newspapers : 1860-1869
Newspapers : 1860-1869.
Honolulu, May 26, 1860, page 2.
The Birthday of the
Prince of Hawaii.
On Monday last, the good people of Honolulu went to work to
enjoy themselves in that determined and emphatic manner which
they know so well how to display when they set about it.
The Canoe Race.
No sooner was the boat race over than the canoes, six in
number, started to run over the same course as the boats in the
This was a new feature in the spirts of the day, and, in
fact, in Hawaiian sports of any kind since the times when the
canoe and the surf-board were household words in Hawaii nei, and
synonyms with strength and litheness.
The prize run for was a purse of $50, which was won by a
canoe owned by the King and pulled by five fishermen, some of
whom might have handled the paddle in the days of
Kamehameha the Great.
Polynesian. (Honolulu [Oahu], Hawaii) 1844-1864, May 26, 1860,
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa;
Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015408/1860-05-26/ed-1/seq-2/
Union County Star and Lewisburg
January 17, 1862, page 1.
From the Linn Riles
evening about 8 o'clock
it's all right, quiet," and at once the enfusion appeared to
returned reporting that he had rescued four men, three
clinging to the surf-boards and one to the wheel, nearly
Some one on
the steamer had given the order to start it up, just as he
arrived ; he called to them to stop.
A man in his
shirt-sleeves on the steamer asked him, "Who the devil are
If I had you
by the throat I'd show you who I am."
him to stop, saved the man clinging to the wheel and others
Union County star and Lewisburg
chronicle. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1859-1864, January 17, 1862, Image 1
Image and text provided by Penn State
University Libraries; University Park, PA
Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038443/1862-01-17/ed-1/seq-1/
This early and
most obscure report apparently (the document is barely legible),
records the sinking of a Union vessel and subsequent rescue of
some of the crew, one supported by the wheel (as flotsom) and
"three clinging to the surf-boards."
Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News
26 August 1864, page 2.
NOTES ON THE ABORIGINES OF THE DISTRICT OF THE GLENELG.
With the aborigines of the Glenelg district, I was never fortunate
enough to obtain a friendly interview ; nor have I myself seen
them very closely. Some members of our party (1863), however, were
forced Into conflict with them on one occasion. Their camping
places, their shell-engraving, some of their weapons, and moi'e of
their ordinary implements alford an insight, limited it is true,
into their disposition
and mode of life,
To a wandering habit they seem as prone as the natives of the
southern shores of Australia ; they do not display that terror of
often observed even in the settled districts of the Colony: these
natives travel at night occasionally by choice; nor is this much
to be wondered at when we remember how cool and pleasant
night-travelling must be, to a people thoroughly acquainted with
this country. But it would appear from the examination of old
encampments that they travel only in large companies or tribes:
not frequently, but periodically. The physical geography of the
district indicates at once the necessity for these regular changes
of locality. Daring the summer or rainy season, all the luxuriant
low country through which the Glenelg River and its more
tributaries flow, as well as the majority of the values, are
either inundated or so circumscribed by the overflowing of the
streams, as to compel the abundant game to change their pasture
ground from the lowlands to the hill». Thither, therefore, the
aboriginal must follow, or incur great labor to procure his
sustenance. Accordingly the cave habitations of the higher
country, e.g. those on the watershed of the streams flowing into
the Glenelg and Prince Regent's river, are now tenanted with
numerous families who here find their food driven, like
themselves, from the lower country. At the termination of the
first or down-pouring summer rains, when the earth is again elad
with the most luxuriant verdure, the game disperse over the wide
spread pastures and tli
natives then revisit the sea-coast and the river' shore, where
fish and an entire change of food await them. Somewhat later in
the spring, towards,the end of April, the sandy beaches of the
islands and the main claim a visit, if only to collect the rich
food stored for them by the turtle ; for this purpose, the native
refitted, and islands and distant sand-beaches must re-echo the
mirth and gladness of a people rejoicing in a most primitive and
simple modo of life. To some of the smaller islands in
Collier Bay, it is probable, from the finding of old shells,
species of either Strombus or Triton, of an enormous
size,-frequently l8 inches in length, with a capacity of nearly
ono gallon, they are obliged to carry water to their feasting
places ; at one of these sites remains of turtle carapaces and
eggs, pods of the indigenous beans and peas, bones of birds, fish
and kan- garoo amply testify to. the abundance and varied
character of food supply on these festive occasions.
