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16 February 1914 :
2 December 1914 :
2 December 1914 :
9 December 1914 :
9 December 1914 :
15 December 1914 :
16 December 1914 :
16 December 1914 :
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23 December 1914 :
23 December 1914 :
24 December 1914 :
25 December 1914 :
25 December 1914 :
26 Decenber 1914 :
29 December 1914 :
30 December 1914 :
Miss Leatham Competes at Carnival, Dee Why.
Preparations for Duke Carnivals, Sydney.
Duke Tour Extended to NZ, Sydney.
DukeExpected Next Week, Sydney.
Duke and Party Have Left Honolulu, Sydney.
Duke Arrives - Boardriding Anticipated, Sydney.
Duke Interviewed - Can Build Board Here, Sydney.
Duke Arrives, Sydney.
Duke Surfboard Exhibition Announced, Freshwater.
Tommy Walker Surfboard Exhibition Announced, Yamba.
Amateur Status for Duke and Cunha, Sydney.
Duke's Surfboard Exhibition Cancelled, Freshwater.
Duke's Surfboard Exhibition, Freshwater.
Duke's Surfboard Exhibition and Photograph, Freshwater.
Duke's Surfboard Exhibition, Freshwater.
Surfboard Exhibition Advertisement, Yamba.
C. Walker Surfboard Exhibition Announced, Yamba.
Duke's Surfboard Exhibition, Freshwater.
ACCIDENTS AT YAMBA
minor accidents occurred at Yamba, during the holidays, it
to know that no accidents with accidents with fatal
Miss Blaxland, a young Grafton lady, was the victim of a nasty accident.
While playing on the rocks in the vicinity of the beach she fell and sustained a nasty cut on the hand.
She was taken to the resuscitation room of the Life Saving Brigade, where a stitch, was inserted and the wound dressed by Dr Deithelm, of Grafton, who, fortunately, happened to be surfing at the time of the accident.
The doctor spoke most highly of the Life Saving rooms and was very pleased to see such a valuable collection of first aid materials, all of which were absolutely necessary and effective
Mr. Busch, South Grafton manager of the Bank of Australasia, was also the victim of a painful accident, sustaining a nasty cut on the cheek bone, which, it is believed, was inflicted by a surf board in the surf on Saturday last.
This case was treated in the town and materials necessary for such were given by the Life Saving Brigade.
Surf boards, especially when used amongst such a crowd as was surfing during the holidays, are a most undesirable menace to surfers, beside being one continual menace to the safety of those who do not use them.
1914 'ACCIDENTS AT YAMBA.', Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954), 1 January, p. 8, viewed 4 June, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72284684
DEE WHY SURF CARNIVAL.
MANLY WlÑS BIG EVENT.
The Dee Why
and Surf Club held its first annual carnival on Saturday at
Dee Why Beach.
There was in attendance of about 3000.
Nine clubs were represented in the grand parade and march past which was a very creditable display.
Cronulla Club was awarded the prize.
event was the rescue and resuscitation competition for the
held by the Manly Lifesaving Club but handed to that body to
Five teams entered and Manly Club retained it with 432 (?) points.
The surf relay race was won by North Steyne represented by I. Solomons and L. V. Hind
North Steyne also won the novice surf race and several of the beach events.
Only two competitors- Miss Leatham and Miss Abrahams- started in the ladies surf race.
The latter however gave up before the shore was reached, and had to be rescued.
Another sensational incident occurred in the surf race.
One of the competitors (C. Knight of Deewhy Club) was rescued and brought lo shore in an exhausted state, and several minutes lapsed before animation was restored
Ladies Surf Race- Miss Leatham (Freshwater) 1, Mrs Abrahams (Brookvale) also started.
SWIMMING RACES SURPRISE MANY
at Honolulu Saturday morning resulted in one great surprise,
and that was
the defeat of Champion Duke Kahanamoku in the 50-vard -race
by Bob Small,
Duke, however, "delivered the goods", in the long distance races, Miss Ruth blacker won out in the race for women, and Miss Legros, also of Honolulu, came in second.
the principal events and the results:
440-yard: Duk e Kahaiiamoku (H. N.), first; Lincoln Johnson, (unattached), second; F. Kruger (H.), third.
Time 5 min. 46 2-5 sec.
100-yard: D u ke Kahannmoku (H. N.), first; E. R. Small (unattached), second; Geo. Cunha, third.
Time 54 4-5 seconds.
Lowered Hawaiian record by two fifths of a second.
50-yard: E. R. Small (unattached), first; Duke Kahanamoku (H. N.), second; Geo. Cunha (H.), third.
Time 23 2-5 sees.
Equals world's record.
880 yard: Walter Pomroy (O. C.), first; G. Keaweamahi (H. N.) second; Fred B. Arnold (H. NJ, third.
Time: 13 min. 24 sees.
220 yard: Duke Kahanamoku (H. N.), first; George Cunha (H.) second; Lincoln Johnson, (Y), third.
Time 2 min. 35-15 sec.
50-yard (for women): Ruth Stacker (H. A.), first; Lucille LeGros (U.), second; Miss Lane third.
Time 31 1-5 sec.
1 mile: Walter Pomeroy (O), first; George Keaweamahi, (H. N.). second; George Hushnell, (H.), third.
Time 26 min. 49 1-5 sec.
Lowered Hawaiian record by 55.45 secs.
440-yard relay: Hui Nalu team, Hustace, Kaupiko, Holstein and Kahanamoku; first; Healani team, F. Kruger, Wodehouse. H. Kruger
and G. Cunha second: Pacific only Coast team, McWood, Leary, ociiuitz and Small, third.
Time 4 min. 5 3-5 sees.
