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The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954) Saturday 2 March 1918 p 2 Advertising ... ' , Sensational Surf Exhibitions and Wonderful "Duke" Surf Board Shooting, given and demonstrated by the l"\pert ... 48716 words 
The Sydney Morning Herald

Monday 15 April 1918, page 3.


If Richard Walton Tully's new play mast be pronounced weak and uncertain on the dramatic side, it still possesses touching moments, and there is no mistaking the picturesque appeal of George Upward's, beautiful scenes from island life.
Indeed, the American producer, Mr. George Barnum, seems to have had a free hand in the lavish staging of a piece which mainly attracts by the deep, strong charm of an atmosphere constantly maintained on the lines indicated.
There is the plaintive, sweet, and monotonous music of the ukuleles, with their zither-like tones, the weird chanting of Hawaiian natives, and the dancing of the hula girls.
The curtain rises upon a cave in the Island of Puna, where the pleasuroe-loving islanders sing and strum at one of the many self-imposed holiday picnics which so exasperate their "sugar-man" - the American manager of a great sugar plantation.
Suddenly the sun-filled scene, with the bright blue sea beyond Uio plumy palms drowsing by the shore, is overcast by a passing storm.
A clever spectacular device sugests the torrents of rain which fall upon the beach without touching the groups beneath the trees inland, and then in a moment the tropical visitation melts like a dream, and the somnolent sunshlne-charm reasserts its accustomed sway.
In this way infinite artistic skill has been bestowed upon the mounting of "The Bird of Paradise" all through to the tragic close, where the gloomy volcanic mountain of Pelo vomits flame and steam. Here the unhappy princess-herolne leaps into the glowing crater BB the needed human sacrifice to appease the offended deity, and save her suffering people.
Thousands of playgoers will admire and marvel at the scenic triumphs of the new piece, and this one in particular was applauded with enthusiasm.

Muriel Starr is linked with these scenes as Luana, the central figure of the romantic love story. Incidentally, Luana's career emphasises the misery ultimately and inevitably caused by the union of an educated white man with a half-clvilised native, and further exposes the moral deterioration arising from life in one of these Pacific paradises, where everything comes for the asking, and the warm tropical sun, with flower-covered fingers, binds and paralyses the healthy action of heart and
Miss Starr was especially happy in suggesting the light-hearted witchery of the dusky, dark-eyed Luana.
Especially was the spell of her love-making apparent in the scene in which, with a caress in every word, she persuaded Dr. Paul Wilson to miss the steamer for the leper settlement in order to admire her prowess as leader of the surf-board bathers.
Two years later Luana and her "Paula" are man and wife in their fascinating grass house.
He craves, and she hands him, the fatal cups of awa (called also "kava"), which keep him without will for work, idling from day to day.
It is here that the sugar-man, a character realised with masterly strength and vigour by George Bryant, offers Luana the choice of a crown as vassal-queen under the American flag, or of allowing the Washington Government to declare a republic.
Luana's childish, unsophisticated joy at the idea ot unlimited fine clothes and costly gems, mingled with a cunning which caused her to decline honours abroad in order to keep her "Paula" away from the white ladies, was amusingly shown by the actress; and the anguished grief of the little princess at the discovery that she was unsuited to the society of Captain Hatch's dinner-party at Honolulu, that the god of her idolatry had wearied of her, and that nothing remained but immolation upon her country's altar, deeply moved the audience.

Louis Kimball, playing against tho sympathies of the house, was successful in showing the weak, egotistical, and petty nature of the always distrustful Dr. Wilson.
Mr. Frank Harvey was strong as the ragged, trembling Ten-Thousand-Dollar Dean, a beachcomber ruined by drink, but ultimately redeemed by the inspiration of a woman's love.
Tien Hogue, as the fair-haired Diana Larned, was at her best in the sincerity of her appeal, "Come up to the light," though the dramatist develops the actlon of his story too rapidly and too abruptly to meke the situation convincing.
J. B. Atholwood, a venerable and picturesque figure as the Hawaiian High Priest, played the role with imposing solemnity of diction.
James Hughes, an aesthetic, though somewhat stout, stalwart, in an abbreviated bathing-suit, made a sensation as Luana's native admirer.
Edwin Lester and Marion Marcus Clarke filled minor roles as the Rev. and Mrs. Sysonby, familiarly known by their undressed flock as "the mikinaries."
Maggie Moore won the audience as the genial and motherly Maheemahu.

For Richard Walton Tully biography, see:
Bird of Paradise was filmed twice:

The Sydney Morning Herald
Tuesday 29 October 1918, page 6.


The secretarles of the Navy League yesterday received the following cablegram from Admiral Lord Charles Beresford:
"Wish you every possible success for 'Jack's Day.'
I heartily approve of all the objects you intend to benefit."


An exhibition of 70 paintings, sketches, and art photographs presented to the Jack's Day Fund by tbe artists of Sydney will be opened in Canberra House, at the corner of Liverpool and Elizabeth streets, by his Excellency the Governor, at 3 o'clock this afternoon.
The exhibition will be open to-day, to-morrow, and on Thursday.
The pictures are to be disposed of by art union.


The organisers of the Jack's Day procession are making a special appeal to tbe employers of cadets of the Royal Australlan Naval Brigade to allow the lads permission to take part in the procession through the streets on Jack's Day.
The boys are to muster in the Domain near the Registrar-General's office at , 9 a.m. on Frlday.


The effigy of the German Emperor should provide some entertainment at the village fair to be held at the Broadway on Jack's Day.
This will be a giant figure, presented by the J. C. Williamson Company, and will be subjected to whatever treatment the people may think it worthy of.
Finally, in the evening, it will be blown out of existence.
Other attractions will include Barry Lupino, Claude Flemming, Mons. Goossens, Jack Ralston, Sydney James, Muriel Starr, Ruby Hooper's pupils, the Katinka Quartette, and at night Paramount pictures will be shown in the village fair.
His Excellency tho Governor has promised to attend.
The members of the Bondi and North Bondi Surf Clubs have combined to hold a monster surf and beach carnival in aid of Jack's Day at Bondi Beach on Saturday afternoon next.
The programme will include exhibitions of surfboard riding by pupils of Kahanamoku, and sensational canoe races through the breakers.
Among the attractions on Jack's Day will be the Japanese goods to be offered for sale at the Nippon Yusen Kalsha stall in connection with Burns, Philp, and Co.'s exhibit in Bridge-street.
All kinds of pretty and novel goods and toys will be stocked.

Jack's Day, 1 November 1918, was a fund to help the men of the Navy and the Mercantile Marines.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Thursday 31 October 1918, page 6.


Bondi surfers will make a big effort for Jack's Day on Saturday afternoon next on their spacious beach.
The members of tho Bondi and North Bondi clubs have combined to conduct a pageant.
A big feature will be a wrestling match between W. Smyth, the holder of the Australasian heavyweight championship, who represented the Commonwealth at the last Olympic games, and Reg. Fletcher, champion of Bondi, who has, up to the present, thrown all his adversaries.
The novel spectacle will also be presented of a cattle dog riding a tossing surf-board right through the breakers to the beach.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Tuesday 28 October 1919, page 8.


On November 8 and 16 the New South Wales Surf-bathing Association, the Manly Lite Saving Club, and the Manly Swimming Club will control a series of events in connection with the Victory Carnival. They will include an alarm reel race, a surfboat race, a surf-board display, and a surf race, which will be open to members of any club affiliated to the New South Wales Surf-bathing Association.
The principal attraction on the harbour side wall be an exhibition of aquaplaning behind motor speed launches.
The other events, which are restricted to members of the Manly Swimming Club, include high diving displays and noyelty events.
It has been decided to have a netted area for the swimming races, which will contain a 60yds course. Big prizes will be given, including an order tor 6 guineas for the champion surfboat crew.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Saturday 8 November 1919, page 14.


Several beach and surf events will be hold in connection with the Manly Victory Venetian Carnival this afternoon. Large entries have been received from all the life-saving clubs for the suriboat race, surf board display, surf race, and alarm reel race.
There will be a special boat service for those travelling from and to the city.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 8 December 1919, page 8.


North Steyne Surfbathers' Lifesaving Club held its annual carnival at Manly on Saturday.
The first of four contests for the Cecil Healy Memorial Shield was the principal event, and the competítion was keen in the senior alarm reel race, Harold Hardwick and Harry Hay (beltmen) provided a close and exciting finish, Hardwick just winning.

Cecil Healy Memorial Shield, Surf Point Score Competition -  Manly Life saving Club: H. M. Hay, N. C. Smith, S. C. Wright, M. C. Crackanthorp, 1; Cronulla: R. Bowden, H. J. Congdon, F. Maguire, F. Sandon, 2; Bondi : H. Fletcher, W. Douglass, E. Clark, R. Stewart, 3.
Life Line Rescue -  Manly B team, 1; North Steyne and Cronulla, tie, 2.
Sack Race - L. Maguire (Cronulla), 1; P Schaffer (Bondi), 2; L. Quinn (Collaroy), 3.
Senior Alarm Reel Race (teams of five) - Manly A, 1; Manly B, 2.
Surf Board Display -  C. West (Manly), 1; S. Dowling (Manly), 2.
Beach Flag Relay Race - Coogee A, 1.
Wheelbarrow Race - E. Wigney and A. Hilder (North Steyne), 1; J. Dempster and C. Cunningham (Dee-why), 2.
Junior Alarm Reel Race -  North Steyne, 1; Manly C, 2; Manly A, 3.
Surf Boat Race (crews of five) - Freshwater A (R. Matheson, captain, H. Lasson, D. Matheson, S. Barker, and A. Colter).
Surf Race - E. O. Watson, 1; R. E. Brown, 2.
Tug-of war - Collaroy, 1; Manly, 2.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Wednesday 21 January 1920, page 12.


Manly Life-savlng Club's annual surf carnival will be held on Saturday afternoon.
Included in the programme is the alarm reel race, which is included in a series of point score competitions for the Cecil Healey Memorial Shield.
This event has attacted all the States' champion surf swimmers, among them Harold Hardwick, J. Dexter, S. Wright, and H. Hay.
There will be exhibitions of surfboat and surfboard shooting.
Large entries have been received.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Saturday 6 March 1920, page 9.


The series of seaplane flights, conducted by Flight-Lieutenant Roberts for the committee of the Manly Peace Memorial Hospital Carnival, have proved such a draw that passengers trips are being made a daily feature of the carnival.
A surf carnival for the Manly Surf Club, and similar clubs north of Manly only, will he run this afternoon, with alarm reel races, surfboard exhibitions, and surfboat races.
A fancy dress fete will be held at night, and there will be a display of aerial bombs.

The Brisbane Courier
Friday 9 April 1920, page 8.


A successful seaside carnival organised by the Tweed Heads and Coolangatta Life Saving Club was held on Easter Sunday and Monday.
Results -
McDonald Shield Competition - Tweed Heads and Coolangatta No 1 team, 153 points, 1;
Currumbin Life Saving Club, 149, 2; Tweed Heads and Coolangatta Life Saving Club No 2 team, 132, 3; Kirra Life Saving Club, 116, 4; Byron Bay Life Saving Club, 104, 5.
Surf Board Display - Miss Fitzgibbon.
Gold Rush - A. T. Davis and L. Gray.
Surf Race -  T. W. Springfield, 1; E. S. Collin  2.
Pillow Fight - O. Martin.
Surf Rescue Race - A. Copland.
An examination was conducted here during the Easter holidays for Life Saving Society and and surf awards.
Results: - Byron Bay one proficiency certificate, eight bronze medallions, one honorarv instructor's certificate, eight surf bronze medallions, one surf honorary instructor certircate; Tweed Head 2 surf bronze medallions, one surf honorary instructor's certificate; Brisbane six surf bronze medallions, one honorary instructor's certificate.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Tuesday 11 January 1921, page 6.


Two world-champion swimmers will arrive to-day.
They are the young Hawaiian, Pua Kealoha and Ludy Langer, an American and a resident of Hawaii.
This will be the third visit of international swimmers to Australia, and their appearance is exciting great interest; although the eleventh-hour withdrawal from the team of Kealoha's compatriot, Duke Kahanamoku, the world's greatest sprint swimmer, has caused considerable disappointment.

