home catalogue history references appendix 
newspapers : 1880-1889 

Newspapers :  1880-1889.


Introduction - Format - Overview.
See: Newspapers
 For several days in late January, 1881, many witnessed the daring and skills of the expert natives surf-ridiers in huge surf in Hilo harbor.

1880 1881 1882 1883 1884
1885 1886 1887 1888 1889

The Hawaiian Gazette
Honolulu, February 9, 1881, page 3.

The last week of January, 1881, will be remembered at Hilo as one of the most windy and dusty ever known in this quiet little town.
For two days and nights the wind blew a perfect gale directly from the summit of Mauna Loa, snapping off and uprooting trees and doing much damage, and filling the air with the dense smoke from the great fire in the woods.
Far out at sea nothing could be seen but the cloud of smoke; suddenly the wind changed to the north, bringing back the smoke and also several coasters who took refuge in the harbor.
Huge rollers came in from the sea, and for a couple of days tho harbor was a fine place for surf-riding and several of the expert among the natives showed their daring and skill to the edification of many witnesses.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, February 09, 1881, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Riverine Grazier
Hay, NSW, Wednesday 4 January 1882, page 4

"Surf-Bathing in the Sandwich Islands.''
- Mr Conway very kindly offered to get up some surf-bathing at a short notice, and the offer of one dollar brought out half-a-dozen surf-riders instantly.
These, poor
fellows jumped into the water, and swam out through the breakers about three-quarters of a mile from shore - just outside the furthest rollers - taking their surf-boards with them.
How they manage
this is a mystery to me.
They use
their hands and legs in swimming out seawards, like other people : and unless they stick the surf boards on to their chests with patent mucilage, or carry them in their teeth, I cannot tell how they do get them out.
They ap
pear to lie on the boards on their faces, and somehow they do get oiutside the breakers, boards and all, and there they balance themselves in the water and wait for the big roller to come along.
When they see it coming they
quickly swim to just in front of the curling top of the breaker just as it begins to form itself.
object thenceforward is to keep exactly in that position.
start lying upon their board at full length; face downwards, and by paddling rapidly with their hands they can keep just in the place necessary for their safe and rapid journey.
Well, after Mr Kanaka
has fairly started on this rapid journey, he has to look out sharp that his board does not turn under him, or that the comber does not overtake him.
Should either of
these accidents happen, the surf rider disappears in the twinkling of an eye, and is rolled over and over like a log.
Should he keep
his place all right, he is rushed along at a speed of at least forty or fifty miles per hour towards the shore, where he lands on water knee-deep, having been carried with this great velocity riding on a plank half-an inch thick, lying almost entirely on the surface of the watrr - about three-fourths of a mile - in less than one minute. I timed this feat several times.
The swimmer's sometimes wait a long time for a good big roller.
Half-an-hour is not too long.
surf was high on the occasion, and there were plenty of upsets, but finally all got safely ashore, and some, went back again three times.
Altogether surf-bathing struck me
as being- about the most wonderful thing l was likely to see in the

1882 'OVER AND OVER AGAIN.', The Riverine Grazier (Hay, NSW : 1873 - 1954), 4 January, p. 4, viewed 5 April, 2014,

The Daily Bulletin.
Honolulu, October 23, 1882, page 1.

" Now, dear," said Mr. Breezy, leading his wife carefully over the sands, "you must wet your head first and then - "

" Do you suppose I never been in bathing before?" asked Mrs. Breezy, giving an extra tug at the skirt of her bathing suit, and looking over her shoulder to see if any vulgar men were taking in her more or less graceful costume.
"Mr. Breezy, you talk as though I had lived all my life in the backwoods of Ohio and had never got a sniff of salt water, I am just as familiar with surf bathing as you are Mr. Breezy, and I dare say a great deal more so.
You, know I was brought up on the Sound, and I know -"

"But my dear, the surf here at Long Branch is very heavy, and you must take good hold of the rope as soon - "

- Incomplete, damaged document.

Chronicling America
The Daily bulletin. (Honolulu [Hawaii]) 1882-1895, October 23, 1882, Image 1
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Daily Bulletin.
Honolulu, December 30, 1882, page 3.


