for primates : a catalogue of surfboards in australia since
Paoa Kahanamoku in Australia.
kahanamoku : february 1915
Newspaper Extracts :
Menu : Introduction.
Wednesday 3rd February 1915, page 3.
Saturday was a blank day as far as carnivals were concerned,
but next Saturday will be the reverse.
or the Kahanamoku party provides the reason for actlvity In
both surfing and swlmming sectlons of the sport.
sprinter and surf-board exponent will make hls first public
appearance In the surf at the Dee Why Club's carnival, and
if the waves be at all suitable, his exhibitlon of
board-rldlng in various attitudes should be worth
stands upright on the board, and is also at home standing on
his head and balanclng In various positlons as the
board shoots towards the shore.
achievement, so far alone mastered by him, is to take a
passenger on the board with him.
Cunha, the travelling companion of Kahanamoku, and one who,
on his performance in the hundred yards championship or the
State may be classed as the fastest white swimmer in Ihe
world, is Iisted to make another appearance at the Domaln
Baths, where he will meet Barry and other speedy local
performers over the 100 metre course in a special handicap
at the Ladies Association championshlp carnival.
the record for the dlstance, but Barry Is showing such fine
form, that the dlfference between the two in their one
contest was so Ilttle, that both are looking forward to
Association has also arranged for the troupe of divers, led
by Len. McCarthy, to give an exhibition of high tower
acrobatic diving, a branch of the art which has not so far
been mastered by the fair sex.
these two items, the whole of the programme will be confined
to girl swimming, and Miss Fanny Durack will be called upon
to defend her championship titles against the fast-improving
Lottie Fevyer, Marjorie Winn, Aggie Sly, and others.
Wylie, who has been a very consistent performer for many
years at these galas, will be an absentee owing to an
carnival—an important one, too— will also be held at
Sydney and Rose Bay Clubs have joined forces for the day.
champlonships besides the Harris Cup high diving
competition, in which all the leading exponents of the art
are entered as representatives of their respective
districts, will be decided.
Longworth will make his re-appearance, after his unfortunate
illness, in the 220yds Eastern districts' championship, and
it is predicted by his club-mates that new Australasian
figures will be created.
quarter-mile Northern Suburbs' championship, T. Adrian, the
State champion, will be challenged by club-mate G. Wyld, and
Cotton, the North Sydney rep.
carnival will clash with that of the ladies, it has been
arranged that the divers, and also Barry, Cunha, and others
will appear at both fixtures, and a launch will be utilised
to transfer these competitors from one bath to the other.
next D. P. Kahanamoku will make his last swimming appearance
in Sydney, when he will appear at the Drummoyne Club's gala
in a special hundred yards invitation handicap.
will consist of one heat, in which only the best sprinters
will be invited to start.
provides an ideal course for a fast swim, as, although the
laps are short (33 1-3 yards), the width of the enclosure
minimises the trouble experienced in other small baths of a
jobbled state of water for the scratch man.
will give starts to all the men, which means that he will
have to move considerably faster than if he were to meet the
same field in a championship, and, that being so, a new
record should be created.
main event, the programme includes no fewer than four
Cup medley event, in which three swimmers from each district
will swim relays of hundred yards by means of the back
stroke, breast stroke, and free style, is new to Sydney.
A few of the
nations are anxious to have such an event included in the
programme of the Olympic Games, so that, from many points of
view, the item will be of considerable interest.
yards teams championship of the western districts should
provide an even tussle between the Drummoyne and
Rechabite clubs, and both are anxious to gain the
Association's standard time certificate.
yards club championship and 50 yards junior championship
will also be decided.
include an exhibition swim by Miss Fanny Durack, world's
lady champion, diving and novelty events, and handicaps.
Cunha, the Hawaiian swimmer, will not take part in the
special 100 yards race, but will give a special swim
over a distance to be selected.
competitors in the event as opponents of Kahanamoku will be
Barry, Longworth, Boardman, Solomon, Hay, and Page.
proportion of the seating accommodation has already been
sold, so that the success of the venture is practically
In the polo
competitions, Sydney are leading in the first grade with two
points, and in the second grade Pyrmont and Sydney each have
easily defeated Mosman last Saturday, and the meeting
between the two leaders should provide some excellent polo.
and Sydney held 220 yards handicaps last Saturday, a feature
that cannot be too highly valued.
column attention has often been drawn to the too frequent 50
yards events at the "Village" to the detriment of promising
fact that seven heats were necessary to decide the furlong
event on Saturday shows that the members appreciate a change
to a longer race now and again.
yards is the most important distance to Australians, in view
of the world's teams' championship being decided in relays
of that length.
improved considerably over the distance, and on Saturday put
up 2m 36 2-5s, an improvement of several seconds on his best
alteration to his stroke is responsible for this.
champion deserves every credit for his perseverance in
mastering this distance.
held heats of its Longworth Cup, 500 yards event, and again
William Longworth qualified for the final by swimming second
in his heat.
has a very substantial lead in this competition, and looks
all out a winner of the cup presented by his father.
Melbourne Club has arranged its programme for the visit of
Kahanamoku on Saturday, February 13, and Monday, February
On the first
day the 100 yards and diving championships of Victoria will
be decided, but as only State residents are eligible to
compete in the championships a special 100- metres event has
been included for the visitors.
function will be carried out at St. Kilda Baths, but the
Monday fixture will be held at the City Baths, and a 220
yards race is listed for Kahanamoku.
has arranged a special 150 yards race for the Hawaiian
visitors, who will appear in that city on Wednesday,
It is an
effort to secure Longworth and Kahanamoku over a course
likely to make an even contest.
It will be
interesting to note the doings of Kahanamoku over this
distance, and yet another Australian record may go to the
credit of the visiting team after the event.
Wednesday 3rd February 1915, page ?
Melbourne, 3 February 1915, page 10.
MR. W. W. HILL
SYDNEY, Feb. 1
Mr W. W. Hill, or, as he is familiarly styled, 'Billy' Hill,
has, owing, to pressure of business, resigned from, the
executive of the Swimming Association.
T; him the sport owes more than it can ever repay, and it was
largely owing to him that Australia and New Zealand have been
afforded the opportunity of seeing Kahanamoku and his
'Billy's' face almost lost its perennial smile after he had
set out to overcome the difficulties that stood in the way of
But he succeeded. / '.- ? ?-?'.?'?.?'.-'-'-.?' ?';
The way was
made: clear at Rose Bay Baths, on Saturday -;las't for :the
final of .the 'Longworth Cup, ;-a' handicap of 500 yards
which' will -be swum at the North Sydney ? carnival , on.
Three heats were decided, H. .Wielaridt (60 sec.) beating N.
Longworth (90 sec), arid C. Longworth (i20:sec:),;in 7 min.'
22: sec. in the firsti F. Jenkins:(55 sec.) beat W.!
Longrwbrth (scr.) and E. Cum mins (105 sec.) in .the second,
the- time being 7 rriin. 17 sec, while' B. Abotdmey (150 sec),
-accounted' for E.; Smedley (75 see.)' 'and J. M'Burney (110
sec) iri the third, in 8 min. 36 sec. .;' ;? ?L. Levy (20 sec)
won a . 50 yards handicap at the Sydney Amateur Club on
'Saturday, in '41 sec. 1* Boardman (1 sec), the Olympic,
swimmer,-, was third in his heat to A. Fumess (10 sec), the
time being 34 1-5 sec A. W. Barry (2 sec) ; made his '
appearance in a heat of a' '220 yards handicap, and dead
heated for second place with A. M'Alis ter, 26 sec, H. Voss
(36 sec) being first. The 'time was Z min. 10 sec.
1915 'MR. W. W. HILL RESIGNS.', Winner
(Melbourne, Vic. : 1914 - 1917), 3 February, p. 10, viewed 4
The Brisbane Courier
Thursday 4 February 1915, page 3.
DEPARTURE OF KAHANAMOKU.
of the Hawaiian party, Duke Kahanamoku, George Cunha, and
Francis Evans (manager) - arrived by yesterday's mail train
from Mt. Morgan and Rockhampton, and spoke
appreciately of the treatment given them.
continued their journey south by the Osterley, which left
the New Farm Wharf at 11 o'clock yesterday.
those that bade them farewell were Messrs. D. M. Carter
(Chairman of the Q.A.M.A.), A.J. Wilkins (sec. treasurer),
W. Finnemore (sec. treasurer, Q.C.U.), A. Andersen, and E
Sydney Morning Herald
Thursday 4th February 1915, page 12.
ago the New Zealand ASA arranged the itinerary to be carried
out by D. P. Kahanamoku in connection with his tour of the
included carnivals up to March 27, but as the members of the
Hawaiian party were booked to leave Auckland ... 168 words
South WaIes Amateur Swimming Association has approved of the
following records established by D. P. Kahanamoku and George
Cunha at the State championship carnivals on January 2 and
53 4-5s by D. P. Kahanamoku.
63 3-5s, by George Cunha.
are also Australian best performances, and will be submitted
to the Australian union for recognition as such.
yards record is also the world's best, and will be forwarded
to the International Federation for recognition.
Friday 5th February 1915 page 7.
DEEWHY SURF CARNIVAL
surf and beach carnival will be held tomorrow afternoon, and
will be followed in the evening by an open air concert.
Part of the
afternoon's entertainment will be a surf board display by
Duke Kahanamoku, and many other attractive items have been
Sydney, 5th February 1915, page 2.
SURF SHOOTERS TAKE NOTICE THAT
will give an
exbibition, and show you how to shoot the breakers, at
SATURDAY AFTERNOON, COMMENCING AT 3 P.M.
steamer from No. 3 Jetty, Circular Quay. connecting with
trams at Manly
Adults 4d; Children 2d.
1915 'Advertising.', Evening News (Sydney, NSW :
1869 - 1931), 5 February, p. 2, viewed 4 February, 2015,
Friday 5th February 1915, page 1.