Kealoha and Langer have splendid swimming records, Kealoha in the sprints and Langer in the middle distances.
Kealoha last April won as a junior an American national championship in 55 3-5s.
He then visited Antwerp for the Olympic Games, and there showed himself a remarkable swimmer by finishing second to Kahanamoku in the 100 metres race, and equalling the former worId's record for the distance- 61 2-5s.
He was also a member of the winning American team in the 800 metres race.
This was practically his first appearance in "big" swimming.
Those who saw Kealoha swim at the Games are of the opinion that he will beat Kahanamoku should they meet again.
As for style, Kealoha, according to the Olympic men, is very similar in the water to Kahanamoku.
Although an American by birth, Langer has lived at Honolulu for a long time, and he has represented Hawaii in most of his swimming.
His best performance, perhaps, is a swim in a 76 yards bath, of 440 yards, in the recognised world's record time of  5 min. 17 2-5s.
At the Olympic Games he was placed In the distance events, and extended the redoubtable Norman Ross.
Langer is a swimmer who is sure to interest Australians, for he adopts a stroke all his own, and apparently very different from the independent stroke used by the Hawaiians and Americans.
His kick is described as that of a six-beat crawl, and his body movement differs from most swimmers, the body being rolled to both sides instead of, as is customary, to one side only.
It is unfortunate that the delayed departure of the boat leaves such a short period in which the visitors can train.
Norman Ross last year had considerably more time for training than Kealoha and Langer will have, yet he, on the first day of the carnival, was a very sick man, and although he managed to just win his race, the time was seconds on the wrong side of his best.
So that the visitors have a very formidable task ahead of them, and should they not he successful on their first carnival appgarance here they will have a reasonable excuse.
There are several local men who have shown brilliant form this year.
The carnival at Manly on Saturday revealed the results of several weeks of training on the part of our champions.
The competitors included Frank Beaurepaire, Herald, Cotton, Kirkland, and Hay, who showed that they are entitled to be included in the first dozen swimmers of the world.
Beaurepaire covered the 150 yards in 1m 32 2-5s.
This, although it cannot be accepted as a record, because it was done in a handicap race is three-fifths of a second faster than the Australasian record to the credit of the- late Cecil Healy. Cotton, in defeating Herald in the 220 yards race in 2m 30s, won one of the most brilliant races ever swum in Sydney waters.
Kealoha, Langer, Beaurepaire, and several others prominent in the sport, will be the guests of the Cronulla Life-Saving Club at the week-end.
They will be taken through National Park, and afterwards entertained at lunch at Cronulla.
An invitation surf race in which the visitors will compete, is set down for the afternoon, and there will probably be an alarm reel race.
The feature of the day is expected to be a surf-board exhibition by Kealoha and Langer.
After a lengthy discussion at a special executive meeting of the New South Wales Amateur Swimming Association yesterday, it was decided that the Victorian champion, Frank Beaurepaire, was eligible to swim at the championship carnivals.
The carnivals being State championships, there was some doubt as to whether Beaurepaire, who is a Victorian, could take part.
The civic reception to the visiting swimmers will take place at the Town Hall to-day at 11.30.
Those who have received cards of invitation should present them at the door.
Owing to the delay in the arrival of the Makura the New South Wales Amateur Swimming Association has postponed its reception until to-morrow, at 12 o'clock, at the Hotel Australia. 

The Sydney Morning Herald
Tuesday 22 March 1921, page 10.


Yesterday the second annual carnival of the Secondary School Girls' Sports Association, was held in the Domain Baths.
The attendance was the biggest seen at a school carnival this season, and the various events created great excitement, as the champions of the different high schools were pitted against each other.
Miss Ethelda Bleibtrey (world's champion lady swimmer), and Pua Kealoha, the Hawallan, gave exhibitions of swimming and fancy diving, which were educative, and greatly appreciated.


A unique event has been added to the programme for the farewell championship carnival to Miss Bleibtrey and the Hawaiian swimmers to-morrow evening.
This is a 400 metres championship race, in which treams of the best swimmers in New South Wales, consisting of both sexes, will compete, and each team will represent a British dependency and America.
The teams selected comprise the strongest combinations of swimmers seen In Sydney, and are as follows:
America: Miss Bleibtrey, Ludy Langar, Miss Dowd, and Pua Kealoha.
Britain: Miss Thea Cavill, Cotton, Miss Townend, and Herald.
India: Miss Wylie, Christie, Miss E. Smith, and McCure.
South Africa: Miss McDonald, Solomon, Miss Mauling, and Beck.
Australia: Miss Fevyer, Kirkland, Miss Lovelace, and W. Longworth.
Canada: Miss Robertson, L. Boardman, Miss Lomax and Hay.

The other events include the 100 metres first-class handicap, in which Kealoha and the local champions will compete; the 400 metres invitation handicap, in which Langer and the local distance champions will participate; and 220yds colts scratch race, in which Griffiths, Penfold, Eve, Christie, and others will start.

The visiting Hawallans and Miss Bleibtrey were to-day the guests of Mr. Frank Black, at Palm Beach, and they gave exhibitions of surfboard shooting.

Cairns Post
Tuesday 31 January 1922, page 3.


Three members of the Surf Club went out to shoot the breakers at Manly recently, and were followed by two men who were warned not to make the attempt.
Before long they were caught in the undertow and carried out, and the life-savers had to go to their aid.
Mr. Norman Smith jumped in with a life-line and battled out, having a hard swim for a great distance.
His line became entangled in the rocks, but he got clear and reached one man, who was held up for over half an hour by Dr. R. E. Brown, of Sydney Hospital, and Mr. Arthur Richards.
The surfer was brought ashore amid cheers.
The other man was dragged out much farther, and was only rescued after a strenuous struggle by the surf-boat, which had been manned from Fairy Bower.
Thousands of people cheered the boat as it returned.
Messrs. Downing and Chissold, of the Manly Surf Club, were, among those who helped in the rescue.


At the same time Mr. S. Downing had a miraculous escape from death.
He was on a surf-board, when a-big wave rushed him towards the rocks.
He jumped clear just as the board, was dashed on the jagged rocks.
North -Steyne also had its thrills.
Test races were being held by the surf club in the morning, and the first heat passed off without incident.
In the second heat, however, a number of club members, all trained life-savers, were washed out to sea, and had to be rescued by their comrades

The Sydney Morning Herald
Tuesday 18 April 1922, page 10.


A surf carnival was held at Cronulla yesterday.
There was a good attendance.
The principal events were:
Parade and March Past.- Cronulla, 1; Collaroy, 2.
Wheelbarrow Race.- Collaroy (Lee and Syrets), 1; Freshwater (Gittock and W. Dowling), 2.
Novice Relay Race.- Coogee, 1; Manly, 2.
400 yards Beach Teams Relay Race.- Cronulla, 1; Manly A,  2.
Senior Surf Race.- Bondi (Spears and Barrington), 1; North Steyne (H. March and E. Henry), 2.
Sack Race.- Edward Whitehead (North Steyne), 1; L. Maguire (Cronulla), 2.
Novice Senior Alarm Race.-  Coogee, 1; Collaroy, 2.
Surf Board Display.-  K. Bates (Cronulla), 1; J. Bryan (Cronulla), 2.
Surf Race.-  E. Henry (North Steyne), 1; E. Baird (North Steyne), 2.
100yds Beach Sprint. -  I. Maguire (Cronulla), 1; S. Attakin (Collaroy), 2.
Carry-your-chum Race - A. Lee and W. Forbes (Collaroy), 1; L. Manning and W. Johnson (North Wollongong), 2.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Wednesday 26 April 1922, page 15.


The local surf club held a grand Venetian carnival on the beach on Easter Monday.
Visitors came from all parts, and the function was a great success.
Mr. A. Walker, of the Manly Surf Club, gave a splendid display of fancy surfboard shooting and canoe riding through the breakers.
The surf alarm reel race competition was won by Coffs Harbour, with Coffs Harbour Jetty second.
The carnival was continued at night.
The club expects to net £60 profit.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Wednesday 31 December 1924, page 1.


Sam Kahanamoku, the Hawaiian swimmer, arrived in Sydney yesterday by the Sonoma.
"Since the day my brother, Duke Kahnna moku, arrived home, I have been looking forward to a visit to Sydney," be said.
The Sydney Morning Herald

Saturday 3 January 1925, page 14.


Sam Kahanamoku, the Hawaiian swimmer, will give an exhibition of surf-board riding at the North Bondi carnival this afternoon, commencing at 3 o'clock.
He will then motor to Manly, and will be introduced to the public at the Manly swimming carnival.

The Mercury (Hobart)
Thursday 8 January 1925, page 12.


Sam Kahanamoku did no (sic) display very much tact at Bondi on Saturday, as be was inclined to pass disparaging remarks regarding the surfing and the facilities provided.
However, it is to be hoped that the Amateur Swimming Union of Australia will provide Kahanamoku with an Australian travelling manager, as was discussed and recommended at the last conference of the union in Melbourne, at which all inter-State delegates were present.
It was thought that through lack of knowledge of Australian conditions, etc., visitors may get incorrect impressions, and the union have trouble with them, similar to that which arose when Arne Borg visited various States without a manager.

Frank Doyle won the Sydney club's 100 yards handicap in 56 3-5sce., the fastest he has accomplished.
Should he be able to repeat his performance he will nearly beat Knhanamoku over the 100 yards in the forthcoming Australian championships.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Friday 9 January 1925, page 12.


Sam Kahanamoku, the Hawaiian champion, will on Sunday next be the guest of the North Steyne Surf Life-saving Club, and will at the same time be welcomed to Manly by the Mayor (Alderman Samuels).
During the day a surf race will be held, in which representatives from district surf life-saving clubs will take part.
There will also be surf boat and surf board races.
Kahanamoku will be a competitor in the surf race, and will give an exhibition with the surf board.
The visitor will be entertained at a complimentary luncheon.

The West Australian (Perth)
Thursday 22 January 1925, page 11.

To day's Contents.

Pictorial features in to-day's 'Western Mail' are topical and historical, ranging from aspects of the current shipping disorder to the arrival of Governor Weld at Freemantle in 1869.
A photograph ..., a surfboard exhibition by Sam Kahanamoku, .... 

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 9 February 1925, page 7.


A record crowd of 20,000 people witnessed Newcastle's annual surf carnival, which was held on Newcastle Beach on Saturday afternoon.
Favorable conditions prevailed, and, with the inclusion of 14 metropolitan clubs, representing some 360 surfers, the carnival was regarded as the most successful yet held in the northern district.
Apart from the spirit of sportsmanlike rivalry, which resulted in the events being keenly and excitingly contested, the programme including surf bout races, surf board exhibitions, and reel races, provided a host of thrills, which were warmly applauded by the spectators.

Grand Parade and March Past.- Cook's Hill, 1; Newcastle, 2; North Narrabeen, 3.
Twelve teams competed.
"Johnny Walker" Rescue and Resuscitation Competition: Cook's Hill, 1; Manly, 2; North Steyne, 3.
A protest was entered by Cook's Hill against Manly and North Steyne in the above event.
Second and third places will be decided at a meeting of the Surf Life Saving Association.
Surf Board Exhibition.- C. J. McAlllister and J. O. Downing, Manly, dead heat, 1.
Open Surf Race.- J. Cook (Cook's Hill), 1; Morte« (Manly), 2; A. Walker (Manly), I.
Parnell Surf Boat Race.- First Heat: Palm Beach, 1; Newcastle, 2.
Second heat: Merewether.
The boats of Freshwater and Cronulla, and other two competitors, capsised.
In the final, Merewether beat Palm Beach, the boat of the latter club capsising when about 100 yards from the shore.
Junior Alarm Race.- First heat: North Narrabeen, 1; North Steyne, 2, Newcastle, 3.
Second heat: Newcastle (Nobbys), 1; Newcastle, 2.
Final: Nobbys (F. Young beltman), 1; North Steyne (G. Ryan), 2; North Narrabeen (C. Butcher), 3.
Beach Flag Relay Race.- Final: Clovelly A, 1; Coogee, 2.
Brace Surf Relay Race.- North Narraneen (O. Proudfoot and Black), 1; Manly (K. Watson and A. Walker), 2; North Steyne (K. Thompson and 0. Boulton), 3.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Wednesday 23 February 1927, page 2.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 28 February 1927, page 15.


In winning the rescue and resuscitation event at the championship carnival of the Surf Life-Saving Association at Manly on Saturday afternoon, the North Steyne Club holds the premiership pennant for the year.
The carnival brought together the champions from the four districts in which the heats were decided, and the areas known as the northern metropolitan (Manly to Palm Beach), southern metropolitan (North Bondi to Cronulla), the South Const, and the northern district representatives in most of the events.
About 8000 people witnessed the carnival, but the arrangements for keeping the crowd off the carnival area, and out of the watcr used for the events, could have been improved.

