go in actively, for
home promotion work. Following
out this policy the best three articles in the April number
are by youths of Hawaii between 14 and 17 years of age.
Mid-Pacific Magazine is seeking to train the young men of
Hawaii to write about Hawaii. The leading
article is by Lorrin P. Thurston, on the subject of surfboard
riding in Hawaii. Young Thurston
is atm at Punahou Academy, yet, Jack London, who is an
authority says this is the best article that has yet been written,
on-surf-rlding. It took A. H.
Ford, the editor of the Mid-Pacific Magazine, some months , to
persuade young Thurston to write what he knew about
surf-riding, but so excellent was the result that during his
Christmas holidays he was given a position on one of the daily
papers. The article
itself, now in print for the first time, is illustrated with,
both, halftones and color cuts of surfboard riding at Waikiki. ... The most
interesting page in the magazine, for April, however, is that
on which is announced the fact that with the next number of
the magazine will begin the publication of the "Log of the
Snark," appearing in print, for the first time. This will be
continued from month to month, as will be a series of
Hawaiian-South Sea, articles from the pen of Jack London.
BIGGEST SURF CARNIVAL IN HISTORY OF THE SPORT OVER 400 MEMBERS TO
SPECTACULAR DISPLAY AT BONDI THIS AFTERNOON. FIVE CHAMPIONSHIPS By CECIL HEALY.
'You are a well-browned healthy-looldnx Io»
of fellows. You appear to have been enjoying yourselves. But what brings you to this un frequented spot ? Why don't you bathe nearer
home ? ' 'For the simple reason we would be
'run ioT if we were caught in the act. The
law pro hibits bathing on the ocean
beaches after Z o'clock.'
The conversation above related took place at Freshwater about 14 years ago, before that lo
cality bore signs of human habitation, and
when to enter the breakers in broad daylight
was a punishable offence. Frank Bell, of
Manly, who happened to bo one of the
persons addressed, informs me that
he and a few friends had just been flagrantly; flouting the law in this manner when they wero accosted by a stranger. The explanation tend
ered as to why it wa3 necessary to hide from
the vigilance of the guardians of public mora
lity at once aroused the indignation of their interlocutor. He immediately
proceeded to denounce tho
short-sightedness of the restriction that pre
vented people indulging at any hour of the day
in a recreation whose beneficial eflects wcrr so obvious. Then, as if an inspiration had sud
denly possessed him, he pictured the good that
would inevitably accrue, if the public, particu
larly that section represented by the pcrrpir
ing occupants of the city, were educated up to
an adequate appreciation of their glorious heri
tage, and an agitation were successful in caus
ing the removal of the obstacles that barred
the full enjoyment of the natural advantages. CO-OPERATION OF THE PRESS.
Bell, together -vich a small coterie of village enthusiasts, had, for some time prior to the
aate referred to. been in the habit of migrating
at every opportunity to Freshwater, which was regarded as an cut-of-the-way pine? in those days, so that they might pursue their lawless practices with little icar ot detection. Shortly
alter the incident mentioned occurred. Bell re
counts that an article appeared in a district pub lication, designated the 'North Sydney News,'
from the pen of the proprietor, Mr. W. H. Gotcher, pointing out that our sandy ocean stretches constituted a priceless asset, and ad vocating their utilisation for the purpose of-
all- day surf bathing. In this way was revealed
the identity of the individual who had dis
turbed the surfers at their favorite haunt.
The suggestion was so far in advance of cur
rent ideas that the proposal was regarded as preposterous, but succeeding issues of the same
paper, however, contained more glowing refer
ences to the subject. By degrees, converts
were obtained, and the ground prepared for
the final assault on the barriers of narrow conservatism that strenuously opposed the granting of the privilege. With the assistance
of Mr. Frank Donovan and other men of %igorous speech and action, the ineffectiveness
of the restrictive regulations was demonstrated
by open defiance, Gotcher incurring the risk of imprisonment in the maintenance of what he claimed to be the just rights of the people.
Manly being the scene ot the historic hap penings. As soon a? the freedom of
the surf was pro claimed, Gotcher's ;:icd
ctions were fulfilled to the letter, and
the por-ularity of surf bathing spread with the
rapidity of a prairie fire, villages
subsequently springing up like mushrooms along
the coast wherever facilities for its practise
where obtainable. And yet the Manly L.S. Club
is the only one that has, so far, paid
Gotcher a tribute for the part he
played, by electing him a vice-president. Such
is gratitude. ...
The display board riding on the 'Duke' boards given by Tommy Walker and Co. considerably surprised the surfers, particularly the visitors.
Walker succeeded in getting
upright a number of' times, and on one occasion came in a good way standing on his head. The exhibition was thought so much of that the exponents have been requested to repeat the performance at Bondi this afternoon. Trove 1915 'BIGGEST SURF CARNIVAL IN HISTORY OF THE SPORT.', Saturday
Referee and the Arrow (Sydney, NSW : 1912 - 1916), 20
March, p. 1, viewed 6 April, 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117553039
Sydney Morning Herald Wednesday 24 March 1915, page 8.
SWIMMING. MANLY CLUB'S SUCCESS. SURF AND OTHER CARNIVALS.
than six carnivals were held during the week, and as in the
majority of instances the weather was not suitable, a test
was placed on tbe enthusiasm of the followers, with
satisfactory results. Particularly
was this tbe case at the Surf Bathing Association's gala at
Bondi Beach last Saturday, when, besides the cold, the
spectators and performers suffered much discomfort by the
sand being carried by the southerly into their faces. However, a
large crowd remained in attendance until the end of what was
a far too lengthy progrnmme. But for
forfeits in some of the events and a cancellation, the
sports would not have concluded until too late. The contests
proved most interesting, and if a third ot the items had
been eliminated the whole function would have been more
enjoyable. Several of
tbe beltmen and swimmers were quick to see the effect of the
current sweeping from north to south, and make good use of
it, but others made poor attempts. The pennant
teams were the exception, and a close contest between Bondi,
Cook's Hill, and Coogee showed all the men alive to the
advantages and disadvantages in the weather. Bondi were
just a little ahead of Cook's Hill in their water work,
while the resuscitation was very even. The
introduction of a surf board exhibition during the latter
competition was a good move, and brought out three very fine
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu March 31, 1915, page 2.
IAUKEA SUCCEEDS KAHANAMOKU AS POLICE CAPTAIN Sergeant Promoted to Job Vacated By Officer to
Escape Facing Charges
H. laukea, for years identified with the police department,
who has won promotion from roundsman and clerk to
first-class sergeant, will tomorrow morning don the star of
captain of police, taking over the position vacated by the
resignation of Captain Duke Kahanamoku. ... The
sherriffi this morning received and immediately accepted tne
resignation of captain Kahanamoku as a police officer.
was charged with conduct unbecoming an officer and
charges had reached a stage where the officer volunteered
his resignation rather than face a civil
service hearing of a series of allegations filed with the
Kahanamoku asked to be relieved from firther duty," said
Sheriff Rose today. "About all I
have to say is that I have accepted his resignation As far as I
known, any charges that may have been filed against the
officer in the department has been dropped.
Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, April 3, 1915, page 21.
HAWAII BUILDING CHARMS FOR EXPOSITION VISITORS Typical Island Scenes Shown; Singing Boys
Dispense Music to Large Crowds Daily BY
FRANCISO, March 26. ...
Surf-riders in Statuary.
at the opposite side of the aquarium, one pauses to rest on
a seat at the base of a wonderfully beautiful group of
surf-riders by Mr. Gordon Osborne. This group,
done in brown clay, represents three figures gracefully
balanced and poised on surf-boards, their hair blown by thewind,
their arms charmingly out stretched, a happy radiance to
their faces. Two children
have fallen into the billowy sea and their happy faces smile
upward toward the riders more fortunate than they. This is a
group of which Hawaii may well be proud.
HAWAII"S SPEED SWIMMERS HOME FROM AUSTRALIA Kahanamoku and Cunha Praise Sportsmanship and
Methods of Southern Clubs.
Kahanamoku and George Cunha, Hawaii's speediest sprint
swimmers, and Francis Evans, were returning passengers from
Australia in the steamer Niagara yesterday. Kahanamcku
and Cunha went against the best men in the Southland with
uniform success, while Evans acted as manager of the trip,
and looked after the business end. The trio
left here November 30, being absent from Hawaii a few days
over four months, during which time they visited all the
large cities of Australia and New Zealand, and had an
exceptional opportunity to get in close touch with
Duke has nothing but praise for the treatment received in
Australia, though on a number of occasions he was
handicapped so heavily that he had no chance to win his
events. However the
big Hawaiian says that was due to the belief on the part of
the handicappers that he was consistently many seconds
better than most of their own men. "Their
handicapping system is a fine thing for the younger swimmers
and ought to be worked up in Hawaii," said Duke, today. "It gives
the new fellows a chance and makes the old fellows swim
their best to win."