Many generations ago there dwelt on the island of Oahu at Lihue, in the district of Ewa, a young chief named Lolale.

(Includes canoe and board surfing)

Chronicling America
The Daily bulletin. (Honolulu [Hawaii]) 1882-1895, December 30, 1882, SUPPLEMENT, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Daily Bulletin.
Honolulu, March 15, 1884, page 4.

What I Saw and Heard in Honolulu.

From The Republic.
Waikiki, however, is the favorite resort of the fashionable, King Kalakaua having his royal county-seat there.
On the 35th of December my wife and little daughter and self drove out over a fine, hard highway (some three or four miles from Honolulu) to these charming, palm-planted shores, and were warmly welcomed by a pleasant party of picnickers, avIio were invited with ourselves by Judge McCully to while away the sultry winter day with a cold lunch out of doors and a bracing
surf-bath afterwards in the blue waters of the calm Pacific.

In the waves along the beach, while we were at lunch (eating strawberries and cocoanut-milk) and within short stone-throw of our party, swam, dove, floated and.Avadeda native family, more than half nude, consisting, it was said, of a fisherman's household, himself (a wiry old fellow of fifty)? his helpmeet (a fat person of forty), two daughters (plump and pretty) and a son of fourteen (the rascal), with the most perfect unconsciousness and unconcern their brown backs, as smooth and polished as ebony, glistening in the red sunlight like stained glass.
To this day, we were told, the primitive peasantry of the islands cannot, with all the artful devices of civilization, be made to see why modern conventionality demands the burden of so many

Chronicling America
The Daily bulletin. (Honolulu [Hawaii]) 1882-1895, March 15, 1884, Image 4
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Pacific Commercial Advertiser
Honolulu, October 21, 1884, page 3.

Beckley's Report on her Visit to Molokai

We have been permitted to publish the following interesting report made to the Minister of Foreign Affairs by Mrs. Beckley, on her return from a holiday trip to Molokai:
"Your Excellency,
I obtained during my recent vacation on Molokai the following articles for the Museum:
An old surf-board has been promised me from Lahaina.
All the above things were given to me by people who would not sell them, being old family possessions."

Chronicling America
The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands) 1856-1888, October 21, 1884, WEEKLY EDITION, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Pacific Commercial Advertiser.,
Honolulu, April 15, 1885, page 3.

Social  and Personal.
Mrs. Macfarlane entertained a party of twenty-five at her Waikiki residence early this week.
The guests enjoyed themselves greatly surf-riding in native canoes, four of which were provided for the occasion.
Among the guests were several visitors from the Coast.

Chronicling America
The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands) 1885-1921, April 15, 1885, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Daily Bulletin.
Honolulu, April 20, 1885, page 3.

Howard Presbyterian Church on Mission street was filled last evening to the doors by an appreciative audience to hear a lecture by Rev. Robert Mackenzie on his recent tour to the Hawaiian Islands.

In describing the natives and their living habits, he stated that at a "luaw" he had eaten raw fish, which be now much preferred to cooked fish, and that he, and also several ladies, natives and now resident in the city, had eaten and much enjoyed live shrimps,
shells and all.
At the "luaw" he saw the little "hula hula" danced by two native chiefs, and called it a grand epic poem.
He praised the excellent behavior and kindly nature of the natives, describing them as too kind to live with Americans.
The surf bathing, singing, flower garland wearing, and other amusements popular in the Islands, were also fully depicted.
- San Francisco Call, April 10.

Chronicling America
The Daily bulletin. (Honolulu [Hawaii]) 1882-1895, April 20, 1885, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Pacific Commercial Advertiser
Honolulu, April 9, 1886, page 3.
Society Note.

Among the departing hotel guests by the Zealandia to-day for San Francisco are the Misses Hooker, Miss Nina Adams and Miss Grace Eldridge, together with Mr. Hooker, Mr. Knowles and Jno. Watson, who are traveling as one party.

