home catalogue history references appendix 
newspapers : 1939 

Newspaper Extracts : 1939.


The Age
Melbourne, 2 January 1939, page 3.

On The Beach At Lorne

Misses Vivian Bartlett , Betty Jewel and Joan Smallhorn
 ready for a tussle with the surf.

1939 'On The Beach At Lorne', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 2 January, p. 3. , viewed 06 Jul 2016,

The Argus
Melbourne, 4 January 1939, page 3.

SURF and the sun at
Miss Mavis Trevorrow using her surf-
board as a shield against a fresh breeze.

1939 'No title', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 4 January, p. 3. , viewed 06 Jul 2016,

The Age
Melbourne, 4 January 1939, page


Betty and Edna Humphrey carrying their surf board to the beach at Torquay.

1939 'HOLIDAY SCENES FROM VICTORIA'S SOUTHERN COASTLINE', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 4 January, p. 6. , viewed 06 Jul 2016,

Sydney, 11 January 1939, page 8


We illustrate the Australian National Travel advertisement which appeared in a recent issue of the "Illustrated London News."
The main part of the advertisement appears to advertise an Australian sky.
The drawing of the figure on the surf board is also obviously out of proportion- the head being much too large.
 It seems that such costly space could have been used to much better advantage in advertising.

1939 'ADVERTISING AUSTRALIA.', Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), 11 January, p. 8. , viewed 14 Aug 2016,

The Argus
Melbourne, 14 January 1939, page 5.

Patience and Skill are Needed Before You Become Expert at This Fascinating Game
By A.J.B.

As you leisurely view the stretch of clean ocean beach, with the long lines of rollers rhythmically advancing, breaking, and creaming in with lazy power, you feel the pleasant warmth of the sun playing upon your body, no longer covered by layers of clothes.
You inhale the air that is so extraordinarily invigorating.
You may well be pardoned if you approach the water with complete confidence that its steady force will inevitably sweep you in thrillingly without any appreciable effort of your own.
You pause at the edge- the nip of the water has surprised you- and rove your eye over the bathers "in action."
There are the usual "flounderers," who splash aimlessly about and seem to get nowhere.
 Farther out, in some sort of alignment, are bathers with surf-boards
They wait expectantly.
A promising roller approaches, shows its white crest, and breaks.
Some "surf boarders" are left in its wake, the others are carried various distances from a yard or so to 50 or 60 yards into shallow water.
The same wave affects people so differently!
Turning your attention to other bathers shooting the breakers with apparent ease without boards, you decide that you will join their ranks, leaving such "crutches" to those who feel their need.
There it comes- a beauty, rising and rising as if  to break.
Poised, you wait.
It has reached you, and you spring forward.
Giant hands seem to have you in their grasp.
You are twisted this way and that, lifted-then, dumped!
You lose a certain amount of breath, and ship in its place some seawater highly charged with sand.
For good measure you are rolled about a bit, then freed to eject foreign matter from your mouth, collect your scattered senses- and reflect.
Yes, it is a little humiliating to find that the experts didn't take that wave.
Never mind: here comes another.
In you go!
What, you've only gone a few yards, and petered out, while others are still travelling, heads projecting like so many coconuts?
There must be more to the business than meets the eye.
A friend offers you a board.
You accept it with an air of casualness calculated to disguise your real eagerness for its support.
You grip it firmly and turn to see a particularly determined looking wave bearing down upon you.
Quick decision is called for- if you try to stand your ground and let it pass, you will probably be ignominiously swept off your feet plus board, and buffeted unmercifully as you were before.
The alternative- which you adopt;- is to point the board quickly beachward, mount it, and hope for the best.
Almost at once the board tilts forward at about 45deg.
Like a bolt from the blue you speed ahead In a mass of foam.
By sheer luck, and without realising it, you have timed your start to a nicety.
You are conscious of passing other surfers at a great rate; you glimpse a rising form ahead, collision appears inevitable.
You veer to the left, the form desperately dodges, you shoot past with a fraction to spare; on through a forest of legs now, gliding in more steadily in
shallower water toward the edge.
A jolt as the board grounds, you swivel round, the spent wave sucks back, twisting you again, and you stagger to your feet a little confused, but nevertheless with the air of one who has achieved no mean feat.
Sure now that you have a flair for this sort of thing, you return boldly for another, run in.
It is surely not your imagination- several surfers who have no doubt watched your successful ride seem to be observing you with interest and not a little envy.
Well, you will show them!
Easier said than done!
Your next three attempts "misfire."
This is bad enough, but you can't explain why.
Then, without any apparent reason, you have a second good run.

If you have the patience, the time, the skill, and the opportunity, you may eventually be able to ride a surf ski like this Bondi (N.S.W.) boy.
[Not Shown]

There must be more to this business of surfing
than meets the eye.

These two bathers seem to have mastered the art of shooting the breakers, but it takes time-and patience!

The edge of your satisfaction is somewhat blunted at the next attempt, when you inexplicably find yourself under the board instead of upon it.
By now you are feeling the effects of your struggles.
Determined to finish on a high note, you exert yourself to the utmost.
Exasperatingly, the more you try the less successful you are.
Then, when about to give up in despair, off you go again in a ride more thrilling than the first.
The board bumps up and down delightfully, and you make the grade in great style, adroitly avoiding the bump near the edge by slithering off at the psychological moment.
You go out apparently unconcerned, actually tingling with well-being.
Your first lesson in surfing is over: you are convinced that there is a technique to it.
You will probably never master it entirely- it is an elusive business- but of this you may be sure: you will never as long as you have the energy and the opportunity, be able to resist trying to become more and more expert.
Henceforth, in fact, you will be enslaved to the surf; the fascination of golf or fishing will be as nothing to it.

1939 'SURFING—WITH OR WITHOUT TEARS', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 14 January, p. 5. (The Argus Week-end Magazine), viewed 14 Aug 2016,

The Daily Telegraph
Sydney, 16 January 1939, page 3.


Jo Fallon and his camera at Palm Beach got these happy, after-the-heat-wave pictures
— on the sands of the seashore grown cool again.
BARTON HONEY, well-known figure on the beach.
He is considered one of the surf board experts of Palm Beach.

1939 'PEOPLE ON PARADE', The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), 16 January, p. 3. (Home Magazine and Film News), viewed 25 Mar 2019,

Daily Telegraph
Tuesday, 24 January 1939, page 16.

Team Of Surfers May Visit Hawaii

A team of three or four of our Australian surf life savers may visit Honululu in July.
The proposal is being considered by the Surf Life Saving Association of Australia.
Members of the team would compete in the Inter-Pacific surf board championships.
They would also give displays of rescue work by surf boards.
A conditlon of the tour is that the Hawaiian Association reciprocate with a visit to Australia in 1940.
Annual Event
The proposal was submitted by the Daily Telegraph.
If the proposal Is adopted the Surf Life Saving Association will make the surf board championship an annual fixture.
The first championship would be held at the Australlan championship carnival on March 18, at Manly.
Delegates at yesterday's executive meeting of the Surf Associatlon were enthusiastic about the scheme.
Forerunner Of Others
"The offer is the greatest in our history," said the chairman (Mr. Adrlan Curlewis).
"It gives us the opportunity of publicising our work overseas.
"Successfully managed it should be the forerunner of many overseas tours.
"I feel that while taking part in the surf board championships our represenatives should give demonstrations of surf rescue work.
Commitee Elected
"The question is so important that I feel the best interests would be served by appointing a special committee to conslder the offer and report to the executive on Wednesday," added Mr. Curlewis.
A committee comprising Messrs. Curlewis, R. J. Doyle, K, Hunter and C. Mack was appointed.
Mr. Hunter  sald tests had shown Australian surfers the equal to those in other parts of the world.
"The world record for a still water swim with a surf board is 31 1/2 sec.," said Mr. Hunter.
"I know of several who got within a few seconds of this time without special training."
Proposed Events
Suggestions for the Honolulu tournament are for a special trophy award on apoint score basis over four events.
Events proposed are surf board out-and-home paddle race, surf board tandem race (, sic) surf board display, and surfboard rescue race.
For the resue event the services of a good distance swimmer to act as patient would be needed.

Daily Telegraph
Monday, 30 January 1939, page 1.

Blind Surfer Saved, In Peril From Rocks

A blind surfer was rescued by lifesavers at Freshwater yesterday as he was about to be washed against rocks.

The man, who had been surfing on a rubber float, is Eddie Collins, 28, of Railway Parade, Belmore.
He was about 150 yards from the shore, when his plight was noticed.
N, Holliday and W. Wilson, members of the Freshwater Surf Livesaving Club, rescued him, '
Collins cut his heel on a rock, but was otherwise unhurt.
Known On Beaches
Blind since childhood, Collins is akeen surfer, and visits most of the metropolitan beaches.
He is known to the life savers, who keep special watch over him.
He takes his rubber float  out to the first line of breakers, and finds his way about in the surf by the voices of others.
"We can't keep him away from the surf, but we worry every time he goes in," his mother, Mrs. F Collins, said last night.
Collins walks unerringly in the streets, sometimes rides a bicycle, and plays a piano accordion.
He works at the Blind Institute.

Page 5 

Poised for the shoot.
This surf-board rider, at Manly yesterday, has caught the crest of a huge "breaker" at the right moment for a perfect shoot.

Weekly Times
Melbourne, 4 February 1939, page 6.

Losing his surf board while out beyond the breakers at Lorne, Frederick William Grigg, 22, of Lome, was drowned.


1939 'AUSTRALASIAN NEWS in BRIEF', Weekly Times (Melbourne, Vic. : 1869 - 1954), 4 February, p. 6. (FIRST EDITION), viewed 25 Mar 2019,

Sunday Times
Perth, 5 February 1939, page 3.

Surf Board Riding- In Stages

This youthful surf enthusiast has had a long  wait in the deep water for this "beacher."

But now he has caught it and adroitly stands up on his board, anticipating the thrilling run down the wave, but no .. he has lost his balance and the board goes on without him.