Campaign a Hard One.
the campaign a hard one physically and comes back five
pounds under his usual swimming weight. Traveling a
good deal, kept up night after night by the evening swimming
tournaments which are the usual thing in Australia, and with
constant changes of food and water, he felt the strain of
competition to an unusual extent.
said George Cunha this morning, when asked about the trip. "We had such
a good time that I don't know where to begin to talk about
it We did a lot
of swimming, and as for seeing the country and meeting the
people, why we had so many invitations that we had to refuse
a lot of them. It has been
a trip that we'l never forget and never regret."
established a new world's record for the 100-yard swim. of
53 4-5 seconds; Cunha made an Australasian record of 63 3-5
sees, for the 100 meters. Duke is
credited by the newspapers also with a new world's record
for 50 yards, of 22 3-5 seconds, made at Auckland, N. Z., in
a handicap race March 13, but whether this will stand is
doubtful. There seems
to have been a mix-up in the timing, and whether the
announced time will be declared official or not is a matter
of conjecture. The race was
won by Cunha in 25 seconds flat, he having a handicap of 3
seconds over Duke, who was scratch. Most of the
watches caught Duke at 24 flat.
Difference in Stroke.
to the returned swimmers, great interest was shown in the
events in which the Hawaiian speed merchants took part. The first
night at the Domain baths, in Sydney, the paid admissions
were about $3250, which was high mark for the trip. "There is a
decided difference between the stroke we use here and the
Australian crawl," said Cunha, in reply to a query as to
relative swimming styles, "Down there they time their kick
with their arm movement instead of making the two
that our stroke is the harder, and, we found it the other
way around.: l guess it's just a matter of what you're used
to. Some of the
kids down there have already picked up the Hawaiian stroke
and seem to be doing well at it".
be impossible to give visitors better treatment than we
received," said Evans. "They are
the squarest sportsmen in the world, Australians and New
Zealanders, and we haven't a single unpleasant criticism to
make. It's too bad
that Duke and Longworth couldn't hook up for the 220 and
440, but Longworth was sick when they were supposed to have
come together, and we traveled around so much that we
couldn't make connections afterwards. In the
first meeting Duke won the hundred easily, Longworth
being fourth. Longworth
then went into the half mile, and after that he was taken
sick, and couldn't get into the 220. He was as
anxious as anyone to meet Duke, but the doctors wouldn't
hear of his competing.
hospitality," continued Evans. "We must
have traveled 20,000 miles, and the only distance we did
under our own motive power was in the water. It was
automobiles, trains, steamers and launches all the time. No
chance to walk at all."
was a big hit in allparts of the southern continent. At first
Australians inclined to the belief that pictures of
Hawaiians standing up on a board were "doctored" and it took
a few demonstrations by the local bovs to convince them. Then they
went wild over the sport.
to the local men, Australian swimming authorities are most
anxious to have a Hawaiian team of five or six men go down
for a series of meetings next year. Team matches
and relay races are favorite events in Kangarooland, and in
the opinion of the Hawaiian trio a team from here could more
than hold its own with anything that could be put against it
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, April 8, 1915, page 9.
THE TRIO WHO GAVE AUSTRALIANS A WHIRL
right, the men in the picture are Francis Evans (manager),
Duke Kahanamoku and George Cunha. This trio,
which has just returned from a grand swimming tour of Austra
lia and New Zealand, has nothing but praise for the southern
returning as boosters, they bring back some excellent ideas
for putting swimming here on a substantial and well
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, April 8, 1915, page 7.
UNITY OF PACIFIC TO BE DISCUSSED AT BEACH
every country of the Pacific will be represented this
afternoon at Waikiki when Jack London and Fletcher S. .
Brockman will be the guests of Alexander Hume Ford and the
Mid-Pacific Magazine in the big canoes of the Outrigger
Club. To meet them
has been invited one long time residents of each Pacific
land and after the surf-riding is over, about twenty of
these will meet together in the new lanai of the Outrigger
Club and over their poi-bowls discuss with Mr. Brockman
concrete plans for firmly establishing Honolulu as a
publicity and commercial clearing house for the whole
This work is
beiig undertaken around the Pacific and Hawaii by the
Hands-Around-the-Paciflc movement, and concrete ideas will be
gathered tonight from the following participants in the
movement, who were either born or have lived for a number of
years in the countries for which they are asked to speak: Harry L.
Otrango, Alaska; Clinton G. Ballentyne, Canada; Riley H.
Allen, Washington State and the Pacific Northwest: G. H.
Tuttle, California; W. D. Westervelt, Mexico; Thos. P.
Sedgwick, Peru and South America; L. A. Thurston, Hawaii; A. U
C. Atkinson, Russian Asia; Dr. Doremus Scudder, Japan; J. W.
Wadman, Korea; Lorrin Andrews, Shanghai and China; W. H.
Babbitt, the Philippines; Algeron Halls, Australia; C. F.
Maxwell, New Zealand; H. A. Kearns, Fiji and the South Seas.
Honolulu president of the Hands-Around-the-Paciflc Club,
ex-Governor Walter F. Frear, is physically able to be present,
will preside at the meeting. This will be
the first of a series of Pan-American gatherings which the
Mid-Pacific Magazine is promoting to further the interests of
Hawaii as a clearing house of Pacific effort.
Cruz Evening News Volume 15, Number 117, 9 April 1915,
Becker Beats Fast Rival In Mid-Pacific Race
Miss Dorothy Becker riding a surf
board at Honolulu, a feat rarely accomplished by any
except the native Kanakas.
HONOLULU, Hawaii, April 9.
Although the race was admittedly unsatisfactory to its
contestants, the fifty-yard swimming dash for the
fastest woman sprinters of the Pacific was won here,
during the Mid-Pacific carnival by Dorothy Becker of San
Francisco in 35 1-5 seconds.
Ruth Stacker, an Hawaiian, and Miss Decker's keenest
rival, finished second.
The slow time and a subsequent controversy between
partisans of the two swimmers resulted from the
inadvertent crossing of Miss Stacker from her own
swimming lane to that of Miss Becker's, so that both
became confused, stopping at the forty yard line.
Shouts from bystanders spurred them on again, and the
Becker girl finished a few feet in advance, fighting for
Timers declared afterward that but for the stop at the forty-yard line, Miss
Becker would probably have finished in 29 or 30 or
seconds, a decided record.
In view of the circumstances, both swimmers want to race
again, since neither feels that her abilities wore fully
Two other Honoluluans, Miss Lucille Legros and Benitta
Lane, contested, finishing third and fourth
Miss Becker came here particularly to try her
speed against Miss Stacker.
Kahanamoku. the great swimmer, and Hackenscnmidt, the
Russian wrestler, both claim that a great deal of their
physical perfection is due to sleeping on hard boards with
but scant covering. At that rate
a lot of our gobs who can sleep soundly on the declr almost
any time, with a pair of shoes in a ditty box for a pillow,
ought to make good athletes.
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, April 10, 1915, page 9.
DUKE IN AUSTRALIA NOT BREAKING
picture of Duke Kahanamoku, taken in the Domain Baths,
Sydney, where he established a new world's record for the
100 yards. Needless to
say, Duke didn't break any records with the craft in which
the camera caught him. Kahanamoku,
Cunha and Evans are still talking of their trip to the
antipodes, and telling their friends what royal sportsmen
the Australians are. The two
crack swimmers are taking a lay-off just now, but before
long they will beg.in to think of the swimming events at the
Exposition, to which Hawaii is expected to send a team.
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, April 12, 1915, pages 3 and 12.
URICE: I don't mind doing promotion work, but I object to
getting sunburned teaching surf-riding to tourists. ... - DUKE
KAHANAMOKU: There certainly are some pretty Maori maids over
in Australia; and lots or them have money to burn, but I
didn't pick one out because I was afraid she'd make me stay
in that country. Australia is
a fine land and its people are mighty nice, but I'll never
make my home anywhere but here.
1915 LEGISLATURESVISIT TO MOLOKAI MAY BE LAST
OF THE JUNKETS
House and Senate Leaders Coming to Conclusion
Only Health Committee of Two Branches Should Make Biennial Trip to Leper Settlement -
Governor, Mayor, Berger's Band, Duke Kahanamoku, Jr., and Many Special" Visitors on Week-end - Visit
Petitions and Complaints Given Full Hearing
by Governor Pinkham, Mayor Lane, the Royal Hawaiian band and
Duke Kahanamoku. the members of the legislature paid their
usual biennial visit to the leper settlement on Molokai last
Saturday, making the journey in the specially chartered,
vessel Mauna Loa. Contrary to
custom the visit this time was not made on Sunday, the
legislature adjourning Friday afternoon until this morning.