The Surf Expert
Kahanamoku, the 100 yds. world's champion swimmer, will
visit Cronulla Beach on Sunday afternoon and will give an
exhibition at 3 o'clock.
invitation of the Cronulla Surf Club he will visit the
beauty spots of the Sutherland Shire.
The St. George Call
Saturday 6th February 1915, page 5.
Kahanamoku, the World's Champion, at Cronulla on Sunday
A big draw.
bathing Association' officials visited Cronulla on Sunday
last to put through a number of members for the
following were successful: J. Hallet, N. Deacon, F. Postle,
E. Wilshire, L. Newman, S. Short, C. Ray, R. Whipp, W. Duff,
to these it will be pleasing to know that Capt. Stroud and
Vice-Captain Cutherbertson secured the Association's highest
award - that of Instructor.
Saturday Referee and the Arrow
Sydney, 6th February 1915, page 6.
SURF AND SURFERS
"Whatever you do, don't miss seeing the Duke on the board if
you get an opportunity," has been the admonition, or, rather,
entreaty, that those lucky enough to witness one of
Kahanamoku's few private trials in the surf in Sydney have
since been continually urging upon their less fortunate
His world's record-breaking sprints as a spectacle are
declared to be tame by comparison with his thrilling and
really marvellous balancing feats, as he dashes shore-wards
astride a wave.
From time immemorial the Hawaiians have indulged this
sensational pastime, but their legendary does not extol the
prowess of a more accomplished exponent than the Duke.
His skill in the manipulation of the board has made him just
as conspicuous amongst his compatriots as his exceptional
ability has caused him to stand out like a Colossus amongst
At any rate, it can be assumed he is indisputably world's
champion in the one sphere of endeavor, as he has proved
himself to be undoubtedly so in the other.
Seeing that tourists cross the Pacific for the especial
purpose of viewing the Hawaiians in general, and the Duke in
particular, exercising their favorite recreation, it would
indeed have been a regrettable circumstance had our celebrated
visitor been permitted to leave our shores without the public
being given a chance to behold one of these edifying
We were threatened with this occurrence - I might almost say,
calamity - but the Dee Why Life-saving Club, however, as it
were, came to the rescue.
Just as its members displayed pluck and nerve in extricating
distressed bathers from their predicament on Sunday last, so
did its controlling officials show grit and the courage of
their convictions in facing the financial risks necessary in
order to enable them to provide patrons of their carnival this
afternoon with an opportunity of satisfying a keenly-felt wish
in this respect.
Yes, let it be borne in mind that the famous surfing blondin,
Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, is to make his first and last be it
remembered public appearance at Dee Why to-day.
It is pleasing to know that affiliated clubs have rallied
round the small, but enterprising, local organisation, as a
result of which other events on the programme will be in
keeping with the principal attraction, and the function, as a
whole worthy of the occasion.
Entries sent in totalled nearly 800, representing the huge
number of 250 individual competitors, and 13 different clubs.
Fixtures have been split up into 10 separate events, surf and
beach events being set down for decision alternately.
The humorous as well as the serious aspect has been taken into
A clever typical farce, as portrayed by "Hickey's Hoboes," has
been included at considerable expense on the part of the
promoters for the benefit of those who crave for mirth of a
The various roles have been well rehearsed, and it promises to
be a comedy the like of which has not been seen at an affair
of the kind before.
Officials have laid themselves out to expedite the running of
the show in every conceivable way, and have no misgivings as
to their being found wanting, on that score, and Mr. Dorman
voices that conviction by declaring "we are going to above all
give an illustration of how a carnival can be handled with all
possible despatch, but without confusion."
The bravery - I use the term advisedly - displayed by A. Bates
at Little Coogee recently in persisting in going to the rescue
of a drowning person, despite his having been severely injured
by being washed against the rocks, has induced his club-mates
to give tangible evidence of their admiration.
He has been made the recipient of a handsome and
appropriately-designed gold medal to commemorate the act.
Several matters of importance were dealt with at last Monday
night's meeting of the council.
The keenness and enthusiasm of the debates, no less than the
intelligent thought evidenced as having been brought to bear
upon the subjects diicussed, testified to the present healthy
vicorous condition of organised surfing.
The president, who as usual, presided, submitted a minute
embodying a number of pertinent recommendations, which the
delegates adopted in their entirety.
Mr. Patterson in one instance, directs the Association's
attention to the splendid work performed at Dee Why and
Maroubra on Sunday, and particularly the proved usefulness of
the surf boat at the former place.
He described the incidents as being of the most meritorious
character, and such as reflecting the greatest credit on the
individuals concerned and the bodies to which they belonged.
He suggested that the appreciation of the Association be
conveyed to both clubs, and that the Warringah Shire Council
be congratulated on the fact of the existence of the boats
having so soon been justified, as well as their action in
providing them. This proposal having received formal
endorsement, Mr. Geoffrey Cohen urged, in view of the number
of rescues effected by members of life-saving clubs, wherein
not only exceptional skill, but also pluck, is exhibited, but
which seldom secure recognition at the hands of other
societies, the advisability of the Association considering the
question of issuing some form of commendation certificate of
The idea met with a very favourable reception, but it was
decided to refer the proposition to the executive for report
generally as to what shape the award will take, or perhaps
devise some other means of achieving the end sought to be
The instructor-in-chief (Mr. W. Craven) took the opportunity
of visiting Thirroul on the holiday with the object of
enquiring into the circumstances surrounding the fatality
which occurred there recently.
He reported to the meeting that whilst a life-saving club has
its headquarters there, the great majority of its members were
week-enders only consequently very little skilled protection
was afforded the large number of visitors who are located
there for lengthy terms, and bathe on ordinary days.
Three lines and belts are available, but it is undersood on
the occasion of the accident referred to no capable swimmer
was in the vicinity to render assistance.
Mr. Craven also pointed out that the class of people who
patronise the resort are mostly of the inexperienced type,
thereby, of course, adding greatly to the attendant risks
involved under the state of affairs obtaining at present.
It was resolved to write to the local council emphasising the
dangerous aspect of the system in vogue, and requesting it to
endeavor to bring the club, particularly as regards
residential members, up to a higher state of efficiency.
Or, failing in this, prompting the constitutional authorities
to take the lead in some public movement, which they probably
could initiate to instal a permanent life-saver on the beach
continually during the Summer months.
While the above statements refer particularly to Thirroul, Mr.
Craven said that at places like Austinmer, Stanwell Park,
Coledale, very much the same remarks apply.
Discussion was precipitated on the vexed question as to what
constitutes an amateur and whether it lay within the power of
the Association to sanction League footballers competing at
carnivals run under its auspices, without endangering the
status of swimmers according to the rules of the A.S.
As is invariably the case, there was great divergence in the
sentiments expressed, and animated argument ranged about the
topic, but with the inevitable unconvincing termination.
Eventually a decision was arrived at to move in the direction
of arranging a conference of all amateur organisations with
the intention of endeavoring to find a more mutually
satisfactory solution of the problem, and also settle many
other contentious points that have obtruded themselves of
late, so as to make the existing definition more ambiguous.
The Sporting Federation will in all probability be approached,
at an early date, to convene such a meeting.
Hitherto it has been the custom of the Surf-bathing
Association to prohibit League men from participating in any
events except the rescue and resuscitation competition, but
under the motion recently passed by the Amateur Athletic
Association several of the Northern District clubs have been
informed that their League members, on signing the necessary
declaration on the form provided, would be eligible to take
part in any beach event against affiliated surfers and
The Swimming Association, on the other hand, have notified the
S.B.A. that if this course is adopted it will be a
transgression of its rules, and any swimmer so offending will
be liable to disqualification.
On delegates being made fully aware of their responsibilities
in this connection a substantial majority of them voted in
favor of a determination to adhere strictly to regulations
previously observed - that is to say, of confining all events
other than rescue and resuscitation to amateurs only.
The Newcastle clubs however, are to be advised that there is
no objection to their placing on their programmes special
items for League men to compete in alone.
At Mr. Patterson's instigation it was agreed to defray the
expenses of Wollongong and Newcastle teams qualifying for the
final of the Pennant Championship to the extent of first-class
steamer or second rail fares.
The president also proposed that the final be contested at
Bondi Beach on March 27, and that it take the form of a
championship carnival, to be entirely run by the Association,
which was carried, the Executive being authorised to arrange a
programme and complete all details with regard to the
afternoon function, and likewise to make provision for a smoke
in the evening, should a suitable hall be procurable in the
locality for the purpose.
The North Steyne Club presented 18 candidates for the bronze
medallion of the Royal L.S. Society during the week, the whole
batch passing successfully.
In addition, Messrs. Cyril Whitehead and L. Puccinni gained
Messrs. C. D. Patterson, W. Thomas, and J. B. Pym, on behalf
of the S.B. Association, examined two squads for the bronze
award at Cronulla on Sunday last.
Although the water conditions were extremely severe, 12 out of
the 14 candidates fulfilled requirements to the satisfaction
of the judges.
F. Stroud, captain of the club, and A. Cuthbertson,
vice-captain, were also successful in obtaining instructors'
certificates, and the Association has since appointed them to
the Board of Examiners.
The second heat (Metropolitan District) of the Pennant
Championship was decided at Coogee last Saturday, and resulted
in a win for the local club by a narrow margin, the scores
being : Coogee, 56.74 points; Bondi "A," 56.22; Manly "A,"
55.41; North .Steyne, 52.91; Bondi "B," 52.25; North Bondi,
52.05. It is significant to know that the captain of the
Cook's Hill Club was a spectator of pro- ceedings at Coogee,
particularly with the ob- ject of gleaning any hints for the
improvement of his team. On being questioned afterwards as to
what he thought of the display, he re- marked quietly, but
with perfect confidence, "I think we can beat them." Balmoral
Beach Club has now been admitted to the Association on the
understanding that it will not include water contests in any
pro- gramme of events it may arrange, owing to the
acknowledged danger from sharks in still water. K. V. Holmes
(vice-captain North Steyne Club) has been appointed delegate
for the Aus- tinmer Club on the Council. Freshwater Club is
holding its annual carni- val on March 13, at which the
semi-final of the Pennant Championship will be brought off.