(Lihue, Kauai, H.T.) 1902-current, February 24, 1914, Image
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015411/1914-02-24/ed-1/seq-1/
BY MAIL AND WIRELESS
Continued from page 1.
HAWAII LOSES IN RELAY
(Lihue, Kauai, H.T.) 1902-current, July 07, 1914, Image 1
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015411/1914-07-07/ed-1/seq-1/
(Lihue, Kauai, H.T.) 1902-current, July 07, 1914, Image 8
Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015411/1914-07-07/ed-1/seq-8/
for the association's patriotic handicap on Saturday
heats, even though more than thirty entrants had previously
intention of not starting.
The result showed that ii. M'Ghlo (Sydney) had been very liberally treated by the handicapper.
He has only competed in two races this season, and has won both, and his rapid improvement foretells greater achievements in the future.
M'Ghie presented the amount of the first prize to the association's patriotic fund.
The afternoon, therefore, showed a profit to the fund of £10 entry fees and £2 10s, the donation of first prize, while the trophies, totalling £5 3s, were presented by Mr. James Taylor, president of the association.
The swimming generally was remarkable for the fact that the trudgeon stroke was only nei-n iB «bout tbrojp Instancif, wbj__e Ljie number o, exponents of the "Kahanamoku" kick were numerous.
Some of the handicap men gave the back-markers surprises, and it was not unusual for the scratch man's time to be beaten by swimmers to whom he was conceding a start.
A. W. Barry was tho speediest performer with 24 4-5s. ,
and Woolwich clubs held events on Saturday afternoon, but
of the organisations postponed their fixtures.
The premiers' furlong handicap for the W. W. Hill cup provided some excellent racing, in which handicapper Barry, nicely gauged the competitors.
The fine showing of the sprint champion, together with Thomas, Lovy, and Duff, added interest to the race, the final going to the last named after a most spirited contest.
Manly carried out a popular race relay handicap, the entry fees of which are to be handed to the Association's Patriotic Fund.
for the three-days State championship carnival on January 2,
6, and 9 have
The 300 yards and haft mile championships will be contested the first day, 440 yards (free style), and 220 yards breast stroke at the second meeting, and the 100 yards teams race, 220 yards, and diving at the final gala.
Several diving competitions from the high and low spring-boards and high tower, and intérclub handicaps, enter for all classes of swimmers.
The occasion will provide the first appearance of D. P. Kahanamoku, and the council of the association ís leaving no stone unturned in arranging for what is expected to bo the greatest day in the history of the sport in this country.
A paid assistant organiser is to be employed, under the instructions of the executive, several members of which have had wide experience in promoting such functions.
The members of the association have been invited to send suggestions in to headquarters for consideration.
The scheme includes some new features for swimming carnivals, while the comfort of the spectator is to be studied in every possible way.
With that end in view- the City Council has been approached in regard to increased seating accommodation, a better carriage approach to the entrance, and the lowering of the raill for the gallery, which is rather awkwardly situated for front-row patrons.
A special free display is to be given to school children during Kahanamoku's visit, and already the patronage of many prominent citizens is assured.
in the early January functions, the famous visitor will also
show at various
other centres after his return from Brisbane.
However, the three occasions mentioned will be his last appearances at the Domain Baths.
An arrangement is being completed by which opportunity will be given to surf patrons to view his work with the board on our ocean beaches.
It is proposed that he should appear at Newcastle, Goulburn, Forbes, "Parramatta, and Drummoyne.
selector of the Metropolitan District Harris Cup team,
notifies that a
test race will be hold al the Domain Baths. Clubs eligible
to send representatives
are Sydney, Y.M.C.A., Palace Emporium.
(By Cecil Healy)
Kahanamoku and the Dominion.
Association has arranged a tour of the Dominion for Duke
Definite assurances to that effect have been cabled (to) Mr. W. W. HllI, the hon. secretary of Australian Union.
It was also advised in this message that the required guantees had been forwarded per mail.
The financial responsabilities of New South Wales and Queensland will, of cause, be considerably lightened in consequence of the itinerary being made to embrace Maori-land.
This in itself would be cause enough to rejoice.
But I think we should be even more delighted to know that the sport in that part of the world will stand the same excellent chance of being advanced in popularity and prestige as it will here.
For the same reason it cannot but occasion us sincere regret to meditate upon the disappointing attitude so far taken up by the administrators of the sport in Victoria and South Australia as regards this unique opportunity, particularly in the case of the former State, for raising organised swimming from the slough of despond into which it has sunk in the course of the last year or two.
they have gone through down south, no doubt, was calculated
to damp enthusiasm.
When it is remembered; however, that Queensland and New South Wales conjointly agreed to reduce the liabilities involved to a minimum, one cannot help being impressed with the fact that the negotiations have revealed, on the part of the controlling officials, a more than justified lack of enterprise and pluck.
Presuming, for the sake of argumment, their pessimistic estimation of the celebrated Hawaiian's ability to arouse interest, say, only sufficient to enable them to partially refill their depleted exchequer, is not an exaggeration of the position of affairs, it is difficult to imagine how it wijj ever be possible for them to liquidate their debts.
It is, at any rate, comforting to be aware that hope has not yet been abandoned that some means will be found of ensuring Kahanamoku's appearance in Melbourne and Adelaide.
CUNHA ANOTHER SPEEDY MAN.
been so much occupied with the "Duke" that it has quite
that provision has been made for him to be accompanied by,
as the stipulation
reads, "a swimming companion," in addition to a manager.
This role is almost certain to be filled by another Hawaiian, who, it is somewhat of a relief to know, does not lay claim to any such fearsome and difficult-to-be-pronounced surname as his famous fellow-countryman.
He is a performer of some repute, and his name is Cunha.
He has made a trip or two to America as one of the Duke's entourage, and has distinguished himself by finishing second to his compatriot in numerous events.