The young ladies have been entertained by His Majesty the King and Queen and our best society people.
Among the entertainments were a native luau, given by their Majesties the King and Queen at the Royal boat-house ; a reception at the Palace, where they were presented by Colonel G. W. Macfarlane to His Majesty ; a large dancing party given by the Hon. S. G. Wilder ; a canoe and surf-riding party and dinner at Mr. Macfarlane's sea-side residence ; a bathing and luncheon party by Miss Irwin at Mr. A.V. G. Irwin's beautiful park residence ; a ladies' luncheon party by Mrs. Colonel Allen at Hon. C. R. Bishop's mansion ; ...

Chronicling America
The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands) 1885-1921, April 09, 1886, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:
The Daily Bulletin.
Honolulu, June 19, 1886, page 3.

Mrs. Jas. Dodd's birthday anniversary was celebrated last evening by a party at Mrs. Lemon's residence, Waikiki.

There were 21 young people present who spent the evening in surf-bathing, poi feasting and singing.
The party ended near midnight and was very enjoyable.
The guests wished birthday celebrations would occur every week.

Chronicling America
The Daily bulletin. (Honolulu [Hawaii]) 1882-1895, June 19, 1886, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853-1872)
Tuesday 15 March 1887 page 4, Illustrated Article.

Bathing Machines at Coogee.

IT is somewhat singular that bathing machines, although much very ordinary spectacles on the favorite beaches of the British Islands and the Continent, have only been introduced to the holiday-making Sydneyite very recently.

From the pencil of our artist we have a graphic sketch of the metamorphosis which has taken place on the sands of "Wave-worn Coogee", as Kendall has it.
We see the crisp waves foaming on the stainless sands; and, in the immediate background, the grey storm-defying promontory, crowned with a few windy trees, and terminating in a ridge of cruel dun colored rocks, amid the gulfs and hollows of which the ocean has moaned unceasingly, perhaps since the first day that dawned upon our planet.
For geologists tell us this is the oldest of the continents.
A truce, however, to prehistoric speculations !
Let us, before wending tramwards, notice the folks in the foreground.
Im- primis ; visible on the left is the grimy gentleman on horseback, who may be connected with the bathing machine, but is possibly the hotel ostler.
He seems a curious mixture of timidity and braggadocio.
Be sure, if he be the ostler, there will be some hilarious sport when "he urges on his wild career" into the surf.
We have been there; and, without wishing any special harm to the equestrian, have enjoyed the fun.
Presently, perhaps, you will notice a small crowd collect to watch the capering of the man and his faithful 'steed.
Then, conscious that he is the cynosure of all eyes, the rider will try to show his horsemanship.
But his Rosinante, like the boy in Mr. Pears' soap advertisement, may dislike a cold application, and hence antagonisms may arise. Finally, after a mutual exhibition, which rarely fails to interest a delighted audience, you will, perchance, see the reflective steed using his trump-card, lodging his discomfited rider in the "yeasty waves," and scampering homeward, probably conscious of having topsy-turvied the "otherside."
Near, there are the happy-hearted, rosy-cheeked children, who think that to be bare-footed on the sandy margin of the sea is to be indeed luxurious.
Not far away, behold madam, intent upon patronising the bathing machine ; and, in the immediate foreground, observe a brace of ladies, evidently criticising her costume as she disappears and resigns herself to the tender mercies of the old weatherbeaten janitor.
So that everyone appears pleased, and, when all return homeward, they feel invigorated by the unpolluted ozone of the sweet sea air, and the lovely surroundings of the charming seaside resort.

The Pacific Commercial Advertiser.
Honolulu, June 6, 1887, page 2.


On Saturday afternoon His Majesty the King gave a luau at his summer residence, Waikiki, in honor of Grand Master
Atkinson and the visiting Masons.
Soon after the guests arrived they went down to the beach and witnessed some surf-riding.
This was followed by the luau.

Chronicling America
The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands) 1885-1921, June 06, 1887, Image 2
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Daily Herald.
Honolulu, June 6, 1887, page 3.

The luau given by His Majesty to the visiting California Free Masons at Waikiki on Saturday was much enjoyed by the whole large party.