The Council endorsed the Executive's recommenda- tion that the
first heat be re-run at Manly on the 27th inst., in
consequence of irregularities, all the clubs interested having
intimated that they were perfectly in accord with this
decision. Collaroy Club's carnival is set down for next
Cronulla are making to-morrow a big day, the special
attraction being the presence of Duke Kahanamoku, who is to be
entertained by the club.
I have to thank the president for an invitation, of which I
shall be glad to avail myself.
1915 'THE SURF AND
Referee and the Arrow (Sydney, NSW : 1912 - 1916), 6 February, p. 6, viewed 4
Sydney Morning Herald
Saturday 6th February 1915, page 18.
no fewer than three very important carnivals to be held this
Hawaiian party will endeavour to be represented at all of
of Kahanamoku at the carnival at Deewhy Beach should prove
It will be the
first public appearance of the world's champion on the
surfboard, and, as he has no equal in the control and
manipulation of the implement, the display he will give should
prove an eye-opener.
exhibition, several lifesaving events, including the
premiership and several beach sports, will be held, and the
entries received constitute a record, every club being
officials and competitors will be entertained after the
carnival at an al fresco dinner.
TOUR IN QUEENSLAND.
P. Kahanamoku, George Cunha, and Francis Evans, the Hawaiian
Swimming Team, who have been touring Queensland, returned to
Sydney yesterday morning by the Osterley.
report having made an extensive tour of the Northern State,
which they competed at Allora, Brisbane, Rockhampton,
Maryborough, and Mount Morgan.
Owing to the
Queensland rules not allowing other than residents to
compete in the State championships, all the races were
handicaps, in which Kahanamoku and Cunha had to concede long
majority of the events were created in every city visited.
Evening News (Sydney,
NSW : 1869 - 1931), 6 February, p. 7, viewed 4 February, 201
KAHANAMOKU AT DEE WHY.
Tho Dce-wby Surf Club held Its aeoond tin nual carelral this
afternoos In dull and pleasant weather. There were about two
Tbe chief attraction waa a display on a surf board by Duke
Knhanomoku, who performed all kinds or tctobiUc oats on the board.
Ue sfterwurds earned a lady passenger.
Altoge ther It ww an Interesting exhibition.
Ano ther attractive featuro vaa a hiunorout rro ctsslon, and
'Rickey's Hobos' provided a lot ot tun. The mnreh-p«st o! tbe
different surt cubs was a tine sight. Resulta: ORAKD PAiRADE OF
OLTJBS.-Dee-Whr. 1: North Sterne, t THRBB-LBOOED HACE.— Nonh
Steynn (H. and r. NlehoUa), 1; Collaroy (N. Blaken and J. Bit), t.
WWle the OanedlBS Highlanders wear kalis, and an «e tit, trcw, aad
tarty as our own Hltnlaaosn, Mr IsOMaCt. It ntneh. What a reeepUen
the* 'wlll h»re tow the Chan »»!. thaw lhtat ponfiaWoitlcM ot
1915 'SURF CARNIVAL.', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869
- 1931), 6 February, p. 7, viewed 4 February, 2015,
6th February 1915 page 6.
DEE WHY SURF CARNIVAL
annual carnival of the Dee Why Surf Club was held this
afternoon at Dee Why Beach.
attendance was large.
principal attraction was a display on the surf board by
through all sorts of acrobatic meats (sic).
meats" is a printer's error and should be "acrobatic
|The Sporting Judge
6 February 1915 page 1.
St Kilda Baths ... Saturday,
City Baths ... Monday,
12 February 1915 page ?
contributed by Craig Baird, Australian
National Surfing Museum,Torquay,
7th February 1915 page 8.
DEE WHY SURF CARNIVAL
annual carnival of the Dee Why Surf Club was held yesterday at
Dee Why Beach.
attraction was a display on the surf board by Kahanamoku.
through all sorts of acrobatic feats.
is essentially a reprint of the previous day's report.
previous printer's error, "acrobatic meats" , has been
corrected in the next day's edition.
1915 'CARNIVAL AT DEE WHY.', Sunday
Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), 7 February, p. 13, viewed
4 February, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120792408
CARNIVAL AT DEE WHY
KAHANAMOKU ATTRACTS THOUSAADS
Deewhy had a day out yesterday.
The local surf clubs annual carnival was on, but the big attraction
was Duke Kahanamoku, who went down to show the natives how to ride
the surf board. The board is as big as the bottom of a boat, and
Kahanamoku went out so far on it that the crowd thought he was off
But about half a mile out he suddenly turned caught the breaker, and
electrified the audience by kneeling, standing, and upending himself
on the board, finishing up by diving a somersault when the breaker
On one occasion he disappeared.
'There goes his board, someone shouted.
"Thats not his board, said someone else, "that's one of his feet."
And so it was.
Kahanamoku, kept up these stunts for an hour, and gave a great
For part of the time he was accompanied by Miss Letham, of
Freshwater, an Australian girl swimmer, who, it is said, only comes
out of the surf to eat and sleep.
On one occasion both swimmers stood riding the board for about two
Duke received an ovation at the conclusion of his display.
The crowd at the carnival was the biggest that had ever congregated
at Deewhy since the inland aboriginals came down to spear fish in
the lagoon and dance corroborees round their shell-fish heaps on
About four thousand were present.
There was a big programme, and the various events were spiritedly
The surfing and live-saving events were under the control of the
N.S.W. Surf Bathing Association.
The days sport was concluded with an open-air concert last night.
GRAND PARADE AND MARCH PAST. — Dee Why 1, Collaroy 2.
THIRD ROUND (Metropolitan Division) RESCUE AND RESUSCITATION
COMPETITION FOR 1915 CHAMPION- SHIP PENNANT OF SURF-BATHING
ASSOCIATION OF N.S.W. — Bondi A, 57.77 points; Manly A, 57.49
points; Coogee, 56.66 points; North Steyne, 52.83 points; North
Bondi, 50.29 points; Bondi B, 49.20 points. NOVICE SURF RACE. — H.
V. Rein (Manly) 1, C. D. Bell (Manly) 2. COCK OF THE WALK. — First
heat: Narrabeen beat Dee Why B. Second heat: Collaroy beat Balmoral.
Third heat: Dee Why A beat Clovelly. Final: Dee Why beat
RELAY RACE. — First heat: Collaroy 1, Dee Why 2. Second heat: North
Steyne 1, Dee Why 2. Third heat: Coogee 1, Narrabeen 2. Final:
Collaroy (L. Chimchen, T. V. Smith, A. Sheldon, and L. Sheldon), 1 ;
North Steyne (L. E. Goulding, G. Morgan, O. H. C. Merritt, C. W.
Whitehead), 2. In this race a collision occurred, necessitating a
re-run. The results given are of the re-run. ALARM REEL RACE. —
First heat: North Steyne 1, Bondi 2. Second heat: Manly 1, Dee Why
2. Final: Manly (H. M. Hay belt, O. Mater, H. Buhl, S.
Bennett, D. West), 1; North Steyne (L. V. Hind belt, F. E. Nicholls,
B. McEwan, E. Goulding, N. Thompson), 2. COCKFIGHT. — Balmoral (J.
Doudney and C. Walker), 1. SURF BRACE RELAY RACE. — Manly (J. G.
Brown and N. Smith), 1; North Steyne (C. Healy and L. Solo- mon),
and Bondi (J. G. Brown and H. Fletcher), dead- heat,
NOVICE ALARM REEL RACE. — First heat: North Steyne 1, North Bondi 2.
Second heat: Coogee 1. Third heat: Bondi 1, Narrnbeen 2. Final:
Coogee (J. Leary, H. Mason, H. McLure, R. Harrocks, M. Ruben- stein)
2. WHEELBARROW RACE. — North Steyne (H.
Nichols and F. E. Nichols), 1.
1915 'CARNIVAL AT DEE WHY.', Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW :
1895 - 1930), 7 February, p. 13, viewed 4 February, 2015,
The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 8 February 1915, page 13.
DEE WHY CARNIVAL.
KAHANAMOKU AND HIS SURF BOARD.
D. P. Kahanamoku, the famous Hawaiian swimmer, gave an exhibition on
the surf board at the Dee Why surf carnival on Saturday. The beach
was lined with people, all anxious to obtain a good view. The vari-
ous events were watched with interest, especially the performance of
Kahanamoku. He came out with his surf board, plunged into the water
and continued to swim out until those watching from the beach soon
dered when he would stop. After covering nearly half a mile,
Kahanamoku turned and prepared for a roller, which came along a
moment after ; he caught it, and as the wave carried him shorewards
he per- formed all kinds of acrobatic feats on the board, and
finally dived into the water as the roller broke. The
crowd showed their appreciation in a very hearty manner. Kahanamoku
remained in the surf for nearly an hour, and he was accompanied at
intervals by Miss Letham, of Freshwater, and it was a rare sight to
watch both swimmers on the surf board.
The various surf events under the control of the New South Wales
Surf Bathing Association were well contested. An open-air concert at
night concluded the
day's sport. Details :—
Grand Parade of Clubs.—Dee Why, 1 ; North Steyne, 2.
Three-legged Race.—North Steyne, 1 ; Collaroy, 2.
Pennant Rescue and Resuscitation Competition.—
Metropolitan Division, third round ; Bondi A, 57.77 points, 1 ;
Manly A, 57.47 points, 2 ; Coogee, 56.66 points, 3 ; North Steyne,
52.03 points, 4.
Novice Surf Race.—A. V. Rein (Manly), 1 ; C. D.
Bell (Manly), 2.