His speediest effort in public over the hundred appears to be 57sec, and he consistently swims 50yds in the vicinity of 25sec.
Cunha, like the Duke, is a natural swimmer, and it therefore goes without saying he will be thoroughly at home under our open-water conditions.
Although, as I have already stated, I believe Longworth will be seen to the very best advantage from 220yds onwards, I do not expect that either he or Barry will break 58sec in the race for the hundred yards premiership.
Longworth has a championship swim of 56 4-5sec to his credit, but he was sprinting exceptionally well that year.
the present holder of both State and Australasian titles and
record (56 3-5sec) , has never yet bettered the figures
quoted in an actual
struggle for supremacy.
A two-seconds-less-than-the- minute pertormance has mostly been what was demanded to win the honors.
That being so, I am prepared to maintain that the probability is Cunha will be runner-up in the contests over sprint distances.
Cunha should be especially useful for exhibition purposes at places where the Duke performs and there is no local talent available capable of making any sort of showing against him.
Expected in Sydney Next Week : By CECIL HEALY
issue appears the ship conveying Duke Paoa Kahanamoku and
is expexted to enter Sydney Heads.
The prospective visit of the celebrated Hawaiian has been the chief topic of discussion amongst swimmers for months past.
During the course of negotiations followers of the sport were confused by successive conflicting and doubtful situations.
Great was their relief, therefore, when it was known definitely that he would be leaving Honolulu on the 30th.
Their chagrin immediately changed into an all-engrossing curiousity, and speculation as to what this natatorial Paladin is really like has since been aggitating their thoughts.
As the due date of his arrival (Monday next) draws nigh, so does the excited state of enthusiasts' feelings become more apparent.
vividly recall Stockholm, and the perturbations members of
team underwent as the s.s. Finland, with the "Duke"
and other American
representatives on board, hurried in the direction of that
We knew, instinctively or otherwise, that Kahanamoku was the individual we had most cause to fear.
A name is not supposed to be of any significance, but we were not then familiar with the Hawaiian nomenclature and I rather think this was a factor in keeping him in our dread as an opponent.
It had been rumored time and again that the Finland had reached her destination, and we began to greet such anouncements with the same contempt as war scares nowdays.
But I recollect one or other of our party one afternoon suddenly bursting into the room with the startling infirmation, "He's here! I've seen him!"
There was no necessity for any further explanation as to whom the reference applied.
Where we were staying was only a short distance from the "Swim Gladeon", as it was called, and when our informant told us the Duke was still in the water when he left, we immediately rushed off in hopes of catching a glimpse of him.
He was standing on the side of the enclosure just about to take a plunge.
The first thought that occured to me, after I caught sight of him, was that he was not as pleasant-featured a man as Alick Wickham, nor was there anything prepossessing about his physique.
He was tall and somewhat lanky in build.
No sooner had he entered the water, however, than we were spellbound with admiration of the fish-like rapidity with which he cleaved the element.
He worked his feet - which we had not failed to observe were unusually large - after the style of propellers.
The disturbance made by his leg movement increased the likeness.
When we came to study his action more critically we noticed he placed his arms in rather an unattractive way.
But this imperfect was forgotten, almost as soon as noted, because we were unconiously impressed with the fact that in this instance, as regards any aesthetic flaw it might be possible to detect in his stroke, it was a case of handsome is that handsome does.
DUKE'S ATTRACTIVE PERSONALITY.
we found the Duke, as we soon began to to term him, a very
He was particualy obliging in the matter of giving exhibitions for our special edification or illustrating any feature of his stroke.
He speaks English well, with American mannerisms of a mild description.
One of the first things we were anxious to find out was whether the title "Duke" was an aristocratic appendage, or merely a term of endearment.
We discovered he had not inherited the distinction, but that his pals had conferred it upon him, probably because they considered him a prince of good fellows.
installed himself a general favorite.
This reputation was confirmed as the competition progressed.
After the first couple of rounds of the 100 metres, it was realised the result was a forgone conclusion, and his fame was firmly established.
Although he was the cynosure of all eyes, and was attracting far more attention than any of the great exponents who were displaying their prowess there, his notoriety never had the slightest effect on the Duke's deportment, his demeanor being invariably modest and unconcerned.
of London, a liberal donor to the Royal Life-Saving Society,
who came across
with Mr. William Henry, carried away by wonderment of the
fast performances the Duke was registering, and as an
incentive for him
to strive to the full extent of his powers offered to
with a 25-guinea cup in the event of him touching 60sec for
the said distance.
That the suggestion was not preposterous was shown by his having covered the course at Hamburg, a few days subsequent to the Games, in 61 3-5sec, which now consitutes the existing world record.
Sixty-two three-fifths was acually the closest he got to the mark at Stockholm.
him by Mr. Darnell was responsible for the Duke swimming a
race in the final, which enabled me to get much nearer to
him at the finish
than would have otherwise happened.
I overheard the manager of the American team, Mr. Otto Wahlde, remark to Kahanamoku, on the way to the post:
"Now, Duke, this is the last chance you've got for the Englishman's trophy."
As a result of this admonition, no doubt, the Hawaiian started off at a terrific pace.
He shot away from the rest of us like a hydroplane.
I saw a streak of foam disappearing over my horizon.
That was enough.
I concentrated my worries elsewhere.
But after the motorist had traversed about 90yds he ran short of petrol, and his form loomed up again in my vision.
This occurrence simply electrified me, and minimised my own impending tiredness.
incident that that occupies a conspicuous niche in my memory
of what took
place on that historical occasion.
It was enacted on the starting platform.
The King and Queen of Sweden and other members of the Royal family were in attendance.
The sale of tickets had been stopped by the police.
Every available inch of space was filled by by the expectant crowd.
As can be imagined, the moment was one of intense excitement.