At all their camping-places wo obsei'ved cracking stones, left as
last used, the smaller upon the largor; these stones are used for
breaking the harder kind of nuts, those of tile palm, for
instance, as well as for the more intricate varieties of
shell-fish-Trochus and Murex-which defy the simple means of ex-
traction which serve in the case of oysters, mussels, and other
bivalves. Every encamp- ment includes many separate fire-plaees,
with at least one pair of cracking stones at each, and beds,
consisting either of a few tulls of grass pulled up by the roots,
or, more rarely, a piece or two of the cajeputi or other bark,
affording sleeping accommodation for 5 or 6 individuals around
each fire. In one instance upwards of one hundred of these
fire-places were counted in one group, extending over nearly threo
quarters of a mile of ground ; and by every . indication, they
were of the same date. Only three huts, worthy of the name, were
seen throughout the whole district ; and rehmins of only one rude
shelter of boughs placed slant ingly against a horizontal pole..
The remains of the kind of food used at the vartious camping
places clearly indicate the season of the year when each site has
In the construction of their rafts, on which Ihey cross wide
inlets of the sea and rivers subject to great tidal influences,
they show a greater degree of skill than natives dwelling only a
few degrees of latitude to the southward. These rafts are made of
either mangrove OB palm poles about 7 or 8 feet in length ; the
diameter of the thicker end is about 3^ inches ; both ends of the
poles are nicely sharpened with l their keen-edged stone axes, and
sticks are selected when the raft is constructed, as are naturally
bent to the required shape. The poles vary in number from 3 to 9 ;
and in the case of the rafts that fell into.our possession, they
are fastened together with pegs of pine. About the centre of the
raft, a larger pine peg projects on either side to a distance ol
about 7 inches : this is used as a support to the feet of the
native mariner. These rafts, are so light that a single individual
can easily carry them. A very rude single or double-bladed paddle
ia used to propel them. There was no attempt at decoration to be
perceived in those we found. (See Journal, 30th July, 1863.) On
the larger rafts, those of 9 poles, two or three adults might
safely cross such rivers as the Glenelg and Prince Regent's, and
even, under favourable circumstances, Collier and other Bays.
Their arms consist of stone-headed spears, which Sir George Groy
states " they throw with great strength and precision;"-the womera
or throwing stick,-the kiley, an in- ferior kind of
bomerang,-clubs, aud stone hatchets.
In a knowledge of the practice of the fine arts, sculpture
(intaglio), painting and en- graving, they very far excel all
aboriginal tribes at present known upon this vast island. As to
the last mentioned, engraving, if specimens, somewhat inferior, it
is true, had not been found commonly in the possession of the
tribes about Roebuck Bay, I must have attributed them, as articles
of barter, to the islanders of the Arafura and other neighbouring
seas. One specimen exhibits a neatly engraved portrait of a native
man decorated with the war symbol,-a half- moon figure, in white,
covering the forehead and extending down to the zygomaj. The other
is what might be termed a right-lined arabesque, composed of 3, 4,
and 5 sided figures, of two or more serieB of parallel lines,
beautifully blended in a lace-like pattern. Both engra- vings are
on the pearl-oyster shell of the coast,, cut to a depth of about
.025 of an inch, and filled up with a black pigment, composed of
gum and charcoal.
With regard to painting and sculpture our information is due to
Sir G. Grey. Our line of travelling did not, during either of our
visits to the district, lead to the discovery of fresh specimens,
or conduct us to the sites of those localities already described.
This is Grey's account of the specimen of sculpture :-" I waa
moving on, when we observed the profile of a human face and head
cut out in a sand-stone
rock which fronted the cave ; this rock was so . hard, that to
have removed such a large por- tion of it with no better tool than
a knife and hatchet made of stone, such as the Australian, natives
generally possess, would have been a work of very great labor. The
head was two feet in length, and sixteen inches in breadth in the
broadest part ; the depth of the profile in- creased gradually
from the edges where it was nothing, to the centre where it was an
inch and a half ; the ear was rather badly placed, but otherwise
the whole of the work was good, and far superior to what a savage
race could be sup- posed capable of executing. Vol. 1. p. 205-6,
Of the native paintings discovered on the roof an vails of caves,
the same traveller
On page 3
writes (the quotation is abridged) " I suddenly saw a most
extraordinary figure peering down upon me. Upon examination, this
proved to be a drawing at the entrance to a cave, which, on
entering, I found to contain, besides, many remarkable paintings.
On the sloping roof, the principal figure was drawn ; in order to
produce the greater effect, the rock about it was painted black,
and the figure itself colored with the most vivid red and white.
It thus appeared to stand out from the rock ; and I was certainly
rather surprised at the moment I first saw this gigantic head and
upper part of a body bending over and staring grimly down at me."
" Its head was encircled by bright red rays ; some- thing like the
rays which one sees proceeding from the sun, when depicted on the
sign-board of a public house ; inside of this carno a broad stripe
of very brilliant red, which was coped by lines of white, but both
inside and outside of this red space, were narrow striped of a
still deeper red, intended probably to mark its boundaries ; the
face was painted vividly white, and the eyes black, being however
surrounded by red and yellow lines ; the body, hands, and arms
were outlined in red,-the body being curiously painted with red
stripes and bars."