Tug-of-War.—Collaroy, A. L. Melrose, capt. ;
C. Knight, J. Walton, A. Thew,
J. Jack, J. Bloomfield,
D. Scully), 1.
Beach Relay Race.—First heat : Collaroy, 1. Second heat
: North Steyne, 1. Third heat : Coogee, 1. Final : Collaroy (L.
Chinchen, T. V. Smith, A. Sheldon, L. Sheldon), 1 ;
North Steyne (E. Goulding, G. Morgan, O. H. G. Merrett, C
Alarm Reel Race.—Manly (H. M. May, belt, O. Mater, H.
Buhl, F. Bennett, D. West), 1 ; North Steyne (L. Hind, belt, F.
Nicholls, B. McEwan, E.
Goulding, N. Thompson), 2.
Cock Fight.—Balmoral ( J. Doudney, C. Walker), 1. Surf Brace Relay
Race.—Manly (J. Brown and N. Smith), 1 ;
North Steyne (C. Healy, L Solomon), and Bondi (J. G. Brown and H.
Fletcher), dead heat.
Novice Alarm Reel Race.—First heat : North Steyne, 1 ; North Bondi,
2. Second heat : Coogee, 1. Third heat : Bondi, 1. Final : Coogee
(J. Leary, H. Mason, H. McClure, R. Harret, M. Reubenstein), 1.
Wheelbarrow Race.—North Steyne (H. Nicholls, F.
E. Nicholls), 1.
8th February 1915, page 4.
KAHANAMOKU IN THE SURF.
Kahanmoku treated something like 4000 persons to a fine
exhibition of surf board shooting at Deewhy on Saturday
club had arranged a surf carnival, and Kahanamoku was asked
to appear and shoot the breakers as the Hawaiians do.
did all, and more than was expected of him,
board something like 10 feet in length, the champion swimmer
made out towards the open sea.
favorable rise presented itself the swimmer's paddling arm
action drove the board ahead, to be eventually carried
shorewards on the crest of a breaker.
Duke" stood up the sight was grand.
Kahanamoku came in standing on his head, and at another time
carried a lady passenger.
than an hour exhibitions were given.
Sydney Morning Herald
8th February 1915, page 13.
DEE WHY CARNIVAL.
KAHANAMOKU AND HIS SURF BOARD.
Kahanamoku, the famous Hawaiian swimmer, gave an exhibition
on the surf board at the Dee Why surf carnival on Saturday.
was lined with people, all anxious to obtain a good view.
events were watched with interest, especially the
performance of Kahanamoku.
He came out
with his surf board, plunged into the water and continued to
swim out until those watching from the beach soon wondered
when he would stop.
covering nearly half a mile, Kahanamoku turned and prepared
for a roller, which came along a moment after; he caught it,
and as the wave carried him shorewards he performed all
kinds of acrobatic feats on the board, and finally dived
into the water as the roller broke.
showed their appreciation in a very hearty manner.
remained in the surf for nearly an hour, and he was
accompanied at intervals by Miss Letham, of Freshwater, and
it was a rare sight to watch both swimmers on the surf
surf events under the control of the New South Wales Surf
Bathing Association were well contested.
concert at night concluded the day's sport.
of Clubs.—Dee Why, 1 ; North Steyne, 2.
Race.—North Steyne, 1 ; Collaroy, 2.
Rescue and Resuscitation Competition.—
Metropolitan Division, third round ; Bondi A, 57.77 points,
1 ; Manly A, 57.47 points, 2 ; Coogee, 56.66 points, 3 ;
North Steyne, 52.03 points, 4.
Race.—A. V. Rein (Manly), 1 ; C. D. Bell (Manly), 2.
L. Melrose, capt. ; C. Knight, J. Walton, A. Thew, J. Jack,
Race.—First heat : Collaroy, 1. Second heat :
North Steyne, 1. Third heat : Coogee, 1. Final : Collaroy
(L. Chinchen, T. V. Smith, A. Sheldon, L.
Sheldon), 1 ; North Steyne (E. Goulding, G. Morgan, O. H. G.
Merrett, C .Whitehead), 2.
Race.—Manly (H. M. May, belt, O. Mater, H. Buhl, F. Bennett,
D. West), 1 ; North Steyne (L. Hind, belt, F. Nicholls, B.
McEwan, E. Goulding, N. Thompson), 2.
Fight.—Balmoral ( J. Doudney, C. Walker), 1.
Relay Race.—Manly (J. Brown and N. Smith), 1 ; North Steyne
(C. Healy, L. Solomon), and Bondi (J. G. Brown and H.
Fletcher), dead heat.
Reel Race.—First heat : North Steyne, 1 ; North Bondi, 2.
Second heat : Coogee, 1. Third heat : Bondi, 1. Final :
Coogee (J. Leary, H. Mason, H. McClure, R. Harret, M.
Race.—North Steyne (H. Nicholls, F. E. Nicholls), 1.
Sydney Morning Herald
10th February 1915, page 6.
exhlbltlon of surf board rlding given by D. P. Kahanamoku at
the Deewhy Surf Club's carnival provided the greastest
spectacle that has yet been witnessed in this respect.
proved himself a master of the art, and, despite the fact
that the conditions were anything but favourable, fulfilled
his advertised programme.
occasion the board carried him a distance of four hundred
yards, and he balanced on his head while shooting towards
occasion, and whilst sitting on the board, he finished the
shoot by coming in broadside on.
carried a lady passenger a distance of a hundred yards.
exhibition lasted more than an hour.
to be no limit to Kahanamoku's work with the board, and at
Cronulla on Sunday he used it he used it to carry him for a
short distance, and then dived into the wave and completed
his trip to the sands with a body shoot.
carnival was well carried out.
February, page 1.
DUKE IN THE SURF
Dexterity and Skill Win the Title "Blondin of the Surf"
Three functions competed for the patronage of natatorial
enthusiasts in Sydney on Saturday afternoon, each detracting
more or less from the others, both as regards attendance of
the public and exponents.
The great majority of prominent swimmers are now connected
with surfing bodies, and a number seized the opportunity of
taking part in the Dee Why Life-saving Club's carnival, in
order to witness Kahanamoku's first and last public exhibition
of surf-board riding.
The crowd which put in an appearance exceeded any that had
ever previously congregated at this out-of-the-way resort.
In view of the district being only sparsely populated as yet,
and its comparative inaccessability, the local organisation
showed great enterprise and initiative in shouldering the
financial responsibilities necessary to secure the Duke as an
At the time the Hawaiian put out to sea with his surf-board,
which he seems to worship almost as much a child its doll, the
waves, unfortunately, were not particularly good for shooting
purposes, merely an occasional one having any length of run.
The rapidity with which he took the weighty plank out through
the breakers was not the least amazing feature of the display.
He lay outstretched upon it, and used his hand as paddles, one
on either side.
It struck me as I watched him propel himself along in this
fashion infinitely faster than any of our expert surfers could
move unencumbered, that he must be able to exert tremendous
power with those arms of his, and, further, that therein
probably is to be found the explanation of his extraordinary
capabilities as a sprint swimmer, rather than his peculiar
method of kicking.
On sighting a likely-looking wave, he commenced to paddle
vigorously, still lying prone as before.
After a few ineffectual attempts he succeeded in catching one
Instantly the board seemed to leap forward like a fiery steed
when the spurs are driven into the rowels.
Immediately after the Duke rose upright, and assumed the
attitude of ancient chariot drivers.
And no sooner had he done so than he appeared to exercise some
subtle influence over the madly careering craft; in fact, just
as it he had actually taken reins in hand.
He altered its direction so as to steer a course diagonal to
Although the prow pranced and bounded over the crest of the
onrushing billow, the Duke stood like an ebony statue,
immovable save for the deft movements of his feet, and
remained so until within a few yards of the shore, when he
leisurely dropped off.
It was a thrilling sight to watch, and such balancing sill and
dexterity entitles him to the designation of a surfing
A young lady acquaintance then emerged and accompanied the
It occurred to me at once if the Duke found it difficult to
get going by himself with the not-by-any-means good waves at
his disposal, obviously his chances of doing so would be
greatly minimised when hindered by a novice.
Such proved to be the case.
A considerable time elapsed before he managed to get a move on
with his partner.
It must be admitted, however, that the duel shoot, when it did
come off, was the more sensational spectacle of the two while
It served to show more conspicuously the Duke's wonderful
facility for maintaining his equilibrium under these exacting
conditions, as, although his passenger was toppling backwards
over the latter part of their journey, the extra burden failed
to dislodge him until they had negotiated about three-parts of
the distance he covered when alone.
But the question arises whether the onlookers, many of whom
had come from distant suburbs, would not have been better
pleased to have been treated to a greater number of
performances like the first, rather than have to submit to the
wearying wait that occurred before the Duke found it possible
to bring off the more difficult stunt.
Another Wonderful Performance by Duke
The largest crowd of spectators ever contained within the
Drummoyne Baths, was present at the local club's carnival on
Monday night, the chief source of attraction being the final
appearance in Sydney of Duke Kahanamoku and his companion,
The Duke figured in a 100yds Invitation Handicap, the other
contestants being Albert Barry, Tod Solomons, and Harry Hay.
Barry was in receipt of 2sec, Solomons and Hay 3 sec.
The precaution was taken to despatch the Hawaiian from the
word "go," so that in case of his beating record, the time
could be recognised, which procedure added to the severity of
A magnificent race was the outcome.
The Duke tore after the vanguard, and gained appreciably going
down the first stretch (33yds).
Barry, however, more than held his own during the progress of
With a terrific shove-off at the last turn the Hawaiian
lessened the Sydney Club man's lead, but failed to make
further advancement until more than half the remaining lap had
been disposed of, when he came with a superb burst, which
enabled him to touch down a fraction of a second before Barry,
who similarly anticipated Solomons.
The whole four competitors seemed to finish practically in a
line, which happening gave rise to an animated scene amongst
The Duke's time was announced as 55sec dead, which speaks for
itself, and needs no embellishment, suffice it to say that it
comes under the category of things marvellous.