Of the more
than 100 persons in the junketing party not more than 25
were actual members of the lawmaking body- about 20 members
of the house and five senators. ... The Mauna
Loa left Honololu at midnight arriving off Kalannapa at
daylight the next morning. Because of
the high surf no landing could be made in the small boats
and after 8 o'clock even then the task of getting ashore was
a somewhat risky undertaking, carrying a degree of danger
that thrilled the adventurers. But all save
Representative Crocket took the chance and reached land
without untoward incident. Crockett
frankly declared the thing did not look good to him, and he
remained aboard tbe Manna Loa, not setting foot on the
Trip to Brother Dutton's Home.
majbrity of the legislators witn the committee clerks and
officials and special guests at once started on Ihe jaunt
across the narrow peninsula on horseback and in the one
carryall for Kalawao, the large village on the windward side
of the island, where the Baldwin home and the headquarters
of Brother Dutton are located. ... The visit
was finished and the party had ridden the three miles back
to Kalaupapa before noon. At the
latter place, from the time of its arrival, Capt. Berger's
band had given the people a continual musical entertainment
from the village bandstand. Tarry Wile (sic,
?), and the music paused only daring the noon luncheon hour
and the speech-making which followed. ... At noon the
visitors partook of an excellent luau prepared in their
honor at the home of Superintendent Jack McVeigh, at long
tables set in the yard under a canvas canopy, entertained
the while by the wonderfully sweet singing of a chorus of
men and women of the colony, led by a big, brawny, sightless
young fellow who once was a member of the Honolulu police
population of the settlement was reported by. Superintendent
McVeigh to be as follows: 745; divided patients, 633; male,
387, and female, 246; kokuas (supporters), 25 males
and 15 females; not patients, 28 males and 23 females;
non-leprous children, 9 males and 11 females. ... On the
recommendation of GovernorPinkham the supply of saddle
horses will be cut down to a few for each patient that more
cattle may be given pasturage.
Cruz Evening News
Volume 15, Number 120, 13 April 1915, page 3.
BECKER DOING STUNTS ON SURFBOARD
MISS DOROTHY BECKER, fleetest and youngest mermaid of
the west, riding head down on a surfboard in Honolulu
harbor, where she competed in the Mid-Pacific Carnival
swimming events, beating Ruth Stacker, queen of the
It is said that only two expert Kanaka surf riders excel
Miss Becker in this difficult sport, although she has
had but a week's practice.
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, April 16, 1915, page 5.
PAN-PACIFIC CLUB IS LAUNCHED WILL PROMOTE RACIAL MINGLING
... Jack London
and Alexander Hume Ford acted as guests to the Japanese and
Americans who came early and enjoyed the surf riding in the
canoes provided by the junior members of the Outrigger Club,
who by the way have taken enthusiastically to the idea of
helping to entertain the fathers of the boys of many
nationalities with whom they play baseball. ... Frank C.
Atherton and Harry L. Strange were appointed a committee to
confer with Secretary Thayer and to arrange with the Outrigger
Club for an afternoon of water sports for the visitors
to wind up with a Hands-Around-the-Pacific luau on the
grounds, at which there would be a speaker from each of the
country about the Pacific to tell the national lawmakers
something of the new Pacific patriotism, and to hear from them
what in their opinion the various races of Hawaii can do to
bring the whole Pacific into a friendly relationship and
KAHANAMOKU IS STILL 100-YARD RECORD HOLDER Chicago Officials Overlooked Mark of 53 4-5
Seconds Made at Sydney
PRESS dispatches from Chicago last night stated that the
world's record for the 100-yard swim had been broken by A. C.
Raithel of the Illinois Athletic Club, who covered the
distance in 54 3-5 seconds, one-fifth of a second faster than
Duke Kahanamoku's best mark, according to the Chicago report.
record for the century swim is 53 4-5 seconds, made by Duke
Kahanamoku at the Domain Baths, Sydney, January 2 of this
year. No doubt has
been cast on the authenticity of this record, and news papers
throughout the United States generally printed it as a new
world's mark when it was flashed out by the cable. The Australian
system of timing is most thorough and complete, and the
officials of the championship meets over there certainly know
their business. The meet at
Sydney was a championship affair, and the mark made by the
Hawaiian swimmer is most unquestionably a real world's record. Possibly the
Chicago officials are mixing A. A. U. and world's records when
they claim a new mark for Raithel.
... Word has been
received from Mr. Harold Brewer, who was one of the popular
school teachers at Mill's Institute, from Paauhau plantation,
where he is permanently located. Mr. Brewer is
enraptured with Hawaii and its beauty, though he misses
Honolulu and the surf. He was an
adept at surf riding.
In the May
Mid-Pacific Magazine, on the newsstands today, begins the
story of Jack London's cruise around the Pacific on the Snark. Never before
has this tale of his wife, Charmian Kittredge London, been
published and it throws side-lights on the famous author that
are interesting in the extreme. The first
instalment tells of the building of the Snark and of her trip
to Hawaii. Both the
Londons are now regular contributors to the pages of the
Mid-Pacific Magazine and are deeply interested in its work of
creating a patriotism of the Pacific. The May number
is filled with articles from around the Pacific, among which
are the following:
for Mid-Pacific Readers; The Log of the Snark, by Charmian
Kittredge London; New Zealand, Mistress of the Pacific, by Sir
James Mills, K. C. M. C; A Day at Myajiraa, by Alexander Hume
Ford; The Psychology of the Surfboard, by Jack London; What a
New Zealander Thinks of Sydney, by Thomas L. Mills;
Blackbirding Days, by C. F. Maxwell; Tragedies of the Maui
Mountains, by C. W. Baldwin; Motoring in Java, by Teda Kapong;
Sight Seeing in Seattle, by H. H. Mattison; Pottering Around
Perth, by Joseph B. Stiekney: People of the Philippines, by
Dr. Merton Miller; Capt. Cook's Monument on Hawaii, by Thomas
G. Thrum; From Macao to Canton, by Oscar Vojnich; Rounding the
Horn, by C. F. Merrill; A Forgotten Corner of Kauai, by J. M.
ALL-HAWAII WATER TEAM IS PLANNED Depends on Expense Allowance Whether Local
Swimmers Will Go to Exposition
All-Hawaii swimming team, with Duke Kahanamoku and George
Cunha as headliners, will take part in the exposition water
meet next July, depends on just one thing; funds. Communications
now being exchanged on this subject between local swimming
authorities and the San Francisco officials and it is hoped
that satisfactory arrangements can be completed.
depends on what the fair people can do for us in the way of
expense money," said V. T. Rawlins, president of the Hui
Nalu and Hawaii's chief swimming booster. "The
exposition meet will be held in July, and we certainly hope
to send an AllHawaii team to compete."
Francisco keeps a close watch on Hawaii swimmers, and their
doings are pretty freely chronicled and commented on. William
Unmack, the swimming, expert of the San Francisco Call,
recently devoted about a column to the performances of
Kahanamoku and Miss Ruth Blacker. Here are the
13; event, 50 yards; straightaway course; place, Auckland,
N. Z.; winner, Duke Kahanamoku; time, 22 3-6 seconds a new
This is the
news received here yesterday from the antipodes. It proves
that the mighty Duke is still the greatest of them all - and
instead of going back he is smashing records galore. The Duke's'
trio, through Australia and New Zealand has been one great
series of winning races and eradicating records. His latest
record for the fifty beats his own former record of 23 2-5
seconds by four-fifths of a second, a remarkable cut from a world's
breaking official records by such a large margin brings to
mind the time when Duke first sprang into the limelight at
Honolulu, in 1910, when he clipped more than a second
off the world's mark. Proper
application blanks were made out for the record and sent to
New York, but Duke's anounced time was scoffed at by Eastern
officials and even the late James E. Sullivan raised his
eyebrows and whistled when he read the time. He wrote to
Rawlins of Honolulu and asked for further particulars, but
all the particulars had been given. Still the
big chief was not quite satisfied and could not credit such
a performance and in writing to Rawlins later he said:
"World's records are broken by fractions of seconds and not
by more than a full second."
bided his time, put Duke on a steamer for San Francisco and
shot him overland to New York and eastern cities. The first
night Duke collapsed in the 220 national championship. He bad never
been in a small enclosed tank and was not used to the fresh
water which almost choked him when he tried to turn. The
next morning Duke went into the tank and trained all morning
on the turns. That night
he came out and won the 100 so easily that the East gasped
again. Since then
he has been doing nothing else but break records.
records calls to mind that, the Honolulu papers have been
discussing th matter of records and give Dorothy Becker the
credit of holding the American record for 50 yards. Under A. A.
