kahanamoku : january 1915
Duke Paoa Kahanamoku in
Newspaper Extracts :
Menu : Introduction.
Sydney Morning Herald
Friday 1 January 1915, page 2.
DOMAIN BATHS, TOMORROW,
AT 2.30 PM.
FIRST APPEARANCE OF DUKE KAHANAMOKU, and GEORGE CUNHA.
ADMISSION 5/- (Reserved), 3/-,
2/- and 1/-.
Plan at Hotel Australia.
1915 'Advertising.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 1 January, p. 2,
viewed 3 January, 2015,
Sydney Morning Herald
Friday 1 January 1915, page 2.
In addition to the i^nous drung
competitions ar I ranged III connection with the
Ivihaiiamoku carnhal' neu baturdaj at the Domain Baths
the association ha? arranged for a special dupUy
of high tower diiiiiB bj several leading exponents of the
Riddington the State cbani) ion, will be asked to lead while he ,11111 lune the
assistance <-f two re non ned i ¡sitora in tile person
of J! I.ninth« tcham pion of N letona), and A Sauter
(Ule if Ihe La 1 ibbcbul Club Paris) and a number of local
enls Tile dninc; displai will thus take as bip tin intemational aspect na is the use
with the swimming championships on this occasion
The vi'itors ha\e hi,| ample
opportunity jf prac ti îng their art from the high
tower at the Domain, as Ihrj baie been in Mdn«y now for
onie dajs Thej thus will nofftel at a disadvantigc
it» appear in<r from the local drung stipe, wliiih
than anj olher in the world
ORDER OF EVENTS .
His swimming An.01 latlon Ins
decided that the eients will st irt to morrow at 2
10 p ni Ihe foi lou nie n, the ordei of programme
I -tlents of AOids Junior Hnndiiap
-Heat of lOOjds Intercluí]
S-Hiçli an I low i-pnngboard
dliing compell'lon I lOOids ihnni ionship of the
-Altmcil hfebuovs noielti Clent
fi- lOOjdh championship of New
iiuth Wales "-Fnal of Wuls lunior Handicap
s-henil finnis of lOOid« Intcrcbib
Handicap 0-Hieb tower dump; competition
jo-RPOjds hieran Memorial Scratch
- Noielti clent four oared rate
1 -1 Inil of lodi Is Interclub
Handicap 73 H fib dil nie difcphi
l(_Tjid.¡ Intcrmtionil Tenu« Bein
lr -fluids chimpionnlup oí New
It ii ( limit I th I 111'' first
appeirance of Kaba
naninkn in Ali«tnlia «111 occur at
1S p m in the Kidds ihimpomhip
1915 'SWIMMING.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 1 January, p.
4, viewed 3 January, 2015,
Friday 1 January 1915, page 2.
TO-MORROWS BIG EVENT. WORLD'S SPRINT CHAMPIONSHIP.
will be a red letter day in connection with swimming in this state,
Kananamoku and his swimming companion, George Cunha. will make their first
In Australia at the Domain Pool at the first of the state championship carnival.
mplonsbap *;Arnlval6 The world's champion will
oomlH-lc twice dur ing (he aii«rDoou. )u lie aim
went, un lie programme ihe Hawaiian will njure id
the lin ai ol tbe luu Jixilo champlonblilp ol
New Souvn WaJos, »hw- ut wlU meet the most,
rtrenuous oppcallron in ioc »orld to-oay In
Oun&s Mi w«li) Barry. UiugftorLh. I'agc
(S^.W.1. aud Stedman iVk'torlal. The Him ihrco have
nealediy bcaieu Ujrryis Auslrallsoi reocJ-4 o[
M ?t &RAc lor luJ yards, in courur ol their
training lorTo-morrov,i ocnl, .nil It la
possible thlt the conlcsl will tn.' so tuvn Uat
t&c oorU's b«i ogurcs— ol 3-oscc— wni.h tland lo
Uw tre du of Kabanamoku, may be broken.
AKbousn irouMcd oarl- in ibe wrek by an ear
trouble, Duke hab thorojfihly rcco*rrcd, and Is
anxloui to rcprodu. c his betl form Cun ha Is
one ol the tjiecdirsl'roin in tio world to-day
and one likely to Join with birry and
Longwonb in Elvlns KahanamoLu lie ra.c -if bis
lite over bn bibi distant. The
vlEll has terved to make the two local
champions sbow better torm loan ccr btlore. and
Baririi private fbomngs have rajsfd ? hope in
many that bo uill bcul bulb lb^ visl tors.
Longworiu a)vk-a)s Rhowa hifi iwH Id
competltlOD, bui hie lora during preparation bu been
such as to anticipate somctblnj; bet ter
tiian w^ bavr privioubly had from him. I41 bis
second dpnearand1, Kabanamoku will bare
thr- asilslan. i- r,f .'uiina in ±X -arda teams
race, in whi. h . arh will :wlm 110 yurrtb ?In
relays agBlubt ^^Jman and Ma^on iM**\ ?bourne
I, and barry and Hay iSydneyi. It 1»
practically rerlmn lliai the vjLlralasian record for
l*)0 metreji — 61 i-Zhcc— ftill bo broken- The present
Sgurei. are held t-y Usrry. vtbo hao done ihe
distance In 6;i-ec in prlvair gnimp thin fca son,
while Knhanamoku botdn the «orl4'i. re cord—
C\ 3-.r. fc. onds— t'sublisbed at Haaiburi: in IM2.
In b^ih ibrsp fitrlal TA'-fn th* Fpe - lators
will be pro\l.led ^ilh FPC^dlrr awlrom^c than
has evtr before brrn witnessed In Aun traUa.
Lontnortb will Ve riven a hard takk In nrdrr to
retain hi? championship illlc ovrr W' ynr-is. as the
Manly swimmer. Adrian, ii- Bbnwlnc won derful
form. On Ihe lart o.'.-a5l«n thr pair met only
Indies cave tbe verdl-i i» l.onrrorrt SIdtf
then Adrian baa Unprnvrfl ,insl1f rnbiv, and to
hi« rr«ii- fun^ tlie fo.'eji. pw.|^i of -:u year
over the half-mil'— llmlu 55fcr. T^- pi'
However. In Wen- ol bis »'ll known .ib:li-;- ?- rise in
the occasion, Lnntrvorih if E^ncr,illv
regarded as the winner, but Ir.*- Ikfii« ik mrc lo b*
closer than for many i^jfone pan . Nejit
In Important1'- in the cbamplnntblrs romen
the hlKh dlrlns dIFplays and rompe lltiona
wherein sotn- fin- laknt will rartltl pste.
Among the hept pKpnnenta of tbe art who
bav*. accepted trtr lovlialioo to dive are S.