The various events were keenly contested.
In the rescue and resuscitation championship event Bondi was narrowly beaten by North Steyne, and in the senior alarm reel race Bondi was again defeated, this time by the younger Collaroy Club. Bondi held this championship last year.
Freshwater was successful in the junior alarm reel championship.
The senior and junior surf races were hotly contested.
In the senior event, E. Henry took charge in the early stages of the race, and maintained the lead through-out.
His clubmate, A. M. Morton, was second.
A. Laidlaw (North Bondi) had a meritorious win in the junior event, R. Atkins (North Narrabeen), being second.

The surf boat races were exciting, and there were quite a number of incidents which roused the crowd to enthusiasm.
There were three eliminating heats in the senior event, and the final was contested by Cronulla, Manly, and North Steyne.
The three boats kept well together on the journey to the buoys, which were rounded first by Manly. North Steyne overtook Manly's boat, the Sawfish, and, nearing the beach, both boats got the same "shoot," and the clever handling of the former boat by H. C. Evans enabled North Steyne to win by a foot or two.
It was one of the most exciting boat finishes of the season.
The final of the junior boat event was a duel between Queenscliff and North Steyne.
The latter had some difficulty in getting away from the beach, and Queenscliff obtained a lead of probably 60 to 70 yards.
The North Steyne crew put in some splendid work, and, rounding the buoys, had reduced the lead to 15 yards.
Thirty yards from the beach the boats were level, and on reaching the breakers the North Steyne boat overturned, Queenscliffe being declared the winners.

Results -
Rescue and Resuscitation - North Steyne (G.  Bland patient; G. Boulton, beltman; D. Thompson, O. Riun, G. Riddington, and E. W. Whitehead), 94 points, 1; Bondi (P. Johnston, patient; C. Seabrook, beltman; T. Meagher, W. Marrott, R. Stevens, and C. Douglass) 90.68 points, 2; Austinmer (M. Marden, V. Cox, G. Ross, A. Tuck, J. Parkes, and J. Howard, 87.49 points, 3.
Newcastle also competed.
Senior Alarm Reel - Collaroy (R. Chequer, belt, N. W. Abbott, A. McDonald, J. Allen, W. Martin), 1; Bondi (T. W. Meagher, belt, P. Johnston, H. Fletcher, C. Emanuel, R. Stevens), 2; Cooks Hill (C. C. Ward, belt, C. Bevage, A. Cook, .D Bratten, W. Fitzgerald), 3.
North Wollongong also competed.
Junior Alarm Reel - Freshwater (N. Walpole, belt, E. Booth, J. Farrington, A. McPhee, R. Raymond), 1; North Bondi (A. Laidlaw, belt, J. Cranney, J. Skinner, A. Wootten, H. May); 2, Stockton (A. Hunt, belt) 3. Thirroul also competed.
Senior Surf Race - E. Henry (Manly), 1; A. M. Morton (Manly), 2; R. Mallinson (North Bondi), 3.
Junior Surf Race- A. Laidlaw (North Bondi), 1; R. Atkins (North Narrabeen), 2; S. Greenland (Cook's
Hill), 3.
Surf Relay - North Narrabeen (T. Gallucher, J. Black, T. King, and W. Grose), 1; North Bondi (N. Bennett, J. Lapthorne, R. Mallinson, and A. Quinlan), 2; Cook's Hill (D. Bratten, J. Cook, D. McInnes, C. Bell, 3.
Senior Surf Lifeboat Race - North Steyne (H. C. Evans, S. G. Kelly, P. S. Maslin, F. Bridges, and G. Moat), 1; Manly (S. C. Dowling, R. Louden, L. Andrew, J. Gandy, and E. Clare), 2; Cronulla (R. Michaels, J. Morris, W. Pooley, P. Nash, and B. Rattray), 3.
Junior Surf Lifeboat Race - Queenscliff (A. Apps, A. Marshall, E. Davies, J. McBride, and P. Charles) 1; North Steyne (H. Morgan, M. Williams, N. McEwan, J. Carter, and J. Mcintosh), 2.

Parade and March Past - Coogee, 1; North Stevne and Bronte, dead heat,  2; Cook's Hill, 3.
Other competitors Newcastle, Maroubra, Newport, North Steyne, Dee-why, Queenscliff, Freshwater, North Bondi, Cronulla, North Cronulla, Manly, Clovelly, Collaroy, Curl Curl, and North Narrabeen.
100 yards Beach Sprint - J. Hesgney (Freshwater), 1; Mellor (Collaroy), 2; J. Heron (Queencliff), 3.
440 yards Relay - Manly (H. W. Hattersley, R. Louden, E. Andrew, and M. C. Crakanthorp), 1; North Steyne (S. Peterson, R. Cann, N. Walters, and B. Bland), 2.

Surf Race.- D. Thompson (North Steyne), 1; W. Proudfoot (North Narrabeen), 2; W. Goss (North
Narrabeen), 3.
Junior Surf Race - B. Williams (Bondi), 1; G. Ryan (North Steyne),  2; D. Chalmers (Manly), 3.
Surf Board Display - C. J. McAlister (Manly), 1; R. H. Ellison (North Steyne), 2.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Thursday 24 March 1927, page 15.


The programme has been prepared for the llfe-savlng display and beach sports at Manly on Saturday that have been arranged in honour of the Royal visit.

Eighteen clubs are expected to take part in the grand parade and march past.
Seven teams have entered for the rescue and resuscitation display, while eight crews will compete in surf boat races.
For the surf race the entrants (one from each of 18 clubs) include K. Henry, W, Proudfoot, J. McNally, A. Rennix, and D. W. Thompson.
There is nish a surf relay race on the programme, and a surf board display.
The beach events include a flag relay race andd musical flags race.
The carnival concludes with a "grand surf plunge" by over 100 competitors.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Tuesday 3 January 1928, page 9.

Boats Disabled.

Heavy seas, the aftermath of Sunday afternoon's southerly gale, made the surf exceedingly tronchoroun for the surf boat races at the Newport surf carnival yesterday afternoon.
A number of the competing boats were swamped, and several competitors received slight Injuries.
A deep, wide channel existed along the beach, and huge waves bumped heavily on the sandbank on the seaward side of the channel.
Many of the swimmers had hard tussles against the breakers, and in the rescue event some of the beltmen experienced difficulty in reaching their "patients."
The heavy sea was a fine test for the competitors, who displayed remarkable endurance.


The real thrills of the carnival were provided by the surf boat race.
The event was decided in two heats and a final, and each content was marked by exciting incidents. Crews from the Manly, Dee Why, North Steyne and North Narrabeen Clubs competed in the first heat, and the four boats were buffeted by the big seas from the moment they touched the water.
The North Steyne boat, in charge of H. C.. Evans, was struck by a huge wave and the captain had difficulty in retaining hold of the "sweep."
Soon after leaving the beach the Dee Why boat was swamped, and one of the crew, G. Opperman, vlce-captain of the club, received a slight injury.
Either the boat, or one of the oars, hit him, and he had to be brought ashore and treated by other competitors.
The Manly boat, the Sawfish, was first round the buoy, and when "shooting" towards the beach on a breaker the captain, R. Ford, was thrown out of the boat, but with some difficulty was able to get aboard again.

In the second heat, Collaroy, Newport, and Freshwater were the competitors.
Freshwater got away nicely, but the Collaroy and Newport boats were soon in trouble.
Both the craft became waterlogged and were brought back to the beach.
The water was emptied out of the boats, which then resumed the race.
The Collaroy boat was well handled by the captain, W. Forbes, and although the captain of the Newport boat, Gordon Robertson, made a great effort to get through the seas, the craft was again swamped, and had to be towed ashore with a line.


In the final of the event the "Sawfish" had matters all its own way.
There were four competitors- Manly, Freshwater, Collaroy, and North Steyne.
First the Freshwater boat was swamped, and a moment later the Collaroy boat filled with water.
Both the latter boats returned to the beach, and the Collaroy crew, having broken an oar, retired from the race.
While crossing the bank beyond the channel the North Steyne boat, in attempting to "ride" a huge wave, turned over with the crew beneath it.
The members of the team extriated themselves and brought their boat ashore.
Just as the "Sawfish" had finished the race, the North Steyne boat was Iaunched again, and rowed the course.
In the meantime the Freshwater boat had made a second attempt to get out, but again returned to the beach.
While excitement was running high, and the crews were working at high pressure to get their boats away, a competitor gave a fine display of surf-board shooting, standing on the board, and also standing on his head on the board while it rode the breakers to the beach.


In the first heat of the alarm reel race, Newport's beltman, R. Rolfe, had a thrilling experience.
The lines of the other competing teams got tangled round his body and dragged him under the water.
He was brought ashore, suffering the effects of the immersion, but soon recovered.
Several other minor mishaps happened during the afternooh, but none of them was of a serious nature.


A strong surf which was running on Manly Beach yesterday morning increased the responsibilities of the life-savers.
A number of podple got into difficulties.
Between 11 and 12 o'clock 10 surfers had to be brought to safety, but owing to the vigilance of the surf club officials, none got very far beyond the danger line.
The rescues of two persons who had been carried out a considerable distance, which were effected by life-saver L. Mcintosh by means of a surf board, were regarded as being smart and skilful.
The second rescue was particularly difficult and the life-saver received a great ovation when he returned to the beach.
On other beaches several people had to be assisted.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Tuesday 3 January 1928, page 10.

Newport Carnival.

North Narrabeen Surf Life Saving Club, which has had a wonderful series of successes during the present season, added to its victories at the Newport Club's carnival yesterday.
The North Narrabeen Club won the march past, was first In the alarm reel race, and tied with Freshwater for second place in the rescue event.

About 2000 people witnessed the carnival, and the gate amounted to between £60 and £70.
The surf was difficult for swimming, and some fine achievements were recorded.
The surf boats experienced a particularly thrilling time, and the event - for senior crews - was won by the Manly Club with the "Sawfish."
The success carried with it the Harrington Cup (donated by Mr. John Harrington), the Manly Club wresting it from North Steyne, which won it last year.
The cup will remain the property of the club winning it twice In succession or three times in all.

The prlncipal events resulted:
March Past.- North Narrabeen, 1; North Steyne, 2; Freshwater, 3.
Life-saving Rescue Event.- North Steyne (C. 0. Turner, patient; C. Riddlngton, belt), 62.21 points, 1; Freshwarter (A. J. Greville, patient; S. McDonald, belt) and North Narrabeen (J. Cameron, patient; W. Proudfoot, belt), 61.81 points each, dead-beat, 2; Manlv (A. Houston, patient; P. W. Ryan, belt), 58.19 points, 4.
Alarm Reel Race- North Narrabeen (W. Proudfoot, belt), 1; Manlv (H. Newman, belt), 2; Collaroy A (A. Evans, belt), 3.
Harrington Cup Senior Surf Boat Race- Manly (R. Ford, captain, R. Loudon, E. Andrew, E. Clare, and A. Clark), 1; North Steyne (H. C. Evans, captain, F. Bridges, S. O. Kelly, G. Moat, P. S. Maxlin), 2.
Open Surf Race.- O. Ryan (Manlv), 1; G. Boltton (North Steyne), 2; W. Grose (North Narrabeen), 3.
Surfboard Display.- McAllster (Manly), 1.
Beach Flag Relay Race- North Narrabeen (J. Bell, W. Pillon, S. Blanche, Thorn), 1; Manly (R. Loudon, E. Andrew, Nettheim, Gorfin), 2; Dee Why A (M. Flannery, F. Hill, E. Budroden, A. Jones), 3.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Friday 27 December 1929, page 7.

Competitors Face Big Seas.

A heavy surf caused quite a lot of excitement for participators and spectators at the Collaroy Surf Life-Saving Club's annual carnival yesterday.
There was a particularly large holiday crowd on the beach, the majority of whom as soon as the carnival opened crowded into the enclosure, in which seating accommodation had been provided. The general arrangements might well serve as an example to other clubs.
Heavy rain set in about 3 o'clock, but so engrossed was the gathering in watching the exciting events in the water that few left before the excellent programme was concluded.

There were 11 entries for the march past, the competing teams being Collaroy, Queenscliffe, Bondi,
South Curl Curl, North Curl Curl, North Narrabeen, Deewhy, Freshwater, Manly, North Steyne, and North Bondi, whose display earned well-deserved plaudits.