A very entertaining corollary was an exhibition of surf bathing.
The King spoke frequently and well at the feast.

Chronicling America
The daily herald. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands) 1886-1887, June 06, 1887, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Sacramento Daily Record-Union.
Sacramento, June 17, 1887, page 3.

His Majesty of Hawaii Entertains -Ye Sacramentains and Others.

The Pacific Commercial Advertiser of June 6, gives an account of the King of the Sandwiches entertaining our Sacramento and Masonic excursionists and others upon dishes peculiar to the Islanders.
It says:
On Saturday afternoon his Majesty the King gave a luau at his summer residence, Waikiki, in honor of Grand Master E. C. Atkinson and the visiting Masons.
A large lanai had been erected on the grounds, the interior of which was tastily decorated.
The Royal Hawaiian Band was present and discoursed sweet music throughout the afternoon.
Soon after the guests arrived they went down to the beach and witnessed some surf-riding.
This was followed by the luau.

Chronicling America
Sacramento daily record-union. (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, June 17, 1887, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Persistent link:

The Daily Bulletin.
Honolulu, June 25, 1887, page 3.
Several of the officers of the U. S. S. Adams were invited out to Waikiki, to-day, to join a surf-bathing party.

Chronicling America
The Daily bulletin. (Honolulu [Hawaii]) 1882-1895, June 25, 1887, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Bath Independent,
England, August 27, 1887, page 1.
Entertainments are now of a grand scale.
The king himself sets the fashion right royally at the palace.
Nor is his hospitality restricted to this.
I went with some ladies to a native feast- a "luau"given by him.
He was of dressed in the royal yellow with his wreaths of sweetly scented yellow flowers about his neck.
Personally he took us to his seaside and there gave us its freedom and from its windows pointed out to us the native skill at surfriding.

The feast itself was in Kapiolani Park.
The scene there was unique.
The food was served on mats stretched on the grass.
Poi, the national a sort ot paste made from taro served in calabashes,  fish raw and some slightly salted, sucking pig cooked under ground wrapped in large leaves, soft shell crabs ...
a kind of sea moss and beer and the two last an innovation at the
Behind the guests stood native girls dressed in like our Mother Hubbards and the common dress of the native waving large feather plumes to keep the flits and mosquitoes
At the head ot the long line of mats was the and about him four the prettiest of I
Here is where the royal privilege comes in.
And who would not exercise it.
And does it not do something to maintain a high standard of that it should on occasions like this receive the favors of royal commendation.
After the feast a cocoanut a race between a native and Samoan and th

Note: This report of Honolulu written by a Bath resident travelling in the Pacific.

Newspaper Archive

The Sun.
New York, August 28, 1887, page 9.
How the King Looked, and How the Bathers and Dancers Looked, Who Swam and Danced in Honor of him and his Guests.

HONOLULU Hawaii Aug. 18-
We have just returned from a feast given by the King in honor of a company of Masons numbering 100 that came here not long ago from California.
The feast was what the natives called a luau
The road to the King's country residence, where the luau was given, was so full of carriages us to remind one of the picture of Englishmen going to the Epsom races
The King's ground are at Waikiki, a  distance of three miles or so out of town along the beach.
When we reached the place we found a lot of seats on the wide lawn under the trees and a great many people occupying them.
The native band was furnishing very good music indeed.
Their selections were chiefly from "Erminie", the "Black Hussar" and "Amorita."

When the King made his appearance the band struck up the national hymn.
He was dressed in a white flannel suit, white canvass slippers, a hat made out of a pumpkin vine, and a le of yellow blossom about his neck.
Le  means necklace.
The people all doffed their hats to him as he came near.
He walked in among them and shook hands here and there cordially, and then invited everybody to go down to the beach and see a swimming exhibition.
He led the way to the beach himself thus:
He is about six feet tall, has broad shoulders and a really fine bearing and an intellectual countenance.
As we neared the beach we caught sight of the native swimmers.
When they saw the King and his company approach they ran into the surf carrying boards shaped like coffin lids.
Here is what we saw:

As soon as they had pasted out beyond the breaker into smooth water they mounted the boards by a sudden jump, and back they came riding on the curl of the breaker this fashion:

When one fell off as sometimes happened the rest laughed heartily at him.
The King being present, not many fell off.