1939 'Surf Board Riding —In Stages', Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954), 5 February, p. 3. , viewed 14 Aug 2016,

Daily Telegraph
Tuesday, 7 February 1939, page 1.
Pacific Surf-Board Title
Challenge to Australia from Hawaii
Negotiations have been launched for surf-board champions of Australia and America to meet in an international contest at Hawaii in July.
The Daily Telegraph has received a challenge from Honolulu for Australians to match the skill of American surf board champions.
Can Australians beat Honolulu surf-board men in their own surf?
To decide this, the Daily Telegraph is negotiating with the Surf Life Saving Association to find suitable surf-board men to send to Honolulu.
Immediately the challenge was received the Daily Telegraph diecussed the inter-natIonal surf-board match at Honolulu with the Surf LIfe Saving Association executive,
The propoeal was greeted enthusiastically.
A sub-committee to suggest the means of finding  the right men to represent Australia at Honolulu was appointed at yesterday's executive meeting of the Association.
Committee members are: C, Whitehead, vlce-president and member of the examination board; Mr. J Cameron, honorary chief superintendent of examinations and instruction; Mr. K, Hunter, executive member and honorary solicitorI for the association; and a representative of the Dally Telegraph.
Americans Keen
This committee will meet immediately.
Further detalls or the proposal wilI be announced shortly.
A cable message from Honolulu yesterday said sportsmen there were following the proposal with typical American eaierness.
The famous Hawaii Beachcomer Club of American and Hawaiian University athletes is leading the movement for the international test.
Among the prominent swimmers supporting it are Duke and Sam Kahanamoku and Marlechen Wehselau, former American Olympics, who have visited Australia.
Pacific Olympiad
The proposaI may become more than a challenge match between Australian and Honolulu surf-board men.
Overtures have been made from Honolulu to San Francisco and Los Angels athletic leaders.
It bas been suggested that the contest might delelope into annual PacifIc Olympic Games.
"Whether this happens or not, the proposal for an Intenational surf-board in Hawaii includes a return contest in Australia next year.
Plan Welcomed
The president of the Life Saving Association Mr. Adrian Curlewis said yesterday:-
"The proposal is the most welcome one we have heard for a long time.
"We are wholeheartely behind it.
"It will provide  a magnificient oppurtunity for us to demonstrate the value of the surf-board in life saving.
"Also the high skill of our Australian life savers whose presence on the beaches makes surfing safe."
Daily Telegraph
Wednesday,  8 February 1939, page 1.

International Test Planned At Hawaii

Can Australian surf-board champions match Americans in the Hawaiian surf?
Two of Australia's most expert surf-board riders differed on this point yesterday.
They were discussing the proposal for an international surf-board contest between Australia nad America at Honolulu this year.
"Nobody in the world could beat the Hawaiian beach boys in the surf," said the fomer president of Palm Beach Surf Life-Saving Club.
Mr, Ralston is one of the pioneer surf-board riders, who took up the sport in 1914, after Duke Kahanamoku, of Honolulu, introduced It to Australia In 1911 (sic).
"The paddle out to the waves, of any- thine up to a mile, would try our men," he said.
"The beach boys have been doing nothing else all their lives."
"But with fast, hollow boards, and training, our men could compete with anyone over there."

Arm-Chair Rides
"WaIkikI waves are what we call 'arm-chair rides'," said Mr. C. J. ("Snow") McAlister, of Manly, triple surf-board champion of Australia, yesterday.
"The broken surf of Australia demand tremendous skill of the surf-board rider.
"I think our best men have enough skill to match anybody in the surf.
"If they started with the same boards, I think our men would finish in front.
"Some of the Hawaiians I saw in our surf were not very impressive.
"Even Duke Kahanamoku found our surf difficult ro begin with."

Club's Support
ln Hawaii, the Beechcomber (sic) Club of American and Hawaiian University athletes is leading the move for an inter-national test.
A challenge has been received from Honolulu for Australians to match the skill of Amerlcan surf-board champions.
The Daily Telegraph has dlscussed an international surf-board match at Honolulu In July with the Surf Life Saving Executive.
A sub-committee has been appointed to suggest means of finding suitable men to represent Australia.

Daily Telegraph
Thursday, 9 February 1939. page 7.

Claims Australians Match For Anybody In Surf
View Of Former Champion
Harder To Ride Local Waves

The claim that Australian could match anybody in the surf was made yesterday.
Mr CIaude West, ex-surfboard champion, who has beaten Honolulu surfboard men in the Australian surf, expressed this view.
The type of surf we have is the toughest in the world to master, and Australians could hold their own in the easier Honolulu surf," said Mr West.
A challenge has been received from Honolulu for Australian surf-board champions to match the skill of Americans.
The Daily Telegraph has dicussed an international test at Honolulu with the Surf Life Saving Associatlon executIve.

First Australian
A sub-committee is working to suggest means of finding suitable men to represent Australia.
Mr, West, an ex-surf-board champion, yesterday discussed the view of Mr J. M. Ralston, former president of Palm Beach Surf Life Savlng Club, that Hawaiians were unbeatable in thelr own surf.
"I was the first Australian to  take up surf-board rlding." he said yesterday.
I Iearnt on Duke Kahanamoku's board, which he left here after introducing surf-board riding to Australia before the war.

Beat Kahanamoku
"I beat Sam Kahanamoku, his brother of Honolulu, when he came here.
"I beat Ludy Langer, another Honolulu man.
"I saw Mariechen Wehselau, when she came here, and she was not as good as some of our Australian women.
Other Hawaiians I have seen in our surf have been behind our men.

Harder Surf
I am certain our surf-board men  can hold their own in any surf where surf-boards are ridden.

"Men have to be more skilled and tougher to ride our waves.
"They have to battle out against terrific seas.
"They have to ride a wave that dumps and breaks, manoeuvring their boards bagainst strong undertows.

"Would Be Picnic"
"Thye smooth, unbroken roller of Honolulu would be a picnic for our men.
"The paddle out to distances up to a mile there would be nothing in their smooth swell.
"Why we would often 65lb. boards from Manly to Freshwater and back thinking nothing of it!
Duke and Sam Kahanamoku and Mariechen Wehselau are amoung the prominent Honolulu surfers who are supporting the move for a surf-board match between America and Australia this year.

The Referee
Thursday, 9 February 1939.
Page 15
Australians Are "Tops" in Surfboard Riding.
Our Big Seas Rattle Clever Hawaiians.
Thrills and Spills On Every Wave.
Famous Coach Tells How To Ride A Surf Board
by Harry M. Hay
(Ex-Olympic Representative and Australia's Foremost Swimming Coach)

What great strides this sport has made in Australia!
A few years ago it was hardly known in this country.
The Hawaiians introduced us to this exhilarating, thrilling pastime, and to these romantic tropical islanders is due our warmest thanks.

But typical of our race, the youth of Australia has developed the art until to-day they are the equal In skill of their dusky natatorial neighbours.
In fact, in my opinion, we have seen exhibitions by our own lads in Australia that have exceeded the skill of the most talented Hawaiians.

The surf conditions of the Hawaiian Islands differ considerably from those in Australia.

The waves of the famous Waikiki Beach at Honolulu do not break.
Assisted by a reef some distance off shore, they come in the form of a grand swell or roller.
It is comparatively easy to catch a roller with the long narrow surfboards and ride it right to the shallows, even high and dry on the sands.

The steady, even passage in allows the rider to perform apparently difficult tricks with ease.

Our conditions are different.
Our waves are irregular, bank up to great heights, and break some distance from the shore.
In order to choose the correct type of wave and ride it expertly and safely, one must summon far greater daring and skill than the Waikiki rider has to do.

Several types of boards have been used in Australia.
We started with the small hand-board until to-day the accepted surfboard is a huge specially shaped piece of picked timber having distinctive marine advantages.
The hand-board measures about 12 inches square and is light in weight.

The manipulation of this board is an easy matter.

As the suitable wave breaks it isplaced in tront of the "shooter," a full man's Iength of the lett hand,
at the same time stroking at the side of the body with the right.
When the wave is property mounted, both hands grip the board. holding it almost flat on the water.

The "surfer" is carried shorewards by the wave, head free and shoulders clear and feet free to assist when the wave is losing its strength.

This method is applicable to almost any size wave, and is comparatively simple.

The handling of the real surfboard is a much more difficult matter.
It calls for care in selection, water knowledge, choce of wave, and expert manipulation.

The accepted measuremnets for the regulation surf board are:
Length 9ft 6in; width at back end 20in; centre 22in, tapering down to an oval shaped nose of 10 to 12 inches.
Thicknesses vary from 1 3/4in at back, graduating to 3in at the centre, and narrowing to 1in or less at the point.

Redwood is the most suitable timber for surfboards, but if unprocurable, cedar ls recommended.
Surfboard riding has become an attractive feature at surf carnivals, and the displays and stunts which youthful Australians perform on these huge boards astound onlookers - even the Hawiians themselves.

This assertion was verified during the 1915 visit to Australia of famous Hawaiian swimmer and surfboard expert, Duke Kahanamoku.
He enjoyed our surf, but despite his great knowledge of surfboard riding, he admitted that the young Australians excelled his own efforts under the unusual local conditions, of which, of course, he had little experience.

Ofrecent years attempts have beenn made to conquer tbe waves by the introduction or the surf canoe, surf ski, and latterly the surfoplane.

The manipulation or these new devices call for skil and a certain amount of daring, but fail to meet the heights of individual accomplishment which a surfboard rider must attain in Australia.

To begin surfboard riding the novice is advised to make astudy of the Australian surf, paying particular attention to the waves themselves.

Two particular types which roll in on our beaches will interest the "surf-shooter" and the surfboard rider.
They are commonly known as the "roller," or "slide," and the "dumper."

The rolling or "roller" wave is encountered mostly at high-tide.
The "dumper" is more frequent al low tide, but do not take this as a hard and fast rule.

The "roller,", or slide, is the wave to be ridden; the "dumper" is the wave to be avoided.

It is dangerous and the cause of many accidents, but can be picked up quite safely by one who has become expert in the art of "broaching".

Broaching means turning the surfboard sideways and parallel to the wave.
At the same time you

ion in line with the hipS
iwhen tbe ,rros are thoroughly re axed and
~'Cked out of the water, hending e arms at the elbows and carry-
ng the bands underneatb (en- sUres proper relaxation>, and for- ..."ard ti> the straight out position
.0 front and at the sides of .the- ~ard. .'
IS is the propelling move- ment, and when cOluinued ought-to drive the board and-
rider alol1g at. a fairly fast. rate. ""h.e[1 the ri~er becomes expert
he may now paddle his board t to the wbfoekea wav&;, but- is vised to pick a i day when the not too big.
-He next picks out the wave ~n hieh he intends to try hie akill, d then ~8Jt~ tbe board so
~ ll.cin 1.8 h 0 reward s~.H ~

L. A. MORATH, of the Manly Surf Life-Saving
Club, demonstrates the ideal balance for
surf-board riding.

(Top): Picking up
the wave.

Broaching the slide.

The perfect standing balance.
1939 'Australians Are "Tods" In Surf Board Riding ', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 9 February, p. 15. , viewed 14 Aug 2016,

The Catholic Press
Sydney, 9 February 1939, page 29.

Australian Surf Board Aces Would Test World's Best.