U. rules Dorothy Becker did hold the record with 35 3-5
seconds, but she does not hold it now, the A. A. U. time
being held by a local girl, Frances Lyons Cowells. with 34
4-5 seconds, application for which has reached the hands of
the local records committee and will be forwarded to New
Becker made her time in an unsatisfactory race at Honolulu
in February, when she was given a decision over Miss Ruth
Stacker, the Hawaiian champion. Frances
Cowells made her time in a meet at Alameda two weeks ago,
and won with ease. She has
shown considerably better than 33 in training.
Hawaiian girl made her record girl swimmers were not
recognized by the A. A. U- but the time was legitimate in
every respect and stands today as the fastest fifty yards
ever swum in this country by any girl, though officially in
the A. A. U. record lists Ruth
will not be given credit for the mark. She is an
ambitious girl, however, and is anxious to set the record,
which she can secure if she is fast enough to beat Frances
Cowells, who will be able to show far more speed inside two
or three months, when Miss Stacker is expected here to race
Stacker is a remarkable swimmer and holds, many other
unofficial records, though her mark of 7 minutes 8 seconds
for the 440 yard event, made at Honolulu in February, is an
official American record for girls, and has not been
approached in competition anywhere in the country.
The Maui News. Wailuku, Maui, April 24, 1915, page 1.
Kahanamoku at Puunene.
evening has been set apart for a visit to Puunene and here,
also a committee composed of Wm. Searby, J. W. Thomson, and C.
C. Campbell is planning to exhibit the great and only Duke
Kahanamoku in action in the Puunene Athletic Club's big tank,
in competition with some of Hawaii's lesser lights. The evening
... (Continued on
Page 3.) Chronicling America The Maui news.
(Wailuku, Maui, H.I.) 1900-current, April 24, 1915, Image 1
Image and text
provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014689/1915-04-24/ed-1/seq-1/ The Herald and News. Newberry, South Carolina, May 7, 1915, page 6.
Skiing on the
The ski is recommended as both a life saving device and a
pleasure craft, combining safety with novelty. It cannot sink, makes better speed than a swimmer and does
not tire the rider as swimming does. It is more practicable for long distances and can go
through water where there is a heavy undertow, as it sits so
high in the water that it is not caught in the grip of the
undercurrent as the legs of the swimmer are. It doesn't take a long time to master, as the surf board
does; requires no skill in balancing and sticking on and has the
great advantage of being equipped with a motive power, whereas
the ordinary surf board must be pushed and paddled out to sea
before it can be ridden in. - Outing.
Miss Marget Jones who is well known in Maul where she visited
a few months ago, are much concerned over the news of the
sinking of the Lusitania, for Miss Jones is understood to have
been a passenger on that ill-fated vessel.
Mrs. Alfred T.
Wakefield, of Honolulu, who is also known on Maui, was also
enroute to her old home in England on the Lusitania. ...
Dance at Puunene.
evening the visitors were entertained at Puunene, first with
an exhibition of swimming by Duke Kahanamoku and a number of
lesser lights in the swimming firmament, in the big tank of
the Puunene Club; and later by a most enjoyable dance in the
club house. The affair was
a very pleasant one both for visitors and hosts.
Water Sports Thursday Evening are Followed By
Dance on Tennis Courts of Club By
LAURENCE W. REDINGTON (Star-Bulletin
Correspondent, with Congressional Party).
7. ... Fully 1500
people turned out to extend a genuine Maui welcome, and from
first to last, the affair was a distinct success.
Kahanamoku was the star of water sports, and his work was
watched with great interest by the visitors, for whom whom he
gave demonstration of the various swimming strokes, besides
capturing the 100 yards event and two relay races. The Puunene
boys showed theirskill in high and fancy diving and tapeze
work, all of which proved of considerable interest tothe
visitors, a number of whom were witnessing water meef for the
tank inclosure had been specially, decorated and remodelled
for the occasion, and additional stand on one side of the
plunge being reserved for the congressional party.
The people of
Kauai will have a Iong-anticipated opportunity to see Duke
Kahanamoku in action during the visit of the congressional
party to the Garden Island. Duke, who is
traveling with the distinguished visitors, gave an exhibition
of his swimming skill at Puunene, Maui, and it occurred to
representaive Coney of Kauai that it would be a fine thing for
the Kauai swimmers if the speedy Hawaiian champion could
perform there also.
W. T. Rawlins
and Duke were called into consultation, and as a result Duke
will swim at Hanalei, and at Niumalu, Mr. Coney's place on
Kauai. At both
points there is a landing stage that offers a good
vantage point for spectators.
HAWAIIANS' TALK ABOUT THEIR TOUR IN AUSTRALIA AND N.Z. Manager
Evans Lets Loose His Flood Gates of Rhetoric in Eulogising
Mr. Francis Evans, who managed the
Hawaiian team of swimmers on their tour of Australia and New
Zealand last season, gave the 'Sunday Advertiser' a very
interesting interview on his return to Honolulu. The Duke and Cunha took part in 60
races- 27 in New Zealand and 33 in Australia- and
also gave eight exhibitions of surf-board riding. Duke finished first in 20 in New
Zealand and 25 in Australia, despite car trouble and the
sickness from the heat. Mr. Evans gives many figures
regarding the tour, but his most interesting remarks were those
relating to the standard and popularity of the sport here. While
Honolulu has every facility and a far superior climate to the
Antipodes for holding swimming meets- they call them carnivals
there - we are far behind the times here. The system of handicapping there is
unsurpassed, and if Honolulu would but adopt the system,
interest would increase a 1000 per cent. In a handicap event everyone has a
chance. In these races the number of entries
has been as high as 125, and the way the system gets those men
in the water and takes their times is marvellous. Boys begin at 10 years of age and
compete, with man of 40, and likewise against champions of the
world. These are the ideas of the popular
Hawaiian regarding our handicap system, which was unknown to him
prior to visiting here. Time is a great thing with the
Australians,' continued the manager. 'Their, carnivals, de spite their
being 15 to 20 events on the program,
are finished within two and a halt hours. Everything is system with them, and
it is the .finest system in theworld.
Coupled with the swimming, the
Australians always have a diving event, and this is one of the
big fea tures of the carnival. They generally wind up with the
spreading dive, which is a flight of 10 or 12 men leaving the
different platforms at once in a swan dive. Interesting novelties are also
introduced at each meet. I never saw such interesting events
in my life.' Mr. Evans then went on to describe
the duck hunt, pudding scramble, etc., which are familiar to the
followers of thesport. 'Another thing which greatly helps
make the carnivals a success, is thedividing
of the lanes. This is done with a rope stretched
the whole length of the tank, with pieces of cork tied to same.
A man will naturally touch this if
he begins to get out of his lane, and immediately right himself.
'As sportsmen, the Australians are
the best in the world, and they are so keen for a square deal,
that once they declined to, stage an event in which Duke was an
entry for the reason that:he had just completed a iong train
was not in a fit condition to race. This was the proposed. race between
him and Longworth.
AND DASH OF THE WOMEN'S MEETS.
'Swimming among women is in great
vogue, and it would be well for our women to follow suit. Hundreds of clubs are in existence,
and the meets these clubs hold compare with the men's clubs!. All the officials' are women. It is a pleasure to see one of these
meets pulled off. Snap and dash are the watchwords,
and there is not a dull moment- from start to finish. None, of the women swimmers of
Hawa'i or the Californian coast can compare with the Sydney swimmers.
Swimming comes to the Australian
women naturally; and there are hun dieds of good swimmers from 5years
of age up. 'In conclusion, I must say that the
Australian people are the best, and cleanest of sports, men; and
Kahanamoku, Cunhai and, myself were treated so well and
honorably, all the way through, that words cannot be found to
express cur gratitude.' The Sydney League Cluh will hold
their second annual social and presentation of prizes to-night,
May 12, at the Manchester Unity Hall, Castlcreagh-street. The prizes will be presented at 9.30
p.m., and a program of dances has been arranged while
refreshments will be served by ladies. Trove 1915 'SWIMMING.', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 12 May,
p. 16, viewed 15 September, 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129355685 The
Garden Island. Lihue, Kauai, May 18, 1915, page 1. ... After the
luncheon, moving and group pictures of the party were taken on
the lawn of the premises, and then Duke Kahanamoku and young
Oliver gave an exhibition of speed swimming in the Huleia
river. Oliver had a
fifty yards handicap and gave the champion a close rub.
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, May 21, 1915, page 10.