George Cunha gave a 66 yds exhibition swim, which aroused much
cheering, as did an exhibition by Miss Fanny Durack over
Their times were respectively 35 9-10sec, and 1min 11 2.5sec.
Leslie Boardman's back-stroke "crawl" was the feature of the
300yds Harris Cup Medly Teams' Race, in which teams of three
members competed, one representative swimming free
style, one breast, and the third back stroke.
Boardman was timed to negotiate his 100yds relay in a fraction
less than 1min 19sec, which is some 10sec faster than the
1915 'DUKE IN THE SURF.', Referee (Sydney, NSW
: 1886 - 1939), 10 February, p. 1, viewed 4 February, 2015,
Sydney Morning Herald
Thursday 11 February 1915, page 13.
NEWCASTLE SWIMMING CARNIVAL
KAHANAMOKU DEKEATS BARRY
carnival of the Northern NSW (?) Swimming Association was held
at the ocean pool (?) tonight. The south-easterly gale which
was (?) raging during the day abated somewhat, ??? thestrong
wind and the waves washing over the ?? eastern corner of the
baths, together with a heavy (?) shower of rain, made the
disadvantages, there was a very large cruwd (??) in
race was between Duke Kahanamoku and A. W. Barry.
allowed to start in 160 yards.
For the first
100 yards the swimming was very even, Barry being slightly fn
front, but after that the visitor steadlly drew away, and won
by two or three yards.
The race was
started in a light shower of rain, but before it was finished
the rain was pelting down heavily.
important race was the 100 yards ??? handicap.
After a close
finish, C. Cunha (??) won, with H. Field (Premier Club),
??, D. Campbell (Drummoyne), 7s, 3 ?; and J. M'Dermott
St. George Call
13 February 1915, page 5.
party, consisting of Duke Kahanamoku, George Cuhna, Harry
Hay, W. Hill and officials of the Aus. A. S. A.: W. Scott,
Marks, and officals of the N.S.W.A.S.A., and D. McIntyre,
and officials of the Surf B. Assn., altogether a very
representative gathering of Sydney swimming powers that be,
was met at Sutherland station by the following members of
the Cronulla Life Saving Club, with their cars, J. Munro, J.
Halett, D. Bouffier, L. Giddings, and F. Stroud, and whirled
off to Waterfall, returning to National Park via Lady
luncheon at Audley.
The toast of
the visitors was given by the Club captain, who expressed
the Club's appreciation at being given the opportunity of
entertaining such distinguished members of the swimming
world as Duke and George Cuhna, and hoped that Cronulla's
welcome would bring them an enjoyable day.
was responded to by the Duke, G. Cuhna, W. Hill, E. Marks
and R. Doyle, brevity being the order of the day, all
thanking the Club for its hospitality.
remarked that if he remembered the day by nothing else, the
run down Lady Carrinton's Drive would never be forgotten and
he registered a debt of gratitude to the Club.
mr. Doyle's remarks, it was extrodinary from the remarks of
other prominent Sydney men, world scourers too, t5hat they
should have missed the beauties of that gully so near sydney
all their lives.
five drivers, local men at that, had not been through before
either, but did not say so.
the launch was waiting to run the party down the river to
Cronulla, where the beach was gay with bunting and packed
was met by the Shire president, Mr. Hyman.
Pluvius and Father Neptune were in a bad mood and spoilt the
afternoon, the former dumping water where it was not wanted
and the latter would nor stir his up at all.
reel race was held, between the Duke, Cunha and Hay, the
linesman being made up of the clubmen.
much guessing as to who the winner would be as the two
Hawaiins (sic)had never been in the belts before, and Hay is
one of the fastest beltmen in the State.
Duke made good use of his long legs in the wade out and beat
Hay by a yard.
not get use to the belt and line at all, swimming a crawl
stroke he nearly wrenched his toes off, catching them on the
then adjourned to the big beach as there was more roll on
there, and gave an exhibition with his board that will be
long remembered by those who saw him.
upright, standing on his head, diving off, twisting the
looked so ridiculously easy, and so it was to the Duke, but
local men who tried after came to the conclusion that they
had a lot to learn about the game.
One wants to
try and stand on that unstable piece of wood, even in smooth
water, to appreciate fully the sight of that bronze statue
tearing in through broken and choppy seas.
Tea was held
in the new pavillion and the party adjourned to the
captain's house for a couple of hour's music, the Duke and
George Cuhna rendering an item in Hawaian (sic), the Duke
providing the accompaniment on his eucalalia (sic, ukulele/ukelele).
declared themselves delighted with the day, before
Hawaians (sic) proved themselves unassuming gentlemanly
fellows, good sports, very much "one of the boys" variety,
who set no hugh (sic, huge) price on their services,
but did all they could without stint.
the Committee congatulate itself on the success of the day.
things the Club need not do the next time the Duke & Co.
Joe needn't bolt from Sutherland and take all the party down
to Audley to start the run through Lady Carrington's Drive.
make up his mind the Duke's going with him in his car, "Nor
needn't break his petrol pipe and try to borrow soap from
every passing car.
needn't try to shift the gate post with his dash board
again, it hurts.
"Waverley" nearly met its "Waterloo".
try to shift the same post with his rear wing, it also
The whole of
the Club needn't take the invitation, when the Duke says
"Pas a 'bernaner,' " one can have too much of a good thing.
"bernaners" isn't raining manna.
needn't kid they know every inch of the "Drive" when they
start off by going to the wrong end.
needn't give exhibition rescues in Port Hacking, the country
has more use for them on the Suez Canal, if they want to
take a risk.
needn't be so thick on the big beach.
needn't say "Gee, these stingarees are hot."
needn't look for red marks on the Duke to rub ammonia on
where the blubber stung.
chap needn't try to get twenty on his car when it will take
Referee and the Arrow
Sydney, 13th February, page 6.
Man proposes, but circumstances, or fate, or may be a
combination of both, sometimes get the better of him.
When such is the case, his cherished little schemes are made
to go by the board.
The fallibility of human design was exemplified at Dee Why on
If arrangements in connection with the Carnival had dovetailed
with the mathematical nicety it was planned they should, well,
briefly, there would be a happier tale to relate,
as regards the manner in which the bulky programme of events
were disposed of. No doubt everything had been mapped out with
meticulous care, and the managerial project propounded was one
that justified the de- dicated confidence in it.
It was the process of giving effect to it that was
at fault. It was evident the lack of cohesion, the
want of con- tinuity so noticeable in the conduct
of the function, was mainly attributable to the fact of one
official having taken altogether too many duties upon himself.
It goes without saying that it was with the best of intentions
that the enthusiastic and zealous worker alluded to did what
he did, but it is equally certain, I think, that results would
have been far more satisfactory had he relied to a greater
extent upon the assistance of others, and attempted less
himself. Although the Association appoints officials to
supervise the proper carrying on of inter- club contests, as
has been pointed out pre- viously, it is absolutely necessary
for the promoting clubs, in cases like this the one under re-
view, to have more a number of their own members
representative in the capacity of call stewards, clerks of
course, etc., as obviously comparative strangers to the beach
and the representatives of the governing body mo:.l!y air.,
might not to be looked on to perform ??? on or work
particularly in ??? of their having other de- tined spheres of
activity. There was really no excuse for the spectators
encroaching on the marching area, and hampering the judges in
the way they did, as the unusually high bank immediately
behind commanded a splen- did view, and afforded people
accommodation for the crowd present, althugh large. This
annoyance could easily have been obviated by roping off the
portion of the beach in question more distinctly. The
president of the Association, who officiated as referee,
commented as follow: in reference to the interference men-
tioned : "Officials were only extremely lucky to have been
able to keep to the programme at all, especially as it was
such a lengthy one." Continuing, Mr. Patterson emphauised the
ne- cessity of the Association's nominees being accorded
adequate local support, and went on to remarks "It is a matter
for conrideration for clubs at future carnivals to
reduce the number of competitive events in order to ensure
them being run ?? more satisfactorily. Also as very often when
two items are put on at the one time it is discovered several
competitors have entered for both, and, of course, are thus
de- barred from one of them." Unfortunately, drastic action
had to be taken, resulting in the disqualification of certain
contestants in the beach sports, for deliberate infringement
of rules. Those so dealt with expressed keen re- sentment at
this treatment, in the heat of the moment, but doubtless, on
calmer reflection since, have come to realise that the judges
had no alternative but to give the decisions they did, which,
as a matter of fact, they regarded as a most unpleasant
obligation devolving upon them. The
Dee Why Club is deserving of hearty congratulations on the
fine display its team made in the March Past, also its prowess
tug-of-war, particularly in view of the strong representation
of opponents. Owing to the buoys which had been placed in
position prior to the carnival not being suffi- ciently
weighted, shortly after the commence- ment of proceedings they
drifted ashore. Rather than run the risk of causing undue
delay by going to the trouble of refixing all of them, it was
decided to anchor one securely and do the best under the
circumstances. This is far from being the first happening of
the kind. It invariably amounts to a severe inconvenience,
besides which it is liable to lead to all sorts of complica-
tions in the competitions. Surely, therefore, it would be well
worth while carnival officials in future experimenting a day
or two before- hand with the object of discovering a means of
fastening the floats so that they will hold properly. The fact
of the third heat of the Pennant Championship being included
in the list of fixtures made the shifting of the buoys more
regrettable. It was only by the exercise of extra special care
on the part of the ad- judicators in this instance that any
untoward development was prevented. However, a com- petitor in
the novice alarm reel race was less fortunate. He
was actually the first to pass
the buoy, but as he did not comply with the
conditions and touch it, he could not be
awarded the first prize. Had there
been a separate buoy for each competing team, the
incident in all probability would never have
occurred. In the Pennant Championship, in which
six teams competed, while the three clubs in
the first heat showed the same amount
of efficiency as the previous tie at Coogce, there was a
con- siderable falling off in the standard shown
by those in the second
heat, the times being con-
siderably longer and the work in other respects
less attractive. But it was recognised
extenuating circumstances, as the
swim- mers on the second
occasion had to contend with a much tougher sea. Herein is to
be found another convincing
illustration of the marked and direct
influence the varying state
of the ocean has upon
performances. At the
time it is a vindication of the Association's
at- titude in insisting that alarm
reel races shall be
decided in heats and final, and not judged
on times. When Tod Solomons and myself
went to the post in the Brace Surf
Event, we were greeted by our prospective
opponents with ironical
cries, such as : "Have you selected your tro- phies ? What
sort of gift, eh ? " I forget really
whether these announcements had any
intimi- dating effect or
that they can in any way be held
responsible for subsequent happenings. All that I
am conscious of now is that, thanks wholly to my protracted
passage, our experi- ence bore out the truth of the fable,
that (par- don the egotism) the race
is not always to the swift or the
battle to the strong. Our defeat at
the hands of those two promising and de- serving Manly
youngsters, W. Smith and J. G. Brown,
caused neither of us the slightest trace of
heart-burning resentment, or humiliation.