The news that a team of Australian lifesavers may visit Honolulu to compete against champion surfboard riders from America at an inter-Pacific championship has caused widespread interest in surf clubs along the coast.
A special subcommittee has been formed by the Association, and is investigating the matter.
The selection of a team would cause some difficulty.
At all the beaches there are probably dozens of splendid surf board exponents.
Some are 'trick' riders, and others are at their best in the heavy surf.
However, it is generally found that there is an outstanding performer at every beach, such as George Connor is at Bondi.
Undoubtedly, a team of Australian surf board riders would more than favourably compare with the American exponents.

1939 'The REALM of SPORT', The Catholic Press (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1942), 9 February, p. 29. , viewed 14 Aug 2016,

Daily Telegraph
Friday, 10 February 1939.
Page 7
Honolulu Surfing Skill Matched Here
Expert's Test
Stop Watch Times Taken
Tests against a stop-watch at Pittwater proved Australians could match Americans in the Honolulu surf.
Mr. Blue Russell, surf-board expert of Palm Beach Life Saving Club, who made the tests, said this yesterday.
He was discussing the proposed international surf-board match between Australia and America at Honolulu.
Surf-board experts have differed on whether Australians could paddle their boards over a long distance.

More Difficult Here
Paddling record times in the still water of a Honolulu canal, over a distance from 100 yards to a mile, are held by Tom Blake, an American." said Mr. Russell yesterday.
"My tests, over the same distances and in the harder water of Pittwater, showed just about the same time." he said.
Mr. Russell was timed at Pittwater by Dr. T. H. Guthrie, of Whale Beach,.
"We contend that Australians, their stamina toughened by our terrific seas,  could match Honolulu men at paddling a board." he said.
"And their waves would be easy for us as laying on a bed."

3-Ply Board Used
In the Pittwater tests, a light hollow board of special three ply, about 15 feet 4ins. long was used.
The board was built by Mr. Russell , who considers it as fast as boards used at Honolulu.
It weighs about 30lb., whereas a solid board would weigh about 60lb (?, unclear transcription)." he said.
A challenge has been received from Honolulu for Australians to match the skill of American surfboard champions.
The Daily Telegraph has discussed an international test at Honolulu with the Surf Life Saving Association executive.

Daily Telegraph
Saturday, 11 February 1939.
Page 20
Need Years To Learn Surf Riding
By C. J. ("Snowy") McAlister, Surf Board Champion of Australia.

Surf board riding is an art that can never be perfected.
We in Australia learnt the rudiments after seeing the Hawaiian, Duke Kahanamoku, before the war.
Now, I think we could teach our teachers.
No other Hawaiian has ever managed to duplicate the Duke's amazing skil.
Such noted swimmers as Sam Kahanamoku, Ludy Langer, Pua Kealoah, and Bill Harris came here with big reputations.
They were adepts in their own surf but were "all at sea" when tying to shoot the huge dumping breakers on Sydney beaches.

Keen Judgment
Handling a board on Sydney beaches
requires split-second timing and judgment; whereas Hawaiians had been used to waves in Honolulu which side slowly.
Australians, with constant practicein rough and dangerous surf, have become proficient to a remarkable degree.
Even the largest "dumpers" can be held if the rider "broaches" his board down the face of the steep wave.
"Broaching" a board means to turn the board underneath the rider and parallel to the breaker, pressing heavily on the edge nearest the wave.
When the main force of the wave is spent, the board is swung back under the body into normal position.
Standing on the head while shooting to the beach is easily the most spectacular feat.
It requires great skill and concentration.

Thrilling Action
But perhaps the most thrilling to the rider, although not so interesting to the specator, is "funneling", or riding the "corner" of a sliding wave.
This means manoeuvring the board to keep on the breaking corner of the wave, and shooting right across the face of the wave.
Twice the speed is obtained because if the run into the beach is 300 yards, there is the possibility of gaining another 300 yards across the beach with the wave.
It takes a beginner a full season to learn to handle his board in our surf.
The following season he can start to learn tricks.
But he never finishes learning.

Difficult Feats
Some of the hardest feats on a board, necessating years of practice, are:-
ChangIng board by stepping from one to another, when two riders are on the same wave.
Standing up backwards on the board while shooting shorewards.
Standing upright with a light passenger astride your shoulders.
Riding a wave tandem, both standing.
The direction of the board coming down a wave can be varied by using the foot as a tiller or by cupping the water with the hands.
Normally, a well constructed and well-handled board will keep its correct course.
Since the proposal to send an Australian team of surf-board riders to Honolulu was first mooted, several of Australia's greatest swimmers have asked me to teach them to use the board.
Tommy Adrian, former Australian swimming coach of "Boy" Charlton, always believed in the use of surf boards in conjunction with baths training for swimming.
So, apparently, did Duke Kahanamoku who was at one time world's champion sprint swimmer.

Daily Telegraph
Wednesday, 22 February 1939.
Page 1
International Surf Contests At Honolulu
Aust. Life savers Challenge U.S.A.
A surfing match between Australia and America will be held at Honolulu in July.
One of the most spectacular advertisements for Australia ever sent away, a team of surf life-savers will go to Honolulu to meet American and Hawaiian surf-men.
They will compete against each other in the water, o surf-boards, in Australian surf-boats, in Hawaiian canoes, and the Australians will demonstrate the surf rescue system evolved here.
Arrangements completed last night a a meeting of the delegate council of the Surf Life Saving Association of Australia  make this possible.
Hawaii is also arranging to send a return American team to Sydney for a second Pacific Surf Games early next year.

Daily Telegraph Idea
The whole scheme has developed from a Daily Telegraph plan for a team of surf-board men to accept a Honolulu challenge to match Hawaiians in their surf.
A sub-committee to organise a team of at least 10 men, and to raise funds towards sending it away was appointed at the meeting of the delegate council of the Surf Life saving Association last night.
Further backing is being found by the Australian National Travel Association and The Daily Telegraph.
Surf Club Leaders Hail Proposal - Page 2, Cols. 4& 5.

The Referee
Thursday, 23 February 1939.
Page 16
Tommy Walker Says-
"I Brought First Surfboard To Australia"
In a letter to Harry M. Hay, Australia's foremost swimmimg and surf coach.- Tommy Walker, one-time surfboard champion at Manly (N.S.W.), writes:

"I saw an article by you in 'The Referee' re surfboards,  so enclose a photo of myself and surfboard taken in 1909 at Manly. 
This board I bought at Waikiki Beach, Hawaii, for two dollars, when I called there aboard the 'Poltolock.'
I won my first surfboard shooting competition at Freshwater carnival back in 1911, and that wasn't yesterday. 

Walker was a well known figure at Manly at the time he writes about.
He figured in a couple of unusual, if not remarkable, incidents.

* * *

Time came when Tommy decided to catch a shark for the purpose of exhibiting it to the public at three-pence a head.

He brought three other lads into the enterprise and between them they raised the necessary capital to buy a hook and line and to hire a tent in which to install the monster of the depth.

But first they had lo catch their fish.
They selected Fairy Bower beach as their base and set a watch on the hill overlooking it.

But first they had lo catch their fish.
They selected Fairy Bower beach as their base and set a watch on the hill overlooking it.

On the second day of their vigil, the required shark was sighted.
Like a policeman on his beat, he came leisurely from the direction of South Steyne.
And he was a whopper, a tiger, 14ft 2in in length, as was proved later.
He was duly landed struggling on to the beach and a curious public had paid £12/10/- to view him when the Council's inspector of nuisances intervened to the manifest relief of the residents in the vicinity.
But one may ask, "Where does the hero stuff come in?"
Well, it was this way.
When the shark was sited, the watchers on the hill signalled to Tommy (who was waiting on the beach) and he immediately set out in a small dinghy to drop the bait at the spot it was anticipated the shark would cross.

The craft capsized.
So Tommy swam with the bait, a 7lb salmon, and lilerally spilt it into Ihe shark's mouth.
The shark grabbed it - and the rest was easy.
Someone said, "I wouldn't have done that for £10,000."
Tommy replied simply, "There was no danger - when salmon are about, a shark has no time for anything else,"

* * *
In the other incident Ivay (sic, Ivy) Schilling was Ihe heroine.
She will be recalled as  J. C. Williamson's principal dancer.
The company was having a successful season at the Thealre Royal.
A strong swimmer, she was surfing at South Steyne one morning, when only two others were in the water.
Walker was one of them.

Miss Schilling had crossed a deep channel and was resting on a sandbank, and was watching Walker shooting.

He could swim like a fish.
This was at it time when large surfboards were unknown in Australian waters.
However, Walker did not need any adventitious (sic) aids when shooting, at which he was one of the recognised adepts.

II was impracticable, however, to shoot right into the sand because of the channel, which banked the surf up.

Afler his third shoot, Walker appeared to be in sore trouble in the channel.
His scream for help galvanised the dancing star into action.

With powerful strokes, swimming trudgeon style, she quickly covered the necessary 30 yards to  reach the youth who was sinking for the third time.
He appeared to be in a fit and struggled violently as the gallant lady swam with him to the shore.

* * *

Just at this moment the professional lifesaver, the late 'Appy Eyre, arrived, and he worked on the unconscious form of Walker, who, when he came to his senses, ejaculated, "Well this is the last time I'll go surfing immediately after a heavy breakfast."

The evening papers rang with the story, and the performance at the Royal was held up that night when Miss Schilling appeared on the stage.
Members of the audience from all parts of the theatre rose and cheered, and cheered, and cheered again.

And Tommy - what of him?
Just about that time, a week beforehand, in fact, Claude Eric Ferguson McKay had been appointed to the position as Williamson's publicity man.

Walker, if unwittingly, had brought one of Williamson's stars into the limelight - had given her the opportunity of appearing as a heroine in a drama off the stage.

McKay was delighted.
He presented Walker with a brand new £5 note.

The article by Hay appeared two weeks earlier in The Referee, 9 February 1939, page 15, above.
The claim to be the first surfboard in Australia can only be attributed to the paper's sub-editor, and not Tommy Walker.
This may, or may not, be the Hawaiian surfboard often claimed to be imported by Manly identity, C. D. Paterson, sometime between 1908 to 1912.
The boardriding performance of a Mr. Walker at the second Freshwater Life Saving Carnival was reported by The Daily Telegraph, 27 January 1912, page 21.

off the Colombia River, circa 1913.

Poltalloch aground at Willapa Bay, circa 1900.

The Australian Women's Weekly
25 February 1939, page 31.

Beach Umbrellas Swimming & Surfing Instruction

AUSTRALIAN surf men are going to Honolulu to compete against crack Hawaiian surf-board stars.
Suppose, instead of our men, Hawaii had challenged our surf girls?
How would they compare with Honolulu's famous bathing beauties?
The Australian Women's Weekly asked its Honolulu representative, John Williams, to answer the question.
"Well," he said, "Honolulu has one advantage.
It is a holiday resort for the beauties of Hollywood and American society.