" Upon the rock which formed the left hand wall of this cave, and
which partly faced you on entering, was a very singular painting,
vividly colored, representing four heads joined together. From the
mila expression of the countenances, I imagined them to represent
females, and they appeared to be drawn in such a manner, and in
such a position, as to look up at the principal figure which I
have before de- scribed; each had a very remarkable head- dress,
colored with a deep bright blue, and one had a necklace on. Both
of the lower figures had a sort of dress, painted with red in the
same manner as that of the principal figure, and one of them had a
band round her waist.
Each of the four faces was marked by a totally distinct expression
of countenance, and although none of them had mouths, two, I
thought, were otherwise rather good looking. The whole painting
was executed on a white ground."
" The next most remarkable drawing in the cave was an ellipse, 3
feet by 1ft. lOin. ; the outside line was of a deep blue color,
the body of a bright 3'ollow dotted over with red lines and spots,
whilst across it ran two transverse lines of blue. Upon this
ground there was a kangaroo in the act of feeding, two stone spear
heads, and two black balls ; one of the spear- heads was flying to
the kangaroo, and one away from it ; so that the whole subject
probably constituted a sort of charm by which the luck of an
enquirer in killing game could bo ascertained."
" There was another rather humorous sketch which represented a
native in the act of carry- ing a kangaroo. Height of the man, -3
feet. The number of drawings in the cave could not altogether have
heen less than fifty or sixty."
" Another very striking piece of art was ex- hibited in the little
cloomy cavities situated at the back of the main cavern. The stamp
of a hand and arm waa by some means transferred to a rock: this
outline of the hand and arm was then painted black, and the rock
about it white, so that on entering that part of the cave, it
appeared as if a human hand and arm were projecting through a
crevice admitting light."
From a cave south of Grey's ford across the Upper Glenelg, on the
roof, " the principal painting was the figure of a man 10 feet G
inches in length, clothed from the chin down- wards in a red
garment, which reached to to the wrists and ankles ; beyond this
red dress the feet and hands protruded, and were badly
executed. The face and head of the li ure were enveloped in a
succession, circular of bandages or rollers.or whatappeared to be
painted to represent such. These were colored red, yellow, and
white ; and the eyes were the only features represented on the
face. Upon the highest bandage or roller, a series of lines were
painted in red, but although so regularly done as to indicate that
they have some meaning, it was impossible to tell whether they
were intended to depict written characters, or some ornament for
the head. This figure brings to mind the description of the
Prophet Ezekicl, chap, xxiii., 14, 15."
"Two other instances of Australian caves, w'lich contain
paintings, have been recorded. The first is by Captain Flinders
and the second by Mr. Cunningham in King's voyage. The caves found
by Flinders in Chasm Island, in the Gulf of Carpentaria ; those
found by Mr. Cunningham were on Clack's Island, N.E. coast of
" In the painted caves on the N.W. coast, five colors were used :
red, an ochre, several shades'; yellow, an ochre, blue, probably
of vegetable origin ; black, charcoal ; and white, a pipe-clay.
With the exception of the blue these colors are all known to the
natives of the whole continent. They are all mixed with a resinous
gum insoluble in water." Vol. 1, 202-264.
These natives are in the habit of cutting rude and imperfect
figures upon the bark of trees, as do the natives of Australia
generally, But in the vicinity of Brecknock Harbor, in several
instances, we observed some remarkable outlines of alligators,
kangaroos, &c" more carefully executed. The baobab (Adansonia
Gregorii) seems to be the favorite tree for the receiving of these
pictorial outlines ; the selec- tion may¡ arise, perhaps, from
their experience of the permanency of such works when carved upon
this tree. On one, near the north-eastern base of Mount Lookover,
in Brecknock Harbor, an aboriginal artist, at some remote date,
has depicted a somewhat caricatured delineation of two alligators.
These outlines, although rude and exaggerated, are in some details
correct to an unexpected degree ; for example, the artist has
carefully distinguished the five carpáis from the four tarsah, an
evidence of accuracy scarcely to be looked for ; the more so
because, this work, compared with the more elaborate and highly
finished paintings and shell engravings, is apparently the
production of an amateur or a tyro. The outlines themselves are
clear, and were deeply cut in the original bark, which has been
replaced by a growth of a much darker color; they now have the
appearance of being done in relievo. Much cannot be said in'praise
of the perspective : nor is the alligator with the open mouth an
evidence of study from the life.