Dorothy Becker, San Francisco Mermaid,
May Go on the Stage.
has reached local friends of Dorothy Becker, the
little San Francisco swimmer who took part in the
Carnival swimming meet, that she is contemplating a
stage career. A good
deal of press "dope" has been prepared, and Miss
Becker may blossom forth in vaudeville at any time. Although
only a youngster, Miss Becker is a very, speedy
swimmer, and besides is a diver of exceptional grace
and ability. She
would fit nicely in some mermaid act and should make a
in Honolulu, Miss Becker learned to ride a surf board
like a native, and some excellent pictures of her
indulging in the sport are being used to good
advantage in publicity work.
are two views of the little Coast swimmer, the upper
one showing her executing the very difficult feat of
riding the board standing on her head.
SWIMMERS MAY NOT GO FROM HERE TO COAST Exposition Authorities Want All-Star Team But
Hold Out on Expenses
swimming appropriation of the P.-P. 1. K. is sadly strained,
or else the San Francisco official areindifferent as to
whether the world's champion and other great water seders from
Hawaii take part in the Coastirect or not. There is a
hitch in negotiations between the local A. A. U. and the San
Francisco management, that may mean no Hawaii entry in the big
swimming officials have made an earnest request for an
all-star Hawaii team to take part in their meet, with Duke and
Cunha, of course, included, said W. T. Rawlins, president of
the Hawaiian branch of the A. A. U; and of the Hul Nalu, this morning. "However, they
are only willing to put up $500 towards expenses, and we
figure the cost of sending a four-man team. Including hotel
and incidental traveling expenses, at about $1100. This leaves a
balance of $600 on the wrong side of the ledger, and we can't
see our way clear to putting it up.
proposition made by the exposition people is to pay $330
toward the expenses of Duke and trainer, or Cunha. That is
somewhat ambiguous, and can be read to mean Duke and a
trainer, Duke and Cunha or Cunha and a trainer. I'm not sure
just what it does mean." . It would be a
great pity, if Hawaii was not represented in the exposition
swimming championships, but it would seem that the San
Francisco officials are hardly liberal enough with their
contribution if they expect to get an all-star Hawaiian team. Heretofore,
Hawaii has contributed liberally to sending swimming teams
from home, but in, this instance it looks as though the
exposition people would be the big gainers. Duke
Kahanamoku is probably the best advertised swimmer in the
world today, and George Cunha, by his fine work in Australia,
has made himself a big swimming card. With "Stubby"
Kruger and Clarence Lane as the two other members, a Hawaiian
team would nave a good chance of cleaning up the relay event. The ' P.-P. 1.
E. is bringing crack swimmers from New York and Chicago and it
would be interesting to know whether they are to receive only
a portion or all of their expenses. As matters now
stand it looks as though Hawaii's participation In the
swimming meet might be called off, although there is the
chance that the Chamber of Commerce will step in and take a
hand in the finance proposition.
Pearl of the Crossroads How She Met Her Fate. By FREDERICK
BRIGGS Copyright by
Frank A. Munsey Co.
Some one said that a sailorman was good for nothing but to
chase about the world and send people presents. Pearl Smith
had known this all her life, though perhaps she had never
resolved it into just that expression. ... He was
an American bluejacket, boatswain's mate of the destroyer
Shark. There is one
amusement the Hawaiians have which Americans do not possess. We are
enthusiastic surf bathers and are good swimmers, but a sight
that is seen in Hawaiian waters is never seen on an American
coast A Hawaiian
takes with him to the beach a board, usually about twice his
length. This board he
carries out as far as he can then, placing himself on it, it
bears him, forced by the waves, back again to the beach. Those who are
not expert at this exercise may lie flat on the board, but
those who are trained to it stand erect, balancing their
bodies as they roll toward the shore.
He met Pearl
at Waikiki beach. She was
shooting the surf when Heine saw her first standing upright
with outflung arms, she balanced on her polished board of
kamani wood as it raced ahead of a giant breaker. Swift as the
wave she flashed past the swimming sailor, but as the waters
broke over his head he remembered every line of her beautiful
body. The grace' of her attitude struck him harder than the
wave. Turning, he
swam strongly toward the beach, where the spent roller had
land ed the fairy surf rider.
Half a dozen
men were begging Pear] to be allowed to take her board out to
the reef again, but she laughed them away with a flash of milk
white teeth and struggled out alone. Heine met her
a hundred fathoms from the beach, where the water came almost
to his shoulders as he stood on the sand. "I'll carry
your board for you!" he cried as the girl broke through a wave
almost upon him. Startled, she
turned her head, and the board slipped, striking on her flower
mouth. As the blood
came Heine caught her in his arms. The wave,
receding, shut the other bathers from view, and for ten
seconds the sailorman held the girl close to his heart "My lip will
swell!" she panted, struggling to free herself. But Heine
jollied her, just as he jollied the commanding officer of the
Shark, and within half an hour she had checked her surf board
and bathing costume at the bathhouse and was riding back to
town with him, holding her handkerchief to the swelling lip.
later the fleet was ready to sail. Dusky singers
with their tiny guitars strummed the sad "Aloha Oe" -
"Farewell" - in every street.
Dodson, of this city, created quite a sensation Sunday by
introducing something new in the way of water sports. The Doc has
made a surf board which he ties to the rear of his speed boat,
and rides upon it with the boat going at full speed. From the looks
of the sport it must be very exciting, and the Doc got several
duckings before he mastered the new stunt. It took well
with the motor boat owners of this vicinity and several
already have declared their intention of securing a surf board
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, July 26, 1915, page 10.
Motor Surf Board is Final Word in
Aquatic Sport Here
motor surfboard has arrived. No
longer must the surf rider wait for favorable rollers
and, after a brief and exciting shoot on the crest of
a comber, paddle laboriously out again for another
he need merely give the starting mechanism a spin,
jump on his board and beat it across the briny. Owing
to the low freeboard of the surfboard, however, it is
necessary to have the motor ahead of, and slightly
above the body of the surfboard.
above picture shows Harold K. Castle (right) and E. K.
Miller racing on motor boards. They
are seen holding to the mechanical contrivance which
connects the motor with the board. No
picture of the motor is available, as it is a secret
invention of Mr. Castle, who jealously guards it from
possible patent thiefs.
FULL MOON WILL MARK THE DEVELOPMENT OF OUTRIGGER
Improvements Costing $3000 Will Be Completed - In Seven
years Organisation Has Grown to 1200 membership
From a humble
beginning seven years ago, the Outrigger Cance Club has grown
to be the largest social organization in the Hawaiian Islands,with a
membership of considerably more than 1000, with a waiting list
of several hundred.
Canoe Club was ord primarily for the purpose of giving the
sport of surf-board riding, which had almost completely died
out, where there were eight white men and boys who
little more than a half a dozen years ago could ride the surf
board; but today there are hundreds; with the revival of
surf-board riding and surf-canoeing grew the social element in
the club, so that today $2000 is being spent on
improvements, although it is but six months since improvements
costing an equal were completed.
Club has never borrowed money, and when the present
improvements were contemplated it was merely stated that about
$2000 would be spent on the big pavilion dancing lanai facing
the sea, and in two afternoons more than 100 members of the
club had pledged about $1200, and it was suggested that on
completion of the new lanai that opened with a dance to
whicheach member of the club would beasked to subscribe five
Tickets at $1 each.
Ladies of the
Woman's Auxillary, to make these tickets even more
attractive, offered to provide a chowder for each ticket
holder, so that on afternoon and evening of August 27, the
next full moon date, there will be monster entertainment, a
chowder to be followed by a dance.
Members Being Pledged.
in charge is hard at work, pledging each member to underwrite
his five tickets, and as the women were providing the chowder
and supper, each subscriber will know his dollars will go
directly into the improvement fund.
It costs a
good many, thousand dollars a year now to conduct the
Outrigger Canoe Club, but in the early days its total
annual income was but $300 ($500?). The hau trees
on the grounds were made to serve as shelter for the picnic
parties and a tent house didservice for the men and boy
bathers, while a simple Hawaiian grass structure was turned
into a bath house for women.
The idea of
the Outrigger Club was born in the brain of a malihini- in
Hawaii they call a stranger a malihini.