But, as I remember Sydney beaches - I think you would win."

SURF-BOARD RIDING was invented in Hawaii.
Duke Kahanamoku, Hawaiian swimmer, introduced it here.
WAIKIKI BEACH is famous.
So is its Royal Hawaiian Hotel.
"Along the shaded promenade," says John Williams,
 "you can see at almost any hour of the day some of
the loveliest women of America."

TYPICAL Waikiki girl is Alice Aldrite.
In California, an occasional Hawaiian trip
is the social thing to do.

[Not shown]
ROCHELLE HUDSON, like other Hollywood film stars, trim in her swim-suit, decorates Waikiki
 "But." says John Williams, "many of their swim-suits
 were never meant for swimming."

1939 'HONOLULU'S BEACH GIRLS...', The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), 25 February, p. 31. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,

Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate
3 April 1939, page 12.

Tests for Honolulu Tour
SYDNEY, Sunday.
Elimination trials for candidates for selection in the surfboard section of the surf team to go to Honolulu during July were held at North Narrabeen today.
Speed trials were held in Narrabeen Lake this morning. and in the surf this afternoon.
There were 35 competitors
and 10 were selected for further tests.
Among them was Alan Fidler, of Newcastle, who has also been selected for further tests in the surf swimming section.
The 10 selected to-day were-
A. Fidler
(Newcastle), F. Boorman (North Bondi), R. Chapple (North Bondi), J. Cohen (North Bondi), J. May (North Bondi), L. Morath (Manly), R. Russell (Palm Beach), F. Stroud (North Bondi), H. Wicks (Manly), G. Connor (Bondi).

1939 'SURFBOARD TRIALS', Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , 3 April, p. 12. , viewed 22 Aug 2016,

The Courier-Mail
Brisbane, 5 April 1939, page 10.

PADDLING to Honolulu.

Some of the 33 competitors just after the start of the 880 yards surf-board race on the Narrabeen Lakes, Sydney.
The race was a guide for the selectors of the Australian team for the Pacific Surf Games at Honolulu in July.

1939 'SOAP BOX DERBY : WORLD TOPICS', The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954), 5 April, p. 10. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,

The Sydney Morning Herald
Thursday 13 April 1939, page 20.

Heard Here and There
By Mayfair.

QUITE the quaintest Palm Beach sight is that of Knightley ("Blue") Russell speeding through the waves on his special surf-board, complete with
a battered green felt hat clinging to his red hair.
'Blue' is a severe sunburn subject, and the hat is therefore an essential part of the programme.
After watching "Blue" at practice the other morning, a friend of mine remarked that surely he would get house-maid's knee kneeling oh the board for so long at a time.
I am almost ashamed to admit that some-body else suggested he was probably "board" stiff!
The Telegraph
Brisbane,  1 May 1939, page 11.

Winner of Surf Board Race
R. J. Noohan paddling his way to win the surf board
test held on the Tweed River to enable the judges
to select representatives for the Australian tea
 of lifesavers for Honolulu.

1939 'Winner of Surf Board Race', The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), 1 May, p. 11. (SECOND EDITION), viewed 23 Aug 2016,

The Catholic Press
Sydney, 11 May 1939, page 16.

Noel Ryan Showed the South Africans How.

Having, amongst other achievements, won every race in which he competed and made records over all distances from 220 yards to one mile, Noel Ryan, ex-Australian champion swimmer accompanied by Eon Masters (diver) and Bob Willshire (sprinter), returned from South Africa this week.
True, the standard of swimming in South Africa is not nearly up to that in Australia, but it is pleasing to see such a grand and courageous swimmer as Noel Ryan, who has done so much for the sport in this country, virtually finishing his natatorial career on such a successful note,
Ryan was also able to give a demonstration of surf board riding at Durban.
He is an accomplished surfman.
Masters had to be content with giving diving exhibitions during the tour, as there was no opposition for him.
The lengthy Willshire had no trouble in winning the 150 yards South African title.
The report that patrols are paid to protect the surfing public will come as interesting news to the thousands of lifesavers who voluntarily guard the beaches along our Australian coast.

1939 'The REALM of SPORT', The Catholic Press (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1942), 11 May, p. 16. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,

Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate
16 May 1939, page 8.

(By "The Onlooker.")

THERE WILL be no surprise in Newcastle surfing circles that Hector Scott
has gained a place in the Australian team to go to Holonolulu to compete in the Pacific Games.
He has outstanding ability, and his claims to a place were very strong.
Scott comes from a well-known Newcastle surfing family, and, indeed, a family well known in the district, where he has always lived and where he was educated.
His brothers, George and Victor, are as well known as he, and, like Hector, have many Northern district championship titles to their credit.
George Scott was the council's life-saver on Stockton beach last summer.
Hector Scott's successes when a member of the Australian team of eight which toured New Zealand on an educational tour in 1937 suggested that he would be difficult to omit from the team to go to Honolulu, and his work in the heats which preceded the selection added materially to his already good prospects.
He was captain of Newcastle Surf Club in 1937 and was the club's sort champion in the same season.
A year before he was the club's instructor-in-chief.
He has been a member of the Newcastle Club for more than 15 years and was Northern district junior surf champion- and an unbeaten one- for some seasons.
At the Australian carnival in the season of 1927-28 only Noel Ryan and Arthur Besomo, two outstanding surf swimmers, defeated him in a very select field which contested the surf championship
He has represented the district in Australian surf championships every season since then.
In the same season he finished second in a teams race, and was a member of the district's R. and R. team which finished third.

Scott has had many successes in still
water and surf, but probably his greatest success was duiriig the carnival held on Newcastle Beach during the Duke of Gloucester's visit in 1934.
On that day he won the surf-board race, was the patient in the R. and R. competition and was first to the buoys, and finished the day by winning the open-surf race.
He has won the open surf race at the club's carnival on several occasions, and won the surf board race on three occasions.
He is a member of the Board of Examiners of the Newcastle branch of the association and is regarded as outstanding in his knowledge of drill and methods.
Scott will be a valuable man on the tour, for he can take part in any of competitive surfing's many requirements.
In addition to his great ability in an R. iand R. squad, Scott, as his record shows would be difficult to defeat in open swimming event, and can be expected to do well in board races and, if necessary, can help in the boat crew.
And, besides all these talents, he is a first-class instructor.
His selection will be deservedly popular.
(The team published on Page 9.)

1939 'HECTOR SCOTT GETS PLACE IN SURF TOURING TEAM', Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , 16 May, p. 8. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,

The Courier-Mail
Brisbane,  17 May 1939, page 16.

Team Must Affiliate With Swimming Union

SYDNEY, Tuesday. — The executive committee ot the Australian Amateur Swimming Association decided to-night that the surf team to visit Honolulu must affiliate with the Amateur Swimming Union of Australia before its participation in still-water events in
Hawaii would be sanctioned.
The meeting also decided that the swimming union should appoint the team's manager and that the finance also should be controlled by the union.
Mr. James Taylor, president of the union, was at the meeting, and when discussion of the proposed tour began it was apparent
that there were strained relations between the two bodies.
Mr. Taylor took exception to the terms of certain correspondence on the subject.
After explanations and the production of files the atmosphere cleared considerably, but members of the executive committee adhered to their claim that the swimming union had weakened its position by granting sanction to an unaffiliated body to send away a team - composed partly of swimmers affiliated with the Swimming Association and partly of men not so affiliated - and sponsored in a way which they claimed constituted commercialism.
They also protested strongly against being given very little information about the receipt of the official invitation from the American Athletic Union to the team, which, they said, had been received only during the last few days, although arrangements for sending the team had been in progress for three months.

Mr. A. Rennix said that they had been informed that an invitation had been received by the Surf Life Saving Association to send affiliated amateur swimmers.
Mr. J. Sheedy, honorary secretary of the Australian Swimming Union, had informed the Surf Association that a conditional permission had been granted, but subsequently has been withdrawn.
It was now announced that a team was going to Hawaii, where 75 percent. of the swimming events would be in still water.
Mr. Taylor had said that no outside oganisation could take a team away without the authority of the Swimming Union, but the union would be giving away its control if it permitted any movement to take away a group of affiliated swimmers.
The affiliation of the Surf Life Saving Association with the Swimming Union also was essential.
The Swimming Association had not been asked to give its views on the sending of the team, said Mr. Rennix, and it seemed that, if this team had the authority of the Swimming Union, the association should call for an Australian conference to consider it.
Mr. S. B. Grange said that if, Robin Biddulph did not go, the surf tour was off.

Arrangements already were in existence for holding the Pan-Pacific games in New Zealand in 1940, but there was a proposal now in evidence to have an opposition fixture in Australia.
In reply to questions, Mr. Taylor said that the secretary of the Amateur Athletic Union in America had cabled that their Honolulu branch had approved of the invitation, which was official.
It was decided to invite the president (Mr. Adrian Curlewis} and the hon. secretary (Mr. George Millar) of the Surf Life-Saving Association to meet Mr. Taylor and the hon. secretary of the Swimming Association (Mr. E. H. Sandell) to-morrow, with a view
to effecting an affiliation, to which, it was stated by Mr. Taylor, the Surf Association was willing to agree.

As announced in The Courier-Mail yesterday, only one Queenslander, A. Imrie, has been chosen in the team, which is: —
F. C. Davis (Manly) sweep, J. B. Harness (Mona Vale) stroke. R. A. Dickson (Mona Vale) No. 3, W. A. R. Mackney (Mona Vale) No. 2, F. M. Braund (Palm Beach) bow.

J. L. D. McKay (North Cronulla), H. Doerner (Bondi), W. Furey (North Steyne), A. Fitzgerald (North Wollongong), H. Scott (Newcastle), A. Imrie (Burleigh Heads-Mowbray Park, Qld.).

R. K. Russell (Palm Beach), L. Morath (Manly), R. Chapple (North Bondi).

1939 'HITCH OVER SURF TOUR', The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954), 17 May, p. 16. , viewed 22 Aug 2016,

Sydney, 18 May 1939, page 1.

Risk To Biddulph's Olympic Chance
Hawaiian Surf Tour Edict From Amateur Association


THIS is the outcome of an official invitation from the Amateur Athletic Union of America to the Australian Swimming Union.
The A.A.U. asked the A.S.U. to sanction the Hawaiian surf tour organised by the S.L.S.A., and that permission be given Robin Biddulph to accompany the team;
The A.S.A. has placed three requirenients on the. S.L.S.A. before endorsement of the tour will be granted.
They form the basis of an article which, appeared in 'The Referee' on March 9.
These are the points with which the S.L.S.A. must comply:
'The manager shall be appointed by the Australian Amateur Swimming Union.'
'The expenses of all affiliated swimmers must be handled by the manager, in accordance with the rules of the International Federation De Natation Amateur.'
'The Surf Life-Saving Association must apply for affiliation to the Amateur Swimming Union through the various State Associations before, the team leaves Australia.
'As far as the A.S.A. is concerned, afllliation means that the S.L.S.A. shall pay the sum of £2/2/-  as an annual affiliation fee and register each of its amateur members with this association.
They must sign an amateur declaration in accordance with our rules.