We had been allotted our stations, and the spectators duly advised of our identity and the countries we represented.
Just as we were about to assume a crouching attitude, Bretting, the German representative, left his post, at the opposite end of the line to where Kahanamoku and myself were placed.
Not a a few of his countrymen, it might be mentioned, had unbounded confidence in his ability to seriously dispute the issue with the Hawaiian.
Bretting walked straight up to the Duke, shook hands with him, turned to me and did likewise (he had picked up the crawl from seeing me swim in Hamburg six years previously), and, retraced his steps.
I had not yet recovered from my astonishment at this proceedure when the Duke's voice broke in:
"Say, Healy, he must think he is going to deliver the goods."
The comment struck me at the time as being immensely funny, and an involuntary peal of laughter escaped me before I collected my wits sufficiently to make the rejoiner:
"Then blessed is he who expecteth nothing."
KAHANAMOKU AND PARTY
Mr. W. W.
hon. secretary of the Australian Swimming Union, has
received a cable from
Mr W.T. Rawlins, president of the Hawaiian Amateur Athletic
that Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, Francis Evans and George Cunha
left on Honolulu
on the Ventura on November 30.
Francis Evans is evidently the manager of the party, and has taken Mr Rawlin's place as it was expected that the enthusiasts had done most in the development of Kahanamoku would come in charge of the team.
George Cunha is also famous as sprint swimmer and has secured many seconds to his companion.
He has covered the hundred yards in 57 seconds and the 50 yards in 24 seconds, and it is quite possible that both first and second place may go to the visitors in the hundred yards championship.
CHAMPION SWIMMER ARRIVES
WILL TAKE PART IN STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS.
the world's champion swimmer over 100 metres arrived here
by the R.M.S. Ventura yesterday.
He was accompanied by Mr. Francis Evans as manager, and Mr. George Cunha, an American resident of Honolulu, who is also a splendid performer in the water.
is a native of Honolulu, is 26 years of age.
He is a splendid specimen of manhood standing, 6ft 1in. and weighing 12st 8lb.
He is the undoubted sprint champion of the world.
At the Olympic Games at Stockhom in 1912 he won the 100 metres championship in 61 3-5s establishing a world's record that has never since been equalled.
Australia's best time for a similar distance is 64 4-5s.
Kahanamoku, though a sprinter, swims all distances up to 440 yards.
In his stroke, his arm work is similar to that in Austialia, but his "kick" or "foot- work" differs from ours.
He has a special "kick" of his own ; one that has won him renown, and has been called "the Kahanamoku kick."
The feet revolve like the blades of a steamer's propellor, and the champion gets up wonderful speed. In fact, he has been called "the flash," for he streaks through the water over the shorter distances at a tremendous pace.
arrived here to take part in the State championships on
6, and 9 next, in the Domain baths, when among his opponents
will be Longworth
and Barry, two Sydney swimmers who have already astonished
Both have splendid records, and by beating them Kahanamoku will have beaten our best.
After the Sydney swimming carnival, the champion goes to Queensland, where he will appear at several towns.
Then he returns to Sydney, and will give a second display.
On this occasion the Swimming Union will probably in arrange for a surf display, when the champion will be seen on the surf-board.
Matters in this direction have not yet been finally arranged.
Then the champion will proceed to the Dominion.
Victoria, on the score of expense, has declined a visit.
Duke Kahanamoku has arrived here early, so as to acclimatise himself, and thoroughly train for the championships.
He will make no public appearance nor take part in any events, until January 2, when he will be seen at his best.
credited with 57s for 100 yards, our best being but
Any performer who can do this will always be a dangerous opponent in the water.
Yesterday afternoon a large gathering met at the Hotel Australia to give the visitors a hearty welcome. Mr. J. Taylor, president of the union, presided.
In proposing the health of the visitors, the chairman said Kahanamoku was the first Olympic champion to visit our shores.
The association for many years had endeavoured to bring to Australia champions of other countries to measure blades, as it were, with our own swimmers in our own water, and under our own conditions.
sent teams to the Olympic Games, and also to contest the
it had remained to Kahanamoku to be the first champion to
come here and
measure his strength with our champions.
He expressed the hope that the visitors' stay would be a pleasurable one.
They could rest assured of fair-play in all their contests, and he felt sure they would get the same treatment from the champion.
Mr. H. Y. Braddon said it was a good thing for these events to take place.
Because of the terrible struggles they were engaged in, there had been an inclination to put off such events, but they all meant work for someone or another, and personally, he thought it a good thing to hold them.
Mr. C. W. Oakes also spoke.
Mr. Evans conveyed the best wishes of the Hawaiian swimmers to the Australians for their kindly invitation.
Their reception had been only such as befitted the greatest sport-loving country of the world.
When their visit was over, it would be said the best man had won.
Duke Kahanamoku said he had been looking forward to this visit for the last two or three years.
He was glad to see many faces he had seen at the Olympic Games at Stockholm.
He would do his best to win ; that was all be could do.
Mr. Cunha also replied.
Duke Reaches Sydney
Impressed by Baths : Distance Events : The Surf Board : By Cecil Healey
The Duke is
The celebrated Hawaiian and companions reached Sydney by the Ventura on Monday.
of prominent swimmers and officials awaited the steamer's
arrival at the
Many others, however, myself included, who were anxious to be present to greet the visitors when the stepped ashore, were misinformed as to the time the ship was due, and thus prevented from carrying out that intention.
of Kahanamouku, Mr. Francis Evans, manager, and Cunha,
To the suprise of all, Cunha is not an Hawaiian native as was thought, but a white man.
He was born at Honolulu and is of Portuguese-Irish descent.
Both he and Mr. Evans are short, slightly built men.