One day two
malihinis walked along a little stretch of beach at Waikiki
and lamented the fact that the great hotels and palatial
villas of the rich had so encroached that practically there
was no public entrance to one of the most famous beaches in
malihinis looked out on the sea where there were three boys
riding on their surf-boards. They asked if
it were possible for them to learn the art of standing on the
waves on these chips of wood and were told that it must be
learned in childhood. One of the
malihini, a man of 40, proved a doubting Thomas and induced
the three youngsters to show him the way on a board out to the
big breakers. In six weeks
of hard work, eight hours a day, he mastered the art of
standing and riding on the Hawaiian surf-board. Furthermore,
he discovered that by being shown the trick of starting and
guiding the board, a novice could learn how to master the surf
in a few lessons. He observed,
however, that the beach was practically closed to the small
boy of Hawaii who would not afford the daily bath house free
Howl of Ridicule Went Up.
organise a surf -board club," he said to some of the young men
and boys who were expert surf board riders, "and secure a
place on the beach on which to build a clubhouse for those who
wish to learn to ride a surf-board?" There was a
general howl of ridicule at the idea of any one, a malihini
least of all, securing a bit of property facing Waikiki beach;
but the malihini didn't see things just this way. He found out
that one of the leases for an acre and a half of ground would
soon expire. This acre and
a half faced the sea between the two great Waikiki hotels and
was the property of the Queen Emma Estate. Here, on these
grounds in years gone by, Kamehameha the Great had landed with
his war canoes the warriors who conquered the island of Oahu. Here Queen
Emma had learned to ride the surf-board. Here was built
for her one of the old native grass houses and daily with her
retainer she would go out as a child to the big surf and come
in standing on her board. It was the
most historic bit of ground in Honolulu and the trustees of
the estate expressed a willingness to turn over the property
to a club that would perpetuate the Hawaiian water sports of
which Queen Emma had been so fond.
Thus it was
that for a nominal sum this valuable piece of property was
turned over to the malihini, on the condition that he organize
a club that would make it easily possible during the 20 years
of the lease for every grown person and youngster in Hawaii to
learn to become an adept In the art of guiding Hawaiian
outrigger canoes and riding on the surf-board.
Began With 100 Members.
Canoe Club sprang into existence with 100 members and within a
few months more young people were riding the surf -board and
steering canoes than had ever done so since the days of the
landing of Kamehameha's fleet . To the
astonishment of the people of Hawaii it was found that not
only could men of all ages quickly learn the art of riding the
surf-board, but that even young girls and women rapidly picked
up the accomplishment. That first
summer of 1908 the club was in full swing and the requirements
of giving the grounds a Hawaiian effect were carried out.
There were two
real Hawaiian grass houses on the island cf Oahu that had been
built with all the ceremonies attendant on the construction of
such buildings by the Hawailans. The posts were
of real ohia wood lashed together with grass ropes, the walls
were lined with pandamus leaves and the whole thatched with
the real pili grass used by Hawaiian chiefs on their
buildings. Those houses
were secured and moved to the grounds of the Outrigger Club. Rules were
made forbidding the harboring in the grounds of any kind of
craft other than real outrigger canoes. Once a year
the native Hawaiian canoeists of the island were invited to
make the Outrigger grounds their homes for several days. Old Hawaiian
sports of every kind were revived and it was a unique sight
even to the people of Honolulu to see crews of native women in
sailing and paddling canoe races. On the grounds
from 50 to 100 Hawaiians lived in the native style in the
grass houses, the women pounding taro into poi, the menbaking
pigs in imus, or .underground ovens, and everything proceeding
as it did in the days when Kamehameha landed on this spot.
Women Became Interested.
The club grew
in influence and importance and soon became an institution. It now became
necessary to interest the gentler sex. A grass
bathhouse was built and a part of the grounds set apart
exclusively for a women's auxiliary, which soon numbered 40
members. The hau trees
were jacked up on cocoanut posts and trellises and formed into
splendid outing places for picnics and parties. In the great
wide lagoon adjoining the Outrigger grounds was built a big
thatched dancing pavilion or lanai. In everything
the Hawaiian effect was maintained.
courtesy of Frank Clark of around-the-world-crulse fame,
magnificent silver trophies for the best boy and girl
surfboard riders and canoe surfists were offered as an
encouragement to those who would be come adept in these
The waters of
Hawaii remain at about 78 to 78 degrees of warmth the year
around. It is in
summer, however, when the school children have their vacation,
that the waters of the bay are crowded with canoes and
surfboards and the grounds with merrymakers. On the grounds
the boys make their own surfboards and the paddles with which
they guide the canoes before the great rollers. Here too they
fashion the outriggers and lash them to the canoes. Once more the
old Hawaiian sports are being revived and bid f sir to excel
in every way anything accomplished in the days of old.
Has Helped Save Lives.
The revival of
the surfboard has also had its useful side. Many lives
have been saved in the surf through the use of the board. One member of
the Outrigger Club has saved as vainy as eight human lives,
all with the use of the surfboard. The surfboard
can be propelled through the water very much faster than
anyone can swim. It cuts
through the incoming waves and quickly reaches anyone in
trouble in the big surf. The drowning
man is placed on the board and the board shoved toward the
There is also
the esthetic side to the Outrigger Canoe Club. There are
occasions when scores of canoes are beautifully decorated with
lanterns and a night water carnival prepared for the
delectation of the members ashore. Not only that,
but some of the youngsters have learned the secret of touching
off red fire on the tips of their boards just as they catch
the wave and their illuminated figures are seen In outline on
the foaming crest.
Hawaiian sport that the club has done least to revive has been
that of native fishing. Still there
are members of the club who do sometimes go far out to sea in
their canoes and spear the multi-colored fish that swarm in
Hawaiian waters. The usual
method is to take a glass-bottomed box and a twenty-foot
spear. The edge of
the box is held in. the teeth by the swimmer and the spear in
the right hand. As the fish is
seen twenty or thirty feet below, the spearman aims his spear
and pierces the fish. That is how it
Is done in the day time.
probably as many canoes in the Club grounds at Waikiki as
there are outside of the grounds on the entire Island of Oahu. There are
three canoes, however, not on the club grounds, but down at
Pearl Harbor, that the club envies and which have been
promised. Two of these
canoes are 100 feet in length and it takes 14 paddlers at
least to man either one of them. These are the
two largest of the old native canoes left on the islands, and
it is the intention of the club to keep them as state canoes
for distinguished visitors who come to Hawaii. The club will
also make a collection of Polynesian canoes from all around
the Pacific; in fact, a start has been made in this direction.
Twelve Hundred Members
Outrigger Canoe Club has a membership of 1200 almost equally
divided between men and women. When it I
needs funds, the proceeds of a single entertainment is all
that is necessary to prevent the club from establishing the
precedent of borrowing money, and it is expected that the
treat moonlight dance and chowder next month will be recorded as one of the
monumental entertainments given in Hawaii. With the other
desired improvements ; made on the Outrigger grounds, it is
hoped and believed that the younger element will once more
come to the front in the development of surfing sports and
Club has from its inception been one of the great promotion
assets of the Hawaiian Islands. It was through
its initial efforts that the A. A. U. in Hawaii was organized,
and the Islands have much to be proud of in the direct and
indirect accomplishments of the Outrigger Canoe Club at
....................... CORAL GARDEN
HOTEL See the
Wonderful Marina Pictures in KANEOHE BAY Glass-bottomed
and row-boats for hire Good Meals
Served. A. L.
July 31 . Cottagers have
clashed with the city authorities over the legality of the
"mackintosh law," which compels all bathers passing through
the city streets to wear some covering over their surf attire
that will stretch well down below the knees. ... Gallant life
guards have refused to enforce the edict that all bathing
skirts must be within six inches of the knee. The edict was
issued by the city fathers, but the "llfe catchers," backed up
by Chief Surgeon Charles Bosset, czar of the beach patrol,
announced that they would not go up and measure the skirts
with tapes, and besides they were supposed to watch the people
in the surf and not the paraders on the beach. Let the beach
cops be the censors, they requested, but the bluecoats manage
to dodge the responsibility, so the girls are appearing in
their bloomer suits and abbreviated skirts just as before. ... Motor pursuit
contest are now engaging the athletic youngsters along the
ocean and inlet fronts. They fasten
their surf boards behind motor boats, climb aboard and then
balance themselves as the speedy hydroplanes yank them across
the billows. The skill
required to remain right side tip when the speed boats are
making thirty miles an hour or better means practice for weeks, and the
spectator are given some real thrills in watching the youths
skip over the waves.
IN THE TRENCHES AT GALLIPOLI; SOME LIVELY
Lance-corporal Ogden, on active service with tho Australian
Expeditionary infantry forces, in a censored letter to Mr. C.
Rider, of 'Lorn", West Maitland, under date June 17, says: - ... "After doing practically five weeks in the trenches, during
which we have had some lively times, we were relieved by other
troops, and have been spelling away from the firing line for
about three weeks so far, and the rest is welcome.