Would Ban Trip
The capitation fee will be payable on such members.
'These members are only registered amateur surf men entitled to compete in restricted surf races.
Should they desire to compete in still water it will be necessary that they, join afliliated amateur swimming clubs.
'Provided these three points are accepted uneciuivocally in ten days, the A.S.U. will see that the tour is placed on a proper international basis.
'The team will go with the full support of the Australian swimming movement.'
A prominent swimming official said yesterday that if the S.L.S.A. did not agree to the three points, the A.S.U. would ban the trip.
American and Hawaiian authorities would be notified that members of the team did not carry credentials.'
That would categorically quash the tour.
Hawaiian and American associations could not fail to observe an Australian ultimatum.
It is to be hoped that the S.L.S.A. shows a clearer appreciation of the position than formerly.
Unwittingly, no doubt,, the S.L.S.A. has placed the futures of prominent amateur swimmers in jeopardy.
Robin Biddulph, Australia's best free-style swimmer, who is the foremost member of the team, could be precluded from 1940
Olympic Games selection.

Robin Biddulph.

The tour must be sanctioned by the A.S.U., because it is the only Australian body with international status.
Without its permission amateur swimmers in the team, and all who compete against them, will be liable to suspension by the inter
national authorities.
The Hawaiian surf tour is a laudable project.
It could be the forerunner of many inter-Paciflc sporting carnivals.
It would be a pity if an obstacle so easy to surmount brought about its ruin.
The S.L.S.A., a highly efficient organisation in its own sphere, will surely take this opportunity to expand its influence.

The team booked to sail for Honolulu on June 23, is: —
F. N. Braund (Palm Beach).
C. R. Chappie (N. Bondi).
F. C. Davis (Manly).
R. A. Dickson (Mona Vale).
A. E. Fitzgerald (N. Wollongong).
H. Doerner (Bondi).
W. A. Furey (N. Steyne).
J. B. Harkness (Mona Vale).
A. Imrie (Burleigh Heads, Qld.).
J. L. McKay (N. Cronulla).
W. A. R. Mackney (Mona Vale).
L. Morath (Manly).
R. K. Russell (Palm Beach).
H. Scott (Newcastle).
J. R. Cameron (captain instructor).
R. Biddulph (Manly) will accompany the team as a swimmer.
He will compete against Hawaiian champions Nakama and Hirouse.
The tour itinerary shows that its financial success depends on still water contests.
These are the only events for which admission will be charged.
Those who imagined the tour would be confined to surfing events will be surprised that swimming plays the major part in the programme.

1939 'Risk To Biddulph's Olympic Chance', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 18 May, p. 1. , viewed 22 Aug 2016,

Sydney, 18 May 1939, page 24.

Hawaiian Surf Itinerary July 24, 1939

July 5 (Wednesday) : Australian team arrives in Honolulu.
Parade through town, finishing at the Governor's office.
Australian team presented to Governor.
Thence to Pali, to Wainianalo, around Koko Head, and back to Army and Navy Y., team's headquarters.

July 6 (Thursday) : K.G.M.B. broad cast in evening.
July 7 (Friday): Australian team guests at luncheon,
July 8 (Saturday):. Australian team visits pineapple cannery and sugar mill.
July 9 (Sunday) : Australian team will give life-saving exhibition at Koko Head beach at 3 p.m.
Public admitted free.
July 10 (Monday): Parade through town by Australian team with life boats and life-saving apparatus.
Local teams will also co-operate,
July 11 (Tuesday): Australian team will be guests of Al Karasick'a wrestling show at Civic Auditorium.

July 12 (Wednesday): First night swimming meet at Natatorium, Waikiki, featuring Australia's champion swimmer, Biddulph, against Hawaii's best, Nakama and Hirouse.
60yds freestyle, boys under 13 years.
50yds freestyle, girls under 18 years,
100yds freestyle, men, novice.
880yds freestyle,men, open.
100yds freestyle, women, open.
50yds backstroke, boys, under 13 years.
50yds backstroke, girls, under 13 years.
150yds backstroke, men, open.
330yds medley relay, men, novice.
100yds freestyle, men, open.
440yds relay, women, novice.
440yds relay, men, novice.
100yds surfboard race, men, open.
330yds medley relay, men, open.
July 13 (Thursday) : Free morning for Australian team; K.G.M.B. broadcast In evening.
July 14 (Friday): Second night swimming meet, Natatorium, Waikiki.
Diving tower, men, open.
50yds breastroke, boys, under 13 years.
50yds breaststroke, girls, under 13 years.
100yds freestyle, women, novice.
220yds. freestyle, men, open.
100yds breaststroke, women, open.
220yds breaststroke, men, open.
330yds medley relay, women, novice.
220yds breaststroke, men, open.
100yds backstroke, men, novice.
440yds freestyle, men, open.
100yds breaststroke, men, novice.
440yds relay, women, open.
440yds relay, men, open.

July 15 (Saturday) : Free to Australian team.

July 16 (Sunday): Life-boat, canoe, surf-board, ski, and outboard motor regatta at Alma Moana Canal, in front of Alma Moana Park, 8.30 a.m.
Programme of events as follows:
Outboard speed-boat race.
Canoe, six paddle. Junior men, 1 mile.
Inter-island life-boat race, 1 mile (sailor only).
Hawaiian, surf-board race, 1 mile (board must be 12ft, at least 601b, 12in width at stern).
Junior six-oar sliding seat barge race, 1 mile.
Canoe six-paddle senior race, 1 mile.
Freshman. six-oar sliding seat-barge race, 1 mile.
Australian ski paddling race, 1 mile, Hawaii v Australia.
Surf-board relay, women (8 to team) 1 mile, straight course.
Senior six-oar sliding seat barge race, 1 mile.
Australian life-boat race, Hawaii v Australia.
Canoe six-paddle, boys, under 16 years, 1 mile.
Surf-board relay race (8 men to team), 1 mile, straight course.
Finish of Pearl Harbor Yacht Club star boats, boat races In front of Alma Moana Yacht Club.

July 17 (Monday) : Free to Australian team.
July 18 (Tuesday) : Australian team guests of Al Carasick's wrestling show at Civic Auditorium.

July 19 (Wednesday) : Swimming meet at Panahou Tank.
150yds backstroke, men, open.
220yds freestyle, men, open.
Diving, 3-metre, men, open.
300yds medley, Individual, men, open.
100yds freestyle, men, open.
220yds breaststroke, men, open.
400yds relay, men, novice.
400yds relay, men, open.
400yds relay, women, open.
500yds freestyle, men, open.
300yds medley relay, men, open.

July 20 (Thursday): Morning free to Australian team.
July 21 (Friday): Australian team visit to Pearl Harbor and Schofleld.

July 22 (Saturday) : Life-saving exhibition and sport programme in front of Alma Moana Hotel, 3 p.m.
Public admitted free.
Life-saving rescue race, Australia v Hawaii.
Australian life-boat race, through surf.
100yds foot race on sand beach.
Surf-board race, through surf.
400yds relay race on sand beach.

July 28 (Sunday) : Trip around the island and winding up with a luau,
July 24 (Monday) : Team returns to Australia.

1939 'Hawaiian Surf Itinerary', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 18 May, p. 24. , viewed 22 Aug 2016,

The Sun
Sydney, 14 June 1939, page 21.

By Claude Corbert

Conditions At Famed Waikiki Beach

With no desire to dampen enthusiasm of the Australian surf men, who will shortly leave for Honolulu, I think they should know everything about the conditions they are going to meet on the much-vaunted and over-boomed Waikiki Beach, fabled in song and tourist propaganda.
having seen it and know how vastly different are the surfing facilities there compared with those which exist
on the wide-sweeping strands of the New South Wales coast.
But here is the opinion of "Dodger" Shaw, of Bondi, now on a world tour, written to me from Los Angeles:—
"Having been connected with surfing and swimming for more than 25 years, may I be permitted to issue a note of warning to the selectors of the team of surf swimmers to visit Honolulu this year.
"In the first place; Waikiki Beach, in my opinion, is not a surf beach as we know it at Bondi, Coogee and Manly.
The shallows go out for about three-quarters of a mile, with the result that where they meet the deep water the breaker forms and gradually gets smaller as it reforms towards the beach.
As an outcome of its long run it just amounts to a small wave or ripple.
"The exhibitions I saw on the surf boards are nothing like our boys give at Bondi, as the waves are entirely
Their speed would be about half of ours on account of the long run and the waves slowing down.
At Honolulu they have no surf boats.
There is no need for them.
"Our boys are going to get as big a shock as I did, and it Is very doubtful if there are waves large enough to bring the boats right on to the beach as they do at home, unless they bring a very light boat over.
"I was surprised, as this beach has been boomed for years.
But in my opinion it is unsuitable for surf boats, and the association should be careful in selecting only good surf swimmers, as they will receive little aid from the shoots."

1939 'AMBROSE PALMER RESTS', The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), 14 June, p. 21. (LAST RACE ALL DETAILS), viewed 23 Aug 2016,

Sydney, 15 June 1939, page 21.


Australian surf team for the Hawaiian tour.
Back row:
J. K. Russell, J. L. Mackay,
J. Cameron (captain-instructor), F. C. Davis,
F. N. Braund, R. A. Dickson.

Front row:
H. J. Scott, J. B. Harkness, W. A. Furey,
C. R. Chappell, L. A. Morath.

SURF BOAT CREW for Honolulu practising in
Sydney before their departure on June 23.

The crew is:
Sweep, F. C. Davis; strike, J.B. Harkness;
R. A. Dickson, G. Wray (replacing W. Mackney);
 bow, F. N. Braund.

1939 'AUSTRALIAN SURF TEAM', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 15 June, p. 21. , viewed 22 Aug 2016,

Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate
16 June 1939, page 29.


THERE ARE high hopes in Australia that the surf team soon to leave for Honolulu to compete in the Pacific Ocean Games will return with victories in every important event.
If it does, the team will have conquered strange conditions as well as skilled opponents
The surf at the famous Waikiki Beach is much different to the surf on Australian beaches.
It will be remembered that famous Hawaiian swimmers visiting Australia, and skilled in the use of surf-boards, had to practise for a long time before they showed skill equal with Australians in the surf here.
The surf at Waikiki is given the name only as a courtesy title.
It is possible to wade for more than half-mils from the beach, with the result that breakers are very small when that point is reached.
They become smaller on their way to the beach.
The speed of the breakers is low compared to the rollers on Australian beaches.
Such conditions would have suited Newbiggin, and he will be missed.