The results were :
Surf Life saving Rescue.- Manly (K. W. Watson,   G. A. Ryan, P. W. Ryan, B. W. Newman, J. L. King, F. L. Davies, and F. P. Brewer), 1; North Narrabeen, 2.
Grand Parade.- Bondi, 1; Queenscliffe, 2; Collaroy, 3.
Junior Surf Race.- N. V. Spargo (Collaroy), 1; J. Craigie (North Bondi), 2; L. Simpson (Freshwater), 3.
Senior Surf Belt Race.- Bondi (T. Meagher, belt; A. Besomo, J. Woods, C. Douglass, R. Stephens), 1 ; North Narrabeen (W. Proudfoot, belt), 2.
Senior Boat Race.- North Steyne B (R. Light, sweep; J. Robertson, N. Arnold, W. Jeffries, R. Carlton, K. Wilkinson, E. Crosland), 1; Manly, 2.
Open Surf Race.- P. W. Ryan (Manly), 1; K. Watson (Manly), 2.
Wheelbarrow Race.- North Steyne (R. Conn and  A. O'Connor).
Junior Surf Belt Race.- Deewhy (A. Henley, belt; A. Miles, E. Crockett, S. Badgery, J. Martin), 1; Manly, 2.
Beach Flag Relay Race.- North Narrabeen, 1; Freshwater, 2.
Surfboard Display.- C. J. McAlister (Manly).
Novice Surf Race.- E. Ford (Manly).

The Brisbane Courier
Monday 30 December 1929, page ?


COOLANGATTA. December 29
Several thousand spectators lined the Greenmount Beach and the surrounding hills this afternoon to witness the surf carnival conducted by the Tweed Heads and Coolangatta Surf Life Saving Club.
The Tweed Heads Boys' Band rendered an enjoyable musical programme.
A strong southerly made conditions somewhat unpleasant, but had the effect of blowing up an excellent surf, which added interest to the events.
The Mowbray Park swimmers were in good form, and annexed both the senior and Junior belt races against strong opposition.
J. Cran, the young Surfers' Paradise swimmer, scored a spectacular win in the open handicap surf race after a 50 yards shoot on a friendly breaker.
The swimming of the Junior competitors was a feature of the carnival.

BEACH. RELAY RACE.- Tweed Heads and Coolangatta (A. Wilks, R. Noonan, W. Hayles, R. Ajax), 1; Tweed Heads and Coolangatta No. 2 team (C. Philp, R. Smith. B. McMahon, J. Graham), 2; Mowbray Park (W. Chadwick, D. Copland, L. Richards, J. Corstorphan), 3.
DUCK DIVING DISPLAY. - A. - Wills (Tweed Heads and Coolangatta). .
SENIOR BELT RACE. - D. Nash (Mowbray Park), 1; R. Noonan (Tweed Heads and Coolangatta), 2; A, Wilks (Tweed Heads and Coolangatta), 3.
Nash registered a remarkably line swim from the No.1 position in this event, and won comfortably from Noonan in the 200 yard swim to the buoys.
JUNIOR BELT RACE. - B. Stafford (Mowbray Park), 1; B. McMahon (Tweed Heads and Coolangatta), 2; A. Petherick (Tweed Heads and Coolangatta), 3.
Stafford considerably enhanced his position as the leading junior beltman of the Point Danger Surf Association in this event, his display being one of the best seen this season.
He headed McMahon by a substantial margin.
Petherick, a promising young swimmer, had the misfortune to break his belt strap before leaving the beach, and finished a good third after losing nearly 30 yards.
HANDICAP SURF RACE. - J. Crail (Surfers' Paradise), 4sec, 1; W. Daley (Mowbray Park), sec 2; C. Bourne (Tweed Heads and Coolangatta), «sec., 3.
From an even start the 10 swimmers kept together, and rounded the buoys in a bunch, with R. Ajax slightly in the lead.
After leaving the buoys a number of big rollers swept over the swimmers, but none of the lads was able to take the shoot.
Sixty yards from the beach, however, Cran got on to a beautiful breaker, and riding it skilfully was carried over a distance of 50 yards.
Daley caught the following breaker, in company with Bourne, and an exciting race for second place appeared probable, but Bourne was unable to hold the breaker to the beach.
DUKE SURF BOARD RACE.-J. Graham (Tweed Heads and Coolangatta). Englert and Wilks, the other competitors gave a creditable display of shooting the breakers.

Western Mail (Perth)
Thursday 20 March 1930, page 24.


One of the most popular surfers at Manly is a dog named Yarran, who loves the front position on a surf-board when the combers are big.
He is not averse to a fight with any dog that disobeys the local council's edict that dogs must not be taken on to the beach.
He is the only dog exempted from that order; the surf club men saw to that.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Tuesday 25 February 1930, page 5.


The Palm Beach Surf Club is one of the few, if not the only one, which has women on its committee.
It has three women as vice-presidents- Lady Maitland, Mrs. Alrema Samuels, and Mrs. T. Peters.
Mrs. Samuels has. been a particularly active worker for the club.
Besides raising some hundreds of pounds since she has been a member, she has performed many odd tasks which have been of great service.
As a recognition of this her fellow members paid a public tribute to her at their meeting on Saturday night.
Mrs Samuels is a champion on the surfboard, and the gift that she received was a model surfboard in polished Australian hard wood inscribed with the crest of the club and a plate expressing greetings from the club.
The presentation was made by the president, Mr. C. P. Curlewis.
The captain, Mr. Pete Hunter, expressed to Mrs Samuels the gratitude of members, and spoke of the great services she had rendered.
Western Mail (Perth)

Thursday 20 March 1930, Supplement:  page 3.

a page for women and perhaps MEN.

Image 1.
Miss Elaine de Chair and her brother, Lieutenant Graham de Chair, became quite expert at surf-board riding during a recent holiday at Palm Beach, near Sydney.
They are the son and daughter of the Governor of New South Wales.

Graham de Chair was a son of Admiral Sir Dudley Rawson Stratford de Chair, who served as the Governor of New South Wales from 1923 to 1930.
Graham visited his parents in Australia in 1927 and returned in 1929 to take up the post of A.D.C. (Aide-de-Camp) to the governor, his father.

Western Mail (Perth)
Tuesday 15 April 1930, page 20.


Two big surfboards of the type used at Sydney beaches were seen at Scarborough last week end. The boards are eight feet long and weigh over 50lb.
Lieut. B. R. McKissock, the Defence Department's physical training specialist, is on the left and Mr. E. Armstrong, the racing motorist, is on the right.

The Brisbane Courier
Saturday 19 November 1932, page 7.


At a meeting of representatives of the Royal Life Saving Society and the Surf life Saving Association of Australia last night the following programme for the joint carnival to be held at Southport on December 18 was drawn up: Competitive march past (ladies and men), competition in the new method of the Royal Lile Saving Society (ladies), combined display rescue and resuscitation surf work, surf boat race, surf board display and charlot race (beach event).
It was decided that the closing date for entries to be received by the secretary (Mr. F. 0. Vennlng) would be December 10, at noon.
Mr. W. J. Devonport was appointed carnival secretary.

The Brisbane Courier
Tuesday 22 November 1932, page 6.

Big Tugun Entry.

The growing popularity of surf racing was demonstrated at the Tugun carnival on Sunday, when 38 men faced the starter in the senior open surf handicap, the largest field for some years past.
The starters included Reg. Grier, who was making his initial appearance  in surf swimming, but the task of finishing in a placed position from the scratch mark proved too formidable.
Arty Gilbert was on 3sec. in this event, and Bill Daley cn esec, both being unplaced.
Canham, off 44sec, won by a second from Bill Trew (Tweed), who had a start of 26sec., after Trew had brilliantly advanced from the back line of swimmers on the crest of a breaker.
In the junior surf event half an hour earlier Trew had thrilled the crowd with a great display of surf shooting coming right from the back on a fast-travelling breaker.
His effort was similar to the shoot which won him the title of junior surf champion in 1930.
He is undoubtedly an adept on the crest of a breaker.
"Cracker" Nash (31sec ), Barney McMahon (18sec.), and "Blue" Vaughan (36sec.) practically dead heated for third place.
The absence of Tom Boast robbed this event of some of its interest.


In the junior surf race 13 lads started, the limit being 30sec.
Until Trew secured the shoot which won him the event the back markers were staging a great race, with Dan O'Connor, Joe Donlger, and Kev. Conaghan out in front.
O'Connor (1sec.) finished 18sec. after Trew, with Joe Donlger (5sec.) only 2sec. behind.
Costello, the coloured lad from Currumbin, started off 20sec. in this event, and made a good showing as far as the buoys, when he fell away, being obviously out of form.
He has the cut of a lad worth watching.
The other Currumbin lads, McLoughlln and Mitchell, finished well back.


The senior belt race attracted 16 starters and produced some fine belt swimming, the Point Danger champion, Tom Boast, displaying form equal to that of last season.
Bill Daley showed greatly improved form.
In the four heats fastest times were clocked by Tom Boast (1.40), Bill Daley (1.42), Jack Ajax (1.46), and Jack Winders (1.47), the last named showing surprisingly good form in the belt as
compared with last season.
Ajax and Winders, who were second in the fourth and second heats respectively, clocked better times than the winners of the first and third heats, G. Palmer (1.55) and J. Palmer (1.55).
Eric Lane, who has not yet started training, registered 1.58, Keith Forster 1.50, K. Middleton 1.57, J. Lewis, the City Pastime swimmer, 1.58, Reg. Austin 1.59, "Cracker" Nash 2.0, Arty Gilbert 2.2, "Mickey" Jackman 2.4, R. Stewart 2.6, and Tom Purtell 2.8.
In the final the tide had fallen considerably, thus providing an easier wade, and Tom Boast clocked the fine time of 1.34, with Bill Daley second in 1.37.
G. Palmer, the hefty young Cudgen swimmer, had the misfortune to miss the jump into the belt at the start.
This lost him several seconds, and his time (1.46) must be considered a fine effort under the circumstances.
He is in great form this season, and will be heard of in the big events later on.
His namesake, J. Palmer, who is one of the biggest beltmen in the branch, has the failing of being unable to negotiate the wade from the beach to swimming depth in anything like the time it should be done in, and he is unlikely to win any of the big races until he has mastered the art of wading effectively.
He clocked 1.50 in the final.
Surf fans are looking forward to the City of Brisbane opening at Palm Beach on Sunday next to produce some exciting contests.


Although the committee in charge of the big Southport carnival, to be held on December 18, has not provided for any individual surf events, the public will be afforded the opportunity of seeing all the leading surf swimmers in action in the R. and R. event.
All patients will start off the same mark, and the whole of the beltmen will leave the beach together after the last patient arrives at the buoys.
With 10 or a dozen teams competing this should provide a great spectacle.
An open surf race, with possibly 50 or 60 starters, would be a decided acquisition to the programme, and if good surf is running this should be seriously considered as a post entry event on the day of the carnival.
The surf board display could quite easily be run simultaneously with a beach event to save time and make room for an open surf race.


The North Coast lads gave the public a display of actual rescue work during the official opening of the season at Maroochydore, when one of the Coolum team got into difficulties in heavy surf in the one surf event conducted.
Coolum men secured first and third places with R. English and S. Brown respectively, F. Walden, of the Alexandra Headland Club, running into second place.
This should give the re-formed Coolum Club a great boost.
Mooloolaba did not figure in any of the events.


Keen interest is being evinced in the competition between the Neptune Ladies and City of Brisbane Ladies, set down for decision at Palm Beach next Sunday, the Neptune ladies having seemed two march past wins over their opponents during the past three weeks.
The Neptune girls are confident of repeating their successes next Sunday, but there is little to choose between the two teams.
At the Kirra opening the City of Brisbane team lost 1 points through the tendency of the belt woman to lean forward too far, both during the march and while the team was standing at attention, and if this patent fault is remedied (an easy matter) Clty of Brisbane should have a good chance of securing the judge's decision.
Four teams of ladies will demonstrate the new methods of the Royal Life Saving Society at the Governor's carnival at Southport.
The Sydney Morning Herald

Saturday 3 December 1932, page 14.

Through Sutherland.

Every incident of the tour made by the Governor and Lady Game yesterday through Sutherland Shire seemed to give them pleasure, but their meetings with the school children were delightful.
It was a great day, for example, at Caringbah's small wayside school, when the young pupils were invited to wait on the road for the Vice-Regal party.
Then, when the King's representative and Lady Game left their car and walked among them, shy little girls kept their chins hard against their chests, and tiny boys answered friendly questions by just rubbing dirty fists behind their backs.
(They ought to be dirty, Sir Philip assured them, if they were really to enjoy the holiday they were to have.)