After looking at the swimmers for a while the King invited his guests over to his house.

Chronicling America
The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, August 28, 1887, Image 9
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation
Persistent link:

1888 National Police Gazette : Sandwich Island Girl.
Extract from the National Police Gazette, August 18, 1888, pages 1 and 14.

The Daily Bulletin.
Honolulu, January 17, 1888, page 3

For San Francisco, per S S Australia, Jan 17
Mrs. Van Derblng and son, Miss E A Arms, Kuv L Hook, Mrs Al Hyman, child and nurse, ..., A H Smith,

Chronicling America

The Daily bulletin. (Honolulu [Hawaii]) 1882-1895, January 17, 1888, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Hawaiian Gazette.
Honolulu, February 28, 1888, page 4.

Mr. G. D. Gilman, of Boston, lately delivered an interesting lecture on the Hawaiian Islands profusely illustrated by the stereopticon before a large audience in the Boston Y.M.C.A. hall.
Public buildings, ancient grass houses, canoes, inter-island steamers, portraits of the royal family landscapes, surf riding, the Lords prayer in Hawaiian and volcano views were represented on the canvas.
A telephone pole in one of the views led the lecturer to state the fact that Honolulu had more
telephone subscribers in proportion to her inhabitants than any city except one m America.
The report in a Boston paper says the riding dresses of the ladies showed common sense which is rarely shown in this country on like occasions.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, February 28, 1888, Image 4
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

G. D. Gilman
Gorham Gilman had a long association with Hawaii.
He arrived in 1841, set up in business at Honolulu and was in partnership with Bolles in Lahaina.
In 1848, he went to California and returned to Lahaina in 1849 where he was a merchant. In 1862, he returned to Boston and was Hawaii’s consul there through the 1890s.

Post Office in Paradise

A stereopticon is a slide projector or "magic lantern", which has two lenses, usually one above the other. ... and were a popular form of entertainment and education before the advent of moving pictures.

wikipedia: Stereopticon

Various Newspapers, 1880-1888, and the National Police Gazette, August 18, 1888.
Sandwich Island Girl.

The Salt Lake Herald
August 30, 1888, page 3

A LARGE crowd went down yesterday to Ogden popular bathing resort, Syracuse.
The attraction was to be excursion given br Sandwich Island natives and the wonderful feats they were expected to perform in the water, their fame for aquatic achievements being known far and near.

Chronicling America
The Salt Lake herald. (Salt Lake City [Utah) 1870-1909, August 30, 1888, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library
Persistent link:

The Sydney Morning Herald
Saturday 13 October 1888, page 11.