I can vouch for the truth of that
saw in it no reason to hang our heads in shame, nor did we
feel any tendency to con- ceal our fate. On the contrary, we
treated the affair as a huge joke, and I have no hesitation in
thinking that in the course of conversa- tion since, we have
trumpeted the fact of our being beaten in this manner abroad,
more than any other two persons who witnessed our downfall or
were afterwards advised as to it. My readers know full well
that any comments I feel disposed to publish on the result of
surf competitions are reserved for this column. I had every
intention of especially paying tribute to young Smith's
resourcefulness, and the superior surf skill be
evidenced in com- pleting the course many yards ahead of
myself, just as I did, several years back, heartily com-
pliment one of his brothers for exhibiting pluck and
initiative facing him under similar cir- cumstances. That
being so, it is certainly ag- gravating to be informed by some
individual (hiding his identity behind the pseudonym of "Old
Sport"), has written to the Manly Daily calling attention to
the fact of my not having made any reference to Saturday's
episode in "Wednesday's Referee," and making that
an excuse for challenging my sportsmanship. All I
can say is that it is effrontery for this anonymous person to
take unto himself the title of "Old Sport," for !?.??.; very
a.-.ious prove conclusively that he has absolutely no claim
whatsoever upon that description. An "Old Sport" is one who
has a sense of fairness, and of justice, and if this
individual had a sem- blance of either in his composition, he
would have known instinctively that the proper quarter to
ventilate any alleged grievance against my impartiality was to
the Editor of the paper concerned, so as to give me a chance
to refute the charge. Detailed results of carnival were as
follow :— Grand Parade: Dee Why 1, North Steyne 2.
Third Round R. and R. Pennant Championship (Metropolitan
Division) Bondi "A" 57.?? points,
Manly "A" 57.?9 points, Coogee 56.?? points, North
Steyne 52.?? points, North Bondi 50.29 points, Bondi "B" 49.??
points. Three-legged Race : North Steyne H. Nicholls and T. E.
Nicholls). Novice Surf Race: H. V. Rein (Manly).
Tug-of-War: Dee Why "A" (A. L. Melrose, Capt. O.
Knight, J. Walton, A. Thew, G. Jack, D. Scully, and J.
Bloomfield). Beach Relay: Collaroy (L. Chinchin, T. V. Smith,
A. Sheldon and L. Sheldon). Alarm Reel Race: Manly (H. M. Kay
belt. O. Mater, H. Buhl, F. Bennett, and D. West). Cock Fight:
Balmoral (J. Doud- ney and C. Walker). Surf Relay
Race: Manly (J. G. Brown and W. Smith). Novice Alarm Reel:
Coogee (J. Leary, H. Mason, H. McClure, R. Horrex, and M.
Rubenstein). Wheelbarrow Race: North Steyne (H. Nicholls and
T. E. Nicholls). Although not able to avail myself personally
of the invitation, I am very pleased to be in a position to
report, on the assurance of friends who remained behind, that
the social side of the fixture more than compensated for any
shortcomings at the carnival itself. The repast provided at
Mr. Dorman's camp, "Bohemia" is described as having afforded
good things in profusion which hospitality was greatly
appreciated by those who partook of it. The general opinion
appears to be that few clubs would have undertaken to
entertain such a large number of guests. The concert held
later on in the evening also passed off successfully.
"One of the
most delightful days I have ever spent," is a sentiment that,
from what I can gather, is unanimously subscribed to by all
who participated in the outing arranged by the Cronulla Club
members last Sunday, in honor of Duke Kahanamoku and party. An
early start was made with the itinerary, and festivities were
kept up until late at night.
Everything was carried out regardless of cost, and on the
lavish scale for which the sportsmen of that favored locality
are noted. A most enjoyable motor drive and river excursion
were conspicuous features of the day's proceedings.
After "doing" the sights, a visit was paid to the small beach,
where the Duke and Cunha took part in an impromptu alarm reel
race, and much to their amusement, donning the belt for the
Subsequently a retirement was made to the big beach, where the
Duke gave an exhibition with the board, which absorbed a large
crowd’s riveted attention, despite that it was raining heavily
at the time.
The president of the club, Mr. Hyndman, was assiduous in his
kindly efforts to anticipate visitors' every little want, in
which praise-worthy endeavour he was eagerly assisted by other
officials, prominent amongst whom was Neville Cayley.
1915 'THE SURF AND SURFERS.', Saturday Referee and the Arrow (Sydney,
NSW : 1912 - 1916), 13 February, p. 6, viewed 4 February, 2015,
14 February 1915, Sunday. Section: Sports, page
KAHANAMOKU KICK LATEST IN SWIMMING
Hawaiian Amphibian Stirs Australians by His Feats in
Australia, Jan. 6.
performances of Kahanamoku, the Hawaiian, in the New South
Wales championship swimming carnival a few days ago,
particularly the Olymplc record holder's lowering of the
world's record for 100 yards of 54 3-5 seconds by four fiths
of a second, has caused a decided stir in Australian
is predicted by sporting authorities here that the
Australlan "crawl" stroke wil have to give way to what is
being called the "Kahanamoku Kick."
It had been
contended ever since "Dick" Cavill first used the
"crawl" in championship races that the leg work did not
materiaIly assist the pace of the swimmer except in keeplng
the body well balanced on the water and thus minimizing the
retarding effects due to the legs and feet sinking.
theory was quite upset by the methods or the "Duke" and his
swimming mate, George Cunha, also of Hawaii, who use the
rapid independent movement or the feet, as against the
Australian fashion of smacking the leg from the knee down
upon the water at every stroke of the arm. The slow, easy
movements of Kahanamoku and Cunha from the hips to the tips
of the fingers was markedly in contrast in the races with
the style which the Australian cracks pitted against them.
heads of Barry and Longworth of Sydney, who are among
Australia's best, was also in contrast wIth that of the
kept his head well clear of the water and had, what his
competitors did not possess, a clear view of what every
opponent was doing.
the head low so that your legs will float nearer the
surface" has been one of the first instructions given by the
coaches in Australia to racing swimmers; and this has been
followed by injunctIons to work the arms fast and the legs
in unlson with them and to roll the body slightly from
side to side
so that from the hips up it should assist the arms and make
these requirements, it is pointed out by experts here, are
more than met by the "Kahanamoku" or independent "kick."
to these same experts this kick originated in the fresh
water baths of the Eastern United States, where the more
rapid movement of the legs was not necessary to overcome the
Iess buoyant fresh water as against the salt water
baths of Australia, where the "CrawI" was evolved.
opinion seems pretty far fetched when one bears in mind that
Kahanamoku belongs to a race of Islanders who have no
superiors in the world as swimmers and that his prowess is
likely instinctive rather than the result of any artificial
that may be, the Australian swimmers admit now that they
have seen him race, that the "Duke's" kick serves all the
purposes of the "crawl," and that it is much faster and
needs less exertion than theIr own method of locomotion in
Kahannmoku came here there was some skepticism about his
achievements, but it vanished after his first performance.
It is only
ten years since the then wonderful feat of swimming 100
yards In a minute was accomplished by the Australian and
world's champion, F.C. Lane, in England.
followed by several other exponents of the "crawl," and at
one stage the Commonwealth claimed the only four men who had
covered that distance in that time - Lane, Cavill, Healy and
But it was
another American, Charles M. Daniels, who upset their
calculations, and, altllough Australia is still the place
par excellence of swimmers, generally speaking, and the
Commonwealth possesses many first-class performers in
the water, it is more than likely that the Honoluluan's
style will be have to be taken up if Australia hopes to keep
up its record.
view of the Hawaiian's victory - although he has been
beaten by an Australian in one of the three races he has
participated in - is perhaps best expressed by the comment
by a Sydney newspaper:
has justified all that was said of him.
It was not
mere physique that did it, for although his physique is
fine, it is not unsurpassable.
No doubt the
fact that he is practically a waterman, and has lived in the
water ever since soon after he was born, has made a
difference, though some Australians have been watermen in
that sense too.
American training must certainly be counted in.
Americans got hold of him early.
the man with the possibilities, and they turned him out a
specialized swimming machine."
As for the
"Duke", his sportsman-like actions and good nature have made
him very popular here.
Monday 15 February 1915 page 10
and Cunha will make their last appearance in Melbourne this
evening when they will take part in competitions at the
Melbourne Swimming Clubs meeting at the City Baths Swanston
and Cunha will compete in the in ternational race relay race
against the Victorian and New South Wales swimmers and in
this race Kahanamoku will attack his 100 yards worlds
record- 53 4-5 sec - established in Sydney recently.
will again meet the champions G. W. Morris (Vic) and T.
Adrian (NSW) in the 200 yards invitation handicap.
will concede Morris 6sec handicap and Adrian 2sec.
the ex-amateur champion of Australîa will attempt to lower
the 200 yards world's record.
of races has been arranged and the programme will conclude
with an interstate water polo match be tween teams
representing New South Wales and Victoria.