Rlddlngton l?t»i» champion), M. GrlBlth
ichamplon of Victoria), A Sauter (late of Lib bsbul
Club, Paris), and many well-known local divers.
Competitions off the hlrh and low
springboards and from the hich lower have been
arranged, while the dlrplay a III include flights
from Ihe high tower. tnleretuti hsudleaps and
Intr-reeflnf: novel ties make np one of the
finest swimming treats yet submitted lo an
Australian audience. Tbe Stats KWtafr Band will render
ing the afternoon. Doors will opts at IJi ^R p m ,
and Us' proennme wlU eommeses ms*. ^B tually
st 2 So p.m. H
1915 'SWIMMING.', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 1
January, p. 2, viewed 3 January, 2015,
Saturday Referee and
Sydney, Saturday 2 January 1915, page 5.
SURF AND SURFERS
(By CECIL HEALY.)
president (Mr. C. D. Patterson) and officers of the Surf-bathing
Association desire to express, through our columns,
of the work of club members during the past year, and hope that they
will have a
highly successful New Year, and personally wish them a Happy and Prosperous one.
advantage was taken of the beaches during the holidays, and the improved
particularly at Coogee, was much appreciated by the public, and as
far as the writer's knowledge extends, no complaints
The lookout kept by the various clubs, on their particular beaches, was also
the means of the
festive period passing off without any accidents.
In several instances bathers were carried out, but in every case
speedily rescued by the members of the life-saving clubs.
At Cronulla, members of the local life-saving club, who happened to be in the
vicinity at the time of an alarm, rushed to render assistance without divesting themselves of
Their promptitude and unselfishness was heartily, commended by visitors'
'What's the boat for,' queried the Duke, in a surprised tone, when he espied the
Club's surf boat putting into Freshwater on Thursday last.
'We got them to bring it round to pull your board out for
you.' replied Don Mclntyre, beaming with pride and delight at the thought that his favorite
haunt was to be the scene of the famous Kahanamoku's first exhibition in Australia.
The Hawaiian greeted this information with a roar of
The reason for his irrepressible mirth was not apparent at that particular moment
officials surrounding him.
You see, they were aware, and duly impressed, with the
fact that the
plank in question weighed something like 1001b.
Their action, of course, in arranging to have the boat in attendance was
dictated by overlooked that the Honolulu marvel is not a normal being, as far as his
capabilities in the water arc concerned.
They were completely enlightened as to this when they
saw him take possession of what they fondly imagined
would be an
encumbrance in the breakers and make off with it seawards at such a rapid
rate as to leave one of our crack swimmers far in the rear.
Then they realised where the joke came appreciated it quite as much as the
Members of the Freshwater Club were fully
CHARLIE TOWNS, Holder of N.S. Wales Sculling
Championship, a title he is to defend to-day.
conscious of the honor conferred on their beach by its having been selected as the
rendezvous for the distinguished visitor's initial
the committeemen saw to it that ample refreshments were provided.
Press folk and officials privileged to view the
The supplement to the Surf-Bathing Association's handbook is now ready, and
will be in the hands of all clubs this week. Conditions laid down will govern all future
examinations until further notice.
The examiner-in-chief, Mr. Roy Doyle, visited Collaroy Beach last Sunday and
instructed a squad of local club members, who intend presenting themselves for
examination the second or third week this month.
They will probably be the first candidates to be tested
The Rev. Mr. Purnell, of Gerringong. has requested the Association to
undertake the selection and forward him a complete life-saving outfit, that is to say, reel, line,
and belt, as a first step towards the formation of a local club.
The hon. secretary is endeavoring to let him have them before the New
Surf-Bathers' Club held a concert at the club-house on Christmas Eve.
incmb.-r:, and friends were present.
musical programme was submitted, and altogether the function paused off
lion, secretary W. S. Thomas supervised arrangements in his usual courteous
was no small factor in the evening's success.
Mr. R. T. Cummins, one of ths club's vice-presidents, presided, and
Messrs. Middlton, King, Wright. Watson, and Guy Martin
Several toasts were proposed, the most significant, perhaps,
being one in
which the well-being of members gone to the front was concerned.
The chairman, in this connection, drew attention to the fact that out of slightly over 80 active
no fewer than 18 had offered their services to their country, and several
of these had
been entrusted with commissions, the club had every reason to be proud of the
part it was taking in the present crisis.
On the I7th inst. a club rescue and resuscitation competition will be decided.
are now training hard for the event.
The conditions are to be similar to those governing the S.B.A. award.
The squads appear to be very evenly matched, and it is anticpated the
judges will find considerable difficulty in separating
the time comes for them to give their decision.
Bondi surf-bathers have entered two teams for the Pennant Championship.
Definite selections have not yet been made, but Captain Craven has the likely
representative), in an advanced stage of preparation.
He states it will not be for the want of work if the
Flag does not eventually fly over the local club-house.
It was noticed at the carnival held recently at North Steyne, at which a number
competed for the first lime, colors worn in several instances were calculated to
to officials as well as spectators, owing to their close resemblance to those
of old established
It is most desirable efforts should be made to avoid this risk as
It is the intention of the Association, I understand, to revise the
colors of the various affiliated clubs, and in cases where
consider there is any likelihood of mistakes arising, to request the necessary
alterations to be made as will obviate the danger.
Cap colors will also be allotted in order to secure
in the water.
Most of the clubs already have these, but there are a few
newly-formed bodies whose requirements in this respect
have yet to
be attended to.
The Lyttelton (N.Z.) branch of the Royal Life-Saving Society has written to
the Coogee Surf Club, advising that a Mr. J. A. Duffy, instructor of the Maranui Surf Club,
was about to
leave for Sydney, and is anxious to submit himself for the S.B.A. medallion.
officials were requested to arrange so that he he given an opportunity of gratifying
his wish This
can be taken as an indication that knowledge of the good work being done by
organisation is spreading, and that its matter where he may happen to be
Coogee Club's active membership at the moment is 102.
Life-saving instruction classes are being held twice weekly, and officials
report that members generally are attending to their
in a praiseworthy manner.
are to be conducted during the season for S.B.A. and R.L. Society
from the club was invited to visit Port
SOLOMONS, GEOF. WYLD, A W. BARRY. H. HAY
shortly to give a demonstration in connection with the inauguration of
a new local
club, and the committee has given the. suggestion favorable consideration.
It is expected
that the club will be strongly represented on the occasion, as several
members have intimated their readiness to make the trip.
Surf matters have at last been satisfactorily concluded at Wollongong.
At the instance of the Mayor, a meeting was called of
members of both clubs, and although there was a good attendance of the North
Wollongong members, representatives of the other club
conspicuous by their absence.