The principal attraction at this exhibition yesterday was the cut-flower display.
The entries in all classes were numerous, and many of the exhibits reached a high standard of floral cultivation, and considerble artistic taste was shown in arrangement and decoration.
In the sections for girls attending school there was a magnificent display of flower-baskets and table, hand, button-hole bouquets and floral devices.
The arrangements in the annexe were excellent.
Along the top were the loan exhibits, and the entries for competition were displayed below on the one side in turf and on the other among the foliage and greenery.
In one of the Centennial stalls in this department, is a selection of native women's work from Samoa.
The collection, which has been got together by Mrs. J. E. Newell, the wife of one of the missionaries, includes, among other articles, chief's dress with belt, different garments, hats, and some specimens of coral.
On the opposite side of the central space a case is being erected by Mr. Hoffnung, for the display of a number of curios and valuable articles, which have been lent by the Hale Nana or Archaeological Society of Honolulu for the Melbourne Exhibition.
Mr. Hoffnung has decided to show them at the present Exhibition before forwarding them to Victoria.
Among the collection are the following:-  Royal feather cape restored, feather bed quilt, cloak cape and two pillow-cases, two native red and white topees, two native nuhau mats, dining mat, cocoanut wooden bowl,  two stone idols, two wooden fish gods, tobgganing-sleigh for women, hair booth necklaces, round awa bowl, wooden plates, finger bowls, and spittoon, assorted sizes of wooden poi calabash belonging to a famous monarch, dogs'-teeth ankle ornament, stone adze and side axe, rough unpolished adze, women's and men's stone poi powder,  a stone mortar, with powder for medicine, stone dye containers, stone plate and lamp, an unpolished poi calabash, sting slug (an implement of war), ballot balls, a spear made of kanwils wood, pair of rough ti-leaf sandals, primitive telephone instrument, invented in 1806; a dancing and a small auxiliary drum, box of 37 tapa-pounders, carrier stick for bearing burdens, miniature single and double outrigger canoes, ornamented and unornamented water gourd, calabashes and unornamented spitoon calabash "for common people," textile fibre, scrapers and board of the olono, short war club, fine mesh net made of tho olona, ball and twine of the olona fibre, bamboo flute, small nose flute of gourd and miniature native hut, wooden tapa blocks with rough samples of tapa, gourd dancing instrument, bundle of bamboo tapa prints, samples of native tapa clothes, Hawaiian checker board with white and black pebbles, the board perforated with small holes to designate the pieces of the pebbles placed as alternatively as white and black with holes throughout the board, and used as Kriege-spiel or war game board and diplomacy; cocoanut wooden dagger, surf-ridding board, and wooden hook.
Hanging from the central dais is a magnificent  Fijian mat made by native women.
It has been presented to Lady Carrington by Miss Annie Buttel as a contribution to the Exhibition.


P3259 Catalogue, 'Centennial International Exhibition 1888-1889, Melbourne', Mason, Firth & McCutcheon, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1888-1889 (OF).

Read more:
Under Creative Commons License: Attribution Non-Commercial

The image below, circa 1911, illustrates a collection of Polynesian antiquities similar to those displayed at the 1888 Exhibition of Womens' Industries, detailed above.
Note the "surf-ridding board" on the right.

Bisho, Joseph R.: 
In the Curio Shops.
The Mid-Pacific Magazine 
Published by 
Alexander Hume Ford, 
Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii, 
Volume 1, Number 5, 
May,1911, page 559.

Australian Town and Country Journal
NSW, Saturday 27 October 1888, page 33 (886).

 The Women's Exhibition


A large show case near the centre of the hall has been for some days a source of attraction to the curious and studiously inclined in ethnology.
It contains a number of exhibits forwarded, through Mr. Hoffnung, by the King of the Hawaiian Islands.
These comprise specimens of native skill in the manu facture of articles, warlike, industrial, and domestic, and are all of more than passing interest.
The most striking articles in the case are a handsome cape, used for the adornment of kingly shoulders, and a magnificent bed quilt and pillow covers.
Each of these articles is made of feathers ; thouaanda upon thousanda of red, blaok, and yellow shining particles of plumage of a uniform size being used in their manufacture.
Infinite patience and great skill must have been brought to bear before such hand some and artistic creations could have been completed.
No doubt a Hawaiian warrior in full dress would be an interesting and resplendent figure when attired in the panoply of war, as the sunlight would throw a magnificent sheen on the silky surface of such a feather mantle as the one exhibited.
The counter pane is large and oblong in shape, and is equally handsóme; the feathers being arranged to form a pattern.
Squares of yellow feathers relieve the dark ground, and give a finish to the article.
The pillow corers are made to match the quilt in every particular.
An immense poi bowl of highly polished wood ie an interesting object, from its immense proportions and beautiful finish.

Numbers of decoration orders, pertaining to Hawaii are also on view, consisting of The Companion of Kalakana, Commander of the Crown of Hawaii, the Star of Oceana, and the Grand Officer of Kalakana.
According to the catalogue the case contains sixty-seven exhibits, which it would be a difficult matter to classify.
Numbers of domestic utensiles are interesting, such as the round awa bowl, large and small wooden plattere, cocoanut wooden bowls, various sized wood poi calabashes, finger bowls, spittoons, dining mats, atone poi pounders, poi calabas, stone pounder and mortar, lamp, and stone axe and edge.
Many other articles there are in stone, such as plates, dye holders, sling slug, &o. ; and among warlike implements may be seen a spear of Kanwila wood, a short war club, and a cocoanut wood dagger.