They look small by contrast alongside the Duke, who stands over 6ft.
officially welcomed at the Hotel Australia at 5 o'clock on
Followers of the sport congregated in great force.
It was the largest and most representative assembly of natatorial enthusiasts ever seen in Sydney.
The guests were recorded a magnificent reception, the hero of the occasion, Duke, of course, being specifically signalled out.
of the N.S.W.A.S.A., Mr. James Taylor, who presided, in
proposing the health
of the visitors, remarked thatthe controlling body had
in the past to secure the presence of champions from other
parts of the
world to measure blades, as it were, with Australians under
their own conditions.
It had remained for the Olympic champion, Duke Kahanamoku, to be the first accredited International swimmer to visit these shores.
The toast was supported by Messrs. H. Y. Braddon and C. W. Oakes, and drunk with enthusiasm and cordiality.
Evans conveyed the best wishes of the Hawaiian sportsmen to
for their kindly invitation..
He stated that Mr. Rawlins was extremely sorry at not being able to undertake the journey.
He explained that Mr. Rawlins had recently been elected a member of the legislature and he was debarred on that account from making the trip.
Their reception had been such as only benefited the greastest sports-loving country in the world.
announcement of the Duke's name was responsible for a great
burst of cheering,
which continued after he had risen to his feet.
Kahanamoku did not portray signs of self conciousness.
He faced his audience calmly, and spoke deliberately.
He said he had been looking forward to visiting Australia for the last two or three seasons, and felt sure he was in for a good time.
Cunha also made a few observations.
None of the party, as a matter of fact, revealed a perchant for public speaking.
impressions of the Duke (as a man) were re-established.
I had managed to get a chance to shake hands and have a chat with him.
He is a splendid dispositioned fellow, and I cannot concieve the thought of anyone taking other than an instant liking for him.
I make bold to predict that he will have ingratiated himself into the affections of a large number of Australians before departing on his homeward voyage.
I could not detect any alteration in his appearance.
He says he feels well, and his looks do not belie him.
The Ventura struck it pretty rough about 24 hours before she entered the harbour, but the travellers weathered the storm without suffering any dire consequences.
THE DUKE HAS IMPRESSIONS.
since landing to have a dip at the Domain Municipal baths.
"What do you think of them, Duke?" I enquired.
"Gee! They're just fine, and the water's great," was the prompt rejoiner.
I then asked : "Do you intend to compete beyond the quarter-mile?"
This interrogation made the Hawaiian's big black eyes expand and sparkle, and he answered, with an accompanying broad smile : "I want to look the bunch over first before deciding."
He told me he had partcipated in a few, but not a great many, lengthy races the past year or two.
He apparently does not plan to be a long-distance champion.
THE SURF BOARD FOR THE BEACHES.
get reminiscent about Stockholm, when I recollected
something I was particualy
anxious to know.
Simultaneously, I exclaimed : "Oh! Did you bring your surf board with you?", to which he replied:
"Why no, we were told the use of boards was not permitted in Australia."
Evidently noticing the look of keen disappointment on my face, he quickly added:
"But I can easily make one here."
This information, I am sure, both swimmers and surfers will be delighted to be acquainted with, as holding out prospects of the acquirement of the knack of manipulating them.
I have not
yet seen Cunha in the water, but Longworth, who I consider
judge, assures me he is a flyer; at least, that is the
estimation he formed
of him after watching him play about in the element for a
while on Monday.
Cuhuna is not at all unlike Percy McGillivary, who, next to the Duke, was perhaps the most prominent member of the American Olympic team.
Mr. Evans if the voyage across in the Ventura was
"Not altogether," was his comment; "we lost a propeller," which made me anxiously question, "Not one of the Duke's, surely?"
Mr. Evans was happy to state the Duke was still of the twin-srew variety.
Bye the bye, Mr. W. W. Hill enlightens me as to how Kahanamoku came to be called "Duke."
His birth corresponded with the visit of the Duke of Cummerland to Honolulu, and he was christened so in honour of that event.
The visitors were located at the Oxford Hotel.
The fastest swimmer in the world,
photographed at the Sydney Domain Baths
two hours after his arrival in Sydney.
He secured second place in most of the Pacific Coast Championships, and can do 100yds in 57sec.
He is one of the Honolulu party now in Sydney.
GOOD LOCAL FORM.
on Saturday, in the club events, that our champions will be
at the best
condition to meet the famous Hawaiian visitor.
Albert Barry probably put up the best swim of his career over ??? metres by covering the distance in 64 4-5s, (Australasian record).
Owing to the large crowd at the Domain Baths, the water was disturbed, and Barry was interfered with by the spectators and competitors during his swim.
He should still do better, and Kahanamoku will meet him at his best.
Longworth also showed excellent form in winning the 200 yards event at Rose Bay in the fast time of 2m. 14 4-5s.
The late Barney Kieran's best over this distance was 3m. 11s.
It will be seen that the swim was full of merit.
will be held tonight.
Randwick and Coogee will hold the Harris Cup 800yds teams' race at Coogee baths; and William Longworth wiII defend his title in the Eastern District 880yds championship against S. Smith, who is swimming particularly well just now.
The chief event at the Abbotsford carnival will be the Western District Championship, and Woolwich club will hold its first gala in aid of the Patriotic Fund of the district.
club is sending what is practically a Victorian
representative team of
swimmers to meet the Sydney club in the annual contests at
the Domain baths
In the breast-stroke they have always been successful.
The quarter-mile event promises to be a very open swim between T. W.. Mason (ex-champion of Victoria), L. and F. Grieve (representing Melbourne), and L. Boardman, C. Thomas, and G. Levy, who will appear on behalf of the local club.
The diving contestants will be N. Griffith (champion of Victoria), A. Sauter (who will represent Melbourne), and L. Boardman, L. McCarthy, and A. V. Barry, of Sydney.