1939 'SPORTS CHATTER', Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , 16 June, p. 29. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,

Sydney, 22 June 1939, page 17.

Stretched Himself 1½ in Season

ON Friday, from Sydney, sails Australia's team of surf champions bound for the Pan-Pacific natatorial meet.
Fifteen strong, silent sheiks of the golden sands, plus manager-cum-captain-cum-instructor, John Cameron, and official coach and swim mentor, Harry nay, sail the tropics as the greatest 'show on earth,' as Barnum would have said.
Fourteen of the team can be classed as the chorus-cum-ballet-cum-sideshow support of one named Robin Biddulph, who at the
present time seems classed as Australia's best bet for Helsinki Olympiad.
Now young Robin Biddulph is billed to meet the best of his class from the United States, Hawaii, and England, and the test should
prove whether hopes should be pinned oifhim for Finland.
The rest are supports as far as the water carnival is concerned.
Biddulph has developed into a second Johnny Weissmuller.
During the past swim season he has stretched himself one and a half inches and now measures 6 feet 2
½ inches in height, and weighs around the 15 stone 4lb. mark.
That's not all, and it's not likely, to be, for young Biddulph has the reputation of being the greatest eater Australia has seen for years.
Lord help Hawaii and their pineapples.
Jokes aside, when this team hits Honolulu, I don't know, who will be the most surprised, the team or the Hawaiian authorities.
As far as tlie Australians are concerned they will be greeted by famed Waikiki, which will have to be on its best behaviour to provide a sea that could equal our surf only on a strong westerly day.
As far as body shooting is concerned, well, our boys can forget all about it unless there happens to be a tidal wave.
As a carnival show they will be good.
Good enough, anyrate, for the many folks and organisations that are using an amateur association as a commercial publicity racket.
Here's wishing their success and plain sailing.

1939 'Stretched Himself 1½ in Season', Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), 22 June, p. 17. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,

The Telegraph
Brisbane, 11 July 1939, page 22.

Australian Life Savers Thrill Hawaiian Crowd
Quite at Home in 'Dangerous' Koko Head Breakers

By Phil Wynter, special Representative of "The Telegraph."

HONOLULU, July 10.
Fifteen thousand people drove 15 miles from Honolulu to watch the Australian surf team in an exhibition at -Koko Head ocean beach to-day.
The crowd screamed with excitement as the surf boat crew rode the choppy medium sized waves.
They were the first real breakers that the Australians had experienced here.
The waves at Waikiki have been only a foot. high, reminding the team of Sydney's harbour bound Balmoral beach on a windless day.
Themselves disappointed by the quiet surf, the Hawalians this morning prayed to the native gods to whip It up.
Coincidentally the wind rose bringing up bigger waves.

Hawalians Warn Australians.

The Hawaiians warned the Australians against taking their surf boards and boats into the surf at Koko Head because they thought it was too rough.
In their element at the sight of good surf, however, the Australians staged a carnival like those they have become used to at home.
They gave a rescue and resuscitation demonstration and then indulged in belt racing, board riding, and surf racing among themselves.
The huge crowd was spellbound at first and then continued to shout their delight at their first sight of Australian surf life saving activities.
Biddulph Prepares.

Robin Biddulph has an extensive dally training routine for his 800 metres clash on Wednesday with Bob Pirie (Canada) and Paul Wolfe (U.S.A.).
Plrie won the British Empire Games 110 yards and 100 yards titles in Sydney last year, defeating Bob Lievers (England) and Blddulph.
Wolfe Is from the University of Southern California and this year won the American National 100 metres title and was sent by the University to Honolulu instead of Ralph Flanagan.
He stars at all distances as does Pirle.
The second swimming carnival in which Blddulph will compete is on Friday and the third on July 19.
The Australians will compete in surf boat and surf board races against the Hawaiians and Americans in still water on Sunday, July 16.
The monster surf carnival which Is exciting intense interest will be held on Saturday, July 22.

Even in Honolulu, the home of surf-boat riding,
Australian exponents thrilled spectators with their work in "choppy" surf.

1939 'Australian Life Savers Thrill Hawaiian Crowd', The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), 11 July, p. 22. (SECOND EDITION), viewed 23 Aug 2016,

The Telegraph
Brisbane,  12 July 1939, page 2.

Biddulph's Team Beats Nakama's in Record Time
Pirie Swims 220 Yards in 2-13 2/5
By Phil Wynter, special representative, of " The Telegraph."

HONOLULU- July 11.
Robin Biddulph, a member of (he Australian surf, team, swam an excellent 220 yards to-night in the baths.
He was a member of a team which broke the American record for a four by 220 yard relay race.
Biddulph swam his 220 m 2 mins. lb secs.
The other members of his team were Bob Pirie (Canada), Paul Wolfe (U.S.A.). and Pete Powlison, an American born Hawaiian. Their times were Pirie (2.13 2'f>). Wolfe (2.19). Powlison <2.19).
. iW total time, Y mins. 0 2/5 sees,
clipped fO 3/5 sees, off the American
record,' and 0 3/5 sees, off the Empirr
Gnnies 'record, established by England's
The world's record is 8 mins 58 'sees.
Defeated Naknina's Team.
The composite team easily beat a Hawaiian team, consisting of K. Nakaina (2.15 -2'5>. Hirosc (2.19J). Ben
Tor 2.241). Josc Bnhnorcs 2.251).' BiH-
clulph will meet all these swimmers in
the ShO metres event to-morrow night;
Hnlf-mile Shiicits.

The Australian surfers had their first experience of big waves at Waikiki.
The surf-boat crew thrilled the crowd by shooting in for half-a mile.
L. Morath, the boardman, earned the praise of the Hawaiian beach boys, by catching waves farther out than the local champions.
The crowd outside the Royal Hotel made the reel squad give many encores of their drill and later the Australians surfed.
They shot waves on the body from 400 yards out.
"They're good," was the comment of one- local surfer, who tried but failed to emulate the feat.
The Australians consider they will put up a good showing in the big surf carnival on July 22.

1939 'Biddulph's Team Beats Nakama's in Record Time', The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), 12 July, p. 2. (SECOND EDITION), viewed 22 Aug 2016,

Barrier Miner
Broken Hill, NSW, 13 July 1939, page 3.

Surf Captain In Rescue

HONOLULU, July 12.
JACK CAMERON, captain of the Australian surf team now in Hawaii, was able to give ΰ practical demonstration of Australian life saving methods when he rescued two women from the surf today.
Cameron was paddling on his surf-board 500 yards from Waikiki beach when he heard the cries of two women struggling in the surf.
They were exhausted after having been thrown from their surfboards.
Cameron was able to take both women to the beach.
The Australian team has been invited by Mr. Christian Holmes, a millionaire, to spend a day at his home on Coconut Island, where an
elephant, imported from the Berlin Zoo, roams the garden.
Also in the garden is a giant tank full of fish.
Forty fishing rods are provided for the guests.
Mr. Holmes. also has a hothouse containing. 25,000 orchids, and refrigerators in all sorts of places so that cold liquor may be had at any
time and any place.

1939 'SEA DRAMA AT WAIKIKI', Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), 13 July, p. 3. (HOME EDITION), viewed 23 Aug 2016,

The Telegraph
Brisbane, 13 July 1939, page 1.

Australian Lifesaver Rescues Two Surfers At Famous Waikiki

While the Australian lifesaving team is in Honolulu chiefly for competitive and demonstration purposes, its captain-Instructor, Mr. Jack Cameron, was called upon yesterday to show some practical work in rescuing two girls, 500 yards from the beach at Waikiki.
Although one of the best exponents of orthodox lifcsaving in Australia, Jack Cameron saved his two patients by common sense methods that are not in the handbook.
The Australians have been invited to visit the palatial and fantastic home of millionaire Christian Holmes.
Full story on page 3.

1939 'Australian Lifesaver Rescues Two Surfers At Famous Waikiki', The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), 13 July, p. 1. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,

The Telegraph
Brisbane, 13 July 1939, page 3.

Australian Life-Saver Rescues Two Girls
Team To Be Guests of Millionaire Playboy at Fantastic Island Home
By Phil Wynter, Special Representative of " The Telegraph."

HONOLULU, July 12.
Two women were rescued in an exhausted condition by Mr. Jack Cameron, the captain-instructor of the Australian surf team, in the surf
at Waikiki this morning.
Jack Cameron was paddling a surfboard about 500 yards from the beach at Waikiki when he heard cries for help, and found two women
floundering exhausted and unnoticed.
They had fallen off their boards which had been washed away from them.
Jack Cameron helped them on to 'his own board and then paddled them ashore.

1939 'Australian Life Saver Rescues Two Girls', The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), 13 July, p. 3. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,

The Telegraph
Brisbane, 15 July 1939, page 7.

"Ginger" Rogers Rows With the Australian Life Saving Boat Crew
Movie Star Lured from Retirement By Team's Display

Special Representative of "The Telegraph."

HONOLULU, July 14.
"Ginger" Rogers, Hollywood film star, who had been "in smoke" since her arrival in Honolulu two days ago, was lured out to-day by the Australian surf team's display.
She took an oar in the surf boat and "cracked' Wakikik waves all day.
Arriving on the Lurline for a holiday Miss Rogers dodged reporters and photographers and got ashore unrecognised by wearing dark glasses and a wig.
She secreted herself in a luxury suite at the Royal Hawaiian Hotel, overlooking Waikiki Beach.
This morning, from her verandah, she saw the Australian surf boat crew — F. C. Davis. J. B. Harkness, R. A- Dickson, F. N. Braund and W. A. R. Mackney — grouped beside the boat
Who Are You Guys ?
"Hello, who are you guys?" asked Miss Rogers, walking up to them.
All hastened to explain that they were from Australia.
"Say, will you take me out In your boat?" she asked.
The boat could not have been launched quicker for an emergency rescue.
The dancing, singing film star rode three waves, each from halt-a-mile out. shouting with glee.
Throughout she sat beside Constable Wal Mackney, helping to pull his oar.
Out After Lunch
Miss Rogers, after luncheon, again spent the afternoon with the. crew in the boat
She has promised to travel with the team in its. motor coach to the swimming baths for to-morrow night's carnival.

1939 '"Ginger" Rogers Rows With the Australian Life Saving Boat Crew', The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), 15 July, p. 7. (SECOND EDITION), viewed 23 Aug 2016,

The Sydney Morning Herald
18 July 1939, page 15.