"What do you think about having a holiday?" he inquired.
"Yes!" they shouted.
"And what will you do with it?"
"Go to Miranda for the fair!"
So Sir Phillip let them.

At Sutherland, however, the answer was different.
After several hundred children had sung "God Save the King," the Governor asked them: "If I give you a half-holiday, what are you going to do?"
"Go for a swim!" they chorused cheerfully.
"Not cricket? Aren't there any Don Bradmans among you?"
"Yes, yes!" they roared with splendid confidence.
"Well," said his Excellency, "cricket is a game at which you learn to be fair.
You mustn't criticise Don Bradman because he can't make a hundred every time he goes in.
That's not fair; we all have our off days."

At Cronulla, too, there was a half-holiday for the children.
Lady Game, at Cronulla and Caringbah, showed her interest in the Girl Guides, inquiring after the progress of the local troops.

The Governor was accompanied by the Shire President, Councillor E. S. Shaw, the Deputy President, Councillor R. Bingham, Councillor C. O. J. Monro, M.L.A., and other councillors.
The party made a short stay at the Woronora River.
During the halt at Cronulla, surf girls in blue and white paraded on the lawn, surf-boat and surf-board displays were given, and the Governor inspected the dressing sheds (kept spick and span by an ex-Navy man), and was offered the amenities of a special dressing-room with private entrance.


On the way to Yowie Bay, by launch, a stop was made for lunch at the Deer Park.
Neither the deer (which now number several hundreds) nor the emu, which is an occasional visitor, came down to look for scraps.
A picnic lunch was taken under a canvas sun shelter.
Sir Philip Game admired the bright foliage of the trees which shade the beautiful grassy point.
In the approved Australian style water for tea was boiled in a bush fireplace.

To many friendly handwaves from along the shore the party went on to Yowie Bay, and thence to Miranda.
The little township was en fete, with flags across the road, eager sightseers, and guards of honour of Girl Guides and Boy Scouts.
Here Sir Philip inspected a guard of returned soldiers living
in the shire.

Councillor E. S. Shaw and the Rev. A. W. Setchell welcomed his Excellency, who opened the "Olde Englishe Fayre" organised to assist St. Luke's Church.
In apologising for the absence of Lady Game (whom another engagement had obliged to turn back at Cronulla), Sir Philip observed that, with the great number of their engagements, "it is becoming increasingly difficult for us to hunt in couples.
By the time we leave New South Wales," he added, "I will hardly know her by sight.
But on the way home I shall ask the captain of the ship to introduce us, and during the voyage acquaintance may ripen into friendship."

Describing the progress of the shire, the President said that its revenue had increased from £1000 a year (when the rate was /1 in the £) to £130,000.

At Miranda, again, children made the scene beautiful.
A bevy of little maidens in old- time bonnets and frilled frocks might have stepped out of the pictures of Kate Greenaway.

The Argus (Melbourne)
Saturday 28 October 1933, page 7.


Adopted by the Los Angeles County Lifeguards, these boards, shaped like ordinary heavy
surfboards, are very light, constructed like an aeroplane wing, and can be propelled over the water at a high rate of speed.
They have proved highly successful for life-saving use, as with them any number of men can be rushed out to where needed in a fraction of the time taken to swim or go by boat.
Each board will carry two people with ease.

The Courier-Mail
Friday 17 November 1933, page 25.


At a meeting of the executive of the Point Danger Branch Surf Life Saving Association a tentative programme for the Governor's surf carnival, to be held on a Coolangatta beach on January 7, was adapted, as follows:- Competitive march past, including ladies' and New South Wales' teams; display of work; rescue and resuscitation display by 13 combined teams; surf boat race; canoe race; senior and junior surf races; chariot race; surf board display, and athletic display.
Mr. M. J. Kirwan, president of the Queensland State centre, was appointed patron, Mr. S. W. Winders, president of the Point Danger branch, president, and Mr. P. U. Stephens, organising secretary.
Programmes were drawn up for the Point Danger championships at Southport on December 10 and at Cudgen Headland on December 17.
The case for submission to Sydney headquarters, about representation of the clubs on the State centre, was submitted by the president (Mr. Winders), and endorsed by the executive.

The Courier-Mail (Brisbane)
Monday 1 January 1934, page 13.


COOLANGATTA, December 31.
At a meeting of the committee of management arrangements were completed for the Governor's surf carnival, which will be held at Coolangatta on Sunday next.
At least 11 teams of men and two of women will take part in the march past and other carnival events, including two teams from New South Wales, and a number of individual competitors from that
State also.

The whole of the surf clubs associated with the movement will form a guard of honour for the vice-regal party, and will engage in a spectacular march past and a combined surf rescue event. Lady life-savers will give a display of the methods of the Royal Life Saving Society.

Large entries have been received for the senior and junior surf races, the entrants including the State champions and leading New South Wales surf swimmers.
Other interesting events will be a surf boat race, canoe race, surf board display, and a chariot race.
If big surf is running the big "Duke" surf board experts are expected to give a thrilling display, efficiency in this branch of surfing having advanced rapidly during the past season or two.

The Coolangatta Town Council proposes temporarily to close sections of the main Marine Parade, and to charge motorists admission to this section to view the carnival events.
In compliance with the expressed wish of the Governor (Sir Leslie Wilson) a special appeal for funds for the life-saving institutions will be made by means of a card system.

The Courier-Mail (Brisbane)
Thursday 4 January 1934, page 6.


The entries, in the aggregate, for the various events at the "Governor's day" carnival at Coolangatta on Sunday are the largest ever received for a life saving carnival in Queensland.
Besides the two ladles' clubs (the Neptune and the City of Brisbane), 11 male clubs will take part in the march past.
The Byron Bay and the Cudgee Headlands clubs, New South Wales, are sending teams.
The programme, with the number of entries in each event, is: Rescue and resuscitation display, eight entries; canoe race, four entries; boat race, four entries; 100 yards beach sprint, 23 entries; senior surf race, 45 entries; Junior surf race, 25 entries; surf board display, seven entries.
There also are two novelty events.
Sir Leslie Wilson will be accorded a reception by the Mayor of Coolangatta (Alderman S. W. Winders) and by Mr. M. J. Kirwan (president of the Surf Life Saving Association of Queensland, and the Royal Life Saving Society, Queensland head centre).
The Governor will present the trophies won at the carnival.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Wednesday 18 July 1934, page 18.

Portion for Mitchell Library.

The Mitchell Libraiy trustees recently purchased at auction in London a portion of the log of the Surry, which, in command of Captain Tom Raine, was a famous vessel that traded to Sydney 120 years ago.

Captain Raine was a dashing and daring seaman.
He first arrived at Port Jackson in 1814.
Typhus broke out on the Surry, and Tom Raine, then only 20 years of age, was the only officer left to navigate the ship.
Raine was not allowed to bury the first officer, the doctor, and another member of the crew in any cemetery, but Mr. James Milson gave him permission to bury the dead at Milson's Point.
The gravestones were afterwards taken up and turned into hearthstones.
They were recovered some time ago when houses were demolished for the Harbour Bridge approach, and are now in the Royal Historical Society's Museum.

The real log of the Surry, with other valuable documents is still in possession of the Raine family, of Sydney.
One of these papers is a memorial to Viscount Goodrich for presentation to the King, in which many of Captain Thomas Raine's great exploits and enterprises are set forth with modesty that commends his worth.
It bears the signatures of many of the best-known residents of the colony in the early days.

This log of the Surry, in possession of the Raine family, shows how Captain Raine fitted out the ship for whaling in 1820, and got among the sea elephants and seals at Macquarie Island.
Captain Raine also visited Pitcairn Island in 1821, and, in the Surry log, written up by Dr. Ramsay (another South Sea explorer), is the first description of surf- boards.
Captain Raine gives a vivid word picture of his visit to the descendants of the Bounty mutineers.

The Australian Women's Weekly
Saturday 25 August 1934, page 30.

Palm Beach Pioneer.

Jack Ralston and his bride, Nora McAuliffe, after the wedding will go to Honolulu, and doubtless Jack will revel in the long, rolling breakers there.
When Jack was only a lad he used to be often seen speeding over the breakers on his surfboard at Palm Beach.
The late Mr. J. T. Ralston, his father, was one of the pioneers of Palm Beach, and in the garden around the shack he planted every sort of tropical fruit.
He called the place by the longest of Kipling's words, Warragaborrogarooma.

When holidays came, young Jack Ralston travelled to Palm Beach by road and river, and then walked over the hill from Pittwater to the Bay, as that was the only way to go then.
The present owner of the garden which Jack's father planted is very proud of the large custard apples that grow so well in that sheltered corner of Palm Beach.

Camperdown Chronicle (Victoria)
Thursday 6 September 1934, page 6.
Movie Stars.

Many new things are started by motion pictures - fads, styles and building designs- but it remained for Johnny Weissmuller to set a new model in physique for men.
This former swimming champion, who has scored many film successes, was declared by health experts to have the finest proportioned body of any man living.
No wonder Johnny Weismuller is at ease while playing "Tarzan."
He has been through experiences himself that would startle even the vivid imagination of Edgar Rice Burroughs, creator of the glamorous jungle man.
The swimming giant, who now towers six feet three in his stocking feet, started his career as a sickly youngster paddling about in mud holes of the Chicago River.
Orders of a physician kept him in the water as part of a strict health programme.
The day he was pronounced well and allowed to swim alone in Lake Michigan was one that the residents of Chicago were soon to thank Providence for keeping the lauky Weissmuller kid in the water.
One afternoon while training for a long marathon behind the boat rowed by his brother Pete, he was forced to alter his pace by the rolling wake from "The Favourite," an excursion ship loaded to the water line.
A brisk squal blew up some rough water.
The excursion boat careened at a dangerous angle a few hundred yards away; suddenly lurched over. . and sank.


Fighting clear of the many who clutched at him, Johnny dove for the submerged boat.
He pulled several victims from below decks and brought them to the surface.
Rescue boats were coming from all directions.
Johnny dove again to release more unfortunates from the death trap.
Before dark, he helped to bring over forty bodies to the surface.
The Mayor of Chicago presented the swimmer with a certificate for bravery.
William Bachrach, of the Illinois Athletic Club, coached every move Johnny made in the water until he finally developed the perfect "American Crawl" stroke which was used to break seventy-five world's records.
Just before an exhxibition meet in New York City, Weissmuller decided to try out the new Madison Square Garden swimming pool, one of the finest in the world.
He tried all of the diving boards which was a violation of Bachrach's strict training rules.
As one last thrill before starting swimming practice, he climbed up in the girders of the roof, more than fifty feet in the air.
The dive wrenched all of the ligaments in his shoulder and he was nearly drowned in the pool before someone noticed then he could not move hi s arms.
This cured Johnny of high diving during his preparations for swimming contests.
But on a trip to the Hawaiian Islands for more speed trials, he became interested in surfboard riding. He soon became expert at the sport and liked to ride toward tin beach at express train speed when his coach wasn't looking.
Finally, one big wave dropped him with a crash on a boulder and dislocated his hip.
He was carried ashore by Duke Kahanamoku, famous island swimmer.
A strong beach boy came running up, saying that he knew whato do.
He suddenly kicked Johnny on one side of his hip, which caused it to snap back, into place, and the whole group went in swimming again.
When Bachrach heard what had happened, he nearly had prostration, but Weissmuller did not suffer any ill effects.


On one of his first trips to Florida, Johnny tried out all or the bathing beaches along Biscayne Bay. The blue water looked so tempting that the champion swam out several hundred yards before he heard wild yells from the shore.
He turned to see beach attendants gesticulating and pointing at the water.
A "school" of dreaded barracuda, "hyenas of the ocean," were headed directly for him.
All Florida swimming records in water were shattered in Weismuller getting to shore!