Melbourne Swimming Club anticipate a record attendance and
visitors are requested to be seated early.
race is timed to start at 6 o'clock.
Melbourne, Monday 15 February 1915 page 1.
SWIMMING EVENTS EXCITE INTEREST
KAHANAMOKU MAKES VICTORIAN DEBUT
Noted competitors at Melbourne Swimming Club's annual
Duke Kahanamoku, H. M. Hay and George Cunha.
Kindly contributed by
Craig Baird, Australian National Surfing Museum,Torquay,
16 February 1915, page 1.
DUKE IN THE SURF
EXPLOITS ON THE BOARD
Dexterity and Skill Win the Title "Blondin of
functions competed for the patronage of natatorial
enthusiasts in Sydney on Saturday afternoon, each detracting
more or less from the others, both as regards attendance and
majority of prominant swimmers are now connected with
surfing bodies, and a number seized the opportunity of
taking part in the Dee Why Lifesaving Club's carnival, in
order to witness Kahanamoku's first and last public
exhibition of surf-board riding.
which put in an appearance exceeded any that had previously
congregated at this out-of-the-way resort.
In view of
the district being only sparsely populated as yet, and its
comparative inaccessability, the local organisation showed
great enterprise and initiative in shouldering the financial
responsibilities to secure the Duke as an attraction.
At the time
the Hawaiian put out to sea with his surf-board, which he
seems to worship almost as much as a child its doll, the
waves, unfortunately, were not particualy good for shooting
purposes, merely an occasional one having any length of run.
with which he took the weighty plank out through the
breakers was not the least amazing feature of the display.
outstretched upon it, and, used his hands as paddles, one on
me as I watched him propel himself along in this fashion
infinitely faster than any of our expert surfers could move
unencumbered, that he must be able to exert tremendous power
with those arms of his, and, therein probably is to be found
the explanation of his extrodinary capabilities as a sprint
swimmer, rather than his particular method of kicking.
a likely-looking wave, he commenced to paddle vigorously,
still lying prone as before.
After a few
ineffectual attempts he succeeded in catching one properly.
the board seemed to leap forward like a fiery steed when the
spurs are driven into the rowels.
afterward the Duke rose upright, and assumed the attitude of
ancient chariot drivers.
sooner had he done so than he appeared to exercise some
subtle influence over the madly careering craft : in fact
just as if he had taken reins in hand.
its direction so as to steer a course diagonal to the beach.
prow pranced and bounded over the crest of the onrushing
billow, the Duke stood like an ebony statue, immovable save
for the deft movements of his feet, and remained so until a
few of the shore, when he leisurely dropped off.
It was a
thrilling sight to watch, and such balancing skill and
dexterity entitles him to the designation of a surfing
lady acquaintance then emerged and accompanied the Duke
to me at once if the Duke found it difficult to to get going
by himself with the not-by-any-means good waves at his
disposal, obviously his chances of doing so would be greatly
minimised when hindered by a novice.
to be the case.
considerable time elapsed before he managed to get a move on
with his partner.
It must be
admitted, however, that the duel (sic, dual) shoot,
when it did come off, was the the more sensational spectacle
of the two while it lasted.
It served to
show more conspicuously the Duke's wonderful facility for
maintaining his equilibrium under these exacting conditions,
as although his passenger was toppling backwards over the
lattter part of their journey, the extra burden failed to
dislodge him until they had negotiated about three-parts of
the distance he covered when alone.
question arises whether the onlookers, many who had come
from distant suburbs, would not have been better pleased to
have been treated to a greater number of performances like
the first, rather than have to submit to the wearying wait
that occurred before the Duke found it possible to bring off
the more difficult stunt.
Another Wonderful Performance by Duke
crowd of spectators ever contained within the Drummoyne
Baths was present at the local club's carnival on Monday
night, the chief source of attraction being the final
appearance of Duke Kahanamoku and his companion, George
figured in a 100yds Invitational Handicap, the other Albert
Barry, Tod Solomons and Harry Hay.
Barry was in
receipt of 2sec, Solomons and Hay 3sec.
precaution was taken to despatch the Hawaiian from the word
"go", so that in case of his beating (the) record,
the time would be recognised, which proceedure added to the
severity of his handicap.
magnicifent race was the outcome.
tore after the vanguard and gained appreciably going down
the first stretch (33yds).
however, more than held his own during the progress of the
terrific shove-off at the last turn the Hawaiian lessened
the Sydney Club man's lead, but failed to make further
advancement until more than half the remaining lap had been
disposed of, when he came with a superb burst, which enabled
him to touch down a fraction of a second before Barry, who
similarly anticipated Solomons.
four competitors seemed to finish practically in a line,
which happening gave rise to an animated scene amoungst the
time was anounced as 55sec dead, which speaks for itself,
and needs no embellishment, suffice to say that it comes
under the category of things marvellous.
Cunha gave a 66yds exhibition swim, which arosed much
cheering, as did an exhibition by Miss Fanny Durack over
were respectively 35 9-10sec, and 1min 11sec.
Boardman's back-stroke "crawl" was a feature of the 300yds
Harris Cup Medly (sic, Medley) Teams' Race in which
teams of three members competed, one representative
swimmi9ng freestyle, one brest, and the third back stroke.
timed at to negotiate his 100yds relay in a fraction less
than 1min 19sec, which is some 10 sec faster than the
known as Chevalier Blondin, was born as Jean Francois Gravelet
in France in 1824, and gained a world-wide reputation as a
tightrope walker when he successfully crossed Niagara Falls in
In 1874 he made
highly profitable and much acclaimed tour of Australia,
performing in Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne.
Melbourne, Tuesday 16 February 1915, page 8
SWIM BY BEAUREPAIRE.
The enterprise of- the Melbourne Swim ming Club in bringing
world-renowned swimmers to Melbourne has met with a fine
reward. Kahaiiamokn's presence is certain to give a filip to
the sport, and the club financially is sure to gain
appreciably. The carnival, which was commenced at St. Kilda on
Satunlav. tonninn Hnf Pifir
Baths last night, and there was hardly | standing room in the
portions of the build- j ing set apart for the public. Thc
pro- j gramme was of a comprehensive nature, i and in 'two of
the events the world's cham- j pion short distance swimmer
competed. Ivahauamoku took the leading hand in win ning the
International Relay Race for Hawaii, and ho also won the 100
yards event well. The relay was' over 232 yards, 1 not 220
yard?, as stated on the pro- 1 gramzne. The comparative merits
of the world's record holder, Frank Bcaurepairo, of Vic toria,
with those of Kabauamoku over 232 yards were reflected in the
exhibition swim done by Beaurepaire. He did the first 100
yards in 1 min. 4 3-5th sec., and the full distance of 232
yards in 2 min. 43 4-5th sec., contrasted with Kahaittmoku's
time (with pace) of 2 min. 48 sec. in the invita tion 232
yards race. Kabauamoku, how ever. does not claim to be a
distance swim mer, and 3ijs win in tho Invitation race was all
the more popular on that account. Sir Uonrv Wi^ulnn
T«rn-;piifcfd Oitv nf
Melbourne Junior Championship medal, won last year, to G.
Grieve, now of the Melbourne club. The management of the
contests was very satisfactory, and Mr. H. Snape, the hon.
sectx»tarv, is especially deserving of praise. The takings
hist night were £110. Results: — City of St. Kilda Solicitors'
Junior Champion fhip, 200 yarda — C. Eslcr, 1; W. Mitctell,
'2; ft. Ilolman, 3. The shorter distances in connection with
this championship were s\ru«i on Saturday, and the aggregate
of points secured by the swim mers were:— C. Eslcr, 15 points,
1; W. Mitchell, 7 Dv»mts, 2; '1?. Ilohnan, 4 points, 3. Eslur
thua secures the trophy. INTERNATIONAL BRACT RELAY HANDICAP.
100 Yard Laps. l-uke Kiihanamoku and G. Cunba( Hawaii), t scr
? 1 W. B. Bennett and P. Husbands (Melbourne), 12 see. ? 2 P.
C. Stubbs and C«. W. Morris (Albert Park), 1-Z sec ? 3 It was
a well-swam race, and one in wluch the handicuppcrs fairly
accuratcly guaged thc meriv* of the swimmers. Kalmnainoku was
splendidly re ceived. His compatriot started first, and mean
while the World's champion was the object for all eyfa. The
great fwimining of Cunha— great as a spectacle, if not iu
comparative spee-l — was missed by many in their anxiety not
to raisa one move inent o/ Kahurumoku, out or in the wiater.
Wlien he took to tlio water, both the Melljourne and ?^hert
Park U-ams* reproscntatives were 10 yar»lt? ahead. Tlie
champion skimmed tlie water in his plunge, a mighty effort
which seemed to make up half the leeway. He swum perfectly,
ami passed his opponents when a quarter of' a lap luwl yet to
lie awurn. The race was tlv?u practi cally over. Jvalianamoku
covered the distance in oo 4-5th fee. Cunlia's time wus 58
l-5th sec. Thc two HawaiJns had left a great impression. II.
.M. llav an-l I!. Vnv. k«w w«inc niM ^„.
peted, but were not placed. 100 Harris M.S.C. Members*
Bracelets— First Heat: B. Bennett, scr., 1; O. Greive, 4 yd?.,
2. I\ .M'Guinness, 23 see., and P. L. Block, 11 sec., also
ewum. Time, 1 min. 0 sec. Second Ifeat: G. Hartley, 8 sec., 1;
J. A. Phillips. 10 RPC., 2. 1L W, Taylor, 14 Pec.; F. P.
Burne, 14 see. ; 1J. Morris, 9 sec.; and F. C. ttricve, acr.,
also competed. . Time, 1 min. 0 sec. Third Heat: L. Greive,
yer.. 1; R. C. Wallace, 2 sec., 2. O. Dcwsnap, 14 sec.; G.