A mile away from our rest camp is the beach, and at
every chance we indulge in sea-bathing, which tends to remind me
of our Newcastle surf bathing. The boys, do enjoy the dip and we can hardly realise that
we are at war. I guess our time will soon be around to take another turn
in the trenches, and, get the Turks on the move nearer to
Since the above was written Lance-corporal Ogden has been
Prior to enlisting he was engaged on the East Greta railway as
1915 'SOLDIER'S LETTER.', The Maitland Daily Mercury (NSW :
1894 - 1939), 10 August, p. 6. , viewed 06 Apr 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article121714100
The Sun. New York, August 15, 1915, page 56.
ATLANTIC CITY HAS A NEW BATHING FAD Visitors Using Auto Tires to Coast Them Over the
Aug. 14. The August
rush is on, and it is bigger than ever this year. ... Inner tubes
have replaced surf boards in popular favor for ocean use in
coasting over the breakers. Motorists take
some of their old tubes, have them vulcanized and then carry
them to the beach. One tube will
support a half dozen people without dllllculty, and those who
do not swim grip the tubes while they bun nee over the
combers. The swimmers
take them out into deep water, fit them over their shoulders
and behind their legs and then sit for hours, bobbing up and down on
the long swells.
Waikiki surfrlding is getting some indirect publicity through
the press-agent work on behalf of little Dorothy Becker; the
girl swimmer, who came here some months ago and was the winner
of an unsatisfactory 50-yard race. Miss Becker is
shown in a 3 column photo in the Chicago Tribune doing a
"head-stand" on a surfboard and an accompanying. article tells
of the pleasures and popularity of surf-riding.
CRAZE IS SPREADING MAINLAND Boards Now in Use at Most of the
California Beaches, and Their Popularity Grows
Surfboards; the distinctive feature of Waikiki beach, are
in the way of coming Into universal - use on every beach on the
North American Pacific coast where there is a good surf. Already they have become very popular along the great
beaches of the South California coast. At Ocean Park, VenIce; Long Beach and a dozen
other swimming resorts, the hoards are now a familiar spectacle.
Cliff Cole, the champion high diver of the Pacific coast who
made a visit here not long ago and gave some exhibition diving,
when back across the waters full of enthusiasm for the tumbles
and excitement of the gay sport. Almost every day he is on the California beaches with his
board and a crowd of Imitators follow him about. While the surf in these places does not break so. far away
as it does on Waikiki beach and consequently does not offer such
opportunities for riding, still the new feature opens up twice
the possibilities of the old surf bathing. A great stimulus has been given to surfboard riding by Duke
Kahanamoku, who carried his board with him on several of his
trips to thecoast. Wherever Duke appeared with it a great crowd gathered on
the beaches to marvel at the ease with which he stood upright
and rode the bucking waves as skilfully as a cowboy rides a
broncho. Everywhere he was besieged with pupils anxious to learn his
methods and his skill with the board is already a popular legend
in a dozen great resorts.
The annual report of the Lyall Bay Surf and Life-saving Club
states that the membership has been well maintained during the
call made by the Empire on members, the active work of the
club has been well attended to, and it, is hoped that those
remaining wiII do their utmost to retain the good name of the
has received due attention during the season, and the
committee is pleased to report that the beach has been free
from accidents. The finances
have improved considerably during the past season, and it is
anticipated that they wiII remain steady during the coming
season. The report
refers to the visit of the Hawaiian swimmer Duke Kahanamoku,
and says that the thanks of the club are due to Mr. Heu Heu
Tekino and his wife for entertaining the team at the Bay,
thereby relieving the club of a. great deal of the necessary
entertaining. The report
also expresses the thanks of the club to Sir Robert Stout,
Messrs. J. E. Henrys, L. P. Blundell, and A. Levy for the
practical interest shown by them in its work. The
balance-sheet shows: Receipts £22 5s, expenditure £13 2 4d,
cash in hand £9 2s 8d. The Maui
News. Wailuku, Maui, September 3, 1915, page 5.
Beach Party Given for Palama Basket Ball Girls
The Waihee beach last Sunday was the scene of several bathing
parties, and the number of bathers, surf board and canoe
riders, gave it the appearance of a tourist resort. The various
beach houses along the shore from Waiehu to beyond Waihee were
occupied, and it being a splendid day, an enjoyable time
is reported all along.
Penhallow beach house a party was given in honor of the Palama
Settlement basket ball team. Bathing,
surfing, and canoeing was indulged in by those present, after
which a fine lunch was laid out of which all partook. The party
returned to Wailuku late in the afternoon, tired but happy.
present were: Major and Mrs. W. E. Bal, Mrs. G. D. Schrader,
Mrs. A. Garcia, Mrs. Frank Aki, Jr., Misses E. Cunningham,
Achoy Ahu, Mabel Titcomb, Lizzie Ianua, Lillian Biart, Mary
Luhan, Bernicia Lane, Elizabeth Akana, Jennie Hoina, Mary
Honman, Jennie Kahalekal, Ella Bal, Esther Tallant, Girlie
Hart, Gladys Hart, L.ouise Robinson, Pet Robinson, Tweet
Robinson, Lovey Robinson, Messrs. Archie Bal. Jean Bal, Ernest
Weight, Susie Baldwin, John Robin-,son, Henry Robinson, Alvin
Robinson, Foster Robinson, Robert Smythe, John M. Brown.
.... Third baseman
Cavin of the Chicago Maroons intends to take a surf board with
him to his home in Galveston. Catcher Hart
wants to take one back, too, but he lives in Kansas.
star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, September
08, 1915, 2:30 Edition, SHIPPING SECTION, Image 11
Image and text
provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014682/1915-09-08/ed-2/seq-11/ The Washington Herald. Washington, D.C., September 10, 1915, page 2.
GAYETY STARS HAVE LOVE FOR FLYING
Sherlock sisters' singing and dancing have attracted
attention at the Gayety this week. While
playing in San Francisco several months ago the Sherlock
sisters accepted a dare to take a night with Lincoln
Beachey, the famed birdman. They soared
over the Presidio, over the bay. and back over the city. They were so
delighted with the experience they have never been contented
since with any other form of locomotion and avail themselves
of every opportunity to take a flight. ... The Sherlock
sisters find outdoor life an essential and with other
accomplishments are expert swimmers. Several
years ago, while playing in Hawaii, they became exponents of
surf-board riding. Under the
tutelage of Duke Kaunupauhola (sic) winner of the Olympic
swimming contests at Stockholm, the sisters soonbecame
experts in this thrilling diversion.
SAILS BOARD IN
WAVES WOMAN IS CRAFTS PILOT Redondo Beach Swimmer's
Invention Proves Popular With the Bathers
REDONDO BEACH, July 26.— A new pleasure was added to surf
bathing today by Mrs. Aileen Allen of Redondo Beach. Mrs. Allen appeared In the surf with
a sailing surfboard constructed by herself She is known as one of the most beautiful and one
of the ablest surf
swimmers of the Southern California beaches, and as she
sailed her board
through the surf
today she created such enthusiasm among other swimmers
that copies of her board have been ordered built at
once. A big fleet of them is expected to appear in the surf
Sunday with beautiful young skippers guiding them.
Mrs. Allen's board is
eight feet long. The mast, which is plaited but a few inches from the
bow, is four feet high and it carries quite an expanse
of sail. The sail, which is made of unbleached cotton, can
be raised or lowered from the stern where she sits. She guides her craft, with her feet and believes
that with a little more practice she will be able to
guide it by simply causing it to tip to one side or the
other. Mrs. Allen, with her board,
swims out quite a distance beyond the surf
line, then hoists her sail and starts in. When she strikes the surf line
she is plowing along about four miles an hour and her
ride through the surf is
thrilling. Mrs. Allen is planning to build a small keel or
centerboard to her craft to keep it from drifting when
under sail and she then believes she will be able to
tack at will. If this proves
true she will sail over the glassy swells out beyond the
surf until tired and end her dip with a fast ride
through the surf.
California Digital Newspaper
Los Angeles Herald,
Number 278, 21 September 1915, page 2.
2019 apologies: On review, I can no longer find this
Allen Piloting Her New Sailing Surfboard Through the Waves at
Notes: A sailing surfboard designed and ridden
(successfully?) by Mrs. Allen, Redondo Beach, 1915.
This was twenty years before Tom Blake's design, and sixty before
Jim Drake and Hoyle Schweitzer's Windsurfer.
In response to the accompanying board
portrait posted by DeSoto Brown on the Surfblurb (January
2019), Hervé Manificat noted:
It seems that the woman on the left could be identified
as former diver Aileen Allen who was member of the
American team (with Duke Kahanamoku) at the 1920 Olympic
Thanks to Geoff Cater website, we learn that she was
used to surfing and invented in 1915 a kind of sailing
board long before Tom Blake.