Of all his experiences, Weissmuller laughs the most over his encoimcer with a water polo player daring the Olympic Games in 1924.
Johnny swam out to be the first to get the ball when each play started.
But suddenly he was met by a huge swimmer who swung his body in such a manner that Weissmuller could not get around him.
When the game was about half over, Johnny discovered that he was playing with a one-legged man! In Vienna, Austria, before a swimming meet, Weissmuller had to cross a bridge over the Danube river. The man aheal of him jumped over the railing into the water.
The champion threw off his coat and prepared to go after the suicide.
Three policemen grabbed Johnny and kept him from diving into the river.
When they had pulled him from the rail one officer explained in broken English that three or four people a day jumped from the bridge, but most of them did not drown.
He pointed to the water below where Weissmullep could see the "suicide" floating along with air in his clothing keeping him up, while a I rescue boat approched.
During his eight years of championship swimming Weismuller covered nearly 5,000 miles in the. water.
He put on exhibitions in more than 2,000 different swimming pools.
From his first dips in the Chicago River and Lake Michigan he went to the Atlantic Ocean, then to the Pacific the Hawaiian Islands; the Gulf of Mexico; in Florida, Biscayne Bay; Lake Washington, near Seattle, Wash.; back to Lake Superior, the St. Lawrence River, Canadian Lakes, then to Europe.
On the Continent, he swum in the English Channel, the Seine River, Rhine, the Danube and the Mediterranean Sea.
Later on a trip across the Pacific he swam in rivers and lakes of Japan.


In addition to the forty people he pulled from the "Favourite" excursion boat wreck, Weissmuller has saved dozens from drowning at beaches.
He has also assisted his brother, Pete Weissmuller, now a Lake Michigan life guard, who has rescued over SOD people in the last five years.
When studio officials first saw a screen test of Weismuller before the filming of "Tarzan, the Ape Man," adventure film that preceded "Tarzan and His Mate," his latest picture for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, they asked him if he thought he could play the jungle hero.
Johnny replied: "I don't believe I had enough experience!"

The Argus (Melbourne)
Wednesday 19 December 1934, page 8.

School Children's Enthusiasm

WELLINGTON (N.Z.), Tuesday.
- A remarkable demonstration of enthusiasm by young New Zealanders was given when 10,000 school children assembled in Newtown Park to-day, lustily acclaiming the Duke of Gloucester, who was making his first extempore speech in New Zealand.
He wished them a happy Christmas, and expressed the hope that in the recent examinations they had defeated the examiners.
The Duke spoke to several invalid children.

His Royal Highness proved that he is expert with a surfboard when he spent half-an-hour in the breakers at Lyall Bay this afternoon.
He left by train at mid-night on a visit to country districts.


The Sydney Morning Herald
Saturday 2 February 1935, page 10.

(Before Mr. Justice Davidson.)

By consent,  decree was made in the originating summonses in which Surfoplanes, Ltd., of Pitt-street, Sydney, were the applicants and Frank Ainsworth, of Collaroy, agent, and H. Morrow, of Deewhy, agent, respectively, were the defendants.

The decree provides that the respective defendants, their servants or agents, be restrained from infringing the plaintiff's registered trade mark, "Surfoplane," in respect of inflated rubber floats for swimming, surf bathing, and surf shooting, and from passing off goods, not those of the plaintiff, as, and for, the goods of the plaintiff; also restraining the defendants from selling or hiring out to the public, or from offering for sale or for hire to the public, or from in any way dealing in rubber floats, under the plaintiff's trade name, or any other name colourably resembling the word "Surfoplane."
Mr. T. T. Henery (instructed by Messrs. Cleary and Callachor) appeared for the applicants.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 4 February 1935, page 6.


The annual Newcastle surf carnival yesterday afternoon provided in the final of the 'Parnell' boat race one of the most exciting events ever staged at an Australian surf gala.
Bronte, Cook's Hill, Deewhy, and Freshwater won their way through the heats.
There was a forceful surf when the final began.
The Deewhy boat soon swamped.
The crew brought back the boat to the beach emptied it, and gallantly set off again but the issue was obviously amongst the other three competitors.

Bronte went to the front and had a good lead at the buoy.
The metropolitan boat led by 10 yards with the finish less than 20 yards distant.
The complexion of the race changed in a flash.
Bronte sheered on a big wave and ran on the rocks.
The crew sorted themselves out, uninjuied, and the boat was not damaged but the happening had allowed Cook's Hill and Freshwater to dead heat for first place.

A row off was ordered Cook's Hill and Freshwater kept together to the buoy.
Cook's Hill caught nice shoots and secured a 10 yards lead.
Then the Cook's Hill boat followed the precedent given by Bronte and with victory almost assured sheerd off on a big wave.
Freshwater went on to a well acclaimed win.
Asher Hart's double in the junior and open surf races and a heavy rainstorm which descended on spectators half way through the programme were other features of a carnival which had attracted many competitors from Sydney and the North Coast.
Messrs J. L.Preston and J. Palmer were the co-organisers.

Results -
Surfboard race: J. Stroud (North Bondi), 1; A. Sargent (Newcastle), 2; E. McMichael (Newcastle), 3.
Brace relay surf  race: J. Drinkwater and M. Sutton (Manly), 1; A. Hart and J. Cox (Bondi), 2; A. Penfold and J. Cannot (Coogee), 3.
Grand parade and march past: Bronte, 1; Newcastle, 2; Stockton, 3.
Beach Sprint: R. Collins (North Narrabeen), 1; J. Faulds (Caves Beach), 2.
Junior Surf Race: A. Hart (Bondi), 1; K.  Foster (Bronte), 2; N Garner (North Narrabeen), 3.
Wheelbarrow Race: N. Johnson and A. Hood (Maroubra), 1; F. Croft and R. McDonald (Caves Beach) 2.
Surfboard Exhibition: C. McAllister (Manly), 1; E McMichael (Newcastle), 2; G. Visher (Taree), 3.
Pillow Fight: A. Northam (Taree-Old Bar), 1; D. McFalane (South Curl Curl), 2.
Senior Belt Race: North Bondi (I. Wyatt, belt), 1; Coogee (J. Cox, belt), 2; Merewether (R. Anderson, belt), 3.
Musical Flags: H. Potts (Bronte), 1; R. Abel (Newcastle), 2; A. McKinnon (North Bondi), 3.
Beach Flag Relay Race: Newcastle, 1; Dixon Park, 2; Stockton, 3.
Surfo-plane Race: V White (The Entrance), 1; H. McCloskey (Newcastle), 2; C. Baker (Maroubra), 3.
Open Surf Race: A. Hart (Bondi), 1; J. Drinkwater (Manly), 2; I. Wyatt (North Bondi), 3.
Parnell Surf Boat Race: Freshwater, 1; Cook's Hill,  2.
Surf Boat Exhibition: Terrigal and Freshwater dead-heat, 1.

The Mercury (Hobart)
Monday 4 February 1935, page 6.

(From Our Special Correspondents)

Surfers for Overseas

So popular and picturesque is surfing, as it is carried out as a sport in New South Wales, and so enterprising and well organised are the surfing clubs with what is called the Life-Saving Association as its central and controlling authority, that an effort is being made to send a team ot men to Europe.
Sydney beaches in summer are our chief show places, and surf-boat manoeuvres, surf-board displays, and shooting the breakers are thrilling and fascinating to watch when the sea is in a violent mood.
And expert surfers, with superb physical developments and impressive garb, look so fine as to have earned the title "Sungods."
Visitors from abroad are as much impressed by their appearances as by their exploits.
Consequently it is believed that they would be a good advertisement for Australia if they gave exhibitions overseas, and incidentally would have a good and, perhaps, lucrative time for themselves.
A meeting is to be held to see what can be done.
The chief handicap seems to be that there are few beaches in Europe comparable with those of Sydney.
The surf is not so good, and beaches are more shingly than sandy.
Something is likely to come of the move.
Waikiki beach won fame for Honolulu years ago, but visitors tell us that nearly every surfing beach in New South Wales is better, and displays of our men are more impressive than those the people travel thousands of miles to see at Waikiki.

The Argus (Melbourne)
Thursday 31 December 1936, page 8.

By Handicraft
Surfboards for Summer
How to Make Your Own

Many of you will go to the beach for your holidays.
If you do, a surfboard will help you lo enjoy yourself thoroughly.
You can make one easily.

There are two types of surfboard- free surfboard and a towing surfboard, or, as it is often called, an aquaplane.
Even boys who do not swim well will find that a free surfboard is buoyant enough to carry them safely through breakers.
An aquaplane, however, should be handled only by experienced swimmers.

- The easiest way to construct a free surfboard is to buy a plank of  7/8in. dressed pine measuring 5ft. x 15in.
Shape the board according to the measurements given in Fig. 1, round off the edges, smooth all the surfaces, and give three coats of lacquer in ony colour you desire.
If you wish you can paint or stencil a design on the end of the board.
There is no need for battens.
If it is not possible to obtain a plank of the dimensions given a surfboard can be made from three pieces of 7/8in. x 5ft. x 6in. T. and G. flooring boards.
Make battens to fit across the back of the boards at three places, and fasten them into position with several brass screws (Fig. 2).
It is adtisable to use brass screws because they resist the action of salt water better than iron screws. 
The shape can then be cut out as shown in Fig. 2 and the board can be lacquered.

Carry the board out into the breakers as far as you wish by holding the board edge on.
When a huge wave comes, turn towards the shore and throw yourself with the board on to the crest of the wave.
You will be carried swiftly into the shallow water.
It is great fun!

- A motor boat is required to tow the aquaplane (Fig 3) and because of the strain imposed upon the board it must be substantlally made.
A good type of board can be constructed from 1in. pine measuring 6ft x 2ft with wooden battens screwed on to the front and the rear.
It may be necessaiy to use two or three 1in. planks battened together at three places to give the required measurements.
The batten at the front is 6in. wide and the other 3in.
Fasten them to the board with brass screws.
Drill two holes 3/4in. in diameter through the board and the front batten to hold the brace as shown in Fig. 4.
Large knots tied on each end will prevent the rope from pulling out through the holes.
The tow rope, which is fastened to the boat, is tied to the trace with a large loop to allow for free play when turning.
Next drill two 1/2in. diameter holes to take the reins.
Pass the ends through the holes and tie knots to prevent them from pulling through.
It is advisable to have a long tow rope to keep well out from the propeller of the boat.
Do not speed, swerve, or make sharp turns until you have gained some proficiency.
If you wish you can screw a fin to the exact centre of the bottom of the board to make it easier to handle.
Stand on the board while holding the reins and try to keep perfect balance as the speed increaces. The board will rise to a greater angle and you may be able to leam some spectacular stunts.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 1 February 1937, page 6.


Strong surf and a current setting towards the southern end of the beach caused swlmmers and boatmen trouble at the Manly Club's carnival on Saturday.
Waves were so strong at times that every boat in the final of the Junior boat race was swamped, and the winners, North Steyne, brought their waterlogged craft slowly to the beach, swimming and wading alongside it.
Most of the Manly swimmers in the surf races ran to the southern end of the carnival enclosure before taking to the water, but in the restricted senior event George Canaway went straight through the waves and rounded the buoys ahead of all opponents, to win by about 50 yards.
Noel Ryan could finish only fifth.
It was his first appearance in open surf competition this year.

Maroubra made a promising reappearance in march past competition, filling second place to Queenscliff and beating North Bondi into third place.

March past: Queenscliff, 1; Maroubra, 2; North Bondi, 3.
Rescue and resuscitation competition: Manly (J. King patient, J. C. Scott belt, S. Blyth, L. Roberts, F. J. Bennett, K. Foster), 76.08 points. 1; Cronulla (R. Holcombe patient, J. Tanner belt, J. Monro), 75 52, 2; Bondi, 73.09, 3.
Restricted surf race; G. I. Canaway (Palm Beach), 1; H. Cliff (Freshwater), 2; B. Lilly (North Steyne). 3.
Junior surf race: G. Stewart (Manly), 1; J. Jenkins (North Steyne), 2; J. Wise (Manly), 3.
Novice surf race: R. Goode (North Bondi); 1; F. J. Bennett (Manly), 2; B. Sutton (Manly), 3.
Senior boat race: Cronulla, 1; Queenscliff, 2; North Bondi, 3.
Junior boat race: North Steyne, 1; Manly, 2; Freshwater, 3.
Surfboard race: F. Adler (Bronte), 1;  L. Morath (Manly), 2; J. Williams (Manly), 3.
Surfoplane race: J. Rigby (Bronte), 1; F. Adler (Bronte), 2: F. Prosser (North Bondi), 3.
Beach sprint: F. Collins (North Narrabeen), 1: R. Evans (North Curl Curl), 2; A. Clive (Palm Beach), 3.
Beach flag relay race: North Curl Curl, 1; Coogee, 2; Palm Beach, 3.


The first team of surf life-savers officially to travel outside Australia left by the Wanganui on Saturday for New Zealand.
The team is under the management nf Mr. J. Cameron, chief supervisor of the Surf Life-saving Association, and includes; A. Carrier (South Narrabeen), K. Foster (Bronte), A. Hart (Bondi), B. Hodgson (North Bondi), J. King (North Narrabeen), J. Miller (Cronulla), M. Scott (Newcastle), and W. Scott (Black Head).