Jago, li sec.; F. S. Treadwcll, 11 sec., and R„ A. Ross, 7
sec., also competed. Time, 1 min. 6 2-5th sec. ? Final. ?VG.
Hartley, S see. .. .. ». 1 R. C. Wallace, 2 sec. .. ,, .. .. _
2 L. Greive, scr. ? ? ? 3 Won easily. Time, 1 rrrin. 0 eec.
2.13 YARDS INVITATION RACE. Duke Kahunamoku, scr. ? 1 (J. W.
Morris (Albert Park), C sec. „ 2 T. Adrian (N.S.W.), 2 see. ..
.. 3 T. \V. Mason (Melb.), f- boc., also competed. Tilo5on led
up to the end of the ftfth Ian, with Slorrjs a close second,
and Kahanamoku a length away third. The Hawaiian swam with
case and grace. He put on a spirt towards thc finish, and won
l»y a yard. Time, 2 min. -13 sec. Inter-Club Squadron Handiw,
201 yards. —First Ifeat: FiUrc-y CS. M'Dart-.lU, W. Carter,
.T. lMnccn, S. Maher), see., It City (C. S. Reed, R. M'lntyre,
R. S'.oane, A. Dennie), 21 sec., 2.
'iXrama irom .MeiDourne ii, rort Menxmrne, foots* cray and \pw
South Wales also coinpetcd. Second Heat: Muldi Park A ( W .
Robrtson, P. .Scanlon, 11. Ilobrtson, N. Fairlcss), 19 sec.,
1; Middle Park B (R. de Garis, (TV Ryan, F. MagiTl, It.
M'Gmth), 21 k*c., 2. AJ-bctsford, WillJamrtown. Albert Park
and Melbourne teams also 6 warn. T rac, 2 m n. 49 4-5th ecc. F
nal: Fibroy ? ? ? — .. .. .. 1 M ddle Park A ? ? ? - 2 Time, 2
n;in. CD see. CO yards Inter-Club Hand cap.— neat W nncrs: J.
S. Stanford, 8 see.; H. Robertson, 12 see.; W. G. Giuiit, 11
fiec.; F. G. Stubbs, 3 sec.; N. S. M'Donald, 33 sec.; C. Ham.
13 fee.; G. Gr flTths. U see.; E. Davios, 14 sec.; E. C. Fox,
S see.; F. Lucas, 9 see.; C. Levey, 0 see.; C. Wallace, S sec.
Thn fastest time was in Stubhs's heat, 37 2-oth w. First
Semi-final: N. S. M'Donald, 1; H. Robertson, 2; J. Stanford,
3. Time. 44 sre. Second Sem -final: C. Levey, t; G. Gr filths,
2; C. Wallace, 3. T mo, 40 2-Bth see. Final: X. S. M'Xyonald.
13 sec. .. ? ? i G. Gr filths, 34 sec. .. 2 Time, 44 -J-Stli
1915 'SWIMMING CARNIVAL.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 -
1954), 16 February, p. 8, viewed 4 February, 2015,
17 February 1915, page 16.
had a fine time in Australia," said' theDuke Kahanamoku,
before leaving Sydney for Melbourne, "though I may say that
the programme has been almost too severe a tax
I do not say
this in a complaining spirit, but to point out that we did
not expect this tour of pleasure to to marked by so much
the Duke did not look as if he had wasted away, but frankly
admitted that in the matter of weight he was all there.
by the programme I have seen, the task will be harder in New
Zealand, where so much travelling have to done," continued
"I hope they
will be able to make it a little less severe upon us over
Yes, I know
the chmate In New Zealand is not. so hot; but I do not. mind
looked very fit as he left for Melbourne.
He had just
returned from the surf at Bondi, after some hard battles
with the rough breakers, which he explained, were vastly
different from those of his beloved Honolulu, which roll in
with a long, steady, sweeping roll.
likes the surf play here; though it is different to
carvorting on the waves at Honolulu.
and his companions will take away with them souveniers of
their visit in the shape of albums, containing photographs
of scenes and races in which they have figured.
include the principal photographs which have appeared in
takes all copIes of this paper dealing wlth his visit to
Australia, a fact which shows that the visit will rank as no
mere passing hour in the life of the sprinter.
Hawaiians will return to Sydney to-morrow, and leave for New
Zealand on Friday.
Sydney Morning Herald
Wednesday 17 February 1915, page 6.
PARTY LEAVES ON FRIDAY.
had a visit from D. P. Kahanamoku and party on Saturday, a
result due more to the pertinacity of Sydney officials than
to any effort on the part of the Victorian A.S.A.
Melbourne Club undertook the necessary financial risk, with
the result that a very fine success was achieved.
Baths were calm, and the two appearances of the famous
Hawaiian were responsible for the creation of two new
Victorian records, and a new Australasian 100 metres that
overshadows the previous best.
were allowed to swim in the 100 yards championship of
Victoria on condition that the first Victorian past the
winning post should rank as the local champion.
Bennett secured fourth place, being beaten by Kahanamoku,
Cunha, and Hay, the battle for second place being a
magnificent tussle, in which Hay was beaten by a touch only.
The time of
the winner was 56s, which is much better than Cecil Healey's
figures, established in the same baths many years ago.
hundred metres event the Hawaiian equalled his own world's
record of 61 3.5s, which, from the point of view of speed,
easily beats any previous swimmer's effort by several
A few years
ago the time would have been a 100 yards record, but it now
goes down as the best performance over a distance 10 yards
in excess of that.
pleasing to note that Kahanamoku has proved just as big an
attraction in Melbourne as elsewhere, and that the Southern
City will probably be prepared to undertake international
fixtures in the future.
This is the
farewell week of Kahanamoku.
He will swim
at Goulburn to-night, and return to Sydney to-morrow
opportunity will be taken to say farewell to members of the
party at 5 p.m. at the Sports Club. They will leave Sydney
by Friday's boat for New Zealand, where they will tour until
March 23, and then catch the Niagara from Auckland
To say that
the tour has been a success is but a mild statement of the
socially, and from a swimming point of view everything
possible has been accomplished, and Australia will readily
welcome the next international visitor on account of the
success of this venture.
return from Queensland, Kahanamoku has taken part in several
first-class handicaps. Cunha has also started in two of
these events, and in all cases the grouping of the
topnotchers has resulted in very fine races, with everyone
having a good chance of success.
been true international events, and the spectacle of some
competitor with a long start beating all the famous
exponents of the day has been saved.
has won every handicap in which he has started in New South
Wales, and Cunha has won every handicap in which he has
competed since his return from Brisbane.
Newcastle the local organisation, owing to the wet weather
prevailing on the night of the carnival, and also to the
large expense incurred in the erection of seating
accommodation, netted a loss on the visit.
was responsible for a fine sporting action on the part of
the Australian champion, Albert Barry, who, in order to help
the Northern Association to make ends meet, decided to
forego the prize coming to him as second in the hard-fought
150 yards race with Kahanamoku.
two carnivals will be held.
Baths the Rechabite Club will carry out its annual function,
and besides the usual interclub and district championships
the Harris Cup polo match, between Metropolitan and the
Western Suburbs will be played.
Aquarium Baths will be the scene of the Palace Emporium
Gala, when the Harris Cup race (open only to Palace
Emporium, Newtown, St. George, and South Sydney), will be
The club has
also hit on a novel prize in connection with 66 yards
interclub event in the form of a reward to the fastest
performer over the distance.
the newly-formed Woolwich Club will hold its first annual
yards Northern Suburbs championship will be decided, and a
water polo Harris Cup game between Northern Suburbs and
Eastern Suburbs will be played.
circles on Saturday the most note-worthy performance was
that accomplished by R. Longworth in the Rose Bay handicap,
when he got so near the minute for the hundred yards that he
may be looked upon as the next swimmer to join this elect
won the final in 60 1.5s.
At Manly and
the surf carnival at Collaroy, the absence of the Manly Life
Saving Club's team at Melbourne depleted the entries to a
large extent, yet enough members were mustered to make the
other clubs envious, in this respect, of the villagers.
race of the Sydney University Club will be on Saturday next,
at the Domain baths, at 10 a.m.
Evening Post (New Zealand)
Volume LXXXIX, Issue 40, 17 February 1915, page 4.
Wellington Cups Carnival
KAHANAMOKU AND CUNHA.
In a letter
to Mr. H. S. Williams, who will pilot the Kahanamoku party
on their tour through the Dominion, Mr. Francis Evans, the
Hawaiian's manager, requests that Cunha and the "Duke"
appear in exhibition races mostly, "with a few handicaps now
and then, say, in the larger cities where the jumps are not
too close and the stops longer.
matter of handicapping may I ask that consideration be taken
of the fact that they are travelling all the while and this,
coupled with the further act of entertaining, all tends, if
anything to keep one out of good condition, and I would
therefore ask that the handicapping be not too stiff.
I would ask
also that the "Duke" and Cunha appear once only in each
carnival, such as is being done throughout the present tour.
We will be
much obliged if you will confine the swims to sprInts only,
say, from 50 upwards to 100yds.
appearance may seem short to you, but I would suggest that
in order to lengthen the programme somewhat the "Duke" be
entered in one race and Cunha in another.
This is what
we have been doing all along."
information should help the framers of the local programme
for 6th March.
programme for the first Kahanamoku carnival in Christchurch,
to be held on 24th February, has been drawn up, and will be
as follows: (1) 100yds Invitation Race; (2) 66yds Interclub
(first class), limited to swimmers doing 35sec; (3) Diving
Competition (fancy, swallow, and running); (4) Relay
Interclub (100yds), teams of three men; (5) 33 1/3yds
Dash Handicap (interclub); (6) exhibItion by Kahanamoku; (7)
Water Polo Competition (time permitting).
Autographed Postcard, Feb 11,
S. Marks was prominant in Sydney sports.
premier athletic track is named
E.S. Marks Field.
reproduced from private collection.
Cater (1997-2011) : Duke Kahanamoku : Newspapers, February