george turner : surf riding in somoa, 1861
[Chapter XXI - AMUSEMENTS]
They have sundry
Swimming in the surf on a board, and steering little canoes while borne along on the crest of a wave towards the shore, are favourite juvenile sports.
Canoe-racing, races with one party in a canoe and another along the beach, races with both parties on land, climbing cocoa-nut trees to see who can go up quickest, reviews and sham-fighting, cock-fighting, tossing up oranges and keeping three, four, or more of them on the move : these and many other things were of old, and are still, numbered among Samoan sports.
Nineteen years in Polynesia:
missionary life, travels, and researches in the islands of the Pacific
J. Snow, London,1861.