The Argus (Melbourne)
Friday 26 August 1938, page 9.
Independent Cable Service
PARIS, Thursday.
Lord Gifford, who was arrested at Biarritz a few days ago for having infringed the surfing regulations, said to-day that he had not been charged with any offence, but had been severely reprimanded for having swum too far out in a rough sea.

Lord Gifford was A.D.C. to Sir Philip Game when he was Governor of New South Wales.

"I was surfing at the Grand Plage, Biarritz, which is the only decent surf in Europe," said Lord Gifford, "and I was using an Australian rubber surfboard.

"I was well out when a beach guard began to toot a little horn and wave his hands, I thought he wanted me to go to the left, so I did.

"Then I came in on the next wave, and was astonished when the guards dashed up and tackled me in Rugby style.
I was marched up the beach and handed over to the police.
A large crowd followed me.

"Devilish Machine"
"A policeman told me that my offence had been greatly aggravated by the fact that I was using a 'devilish machine', and also by the fact that I had forced one of the beach guards to don a bathing-suit.

"I was taken to the police station, where a sergeant warned me against bathing in such circumstances.

"Although the surf was fairly big, thousands of Australians would have swum in similar conditions.
"Next day, I went to another beach.
Immediately the guard saw me he hoisted a large red flag and hastened off to lunch, after decreeing that the surf was too dangerous."

Sir Philip Woolcott Game served as Governor of NSW  from 1930 to 1935.
Lieutenant-Commander Gifford, aide-de- camp to Sir Philip Game, succeeded to the title of Lord Gifford on the death of his uncle in February 1937 and he subsequently returned to England to take up his seat in the House of Lords.

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954) Monday 9 January 1939 p 1 Advertising ... OLEËVE LINK Los!. Gold, set with diamond. I~ nine: Holt. FM1574._ SURFBOARD. Rubber, Lost, Bondi 
The Argus (Melbourne)

Saturday 14 January 1939, page 5S.

Patience and Skill are Needed Before You Become Expert at This Fascinating Game
By A.J.B.

As you leisurely view the stretch of clean ocean beach, with the long lines of rollers rhythmically advancing, breaking, and creaming in with lazy power, you feel the pleasant warmth of the sun playing upon your body, no longer covered by layers of clothes.
You inhale the air that is so extraordinarily invigorating.
You may well be pardoned if you approach the water with complete confidence that its steady force will inevitably sweep you in, thrillingly without any appreciable effort of your own.

You pause at the edge-the nip of the water has surprised you-and rove your eye over the bathers "in action."
There are the usual "flounderers," who splash aimlessly about and seem to get nowhere.
Farther out, in some sort of alignment, are bathers with surf- boards.
They wait expectantly.
A promising roller approaches, shows its white crest, and breaks.
Some "surf boarders" are left in its wake, the others are carried various distances from a yard or so to 50 or 60 yards into shallow water.
The same wave affects people so differently!

Turning your attention to other bathers shooting the breakers with apparent ease without boards, you decide that you will join their ranks, leaving such "crutches" to those who feel their need.
There it comes - a beauty, rising and rising as if loth to break.
Poised, you wait. It has reached you, and you spring forward.
Giant hands seem to have you in their grasp.
You are twisted this way and that, lifted - then, dumped!
You lose a certain amount of breath, and ship in its place some seawater highly charged with sand. For good measure you are rolled about a bit, then freed to eject foreign matter from your mouth, collect your scattered senses - and reflect.

Yes, it is a little humiliating to find that the experts didn't take that wave.
Never mind: here comes another.
In you go!
What, you've only gone a few yards, and petered out, while others are still travelling, heads projecting like so many coconuts?
There must be more to the business than meets the eye.

A friend offers you a board.
You accept it with an air of casualness calculated to disguise your real eagerness for its support.
You grip it firmly and turn to see a particularly determined looking wave bearing down upon you. Quick decision is called for - if you try to stand your ground and let it pass, you will probably be ignominiously swept off your feet plus board, and buffeted unmercifully as you were before.
The alternative - which you adopt - is to point the board quickly beachward, mount it, and hope for the best.

Almost at once the board tilts forward at about 45deg.
Like a bolt from the blue you speed ahead In a mass of foam.
By sheer luck, and without realising it, you have timed your start to a nicety.
You are conscious of passing other surfers at a great rate; you glimpse a rising form ahead, collision appears inevitable.
You veer to the left, the form desperately dodges, you shoot past with a fraction to spare; on through a forest of legs now, gliding in more steadily in shallower water toward the edge.
A jolt as the board grounds, you swivel round, the spent wave sucks back, twisting you again, and you stagger to your feet a little confused, but nevertheless with the air of one who has achieved no mean feat.

Sure now that you have a flair for this sort of thing, you return boldly for another, run in.
It is surely not your imagination - several surfers who have no doubt watched your successful ride seem to be observing you with interest and not a little envy.
Well, you will show them!
Easier said than done!
Your next three attempts "misfire."
This is bad enough, but you can't explain why.
Then, without any apparent reason, you have a second good run.

1. (Surf Ski)
If you have the patience, the time, the skill, and the opportunity, you may eventually be able to ride a surf ski like this Bondi (N.S.W.) boy.
2. (Two Surfoplane Riders)
There must be more to this business of surfing than meets the eye.
These two bathers seem to have mastered the art of shooting the breakers, but it takes time-and patience!

The edge of your satisfaction is somewhat blunted at the next attempt, when you inexplicably find yourself under the board instead of upon it.
By now you are feeling the effects of your struggles.
Determined to finish on a high note, you exert yourself to the utmost.
Exasperatingly, the more you try the less successful you are.

Then, when about to give up in despair, off you go again in a ride more thrilling than the first.
The board bumps up and down delightfully, and you make the grade in great style, adroitly avoiding the bump near the edge by slithering off at the psychological moment.
You go out apparently unconcerned, actually tingling with well-being.
Your first lesson in surfing is over: you are convinced that there is a technique to it.
You will probably never master it entirely -  it is an elusive business - but of this you may be sure: you will never, as long as you have the energy and the opportunity, be able to resist trying to becpme more and more expert.
Hence-forth, in fact, you will be enslaved to the surf; the fascination of golf or fishing will be as nothing to it.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 23 January 1939, page 11.

Loud-Speaker Used.

One of the most efficient mass rescues ever seen was carried out at Manly yesterday, when nearly 50 surfers, were swept to sea by the backwash of a h uge wave.
Thirty-five rescuers were directed by means of a loudspeaker from the 70ft observation tower.
They worked with amazing speed.

During the day nearly 200 rescues were reported from five Sydney beaches.
There were no fatalities, but scores of people were treated at ambulance stations on the beaches, and a boy was admitted to Manly Hospital suffering from shock and immersion.
When the 50 bathers were swept out at Manly seven belts and lines were immediately put into operation.
The surfboat, captained by F. C. Davis, which was patrolling beyond the breakers, picked up a number of people and landed them at Shelly Beach.
R. Duck, a member of the club, brought in four helpless people on a surfboard.

The chief beach inspector, J. Gibbons, said that it would have been impossible to locate many of the helpless surfers without the aid of the observation tower and loud-speaker.
Thousands of people watched the rescues from the promenade, and many bathers dashed into the surf to assist exhausted people ashore.

Bertram Fletcher, 14, of Union Street, Erskineville, was taken from the water unconscious.
He was later admitted to Manly Hospital suffering from Immersion and shock.
Dozens of other people were treated on the beach and allowed to go home.
Altogether 80 persons were rescued at Manly during the day.


A number of people were swimming in the Bogey Hole at Ben Buckler when waves 20 feet high washed two men into the seas that raged around the rocks.
A surfboat immediately put out and reached the men, who had been treading water - to keep clear of the rocks - after a fierce struggle.
A crowd of several hundreds watched breathlessly from the cliffs as the men were helped into the boat and landed on the beach.
The men were not senouslv injured.

Three girls, Misses J. Gilligan. J. Page, and E. Wells, all of Glebe, were badly cut about when they were thrown against the rocks behind the Bogey Hole by heavy waves.
They were treated at the ambulance station on the beach.

At North Bondi beach, nine surlers were washed off the sand bank 50 yards out and five reels and lines were used to bring them in.
M. McComber, of 9 Annandale Street, Annandale, was treated on the beach for immersion and shock. Twenty-eight rescues in all, one 400 yards out, were reported at North Bondi.


Three children were washed over the breakwater at Clovelly and were in danger of drowning when they were rescued at considerable risk by Ray Williams and Jack Doherty.
Williams received severe cuts on the rocks.


At Maroubra 32 people were rescued.
A girl was rescued 300 yards out and was subsequently treated in the outpatients' department of Prince Henry Hospital.
Several people were injured when they struck driftwood from the Belbowrie, which was wrecked near Maroubra Beach last week.
One surfer's head was badly cut when he struck a piece of timber which required six men to carry it from the beach.
An official of the life-saving club said that he was afraid to enter the surf for fear of being struck.

Ten rescues were, reported from Cronulla.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Tuesday 24 January 1939, page 15.


Entries close to-day at 1.30 at the Surf Life- saving, Association's headquarters, Phillip House, Phillip Street city, for all events at the Illawarra branch's 17th annual carnival at North Wollongong on February 4.
Excellent prizes are offered for every event on a programme of 18 events, and the Illawarra branch will also grant £2 towards the expenses of bringing boats to compete at the carnival.
There is a good service of trains between Sydney and Wollongong, while fares are moderate.


Messrs. A H. Curlewis, R. D. Doyle. O. Mack, and K. Hunter have been appointed bv the Surf Life-saving Association to investigate and report upon a proposal made to inaugurate an inter Pacific surfboard championship.
The fixture would be held in Honolulu and Sydney in alternate years.
The proposal is that there should be a series of events in which surfboards would be used, and would embrace wave shooting, rescue work, single and dual use of the boards.
The special sub-committee expects to present Its first report to a meeting of the executive of the Surf Life-saving Association which will be held to-day.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Tuesday 7 February 1939, page 15.


The annual carnival of the Illawarra branch of the Surf Life-Savlng Association was held on Saturday at Wollongong.
Sixteen teams from the metropolitan and Illawarra district competed in the march past whlch was won by Queenscliff.
S. Robinson of North Steyne won the junior surf race and the junior surf belt race.
A. Fitzgerald of North Wollongong won the senior belt race.
A calm surf took (?) most of the excitement from the surf boat race, the senior event won by North Steyne.

March past: Queenscliff, 1; Wollongong, 2.
Belt races Seniors: A. Fitzgerald (North Wollongong), 1; r Bennett (Manly),  2.
Juniors: S. Robinson (North Steyne), 1; M. Whitehead (Narrabeen), 2.
Junior surf race: S. Robinson (North Steyne), 1; D. Beckenham (Queenscliff), 2.
Resticted surf race: W. Furey (North Steyne), 1; R. Dunn (North Narrabeen), 2.
Surf boat race Open: North Steyne, 1; Manly, 2.
Junior: Dee Why, 1; Cronulla, 2.
Beach relay: Deewhy, 1; North Wollongong, 2.
Beach sprint:  F. Collins (Narrabeen),1; A. Sharpe (Dee Why), 2.
Surfoplane race: R. Holcombe (Cronulla), 1; M. Singer (?) (North Wollongong), 2.
Surf ski race: H. Lord (?) (North Narrabeen), 1; W. Laker (North Cronulla),  2.


The Surf life-saving Association has appointed Messers. K. Hunter, C. W. Whitehead, and J Cameron as a special sub-committee to select and arrange suitable competitions todecideAustralia's representatives in the first Pacific championships at Honolulu in July.
This competition will be open to all surfboard users in Australia.
The sub-committee will have a difficult task.


Entries close to-day at 1.30 at the Surf Life- saving, Association's headquarters, Phillip House, Phillip Street city, for the next night carnival at Coogee on February 22.
The beach sprint championships of North Cronulla club resulted -
Seniors: A. McCarthy, 1; G. Hagon, 2; J. Mewton, 3.
Juniors: E. Suann, 1; H. Nordstrom, 2; J. Kedrigan, 3.