It was unanimously decided to form a club on purely life saving lines, and at the suggestion
Mayor, who has worked earnestly and persistently in the direction of bringing
settlement ever since negotiations with that object in view started, it was resolved
to designate the new organisation the North Wollongong Surf Bathing and Life-Saving Club.
Wotton was appointed hon. secretary.
club entered two teams for the pennant championship, and will probably
contest the first round on Anniversary Day.
The writer wishes the North Wollongong a. and L.S, Club every success, and joins the
president and officials of the controlling body in
congratulating the Council on what has been accomplished.
1915 'THE SURF AND
Referee and the Arrow (Sydney, NSW : 1912 - 1916), 2 January, p. 3, viewed 3
January, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117420419
3 January 1915, page 5.
VIEW OF THE
HUGE CROWD THAT WITNESSED THE SWIMMING CHAMPIONSHIP
DOMAIN BATHS YESTERDAY.
THE COMPETITORS IN THE 100 YARDS
SWIMMING CHAMPIONSHIP AT THE DOMAIN BATHS YESTERDAY.
from the left:
Longworth, Duke Kahanamoku,
Steedman, B. G. Page, A. W. Barry, G. Cuhna.
Sydney Morning Herald
4 January 1915, page 6.
THE KAHANAMOKU KICK
6 January 1915, page 16.
53 4/5sec : Duke Kahanamoku Creates a New
World's 100 Yards Record
Cunha and Barry also show Brillant Form :
William Longworth unable to Swim in the Mile : Record
Crowd, and Gate over £600 : By CECIL
yards in 53 4-5 seconds!
And over a
straight-away course too!
"What do you
think of the Duke?" one swimmer has impetuously questioned
of another, as if eager to anticipate the query he knew
instinctively was on the tip of his fellow enthusiast's
tongue, when meeting for the first time since the decision
of the 100yds State championshiop on Saturday afternoon.
the person addressed has paused momentarialy before
replying, in order to search his mind for some superlative
calulated to do justice to his feelings of wonder and
admiration aroused by the performance of the Hawaiian.
"But it is
such an ejaculation be excused, nay, even expected, of those
who were not actual eyewitnesses of the feat.
when one comes to think of it, followers of natation should
be getting use to having their established theories as to
the limitations of human cabalities in the element, exploded
in startling fashion.
more than a decade ago the topical conjecture was as to
whether the distance would ever be negotiated in a minute.
Lane, as it were, answered that surmise in the affirmative,
he was popularly supposed to have set a standard for all
Cavill, employing the "crawl" stroke for the first time in
competition, advanced the indicator on the speedometer by
jumps and starts. The movements successfully shocked the
It was just
recovering its equilibrium when the American C. M. Daniels
emerged from obscurity.
commenced what culminated in a long series of disturbances
amongst records it was hitherto believed were destined to be
process the swimming community was once more subject to
agitation. On his becoming a benedict and his virtual
retirement foreshadowed, it was considered that that
eventuality would signalise a many years' cessation of
hostilities as far as the world's best sprint swim figures
The Duke is Discovered
would have been so, had not Mr R. T. Rawlins migrated from
the United States to Honolulu, and had he not been cutely
observent, after the manner of his countrymen.
had watched and applauded the exceptional skill displayed by
the Duke when indulging in the old Hawaiian pastime of surf
thousands had seen him "crawl" after his board as he played
about with it, kitten like, in the transparent waters that
wash the tropical isle.
probably remarked that he was very much at home in the
element, but beyond that did not detect anything unusual
It did not
occur to them that there was anything extrodinary in the way
he glided backwards and forwards.
discovery was reserved for Mr. Rawlins.
divination was more than confirmed by results of tests he
submitted the Duke to over properly measured courses.
were then forwarded on to the late Mr. Sullivan for
recognition, but that great official was just as incredulous
about their authenticity as the world at large, his
scepticism drawing forth the now famous comment that
"world's records are broken by fractions, not seconds."
Duke's romantic story has never ben related in this column,
I might go on to mention that subsequently arrangements were
made for him to be tried out in the United States.
He made his
debut in a race held in a freshwater tank.
everyone connected with the sport was tremendously curious
to see if he could make good the amazing rumours that had
The Duke had
no previous experience in the lighter water.
resulted in his swallowing a mouthful soon after the contest
chocked him, and the Duke had no alternative but to quit.
happening caused convulsive laughter in swimming circles.
sportsmen fondly imagined a joke had been put up on them,
but the mirth was none the less hearty on that account.
awakening, however, was as sudden as it was effective.
The Duke had
another oppurtunity of showing prowess very soon after, when
he promptly, in Yankee parlance, cleaned all the local
THE WORLD'S RECORD BREAKING HUNDRED YARDS AMATEUR SWIMMING
CHAMPIONSHIP OF NEW SOUTH WALES AT THE DOMAIN BATHS.
leads from G. Cuhna (2), A. Barry (3), W. Longworth (4),
B. G. Page
(5), and K. Steedman (6).
At the Stockholm Olympic Contests
Then, next, we
find hem setting the seal to his reputation in the historical
Stockholm Olympic contests, at the onclusion of which
1915, page 6. (1.)
A GREAT SURF SHOOTER
METHODS AND CONDITIONS
( BY W. F. CORBETT.) (2.)
talked very interestingly to me yesterday about shooting the
surf with and without the board. (3.)
shooting is a new pastime here," said he.
"With us it
is old - as old as the hills, perhaps. (4.)
a board and in a canoe must have started further back than
body shooting. (5.)
surf boards in the Honolulu Museum which saw service ever so
many years ago, but they wouldn't do today. (6.)
We have, as
you wrote in the Sun a week or two back, improved our boards
a bit, though they may look crude enough. (7.)
the width, and the balance caused by nicely-judged
distribution of weight, are the results of the study of
cause and effect as well as experience." (8.)
shooting is indeed new in Australia.
We do not
need to go to the oldest inhabitant for information
regarding how or when it began.
could supply all the particlars are yet young.
about twenty-two years since (9.), as the result of a long
and vigorous fight for the privilege by several residents of
Manly, peole who desired to do so were allowed to bathe in
the surf at any time and all times throughout the day, and
their number multiplied remarkably from year to year. (10.)
We had surf
shooting four or five years before surf bathing became
Mr Fred C.
Williams, that inimitable handler of the megaphone at all
Sydney's important swiming carnivals, was the pioneer.
He picked up
the art from a South Sea Islander, and spread knowldge of it
amoung the surfers on the favored beaches of the time -
Freshwater, Curl Curl and Maroubra. (12.)
was then the best exponent of cavorting the breakers, and he
still stands out in that respect beyond all others.
enthusiast will tell you of surf shooters of the early days
of the game who suprised their fellows by the clever
manner in which they used the force of the breaker.