In musioal instruments we see drums, large and small, a gourd dancing instrument, and bamboo flutes.
There are stone balls, used for bowling purposes, and a chequer. board, which is perforated with small holes instead of painted squares ; and small black and white pebbles are used for pieces in playing.
It is oalled " krieg spiel," or war game.

There are various kinds of native mats, sandals usod by the common people, a dog's teeth anklet, and a box of tapa pounders ; stone idols, wooden fish gods, kukuiand ivory necklaces, oarrier sticks to bear burdens, floor-aorapera, and samples of fibre, with beautifully made fish nets and specimens of twine and cordage.
A curious object is a surf-riding board.
Then there is a sleigh, used for sliding on the grass- a game as exoiting as the Canadian tobogganing.
A variety of pieces of native cloth, hammered out from the bark of the mulberry tree, are excellent specimens of ingenuity and skill.
The most sur [ prising exhibit of all these strange and peculiar things is a primitive telephone, which invention baa been in Common use in the Hawaiian Islands einoe 1806, very much to the credit of this intelligent race of people. \

Australian Town and Country Journal , NSW, Saturday 27 October 1888, page 33 (886).

Clarksville Evening Chronicle
Tennessee, November 28, 1888, page 1.

At Atlantic City.
Atlantic City. N. J., Nov. as.
The terrific wind and hail storm which began Monday morning continued all through the night with increasing fury, spreading destruction from end to end of the ocean boulevard.
The buildings which succumbed
 to the terrific onslaught of the waves yesterday were the United States photograph gallery, Mott's pavilion, Clenumi' shell store and a number of small shanties, all between Jersey and Virginia avenues.
During the night the work of  went on without interruption, and this morning the list of property destroyed includes Jackson's bath houses and pavilions, which are now fast going to pieces; Adams' bath houses, Johnson's bath homes, the United States bath houses and all the smaller booths and pavilions in that vicinity.
The hall way house has been lifted entirely from
its foundations and will probably go to pieces.
At the inlet the destruction it; gen
era), and efforts were made to save all valuable property.
The new wharf of the
Yachtsmen association and other wharves have been demolished.
A number of people who were watching the sea were swept off the board walk into the surf.
All were rescued sane F. C. Man

uol, who was carried, far out with a receding wave
He grasped a floating plank and was
violently dashed in with the next swell.
was badly bruised, and almost choked with the surf and sand.

Chronicling America
Clarksville evening chronicle. (Clarksville, Tenn) 1886-1890, November 28, 1888, Image 1
Image and text provided by University of Tennessee
Persistent link:

The Sydney Morning Herald
 Saturday 16 March 1889, page 7.


In a special article on Samoa I dealt with the present condition of affairs there.
In this I shall write of what befel after leaving Tonga, ...
The only addition to our passenger list at Tonga were a couple of natives, to whom I «hall refer for certain reasons in my Tongan article.
But we bear away from Tutuila, and it fades into the soft sky, and Nunlua and Upolu islands come in view.
All the morning we draw nearer and nearer to them.
Smaller islands appear as we begin to skirt at last the long surf-washed coast of Upolu leaving its bowl-shaped mountain sentinel behind.
 By noon of the Sunday that wo got into Apia all the passengers, white, and rod, and black, had come out of their hiding-places, and were leaning over the ship's side feasting upon the air from the land.
We can now make out the telea tree, the orange and the broad-fruit tioei, the banana and the lime.
We can see the natives pushing their boats out in the surf, some to come to up, and some to engage in the exciting sport of surf-riding.
We have taken our pilot on board, and we ride, flags flying, through the break in the coral reef into the harbour of Apia.