March past: Terrigal, 1; The Entrance, 2.
Junior surf race:  R Stewart (Killcare), 1; J. xxx (Terrigal), 2; L. Dibben, (Terrigal), 3.
R & R race: Terrigal, 74.57 pts, 1; The Entrance, 72.42, 2; Killcare, 65.7, 3.
Senior boat race: Terrigal, 1; The Entrance, 2.
Restricted surf race: G. Loveridge (Terrigal), 1; V. White (The Entrance), 2; J. Godfrey (Terrigal), 3.
Surf teams race: terrigal, 1; The Entrance, 2; Killcare, 3.
The Sydney Morning Herald

Friday 17 February 1939, page 7.


GOSFORD, Thursday.
The Terrigal Surf Life Saving Club, which has decided to apply to the Cential Coast branch for permission to hold a carnival at Easter, has written to the association In Sydney requesting permission to conduct the Australian surfboard championship at Easter.

Mr R. Browning a Sydney visitor, has promised to give a gold cup for the title.
The Erina Shire Council will be asked on Monday to construct a £ 2,000 clubhouse.
The club will offer to contribute £500.

The Advertiser (Adelaide)
Friday 17 February 1939, page 7.


Will person who found hollow surfboard at Moana, Sunday, return Henley Life Saving Club immediately.
The Australian Women's Weekly

Saturday 25 February 1939, page 31.


AUSTRALIAN surf men are going to Honolulu to compete against crack Hawaiian surf-board stars. 
Suppose, instead of our men, Hawaii had challenged our surf girls? 
How would they compare with Honolulu's famous bathing beauties?

The Australian Women's Weekly asked its Honolulu representative, John Williams, to answer the question. 
"Well," he said, "Honolulu has one advantage. 
It is a holiday resort for the beauties of Hollywood and American society. 
But, as I remember Sydney beaches - I think you would win."

Photograph 1:
SURF-BOARD RIDING was invented in Hawaii.
Duke Kahanamoku, Hawaiian swimmer, introduced it here.

Photograph 2:
WAIKIKI BEACH is famous.
So is its Royal Hawaiian Hotel.
"Along the shaded promenade," says John Williams, "you can see at almost any hour of the day some of the loveliest women of America."

Photograph 3:
TYPICAL Waikiki girl is Alice Aldrite.
In California, an occasional Hawaiian trip is the social thing to do.

Photograph 4.
ROCHELLE HUDSON, like other Hollywood film stars, trim in her swim-suit, decorates Waikiki promenade.
"But." says John Williams, "many of their swim-suits were never meant for swimming."

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 6 March 1939, page 12.

Fourteen Swept Out at Cronulla.

Lifesavers effected many rescues in big seas on metropolitan beaches yesterday.
Their task was made more hazardous by the invasion of armies of "blue-bottles" and jelly-fish.

Shortly before 7 p.m. 14 people were swept out in a strong undertow at Cronulla.
They were being carried seawards at a fast rate when five members of the surf patrol, !P. Beaumont, M. Smith, W. Poulton, T. McClenahan, and M. Slater, donned belts and went to the rescue.
The strong current caught their lines and made progress difficult, and other members of the club launched the surf boat.
By the time the boat and the beltmen, assisted by Reg. Tanner and Phil Creeke, with surfboards, and W. Firth on surf-skis, reached the surfers, they were betwreen 300 and 400 yards from shore.
The surfboat picked up seven people who appeared to be in a bad way.
Two others were taken in charge by the surfboardmen and another by Firth.
McClenahan brought a young woman and two men in on his line, and the other beltmen the remainder.
Five other swimmers had been brought ashore earlier.


At North Narrabeen, the club's surfboat capsized and the crew was thrown into a boiling surf.
E. Jorgenson. C. Ferguson, S. Best, and F. Soady got safely ashore, and H. Paton was brought in by beltman Jack King.
T. Ford took out another line, which he endeavoured to attach to the boat.
Big seas, however, made this impossible.
Paton was badly dazed from a nasty knock on the head.

Later in the day, Basil Ann took a line out 15O yards to bring in a surfer to safety.
At Clovelly, three, ambulance room attendants of the local life-saving club were kept busy all day attending to people who had been stung by "blue-bottles."
Don Shapter, of the Coogee club, donned a belt and swam out 100 yards to a boy who had fallen from a rubber float in the enclosed area of the beach.

PACIFIC GAMES. Surf-Boat for Honolulu. The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954) Friday 31 March 1939 p 15 Article ... SURFBOARD TRIALS. The surfboard trials which will be conducted nn Sunda}' bv the Surf Life SaviiiR ... 283 words 
The Courier-Mail (Brisbane)

Wednesday 5 April 1939, page ?
PADDLING to Honolulu.
Some of the 33 competitors just after the start of the 880 yards surf-board race on the Narrabeen Lakes, Sydney.
The race was a guide for the selectors of the Australian team for the Pacific Surf Games at Honolulu in July.
SURFBOARD TESTS. TEAM FOR HONOLULU. The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954) Monday 3 April 1939 p 18 Article ... SURFBOARD TESTS. TEAM FOR HONOLULU. Surfboard tesis were decided by the Surf Lifesaving snvlng Association at Narrabeen yesterday 10 men qualifying to undergo more tests with a view to selection in the team to visit Honolulu The 10 sclecled were F Boormnn (North Bondi) a Connor IBondll R Chapple ... 512 words 
A.S.U. Restrictions on Surf Tour The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933-1954) Thursday 13 April 1939 p 14 Article ... selections as surfboard riders in the team for Hawaii are Bob Hol combe (Cronulla) and G. Connor (Bondi). ... surfoplane in Australia. Connor won the recent Australian surfboard championship at Manly. H. Scott ... surfboard events. Re cently he won the restricted surf race at the Cook's Hill carnival, defeating ... 367 words

The Argus (Melbourne)
Tuesday 9 May 1939, page 16.


After three months tom of South Africa Noel Ryan, swimmer, and Ron Masters, diver, reached Melbourne yesterday in the Nestor.
Ryan won every race in which he competed and made records for all distances from 220 yards to a mile.
Ryan said yesterday that the standard of swimming in South Africa was not close to the standard in Australia.
Surfing had been introduced only 10 years ago but great precautions were being taken to ensure safety on the beaches.
Although there were only 10 surf clubs in South Africa many resorts had their own paid surf patrols all the year.
At East London, for a population 30, 000, a patrol of six was regularly maintained on the beach.
At Durban Ryan made surfing history by being the first to use a surfboard.
For the benefit of the local club members, he gave a demonstration on an 11ft board which had been built in South Africa according to Australian design and dimensions.

SURF-BOARD TRIALS. The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954) Monday 15 May 1939 p 17 Detailed lists, results, guides ... SURF-BOARD TRIALS. Ihr final trials to enable the Surf Life Saving Association In select Ita team to visit Honolulu In July were held at Narrabeen Lakes vesterdav when surfboard laces and time trills over 410 sards were decided In the time trials each man was required to use a atandaid surfboard ... 367 words
Advertising The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954) Wednesday 22 November 1939 p 11 Advertising ... Machine, ¿Iso Singer Patching 1"X Machine. Cheap. 20 Draper Ave. Punchbowl.! SURFBOARD, as new, only used ... 5838 words 
The Argus (Melbourne)

Friday 8 December 1939, page 6.
Greatest Toy Show on Earth
Featuring a group of brand-new 

Large size, 31 inches x 16 1/2 inches.
Sturdy rubber surfboard with double re-inforced seams. 
Bright colours are red, green, and blue, all trimmed with white. 
Patent inflating valve. 
NOW 3/11

The Sydney Morning Herald
Thursday 18 January 1940, page 17.


THE first portrait to arrive from Los Angeles of MISS NANCY HEINZ, the 18-year-old daughter of Mrs. James P. Fraser, of Beverly Hills, and the late Mr Clifford Heinz, of Pittsburgh, whose engagement was recently announced to Mr Keightley ("Blue") Russell, son of Mrs T. L. Russell of Rockley Flats, Elizabeth Bay.
The wedding is expected to take place shortly and a new home is being built at Beverly Hills.
Mr Russell, who was a well-known figure at Palm Beach where his prowess on the surf-board was acknowledged, is now a member of the Delmar Country Club in Los Angeles.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Saturday 10 February 1940, page 13.

By W.J.

"Who's coming in for a 'session'?
Just look at those 'boomers.' "
To appreciate the significance of these words a knowledge of surfing parlance is necessary.
"Session" is generally used to denote a swim or a dip; "boomers" are big, rolling waves.

"Greenies" describes the unbroken swells which are the delight of surf boat crews, surfboard and surf-ski experts.
"Dumpers" are the waves which rise quickly and fall heavily, oftentimes on a sandbank.
They are avoided by the experienced surfer, who soon learns to distinguish the "dumpers" from the "shoots" (waves which break evenly and carry him some distance).

"Howler" is a synonym of "boomer."
The "front line" has no war-like significance (unless the battle with the waves is taken into account). It describes the position of those surfers who are farthest out.
To "crack" a wave means to swim onto it and then to ride it.
A "beacher" is a wave which takes the surfer right to the shore.
To go "down the mine" means to be hurled down to the bottom and there swirled about.
This usually happens when one attempts to ride a "dumper" or an unmanageable wave.

"They're on" is the cry, which sets the heart of every keen surfer beating fast.
Someone has spied a succession of big waves.
His ambition is now to "crack" a "beacber."
"Out the back" is the shout when someone sees an extra big wave rising from behind.

And "Noah's Ark," the generally used term, sounds far less sinister than "shark."
 The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954) Monday 18 March 1940 p 7 

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 18 March 1940, page 7.


March Past - Maroubra, 1; North Bondi,  2; Queenscliff, 3.
Country championship: Port McQuarie
Surfboat Championships - Senior: Swansea (W. Hill, G. McMillan, L. Brough, G. Sanderson, G. Byrnes), 1; North Cronulla (J. Davidson, R. Greenall, E. Dews. J. Mewton, M. Bell) and Tuncurry (T. Goodland, H. Cook, L. Stace, D. Bulmer, G. Bulmer) dead-heat,  2.
Junior: Caves Beach (L. Harman, J. Fox, J. Garvín, L. Masters, M. Neall), 1; North Bondi (L. Leggett, K. Day, B. Ryan, J. Richie, F. Fox), 2; Manly (E. Clare, M. Chaseling, J. McCourt, J. Berry, R. O'Hara), 3.
Surf Ski Race - A. Lloyd (North Narrabeen), 1; W. Langford and M. Morris (Maroubra), 2; K. Deanes (Maroubra), 3.
Surfboard Race - J. Austin (Manly), 1; J. Mayes (North Bondi), 2; H. Wicke (Manly), 3.
Rubber Surfboard Race- T. Foster (Bronte) 1; H. Hutchins (North Cronulla), 2; D. Matheson (Freshwater), 3.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Wednesday 20 March 1940, page 16.

Premiership Points.

A suggestion that disqualification robbed the South Narrabeen team of success in the rescue
and resuscitation premiership at the surf championships carnival on Saturday was [combated] by
Mr. C. Jeppeson at a meeting of the Surf Life Saving Association executive.

Mr. Jeppeson quoted the detailed official points which showed that Bondi secured a lead on points
in the swimming section of the contest and South Narrabeen did not regain it.

The swims of patient and beltman are both timed in these contests as it is essential that assistance to a swimmer in distress shall reach him as quickly as possible.
The team whose swimmers have the fastest time is awarded the most points and the others lose a proportion according to the number of seconds they are slower.
Points are also awarded under a number of other headings and the winning team is the one with the
highest aggregate.

On this basis, South Narrabeen, if it had not been disqualified, would have scored an aggregate of 74.37 points to Bondi's 75.40.
Out of the two totals, Bondi scored 22 for the swimming times and South Narrabeen 18.55.


An amended official result was declared by the association for the surfboard race at the carnival.
The successful competitor was H. Wicke (Manly), with J. Mayes (North Bondi), second, and L. Morath, (Manly) third.
Wicke was an unsuccessful candidate for the team which visited Honolulu last year, and Morath was a member.
Wicke has not been beaten this summer in surfboard races.


Three carnivals are listed for Sunday.
At Terrigal, a belt race will be held and K. Potter of Bronte, the Australian champion, and J. L. D.
McKay, of North Cronulla, will compete.

Several Sydney swimmers intend to travel to Mollymoke on the South Coast for the annual   carnival there.

The Burning Palms club will hold its first open invitation carnival on Sunday morning.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 25 November 1940, page 5.


Bondi - Rubber surfboard relay: A. Hart and J. Fisher, 1; T. Mcintyre and K. Scott, 2.


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home catalogue history references appendix

Geoff Cater (2008) : Merman ( W. F. C. Corbett) : Kahanamoku Tour Invitation, 1912.