Included in the Sydney Club's programme is the 880yds President's Cup handicap, and the entrants are notified that the heats will take place to-morrow night, at the Domain baths, at 8 p.m., and the final on Saturday.
of the council of the A.S.A. will be hold on Friday evening
the question of diving at the Kahanamoku carnivals.
Previously, at State championship carnivals, displays have been arranged by the best divers, but on this occasion the committee have arranged for a competition to be held each day.
have been received for the A grade polo competition, and
three for the
The disappointing response to the association's efforts led the polo committee to make a recommendation for the cancellation of the competitions this year, but it has been decided, by a very close vote, to go on with the arrangements.
The arrival of Kahanamoku and party by the Ventura last Monday has formed the completing a link in the great swimming celebrations, which are to take place in Sydney on January 2, 6 and 9.
It is the first time that Australia has entertained an international swimmer, and as as the present visitor is the world's best exponent, it makes the occasion the more memorable.
Duke Paoa Kahanamoku will find greater opposition in Sydney than any other part of the globe, and the entertainment at the Domain Baths should compare favourably with any other swimming function that has been held elsewhere.
George Cunha, who is accompaning Kahanamoku as swimming companion, is a performer of very high merit over distances from 50 to 220 yards, and has he has covered the 100 yards in 57 s, it is just possible that is possible that he may also outclass our best exponents in the sprint championship.
Francis Evans is manager, and has acted on several occasions with Mr Rawlins on tour with the Hawaiian teams in America.
They are members of the Hui Nalu Club, and the party will attend the Randwick and Coogee gala to-night, and Sydney- Melbourne contest on Saturday.
SURF DISPLAY BY KAHANAMOKU.
Wales Swimming Association has arranged for a display by
Duke Paoa Kahanamoku
at Freshwater on Wednesday morning, at 11 o'clock.
The famous swimmer will give an exhibition of breaker shooting and board shooting.
carnival under the auspices of the Yamba Surf Life-saving
Brigade is to
be held at Yamba on New Year's Day.
A unique and interesting programme bas been arranged, which includes championship swimming events, etc.
An exhibition of shooting the breakers with the aid of a board is to be given by Mr. T. Walker, who has had considerable experience on other well-known beaches.
1914 'DISTRICT NEWS.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), 22 December, p. 2, viewed 9 June, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61640169
in the Sydney Melbourne club contests forecasts a strenuous
time in connection with the Kahamamoku carnivals.
Next Tuesday the association will hold an exhibition for school-children throughout the metropolitan area.
The city council has granted them the free use of the gallery and 5000 tickets have been issued to the schools.
The program will include exhibitions by Duke Paoa Kahanamoku and George Cunha (Hawaii), Ivan Steadman (Victoria), and our best local exponents
decided not to compete in the longer distances.
He is not a distance or middle distance swimmer.
However, on this tour he has agreed to swim in all championships up and up to and including the quarter-mile; and will appear in the hundred yards on January 2, 440 yd. on January 6 and 220 yd. on January 9.
His companion, Geo. Cunha, will swim in the 100 yards and the 220 yards events on the two Saturdays, and will swim in the first-class handicap on the mid week gala.
Probably an attempt will be made on the 50 yards or 75 yards record, or a teams relay race over 220 yd., two men each racing 110 yards, will be arranged.
The matter will be settled within the next day or so by the executive of the A.S.A.
The second is the termination of the Melbourne club to compete at the carnivals is gratifying....
Swimming Union received a cable message from the
the Amateur Athletic Union of United States, through the
Association, vouching for the amateur standing of George
Cunha and the
Duke Kahamamoku, and granting them permission to compete in
A similar statement asked for by the United States Athletic Union regarding the understanding of the Australian swimmers, was cabled.
KAHANAMOKU DID NOT SHOW.
100 YARDS CHAMPIONSHIP
(BY W. F. C. CORBETT.)
have heard that through the publication of a paragraph
yesterday to the
effect that Kahanamoku would give an exhibition in the surf
Manly, some 2000 or 3000 people who assembled there to watch
the show were
The famous Hawaiian did not put in an appearance, and he was not expected to do- so by those controlling his visit to this country.
The association wishes it to be made knownn that the "Duke's" first appearance in publlc will take place on the openlng day (January 2) of the championship carnival at the Municlpal Baths, Domain.
The announcement of any other arrangement with Kahanamoku as the central flgure has not that body's authority.
and Cunha (Kahanamoku's companion) put up some speedy
performances In the
Municipal Baths, Domain, yesterday.
Longworth covered 440 yards in 5min. 30sec., Barry got over 110 yards in 1min. 2sec., which is only 3-5 seconds slower than Kahanamoku's world's 100 metres (slightly less than 110 yards) record,
accomplished at the Olympic Games held in Stockholm, two years ago.
Barry, it might be mentloned, is being trained in gymnasium work by Mr. Snowy Baker, for the forthcoming contests which are sure to excite world-wide interest.
to the swimming sensations of yesterday was 100 yards in
Entrles for the several events In connectlon with the approaching championship meetlng, have closed, and are unusually numerous.
Mr. Hay, the association organiser for the carnival, spent the whole day Monday and the greater part of the night receiving them.
Those who will compete for the 100 yards honors are:- Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, George Cunha, W. Longworth. A. Barry, L.O. Solomons, H. M. Hay, G. Wyld, J. Huie, Tas Jones, E. G. Finlay, J. Stedman. B. G. Page.
KAHANAMOKU ON THE BOARD.