I have heard
of him mention Monty Fuller, Douglas Walker, Frank Bell,
Harald Baker (the Stadium referee), Jack Thompson, Morman
Martin (Maroubra), Arthur Rosenthal, Clive Smith, and Co.,
as wonderfully adept at taking the wave and never leaving it
till it exhausted itself.
Kahanamoku said : "You have hundreds more surf shooters at
work in one day around Sydney than we see in a week, or
perhaps a much longer stretch of time, at Honolulu, but I
think the old island has the pastime at greater perfection,
which is only to be expected considering its antiquity with
We race each
other in on a breaker, and the desire to excel sets us all
thinking hard and practising constantly.
the wave as it curls. We take it earlier, perhaps half a
dozen yards away from the point of turning, and accumulate
speed by scooping the water with the right hand and using
the left in the ordinary way, putting in the while at least
the speed you saw me finish my world record in last saturday
velocity of the shoot is materially increased and its
duration rendered greater.
We begin on
our sides and find we get more control over the effort, then
we turn on our backs or breasts as fancy suggests.
apparently content with one position.
Two or more
of your beaches I have seen where dozens of bathers were
shooting or trying to shoot are not suitable.
performers amoung the people patronising those places would
do a great deal better if assisted by more favorable
channels created by the water's action are against the best
results in surf shooting.
there is not another place in the world equal of
Waikiki - that little cove lying in the shelter
of Diamond Head - for surf shooting purposes, and thousands
of travellers who call at picturesque island every year
endorse that opinion.
a big curve protected by a large coral reef about half a
mile from the shore.
absolutely no undertow. (15.)
facscinating sports of surf-canoeing and surf-board riding
are indulged in by man, woman, and child, who insist that
they have the most exhiarating and fascinating pastime
The canoe is
cunningly turned before a breaker near the edge of the
reef till it is picked up like a feather on the inclined
plane of the front of the wave, and borne with
remarkable speed - frequently right to shore.
board is worked on the same principle, but its control
calls for much greater skill.
numbers of high class surf-shooters in Honolulu, and some
white people amoung them, but, as with every other game, a
few can do better than the great majority.
It was with
the few I delighted to be. (16.)
You ask me
if I held the championship as a surf shooter!
I did not,
because we had no competitions, but I do not mind telling
you that there were none around Honolulu whom I knew
anything about able to shape better than me (17.), and the
full-blooded Hawaiian population is something between 25,000
get suitable days here to achieve the best results,
and we, at Honolulu, also need suitable days, but more of
them occur at Waikiki Beach than on this country's ocean
CONDITIONS REQUIRED. (19.)
Freshwater, for instance.
promised a long roll there the day I gave that exhibition on
the board, and perhaps such a state of affairs may be more
often experienced at Freshwater than at Manly, Coogee or
Bondi, but I found a short roll and a sea otherwise which
needed some managing. (20.)
everything favorable one can show one's best , and the more
frequently condiions are right the more practice the
surfers do wonderfully well, all things considered.
not every man can become an expert.
are not built the right way.
the bouyancy the easier the task.
men who can never float properly.
will insist on dropping down."
regarding his ear trouble, and asked if it was prevalent
amoung Honolulu's surf shooters, Kahanamoku said he never
heard of many people suffering.
were cases more serious than others, but considering the
number of people who entered the surf, the percentage was
four toimes he had to seek medical attention to relieve him
of pain, and found filling his ears with rubber plugs, which
are procurable in Sydney, or using wadding saturated with
oil, every time he swam till a cure was effected, helped him
a great deal.
starting for the 100 yards championship of New South Wales
last Sunday afternoon
Kahanamoku could only plug one ear.
It would not
have paid to be deaf to the starter's signals.
first hand interview with Duke Kahanamoku on 7th January 1915.
weeks after the first Freshwater exhibition, other
demonstrations were to follow in the next week.
Although much of
the text is given as direct quotations, there is a possibity
that some of the language has been modified by the reporter.
reporter, W. F. Corbett joined The Referee, (a Sydney
sporting paper) in 1888, where he reported boxing, swimming,
lawn bowls and both codes of rugby.
He moved to the
Sydney Sun in 1913. (Source -Rabbitoh Warren)
journalistic career of 37 years, he died in 1923, aged 67.
Bulletin, Sydney, 1 November, 1923)
Sydney's surfing enthusiasts were as interested in Duke
Kahanamoku's body surfing skills, as well as his ability on a
ancient origins of surf riding are noted.
suggest this contention is open to further discussion.
boards reported as held by the Bishop Museum probably refers
to those ridden at Wakiki in the 1830's by high chief Abner
Paki and eventually restored by Tom Blake in the late 1920's.
Kahanamoku was aware of his own press coverage.
That surfboard design has a history (experience) and is
also in continuous development (study of cause and effect).
bathing is credited to Manly residents and there is no mention
of the often credited William Goucher.
core suring enthusiasts preceeded the growth of popular surf
South Sea Islander, Tommy Tana, a youth employed as a houseboy
in the Manly district, introduced body surfing to Australia.
Pacific island of Tana, (New Hebrides, now Vanuatu) he amazed
onlookers at Manly Beach with his skill at using the power of
a wave to ride back to the beach.
His style was
studied and copied by Manly swimmers, notably Eric Moore,
Arthur Lowe and Freddie Williams, considered the first local
to master the sport.
surf riding expanded such that Manly surfers were invited to
demonstrate the technique at other metropolitan beaches,
ultimately including Newcastle and Wollongong.
immense popularity of surf riding in Australia at this time.
importance of suitable surf conditons, futher expanded upon
later in the interview.
suitability of Wakikiki for surf riding - given the frequency,
number of breaks, favorable wind direction and tropical air
and water temperatures - is unique.
of his own abilities, Duke Kahanamoku indicates that his
skills are not unique, and are attainable by others.
only refer to surfboard shaping?
If so, it would
firmly cement Duke Kahanamoku's postion as the founder of
modern surfboard design.
It would also
account for the importance and revence accorded to Duke's
designs and construction technics by Australian surfers.
restricted geographic mobility of the period.
on the importance of suitable surf conditons, expanded
intial observations, see 14.
to a uneven swell or even choppy surface conditions, as
indicated by photograph by the Daily Telegraph, 25th
problems are a common complaint for surfers, exotosis is
commonly called "Surfer's Ear".
The use of ear
plugs is the most practical preventative.
no discussion of wave height.or mention of tandem riding.
Sydney, Saturday 9 January 1915,
THIRD CARNIVAL DUKE TAKES CHAMPIONSHIP.