The image is online at
alamy.com, the notes reading: The young woman on the left appears to
be Aileen Allen (1888-1950), a diver in the 1920 Summer
Olympics who received her start in competitive athletics
with the Los Angeles Athletic Club and returned to the
LAAC as a swimming instructor and the Director of Womens
Athletics in 1931.
Hawaiian surfer Duke Kahanamoku, also associated with
the LAAC, was a gold medal winner in swimming during the
1920 Summer Olympics at Antwerpen. https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-vintage-photo-of-young-women-from-the-los-angeles-athletic-club-laac-177089957.html
The photograph was probably
taken at Waikiki in 1921-1922, see: 1922 Capt. Warren Clear : Duke
Kahanamoku and Waikiki.
Extracts and photographs from Infantry Journal, US
Infantry Association, Washington, D.C., Volume 20 Number
4, April 1922.
FAMILY He’s There With the SurfBoard
Copyright. 1915. International News Service.
Note: A cartoon demonstrating the importance of
riding a suitably sized surfboard, California, 1915.
The large images were uploaded to assist in reading the text. California Digital Newspaper Collection http://cdnc.ucr.edu
Los Angeles Herald, Number 278, 21 September
1915, page 10.
2019 apologies: On review, I was able to
find this article online at: https://cdnc.ucr.edu/?a=d&d=LAH19150921 Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, October 16, 1915, page 9.
Party at the Outrigger Club.
The usual crowd of young folks are spending this afternoon and
evening at the
Outrigger Canoe Club. After a swim
and surf ride they will enjoy a picnic supper under one of the
hau tree pergolas and then resort to dancing in the new
pavilion to the strains furnished by a Hawaiian quintet. The party will
be chaperoned by Mr. and Mrs. W. P. S. Hawk. Among those
invited are: Miss Mid Hawk, Miss Dorothy Hawk, Miss Helen
Center, Miss Mae Walker, Miss Dorothy Walker, Miss Florence
White, Miss Florence Davis, Miss Louise Girvin, Miss Clemence
Glfford. Miss Mildred Chapin, Miss Ruth Stacker, Miss Miriam
Stacker, Miss Gertrude Ripley, Miss Peggy Richards, Miss
Gladys Traut, Miss Dorothy Winter, Miss lima Woods, Miss
Rachel Woods, Miss Peggy Briand, Miss Rhoda Ballentyne, Sam
Carter, Frederick Carter, John Gifford, John O'Dowda, Gustave
Ballentyne, Lorrin Thurston, George Lindey, George Bromley,
Arthur Brown, Dr. Jack Pedeh, Shirley Bush, LeRoy Bush, Albert
Bush, Edwin Ideler, Jerry Smith, Gornony Gubb, Ernest Mott
Smith, Allen Davie, Chester Taylor, Billy Noble, Stafford
Austin, Henry White and Sam Stacker.
out to sea off Walkiki, an empty 14-foot new fishing boat,
painted a sea-green, was picked up a few days ago by Capt,
Albert Frederickson, skipper of the aOhu Shipping Company's
nower schooner Makens. There is no
name on the boat and nothing to indicate to whom it belongs. In the boat
were fishing lines, a sail and a surf board, but nothing to
indicate the craft's ownership. A pair of oars
lay in the boat. , The little
boat is at Pier 9, and Capt. Frederlckson is waiting for a
claimant to appear. Whether some
one hired the skiff rowed out to sea and committed suicide by
jumping overboard is a matter of speculation. It is thought,
however, that it may have become loosed from its moorings and
PLAN GAY TIME FOR ARRIVALS ON HILL LINER Concerts, Dances, Japanese Show, Surfing and
Auto Rides Outlined
three days left before the Hill liner Great Northern ties up
at Pier 7 Friday morning and pours a crowd of eager tourists
into Honoluluentertainment plans
for the visitors are practically completed and only a few
finishing touches remain before everything necessary to Insure
a representative Hawaiian welcome will have been done. ... Saturday
afternoon will probably be turned over to surf riding and
bathing at the Outrigger Club, G. H. Tuttle, president of the
organization, having expressed his willingness to have the
visitors entertained there. Boys will be
provided to captain the canoes.
A trip through
Haleakala crater will be shown In motion pictures by R. K.
Bonine at the opera house tomorrow night. Since Kilauea
also is to be shown there will be an opportunity to see
Hawaii's two greatest wonders. ... Another film
that should be of great interest to Honolulu is one which
shows the best features of some of the recent Mid-Pacttlc
carnivals. Those who have
attended carnivals time out of mind will have some old days
recalled to them vividly. There will be
floral parades, the landing of Kamehameha at Waikiki and other
pictures of surf riding were obtained by Mr. Bonine by
building a stand far off shore, where the best riders,
unwilling to remain inshore with the beginners, take their
boards. This stand was
braced against the surf, and, as an extra precaution, several
canoes were placed about It, manned by good swimmers and canoe
boys, to rescue Mr. Bonine and his camera if the stand should
go down with the surf. The surf
riders move into the eye of the camera at high speed. As they had
passed by the time the surf struck the stand, Mr. Bonine was
able to cease unreeling film and hold to supports while the stand
shook with the rush of waters.
of Los Angeles ; has beenj elected as the instructor at
the manual training class at the Y. M. C. A. Mr. Martin is
an experienced shop man and a woodworker of note and classes
were held on Monday and Wednesday of this week, and six boys enrolled to
take advantage of the course offered. ... One boy has
planned to make a surf board while another is working on a
proposed changes in the organization's bylaws went through
without opposition Saturday afternoon at the Outrigger Canoe
Club's special meeting of members called to vote on the
This means an
increase of the initiation fee from $5 to $10 after January 1,
and a boost in the annual dues from $6 to $10. The dues for
visitors and guests will go up from $1 to $2 a month.
H. Tuttle of the club said this morning that the new scale of
initiation fees and dues will bring in enough money to enable
the erection of another locker room. The club now
has 634 members, but its locker space is only designed to care
for 584 men and boys.
the club's kitchen will be started soon, and the space covered
over with a roof. The new locker
building will be completed before the spring and summer rush
begins. Secretary J.
Ashman Beaver said today that 30 new members have been
admitted in the last four or five weeks.
MID-PACIFIC CHRISTMAS ISSUE IN BRIGHT COLOR
Gorgeous Pages Give Characteristic Views of Island Scenes Christmas is
coming and the Christmas issue of the Mid-Pacific Magazine is
here. Tomorrow the
January number, which is the holiday issue of this magazine
"Made in Hawaii," will be on the news stands and a new
achievement in magazine-making in the territory will be
accomplished. This holiday
number is one superbly gotten up. Only once
before in Hawaii have such color-pages come from the press. That was in
the latest-special issue of the Star-Bulletin, and this number
of the Mid-Pacific is from the same establishment the printing
department or the Star-Bulletin. The cover is a
deep, royal purple, against which background is shown a single
and perfect hibiscus in its own inimitable colors. The
lettering is in white. Then follows
16 pages of Hawaiian scenes in colors, colors gorgeous,
dainty, redolent of the islands. The subjects
are successively bougainvillea tree, surf -board swimming,
night-blooming cereus, cane field and mill, Waikiki scene,
pau-rider in floral parade, Haleakala canyon, Waimea canyon,
Nuuanu pali, moonlight night in Hawaii, volcano of Kilauea,
Hawaii's painted fish, Olokele gulch, sugar harvesting
scene, snow-covered summit of Mauna Kea. In text
description and information the contents of the issue are also
noteworthy. Outside of the
color pages the book is printed in duotone brown and the page
borders give a handsome effect Chronicling America Honolulu
star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, December
06, 1915, 3:30 Edition, Image 8
Image and text
provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014682/1915-12-06/ed-2/seq-8/ Honolulu Star-Bulletin
December 15, 1915, page 3.
are bringing Hawaii to the front in the publicity line if the
number of inquiries regarding the boards is any criterion. In the last
mail the Promotion Committee received two requests for surf
board dimensions and the materials they are made from. One of the
letters came from Capetown and the other from New York.
star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, December
15, 1915, 2:30 Edition, Image 3
Image and text
provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Herald, New Zealand. Volume XLII, Issue 13875, 24 December 1915, page
becoming more and more popular at Lyall Bay, Wellington. Since the
visit of Duke Kahanamoku and his swimming partner, George
Cunha, and their notable exhibition of the art of riding the
surges, many swimmers have taken up the sport with entusiasm. Now it is an
every-day sight to see many bathers with surf-boards,
disporting themselves more or less skilfully on the breakers.
Autographed Postcard, Feb 11,
S. Marks was prominant in Sydney sports.
premier athletic track is named
E.S. Marks Field.
reproduced from private collection.
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