Australian Team in Honolulu.

Members of the Australian surf team competed in an open-water carnival.
Surfboard men won two events.
R. K. Russell (Palm Beach), L .Morath (Manly), C. R. Chapple (North Bondi), and L. Borman comprised the Australian team which won the mile surfboard relay for teams of four.
The Australians were in a seemingly hopeless position against two Honolulu teams, but made up their leeway and won by 40 yards.
The Australians also won the surfboard race over three-quarters of a mile by 20 yards from a local crew.
Jack May (Honolulu) won the half-mile surfboard race by 30 yards from Russell, with Chapple third.
In an open-water half-mile race, K. Nakaina (Honolulu) beat H. R. Biddulph (Australia) by 20 yards in 12m 40.5s, after Biddulph had
led at the three-quarter mark.
P. Powlison (Honolulu) was third, Hirosi (Maul) fourth, and R. Pirie (Canada) fifth.
There were 17 events.
The Australians did not take part in other contests.
There were at least 5,000 spectators.

1939 'SUREBOARD WINS.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 18 July, p. 15. , viewed 22 Aug 2016,

The Telegraph
Brisbane, 18 July 1939, page 3.

Biddulph Lost in Half Mile Swim.
Stops to Ask Way in Honolulu Games Event
Special Representative of "The Telegraph."

HONOLULU, July 17.
In the third carnival of the Pacific Games series, Robin Biddulph (Australia) in the half mile open water swim was beaten by Kiyoshi Nakama (Hawaii).
Biddulph, who led early, stopped three times during the race, once to inquire his way from a launch, once to find his bearings and once when he mistook the finishing line.
Australia won the three-quarter mile surfboat race and the mile surboard relay.
Russell (Australia) was second
in the three-quarter mile open surf board race, and Biddulph (Australia) was second in the half-mile open water swim.
The races were all conducted in the Alamoanna Canal.
Australia went to the front at the start of the surfboat event and were two lengths ahead at half way.
The Hawaiians finished, raggedly three lengths to the bad.
Australia's time was 6 rnins. 57 7/10 secs.
Russell's Fast Lap

Australia's winning surfboard relay
team, comprised Chapple, Boorman, Morath and Russell.
Hawaiia's No.1 team finished' second, 30 yards behind, and the No. 2 team was a further 60 yards back.
Australia's win was due to Russell, who in the last lap recovered a leeway of 20 yards and forged right away over the final 100 yards.
The time was 10 minutes 49 seconds.
Jack May, an American! living in Honolulu, won the open surfboard event by 20 yards from Russell, in 6 mins. 53 9/10 secs.
He paddled a most elaborate board equipped with a compass and a rudder.

Biddulph's 60 Yards Lead

Biddulph dashed away at the start of the half mile swim and at the halfway mark, was 60 yards ahead of Nakama, Plrie, Hirose, Powlison and Wolfe.
From then on he was forced to stop three times, once to ask his way from a launch, once to locate his bearings, and a third. time when his mistook the finishing line.
He swam in mid-channel against the tide while the rest of the field stayed inshore in the lee.
Nakama passed Biddulph in the final stages and won by 30 yards in 12 mins. 401 secs
Biddulph's time was 13 mins. 41 secs.
Powlison was third, Hirose fourth and Pirie fifth.
Biddulph finished fresh, but the others were exhausted.
Biddulph will swim
in 100, 200 and 500 metres events in a 25 yard pool on Wednesday.

Australian Carnival Next

The surf team will next appear in
an Australian style surf carnival, at Waikiki beach on Saturday, which will be broadcast over the N.B.C. network throughout America.
Details: —
K. Nakama (Hawaii). 12.40V? 1
R. Biddulph (Australia) 13.4V& .. .. 2
P. Powlson (Hawaii) „ . .. .. ' 3
T. Hirosi (Maul) «, .. <4
R. Plrle (Canada) .. .. ., 8

J, May (Hawaii)  1.
R. K. Russell (Australia) 2.
R. Chapple (Australia) 3.

Australia 1.
Hawaii No.1 ... 2.
Hawaii No. 2 ...  3

1939 'Biddulph Lost in Half Mile Swim', The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), 18 July, p. 3. (CITY FINAL LAST MINUTE NEWS), viewed 22 Aug 2016,

The Telegraph
Brisbane, 24 July 1939, page 3.

Honolulu Crowds Cause Curtailment Of Final Pacific Games Carnival
Thousands Thrilled By Australian March Past And R. and R. Demonstration

Special Representative of "The Telegraph"

HONOLULU. July 23.

The Australian surf team concluded its Honolulu Pacific Games visit with a monster surf carnival at Waikiki beach yesterday afternoon.
The Aus
tralian style programme had to be curtailed as thousands of spectators over flowed on to the narrow beach, crowding out the competitors.
The milling
thousands swarmed around the Australians cheering and applauding as they gave a characteristic march past
It was a unique spectacle at
Waikiki with the life savers wearing green and gold costumes and caps and carrying their banner and reel.
rescue and resuscitation squad drilled with machine like precision as the huge crowd fought around them for better vantage points.
Unable to clear the
people from the beach the officials ran only half of the scheduled programme.
Australia defeated Hawaii in the one mile surf boat race.
The crew was
F. C. Davis (sweep), J. B. Harkness (stroke), R. A. Dickson (3), F. N. Braund (2), W. A. R. Mackney (bow).
They gained the victory only by holding a wave which broke a quarter of a mile from the beach and shooting it to the shore.


The Hawiians surprised by leadin
g by two lengths rounding the buoys after the half mile row out.
They finished only a length behind the Australians.
The race was prac
tically a straightout row as the surf was the flattest experienced at Waikiki.
The wave the Australians
caught was small and slow running and they still had to continue rowing.


Hawaii won, the one-mile surf board
race, using the Hawaiian short paddle boards 12 feet long.
Competitors drew
lots for the boards.
The Australians
were well up with the leaders at the finish and Dick Chappie gained third place.
It was won by A. Love (Hawaii)
from T. Kiakona (Hawaii).
The Australians, R. Chapple, J. L. D. McKay, A. Fitzgerald, and W. A. R. Mackney, defeated Hawaii in a beach relay race.
The crowd marvelled at the
speed of the giants- McKay and Mackney.
R. K. ("Blue") Russell finished
second in a special unrestricted surf board race against 10 Hawaiians.
hollow boards were used and the race was won by G. Smith (Hawaii) from R. K. Russell (Australia) and A. Love (Hawaii). Russell was level with Smith 200 yards from the shore, but he lost 15 yards in avoiding fouling him.


The teams programme has now finished except for an all-day Hawaiian feast to-day, at which pigs are roasted in the ground.
The team sails from
Honolulu for Australia to-morrow.

The spectacular march past thrilled Hawaiian crowds at the final carnival of the Pacific Games.

1939 'Honolulu Crowds Cause Curtailment Of Final Pacific Games Carnival', The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), 24 July, p. 3. (CITY FINAL LAST MINUTE NEWS), viewed 23 Aug 2016,

The Sydney Morning Herald
24 July 1939, page 15.

Waikiki Boat Race Win.

HONOLULU, July 22. (A.A.P.)
The surfboat race was the feature of the aquatic carnival today on Waikiki Beach which was the concluding event in the Australian surf teams visit.
The distance was a mile and after a close struggle the Australian crew beat the Hawaiians by a Iength.
In the surfboard race of a mile, R. K. Russell of Australia was forced to swerve near the finish to avoid colliding with an opponent.
Russell finished second to George Smith (Honolulu).
In a second surfboard race the Hawaiians far outdistanced the Australians C. R. Chapple (fourth) F. Borman (fifth) and
L Morath (sixth).

1939 'AUSTRALIAN SURFERS.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 24 July, p. 15. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,

Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate
12 August 1939, page 7.


The Australian surf-boat crew amrazes a crowd of 15,000 people in the "'rough" surf at Koko Head Beach, near Honolulu.

(By "Corinthian.")