RECORDS BROKEN. PAGE BEATS CUNHA.
third and concluding meeting o[ the N.S.W. Swimming Association carnival
was held at
the Domain Bstbs this afternoon under weather conditions not altogether
the public point of rleir.
Intermittent showers undoubtedly prevented large numbers attending, but taking everything
into consideration, the crowd was satisfactory, and a highly attractive programme was
Interest in the Interclub events was well maintained, and colors were
prominent all round the basin.
Tbe star event, of course, was the 220 yards championship in
which Duke Kahanamoku and Cunha were pitied againstl the local cracks, and in
this respect it is worth noting that the tide was on the ebb, thus the competitors had it with
them one way and against them the other.
The ci.aoip.orf hip ivent waa preceded by an excellent dltlOa.r u! musical
This Is tbe
nautrr* equivalent ot tbe old-fashioned parlor gd;ne o: musical chairs.
Tbe competi tors make loir ot tun In tbelr allempu to se cure a b'u y and plaoc It over their
bead In the
water, when the band clops suddenly. An ot-cr-ze«jous participant sometimes
grabs toe luoy
too soon, and pays tbe penally by being 'ouled.'
This afternoon's performance evoked ruars of laughter, as aevcral times
two bead! bobbed
up, encln-led by one ouoy.
Tbe Held K-is
amrrowed down to two, and tbe band play fd half a bar of 'It's a long way to
Longworlh won prettily.
There waa no record-breaking this afternoon by Duke Kahanamohu, who Mid lh.'
olber day to a
friend, 'You can't smash records every time you go into the water.'
And the championship this afternoon, while won by tbe Hawaiian marvel, was ??iim m Smln
9: :-Ssec, olilib. against the late II. B. Klcran'e
2mln 28 £-Ssec, is four fleraads short.
The race was also robbed of some of Us In
)» the absence nf tbe bolder ot the title, W Longwortb. Howcur, the contest was
onouRh, breause of tlie great go between r»Be. of Kandwlck and roon,,.. and
llxall. the Sydney man gut the secODd honors by about a toucb, amid a Florin ot
The positions, as drawn Vy th-- men, ffavo Duke a place between rimlm anil
ulirn Scarier A. C. W Hill tailed 'Uo,' Ilie field mruck the water I'r.-Uj
ovll together, liuke took the lead after the Urn Mini-
went away with I'hara. lerlttl. . .isr. nod lie tore three-parta ot the balbs lenrlh
covered. »o« fully a length ahru.i. In to thla stage. Doardman, Tbomas. rag'-, mid
practically together. Tbe next Hem ot Interest wait to
*at'b Duke turn. In thin, he executed a -??. ::ul move ment, and was leading for hatui-
..l::i-it,l before Ihc crowd realised that he luil tlIi
? Die turn.
was i-iu,iny prcttr, uut .1' i.'^c grounu ? few strokes later, sMuimlni. a uJ
.nurse, and crossed Tnomna. Meantlne. tlie , ro»d was calling lor IU,arJm»n. He respou \i
-.1. rerUln ly, but It wns sn effort nailed, so to speak,
was thin fully three yards ahead of the lot. Cunhn's had stirring ulrrriej
attention to Thomas and Vw. .tnil lu--, the rrowd was Mre to thr tan 1h.11 runhn's -lianie
for sec ond
place waB dUanponrlnK. Pnge challenged dong battle oil the way In the
finlFh. The crowd urged Page on vicroUBly. and bad the satisfaction of ceclnR him rench
the board ahead
of Cunha by a touch. Duke, however, bad got Ihcie In
comparative comfort, fully 3yd In the lead. Ne»t entne
result as follows: -nuhc in :min 3: 2-Esec: Page, second, In ?mln 34Eee.'' Thi- AUEtrallm record ot imln !8
I-5see i»«s established by 'be late D. B. Kleran In
Enellsi report of !mll- 2S 1-Can- by Daniels In 1909, and tre Amerlrnn world's
record of 2mln
IS 2-E-ec was established by Daniels on Mnrcb 25, 1909. Duke recr-lv'l 4 great round of
applnuno for his arln thlt tfternoon. even I hough li' had failed, to smash any of tbe standing
results were.:— 7B YARDS JUNIOR INTEHCLUD HANDICAP (limited to boys under l«l — FlrFt
he.n: A. Joyce
-E. Sydney), Tsec. I; n. Eve (Moftmao), 4. 2. Time, G6ser. Second heal: II.
(Manly), 7sec, I; n. Abbotomey (Rose Boy),-, 2. Time, 51 S-6sec. Third heal: R. Woller (Fydneyl.
3ser. V; S. Wllshcr (Bnlcicln). «. :. Time, WM;ser. Fourth heat: ^*'. Morris (SydnryJ,
fisf. I; w. Herald (Manly). 6, :. Time, 61 :-5sr, . Final: Klrkland. 1: MorMi, I;
Herald, 3. Time, CoUsec. 100 YARDS INTRRCLfB 'IANDICAP— First heat: H. Mosson isouth Sydteyl,
lSsi'C 1. A. Datchelor (Eaat Sydney), 11, 2. Time, lmin 19s»e. fSecond beat: C. Ostley
1; W. Paton -Rote Dayl. 13. :!. lime, lmin C t-Csec. Third heat: I'.
Conlon H'yr mont), lGsec, I: A. J. Foot (Y.MC.A.l. 8. I. Time. latJo 12 iSrrc. Founli b?al:
(Randwlck and CooEeel, 4e,t. 1: E. Doran (Woolwich). 18. :. Time, lmin 12
VSecct Fifth heat: A. Oatley (Mosmsnl. user, 1; TV. Jolly iSydncy) IS. 2. Time, lmin 10
3-is.i-. Sixth heat: W. Bhcrwood (Rose' Bas). Ssec, I: G. Gunther 'Sydney), 15. 2. Time, lniln
Seventh heat: 11. Helllnes (Sydney), llsec. l; J. Kelly (Drummoyne), 1!, !. Time,
lmin isee. Klrhth heat: R. CulhberUon (Manly), 15sec. 1; ri Lucas (Dondl) 10 :. 1'lme, ltnln
11 2-Escc Ninth
hut: H. t)ouel»» -Syiney), Sser. lj C. Lemaln (Y.M.C.A.), 9. :. Time.
In-.ln Tsec. Tentli heat; E. Cornish lY.M.C.A.), llsec, 1; N'. Lone wort b -Ro»e Bay), It. !.
Time. )a)n 9 1-Bsec. Eleventh beat: T. Flttgerald (Orum rooyne), 14sec. 1; A. Mnrtln
(Drummoyue), 13, :. Time, lmin II 8-Eser Semi-finals. — First heat: G.