A THRILLING SPECTACLE
(BY W. F. CORBETT.) (2)
, in the imagination the roars of applause with which
thousands of Australians
might have greeted Kahanamoku 's display at Freshwater,
Manly, this morning,
had the fact that it was to take place been made public. (3)
As it was there were only a few pressmen, some members of the New South Wales Amateur Swimming Association, and the casual Freshwater bathers present. (4)
The Hawaiian confined his show to riding the breakers with the aid of a board (5), such as been used in his native islands from time immemorial. (6)
in the Honolulu Museum - narrow ones, 20ft. in length,
with age. (7)
But the Hawaiian of today enjoys what is, perhaps, the most exhilira-ating (sic) and exciting water sport known with the assistance of a much shorter aid - one about eight or nine feet long, 2ft. across, and weighing, perhaps, 68lb.
The board used by Kahanamoku weighed 78lb, and was sugar pine.
preferred redwood , but a properly seasoned piece of that
, sufficiently long, could not be procured in Sydney.
The necessary shape is almost that of a coffin lid, with one end cut to very nearly a point.
The surf riding board is thicker at the bottom than at the top, tapering all the way. (8)
of the improvisation was wonderful, he handled it like a toy
and went out
fully a quarter of a mile, riding some breakers and dashing
with such speed that he completely mystified Messers. W. W.
Hill and Hoy
(8a), who entered the water with him.
Mr Hoy can throw a 100 yards behind in little more than a minute.
Not at any time in the race seaward did either of the swimmers hold the islander for a moment, and he soon away by himself. (9)
The Duke lay flat upon the board, and with arms widespread, paddled his own canoe vigorously. (10)
water was not favorable.
Kahanamoku would have preferred a long roll.
He had to face a very short one.
"I'll do my
anyhow," said he, and despite that the board was new to him
, and he had
never before essayed the task in Australian waters, (11) our
an exhibition which won the admiration of spectators who
the skill of it. (12)
It was a thrilling spectacle at times.
This finely-built Hawaiian, with his powerful frame showing elastic muscles, as better and more enduring than those of a knotty nature, caught the breaker he wanted , and paddling along for a while rose to one knee first, then became gradually erect (13.) and reached the crest to shoot foreword with astonishing speed and marvellous balance considering the troubled condition (14) of the motive power.
beneath him was spent, he plunged into the sea, and picking
up his board
went off to try again.
Always was the nose of the raft (10), if it might be so called, kept tilted upwards, whether while shooting or forced against the breakers.
When the surf rider found his board hanging he stooped and paddled till it darted forward once more. (15)
Twice he managed to traverse 100 yards or more, and several times 20 or 30 yards were covered. (16)
be understood what a display surf riding must be in the
ocean which laves
(sic) Waikiki Beach at Honolulu, where a long roll can
There 300 and 400 yards shoots are common.
Kahanamoku does not profess to be a champion when in his island home, but he is, he says as good as the very best there. (17)
The ease and grace of his shooting might be equalled, but it certainly could not be excelled.
As showing how much second nature it was to him, Kahanamoku stood on his head a couple of times, and even turned his back to the direction in which he was going, and posed. (18)
Lying flat on the board, the Hawaiian caused it to describe a half-circle or turn completely round without spoiling the shoot. (19, 20)
F. Corbett joined
The Referee, (a Sydney sporting paper) in 1888,
where he reported boxing, swimming, lawn bowls and both codes
He moved to the Sydney Sun in 1913. (Source -Rabbitoh Warren)
After a journalistic career of 37 years, he died in 1923, aged 67.
(Source -the Bulletin, Sydney, 1 November, 1923)
sentence implicitly criticized NSW Swimming officials who
demonstration scheduled for the previous day, much to the
of an a crowd estimated between 2000 - 3000 people.
See Corbett's report, The Sun, December 23, 1914, page 5.
4. Only a small number of obsevers were present, compared to the large crowds reported, and shown in photographs, of later demonstrations.
5. The demonstration was with the board only, apparently enthusiasts were also anxious to see Duke Kahanamoku's body surfing skills.
6. The ancient origins of board riding is noted, information probably provided (and emphasised) by Duke Kahanamoku.
reported as held by the Bishop Museum probably refers to those
Wakiki in the 1830's by high chief Abner Paki and eventually
Tom Blake in the late 1920's.
specifications appear very close to being correct, unlike many
Note the misreporting of specifications in SMH report of 25th December.
The weights of the Freshwater board and Duke Kahanamoku's reported Hawaiian board appears reasonable.
The Freshwater board was made from imported sugar pine, which had some use for surfboard construction in Hawaii in this period.
8a. Hoy, possibly a printers error for Harry Hay.
9. Demonstrated a surfboard's paddling superiority over swimming.
various terms are used - board, surf
canoe and raft.
The term surf board is not used
is noted as Duke Kahanamoku's first test of board and
Doubt that Hawaiian boardriding was possible in local waves had been previously expressed by Australian swimming and/or surfing officials .
Evidently, Duke Kahanamoku did not.
It would also seem unlikely that he had not body surfed in Australia before this date.
demonstrates some surf knowledge, particularly in noting the
of the conditions.
More importantly he notes the knowledge of the spectators "who thoroughly understood the skill of it."
13. The importance of wave choice and rudimentary take-off instructions.
to a uneven swell or even choppy surface conditions, as
by photograph by the Daily Telegraph, 25th December,
There is no estimation of wave height.
- the dismount
- keeping the nose elevated when paddling and riding.
- adjusting stance to maintain trim
to indicate cutting- that isangling across the
as opposed to riding straight towards the beach.
Rides of 100 yards are considered substantial by modern standards.
17. While aware of his own abilities, Duke Kahanamoku indicates that his skills are not exceptional and are attainable by others.
18. A spectatular demonstration of skill.
flat on the board, the Hawaiian caused it to describe a
turn completely round without spoiling the shoot."
to describe a prone spinner, a manoeuvre popularized by
Possibly performed in the white water (wave of transition), and also noted in the SMH report of 25th December. is not mentioned in any other contemporary accounts of surfing.