MR, HECTOR. SCOTT, the Newcastle memnber of the Australian surf team which visited Honolulu, returned lhis week convinced that Honoululu is the finest place in the world in which to live.
"Three members of the team got off the boat when we were leaving and reconsidered whether tilhey would go," said Mr. Scott, "Practically all of us are going bsck as soon as we can.
"Our lifesaving methods were a revolation to them, and they have formed a life-saving association," said Mr. Scott, who also described a meeting with Ginger Rogers, the flim star.
"Disappointed in Honolulul?' asked Mr. Scott.
"Why, it's perfect.
I went to New Zealand with the Australian surf team in 1937 and it's not a patch on Honolulu.
Houolulu is a fiuoseli tipgi pince, and just as beautiful as it's re ported to be.
You ought to see Wailiki Beachl with 200 surf boards and canoes; floating on the water and shooting the green waves.
The waves, which start to break aboult a mile off the sahore, are breaking slightly ,all the way in.
They are not so good for bodly shooting.
Theres not enough power in them.
I went 200 yards on otle one day but that was unusual.
People don't botlhier about body shooting there, you have to swim a mile out to 'crack' a wave.
"l've lever seen so many surfboards.
In an oatrigger club I counted 100 boards in one Iccli, and there are dozens of;.
I suppose there would be 2000 to 31100 boardn at the beach.
Many people stay near the edge as they do here,but most of tlhem go out on boards.
Nobody ever gives sharks a thought.
Sharks can got iI over the reef-don't nmak any nmis takn anout tlnt--but 'nobody has ever been taken.
You worry imore about hifs conger.eels which are in the coral than about shark.
The sand is so hot you wear whlite shoes so your feet won't be burnt, andl you wear them in the water to protect you from the coral
"The boards are at least four inches thick--much thicker than ours- and some are 15 feet long but they're as light is a feather, boys five and six years old and young girls ride the waves on. boards,
'lierR are so inlaiy .boards and canoes that they otrilte each oilier at times.
You often see outrigger canoes coming in with six or seven peolle in each one.
People on boards keep out of their way.
Everybody in tile canoe has a .paddle.
There is an Hawaiian steerman and anotlher in the middlle of the canoe.
Tourists pay two dollars each for tlhree trills in these canoes.
White women egage natives to take tlhem out on boards and they come in on a wave on the natives' shoulders.
Lifeguards in Water
"Their ideas of life-saving are comparitively primitive, there are no surf clubs like ours, Lifeguards are on duty only
stond 1s0 yards out in the water.
Most of the rescues are done witlh boards.
If a nlm weroe llnder tlio water for 10 minutes they would never. bring hint sound.
They don't know much about resusclation; our workl was an eyeopener to them.
 "They have formed a life.saving association snsd ruo going to form clubs and follow the handbook of the Surt Life.saving. Association of Aiustralia.
"No method of transpart was provided
. Kok Heoad lieaeh, where rwe gve o0110
lisplny, but 15,090 people nrr'ivedt In
atorcnara, E]veryblody in Honolultu hlis
..ear, voaen lftboys insd paporhoyS. Potarol
Is "lcclp, ond st treeadnl cost only foullr'
lhillings. We were told tlhat the surf
vnas ,rough, blt we showed tlhenm it w1as
inly molderate. We went through it with
nml without bell, on boards andll in tlhe
ont andl they were anlazed. Wo gave
wo or thiro reseC and rosuscitatint
isplays n nd tle boat 'crackedl' a shoot
v l out and camn rsight In, Tile dso
ighted crowd rushed down the boealh,
iurronsled the boys and a ,would not let
hemn como out of the water until. they
lad dono it again, 'The crowd was still
tanding roundl after it was nall over. That
leachl isn't as big as Nobbys, .wo people
vora: drowtned there a fQw" vo'arl ago,
That's why we. went there. There'S no
lifeguard tlhere althouglh a lot ofl people
swil thele.
"Thle sandi on their beaches is durlker
and not as. fine as ours, WThella tile tide
is in. Waikik.iBelLch is not moe thaIun
O20ft. wide. They pulled outrigger club
sheds down and hare artifieially widened
thile beach.
V'I saw Ginger RoIgers on the beach
on daRy and went up and i(trldcede
mlyself. Slhe was r'ery ftriecllJy. W'hen. tihe
boys saw whom I was withl thley deishled
up and sroundd 5raRd he'Ir. She has a cliarm.
ing persoallllity bult siah's not thle girl
you soee on. the sclreen. I-cr hair is
ginger all right. Sile is not i3 the 8same1
c?ass as asmany Austrnlinn girls. Al Jol
son's wife, l3uby Keeler, however, is
.enutiful. Ginger Rogers always (wel
conaed the boys, and they were the only
iele silhe woulld penk to el thle tele.
phone.l ,
* ,
"A Happy Family"
"The people in ionolulu are a habpy
family There are Chinese, Japanese,
Filipinoes, Hawaiian, A\melricana, . Eag.
lishmen and a few Australians. oan can
drink until midightll but yon' don't see
drunken people. They won't serve yoell
If they think von have had enough. If
you are hfiid fora dlrunkeaness the
manager of the place where you o
drunk is fined, too. The wages are 1hgh
and the working holrs short. Thd cot
of living is high, too, of cujlie. People
start work at 8.30 am, and finish at 3.40
p.m. and1 theanl srf Intil 7. Some n per
soons surf in tile moonlllillt. The averlago
girl shop assiAtant, receives aboullt 40 a
week. . ,
"Dlhio .Knhananloku n; thile sheriff of
Heonollll, is worshipped by thile people.
Iie Is prlatically king dild wloat 11e s5y1
goes. He Is ahaollt 52 bllt hlae still &
good s5willnmer lih gave anll exhibition
lt NWoieastloe yearlll ago:.
"1'' wrll trealtl wlllurleifull; we could0
ave o0110 to fl or fire partiec \roa k
Tllelroello elase distilctioll aInd no11 colour
lille. 'Tle auolltllorities provilde larks
every few m-iles for childreno, al1 thlree
or ola, ILstruletors teachlilg liwinnIIdg alnd
bull.gamIes tlhere. Tlhe parks are full of
Ioys. Pinell lel grolwillg lanld sugar.cano
are tlia nmin industries,. There are mihu
of pineapl Ilalntlatiolns
whitelo pele, ad workedl by Jopanese anld
I rilipiloes, .'1 prodllucts are sent all' over
"TheImoon isaso bright the night is like
lay. lawaiial 111s101 is 3always beingl
played, Ald eul thLr play tlMOe ellitura:
ant11 ulleliel Thley IlIlk tllel talk. T'lhere
lare no illemployel, alol1 tlhey ldonl't llow
what110 thle dlle is. At tillmea they bioadcast
from illn tile wiater and youll ea'n hear tlhe
waves lappillgoh oVi Willki Beachll. They
st-t1d upl to 'he waist inll the water with
00olinrophono, anhllaIl e anllotller micro.
phone in front. of on 1-owniian bnld on
the veralldah, 1'. Po e listenilng, in caui
Ilear'. ell solaltilng u s they come in on
!'You.canl't Ihelp bllg impressed with
the marveollous way tley live in 'llonolhlu.
We haIlve the righlt 'colltry, but we don'et
live the righlt vway. Look at ollr ridicu*
lolls llmcw lothesllO, for instance. Tlihey
lnever wanr collars anl nobody: dlrenser
feor'dinner, Nobody over plts thelir alirt
inildo thlir trousers. We tlhoulIht it was
funnlllly at first, bllt oon became ?sel to it.
The shirts do p te middle lll lilke1 n clnta
"11d ore Olml v lro, They ore g?y, likeg
ilifd there, 'Th0 girls wei slaunls'
Vivid Shirts and Truniks
ir.. Scott took otit vivil shis n?nd
trunks with pltlr'os of. plnthn trec, and
conoes on thbl., "'Who ~ul 1. won't weai
them?" he said. "Wait till 'it getol hot
and(( yo'll see.(0,
"We had nplileasant trip oveor nold
noliodh otly ' w , olo, M ' peop1e' n the
nhhp, iJnelnllng hrry Alc'r the famno11
noilnthorgan player, o edgiod theair plan
aond got olf nL Unnlolllhl nd follod ed the
team, h61ot, When we were in the tropico
overyhody. tIok their beds on ,lio deck.
We hld toh bole h di nt 11 o'Cloek ovary
night, anod ( exerehosi on' othe'top ok t at
0 ove), nmorninIg. T1i'e0 we nl?led slx
mnle oron11l lti dock, pingio Anatl'olin
0nige1n. We troined iII the. 1:hoa'0 maol,
Which is fiee foot doo, and0 took i hI
tnrns Ltto s?li i n a belt alttnolhledl to the
wall by oan aliitia r loe. TiOe rose0 annd
reenimitation teamnldrilled freqclentir.
"lolhin Illiddlph did very well n the
tilllnlator events at Iiannlu li,'Il wo' s In
front five yards fromn the flidih of tlhe
140 yard0, a01d .e tlolight 1ln wo. going to
win, Ido 0a0 )Ilnrron,,l Intea)t) I foot
tilme, in both races. If heo had kept to
inatllrletiosll hel. wolld Ihavoe won thle ohaon
nl ohwlln of over a lll0, Io nasn 80 yordh
ahead with lea tlhan halnf way to go, bli1
strnck the enorrent and Was heaten by 21
rordtod. K, h'nkaln, tiomJapaneoe who
visited Alotraii n reeontly, Ient hinm, Ni;
kIlnma Rwnm alonl theo wator's edge with
blls hands nlmost* touching the bottom, ,,
"Tug vit hud to come1 to )n Cil(i, 0n0)
voetai'nl we follln thit it wia tillo .to
n, Ahot tlloil the d tieioinnle 001o edonc
to the (1001) to 0e0 u1 off. We woero ontlth
orcd in loio, TlieO wore 11neying1 Hownitno
)nztaie--"loi', You, 1(w100thenrt0, Aho -
nld t(hat Iniilea ,appictls stronglv to .the
emotions, Molany people, iiloll1ling Japo.
n000 0)ll1 ChIhocO, Oe1'o eryhig?, (11)1 1)110 00
I1 of "the 0i(n lirok down00(, .Three
eioln)berl of the tleal) got off tthe hoIst,
0n0) rco?nnsdoriet welsothlrl they wntoldi go,
One toenrd a coln.
"Paul 1Wolfe, a Irl lient Am'ori ,n , who
0wimh) 100 ynrd 'in 'latn1 ti)hn Oteac,, nid
Inh Pirie onf Canadal, wl0 won te 2210
ordo, tidok oI' thoi1' olnthes on thie dook
ioed' into the lar ii r in their 11ndler.
.InaItO, and s(wam1)' a0nlt)0l a 11i) omt withl
tIle hot 11111ti the rOni(tgn( ard ship0, whloh
lo lihoe 0)nst1 dllstnoyer, ,s oploln 1:thm
111d l,hs' 000(0 hlok, ' I?n,? inlle'onclil
tUo, some .1t11, JuO nos.aoon, ao I con,"

1939 'AUSTRALIANS IN "ROUGH" SURF', Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , 12 August, p. 7. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,

Evening Star.
Washington, D.C., November 11, 1939, page 17.

Some of the entrants for the second annual national paddleboard surfing championships, to be held at Long Beach, Calif., December 2, shown perfecting their form in a dry land drill under the direction of Alvin Bixler, Pacific Coast surfing champion.
These girls, members of the Long Beach team, are (left to right) Dorothy Fincannon, Marion Stearns, Dale de Klyhe, Betty Lindley, Jane Walsh, Gerry Warnick, Onalee Smith and Mary Weissker.
 — Wide World Photo.

Chronicling America
Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 11, 1939, Image 17
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC
Persistent link:

The Newcastle Sun
29 August 1939, page 5.

Surfing Days Again . . .
                 Snow Over New Zealand

CROWDS FLOCKED to the beaches yesterday, but in spite of the warm weather, many found the water too cold for swimming.
At any rate, it was not too cold for this young man in football jersey, riding in on a surfboard.

1939 'Surfing Days Again . . .Snow Over New Zealand', The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), 29 August, p. 5. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 18 December 1939, page 4.


OUT of the blue so to speak comes news of Blue Russell s engagement to Nancy Heinz, heiress to the canning millions (57 different varieties so the labels say).
The official announcement appears elsewhere on this page.

Blue met his future bride in Honolulu where she was spending the summer vacation and he was a member of the Australian surf team.
Maybe his prowess on the surf boards had something to do with the romance and maybe the meeting was responsible for his journeying to the United States from Honolulu.

One of the most versatile men in Sydney, 'Blues' activities have included running a dress shop, working a pneumatic drill on the roads and wool buying.
He is always recognisable in the surf because he wears a green felt hat as he gets so seriously sunburnt. 

Announcement of Russell-Heinz engagement and some brief career details.

The Age
Melbourne, 28 December 1939, page 9.

The envy of those who had to return to work yesterday were those fortunate people who stayed by the seaside.

Austin Tobe and David Deans shooting the breakers.

Misses Allie Hamilton and Lesley Bell carrying their surf boards to the sea at Portsea.
1939 'BRILLIANT SUNSHINE BRINGS HOLIDAY MAKERS OUT OF DOORS', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 28 December, p. 9. , viewed 23 Aug 2016,



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Geoff Cater (2008-2016) : Newspapers, 1939.