Oatley, 1; P. Conlon, 2: A. Oalley. 3. Time. Imln '
heat: R. Mclllnrs, i; K. Cornish, 2: R. Cuthberuon, 3. Time, lmin 5
O. Oatley, 1; It. CuinterUDn. :; P. Conlon, i. Time, lmin C 4-Eaer. 220 YARDS OHAMPlONfllll' OF SEW
Paoa Kahlniimoku (Hawaii) ? 1 B. a. Page (lundalrk and Conger) ? 2 G. cunha (Hawaii) ? 3 C. Thotnai (Sydney) ? « L. Boardmah (Sydney) ? E Time, Jmlb It t-Ssec. PaRfs time, !mln lime. MUSICAL LIFEBUOYS— C. Loninrorth
(Rose Ray). JUNIOR D1V1NC COMPETITION.— R. Eve IMosman), I: A. Eve fMotmon), 2. OIL DRUM RACE - Drown (Dalmoln). 100 YARDS JUNIOR CHAMPIONSHIP
boys under 18).— D. Campbell (Drummoyne), I: N Smith (lUaly), J; }. Brown
(Mujily), 3. Time, lmin 4 4-Csec. Won by a yard. DIVING CHAMPIONSHIP OF NEW BOOTH WALB8. n. Provan (Sydney) ? 1 H. Wano (Mosman) ? 2 5. niddlngton (Manly) ? 3 GOO TARDS TEAMS' CHAMPIONSHIP OF MEW SOUTH WALEB, SYDNEY A TEAM (Beck Hardwlck,
Boardmu, Barry) ? I MANLY (Wild, Bole, Solomon. Adrian,
Bay) - Time,
Cmln 1 1-tiec. Manly'a time wai train t 4-C-ec. Tho other competitors wire Sydney B.
'CHAMPION SWIMMERS.', Evening
News (Sydney, NSW
: 1869 - 1931), 9 January, p. 7, viewed 6 January, 2015,
11th January 1915, page 6.
KAHANAMOKU IN THE SURF.
DISPLAY AT MANLY.
the Hawaiian swimmer visited Freshwater yesterday morning,
where he gave some fine displays of surf-shooting.
afternoon be treated the thousands of spectators on the South
Steyne Beach to a highly interesting and clever exhibition of
board and ordinary surf-shooting.
were favorable for the pastime, and the Honolulu champion made
some magnificent returns to the shore standing on his big
however, greatly impeded on this occasion by local surfers,
who wished to give exhibitions of their own at the same time.
his performance was a revelation to the big crowd in the
Sydney, Sunday 10 January 1915,
HAWAIIAN. LAST NIGHT'S RECEPTION
Kahanamoku can do two things.
He can swim
yesteraay afternoon, and he sang last night at the reception
tender for him by the Swimming Association.
There may be
doubts about his swimming being orthodox, but there are none
about his singing; nevertheless he received a ucaten inu roar
ot appltuse, because it was his way at responding to the toast
ot his health. 'bing, Duitc, sing 1' roareti tne gat,jKring
v/hen the ausky Hawaiian rose 'to respond, aomc body pushed a
\veird-loo/.ing native instrument into tne Duke'a hand, and
tne next moment ths swimming giant burst into song to the
accom paniment ot the wierd-est- strains one ever lis tened
to. It was something between the high pitched notes ot a
moiiqu'lo and the angry hum of a swarm of bees on the wing,
but it earned a wonderful reception. Give us more !' yelled
thf jatheving. This time the Duke came down to civilisation
and sang 'By the Sea,' and n tew venturesome sports, helped
him along.. 1'ina.^y the Du;e thanked his entertainers and s
.t dowi. Then it was Ge6rge CunhaV turn. ? He
eathering i 1 .Hawaiian, but cries of 'No sa/ree r rang- oi;
-.'. Then he ? murmured suinc 11. 3re Hawaiian and. brought
down the house by asking :.'D_- you. get me?' Nobody uidn't,
and he, too, resumed his seat.
1915 'KAHANAMOKU, SONGSTER.', Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), 10
January, p. 2, viewed 6 January, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120808526
Monday 11 January 1915 page 6.
The party of
Hawaiian swimmers comprising Messrs. D. P. Kahanamoku, G.
Cunha, and Francis Evans (manager), were entertained at dinner
at the Fresh Food and Ice Company' cafe, King-street, on
There was a
representative attendance of over 10 swimmers, and the dinner
was presided over by Mr. James Taylor, president of the
toasts of "The King" and the "President of the United
States" had been honoured, Mr. Taylor proposed tho toast of
"Our Visitors," remarking that the visit of the Hawaiians was
of historical interest, in as much as it was the first
occasion on which amateur swimmers of international reputation
had visited Australia.
champions they were.
speed over the sprint distance was an eye-opener to those who
had not seen him swim previously.
paid a tribute to the efforts of Messrs Rawlins (Hawaii) and
W. W. Hill, hon. secretary of the Australian Swimming
Association, in bringing about the visit of the Hawaiians and
thus helping to promote tho most successful swimming event
ever held in Sydney; or, for that matter, in Australia. Mr.
Taylor also eulogised the true sporting spirit displayed by
the visitors, and concluded by stating that Australian
swimmers would undoubtedly benefit by watching Kahanamoku's
method of propulsion.
Mr. Evans, in
responding, said he fully appreciated the honour conferred on
his party by the New South Wales Swimming Association, and
hoped that they would always deserve the good things that had
been said of them.
Kahnnamoku, instead of replying, sang a Hawaiian Hula,
"Meliana e," (?) in conjunction with Messrs. Evans and Cunha,
the sprint champion manipulating the Ukulele, a local stringed
"By the Sea"
was rendered as an encore.
present insisted on Kahanamoku giving a speech, which he did
as follows:- "Gentlemen, I thank you for your little (??) - I
don't know what you call it, but it's all right."
Mr. Cunha also
toasts honoured were:-"Winners and Losers," "The Coldale (?),"
"The Press" and "The Chairman."
1915 'THE SWIMMERS.', The
Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 11
January, p. 6, viewed 6 January, 2015,
12th January 1915, page 7.
KAHANAMOKU IN THE SURF.
in the surf at Manly alI day Sunday.
STATUS OF THE HAWIIAN
FINANCING HIS VISIT
BY W. CORBETT
himself wholly to that popular ocean-side suburb, and enjoyed
every moment of the time every bit as much as many thousands
of spectators enjoyed his exhibition.
spent the morning at Freshwater, where he had a favorable
easterly roll, and what he did there in the way of board and
surf shooting surprised every spectator.
He, as he put
it himself. "got it right" several times, and consequently
was, on each occasion, seen at his best.
