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patteson : santa cruz islands, 1857 
J.C. Patteson : Santa Cruz Islands, 1857.

Extracts from
Yonge, Charlotte Mary:
Life of John Coleridge Patteson: Missionary Bishop of the Melanesian Islands
: Macmillan, London,1857, Volume One, pages ?


Inspired by the missionary work of  Gerorge Augustus Selwyn, the Bishop of New Zealand, John Coleridge
Patteson joined him in there in 1856, where he worked with Maori.
He subsequently  travelled extensively in the Western Pacific and was appointed the first bishop of Melanesia.
Patteson was murdered at Nukapu Atoll in 1871.

In 1861-1862, his Pacific travels included several visits to Norfolk Island.
It was previously a convict settlement in conjuction with the establishment of a British colony at Port Jackson
(Sydney) but was now the home to some of the Bounty descendants, who were relocated there in 1856 from
Pitcairn Island.

Although the book was written by Charlotte Mary Yonge, an enthusiastic moral and financial supporter of Patteson's evangelical work, as it is largely based on his correspondence, this entry is accredited to Patteson.

Also see:
1868 Mrs. Selwyn : Surfriding on Norfolk Island.
Extracts from Sketches of the Life of Bishop Patteson in Melanesia.
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1873, pages 63 to 65.

The Santa Cruz Islands are a part of Temotu Province of the Solomon Islands.
They lie approximately 400 km to the southeast of the Solomon Islands Chain and just o the north of the archipelago of Vanuatu.

Page 269

July 21, 1856
All day we have been very slowly drifting along the west side of Espiritu Santo.
A grand mountainous chain runs along the whole island, the peaks we estimate at 4,000 feet high. This alone is a fine sight - luxuriant vegetation to nearly the top of the peaks, clouds resting upon the summit of the range, from the evaporation caused by the vast amount of vegetable matter.
'Well, on we rowed, half a mile to shore - such a lovely scene.
A bend in the coral reef made a beautiful boat harbour, and into it we rowed.
Clear as crystal was the water, bright as tropical sun at 2.30 P.M. could make it was the foliage on the shore.
Numbers of children and boys were playing in the water or running about on the rocks and sands, and there were several men about, all of course naked, and as they lead an amphibious life they find it very convenient.
They work little; breadfruit trees, cocoa-nut trees, and bananas grow naturally, ...

Page 270

... and the yam and taro cultivations are weeded and tended by the women.
They have nothing to do but eat, drink, and sleep, and lie on the warm coral rock, and bathe in the surf.


Page 320


Page 332

The Santa Cruz group was visited again on the 23rd of September (1857).
Nothing remarkable occurred; indeed, Patteson's journal does not mention these places, but that of the Bishop (Bishop Harper / Bishop Selwyn ?) speaks of a first landing at Nukapu, and an exchange of names with the old chief Acenana; and the next day of going to the main island, where swarms of natives swam out, with cries of Toki, toki, and planks before them to float through the surf.
About 250 assembled at the landing place, as before, chiefly eager for traffic.
The Volcano Isle was also touched at, but the language of the few inhabitants was incomprehensible.
The mountain was smoking, and red-hot cinders falling as before on the steep side.
It was tempting to climb it and investigate what probably no white man had yet seen, but it was decided to be more prudent to abstain.

Yonge, Charlotte Mary:
Life of John Coleridge Patteson: Missionary Bishop of the Melanesian Islands
: Macmillan, London,187, Volume One.

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Geoff Cater (2010) : J.C. Patteson : Santa Cruz Islands, 1857.