"He turned completely round, then lying flat on the board, he raised himself on his hands and swung the board from front to back and back to front, finally again standing straight up." .
20. Although often noted in later reports, there is no mention of tandem riding, Isobel Letham or the Manly surfboat.
ACROBATICS IN THE SURF.
At the invitation of the N.S.W Amateur Swimming Association a number of newspaper representatives, accompanied some of the officials to witness an exhibition of surf-board riding by Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, the world's champion sprint swimmer, at Freshwater yesterday (Thursday 24th December 1914).
first attempt at surf-board riding in Australia, and it must
it was wonderfully clever.
The conditions were against good surfboard-riding.
The waves were of the 'dumping' order and followed closely one on top of another.
According to the champion, board-riding on the Waikiki Beach, Honolulu, is a pleasure and there it is possible to shoot in over a quarter of a mile.
Then too, Kahanamoku was at disadvantage with the board.
It weighted almost 100lb, whereas the board he uses as a rule weighs less than 25lb.
But, withal, he gave a magnificent display, which won the cordial reponse of the onlookers.
the water with the board accompanied by Mr. W. W. Hill and
members of the Freshwater Surf Club. Lying flat on the board
his arms like paddles the champion soon left the swimmers
When he was about 400 yards out he waited for a suitable breaker, swung the board round and came in with it.
Once fairly started, Kahamamoku knelt on the board, and then stood straight up, the nose of the board being well out of the water.
But the force of the breakers never carried him more than 50 yards.
On a couple of occassions he managed to shoot fully 100 yards and then he cleverly demonstrated what could be done.
He turned completely round, then lying flat on the board, he raised himself on his hands and swung the board from front to back and back to front, finally again standing straight up.
of the water is favourable when Kahanamoku makes his public
in surfboard riding in Sydney it is sure to be keenly
is noted as the first. It appears to be a test of Australian
and rider, and was
not greatly publicised.
There have may been some doubt by Australian swimming and/or surfing officials that Hawaiian boardriding was possible in local waves. Evidently, Duke Kahanamoku did not.
3. The reporter demonstrates some surf knowledge, particually in noting the unsuitablity of the conditions.
in weight between the Freshwater board and Duke Kahanamoku's
is questionable, unless the latter was of Koa, a lightweight native timber.
The Freshwater board was made from imported sugar pine, which was in use that for surfboard construction in Hawaii in this period.
5. Demonstrated a surfboard's paddling superioity over swimming.
"He turned completely round, then lying flat on the board, he
on his hands
and swung the board from front to back and back to front, finally again standing straight up." is unclear but
seems to describe a prone spinner, a manoeuvre popularized by Boogie boarders, circa 1980.
Possibly performed in the white water (wave of transition), it is not mentioned in any other comtemporary accounts of
7. There is no mention of tandem riding, Isobel Letham or the Manly surfboat.
GRAND AQUATIC CARNIVAL AT YAMBA, NEW YEAR'S DAY,
YAMBA SURF LIFE SAVING BRIGADE.
1914 'SWIMMING.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), 29 December, p. 7, viewed 4 June, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61640449
Examiner and New England Advertiser.
Grafton, Tuesday 7 September 1880
THE CLARENCE ELECTORAL DISTRICT, 1880
Walker Samuel, Chatsworth
Walker William, Yamba
Walker Charles, Chatsworth
1880 'THE CLARENCE ELECTORAL DISTRICT, 1880.', Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser (Grafton, NSW : 1859 - 1889), 7 September, p. 4, viewed 4 June, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article62117648
: Kahanamoku in 100yds Championship
: by CECIL HEALY
KAHANAMOKU AND SURF BOARD
the Press were invited to witness a private exhibition of
riding by Kahanamoku at Freshwater on Thursday.
It was to have been the previous day, but the intention accidentally became public property, and as several thousand people were attracted to the vicinity, Association officials decided to postpone it.
Business considerations, unfortunately, prevented the writer from being present.
the reputation of being, on the whole, the best beach for
but the conditions, I understand, were far from being ideal
on that particular
The waves, for instance, were breaking too lose to the shore to permit of a good "run' being obtained, and, moreover, were of the "dumping" variety; also the board itself, which was made locally, was not exactly what was required.
It weighed in the neighbourhood of 100lb, whereas those in use at Honolulu are only a quarter that weight.
However, despite the disadvantages mentioned, the Duke succeeded in assuming the perpendicular, and negotiating several shoots in his familiar poster attitude.
One one occasion, whilst laying flat on the board, with a deft movement he swung the board right about, and proceeded backwards for a while before repeating the action and facing shorewards again.
A number of our leading surfers were spectators of the display, and from what I can gather the general impression amoungst them was that he did wonderfully well under the circumstances, but they feel sure it merely amounted to an indication of what he is capable of doing under more favorable conditions.
They have no doubt that when he has the opportunity to adapt himself to the vagaries of our surf, and strikes a suitable day, he will be able to do things of a really sensational nature.
The dextrous manner in which he handled the heavy board when taking it out through the breakers would appear to have greatly suprised the Sydney men.
have been received for the year's State championships.
Two are to be decided at the initial carnival, which is to be held at the Domain Baths next Saturday afternoon, namely the 100yds and 880yds.
The Olympic champion, Duke Kahanamoku, and his brilliant travelling companion, George Cunha, are competing in the former event.
It will be their first public appearance in competition.
Incidentally, it will consitute the first occasion that an overseas champion has ever raced in Australia.
E. S. Marks was prominant in Sydney sports and was a member of the Manly Surf Club in 1910.
S and G Champion (2000) page 134.
Sydney's premier athletic track is named
The E.S. Marks Field.
Postcard reproduced from private collection.