Williams, our champion surf shooter, and H. M. Hay, the speedy
Manly swimmer, who "did fifty-nine" in his heat of the
inter-club handicap on the first day of the recent carnival,
were invited by Kahanamoku to "get aboard" with him, and they
speak of the experience as thrilling.
up!' ordered the controller of the frail craft when the proper
moment arrived, and
then - "well
we've already ordered a board each," said the pair of
enthusiasts yesterday, while talking of what occurred, "and we
are going to master that game beyond any other."
not anxious to keep his secret to himself.
He went to
considerable trouble explaining the how and why of his pet
pastime, and it will not be his fault if we do not have Fred
Williams instructlng all desirous of learning the mysteries of
this new to us surf play, as he taught so many the art of body
The change in
the afternoon to go to South Steyne did not suit board-work so
well, and the performer was consequently not seen to the same
advantage as in the morning, still he gave an exhibition
which a.pparently delighted the great crowd looking on.
A change was
made in the Australian itinerary arranged for Kahanamoku who
is now well on his way to delight Queen8land folk.
He left by
the Brisbane express yes-terday afternoon to fufill eight
engagements, which include shows at Allora and Rockhampton.
Due to reach
Sydney again on the 4th proximo, Kahanamoku will appear at
the Dee Why Surt Club's carnival on the 6th prox., the
Cronulla carnival on the 7th, Drummoyne Baths on the 8th,
and Newcastle on the 10th.
will see him hurried off to Melbourne for exhibitions on the
15th and 18th of February, and coming back to Sydney he will
step off the train at Goulburn, where preparations are being
made for a good time.
when we may see the last ot the "Duke" is not, at the
original plan were adhered to he would leave for New Zealand
about the middle ot February, but the swimming authorities
of that part ot the continent are apparently not ready to
cabled the local governing body to delay his visit a few
days it possible.
N.S.W.A.S.A. is now hopetul that their guest's services may
be available tor a big patriotic carnival to be held in the
Municipal Baths, Domain, on the 20th proximo, when the great
attraction will probably be a meeting between Kahanamoku and
Billy Longworth, who was prevented, through illness, from
competing at the recent State championshlp meeting after the
THE HAWAIIAN'S VISIT.
correspondent -Bona-fide Amateur- writes asking information
regardlng the conditions under which Kahanamoku is here, and
expressed the opinlon that "The border- line of amateurism
must be dangerously threatened by the liberty of the
expenses allowed him."
Amateur did not believe a man like Kahanamoku wouJd come so
far a way from his home unless he was liberally remunerated.
Inquiries of Mr. Scott, hon. secretary. and others
connnected with the management of the Swimming Assoclation
and learned that neither Kahanamoku nor anyone of the two
visitors accompanying him received a penny.
guaranteed first-class travelling to and hotel expenses from
Honolulu to Honolulu, and promised a tour through Australia
in so far as it could be arranged.
of the United States vouched for Kahanamoku's status, and
cabled the Sydney controllers of his trip for an undertaking
that he would not be allowed to compete with professionals.
That was given.
Queensland, Melbourne and New Zealand visits the New South
Wales Association is to receive £25 for each show taklng
expected that the venture will result in a substantlal
addition to this States swimming exchequer, but it may
not prove the very profttable thing some people appear to
above the expenses of the visitors there is the cost of
advertising, the renting of the Municipal Baths, &c.
It 1s much
the greatest risk the association has ever shouldered.
Kahamoku's trip to Australia is a matter such as the English
Amateur Swimming Asociation would have refused to
countenance had that body been in a position of power
It will be
remembered by the older swimming officials of to-day that
whenever the motherland was approached with the idea of
securing a visit by an English champion to Australia we
would be told, a.ter a lot of formality had been gone
through, and the Invitation passed from the Southern
Counties' Association to the Association proper, or from the
latter to the former and back again, that the
because of the expense necessitated, savored too much. of
And all the
tIme we were sending our top-notches to the old country and
they were drawing blg gates to swell the coffers of
England's clubs and her governing body.
one London writer working hlmself up to an hystertcal
condltion almost when he heard that Son (we used to call him
then) Baker had gone all the way to New Zealand, and no
sooner returned to Sydney than he wheeled round and hurried
oft to Rockhampton.
said the English scribe, "there Is somethlng here that
should receive attention.
have pald his own expenses and he may have only received
within a penny of the amount needed to land him at his
destination, but what was the object of It all?
or less than to provide a big line for the invitlng club's
did not know, or could not see, that Baker's tour was in
furtherance of a scheme which all Australian swimming
associations had at heart for the purpose of popularising
the game and spreading it.
THE BEAM IN
THE MOTHERLAND'S EYE
motherland should have seen to the beam in her own, than
troubling about the mote in Australia's eye.
his amateur days, also Tyers and Jarvis, were up to their
eyes In engagements of the nature indicated, but never a
hand did the ruling bodt lift to stop it, desplte the fact
of most people being aware that at least two of the trio had
no money for such trips, and valiable trophies, in the form
of high priced pianos and the like were proudly pointed to
as evidences of their owner's superiority.
of how poor a swimmwer, comparatively, Kahanamoku is beyond
110 yards, at which he holds the world record, the following
reference may be interesting.
One of the
official time-keepers, Mr. T. C. Roberts, specially clocked
the Hawiian's first half of the 220 yards swim last Saturday
afternoon as 1 min. 8 2-5 sec, which is not at all fast.
lap occupied the difference betwen that and 2 min. 32 2-5
hardly possible for a first clas swimmer's power to peter
out to such an extent, but it did.
13 January 1915, page 15.
A Few Remarks on Swimming.
visitors were not such accomplished speakers as swimmers,
though it is possible that Messrs. Kahanamoku and Cunha are
gifted enough when they speak in the native tongue, for no
one present was able to interpret the compliments they gave
voice to with wreaths of smiles.
and his comrades introduced a novelty by substituting for
the speech a song, with the Duke playing the accompaniment
on his mandolin.
present did not hear this clearly, it was a remarkably
popular innovation and led to an encore.
Sydney Morning Herald
Thursday 14 January 1915, page 10.
Swimming Club held a carnival to-day, at which George Cunha
and Duke Paoa Kahanamoku took part.
the 100 yards handicap from scratch in 50 1/2s.
won the 400 yards from scratch in 5m 31s.
Brisbane Courier (Queensland)
Tuesday 19 January 1915 page 3.