Sometimes one met a native girl dressed in full European costume, or rather in a kind of loose dress known among us as " Mother Hubbard," and a more or less aristocratic-looking hat and parasol.
One got over being shocked in Apia very quickly, just as one gets used to tho nude in an art gallery if one has any foolish shrinkings at first.
For on crossing the little river I spoke of before, that runs into the sea, I saw bathing in it just above the bridge a half-score of dusky maidens innocent of lava lava, or Mother Hubbard, or umbrella, or anything else.
You cannot flee from this sort of thing in Apia.
The next day, in the interior, the same thing occurred in crossing the same river.
No ; you begin to train your mind to Edenic conditions, and by-and-bye you wonder why it is you don't go in a lava lava yourself, ...

The Sydney Morning Herald, Saturday 16 March 1889, page 7.

The Hawaiian Gazette.
Honolulu, April 30, 1889, page 12.

Lengthy Monday Morning List
Appeal to Supreme Court

The following were fined or forfeited for drunkenness:
Pauaka, John,Ahia Kaluahine, Makauli, A. Luis Mann, Charles Kaulia, Lona Makakoa, George Harrigan, Calama, Louis Eddy, Amai, Sam Kauoe, Sakai, Kalili, Akoa, Beka, Henry Ryners, Kakaio, John Gomes and Hailama.

Chronicling America
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, April 30, 1889, Image 12
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

The Daily Bulletin.
Honolulu, May 27, 1889, page 3.


The surf at Waikiki ran exceptionally high yesterday, probably on account of the southerly wind.
Long Branch bath-house was well patronized as was also the toboggan slide,
Twenty or more native youngsters, on surf boards, rode the huge breakers handsomely, making an interesting picture.

Chronicling America
The Daily bulletin. (Honolulu [Hawaii]) 1882-1895, May 27, 1889, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

Los Angeles Daily Herald 
August 18, 1889, page 12.

A. H. Smith, formerly of the Sandwich Islands, now of Pomona, has or
ganized a "Surf Board Club" at the later town, and is having a number of the Hawaiian surf boats made to use among the breakers at Santa Monica.
Mr. and Mrs Smith went down to Santa Monica yesterday to make a first trial.

Chronicling America
Los Angeles daily herald [microform]. (Los Angeles [Calif.]), 18 Aug. 1889.
Image provided by: University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Persistent link:

Table Talk
Melbourne,  4 October 1889, page 16.
Miss Olive Berkley.

Miss Olive Berkley, the clever child representative of Little Lord Fauntleroy and who has just arrived in Melbourne is nine years of age, and has a stage experience of five years.

Commencing with several "child" parts in the United States of America- where she was born, she passed on to London, where she has been for the last two years.
Her impersonation of' Little Lord Fauntleroy created great interest in all the clubs and drawing rooms last winter, and the young performer was welcomed and petted by all the leading social, artistic, and generally smart people of London.
On March 11, of this year she recited at the Royal Albert Hall, under-the patronage of the Prince of Wales.
For all this she has remained quite, unspoiled, and has not lost anything of her childlike simplicity.
Her chief delight is to get hold of one of Dicken's novels, and pore over it to her hearts content.

1889 'Miss Olive Berkley.', Table Talk (Melbourne, Vic. : 1885 - 1939), 4 October, p. 16. , viewed 19 Apr 2016,

The Daily Bulletin.
Honolulu, October 11, 1889, page 3.

Mr. Jas. T. Sherwood still runs the Long Branch baths in good shape.
Those wanting a first-rate surf bath are sure of all the accessories for comfort at this establishment.

Chronicling America
The Daily bulletin. (Honolulu [Hawaii]) 1882-1895, October 11, 1889, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link:

15 March 1887 :
17 June 1887 :
28 August 1887 :
18 August 1888 :
13 October 1888 :
27 May 1889 :
Bathing Machines, Coogee.
Royal Luau, Waikiki.
Kalakaua's Surfboard Riders, Waikiki.
Sandwich Island Girl, New Jersey.
Surfboard Exhibit, Sydney.
Surf Report, Waikiki.


Return to Surfer Bio menu
home catalogue history references appendix

Geoff Cater (2010-2016) : Newspapers : 1880-1889.