In their form and appearance these natives «nay he described as
tall, more robust and muscular than the aborigines of the southern
districts, they are also broad-shouldered and have large heads
with overhanging brows. They do not seem to use the symbol of man
hood-the extraction of a front tooth-so generally observed among
tribes of the south- west and interior ; but the fashion of
coarsely tattooing their bodies prevails. The hair is , generally
worn gathered up in a knot at the back of the head. They wear no
clothing. At the affray near George Water each man carried a
bundle of very long spears and a womera. The only opportunity I
had to observe their voices, occurred on our homeward passage
through George Water in 1863, when the cooeeing of the native
women on the beach J struck me as peculiarly soft and musical.
They make a strong bark rope, We met with no instance of the
almost white individuals, seen at two distant parts of the coast,
by Grey and the officers of H.M.S. heagle. (May not this variation
of color be attributed to occasional intercourse with the Malays
1864 'NOTES ON THE ABORIGINES OF THE DISTRICT OF THE GLENELG.',
The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (WA
: 1848 - 1864), 26 August, p. 2, viewed 18 September, 2014,
Honolulu, April 29, 1868, page 4.
THE VOLCANO !
April 6, 1868.
last, April 2nd, as I was riding from Makuu to Hilo, and was
in Panaewa woods, about 3 1/2 to 4 miles from the latter
place, another shock of earthquake occurred at 3:45 P.M., by
my watch, (some minutes after 4 by Hilo watches).
This was the
heaviest shock we had yet experienced.
At Punaluu, at
the moment of the shock, it seemed as if an immense quantity
of lava had been discharged into the sea some distance from
the shore, for almost instantly a terrible commotion arose,
the water boiling and tossing furiously.
afterwards, a tremendous wave was sweeping up on the shore,
and when it receded, there was nothing left of Punaluu! Every
house, the big stone church, even tbe cocoanut trees all but
two were washed away.
The num ber of
lives lost is not yet ascertained.
All who were
out fishing at the time perished, and many of those ashore.
A big chasm
opened, running from the sea up into the mountain, down which
it is said lava, mud, trees, ferns and rocks were rushing out
into the sea.
The same wave
that swept away Punaluu, also destroyed the villages of
Ninole, Kawaa and Honuapo.
Not a house
remains to mark the site of these places, except at Honuapo,
where a small "hale halawa" on the brow of the hill, above the
village, still stood on Friday last.
cocoannt grove at Honuapo, was washed away, as well as that at
A part of the
big pali at Honuapo, on tbe road to Waiohinu, had tumbled into
the sea, and people coming from thence are now obliged to take
the mountain road through Hillea-uka.
I have just
been told an incident that occurred at Ninole, during the
inundation of that place.
At the time of
the shock on Thursday, a man named Holoua, and his wife, ran
out of the house and started for the hills above, but
remembering the money he had in the house, the man left his
wife and returned to bring it away.
Just as he had
entered the house the sea broke on the shore, and, enveloping
the building, first washed it several yards inland, and then,
as the wave receded, swept it off to sea, with him in it.
powerful man, and one of the most expert swimmers in that
region, he succeeded in wrenching off a board or a rafter, and
with this as a papa hee-nalu, (surf board), he boldly
struck out for the shore, and landed safely with the return
consider the prodigious height of the breaker on which he rode
to the shore, (50, perhaps 60, feet), the feat seems almost
incredible, were it not that he is now alive to attest it, as
well as the people on the hillside who saw him.
gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, April 29,
1868, Image 4
Image and text
provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Pacific Commercial Advertiser.
OF THE WEEK.
Honolulu, August 7, 1869, page 3.
On Monday last the trades freshened, and before dark were
blowing a gale, which continued up to Wednesday night.
The schooners Nettie Merrill, Ka Moi,
Active, and Odd Fellow sailed for Maui during
Monday, and experienced the full force of the gale during the
night and following day.
The Nettie Merrill,
Capt. Cluney, reached Lahaina at 11 o'clock Tuesday forenoon,
and found a heavy swell setting in from tbe southward, which
broke across the entrance to the landing, rendering it unsafe
to land the cargo.
On Wednesday morning the captain made an attempt to land some
small packages, but his boat was upset by the rollers.
The captain and crew of the boat made an effort to swim
ashore, but found it impossible on account of the undertow.
A boat was manned and put out from the beach, and was sterned
into the breakers several times, but could not reach the now
almost exhausted men.
The captain succeeded in getting hold of a floating package,
and holding it before him used it as natives would a surf
board, and the next roller carried him within reach of the
We are glad to be able to record that no lives were lost.
The Ka Moi passed in sight of Lahaina
on Wednesday morning, the Odd Fellow at noon, and the
Active reached Lahaina the same day.
The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu,
Hawaiian Islands) 1856-1888, August 07, 1869, Image 3
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa;
Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1869-08-07/ed-1/seq-3/
Cater (2010-2016) : Newspapers : 1860-1869.