RIVER TRIP TO KAHANAMOKU.
of the Hawaiian swimming team were entertained at a
delightful trip up the river on Sunday afternoon by the
Commercial Amateur Swimming Club, in the motor launch
participated in the outing.
invited guests were Messrs. Duke Kahanamoku, Francis Evans,
D. S. Carter, president Q.A.S.A., A J. Wilkins, treasurer
Q.A.S.A , and the following vice presidents of the club:-
Dr. Shaw, Messrs. J. Casey, F. Hepburn, C. W. R. Just,
M. J. Kirwan, M.L.A., B. H. Hart, and S Davison
others were Messrs. Parkes and Fitzgerald, Warwick, several
members of the Commercial Club, and members of the Toowong,
Vallev, and South Brisbane clubs.
the destination a large number enjoyed a delightful swim,
which was enlivened by the use of a polo ball.
remainderenjoyed themselves with a football on the flat.
preferred the latter pastime, at which he is no mean adept:
A shower of
rain caused a leturn to the boat, vvhere refreshments were
served by E. C. Eachenhagen.
leaving a few toasts were proposed.
Visitors" was given by M. J. Kirwan. M L.A. (vice
president), and responded to by Messrs. F. Evans and Duke
Q.A.S.A." was proposed by Dr Shaw (vice president), and
appropriately responded to by Mr D. S. Carter (president
proposed the toast of "The Commerial Swimming Club,"
wihich was responded to by Mr. J. Dunning (hon. secretary).
A start was
made for town shortly after 6.
The trip was
enlivened by Mr. A. Bragg's musical ubllltiea (?) and vocal
items from several members.
The Brisbane Courier
Thursday 21 January 1915, page 3.
WARWICK VISIT ABANDONED.
Amateur Swimming Club, which had invited Duke Kahanamoku,
the famous Hawaiian swimmer, and George Cunha, to give an
exhibition at Warwick on thair return from Brisbane, has
been advised that they will proceed to Sydney by steamer.
Kahanamoku states that he expects to make another tour of
Australia next year, and that he will then visit Warwick.
Sydney Morning Herald
Saturday 23 January 1915 page 13.
THE KAHANAMOKU TOUR.
following fixtures have been arranged for Kahanamoku mokti
and party on their return from Brisbane: Arrive Sydney,
February 4 Surf display at Deewhy Club's Carnival on ...
Cronulla Surf Club on February and Drummoyne Club's Carnival
on 6th; Newcastle club's Gala, l0th; visit ... 154 words
Brisbane Courier (Queensland)
Monday 25 January 1915, page 3.
THE FINAL STAGE.
A NEW QUEENSLAND RECORD.
SOME SPLENDID SWIMMING.
doubly unkind to the Queensland Amateur Swimming Association
in respect to the third and final stage of the Kahanamoku
Carnivals, which were held on Saturday afternoon.
was ascertained during the week that the Dock, where the
first two stages were held with success, would not be
available, so recourse had to be made to the South Brisbane
Baths, with its shorter course and lessor accomodation for
misfortune was the uncertain weather, though it brightened
somewhat in the afternoon.
withstanding these disadvantages, the association and its
officiers indefatigably worked for and achieved a thoroughly
events were keenly contested, and tha performances of Duke
Kahanamoku, the famous Hawaiian, were interesting and
partner, George Cunha, was regrettably unable to appear, as
he was suffering from disentery.
He is in the
hands of Dr. Hopkins.
As at the
other stages of the canival, there were many ladies present,
and there were altogether abot 800 spectators.
amounted to £23/13/.
Band gave pleasure with its bright musical selections.
against George Cunha's non-appearance the "Duke" gave a fine
exhibition of various strokes, comparing the American with
the Australian style, and was loudly applauded.
ln the 100
yards Invitation Handicap the "Duke" swam splendidly, his
time being only one second outside the world record put up
by himself in Sydney on January 2.
26 January 1915 page 10.
KAHANAMOKU v LONGWORTH
party will arrive in Sydney from Queensland on February 4 and
carry out a programme of events, a list of which appeared in
Zealand a programme has been arranged from February 23
to March 27, but this has to be altered to be allowed for the
party returning home from Auckland on the "Niagra" on March
It will thus
be seen that no date is available for a swimming gala.
the departure fromSydney cannot be postponed in view of the
big list of fixtures to be gone through there.
executive had practically arranged another of raising a sum
for patriotic purposes for Friday 19th, at which the
Hawaiian party were to be made the means of adding to the
price of admission by auctioning several surf boards made by
themselves; but the departure of the Wellington boat on
Friday, 19th February, instead of Saturday the 20th, has
also made this impossible.
MANLY LIFE-SAVING CLUB
Lifesaving Club has arranged to visit Melbourne to go through
some lifesaving contests with the Melbourne Club.
executive still has the matter of a patriotic function in
hand, and will make a definitive answer later.
As the party
will include Wyld, Hay, Haie, and Adrian, and will be in
Melbourne for the visit of Kahanamoku, it should add
materially to the attractions for the gala to be held.
Sydney Morning Herald
26 January 1915 page 18.
DEE WHY SURF BATHING CLUB.
will appear at the Dee Why Lifesaving and Surf Club's
carnivalon Saturday February
gathering the Surf Bathing Association's ??? for rescue and
rescusitation drill will be decided.
January 26, 1915, Tuesday, page 9.
NEW SWIM RECORD.
Duke Kahanamoku Does 100 Yards in Sydney in 53
cable to the New York Times.
Francisco, Cal, Jan. 25 - A new mark for the 100 yard swim
has been set by Duke Kahanamoku, the Honolulu champion,
according to word received here today from Sydney, N.S.W
swam the distance in 0:53 3-5 seconds which beat all former
previous time was that of C. M. Daniels, who in four turns
in a freshwater tank, made the distance in 0:54 4-5 Seconds.
St. George Call
30 January 1915, page 4.
afternoon, February 7th, at about 3 in the afternoon, Duke
Kahanamoku, the world's natatorial marvel will be seen at
accepting the hospitality of the Cronulla boys in the form
of a day's outing around the beauty spots of the Shire, and
will swim in the afternoon as mentioned.
Saturday 30 January 1915 page 18.
FINAL APPEARANCE OF KAHANAMOKU.
Sydney appearance of Kahanamoku, the world's champion sprint
swimmer, will take place at [?] Drummoyne Club's carnival on
has arranged with the Hawaiian to appear in a special 100
yards invitation handicap, in which ...
DEE WHY SURF
Kahanamoku will appear at the Dee Why Life-saving and Surf
Club's carnival on Saturday February 7th.
At this gathering the Surf-bathing Association's, [final]
round of the championship for rescue and resuscitation drill
will be decided.
1915 'DEE WHY SORF BATHING
CLUB.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 30 January,
p. 18, viewed 4 February, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15564028
Autographed Postcard, Feb 11,
S. Marks was prominant in Sydney sports.
premier athletic track is named
E.S. Marks Field.
reproduced from private collection.
(2008-211) : Newspapers : Duke Kahanamoku, January 1915.